Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1347
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Thijssen V L - - 2001
Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia with an overall prevalence of almost 1%. Increasing prevalence and associated risks such as stroke and mortality have increased the need for better and more reliable therapeutic treatment. This has stimulated research to elucidate the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation ...
Ad N - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Postoperative atrial fibrillation after cardiac operation is common. Despite the identification of risk factors associated with postoperative atrial fibrillation, the pathophysiologic mechanisms remain unclear. Myolysis has been recently described to be associated with maintenance of atrial fibrillation in experimental animals. In this study, we attempted to identify histopathologic changes ...
Harahsheh B S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Atrial fibrillation occurs in 10% 40% of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. This study investigates whether prophylactic Amiodarone use reduces the rate of atrial fibrillation post myocardial revascularisation. METHODS: In a prospective study conducted at the Cardiothoracic Center over a 6 month period, 192 patients were randomized to ...
Li-Saw-Hee F L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is associated with increased risk of stroke and thromboembolism, possibly by conferring a prothrombotic or hypercoagulable state. However, it is unclear whether or not this differs in the clinical subgroups of chronic atrial fibrillation patients, that is, in those with paroxysmal, persistent or permanent atrial fibrillation. We ...
Sandoval J - - 2001
Atrial septostomy represents an additional, promising strategy in the treatment of severe PPH. Experience with this procedure still is limited; however, based on analyses of the worldwide experience, several general conclusions and recommendations can be made. 1. Atrial septostomy can be performed successfully in selected patients with advanced pulmonary vascular ...
Hamprecht F A - - 2001
In a study of artifact-free ventricular fibrillation episodes in 54 patients, 28 of whom experienced return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), the power of different indicators to predict the ROSC was compared. Taking the average of sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative predictive value, the dominant frequency reaches 76%, the mean ...
Sie H T - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: In the majority of patients with chronic atrial fibrillation the arrhythmia will persist after correction of the underlying structural abnormality. The maze procedure is an effective surgical method to eliminate atrial fibrillation and to restore atrial contractility. METHODS: In this study we used radiofrequency energy to create lines of ...
Simpson C S - - 2001
PURPOSE: The role of digoxin and verapamil in the control of ventricular response in rapid atrial fibrillation is well established. This study investigates how clonidine compares with these standard therapies in rate control for new-onset rapid atrial fibrillation. We set out to test the hypothesis that clonidine effectively reduces heart ...
Conraads V - - 2001
This report describes the diagnostic difficulty encountered in a young female patient presenting with neurologic symptoms, atrial fibrillation and severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction, eventually leading to cardiac transplantation. The scrutiny used in the evaluation of the particular aspect of the left ventricle, and the integration of the information obtained ...
Oliver M F - - 2001
Fatal ventricular fibrillation is a common complication of acute coronary syndromes. Effective preventive measures are not available. Immediate restriction of free fatty acid availability should optimize ischemic myocardial metabolism, reduce ventricular vulnerability, and increase glucose utilization. Rapid inhibition of lipoprotein lipase activity will achieve this. The clinical effects of antilipolytic ...
Aslam A K - - 2001
Systemic lupus erythematosus is known to have cardiac manifestations consisting of pericarditis, myocarditis, endocarditis, and coronary vasculitis. Pericarditis is the most common cardiac manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus. Myocarditis may be suspected in patients presenting with unexplained tachycardia, conduction disturbances, unexplained systolic dysfunction with or without heart failure, or arrhythmias. ...
Skubas N J NJ Division of Cardiothoracic Anesthesia, Department of Anesthesiology, and the Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, - - 2001
Atrial fibrillation is a common complication of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery that is associated with adverse patient outcomes. We evaluated whether preexisting abnormalities of cardiac structure or function detected with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) are prevalent in patients later developing atrial fibrillation after CABG surgery. TEE imaging was performed ...
Weigner M J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: For patients presenting with atrial fibrillation of only a few weeks duration, the use of transesophageal echocardiography offers the opportunity to markedly abbreviate the duration of atrial fibrillation before cardioversion. We sought to determine if the shorter duration of atrial fibrillation allowed by a transesophageal echocardiography strategy had an ...
