Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 841
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Drake J M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Forty percent of standard cerebrospinal fluid shunts implanted for the treatment of pediatric hydrocephalus fail within the first year. Two new shunt valves designed to limit excess flow, particularly in upright positions, were studied to compare treatment failure rates with those for standard differential-pressure valves. METHODS: Three hundred-forty-four hydrocephalic ...
Pepper C - - 1998
The symptomatic presentation of an unruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is rare. A 48 year old man with a history of treated hypothyroidism, and a five year history of ileocolonic Crohn's disease of chronic low grade activity presented with a profound left hemiplegia. He was in sinus rhythm and normotensive. ...
Whyte M K - - 1998
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Severe hypoxaemia in patients with chronic liver disease in the absence of intrinsic lung disease, the hepatopulmonary syndrome, is associated with pulmonary vascular dilatation and may be an indication for liver transplantation. Divergence between two methods of measuring right to left shunt (radiolabelled albumin macroaggregates and 100% oxygen breathing) ...
Meier J H - - 1998
We present a descriptive compendium of anatomically interrelated aneurysms and aneurysmal-like structures arising in and around the left ventricular outflow tract. Images selected from the Mayo Clinic echocardiography database illustrate classic or typical examples of each entity. Essential morphologic features of each lesion are described. Clinical presentation, causes, and diagnostic ...
Reinecke H - - 1998
Successful recanalisation of the left anterior descending coronary artery was performed in a 51 year old man who was admitted two weeks after acute anterior myocardial infarction. Fourteen days later, the patient developed Dressler's syndrome with cardiac tamponade, which was immediately punctured. Sternotomy was performed after two weeks because of ...
Sawaji Y - - 1998
BACKGROUND: To determine the usefulness of the IgG z-score (age and sex-standardized serum IgG level) before intravenous gamma globulin therapy (IVGG) in predicting the occurrence or severity of coronary complications in Kawasaki disease (KD). METHODS: A case-control study of clinical and laboratory findings with 88 children in the early stage ...
Lo S S - - 1998
Infection of the mural endocardium within a left ventricular aneurysm without valvular involvement is exceedingly rare. The presenting clinical features can be non-specific, and a high index of suspicion is required for its diagnosis. Delay in diagnosis invariably leads to a fatal outcome. Although no controlled studies are available to ...
Rosenkranz S - - 1998
This report describes a 61-year-old female with an anomalous drainage of the right superior vena cava into the left atrium. The patient presented progressively severe dyspnea and precordial pain on exertion, lightheadedness, easy fatiguability and a constant decline in her performance but normal cardiac and pulmonary findings. Following a suspicious ...
Brockman D J - - 1998
An unusual congenital portosystemic shunt was identified in one dog and two cats with clinical signs and laboratory evidence of hepatic dysfunction. In all the animals, the abnormal vessel arose from the portal system between the left medial and quadrate liver lobes and travelled within the falciform fat, exiting the ...
Katoh S - - 1998
Left ventricular pseudoaneurysm following acute myocardial infarction generally has an extremely poor prognosis without surgical repair. A rare case of long term survival for 23 years following cardiac rupture with subsequent development of a left ventricular pseudoaneurysm after acute myocardial infarction is reported. The patient suffered acute inferoposterior myocardial infarction ...
Evans N - - 1998
AIMS: To examine the hypothesis that right to left shunting occurs mainly in the lungs rather than through the fetal channels in neonates. METHODS: Thirty two term babies requiring over 70% oxygen had daily colour Doppler echocardiograms until recovery. Measurements included left ventricular fractional shortening, right and left ventricular outputs, ...
Straumann E - - 1998
We report on a patient with a giant aneurysm arising from the right coronary artery leading to infarction due to a steal phenomenon. Emergency coronary angiography was performed. The orifice of the aneurysm was occluded by balloon catheter restoring blood flow and resolving ischemia. Aneurysmectomie was done subsequently. The patient ...
Yeo T C - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Cardiac pseudoaneurysm, a contained cardiac rupture, predisposes patients to further rupture. However, knowledge of the clinical profile and natural history of this cardiac complication is limited. OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical features and outcomes of patients with cardiac pseudoaneurysm. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of patients with cardiac pseudoaneurysm seen between ...
