Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1346
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Ngaage Dumbor L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to describe the independent effect of preoperative atrial fibrillation on the outcome of coronary artery bypass grafting, including the causes of death (cardiac vs noncardiac). METHODS: We analyzed the outcome of patients with preoperative atrial fibrillation who underwent on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting between 1993 ...
Roukoz Henri - - 2007
Dofetilide is a relatively new class III antiarrhythmic agent that selectively blocks the rapid component of the cardiac ion channel delayed rectifier current. This results in an increase in the action potential duration and effective refractory period of the myocyte, thereby terminating reentrant tachyarrhythmias and preventing their re-induction. Oral dofetilide ...
- - 2007
Vernakalant is an atrial-selective antiarrhythmic drug discovered by Cardiome Pharma (formerly Nortran Pharmaceuticals). Vernakalant may have potential in the treatment of atrial arrhythmias, including acute atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter. Vernakalant is a mixed sodium/potassium channel blocker and selectively blocks ion channels in the heart that are known to be ...
Guédon-Moreau Laurence - - 2007
AIMS: To establish the incidence of early adverse events surrounding direct current (DC) cardioversion of persistent atrial fibrillation in an unselected patient cohort and to describe and analyse these complications. METHODS: Prospective study over a three-month period (February, March and April 2000). Outcome measures included all serious adverse events during ...
Sideris S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Ibutilide is a class III antiarrhythmic drug that is used for the cardioversion of atrial arrhythmias, but it can cause torsades de pointes. Amiodarone is also used for the cardioversion of atrial fibrillation and prolongs the QT interval but rarely causes torsades de pointes. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study ...
Gerdts Eva - - 2007
The influence of left atrial size on cardiovascular events during antihypertensive treatment has not been reported previously from a long-term, prospective, randomized hypertension treatment trial. We recorded left atrial diameter by annual echocardiography and cardiovascular events in 881 hypertensive patients (41% women) with electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy aged 55 to ...
Ellenbogen Kenneth A - - 2007
The role of permanent pacing for the prevention of atrial fibrillation is reviewed. A moderate decrease in the incidence of acute and chronic atrial fibrillation has been seen with atrial pacing compared with ventricular pacing, especially in patients with sinus node dysfunction based on a meta-analysis of clinical trials. A ...
Ballaux Philippe K E W - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: We studied the persistence of favorable outcome, the occurrence of new atrial arrhythmias, and sinus node dysfunction in patients who underwent the maze III procedure. METHODS: Preoperative, in-hospital, and follow-up data of 203 patients who underwent the maze III procedure between June 1993 and June 2003 were collected. A ...
Ricci Renato - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Physiologic pacing has been demonstrated to be effective in preventing atrial fibrillation recurrences in patients with sinus bradycardia. Aim of the study was to evaluate long-term incidence of atrial fibrillation in a large population of patients affected by sinus node disease receiving physiologic pacing. Furthermore, predictors of arrhythmia recurrence ...
Santini Massimo - - 2006
Atrial fibrillation represents the most common arrhythmia in clinical practice and is associated with poor clinical outcome. Due to the aging of the population, the number of patients with atrial fibrillation will increase approximately 2.5-fold by the year 2050. Comparison studies between rhythm control and rate control strategies in management ...
Aburawi Elhadi - - 2006
A woman presented at 28 wk gestation with fetal bradycardia 50 bpm, which persisted until 42 wk when an asymptomatic male baby was delivered. Electrocardiograph at 3 wk of age documented an incessant atrial fibrillation with slow ventricular response. He continued to be asymptomatic, but on follow-up at 16 y ...
Zuidema Xander - - 2007
AIM OF STUDY: To report the management of cardiovascular failure refractory to standard catecholamine therapy with terlipressin in a patient with tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) intoxication. CASE REPORT: A 41-year-old woman, with suicidal ingestion of 11.25 g amitriptyline and 1500 mg diclofenac, was admitted to the emergency department. After 30 min ...
