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Results 451 - 500 of 810
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Horie M - - 1990
To quantify the effects of early reperfusion on the size of infarcts, an enzyme indicator was developed: myocardial creatine kinase (CK) release rate (kr), based on a compartmental kinetics model. In 59 patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) who received intracoronary thrombolysis therapy in the acute phase, the kr showed ...
Väänänen H K - - 1990
Serum concentrations of myoglobin (S-Myo) and carbonic anhydrase III (S-CA III; EC 4.2.1.1), a skeletal muscle-specific protein, were measured by RIA in 26 patients with acute myocardial infarction, 14 patients with neuromuscular diseases, and six healthy subjects before and after physical exercise. S-Myo was increased in infarct patients, whereas S-CA ...
Schwerdt H - - 1990
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the use of an optimised function to approximate and interpolate the time course of serum creatine kinase and creatine kinase-MB values after thrombolytic therapy in acute myocardial infarction. DESIGN: A three parameter interpolating function was developed which approximates the time ...
Graeber G M - - 1990
Experimental studies have shown that peripheral serum creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase change with bowel infarction. Some clinical reports have suggested that similar changes occur in patients. This prospective study documents the changes in these enzymes associated with acute myocardial infarction, acute bowel necrosis (MES INF), and uncomplicated abdominal aortic ...
Marius-Nunez A L - - 1990
This report describes a 46-year-old white man who suffered an acute myocardial infarction after carbon monoxide exposure. The electrocardiogram and serum enzymes showed myocardial infarction. The coronary angiogram performed one week after admission failed to reveal evidence of coronary obstructive lesions. The case presented is of interest because the clinical ...
Szlavy L - - 1990
To determine the effect of calcium dobesilate (CLS 2210) on biochemical markers of acute myocardial infarction, and thereby assess its action in limiting myocardial necrosis, this compound was administered intravenously by a randomized, double-blind technique to 23 of 41 patients suffering their first infarction. The remaining 18 patients received a ...
Moscoso H - - 1990
We have developed a monoclonal antibody-based enzyme immunoassay and a solid-phase radioimmunoassay for human myoglobin. Both assays are based on competition for the monoclonal antibody between the free myoglobin present in the standards or serum samples and the myoglobin coated to the wells of microtiter plates. Consequently, the absorbance at ...
Meissner D - - 1990
In 30 patients suffered from acute myocardial infarction the serum levels of zinc, copper, cortisol, aldosterone, and triiodthyronine were determined. Zinc and triiodthyronine decrease, the other parameters increase. The serum levels of the tested parameters show a characteristic course within the first days after onset of myocardial infarction. There are ...
van der Schouw Y T - - 1990
In a case-control study of 84 myocardial infarction patients and 84 population controls we investigated the association between iron status parameters and myocardial infarction during the acute phase and after six weeks. Immediately after the infarction mean ferritin levels were significantly higher, whereas iron levels and iron saturation of transferrin ...
Jensen L T - - 1990
In 16 patients with acute myocardial infarction and in 15 controls, procollagen type III aminoterminal peptide in serum (PIIINP) was measured consecutively. Serum PIIINP was increased on the second to third postinfarction day (p less than 0.01) and remained elevated for more than 4 months. Peak values were observed on ...
Ladi R N - - 1990
In 27 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) we calculated cumulative release of alpha-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (alpha HBDH) per liter plasma which is a routine procedure in our coronary care unit, and compared these values with calculated cumulative release of lactate dehydrogenase isoenzyme-1 (LDH-1) per liter plasma using a LDH-1 test ...
Ebel H - - 1990
To reduce hamodialysis-induced ventricular arrhythmias, each of 15 patients (age 66.9 +/- 6.2 years) with end-stage renal disease and cardiac irregularities was treated subsequently with four different computer-modulated bicarbonate haemodialysis profiles (A-D) for 2 weeks respectively: (A) constant UF, dialysate Na (138 mmol/l) and K (2 mmol/l); (B) decreasing UF, ...
