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Pentone Alessandra - - 2013
A 22-year-old man was found dead in his room, lying on his bed, with a kitchen knife embedded in his thorax. The external examination revealed only 1 deep incised horizontal wound in the third left intercostal space beside the sternum. There were no hesitation marks or defense injuries. On both ...
Heidler-Gary Jennifer J Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2013
Test the hypothesis that right hemisphere stroke can cause extinction of left hand movements or movements of either hand held in left space, when both are used simultaneously, possibly depending on lesion site. 93 non-hemiplegic patients with acute right hemisphere stroke were tested for motor extinction by pressing a counter ...
Buschmann Claas T - - 2012
We report three autopsy cases of wide-spread myocardial necrosis with calcification in pediatric patients after temporary generalized hypoxia and initially successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation, but subsequent in-hospital death. Autopsy and histological workup in all three cases showed multiple circumscribed calcified and necrotic areas in progressive stages of organization within the myocardium. ...
Suzuki Takamaro - - 2012
This report describes the case of a 47-year-old man who shot himself in the left side of the chest in an attempted suicide, and was transferred to the hospital. Two gunshot wounds were found in the left side of the chest and the back. CT scans revealed left hemopneumothorax, the ...
Koivuniemi R - - 2013
To study cardiovascular autopsy findings and the lifetime prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In 369 RA patients and their reference cases without any rheumatic disease (non-RA), we studied CVDs recorded on autopsy reports at consecutive autopsies from 1952 to 1991. From autopsy referrals by ...
Cohle Stephen D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Amphetamines have been reported to cause myocardial infarct, cerebral hemorrhage, aortic dissection, hypertension, vasculitis, aneurysms, and, occasionally, death from direct toxicity. To date, there have been no reports of coronary intimal hyperplasia in an amphetamine user. METHODS: A 29-year-old male was found collapsed after jogging. He had been taking ...
Opdahl Anders - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Peak left ventricular (LV) untwisting rate (UTR) has been introduced as a clinical marker of diastolic function. This study investigates if early-diastolic load and restoring forces are determinants of UTR in addition to rate of LV relaxation. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 10 anesthetized dogs we measured UTR by sonomicrometry ...
Grothoff Matthias - - 2012
Systemic right ventricle (RV) hypertrophy and impaired function occur after atrial switch for dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA). Echocardiography is limited in its ability to assess the RV. We sought to evaluate systemic RV myocardial-mass index (MMI) and function after atrial switch and to analyse the role of hypertrophy ...
Siefert Andrew W AW The Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, 313 Ferst Dr., Atlanta, GA 30332, - - 2012
Limited knowledge exists regarding the forces which act on devices implanted to the heart's mitral valve. Developing a transducer to measure the peak force magnitudes, time rates of change, and relationship with left ventricular pressure will aid in device development. A novel force transducer was developed and implanted in the ...
Frater Robert W M - - 2011
During the normal opening and closing of the mitral valve there is a finely tuned interaction between the changing ventricular dimensions and fluid pressures, the movement of papillary muscles apically, posteriorly and apart during diastole and in the opposite direction during systole, interactions between leaflets and their controlling cords, and ...
Tandon Himanshu - - 2011
Echocardiography remains the best non invasive tool for identifying patients who may have impaired filling of the left ventricle or diastolic dysfunction. The most accurate echocardiographic modality that reveals normal and abnormal diastolic function is doppler tissue imaging (DTI), and more recently, strain imaging. The complex and user intense DTI ...
Castiglioni Paolo - - 2011
Seismocardiography is the body-surface recording of vibrations produced by the beating heart. A high frequency (HF) accelerometric component of the seismocardiogram (SCG) is related to the heart sounds generated by the closure of atrio-ventricular and semilunar valves. This paper evaluates the feasibility of recording the SCG component associated to cardiac ...
Codreanu Ion I Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford, United Kingdom. - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to obtain new details of three-dimensional left ventricular wall motion related to ventricular remodeling in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Cardiac-gated, phase-contrast measurements using navigator-gated, high temporal resolution, tissue phase mapping were obtained on 19 patients (66 ± 7 years old) ...