Kato Toru - - 2006
Atrial fibrillation, a major risk factor for stroke, is believed to occur first as paroxysmal episodes, gradually becoming more persistent, and finally progressing to chronic atrial fibrillation. Treatment of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation is an important target to prevent chronic atrial fibrillation. We describe a very unique case with postprandial hyperglycemia ...
Garg Scot - - 2006
Transthoracic echocardiograms (TTE) and 24-hour Holter recordings are commonly requested investigations for patients presenting with symptoms thought to be due to underlying cardiac pathology. The objective of this study was to audit the use of inpatient TTE and Holter monitors in acute medical patients under the care of physicians other ...
Jeanmart Hugues - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The use of radiofrequency ablation to perform the mini-maze procedure (pulmonary veins isolation) has been reported with good results. The aim of this study was to evaluate our practice with the association of the mini-maze procedure, done with the use of the Cardioblade pen, and minimally invasive mitral valve ...
Bagshaw Sean M - - 2006
Amiodarone has been proposed to decrease atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery. The literature was systematically reviewed for randomized trials comparing amiodarone with control for prevention of atrial fibrillation. Data were extracted on study characteristics, quality, and incidence of atrial fibrillation, cardiovascular outcomes, and length of hospitalization. Nineteen trials were included. ...
Kazmierski Jakub - - 2006
Preoperative risk factors of postoperative delirium were evaluated in 260 patients admitted for open heart surgery. The incidence of delirium was 11.5%. Independent predictors included cognitive impairment, atrial fibrillation, a history of peripheral vascular disease major depression and advanced age. Aforementioned factors might be helpful in predicting delirium following cardiac ...
Ariyarajah Vignendra - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Interatrial block (P-wave> or =110 ms) is clinically associated with left atrial enlargement and electromechanical dysfunction as well as atrial tachyarrhythmias. We prospectively evaluated the incidence of such arrhythmias, especially atrial fibrillation among patients with interatrial block over the course of 1 year. METHODS: 118 patients (aged 48 to ...
Ederhy Stéphane - - 2006
Atrial fibrillation is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Pooled data from trials comparing antithrombotic treatment with placebo have shown that warfarin reduces the risk of stroke by 62%, and that aspirin alone reduces the risk by 22%. Overall, in high-risk patients, warfarin is superior to aspirin in preventing strokes, ...
Delgado Yamila - - 2006
50 years old female patient, with history of diabetes mellitus and hypertension, receiving metformin (500 mg BID) and atenolol (50 mg BID), presented to the Emergency Room with asthenia and dizziness. The patient was also receiving alternative medication (Dragon Blanco) which contains no licorice. During the emergency workup she developed ...
Childers Rory - - 2006
The history of atrial fibrillation is described in terms of its electrocardiographic delineation, characteristics and clinical associations. The variant configurations are described and their relationship to rhythm duration and cardioversion success. The inter-relationship of fibrillation with flutter and their diagnostic differences are reviewed. The electrophysiologic basis of atrial remodeling is ...
Sarre Alexandre - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The spatio-temporal pattern of arrhythmias in the embryonic/fetal heart subjected to a transient hypoxic or hypothermic stress remains to be established. METHODS AND RESULTS: Spontaneously beating hearts or isolated atria, ventricles, and conotruncus from 4-day-old chick embryos were subjected in vitro to 30-minute anoxia and 60-minute reoxygenation. Hearts were ...
Gehi Anil K - - 2006
Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia disorder. Its incidence is especially high among patients with valvular heart disease. Patients with atrial fibrillation are at a six-fold increased risk of stroke and a two-fold increased risk of mortality. Medical management for rhythm control of patients with atrial fibrillation is suboptimal ...
Steiner Ivo - - 2006
Isolated atrial amyloid (IAA), one of the most common members of the family of age-related ("senile") amyloids, seems to play a role in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation. Patterns of IAA deposition were histologically studied in the hearts of 100 elderly patients. The incidence (%) and severity (grade 0-3) of ...