Inanir S - - 1998
High-output cardiac failure is one of the cardiovascular problems associated with multiple myeloma and frequently seen in patients with extensive bone lesions. The purpose of this study was to search arteriovenous shunting in patients with multiple myeloma and cardiac failure. METHODS: After the exclusion of other causes of congestive heart ...
Pfafferott C - - 1997
A 20 year old woman with acute myocardial infarction exhibited a huge aneurysm of the left main coronary artery that was occluded by a large intraluminal thrombus. After exclusion of other vascular or systemic diseases, atypical Kawasaki syndrome was diagnosed. Other major symptoms usually required for this diagnosis were absent. ...
Hertz S M - - 1997
Ultrasound-guided compression of femoral pseudoaneurysms has often obviated the need for open operative repair. Increasing use of percutaneous interventional cardiac procedures has created pseudoaneurysms with a large-caliber arterial defect, often in patients who are placed immediately on anticoagulation therapy. This report describes the prospectively collected information from our vascular laboratory ...
Dor V - - 1997
Analyzing 16 recent (1993 to 1997) references devoted to left ventricular aneurysm or wall motion abnormality after myocardial infarct, it appears that 1) cardiologists are on their way to detecting earlier the bad evolution of left ventricular geometry after myocardial infarct, 2) a great number of cardiac surgeons are using ...
Ozawa A - - 1997
A previously healthy 64-year-old woman attended our hospital with chest pain, facial edema, and general fatigue. A chest radiograph revealed cardiomegaly, small bilateral pleural effusions, and hilar congestion--findings that improved after early therapy with furosemide and methyldigoxin. A chest radiograph recorded 7 years earlier had revealed no dilation of cardiac ...
Maniker A H - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Neurosarcoid is known to develop in 5% of patients with sarcoidosis. A frequent manifestation of this condition is hydrocephalus, which will often require treatment with a ventricular shunt. METHODS: Presented here is the case of a patient whose initial manifestation of neurosarcoidosis was hydrocephalus, and who then represented with ...
Csapo K - - 1997
Left ventricular wall rupture after myocardial infarction is a mechanical complication that may result in a pseudoaneurysm. Between January 1994 and October 1996, false or pseudoaneurysms were detected in 6 (0.0026%) of 2,600 consecutive patients (4 women, 2 men; mean age 59.4 years) undergoing cardiac catheterization at University Medical School, ...
Aitken E M - - 1997
Spontaneous spinal epidural haematoma can occur in the elderly and is a reversible cause of neurological deficit if treated promptly. The diagnosis can be made from a careful history and a simple neurological examination, but it can be confused with myocardial infarct, musculoskeletal pain, vasculitis and acute dissection of an ...
Horner S - - 1997
The prevalence of a right-to-left intracardiac shunt, demonstrated by echocardiography and transcranial Doppler sonography has been shown to be higher in stroke patients than in normal controls. The aim of this study was to assess the sensitivity and specificity of contrast transcranial Doppler sonography in comparison to transesophageal echocardiography in ...
Maselli D - - 1997
A left ventricular aneurysm can develop in patients sustaining blunt chest injury. This condition has been attributed to myocardial contusion or to a direct vascular lesion leading to myocardial necrosis. We report the case of a pseudoaneurysm resulting from myocardial dissection beginning from a small tear in the endocardial wall. ...
Cavallé-Garrido T - - 1997
Due to the rarity of congenital ventricular diverticula and aneurysms, their natural history remains unclear. An excellent prognosis has been suggested for those cases diagnosed during fetal life: From October 1992 to January 1996 seven fetuses were diagnosed with ventricular diverticula or aneurysms. Gestational age ranged from 18 to 36 ...
Otsuka M - - 1997
We encountered an unusual case of acute myocardial infarction due to obstruction of a coronary aneurysm in a 38-year-old Japanese man. Although thrombolysis and rescue percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, performed in the acute phase, did not result in recanalization, serial angiography and intravascular ultrasonography showed spontaneous recanalization and partial thrombosis ...