Michelucci A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: It has not so far been elucidated whether the autonomic nervous system plays a role in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation relapse after electrical cardioversion. METHODS: In 40 consecutive patients with atrial fibrillation (22 males, 18 females, mean age 60 +/- 2 years) submitted to successful electrical cardioversion (external ...
LoVecchio F - - 2001
Intentional hydrocarbon inhalation can be fatal. Death can be secondary to hydrocarbon's cardiopulmonary effects. We present a case of a patient who survived ventricular fibrillation after inhalation of Glade Air Freshener, which contains short chain aliphatic hydrocarbons (butane and isobutane). Unlike our case, myocardial sensitization and hypoxia are more commonly ...
Mayr A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Tachyarrhythmias (TA) represent a frequent and serious problem after cardiac surgery. We retrospectively analyzed 987 cardiac surgery patients admitted to a surgical intensive care unit between 1996 and 1999 to assess incidence and risk factors associated with development of postoperative TA in the intensive care unit. METHODS: TA (n=149) ...
Vitadello M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Structural and phenotypic changes of cardiomyocytes characterize atrial fibrillation. We investigated whether changes in the glucose-regulated protein GRP94, which is essential for cell viability, occur in the presence of chronic atrial fibrillation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Samples of fibrillating atrial myocardium obtained from both goat and human hearts were analyzed ...
Møller M - - 2001
INTRODUCTION. Atrial fibrillation is a frequent cause of worsening of symptoms in patients with congestive heart failure. The drugs currently available for maintenance of sinus rhythm all have major side effects. METHODS. In 34 Danish coronary care units, 1518 patients with congestive heart failure and reduced left ventricular systolic function ...
Tan C W - - 2001
A man and his father each developed atrial fibrillation after the ingestion of a frozen sweet. In the son, atrial fibrillation recurred with the subsequent ingestion of cold beverages. Neither patient had documented episodes of atrial fibrillation at any other time. The son also had multiple other episodes of palpitation, ...
Kolawole B A - - 2001
Thyroid hormone has effects on both the peripheral circulation and the myocardium. These include a decline in the systemic vascular resistance and an increase in cardiac output and cardiac contractility. Exposure to excess thyroid hormone, as occurs in thyrotoxicosis, can not only aggravate preexisting cardiac disease but also by itself ...
Kimura M - - 2001
The presence of left atrial thrombus (LAT) is associated with an increased risk of embolic stroke. However, it has yet to be established definitively whether low-intensity warfarin therapy (INR: 1.5-2.0) can prevent LAT formation in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). The present study analyzed the clinical and transesophageal echocardiography ...
Al-Harbi A - - 2001
Renal infarction usually occurs in patients with severe atherosclerosis or heart disease. We report a 68-year-old lady who presented with total occlusion of the left renal artery of acute onset. Detailed work up did not reveal any specific cause and the infarction was considered to be idiopathic. The patient presented ...
Mueller X M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass operations remains frequent and increases morbidity, as well as resource use. Its cause remains unclear. The introduction of a minimally invasive technique provides an opportunity to evaluate the effect of intraoperative factors, such as cardiopulmonary bypass, global myocardial ischemia, and myocardial protection technique, ...
Hynninen M - - 2001
Atrial fibrillation after coronary bypass (CABG) surgery is an important cause of morbidity and increased resource utilization. Insulin-enhanced cardioplegia may reduce postoperative arrhythmias by improving aerobic myocardial metabolism and mitigating the deleterious effects of ischemia. We performed a double-blinded, randomized, controlled clinical trial to determine if insulin-enhanced cardioplegia decreases the ...
Giri S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Beta-blockers and amiodarone reduce the frequency of atrial fibrillation after open-heart surgery but the effectiveness of oral amiodarone in older patients already receiving beta-blockers is unknown. We have assessed the efficacy of oral amiodarone in preventing atrial fibrillation in patients aged 60 years or older undergoing open-heart surgery. METHODS: ...