Sharma J K - - 1989
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) free N-acetyl neuraminic acid (NANA) levels were estimated in 20 cases each of pyogenic and tubercular meningitis (TBM) and 10 controls. The levels of free NANA were significantly high (P less than 0.001) in pyogenic and partially treated pyogenic meningitis when compared to TBM. The CSF free ...
Pappas N J NJ - - 1989
A protocol for an enhanced Cardiac Enzyme Profile is proposed based on an admission, or initial, serum specimen and a second specimen 16 hours after onset of symptoms as minimal baseline serum samples in order to accomplish several simultaneous goals: 1. Detecting CK2MB at its average peak for maximal assurance ...
Kumari S S - - 1989
The effect of vitamin E administration on the severity of myocardial infarction induced by isoproterenol on rats was studied. Judging from serum enzyme activity (CPK 714 micromoles; GOT 291.7 micromoles; and GPT 155.5 micromoles), mortality rate (60 to 65% survived) and histopathological observation, vitamin E has been observed to offer ...
Stump D C - - 1989
Coagulation analysis was performed on blood samples from 386 patients with acute myocardial infarction drawn before, during, and after a continuous intravenous infusion of 150 mg recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) (Activase). Plasma rt-PA rose to peak levels of 2.1 +/- 3.1 micrograms/ml (mean +/- SD). Fibrinogen levels measured by ...
Narang N K - - 1989
Serum nickle was estimated by atomic absorption spectrometer in 20 healthy controls and in 25 cases of acute myocardial infarction at 12 hourly intervals upto 48 hours, after the onset of chest pain. The mean serum nickel was 0.27 micrograms/dl in healthy controls and 0.40,050,049 and 0.30 micrograms/dl in patients ...
Yao S K - - 1989
To evaluate the effects of the fibrinolytic system on the development of coronary heart disease (CHD), the level of released plasminogen activator was measured by venous occlusion in 60 CHD cases, and 20 healthy subjects. The level of plasma basic plasminogen activator activity, plasminogen, fibrinogen and serum fibrin degradation products ...
Lin L - - 1989
Activity and distribution of lactate dehydrogenase (LD) and its isoenzymes (LD1-5) were determined and both the heart (H) and muscle (M) subunit activities were calculated in myocardial samples from six brain dead human organ donors with normal hearts. Ten parts of each heart were analysed. LD1-3 were found to be ...
Mattila K - - 1989
Elevation of anticardiolipin antibodies has been observed in myocardial infarction and in many infections. To elucidate this topic, paired serum specimens from 40 patients with acute myocardial infarction were tested for anticardiolipin antibodies (solid-phase enzyme immunoassay) and enterobacterial common antigen antibodies (indirect hemagglutination test). Forty-one randomly selected individuals and 30 ...
Panteghini M - - 1989
We examined the kinetics of the catalytic activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST, EC 2.6.1.1) isoenzymes in serum of 28 patients with myocardial infarction who were to receive either intracoronary urokinase--reperfusion angiographically proved--or conventional therapy (control group). Cytosolic (soluble) AST (s-AST) activity in serum increased rapidly immediately after recanalization, reaching a ...
Kitazono T - - 1989
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is an inherited connective tissue disorder. Clinical manifestations of this syndrome are due to fragile connective tissue. Though many cardiovascular disorders in association with it have been reported, myocardial infarction is quite rare. In this report, two cases with type 4 Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and myocardial infarction are described. ...
Lindén T - - 1989
A total of 46 patients, aged 39-71 years (mean 57.7), were studied. Forty-eight percent of the patients were hyperlipidemic and 63% had earlier suffered a myocardial infarction. Biopsies from aorta were obtained during coronary bypass surgery. Apo B was extracted from the intima by incubation of the tissue in buffer, ...
Maury C P - - 1989
In a prospective study, 22 patients with prolonged chest pain were monitored by serial serum tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF; cachectin) measurements. In five patients serum TNF markedly increased, peaking at greater than 145 ng l-1; all these patients had large infarcts complicated by hypotension, pulmonary oedema and/or arrhythmia. Two of ...