Delgado C - - 1997
A 65-year-old man was readmitted to the hospital with deep-vein thrombophlebitis 3 weeks after suffering a small infarction. Two days after the patient was readmitted severe symptoms of cardiac failure developed. Transthoracic echocardiographic examination showed an unusual echo-free space adjacent to the lateral wall of the left atrium. No further ...
Rose A G AG Department of Anatomical Pathology, Groote Schuur - - 1997
The co-existence in a young child of long-standing Takayasu's arteritis, chronic myocarditis and a false aneurysm of the left ventricle raises the possibility that a common inflammatory process may have accounted for all three findings. The unique combination of pathology observed in this patient may provide further evidence that widens ...
Raymer K - - 1997
PURPOSE: Subarachnoid haemorrhage is frequently associated with myocardial injury and dysfunction. This report describes such a case, reviews the understanding of this phenomenon, and discusses the implications for timing of surgical clipping of intracranial aneurysm in patients with concurrent myocardial damage. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 64-yr-old women presented with syncope and ...
Takeuchi Masaaki - - 1997
Left ventricular pseudoaneurysm after mitral valve replacement (MVR) is a rare but clinically significant complication. We report a case of two distinct left ventricular pseudoaneurysms after re-MVR, which was correctly diagnosed by two-dimensional echocardiography, and subsequently confirmed by surgery.
Dor V - - 1997
The term dyskinesia refers to a post-ischemic fibrous area of ventricle that moves in a paradoxical manner during ventricular systole and diastole, ie, an aneurysm. Akinesia indicates that such an area of scarred ventricle exhibits no movement during either systole or diastole. In the past, it has been considered extremely ...
Dor V - - 1997
The endoventricular circular patch plasty (EVCPP) technique was first used by us in 1984 to re-establish a more normal morphology of the left ventricular cavity distorted by post-myocardial infarction scar tissue. This technique includes the placement of a subendocardial circumferential pursestring suture inside the left ventricle around the base of ...
Espinola-Zavaleta Nilda - - 1997
An aneurysm, pseudoaneurysm, and interventricular septal rupture were detected by transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in a 61-year-old man with anterior myocardial infarction. This case illustrates the value of these techniques in the assessment of mechanical complications associated with myocardial infarction.
Devuyst G - - 1997
All studies concerning the detection of patent foramen ovale (PFO) have compared transthoracic or transesophageal echocardiography (c-TEE) to transcranial Doppler ultrasound after contrast injection (c-TCD), but combining both techniques in the search of PFO has received no consideration. Our study aims to substantiate this claim in 37 patients with cryptogenic ...
Pokela R - - 1997
A consecutive series of 28 patients operated on at the Oulu University Hospital during the years 1974-1994 for aneurysms of the descending thoracic aorta is presented. Twenty-five cases were elective and three were operated on as emergencies. Their mean age was 58 years. During the aortic cross-clamp, circulatory support of ...
Watarida S - - 1996
The patient was a 64-year-old man who was treated surgically for an infarct-related ventricular septal perforation. Pseudoaneurysm of the left ventricle was recognized on the 38th postoperative day. Emergency surgery was performed. It seemed that insufficient resection of the infarcted myocardium was performed during the initial surgery to avoid narrowing ...
Ferreira A C - - 1996
We report a patient with an undiagnosed left sinus of Valsalva aneurysm who, during a dobutamine stress test, had myocardial injury and subsequent infarction. Cardiac catheterization revealed an expanding sinus of valsalva aneurysm compressing the circumflex coronary artery. The clinical manifestations of sinus of Valsalva aneurysm are discussed. This report ...
See W A - - 1996
We report a case of refractory lymphatic ascites following retroperitoneal lymph node dissection and venacavectomy. Placement of a Denver peritoneal venous shunt resulted in resolution of the ascites and marked improvement in the patient's nutritional parameters. Shunt occlusion 2 months following placement demonstrated no recurrence of the ascites. This technique ...
Kimura M - - 1996
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of Doppler ultrasonography (US) as a noninvasive method for monitoring patency of the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). METHODS: Twenty-nine patients who had received TIPS for bleeding esophagogastric varices and/or refractory ascites with portal hypertension underwent Doppler US studies within 2 weeks after TIPS. Further ...
