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Rodrigo Ramón - - 2010
Oxidative stress has been strongly involved in the underlying mechanism of atrial fibrillation, particularly in the arrhythmia occurring in patients undergoing cardiac surgery with extracorporeal circulation (postoperative atrial fibrillation). The ischemia/reperfusion injury thus occurring in the myocardial tissue contributes to the development of tissue remodeling, thought to be responsible for ...
Sogut Ozgur - - 2009
Use of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco is a considerable public health problem. In Turkey, a type of smokeless tobacco called Maras powder (MP) is widely used in the Southeastern region. We present a case of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation that was suspected to be caused by the use of MP, which ...
Indik Julia Heisler - - 2009
Atrial fibrillation is a frequently encountered arrhythmia, particularly affecting the elderly. Patients at significant risk for stroke should be considered for anticoagulation with warfarin. Management of atrial fibrillation revolves around either controlling the ventricular rate response or trying to maintain sinus rhythm with either pharmacologic or nonpharmacologic therapies. There are ...
Camm A John - - 2009
The A4 and other similar (small) studies strongly support the launch of major trials of left atrial catheter ablation for the maintenance of sinus rhythm, reduction of cardiovascular hospitalizations and improved survival in patients with symptomatic recurrent atrial fibrillation. Will pharmacological therapies continue to have an important place in the ...
de Asmundis Carlo - - 2009
Nowadays, trans-septal (TS) puncture is a relatively safe and straightforward procedure in experienced hands. However, in the presence of a thick, aneurysmatic or extremely elastic fossa ovalis crossing the septum might be challenging. We here describe the use of a novel guidewire that permits easy and safe 'over the wire' ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2011
Changing axis deviation has been rarely reported also during atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter. Changing axis deviation has been also rarely reported during acute myocardial infarction associated with atrial fibrillation or at the end of atrial fibrillation during acute myocardial infarction. Subclinical hyperthyroidism is an increasingly recognized entity that is ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2011
Changing axis deviation has been rarely reported also during atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter. Changing axis deviation has been also rarely reported during acute myocardial infarction associated with atrial fibrillation too or at the end of atrial fibrillation during acute myocardial infarction. We present a case of changing axis deviation ...
Ad Niv - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Preoperative atrial fibrillation has been associated with less favorable outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. However, it was never investigated in a large cohort of patients using a national database. This study aims to (1) identify the effect of atrial fibrillation on operative mortality and morbidity in ...
Schwaab Bernhard - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although quinidine has been used to terminate atrial fibrillation (AFib) for a long time, it has been recently classified to be used as a third-line-drug for cardioversion. However, these recommendations are based on a few small studies, and there are no data available of a larger modern patient population ...
Kalavrouziotis Dimitri - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between preoperative atrial fibrillation and early and late clinical outcomes following cardiac surgery. METHODS: A retrospective cohort including all consecutive coronary artery bypass graft and/or valve surgery patients between 1995 and 2005 was identified (n = 9796). No patient had a concomitant surgical AF ablation. ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2011
It has been rarely reported changing axis deviation also during atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter. Changing axis deviation has been also rarely reported during acute myocardial infarction associated with atrial fibrillation too. We present a case of a 49-year-old Italian man with revelation of changing axis deviation at the end ...
Perkins Alisha - - 2012
Background: Atrial fibrillation is a common dysrhythmia seen in the emergency department (ED). Chemical or electrical cardioversion may be performed on patients who have had atrial fibrillation for < 48 h duration and who are at low risk for thromboembolic events. Multiple studies suggest that intravenous procainamide is an appropriate ...