Obeyesekere Manoj - - 2011
Inadvertent capture of the atrium will lead to spurious results during para-Hisian pacing. We sought to establish whether the stimulation-to-atrial electrogram interval at the proximal coronary sinus (stim-PCS) or high right atrium (stim-HRA) could signal inadvertent atrial capture. Para-Hisian pacing with and without intentional atrial capture was performed in 31 ...
Lardizabal Joel A - - 2011
The case of a patient presenting with acute inferior ST-elevation myocardial infarction is described. Emergent coronary angiography of the right coronary artery revealed what appeared to be the abrupt drainage of contrast into a large, peculiar cavity or chamber. Echocardiography and cardiac computed tomography demonstrated a giant right coronary aneurysm ...
Brockman Richard - - 2011
Abstract Passionate love is a powerful emotional/biological force. So too is heart-break a powerful emotional/biological force. This article studies the neurobiological underpinnings of the two. The argument is that passionate love is best understood not as an affective dysregulation but rather as an addiction. And similarly that heart-break is best ...
Pauly Daniel F - - 2011
The author has no funding, financial relationships, or conflicts of interest to disclose.
Kesner Samuel B - - 2011
Recent developments in cardiac catheter technology promise to allow physicians to perform most cardiac interventions without stopping the heart or opening the chest. However, current cardiac devices, including newly developed catheter robots, are unable to accurately track and interact with the fast moving cardiac tissue without applying potentially damaging forces. ...
Chang Chung-Yi - - 2011
Aorto-left ventricular tunnel (ALVT) is a rare congenital malformation. We report an unusual case of ALVT with a large interventricular septal aneurysm causing severe aortic regurgitation and left ventricular outflow obstruction diagnosed with real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3D TEE). Real time 3D TEE allows for assessment and novel views ...
Demirozu Zumrut T - - 2010
Left ventricular pseudoaneurysm is a rare lesion that occurs when a contained free-wall rupture occurs after a transmural myocardial infarction. Such a pseudoaneurysm may be lethal if subsequent rupture or progressive heart failure occurs. We describe a 67-year-old man who, one year after undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting, developed an ...
Patel Vinod - - 2010
We report the case of a 72-year-old woman who developed new onset right ventricular failure after redo aortic valve replacement. The diagnosis of left to right shunt was initially made using two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2DTTE) and 2D transesophageal echo with color Doppler (TEE). Definite diagnosis of aorto-right atrial and aorto-right ...
Kato Takayoshi - - 2010
A 72-year-old man underwent post-infarction ventricular septal defect repair. Postoperatively, he required prolonged ventilation and could not be weaned from positive-pressure-assisted ventilation because of intractable bilateral pleural effusions. Conservative therapy was ineffective. After instituting pleuroperitoneal shunting, the patient could be weaned easily from a respirator.
Ikonomidis Ignatios - - 2011
Congenital aneurysms of the left ventricle (LV) are rare cardiac abnormalities and in most instances, are asymptomatic. However, some patients may present cardiac rupture, tamponade, ventricular arrhythmias, and eventually sudden death. Herein, we describe a case of a 64-year-old male patient who was hospitalized for critical limb ischaemia because of ...
Lopes Ricardo - - 2011
Cardiac surgery is the second most frequent aetiology of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm (LVP). Left ventricular apical venting is a recognized cause of LVP. Prompt surgical treatment is usually needed since there is a high risk of rupture and spontaneous closure is very rare. We describe a case of spontaneous closure ...
Song Yeon - - 2010
A 56-year-old female with history of mitral valve replacement and automated implantable cardioverter-defibrillator placement presented with dyspnea on exertion for two years and recurrent ascites. Imaging studies, including transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiograms as well as 64-slice computed tomography (CT) angiogram revealed a large mass encasing the entire heart consistent with ...
Eme John - - 2010
The functional and possible adaptive significance of non-avian reptiles' dual aortic arch system and the ability of all non-avian reptiles to perform central vascular cardiac shunts have been of great interest to comparative physiologists. The unique cardiac anatomy of crocodilians - a four-chambered heart with the dual aortic arch system ...