Tweddell J S - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Elevation of pulmonary vascular resistance as a consequence of cardiopulmonary bypass may lead to failure of single-ventricle palliation. We reviewed our experience with aprotinin, a nonspecific serine protease inhibitor, to determine whether it could ameliorate the inflammatory effects of cardiopulmonary bypass and improve outcome of single-ventricle palliation. METHODS: Forty-six ...
Sandison A J - - 1996
This study was a 4-year prospective audit of abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery including 222 aneurysm repairs: 106 elective, 76 urgent and 40 emergency. Twenty-five patients died: four who underwent elective surgery, seven urgent and 14 emergency. The two major causes of death, multiple organ failure and colonic ischaemia, were responsible ...
Szczerbicki M R - - 1996
A new technique using an echocardiographic examination for preoperative visual assessment of the right atrium as an aid to accurate placement of a cardiac tube in a ventriculoatrial shunt is described. This method provides correct localization of the tube end, is safe for the patient, and is repeatable in the ...
Kato H - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The long-term consequences of the cardiovascular sequelae in Kawasaki disease remain uncertain. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified 594 consecutive children with acute Kawasaki disease between 1973 and 1983, and this cohort was followed up for 10 to 21 years (mean, 13.6 years). In all patients, we evaluated coronary lesions ...
Rosemurgy A S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The authors compare transjugular intrahepatic portasystemic stent shunts (TIPS) to small-diameter prosthetic H-graft portacaval shunts (HGPCS). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Transjugular intrahepatic portasystemic stent shunts have been embraced as a first-line therapy in the treatment of bleeding varices due to portal hypertension, although they have not been compared to operatively ...
Newman J N JN - - 1996
A patient without a history of heart disease was seen in our institution after 3-week history of progressive weakness, dyspnea, and orthopnea. Transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated inferoposterobasal akinesis and a left ventricular to right atrial shunt through the coronary sinus, which was confirmed on cardiac catheterization. This is only the second ...
Sa─čkan O - - 1996
Most cardiac aneurysms develop after myocardial infarction. Calcification in the aneurysmal wall is seen rarely. In this case report the authors present a thirty-nine-year-old man, who had been free from symptoms until eight months before, when he began to experience palpitations due to monomorphic sustained ventricular tachycardia. A chest roentgenogram ...
Chatterjee T - - 1996
Femoral artery pseudoaneurysm is a significant problem in patients undergoing arterial diagnostic or therapeutic catheterization. The aim of this investigation was to report the incidence of pseudoaneurysm after arterial catheterization and the success rate of ultra-sound-guided compression repair. During a 3-year period (11/91-11/94) 9,051 patients underwent 7,312 cardiac catheterizations and ...
AbuRahma A F - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The heart is the main source of arterial emboli (> 80%). The majority of remaining sources are arterioarterial or of unknown origin, with each accounting for 5% to 10% of cases. This study covers an 8-year period and analyzes the etiology of arterial emboli of the extremities, with emphasis ...
Drake J M - - 1996
Cerebrospinal fluid shunt failure remains a common and at times overwhelming problem in pediatric patients with hydrocephalus. Two new shunt valve designs, the Orbis-Sigma (Cordis Corporation, Miami, Florida) and the Delta valve (PS Medical, Goletta, California), have flow/pressure characteristics dramatically different from those of standard differential pressure valves which have ...
Sun K O - - 1996
A case of myocardial infarction following a distal splenorenal shunt, a selective portal-systemic shunt, in a cirrhotic patient is reported. The post-operative cardiac morbidity was probably related to the hyperdynamic cardiovascular state associated with liver cirrhosis and the increase in intramyocardial tension upon formation of the distal splenorenal shunt.
Koutlas T C - - 1996
A number of patients with complex congenital heart disease who were initially palliated with a classic Glenn shunt subsequently underwent modified Fontan procedures. This report discusses the operative management of complete occlusion of right atrial-to-right ventricular conduits in patients with patent classic Glenn shunts. The literature is reviewed regarding similar ...
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