Konings C H - - 1989
The Myolex (Orion) and the RapiTex (Behringwerke) latex agglutination tests for the rapid detection of elevated levels of serum myoglobin were studied prospectively in patients suspected of acute myocardial infarction, who were admitted to hospital within 8 h of pain onset. Using admission blood samples drawn 3.4 +/- 2.0 h ...
Tverdal A - - 1989
The relation between nonfasting serum triglycerides and death from coronary heart disease was studied in 37,546 men aged 35-49 years who were examined during 1972-1977 in four counties in Norway. During an average follow-up period of nine years, 369 deaths from coronary heart disease occurred. In univariate analysis, log(triglycerides) were ...
Kok F J - - 1989
The vitamin B6 status of 84 patients with acute myocardial infarction was compared with that of 84 control subjects. Pyridoxal and pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) in plasma and erythrocytes, as well as the basal and total potential activity of the PLP-dependent enzyme aspartate aminotransferase in erythrocytes, were measured for a comprehensive ...
Andersen H R - - 1989
To evaluate whether the right ventricle releases significant amount of cardiac enzymes during myocardial infarction, a clinicopathologic study of 50 patients with 60 infarcts was performed. Myocardial infarct size was determined at autopsy and compared with the corresponding peak serum lactate dehydrogenase and aspartate aminotransferase. Anterior and posterior infarcts had ...
Kok F J - - 1989
To study the association between selenium status and the risk of myocardial infarction, we compared plasma, erythrocyte, and toenail selenium levels and the activity of erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase among 84 patients with acute myocardial infarction and 84 population controls. Mean concentrations of all selenium measurements were lower in cases than ...
Herlitz J - - 1989
In 1350 patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction, serum potassium was analysed in the emergency ward. The effect of metoprolol was compared with placebo in a double-blind randomized trial. Metoprolol increased serum potassium from 4.11 +/- 0.02 mmol/l to 4.27 +/- 0.02 mmol/l (P less than 0.001) during the 1st ...
Doonan G R - - 1989
Several hundred Michigan horses were accidentally exposed to varying levels of monensin. Severity of effects was proportional to the level of feed contamination; sudden death resulted on at least two premises. Acute signs of cardiovascular impairment occurred on one premises having received feed containing over 200 grams of monensin per ...
Davidson C J - - 1989
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of cardiovascular and renal toxicity of a nonionic contrast agent when used for cardiac catheterization, and to assess the value of electrolytes and urinalysis results as predictors of nephropathy induced by a contrast agent. STUDY DESIGN: Nonrandomized trial using a criterion standard and a ...
Fröhlander N - - 1989
In patients with acute myocardial infarction, the haptoglobin (HP) groups were found to be associated with serum cholesterol levels. Heterozygotes (HP 2-1) showed serum cholesterol levels significantly higher (p less than 0.0001) than those of patients with HP 1-1 or HP 2-2. Furthermore, an association between HP type and infarction ...
London G M - - 1989
In order to investigate the possible role of aluminum accumulation on the myocardium, 50 stable asymptomatic hemodialysis patients were studied. Patient cardiac status was assessed by echocardiography. A deferroxamine (DFO) test, together with a bone biopsy, was performed to determine the magnitude of AI accumulation. Thus, an increase in serum ...
Tabatabai M - - 1989
The purpose of the present investigation was to determine the normal perioperative variations in the serum concentration of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) and its isoenzymes MM, MB, and BB, and of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) and its isoenzymes LDH1 to LDH5 to distinguish operation-induced changes in these enzymes from those due to ...
Burguera J L - - 1988
Zinc, iron and copper content in serum of 75 myocardiopathic chagasic patients together with that in 29 healthy controls were determined. Blood samples were taken by catheterization from the superior cava vein, coronary sinus, pulmonary artery and a peripheral artery, usually the femoral. In general, serum zinc and iron levels ...
Maury C P - - 1988
Serum amyloid A protein (SAA), apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), apolipoprotein B (apoB) concentrations, and creatine kinase (CK)-MB isoenzyme activity were serially measured in 10 patients during the course of acute myocardial infarction. Pronounced increases in SAA concentrations were observed in all patients during infarction. The highest SAA values were observed, on ...