Lechat P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: beta-Blockade-induced benefit in heart failure (HF) could be related to baseline heart rate and treatment-induced heart rate reduction, but no such relationships have been demonstrated. METHODS AND RESULTS: In CIBIS II, we studied the relationships between baseline heart rate (BHR), heart rate changes at 2 months (HRC), nature of ...
Traversi E - - 2001
In patients with chronic congestive heart failure a high pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP) is associated with poor prognosis, severe symptoms and low exercise tolerance. When atrial fibrillation is present the non-invasive prediction of PAWP by Doppler echocardiography is generally considered to be not reliable. In 51 consecutive patients with ...
Shah C P - - 2001
The use of adenosine has been suggested as a diagnostic tool in the evaluation of wide ORS complex tachycardia. However, adenosine shortens the antegrade refractoriness of accessory atrioventricular connections and may cause acceleration of the ventricular rate during atrial fibrillation. We observed ventricular fibrillation in 2 patients who presented to ...
Pelosi F F - - 2001
Atrial fibrillation is a common cardiac arrhythmia with significant sequela. The goals of treating atrial fibrillation are rate control, prevention of thromboembolism, and maintenance of sinus rhythm. The epidemiology and pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation is reviewed, as well as strategies and recommendations for achieving therapeutic goals. The authors also review ...
Wattanasuwan N - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the efficacy of an IV combination of diltiazem and digoxin vs IV diltiazem alone for acute ventricular rate control in patients with atrial fibrillation. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, open-label study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-two patients with atrial fibrillation and uncontrolled ventricular rates were randomized to receive either an ...
Llinas R - - 2001
The results of trials that study patients with defined lesions (atrial fibrillation without valvular heart disease, various severities of carotid artery stenosis in the neck, intracranial artery stenosis) are very helpful for clinicians caring for patients with those conditions. On the other hand, trials that group all patients with brain ...
Waktare J E - - 2001
AIMS: To characterize the nature and timing of atrial ectopics preceding clinical episodes of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Holter recordings (n= 177, 60 patients, 58% male, mean age 61.7 +/- 11.5 years) were performed on patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. These were subjected to standard analysis and recordings ...
Bungard T J - - 2001
Nonvalvular atrial fibrillation is the most prevalent dysrrhythmia, and carries with it an at least fivefold increased risk of ischaemic stroke. Currently, the implementation and optimization of prophylactic therapy (with warfarin or acetylsalicylic acid) is the most effective approach, at the population level, to optimize outcomes in patients with atrial ...
Aronow W S - - 2001
In a prospective study of 651 older persons with congestive heart failure after prior myocardial infarction, persons with atrial fibrillation had a significantly higher mortality than those with sinus rhythm if they had an abnormal (p = 0.005) or normal (p = 0.0001) left ventricular ejection fraction. The Cox regression ...
Zecchi P - - 2001
We performed a review of the current literature in order to evaluate clinical, electrocardiographic and electrophysiologic parameters predictive of atrial fibrillation development. Clinical parameters were obtained from two large observational studies (the Framingham heart study and the Cardiovascular health study). Different laboratoristic predictors were also reviewed: ECG-derived predictors, among which ...
Wharton J Marcus - - 2001
Various approaches for catheter ablation of focal initiators of atrial fibrillation or the substrate for maintaining atrial fibrillation have evolved over the past 5 years. Despite these advances, there are still a large number of unresolved issues regarding the efficacy and safety of these procedures as well as optimal patient ...
Pinter A - - 2001
Intravenous antiarrhythmic drugs can be used as diagnostic tools; for example, adenosine can be used to reveal the underlying rhythm in narrow QRS tachycardia. Newer class III antiarrhythmic agents, like ibutilide and dofetilide, are effective at the conversion of acute atrial fibrillation; however, electrical cardioversion is still the most effective ...
Simha P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The Cox Maze III procedure is the standard operation for the surgical cure of atrial fibrillation. Its wide spread use is limited by the extensive nature of the procedure. The surgical diathermy device is a radio frequency generator and can be used to create surgical lesions, which cause interruption ...