Fotbolcu H - - 2010
A 74-year-old man presented with chest pain and dyspnoea at the cardiology outpatient clinic. His past medical history included an anterior myocardial infarction in 2008. In the coronary angiogram, a 'halo image' was seen right after the injection of the contrast agent, and it corresponded with the location of the ...
Yoo Dale - - 2011
Atrial dissections and pseudoaneurysms are rare complications of cardiac surgery. The authors describe the case of a patient after mitral valve replacement who presented with a left atrial appendage pseudoaneurysm. This case represents the first known closure of an atrial pseudoaneurysm with a percutaneous septal occluder device.
Sinisalo Juha P - - 2011
Left ventricular to right atrial (LV-RA) shunt is an unusual type of ventricular septal defect (VSD). This article concentrates on acquired LV-RA shunts, which may be due to complications of cardiac operation, endocarditis, trauma or myocardial infarction. A previous cardiac operation is its most common cause. The diagnosis of LV-RA ...
Kawarai Shun-ichi - - 2010
We describe an extremely rare cardiac lipoma, with electrocardiographic changes in ST segments and T waves, suggesting ischemic heart disease. The abnormal electrocardiogram was identified during a routine physical examination of an asymptomatic 57-year-old man. Coronary angiography showed no stenotic or occlusive lesions in the coronary arteries except that the ...
Prakash Sumi - - 2010
Left ventricular (LV) pseudoaneurysm (PS) is an uncommon, often fatal complication associated with myocardial infarction, cardiothoracic surgery, trauma, and, rarely, infective endocarditis. A 28-year-old man with prior history of bioprosthetic mitral valve replacement presented with congestive heart failure and bacteremia with Abiotrophia granulitica. Transesophageal echocardiogram showed bioprosthesis dysfunction, large vegetations, ...
Deja Marek A - - 2010
We present the case of a 47-year-old man who presented with asymptomatic ischemic cardiomyopathy. His left ventricular end-diastolic volume (EDV) measured 302 ml, ejection fraction (EF) was 30%, and a large akinetic area with no typical aneurysm was present. He was managed medically but within three years his ventricle remodeled, ...
Currie Andrew - - 2010
Left ventricular pseudoaneurysms can occur after myocardial infarction or trauma, but are extremely rare in pediatric patients. We present a case of post-traumatic left ventricular pseudoaneurysm, in whom the causative event was some time before the acute clinical deterioration. The 9-year-old boy had repeated presentations for chest pain and lethargy ...
Subramanian Subhashini - - 2010
We report a 15-month old girl with acute myocardial infarction 3 months after treatment for Kawasaki disease (KD); she had no coronary aneurysms. In the first 2 months after KD, she had normal electrocardiograms (ECGs) and echocardiograms that showed mildly dilated coronary arteries. At 3 months, she was asymptomatic but ...
Lücke Christian - - 2010
To retrospectively assess the prevalence and functional relevance of lipomatous metaplasia (LM) of the left ventricle in patients with chronic ischaemic heart disease (CIHD) using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) with steady state free precession (SSFP) sequences. We examined 315 patients (248 male, mean age 63 +/- 10 years) with ...
Fan Hongguang - - 2010
Our objective was to introduce a new index to evaluate left ventricular aneurysm by quantitative analysis of left ventricular apical geometry. A total of 116 selected subjects underwent magnetic resonance imaging, 28 healthy volunteers, 29 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, and 59 patients with ischemic heart disease (26 with left ventricular ...
Corda Luciano - - 2010
Alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency (A1ATD) is usually linked to chronic lung dysfunction and chronic liver disease. Recent evidence have shown involvement also of the cardiovascular system. Indeed, dissection of the thoracic aorta or of the coronary arteries, and intra-cerebral aneurysms has been shown to represent concomitant vascular adverse events and apparently related ...
