Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 842
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Erdöl C - - 2001
Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is a relatively rare disease that may cause angina, myocardial infarction, sudden death due to thrombosis, embolisation, or rupture. This report describes the case of a man aged 65 years old who had an anterior myocardial infarction due to left anterior descending artery (LAD) aneurysm. We ...
Donaldson J W - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Although subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is often associated with electrocardiographic abnormalities, profound effects on cardiac performance are rare. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 57-year-old woman who developed loss of consciousness, respiratory distress, severe hypotension, and left ventricular hypokinesis with minimal coronary artery disease is described. Despite normal appearance of the coronary arteries ...
Burns K E - - 2001
A coronary arteriovenous fistula is a congenital or acquired coronary artery anomaly in which blood is shunted into a cardiac chamber, great vessel or other structure, superceding the myocardial capillary network. The clinical presentation may be heralded by the development of dyspnea, congestive heart failure, angina, endocarditis, dysrhythmias or myocardial ...
Cheung D L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Opinions vary as to whether operation should be offered patients with coronary artery fistula, particularly to those who are asymptomatic. Published studies lacked long-term follow-up data. METHODS: We studied 41 patients with coronary artery fistula operated in our unit in the past 30 years with restudies including coronary angiograms ...
Ansari A - - 2001
An injection study was carried out in sheep hearts to compare the anatomy and distribution of Thebesian veins (venae cordis minimae) in the ventricles. The left azygos, middle cardiac, small cardiac, and anterior cardiac veins were ligated in 36 hearts, and India ink was injected into the right coronary artery ...
Drake J M - - 2000
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts were invented almost 50 years ago. While their introduction revolutionized the treatment of hydrocephalus, their complications have become legendary, and the focus of much investigation and development of new devices. New devices have been based upon improved understanding of the pathophysiology of hydrocephalus or shunt complications. ...
Kestle J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: A previously reported multicenter randomized trial assessed whether 2 new shunt valve designs would reduce shunt failure rates compared to differential pressure valves. The study did not show a significant difference in the time to first shunt failure. Patients entered the trial between October 1, 1993, and October 31, ...
Rosemurgy A S - - 2000
We report herein the results of extended follow-up of an expanded randomized clinical trial comparing transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) to 8 mm prosthetic H-graft portacaval shunt as definitive treatment for variceal bleeding due to portal hypertension. Beginning in 1993, through this trial, both shunts were undertaken as definitive therapy, ...
Galal M O - - 2000
An infant developed severe desaturation within a few hours of construction of a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt. Echocardiography revealed that the shunt had become occluded, and this was confirmed angiographically. At catheterisation, therefore, we passed a 0.014" percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty wire through the occluded shunt into the right pulmonary artery ...
Lamour J M - - 2000
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) can occur following caval to pulmonary artery connection, Glenn and/or Fontan procedure, leading to severe cyanosis and exercise intolerance. It is unknown whether these abnormalities regress or persist following heart transplantation (HTx). Twenty patients with failed Fontan or Glenn procedures were screened for PAVMs prior to ...
Marenco J - - 2000
We report the percutaneous transcatheter closure of a patent foramen ovale using an Amplatzer septal occluder in a rare patient with carcinoid heart disease involving both the right and left heart who presented with severe hypoxemia secondary to intra-atrial shunting. We believe this is the first report of this technique ...
Uemura H - - 2000
We found right-to-left shunts through the cardiac veins postoperatively in 2 patients who had undergone the Fontan procedure. In one of the patients, channels were present through the cardiac veins independent of the coronary sinus. In the other patient, an atretic orifice for the coronary sinus, coupled with a persistent ...
Stendel R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Venous air embolism has been reported to occur in 23-45% of patients undergoing neurosurgical procedures in the sitting position. If venous air embolism occurs, a patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a risk factor for paradoxical air embolism and its sequelae. Preoperative screening for a PFO is therefore recommended by ...
Moore J W - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO) for transcatheter closure of fenestrations and excluded hepatic veins in patients after modified Fontan operations. Residual right-to-left shunts have improved surgical results of the Fontan operation. Shunt closure may eventually be desirable to eliminate hypoxemia and ...
Prêtre R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: We present a review of our experience with acquired pseudoaneurysms of the left ventricle in order to establish the risk of surgical repair. METHODS: Ten patients operated upon for a left ventricular pseudoaneurysm in our clinic between 1984 and 1999 were reviewed. The pseudoaneurysm, a complication of myocardial infarction ...
Hancock J H - - 2000
A patient presented with the clinical features of a brain stem infarct. MRI confirmed changes of infarction but also revealed an unusual lesion in the left cerebellopontine angle cistern. The evolution of this lesion on MRI, together with angiographic changes, indicated a dissecting aneurysm of the left anterior inferior cerebellar ...
Bauer M - - 2000
This report describes the treatment of a patient who developed a chest-wall penetrating pseudoaneurysm 3 years after coronary bypass grafting and after the resection of a lateral wall left ventricular aneurysm twice. The patient presented with a pulsatile tumor in the left submammilar region. Surgery was done in deep hypothermia, ...