Madsen P V - - 1988
Eight patients with severe peripheral vascular atherosclerosis scheduled for abdominal aortic surgery were investigated to detect coexisting coronary artery disease. None of the patients had a history of angina pectoris or previous myocardial infarction. Preoperative computerised thallium-201 dipyridamole myocardial scintigraphy was abnormal in all patients, showing either myocardial scar tissue ...
Rostand S G - - 1988
PURPOSE: Myocardial calcium content may have clinical importance in end-stage renal disease (ESRD), but it is difficult to detect during life. Our goal was to assess the effect of myocardial calcium content on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in uremic patients undergoing dialysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Energy subtraction radiography of ...
Griswold D E - - 1988
A method to quantitate both creatine phosphokinase (CPK) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity from the same cardiac tissue homogenate preparation is described. Depletion of CPK specific activity is used to quantitate myocardial infarct size, while MPO activity is utilized as a marker for polymorphonuclear leukocyte and monocyte infiltration into inflammatory sites. ...
Herlitz J - - 1988
In 1350 patients with suspected acute myocardial infarction, serum potassium levels during the first 3 days in hospital was correlated to clinical history and clinical course. A higher incidence of hypokalemia was observed in women, in patients with hypertension, and in those on chronic diuretic treatment. Patients with anterior infarction ...
Herlitz J - - 1988
In 809 patients with a recent myocardial infarction, morbidity during 5-year follow-up was assessed. The overall 5-year mortality rate was 33% (39% in patients with larger infarcts and 26% in patients with smaller infarcts) as judged from maximum serum enzyme activity (p less than .001). In terms of morbidity, no ...
van der Veen F H - - 1988
Myocardial activities of several enzymes were measured in infarcted and non-infarcted areas of heart sections obtained from eight patients who died after acute myocardial infarction. Similar data were obtained from four patients with cardiovascular disorders who died from causes other than myocardial infarction and from six patients without previously known ...
Pang S C - - 1988
Early elevation of the serum myoglobin level in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been noted for years. In this study, 39 patients admitted to the Coronary Care Unit with acute chest pain within 72 hours (mean 12 +/- 15 hours) or electrocardiographic changes suspected of acute myocardial infarction had a ...
Hugelmeyer C D - - 1988
A 23-month-old female child presented to an emergency department with a mild, nonspecific gastrointestinal illness and periodic fussiness and irritability; the initial physical examination was nonfocal and nondiagnostic. Rapid decompensation quickly ensued. Postmortem examination of hematologic laboratory data and reevaluation of radiographs showed a metallic foreign body in the stomach. ...
Isakov A - - 1988
Serum myoglobin levels were studied in 178 consecutive patients admitted for chest pain due to ischemic cardiac injury. Serum myoglobin level was compared with the clinical condition, electrocardiographic changes, and serum creatine kinase levels. Elevated serum myoglobin concentration was present in all patients with acute myocardial infarction, as defined by ...
Nelson S D - - 1988
Recently, this laboratory has demonstrated an enhanced susceptibility toward the development of ischemia-related lethal ventricular arrhythmias in the presence of therapeutic serum concentrations of digoxin in conscious dogs after myocardial infarction. The present study was performed to assess the effect of the interruption of cardiac sympathetic influences, via subacute left ...
Delanghe J - - 1988
In the acute phase of acute myocardial infarction (3-8 h after onset of symptoms) an early transient increase in the creatine concentration of serum, saliva, and especially of urine can be observed. Due to the renal threshold, urine values give a much better discrimination between infarction patients and controls than ...
Katus H A - - 1988
After the loss of membrane integrity cardiospecific myosin light chains are released as a result of proteolytic degradation of the insoluble myosin pool. Thus, as with cytosolic enzymes, the measurement of the serum concentration changes of myosin light chains may allow a non-invasive estimation of infarct size. A two compartment ...
Szczeklik A - - 1988
Mast cells have been implicated in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease. They can be activated by immunoglobulin (Ig) E-mediated mechanisms to release powerful mediators affecting local blood flow. We have determined systematically serum IgE concentrations in 100 patients with acute myocardial infarction. There was a consistent pattern of change ...
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