Gopinathannair Rakesh - - 2009
The management of atrial fibrillation involves control of the ventricular response rate, anticoagulation to reduce the risk of stroke and attempts to maintain sinus rhythm. The approach to patients with atrial fibrillation has become increasingly complex as therapeutic options have expanded. The ultimate reasons to treat atrial fibrillation include improvement ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2010
Subclinical hyperthyroidism is an increasingly recognized entity that is defined as a normal serum free thyroxine and free triiodothyronine levels with a thyroid-stimulating hormone level suppressed below the normal range and usually undetectable. It has been reported that sub-clinical hyperthyroidism is not associated with CHD or mortality from cardiovascular causes ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2010
Subclinical hyperthyroidism is an increasingly recognized entity that is defined as a normal serum free thyroxine and free triiodothyronine levels with a thyroid-stimulating hormone level suppressed below the normal range and usually undetectable. It has been reported that subclinical hyperthyroidism is not associated with coronary heart disease or mortality from ...
Patan? Salvatore - - 2009
Subclinical hyperthyroidism is an increasingly recognized entity that is defined as a normal serum free thyroxine and free triiodothyronine levels with a thyroid-stimulating hormone level suppressed below the normal range and usually undetectable. It has been reported that subclinical hyperthyroidism is not associated with coronary heart disease or mortality from ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2010
The use of substances as the substrate for atrial fibrillation is not frequently recognized. Chocolate is derived from the roasted seeds of the plant theobroma cacao and its components are the methylxanthine alkaloids theobromine and caffeine. Caffeine is a methylxanthine whose primary biological effect is the competitive antagonism of the ...
Watson Timothy - - 2009
Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia, which is associated with a high risk of stroke and thromboembolism. Increasing evidence suggests that the thrombogenic tendency in atrial fibrillation is related to several underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. Abnormal changes in flow are evident by stasis in the left atrium, and ...
Wang Hao - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In the last two decades, the incidence of ventricular fibrillation has significantly decreased as the presenting rhythm in sudden cardiac arrest. We hypothesized that beta-adrenergic receptor blocker (beta-blocker) and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, which were commonly used in the primary and secondary prevention strategies recommended by the American Heart ...
Pang Peter S - - 2009
Hospitalization for acute heart failure syndromes (AHFS) results in substantial in-hospital and postdischarge morbidity and mortality. Management of AHFS presents significant challenges, given the heterogeneity of the patient population and the differing etiologies underlying why patients present with acute decompensation. Arrhythmias in the setting of AHFS, such as atrial fibrillation ...
Doshi Darshan - - 2009
The cardiac action potential consists of the sequential activation of various ion channels in a precisely orchestrated manner. Pathologic alterations of ion channel currents disrupt this coordinated behavior and have been linked to arrhythmias, such as atrial fibrillation, as well as to heart failure. The late sodium current is increased ...
Tran Cao Thach - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Postoperative atrial fibrillation is a common complication to cardiac surgery. Na,K-ATPase is of major importance for the resting membrane potential and action potential. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the importance of Na,K-ATPase concentrations in human atrial biopsies and plasma potassium concentrations for the development of ...
Roy Denis - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present review will examine the prognostic importance of atrial fibrillation and heart failure, explore the different therapeutic options for treating atrial fibrillation and present the results of the Atrial Fibrillation and Congestive Heart Failure (AF-CHF) trial. RECENT FINDINGS: The Atrial Fibrillation and Congestive Heart Failure trial ...
Lupinski Ryszard W - - 2009
The lymphatics of the heart have not generated any broad or sustained interest among clinicians. Few publications on cardiac lymphatics are available, the anatomy is not routinely known and the true role of cardiac lymphatics remains doubtful. One important anatomical concept needing clarification is that of the lymphatic drainage of ...
Kirchhof Paulus - - 2009
Atrial fibrillation affects at least 1% of the population and causes marked society-wide morbidity and mortality. Current management of atrial fibrillation including antithrombotic therapy and management of concomitant conditions in all patients, rate control therapy in most patients, and rhythm control therapy in patients with severe atrial fibrillation-related symptoms can ...
Makkar Kathy M - - 2009
Atrial arrhythmias, ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death (SCD) are significant health problems and an economic burden to society. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) may play a key role in the occurrence of structural and electrical remodeling, potentially explaining the development of atrial and ventricular arrhythmias. Angiotensin II has been shown ...