Droste D W - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cardiac right-to-left shunts can be identified by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and by transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) with the use of contrast agents and a Valsalva maneuver (VM) as provocation procedure. Currently, data on the appropriate timing of the VM, the use of a diagnostic time window, and ...
Dixon S R - - 2000
We report the case of a ventricular septal aneurysm in a patient with a previous inferior myocardial infarction. Two-dimensional echocardiography demonstrated a cystic cavity in the muscular septum with a small communication into the left ventricle. No evidence of left-to-right shunt was detected with Doppler echocardiography or during left ventriculography.
Fanelli R D - - 2000
Ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) placement is an important therapeutic technique. Placement of the abdominal portion of VPS can be difficult in the setting of previous abdominal surgery, prior failure of VPS, or obesity. Even under ideal circumstances, standard mini-laparotomy does not allow precision in VPS positioning. We describe a single-port technique ...
Krendel S - - 2000
Children rarely present to emergency physicians during an acute myocardial infarction. However, this may occur in the setting of Kawasaki disease with thrombosed coronary aneurysms. We present the first case in which intravenous tissue plasminogen activator was used to successfully treat a 7-year-old child having an acute myocardial infarction caused ...
van Lier D - - 2000
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an uncommon cause of sudden death in young adults in Europe. Angiographically, the disease is characterized by coronary artery aneurysms which can be fully obstructed by acute thrombosis or by progression of the disease. If diagnosis of KD is made, immediate investigation should be made to ...
Kastner D - - 2000
A 35-year-old man with a history of polyarteritis nodosa is presented. The patient presented with acute anterolateral myocardial infarction that was complicated by diffuse coronary artery aneurysms found during cardiac catheterization. The complication of acute myocardial infarction in a patient with diffuse coronary artery aneurysms associated with polyarteritis nodosa is ...
Iemura M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the long term consequences of regressed aneurysms after Kawasaki disease, using follow up coronary angiography; to assess the vascular wall morphology at the site of the aneurysms by intravascular ultrasound imaging; and to evaluate the function of the affected vessels using intracoronary infusions of acetylcholine and isosorbide ...
Jan S L - - 2000
The modified Blalock-Taussig (B-T) shunt is well recognized as a palliative procedure for cyanotic congenital heart disease in infants. Pseudoaneurysm formation after a modified B-T shunt is a rare complication. We present the case of a 9-month-old girl with tetralogy of Fallot who had undergone a modified left B-T shunt ...
Akashi Y - - 2000
A 61-year-old female, with a history of uterine and cervical cancer treated with radical hysterectomy and 2 years of postoperative chemotherapy, presented to the emergency department with dyspnea on exertion. Computed tomography of the chest revealed a large pericardial effusion and a sacciform aneurysm of the ascending aorta. The patient ...
Izawa A - - 2000
A 75-year-old woman presented with recurrent ventricular tachycardia (VT) compatible with torsades de pointes (TdP) based on sinus bradycardia and QT prolongation. Previously she had received pirmenol, at a serum concentration within therapeutic range, for her paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Emergent cardiac catheterization identified a ventricular aneurysm of the anteroapical and ...
Whitelaw A - - 2000
This section is under preparation and will be included in the next issue. To determine whether repeated CSF tapping, by lumbar puncture or ventricular tap, reduced the risk of permanent shunt dependence, neurodevelopmental disability or death in neonates at risk of, or actually developing, post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH). This form of ...
Surakiatchanukul S - - 1999
METHODS: 1. All patients had preoperative investigations including coronary angiography and left ventriculography. 2. Clinical symptoms, functional outcome and survival rate were analyzed from medical records, patient's follow-up visits, and communications from the referring physicians. 3. All survivors were assessed for clinical functional status and survival rate at the most ...
Meylaerts S A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To compare transcranial motor evoked potentials (tc-MEPs) and somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) as indicators of spinal cord function during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Somatosensory evoked potentials reflect conduction in dorsal columns. tc-MEPs represent anterior horn motor neuron function. This is the first study to compare the ...
Tuli S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The multicenter, randomized pediatric cerebrospinal fluid shunt valve design trial found no difference in the rate of shunt failure between a standard valve, a siphon-reducing valve (Delta; Medtronic PS Medical, Goleta, CA), and a flow-limiting valve (Orbis Sigma; Cordis, Miami, FL); however, the valves were expected to have different ...
Lee P J - - 1999
Ventricular pseudoaneurysms occur as complications of myocardial infarction, cardiac operations, trauma, and infective endocarditis. The process involves rupture of the ventricular wall where a structural weakness exists and containment of the blood by the pericardium. Although various malignancies may invade the heart, a pseudoaneurysm of the left ventricle caused by ...
Droste D W - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cardiac right-to-left shunts can be identified by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and by transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) with the use of different contrast agents and different provocation procedures. Currently, data on an appropriate time window for the appearance of contrast bubbles in the TCD recording after the injection ...
Breningstall G N - - 1999
During an evaluation for complicated migraine, a 14-year-old adolescent female was found to have a left frontoparietal cortical infarction on magnetic resonance imaging study. A transthoracic echocardiogram was normal, but a transesophageal echocardiogram, with contrast study, showed occasional right to left shunting through a patent foramen ovale. The role of ...