Castilla Elena - - 2010
Pseudoaneurysm of the left ventricle (LV) is a rare cardiac disease that occurs after myocardial infarction or cardiac surgery. Because patients frequently present with nonspecific symptoms, a high index of suspicion is needed to make the diagnosis. This report describes an unusual case demonstrating a large LV pseudoaneurysm after mitral ...
Mukhopadhayay Saibal - - 2010
We report a rare case of a 25-year-old asymptomatic female who was referred for evaluation of a cardiac murmur. She had recent history of treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis. On investigation, she was diagnosed with left ventricular pseudoaneurysm (PSA) likely secondary to rupture of myocardial tubercular abscess. She was operated successfully ...
Moharana Manoj K - - 2010
Occurrence of left ventricular aneurysm outside the realm of ischemic heart disease is uncommon and one following an iatrogenic trauma is very rare. We describe one such case of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm developing following pericardiocentesis and presenting one year after the procedure, and its successful surgical management.
Catena Emanuele - - 2010
We report a case of anterior left ventricular pseudoaneurysm and associated interventricular septal defect, following myocardial infarction. This report shows an unusual clinical presentation, successful echocardiographic management and surgical findings. Echocardiography appeared to be a useful technique, safe and specific for the diagnosis of a rare complication of myocardial infarction. ...
Samada Kazunori - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Many Kawasaki disease (KD) patients have reached adulthood in Japan. The current status of adult patients who have giant coronary aneurysms with KD is not well understood. METHODS: Medical records of 48 KD patients (33 males and 15 females) with giant coronary aneurysms (maximum coronary artery internal diameter >8 ...
Raja Shahzad G - - 2010
A best evidence topic in congenital cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was: in hypoplastic left heart patients is Sano shunt compared with modified Blalock-Taussig (mBT) shunt associated with deleterious effects on ventricular performance? Sano shunt modification of Norwood procedure involves construction of a ...
Saleh Tarek - - 2010
Left ventricular thrombi usually occur in the setting of an acute myocardial infarction, left ventricular aneurysm, or dilated cardiomyopathy. In the absence of ventricular wall motion abnormalities, they are rare. This report describes a patient with ulcerative colitis in whom two-dimensional echocardiography revealed a left intraventricular mass. Thrombosis in ulcerative ...
Letsou George V - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery shunting during off-pump coronary artery bypass OPCAB procedures has been addressed only infrequently. To assess the protective effect of shunting, we examined CABG patients' postoperative cardiac enzyme levels and preoperative and postoperative ejection fractions. METHODS: During OPCAB, we selectively shunted the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) ...
Yagi Shusuke - - 2010
Congenital ventricular diverticulum (CVD) in adults is a rare cardiac malformation, which includes fibrous type congenital ventricular aneurysm (CVA). CVA is often clinically asymptomatic and shows no abnormality in the electrocardiogram or chest X-ray. However, some cases of sudden death resulting from ventricular tachycardia, cardiac embolism or ventricular rupture have ...
Fazio Giovanni - - 2010
The foramen ovale, an atrial septal defect which is essential in the fetal circulation, remains patent through adulthood in approximately 25% of the general population and so it represents the most common persistent abnormality of fetal origin. Patent foramen ovale (PFO) allows interatrial right-to-left blood shunting during those periods of ...
Yu Teng-Hung - - 2010
Here, we present a case of Salmonella infection in a post-myocardial infarction patient with a left ventricular aneurysm and mural thrombus. This is a rare case that was successfully treated with medicinal therapy alone. Our experience with this case documents the early spontaneous drainage of the myocardial abscess by 8 ...
Safaei N - - 2010
This study was performed to compare the early postoperative results of off Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (OPCABG) with or without using Intra Coronary Shunt (ICS). We randomized 208 patients scheduled for OPCABG into shunt group (group 1, n = 104) and no-shunt group (group 2, n = 104). The ...
Safi Morteza - - 2010
The majority of coronary artery aneurysms in young adults and children are caused by Kawasaki disease. A case of undiagnosed childhood Kawasaki disease presenting as silent myocardial infarction during adolescence, which was successfully treated with coronary artery bypass grafting, is described. The present case is followed by a review of ...
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