Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1347
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Cordina J - - 2005
Atrial fibrillation is the commonest cardiac dysrhythmia. It is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. There are two approaches to the management of atrial fibrillation: controlling the ventricular rate or converting to sinus rhythm in the expectation that this would abolish its adverse effects. To assess the effects of pharmacological ...
Ronald Andrew - - 2005
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether either right atrial or bi-atrial pacing effectively reduces the incidence of Atrial fibrillation post cardiac surgery. Altogether 458 papers were found using the reported search, of which 16 represented the best ...
Hsu Li-Fern - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Congestive heart failure and atrial fibrillation often coexist, and each adversely affects the other with respect to management and prognosis. We prospectively evaluated the effect of catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation on left ventricular function in patients with heart failure. METHODS: We studied 58 consecutive patients with congestive heart ...
Zangrillo Alberto - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Atrial fibrillation is the most common complication after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. This arrhythmia may lead to hemodynamic compromise, prolonged hospitalization, and increased risk for cerebral thromboembolism. Older age is the only variable consistently associated with the development of postoperative atrial fibrillation; however, no strong predictive model exists. ...
Raja Shahzad G - - 2004
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether off-pump coronary artery surgery reduces the incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation. Altogether 107 papers were found using the reported search, of which 18 presented the best evidence to answer the clinical ...
Ros E - - 2004
Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) is one of the most common heart arrhythmias. It is very difficult to detect unless an explicit Atrial Fibrillation episode occurs during the exploration. The present paper describes a number of low level parameters extracted from ECG traces where no Atrial Fibrillation process is present. The ...
Hofmann Robert - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The clinical course of patients with advanced organic heart disease is often complicated by the occurrence of atrial fibrillation. Slowing the ventricular rate and, if possible, restoration of normal sinus rhythm is crucial but difficult in the state of decreased ventricular function. METHODS: We included 78 consecutive patients with ...
Isa, MS; Department of ...
Quite a number of dramatic interventional advances in the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias such as catheter ablation and implantable cardiac defibrillators for serious ventricular arrhythmias have held the limelight over the last few years. The treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF), which remains the commonest arrhythmia affecting 0.5% of people aged ...
Kapadia Shefali - - 2004
A 70-year-old man was seen in a hospital consultation for evaluation of cellulitis of the left arm. The patient had multiple medical problems, including advanced liver disease due to alcohol, diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation, chronic renal in sufficiency, and hypopituitarism requiring steroid replacement. Most recently, he was ...
Akdemir R - - 2004
A 52 year old man was admitted to an emergency department with a fast ventricular rate atrial fibrillation after an electrical shock. Electrical cardioversion was attempted after echocardiographic examination. This failed, but the heart rate slowed. Successful pharmacological cardioversion was achieved after 16 hours of amiodarone infusion. Pre-excitation syndrome was ...
Shah Dipen - - 2004
The considerable cumulative morbidity and mortality burden resulting from atrial fibrillation has prompted renewed efforts to seek curative and widely applicable therapies. Currently used drugs are not only frequently ineffective at eliminating fibrillation, but may actually be life threatening. Extensive surgery involving both atria has shown that atrial fibrillation can ...
Przybylski Andrzej - - 2004
AIMS: Conventional ICD algorithms yield approximately 10-30% of spurious interventions. Our aim was to check whether nonlinear dynamics methods might be useful in the verification of ICD interventions. METHODS AND RESULTS: We extracted 190 consecutive RR files (approximately 2000-9000 RR intervals long) from the ICDs of 70 patients (36 with ...
Kurz D J - - 2004
To evaluate the long term outcome of familial idiopathic enlargement of the right atrium (IERA) and the risk of developing this disorder among unaffected offspring. 23 year follow up study. 14 members (eight men, mean age 54 years, range 40-78) of a pedigree with familial IERA. All patients were examined ...
Bauer Alexander - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The need for new treatment strategies for cardiac arrhythmias has motivated our continuing development of gene therapeutic options. Previously, we reported a decreased heart rate in an acute model of atrial fibrillation after atrioventricular nodal gene transfer. Here, we expand those observations to persistent atrial fibrillation and severe heart ...
Wang Chun-Li - - 2004
Left ventricular systolic function was studied in 40 patients with atrial fibrillation using a matrix-array transducer, which enables 2 simultaneous orthogonal views to be obtained in a biplane mode. Bland-Altman analysis showed excellent correlation and agreement between the systolic parameters of a single beat with identical RR1 and RR2 intervals ...
Relini Annalisa - - 2004
Atomic force microscopy was employed to study ex vivo amyloid material isolated from the transplanted hearts of two patients affected by systemic amyloidosis caused by the Leu174Ser apolipoprotein A-I variant. The purified material consists of fibrils and globular aggregates. For both patients the same morphological patterns are observed; in addition, ...
Dager William E - - 2004
Treatment strategies in patients with atrial fibrillation typically involve pharmacologic or interventional invasive therapies to suppress the rhythm, control ventricular contraction rates, or prevent thromboembolic complications. Current therapies used for rhythm conversion in atrial fibrillation may have undesirable risks or side effects that limit this approach. Lifelong anticoagulation may be ...