Imanaka K - - 1999
Thrombosis in the right ventricle occurred early after bidirectional superior cavopulmonary shunt in 2 patients with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum and major right ventricular coronary artery communication, and perioperative brain infarction occurred in 1 patient. Clinicians should be aware of the hazards of this potentially lethal complication, and ...
Premaratne S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: We report on sixteen patients with a left ventricular aneurysm presenting at less than a month following myocardial infarction. METHODS: All patients had significant left anterior descending coronary artery disease, and in eight cases (50%), this was the only significant pathology. Two patients who were treated conservatively, died within ...
Wada H - - 1999
We have made an eccentric roller type total artificial heart (ERTAH). The ERTAH is a positive-displacement device comparable to a DeBakey roller pump. Its left and right outputs are determined by the size of its blood chambers, and the ratio of its left and right output is almost constant. We ...
Alessandrini F - - 1999
Cardiac rupture represents a fatal complication of acute myocardial infarction within the first two weeks. In exceptional cases, the postinfarction rupture of the myocardium is not transmural but remains circumscribed within the wall itself as a cavity joined to the left ventricle through a narrow neck. This finding is usually ...
Lee P J - - 1999
Ventricular pseudoaneurysms occur as complications of myocardial infarction, heart surgery, trauma, and infective endocarditis. The process involves rupture of the ventricular wall where a structural weakness exists and containment of the blood by the pericardium. Although various malignancies may invade the heart, a pseudoaneurysm of the left ventricle caused by ...
Calabrò R - - 1999
Pseudoaneurysm of the right ventricular outflow tract is a rare lesion caused by disruption of the ventricular wall that allows the blood to leak into the surrounding space. It often complicates surgery involving right ventriculotomy and progressively increases in size, therefore causing airway compression, pulmonary perfusion asymmetry, thromboembolism, and rupture. ...
Abushaban L - - 1999
This study was undertaken to evaluate the incidence of coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) in Kawasaki disease (KD). We reviewed the clinical and echocardiographic findings of 135 children who presented to our center with KD between December 1986 and December 1997. The age of onset ranged between 3months to 13 years ...
Agirbasli Mehmet - - 1999
Pseudoaneurysms of the left ventricle are rare and may occur as a result of transmural myocardial infarction, chest trauma, cardiac surgery, or endocarditis. Although postinfarction pseudoaneurysms commonly arise in the mid and apical segments of the left ventricle, those resulting from endocarditis arise at the base of the heart. Here ...
Lucchetti V - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Beating heart coronary revascularization is becoming increasingly popular world-wide. Temporary occlusion of the coronary artery is often required in order to perform the anastomosis. An alternative method to maintain perfusion is to use an intracoronary shunt. In this study, we monitored global left ventricular function and regional wall motion ...
Matias A - - 1999
We report three cases of left ventricular aneurysm diagnosed prenatally and followed by fetal Doppler echocardiography. A review of the literature reveals a paucity of information about this rare cardiac malformation. Most of the described cases (6 out of 9) have remained asymptomatic during pregnancy and after birth. Our cases, ...
Zhao J - - 1999
We report 2 cases of congenital aneurysm, 1 of the left atrium and 1 of the left atrial appendage. The patients were 14 and 27 years of age, respectively. Their common symptoms were paroxysmal palpitations and dyspnea. Diagnoses were suggested by chest radiographic films that revealed prominent convexity at the ...
Peuster M - - 1998
Two babies with duct-dependent cyanotic congenital heart disease were palliated with modified Blalock-Taussig shunts. One patient was diagnosed to have tetralogy of Fallot, and the other patient, tricuspid atresia type Ia. Early postoperative arterial oxygen saturations dropped significantly due to shunt thrombosis. Both patients were successfully treated with angioplasty and ...
Gomez C - - 1998
This study is a retrospective review using transthoracic echocardiography to assess the success of fenestration closure as well as residual right to left shunts in 35 patients who underwent Fontan fenestration closure in the catheterization laboratory. There is a high rate of closure of the Fontan fenestration; however, other residual ...
Rokitansky A M - - 1998
A new surgical technique for the management of shunting liver hemangiomas that otherwise would rapidly lead to intractable cardiac failure is presented. Rapid, significant reduction of shunt volume was achieved surgically by transhepatic compression sutures using PTFE pledgets and selective ligation of a large feeding vessel from the right hepatic ...
Holodny A I - - 1998
OBJECT: The authors describe a subgroup of patients with shunt-proven normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) who presented with focal fissural and sulcal dilation on imaging studies. The specific radiological features and methods of differentiating this condition from cortical atrophy are delineated. METHODS: Normal-pressure hydrocephalus has been described as dilation of the ventricles ...
Nilsson A - - 1998
PURPOSE: To describe the typical colour Doppler appearance of a shunt through the parenchyma of the left lobe of the liver in portal hypertension. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ultrasound images of 141 patients with biopsy-verified cirrhosis were reviewed. Special note was taken of the appearance of shunts from the left portal ...
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