Patel Pawan D - - 2009
Atrial fibrillation is the most common of the serious cardiac rhythm disturbances and is responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality. Amiodarone is currently one of the most widely used and most effective antiarrhythmic agents for atrial fibrillation. But during chronic usage amiodarone can cause some serious extra cardiac adverse effects, ...
Mariscalco Giovanni - - 2010
The manuscript is a "Letter to the Editor" concerning the paper: "Ozaydin M, Dede O, Varol E, et al. Effect of renin-angiotensin aldosteron system blockers on postoperative atrial fibrillation. Int J Cardiol 2008; 127: 362-367".
Tung R - - 2008
Atrial fibrillation frequently coexists with heart failure, and these two chronic disease states often physiologically exacerbate one another. Clinical trials comparing rate versus rhythm control strategies have not demonstrated superiority with one strategy over the other, with pharmacologically based rhythm management. Since 1998, catheter-based ablation strategies for the treatment of ...
Cataldi Angelo - - 2008
Amiodarone is a class III antiarrhythmic agent with a long half-life which is used to control atrial and ventricular arrhythmias, including atrial flutter and fibrillation. We describe here the case of an elderly woman (77 years of age) who was hospitalized for acute atrial fibrillation, abdominal pain, and dyspnea. In ...
Ohad Dan G - - 2008
A 4-year-old, intact male Dogue de Bordeaux dog with congenital valvular pulmonic stenosis, tricuspid valve dysplasia, and chronic atrial fibrillation underwent ultrasound-guided balloon valvuloplasty in addition to pharmacological treatment. Owner compliance to prescribed pharmacotherapy proved very poor, and concerns developed regarding the ability to successfully control heart rate and symptoms ...
Shrivastava Rakesh - - 2009
Atrial fibrillation is a common problem following cardiac surgery. Atrial fibrillation occurs in 30% to 50% patients during postoperative period. Postoperative atrial fibrillation often results in increased length of hospital stay, increased cost of postoperative hospitalization, heart failure, and, less frequently, cerebrovascular accident and death. Because postoperative atrial fibrillation is ...
Laurent Valérie - - 2009
Although cavotricuspid isthmus radiofrequency catheter ablation is considered curative therapy for typical atrial flutter, many patients develop an atrial fibrillation after ablation. The purpose of our study was to determine the incidence and the predictive factors of post-ablation atrial fibrillation. One hundred and forty eight consecutive patients underwent cavotricuspid isthmus ...
Gupta Raghav - - 2008
Atrial fibrillation is an important cardiogenic cause of embolic phenomenon to the brain leading to stroke and long-term disability. Recognition of atrial fibrillation is of cardinal importance in the workup of stroke and transient ischemic attack (to prevent future strokes) by the timely institution of anticoagulation therapy. We describe a ...
Colomba Claudia - - 2008
Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) is a tick-borne acute febrile disease caused by Rickettsia conorii and characterized by fever, maculo-papular rash and a black eschar at the site of the tick bite ('tache noir'). We describe the case of a 58-year-old man affected by MSF who developed atrial fibrillation. The patient ...
Laughlin James C - - 2008
Dronedarone. Dronedarone is a benzofuran derivative pharmacologically related to amiodarone but without the iodine moiety. It is designed for the treatment of atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter. Historically, amiodarone has proved most effective in maintaining sinus rhythm and has been used safely in patients with advanced heart failure. However, its ...
Yang Jie-fu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is a common arrhythmia and a major risk factor for ischaemic stroke. We investigated the prevalence of atrial fibrillation and its relation to age, gender and underlying heart disease in patients aged 60 years and over who died during hospitalization. METHODS: Between 1955 and 2005, 1519 autopsies ...
Corradi Domenico - - 2008
Atrial fibrillation occurs and maintains itself in the context of a morphologically and functionally altered atrial substrate that can be induced by stressors such as underlying diseases (cardiac or noncardiac) or aging. The resultant structural remodeling is a slow process that progressively affects myocytes and the myocardial interstitium, and takes ...