Xiao Han B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Left atrial dilatation is often considered as one of the important causes for atrial fibrillation. In this study we sought to examine the relationship between right atrial dilatation and left ventricular function in patients with atrial fibrillation, and the association with the documented duration of the dysrrhythmia. MATERIAL/METHODS: 56 ...
Scholten Marcoen F - - 2004
We studied the feasibility and efficacy of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) combined with transesophageal cardioversion (TEC). Secondary aims were to study left atrial flow velocities before and 1 and 5 minutes after TEC, biochemical markers of myocardial damage, and patient tolerability. TEC after a short period of anticoagulation and exclusion of ...
Ho Shu F - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Heart failure and stroke are major causes of morbidity and mortality in older people. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors improve symptoms and survival in left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Anticoagulants are effective in stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation with aspirin being a less effective alternative. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of ...
Weiss Esther M - - 2004
Atrial fibrillation is the most common clinically significant dysrhythmia. It has great impact on quality of life especially related to complications such as stroke and heart failure as well as functional status and the cost of chronic treatment. Pharmacologic treatment strategies are now better defined and more efficacious. Side effects ...
Horenstein M Silvana - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is reliable for detection of thrombi in the left ventricle and right atrium, but not in the left atrial appendage. Therefore, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is routinely performed in adults prior to electric cardioversion for atrial flutter/fibrillation (AFF). Whether young survivors of congenital heart disease repair with ...
Jánosi András - - 2004
A 73-year-old man was treated because of his paroxysmal palpitations became persistent. At the time of hospital admission atrial flutter was found. Antiarrhythmic drug treatment was unsuccessful therefore electrical cardioversion was indicated which restored his sinus rhythm. After one year of uneventful follow up Holter monitoring was indicated again. When ...
Wyse D George - - 2004
Among the principles for selection of endpoints for trials of arrhythmia management, the most important is that the endpoint be clinically relevant. According to this principle, the endpoint must be closely related to the objective of therapy. In the case of atrial fibrillation, for too long it seems, it has ...
Lim S L - - 2004
Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Surgical treatment is the most effective means of curing atrial fibrillation. The classic Cox maze procedure eliminates atrial fibrillation in more than 90% of patients and has remained the gold standard in surgery ...
Newman David - - 2004
There have been few health-related quality-of-life (HR-QOL) studies of atrial fibrillation in nontreated cohorts, even though it often is used as an endpoint in clinical trials. Nonintervention data now available are selected for those in whom novel therapies are most often offered. These data suggest that atrial fibrillation confers an ...
Beyerbach Daniel M - - 2004
The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of mortality as an appropriate endpoint in studies of atrial fibrillation. Almost none of the atrial fibrillation trials has shown a significant difference in mortality among the various treatment arms because the studies are small, and many patient-years are required ...
Kiss Orsolya - - 2004
Endothelin-1 secretion and sympathetic activation may play important role in cardiovascular pathophysiology. In vivo interactions between these systems are not defined. We aimed to study the electrophysiological and haemodynamic effects of simultaneous intracoronary endothelin-1 and intravenous isoproterenol infusions. 18 anaesthetised open chest dogs were studied after AV-ablation. Mean arterial blood ...
Efremidis Michalis - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Internal atrial cardioversion has been successfully used in the treatment of atrial fibrillation. The object of this study was to depict the effect of ibutilide on sinus rhythm restoration and internal atrial defibrillation threshold in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation. MATERIAL/METHODS: Twenty-four patients (14 men and 10 women, mean ...
Conway Dwayne S G - - 2004
In a multiethnic cohort of 388 patients admitted with symptomatic peripheral artery disease, atrial fibrillation was associated with emergency admission and increased mortality. Despite a greater prevalence of hypertension and diabetes in Afro-Caribbeans and diabetes in Indo-Asians, no significant differences were found in atrial fibrillation prevalence or mortality among different ...
Nunes José Pedro L - - 2004
A number of reports have raised the possibility that myocardial strain could be associated to increased plasma levels of troponin I. A 69-year-old, male, Caucasian, patient was admitted with prolonged chest pain and dyspnoea. The electrocardiogram showed atrial fibrillation with a ventricular rate of about 120 to 150/minute. After treatment ...
Nagarajan Darbhamulla V - - 2004
A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether the antero-posterior position is superior to the antero-lateral position for the placement of electrodes for cardioversion of atrial fibrillation. Altogether 167 papers were found using the reported search, of which 5 ...
Gheorghiade Mihai - - 2004
Atrial fibrillation affects approximately 2 million people in the United States and is a common comorbidity among patients with heart failure. Clinical studies indicate that the benefits of the beta-blocker carvedilol in patients with heart failure extend to patients with heart failure complicated by atrial fibrillation. The results of the ...
Connon Che J - - 2004
In the latter stages of development, the embryonic avian cornea undergoes significant changes in structure, composition and transparency. The rearrangement of stromal collagen fibrils at this time is important because it is believed to play a key role in the acquisition of corneal transparency. Here, we investigate spatial alterations in ...