Singh Bramah N - - 2006
Synthesized as an antianginal compound 40 years ago, amiodarone has emerged as a uniquely effective antiarrhythmic compound in recent years. It has numerous properties, the most prominent being the ability to lengthen repolarization in the atria and ventricles associated with bradycardia without the significant potential for torsades de pointes. Amiodarone ...
Koçer, Abdülkadir
Aim: Diminished cardiac output can lead to the development of white matter lesions. White matter lesions are related to cognitive impairment, stroke risk and vascular death, yet the precise aetiology is uncertain. Methods: In this study we recruited 130 patients attending our medicine and neurology outpatient department, and divided them ...
Heist E Kevin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Recent interest has focused on the left atrial appendage (LAA) in the setting of atrial fibrillation as a potential source of thromboembolism and stroke, which may be amenable to permanent occlusion by a variety of investigational catheter-delivered devices. Precise anatomic characterization of the LAA is necessary to determine the ...
Oneglia Carlo - - 2006
Atrial fibrillation is the most common rhythm disturbance and can also occur in absence of true cardiac disease. However, also in these cases, it can generate left atrial appendage thrombi with systemic embolic potential. A regular and well conducted anticoagulant therapy with dicoumarol derivatives, as indicated in these patients, is ...
Stulak John M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atrial flutter or fibrillation with rapid, uncontrolled ventricular response may lead to left ventricular dysfunction, and conversion to sinus rhythm with control of heart rate can improve left ventricular ejection fraction. Little is known about the effects of the Cox-maze procedure on this form of tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. METHODS: Four ...
Takeda Koji - - 2006
Acromegaly is characterized by a hypersecretion of growth hormone and is frequently associated with valvular abnormality and arrhythmia. The increased morbidity and mortality is primarily caused by stroke and cardiovascular disease. Therefore, valve reconstruction and sinus rhythm recovery will be particularly beneficial. We report herein the successful surgical treatment of ...
Ussia Gian Paolo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The percutaneous left atrial appendage transcatheter occlusion system (PLAATO, ev3 Inc., Plymouth, Minnesota, USA) is a novel technique of interventional cardiology, which has recently been proposed for the nonpharmacological prophylaxis of thromboembolic events in patients with chronic nonvalvular atrial fibrillation ineligible for oral anticoagulation therapy with vitamin K antagonists. ...
Mitchell Andrew R J - - 2006
Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation is a common occurrence in patients following thoracic surgery and in some patients remains refractory to medical therapy. New pacemaker devices are available with atrial preventative and termination pacing algorithms designed to reduce arrhythmia recurrences. This report describes the implantation of such a device in a patient ...
Screen Hazel R C - - 2006
Tendon is multi-level fibre composite material, responsible for the transmission of forces from muscles to the skeleton. It is composed of a hierarchical arrangement of collagenous units surrounded by a proteoglycan-rich matrix, arranged to support strain transfer, and thus contribute to the mechanical behaviour of tendon. This study examines the ...
Schreiber Donald H - - 2006
Amiodarone is currently indicated for the treatment of life-threatening ventricular dysrhythmias. It is also used for the treatment of supraventricular dysrhythmias and as maintenance therapy after successful cardioversion of atrial flutter or atrial fibrillation. Adverse effects related to its expanded use are increasingly common. We describe a case of amiodarone-induced ...
De Clercq D - - 2006
Six horses without underlying cardiac disease were presented because of atrial fibrillation of between 5 and 12 months duration. These horses received an intravenous amiodarone treatment of 5mg/kg/h for 1 h followed by 0.83mg/kg/h for 23h and subsequently 1.9mg/kg/h for 30h. During treatment, clinical signs were monitored and a surface ...
Birnie David H - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Atrial fibrillation is the most common clinical arrhythmia. Current treatment strategies are far from optimal. One new research direction is to target the atrial fibrillation substrate and to examine whether drugs can produce atrial structural and/or electrophysiological remodeling and whether this results in a reduction in atrial ...