Hess, Amy
A four year old intact male Harlequin Great Dane presented for further evaluation of persistent atrial fibrillation. The major goal of the initial examination was to determine if the arrhythmia was a primary entity or present secondary to underlying cardiac disease. The results were equivocal and therapeutic planning was geared ...
Kijtawornrat Anusak - - 2008
Atrial fibrillation is a common arrhythmia with considerable morbidity and mortality. Limitations in studying both the mechanisms and therapy of atrial fibrillation arise due to the paucity of models that yield sufficiently high-quality data, are not costly, and in which atrial fibrillation is sustained long enough to make the necessary ...
Groh Mark A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Surgical therapy of atrial fibrillation concomitant to coronary bypass grafting using epicardial Ultrasound technology was assessed after a minimum 6-month follow-up. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cohort of 98 consecutive patients with a mean age of 72+/-7.58 years and a primary diagnosis of ischemic heart disease had surgery for structural ...
Vicol Calin - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Microwave ablation has been reported as efficient for the surgical treatment of long-standing atrial fibrillation. However, the influence of ablation lesions on long-term results is not known. METHODS: From August of 2000 to November of 2003, 41 patients underwent a left atrial endocardial microwave ablation procedure after a Cox-Maze-like ...
Amit Guy - - 2008
Atrial fibrillation is a prominent cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Current treatment strategies center on controlling heart rate while allowing fibrillation to persist or targeting fibrillation primarily and attempting to maintain sinus rhythm. Pharmacological therapies are largely successful for rate control, although mild toxicities are common. Rhythm ...
Balbão Carlos E B - - 2009
Alcohol is the most consumed drug worldwide. Both acute and chronic alcohol use have been associated with cardiac arrhythmias, in particular atrial fibrillation, or so-called 'holiday heart syndrome'. Epidemiological, clinical and experimental studies have attempted to elucidate the mechanisms involved in this association. However, because most of these studies have ...
Chlapoutakis Georgios Nikolaos - - 2010
We present the case of a 50-year old female with a history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and without any antithrombotic therapy, who was admitted to the neurologic department of our hospital with symptoms of cerebral ischemia. Two hours after the release of the neurological syndrome, she experienced an acute ST-segment ...
Balguid Angelique - - 2008
Understanding the response of tissue structures to mechanical stress is crucial for optimization of mechanical conditioning protocols in the field of heart valve tissue engineering. In heart valve tissue, it is unclear to what extent mechanical loading affects the collagen fibril morphology. To determine if local stress affects the collagen ...
Patan? Salvatore - - 2010
Subclinical hyperthyroidism is an increasingly recognized entity that is defined as a normal serum free thyroxine and free triiodothyronine levels with a thyroid-stimulating hormone level suppressed below the normal range and usually undetectable. Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation is a frequent complication of acute myocardial infarction. It has been reported that subclinical ...
Patan? Salvatore - - 2010
It has been rarely reported intermittent changing axis deviation also occurs during atrial fibrillation. Intermittent changing axis deviation during acute myocardial infarction and changing axis deviation associated with atrial fibrillation and acute myocardial infarction too have been also rarely reported. It has also been reported acute myocardial infarction during l-thyroxine ...
Korantzopoulos Panagiotis - - 2009
The presence of lone atrial fibrillation presupposes the absence of structural heart disease, hypertension, or other known predisposing factors. However, several recent clinical and experimental data provide novel insights into the pathogenesis of lone atrial fibrillation. In addition, modern diagnostic techniques often reveal some previously unappreciated abnormalities. Therefore, the increasing ...
Gorenek Bulent - - 2009
Clinical importance of atrial and ventricular ectopic beats are investigated in some experimental and clinical trials. They are common and occur in a broad spectrum of the population. This includes patients without structural heart disease and those with any form of cardiac disease, independent of severity. Although we know something ...
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