Hoogsteen Jan - - 2004
AIMS: To study the course and circumstances of atrial fibrillation in endurance sports. BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is the main cause of symptoms in athletes and frequently disturbs the performance during the practising of sport. The course of the arrhythmia is seldom reported in this population. METHODS: In 1993 and 2002 ...
Quader Mohammed A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Preoperative atrial fibrillation has been identified as a risk factor for reduced long-term survival after coronary artery bypass grafting. This study sought to determine whether atrial fibrillation is merely a marker for high-risk patients or an independent risk factor for time-related mortality. METHODS: From 1972 to 2000, 46,984 patients ...
Melo João Q - - 2004
This article reviews the development of procedures designed to eradicate atrial fibrillation by creating nonincisional lesions in the atria. Percutaneous interventional and surgical data are reviewed and analyzed. A major limitation of the surgical approaches, which utilize a variety of energy sources, appears to be the difficulty in achieving transmurality ...
Mathew Joseph P - - 2004
CONTEXT: Atrial fibrillation is a common, but potentially preventable, complication following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. OBJECTIVES: To assess the nature and consequences of atrial fibrillation after CABG surgery and to develop a comprehensive risk index that can better identify patients at risk for atrial fibrillation. DESIGN, SETTING, AND ...
Kalus James S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is a common complication of cardiothoracic surgery (coronary artery bypass graft surgery or cardiac valve repair or replacement). Although predictors of postoperative atrial fibrillation have been explored in patients not receiving prophylactic antiarrhythmic therapy, independent predictors of postoperative atrial fibrillation in patients receiving prophylactic amiodarone have not ...
Kalus James S - - 2004
Postoperative atrial fibrillation is common after cardiac surgery. Prediction of which patients will develop postoperative atrial fibrillation would be clinically useful. Increased P-wave duration, suggesting atrial conduction delay and measured from preoperative electrocardiograms, predicts postoperative atrial fibrillation. However, postoperative P-wave duration has not been evaluated after cardiac surgery. In this ...
- - 2004
(1) The treatment aims in atrial fibrillation are to reduce patients' symptoms and to prevent both embolism and deterioration of any underlying heart disease. Therapy consists of anticoagulant or antiplatelet drugs, treatment of any underlying heart disease, and heart rate control. (2) Digoxin, betablockers, diltiazem and verapamil slow the heart ...
Lahtinen Jarmo - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation, occurring after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), has been suggested to be associated with the development of postoperative stroke. However, it is not clear what is the incidence of atrial fibrillation-related postoperative stroke, the timing of its occurrence, and the outcome. These issues have been investigated in ...
Kamalvand Golnar - - 2004
Chronic inflammation, superimposed by amyloid fibril deposition, is believed to trigger the cascade of oxidative stress response in the affected organs and tissues. We examined immunohistochemically the distribution of 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) and N(epsilon)-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML), markers of lipid peroxidation and advance glycation end products (AGE), respectively, in spleen sections and peritoneal ...
Bauer Alexander - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Develop and evaluate a model of persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) and severe congestive heart failure (CHF). METHODS: A single-chamber atrial pacemaker was implanted in pigs (20-30 kg). Burst atrial pacing at 42 Hz led to development of persistent AF. Immediately and 20 days after activation of the burst pacing ...
Kiewiet R M - - 2004
We report the case of a 64-year-old man who presented with severe hypercalcaemia secondary to primary hyperparathyroidism. Soon after admission he developed ventricular fibrillation with no other cause than this severe hypercalcaemia. Although the occurrence of cardiac arrhythmias in hypercalcaemia is widely known, ventricular fibrillation has never been described before.
Lelorier Paul - - 2004
This report presents the outcome of a cohort of 94 patients with atrial fibrillation from the Canadian Registry of Atrial Fibrillation, in which we paid particular attention to the probability of stroke and death. We also evaluated warfarin use over time and compared left atrial dimensions in patients with atrial ...
Schwab Joerg Otto - - 2004
In this study, we report an intraprocedural incident in patients undergoing ablation for atrial fibrillation. During left atrial manipulation our patients suffered from acute chest pain, showed ECG signs of an acute inferior wall myocardial infarction, and increased levels of cardiac Troponin I (cTnI). We strongly recommend being aware of ...
Lim Hoong Sern - - 2004
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia in the critically ill and is associated with adverse outcomes. Although there are plausible benefits from conversion and maintenance of sinus rhythm (the so-called 'rhythm-control' strategy), recent randomized trials have failed to demonstrate the superiority of this approach over the ...
McMurry Sarah A - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss the pathophysiology, risk factors, and treatments for atrial fibrillation occurring after cardiac surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Atrial fibrillation occurs frequently after cardiac surgery and it may lead to patient morbidity. Many variables have been suggested to be associated with this arrhythmia, but only advanced patient age ...
Cooper Howard A - - 2004
Atrial fibrillation comprises a large and growing epidemic in the aging population. Stroke is the most feared complication of atrial fibrillation, and the risk of stroke increases markedly with age. Multiple clinical trials have proven that warfarin anticoagulation is effective in reducing this risk. However, the complex pharmacokinetics and narrow ...
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