Corrado Giovanni - - 2006
Atrial fibrillation is the most commonly encountered sustained arrhythmia. Echocardiography has augmented the knowledge about etiology and complications of atrial fibrillation. Transthoracic echocardiography allows rapid, safe and comprehensive assessment of cardiac structure and function, and is recommended for all subjects with atrial fibrillation. The use of transesophageal echocardiography has contributed ...
Abadie J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The paper presents a new robotic system for beating heart surgery. The final goal of this project is to develop a tele-operated system for the thoracoscopic treatment of patients with atrial fibrillation. The system consists of a robot that moves an innovative end-effector used to perform lines as in ...
Reiffel James A - - 2006
Fish oil, and omega-3 fatty acids in particular, have been found to reduce plasma levels of triglycerides and increase levels of high-density lipoprotein in patients with marked hypertriglyceridemia, and a pharmaceutical-grade preparation has recently received approval from the US Food and Drug Administration to market for this purpose. However, in ...
Lorenz Cristian - - 2006
Domain knowledge about the geometrical properties of cardiac structures is an important ingredient for the segmentation of these structures in medical images or for the simulation of cardiac physiology. So far, a strong focus was put on the left ventricle due to its importance for the general pumping performance of ...
Fumagalli Stefano - - 2006
The success of external cardioversion (ECV) of atrial fibrillation depends on generating sufficient transmyocardial current for defibrillation with minimal myocardial injury. Thoracic electrical impedance plays an important role in the relation between the delivered energy and transmyocardial current. This study assessed the determinants of thoracic electrical impedance in ECV of ...
Tselentakis E Victor - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is the most common complication after cardiac surgery. Postoperative atrial fibrillation (PAF) has been shown to increase length of stay, morbidity, and mortality. Because the clinical behavior of PAF parallels that of inflammation following surgery, we investigated the effect of the inflammatory mediator arachidonic acid on the ...
Gollob Michael H - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia and may cause significant morbidity. Current management strategies offer only modest success and may be associated with intolerable drug side effects or risk of procedural complications. As with other cardiac arrhythmias, the identification of genetic determinants predisposing to ...
Bolderman Rob - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Renal infarction may be an underrecognized disorder. Classical teaching holds that cardioemboli, notably in the setting of arterial fibrillation, are responsible. The expanding use of contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT) in patients with acute abdomen may change the spectrum of renal infarction. METHODS: Twenty-seven consecutive patients presenting to a ...
Lim Toon Wei - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies suggest that segmental ostial isolation of the pulmonary veins for the treatment of patients with persistent and permanent atrial fibrillation is associated with a high rate of recurrence. Recurrence of atrial fibrillation is usually associated with electrical reconnection of the pulmonary veins to the left atrium. METHODS: ...
Ashikaga Keiichi - - 2006
Structural in addition to electrical remodeling may be induced by persistent atrial fibrillation per se and make atrial fibrillation refractory to antiarrhythmic drug therapy. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) contribute to structural remodeling in the interstitial space. Amiodarone is effective in treating persistent atrial fibrillation compared with other antiarrhythmic drugs. In mongrel ...
Forlani Stefano - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation can be successfully treated with surgical ablation, but the effect of restoring sinus rhythm on the quality of life has yet to be established. We evaluate the effects of left atrial ablation combined with mitral valve surgery on health-related quality of life in patients with permanent atrial ...
Al-Absi A I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Mitral annulus calcification (MAC) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality in the general population. The purpose of the current historical cohort study is to assess risk factors for long-term mortality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with MAC (n = 30; age, 62 +/- 2 yr), as compared ...
Redfearn Damian Paul - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Device therapy for atrial fibrillation remains contentious despite the recognized benefit of atrial pacing in sinus node dysfunction. There are various new specialized pacing algorithms that aim to provide rhythm or rate control in atrial fibrillation. We review the various options for device therapy and the evidence ...
Chen De-you - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness and safety of various agents on paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in the elderly over 75 years old. METHODS: Totally 264 in-patients (75-91 years old, 185 males and 79 females) with atrial fibrillation history of less than 7 days were enrolled in this study. A total of ...
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