Matalka M S - - 2001
Atrial fibrillation is a common arrhythmia in patients with heart failure. The presence of atrial fibrillation deteriorates cardiac function and increases the risk of thromboembolic events. The management of patients with atrial fibrillation in association with heart failure should consist of ventricular rate control, prevention of thromboembolic events, and conversion ...
Rogers K C - - 2001
Ibutilide is an intravenous Class III antidysrhythmic approved for the treatment of recent onset atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter. Pharmacological effect occurs within 30 min, and the efficacy approaches 40%. In contrast to DC electrical cardioversion, which requires anesthesia, pharmacologic cardioversion offers an alternative in which sedation can be avoided. ...
Al-Dashti R - - 2001
Dofetilide is a new, pure class III antiarrhythmic agent that prolongs the refractory period and action potential duration without having beta-blocking or calcium channel-blocking properties, making it unique among established class III agents. Dofetilide is effective in converting atrial and ventricular arrhythmias, and in maintaining sinus rhythm after cardioversion. Interestingly, ...
Køber L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Arrhythmias cause much morbidity and mortality after myocardial infarction, but in previous trials, antiarrhythmic drug therapy has not been convincingly effective. Dofetilide, a new class III agent, was investigated for effects on all-cause mortality and morbidity in patients with left-ventricular dysfunction after myocardial infarction. METHODS: In 37 Danish coronary-care ...
Daoud E G - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of verapamil on immediate recurrences of atrial fibrillation occurring after successful electrical cardioversion. METHODS AND RESULTS: The effect of verapamil on the recurrence of atrial fibrillation within 5 minutes after successful transthoracic cardioversion was assessed in 19 (5%) of ...
Torp-Pedersen C - - 2000
Dofetilide is a class III anti-arrhythmic drug that has been approved for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. Two clinical studies, which enrolled 996 patients, demonstrated pharmacological conversion to sinus rhythm to occur in 30% of patients. Following pharmacological or electrical conversion, median time to relapse exceeded one year. Two large ...
Treggiari-Venzi M M - - 2000
Our aims were to examine whether the administration of amiodarone or magnesium sulphate after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) could reduce the occurrence of atrial fibrillation, and to identify the risk factors associated with atrial fibrillation after CABG. Patients scheduled for elective CABG (n = 155) were allocated randomly, ...
Thamilarasan M - - 2000
In this study, we sought evidence for an underlying atrial or ventricular myopathy in patients with paroxysmal lone atrial fibrillation using standard echocardiographic parameters in addition to Doppler tissue imaging of mitral annular motion. No impairment in atrial contractile function was found, but there was evidence for impaired diastolic function ...
Teng M P - - 2000
Atrial fibrillation is the most common supraventricular tachyarrhythmia encountered in clinical practice, affecting over 5% of persons over the age of 65 years. A common pathophysiological mechanism for arrhythmia development is atrial distention and fibrosis induced by hypertension, coronary artery disease or ventricular dysfunction. Less frequently, atrial fibrillation is caused ...
van Loon G - - 2000
A transvenous, screw-in electrode was implanted in the right atrium of a healthy pony and connected with an implantable pulse generator programmed to deliver bursts of electrical stimuli to the atrium. Initially, cessation of burst pacing resulted in short (less than 1 minute), self-terminating episodes of atrial fibrillation. As burst ...
Rho R W - - 2000
Arrhythmias occur commonly in patients after cardiac surgery. Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia in the postoperative period; it accounts for significant morbidity to the patient and prolonged hospital stays, and it contributes significantly to the cost of hospitalization. It occurs more commonly in elderly men and in patients ...
Kouakam C - - 2000
Preliminary studies have described, in young patients with unexplained cerebral infarction, electrophysiological abnormalities similar to those observed in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Moreover, in young adults with 'normal' hearts, increased susceptibility to paroxysmal atrial fibrillation with autonomic abnormalities as assessed by heart rate variability analysis have been reported. METHODS: The long-term ...
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