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Castiglioni Alessandro - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Surgical left ventricular reduction is under investigation as an alternative to, or a bridge for, heart transplantation in patients with a left ventricular aneurysm. In fact, acute myocardial infarction can result in the development of a dyskinetic or akinetic left ventricular aneurysm which may in turn cause congestive heart ...
Moreno R - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The diagnosis of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm after acute myocardial infarction is usually based on echocardiography. However, this technique may have limitations in some patients, especially in cases with suboptimal acoustic window. The objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of contrast echocardiography in the diagnosis ...
Görich Johannes - - 2002
PURPOSE: To evaluate the frequency and significance of thromboembolic complications following endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms. METHODS: One hundred seventy-four patients (153 men; mean 71.4 years, range 26-90) underwent endovascular repair of aneurysms of the thoracic (n = 38) or abdominal (n = 136) aorta using a variety of endografts. ...
Naqvi Tasneem Z - - 2002
Time of appearance of agitated saline contrast in the left atrium is one of the distinguishing features between intracardiac and intrapulmonary shunt. We report a patient with hepatic cirrhosis who had intrapulmonary shunting and had appearance of peripheral venous saline contrast injection in the left heart chambers within 3 cardiac ...
Kurosaki Kunikazu - - 2002
We report a rare case of shunt malfunction resulting from blockage of a Codman-Hakim programmable shunt valve by fibrinoid-like tissues. The patient had undergone shunt system placement for hydrocephalus after hemorrhagic infarction at the age of 8 months; a Codman-Hakim programmable shunt valve was used at that time. Two years ...
Azmi-Ghadimi Hooman - - 2002
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: We report two cases of massive intraventricular hemorrhage resulting from subarachnoid hemorrhage. Both patients had experienced a ruptured cerebral aneurysm and were initially moribund. The patients were treated with Guglielmi detachable coiling and then administration of intraventricular tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). Rapid clot resolution was demonstrated radiographically ...
Pipitone Salvatore - - 2002
Ventricular aneurysms have rarely been reported prenatally. Their prognosis is variable depending on factors such as early detection, their relative size in comparison to the ventricular cavity, growth on follow-up, and signs of cardiac failure. In view of the fact that it may be useful to report on additional cases ...
Nekkanti Rajasekhar - - 2002
We report an adult patient with a left ventricular pseudoaneurysm following an acute myocardial infarction in whom three-dimensional (3-D) transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) delineated clearly not only the location but also the size and shape of the rupture site. The size of the rupture site measured by 3-D TEE correlated well ...
Hein Anthony N - - 2002
This article describes a method to remove thrombus from pseudoaneurysms associated with hemodialysis grafts during a percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy procedure. This effective and easily performed technique involves manual compression of the pseudoaneurysm during activation of the Arrow Percutaneous Thrombolytic Device. The authors describe their clinical experience with use of this ...
Sugioka Kenichi - - 2002
Aneurysm of the membranous ventricular septum (AMS) is a congenital cardiac anomaly often associated with ventricular septal defect. This aneurysm usually pouches into the right side of the heart and remains intracardiac. An AMS that extends outside of the heart is rare. We report an unusual case of a giant ...
Almeida Jorge - - 2002
In the current study we describe the cases of 2 patients operated on for left-sided endocarditis, who later had myocardial ischemia develop secondary to left coronary artery compression from a pseudoaneurysm of the mitral-aortic fibrosa. Because the symptoms of angina persisted despite medical treatment, both patients had second surgeries. Myocardial ...
Niki Kiyomi - - 2002
A subepicardial aneurysm became evident in a male patient after anticoagulant therapy. On admission, it appeared to be an old anterior infarction accompanied by a mural thrombus. After warfarin administration, the thrombus disappeared and an echo-free space emerged outside the apical myocardial wall. The echo-free space communicated with the left ...
Sadowski Jerzy - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular true aneurysm is described as distinct area of the left ventricular wall with systolic dyskinesia where typical myocardial structure is replaced with fibrous tissue. Transmural infarction following occlusion of left anterior descending coronary artery is the most common cause of formation of the left ventricular aneurysm. CASE ...
Gandra Sylvio M A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Our center has been performing beating heart coronary artery bypass grafting with a temporary intraluminal shunt since 1983. Based on our clinical observations of more than 846 surgical cases, we believe that a temporary intraluminal shunt (TIS) greatly reduces the risk of the patient developing regional myocardial ischemia during ...
Schuchlenz Herwig W - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a risk factor for paradoxical embolism, and severe shunting and wide opening of PFO are risk factors for severe and recurrent cerebrovascular events. Neither contrast echocardiography nor 2-dimensional (2D) measurement of PFO size have been validated or compared with invasive balloon sizing. ...
Kumar Kavita - - 2002
There is a paucity of data on pseudoaneurysms of native coronary arteries; however, several reports exist on coronary artery aneurysms, which occur in approximately 1.5% of patients studied at autopsy or during cardiac catheterization. Patients can present with a wide range of symptoms from asymptomatic to sudden death. Complications include ...
Esmonde T - - 2002
Since the condition was first described in 1965, the syndrome of normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) has conventionally been managed by placement of a cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt. To determine the effectiveness of shunting procedures in promoting stability or improvement in the neurological symptoms and signs of NPH. The trials were ...
Goldberg L L Helen Joseph Hospital and Department of Cardiology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South - - 2002
This is a case of nectrotising myopericarditis complicated with an acute apical left ventricular aneurysm in a young patient with the history of bronchial asthma and recurrent eosinophilia. Prompt clinical improvement coinciding with normalisation of the blood count in response to steroids was observed. Possible aetiology of hypereosinophilia is discussed.
Wahl A - - 2001
The foramen ovale, a remnant from the fetal circulation, remains patent through adulthood in approximately 1/4th of the general population, thus representing the most common persistent abnormality of fetal origin. In these individuals, the patent foramen ovale (PFO) permits interatrial right-to-left shunting during those periods of time when right atrial ...
Friedman J A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Remote cerebellar hemorrhage (RCH) is an infrequent and poorly understood complication of supratentorial neurosurgical procedures. We retrospectively compared 42 patients who experienced RCH with a case-matched control cohort, to delineate risk factors associated with the occurrence of this complication. METHODS: Between 1988 and 2000, 42 patients experienced RCH after ...
Gersony D R - - 2001
We describe the case of a young woman without cardiac risk factors who had an acute inferoapical myocardial infarction. Coronary angiographic appearance was consistent with thrombus in the distal left anterior descending coronary artery. A patent foramen ovale with moderate right-to-left shunting after the Valsalva maneuver was detected by contrast ...
Subramanyan R - - 2001
A 3-day-old neonate was diagnosed to have severe congestive heart failure due to a large shunt through a hepatic arteriovenous malformation. Percutaneous transcatheter delivery of two detachable coils resulted in complete abolition of the shunt. The patient showed dramatic clinical improvement and resolution of the heart failure, which was sustained ...
Soloman N A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Resection and linear repair of aneurysms of the left ventricle alter its geometry and thereby reduce its performance over the long term. Hence, Dor's circular patch repair was advocated to maintain the geometry of the left ventricle. However, the superiority of this procedure over linear repair is debatable. METHODS ...
Doss M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Suboptimal early and unsatisfactory late results after linear closure of left ventricular aneurysms, have focused attention on more physiologic concepts of aneurysmectomy, like endoventricular patch plasty. The aim of our study was to compare clinical results of linear closure and patch plasty 8 years after surgery. METHODS: From a ...
Mayan H - - 2001
Hepatic infarction is a rare disease. We describe here a cirrhotic patient with end-stage renal failure and recurrent tense ascites with fatal hepatic infarction after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) procedure. Abdominal ultrasound, radionuclide liver scan, abdominal computed tomography scan, and finally liver biopsy established the diagnosis. The mechanism causing ...
Rose J D - - 2001
The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPSS) has become an effective method of treatment for the complications of portal hypertension, however shunt dysfunction is common. Covered stent-grafts have been tested in animal models, and customized or "home-made" devices have been deployed in several institutions. We report the use of a new ...
Sharma R R - - 2001
A trapped fourth ventricle is a rare clinico-radiological entity producing symptoms suggestive of a progressive posterior fossa mass lesion. It is mainly reported in children as a late complication of lateral ventricular shunting to relieve infantile post-meningitic or post-hemorrhagic hydrocephalus. Optional treatment of the trapped fourth ventricle remains controversial. Placement ...
Iha K - - 2001
A 65-year-old woman presenting with a left ventricular pseudoaneurysm 27 months after sutureless repair of a subacute left ventricular free wall rupture complicating acute myocardial infarction is described. An autologous pericardial patch and gelatin resorcin formaldehyde (GRF) glue were used in the repair. A small pseudoaneurysm bulged out over the ...
Rivera D A - - 2001
This is a case report of a 52-year-old man who presented with an acute myocardial infarction. In the process of performing an angiogram to delineate the anatomy for possible percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, large, diffuse coronary aneurysms were observed. When the vessel was opened, several aneurysms were seen to contain ...
Cayli M - - 2001
Male patient with a history of high lateral myocardial infarction experienced 45 days before admission was accepted to our clinic with the initial diagnosis of congestive heart failure. Physical examination revealed 2-3 degrees/6 systolic murmur in the mesocardiac region. Telecardiography revealed a mass of 12 x 6 cms in the ...
Mackenzie I M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe the diagnostic technique used to identify the presence of a symptomatic interatrial shunt obscured by normal intracardiac pressures and to discuss the unusual findings in this case and their relevance to the investigation of patients with unexplained hypoxemia. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Intensive care unit of a ...
Akdemir O - - 2001
Right ventricular (RV) involvement commonly occurs in patients with acute inferior myocardial infarction and is associated with high mortality and morbidity. RV dysfunction and dilatation commonly recover in survivors; chronic RV dyskinesia and failure are rare complications. This case report presents a patient in whom an isolated RV aneurysm complicates ...
Kuhlencordt P J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: To test whether deficiency in endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) affects atherosclerosis development, we compared lesion formation in apolipoprotein E (apoE)/eNOS-double knockout (DKO) and apoE-knockout (KO) control animals. METHODS AND RESULTS: After 16 weeks of "Western-type" diet, apoE/eNOS-DKO males and females showed significant increases in lesion area of 93.6% ...
Shiraishi J - - 2001
We report on a young patient admitted with an acute myocardial infarction due to a regressed coronary aneurysm who was treated with balloon angioplasty. The wall morphology of the coronary aneurysm using intravascular ultrasound imaging closely resembled that occurring after Kawasaki disease (KD), although our patient had no obvious past ...
Edwards A J - - 2001
We describe a 31-year-old man with Down's syndrome who presented with severe chronic hypothyroidism and a massive pericardial effusion. Following partial aspiration of this effusion, he rapidly deteriorated and died. Findings at autopsy revealed him to have an atrioventricular septal defect with shunting at the atrial level. We postulate that, ...
Collins D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To review the management of acute gastrointestinal bleeding in the critically ill patient in a two part presentation. DATA SOURCES: Articles and a review of studies reported from 1991 to 2001 and identified through a MEDLINE search of the English language literature on acute gastrointestinal bleeding. SUMMARY OF REVIEW: ...
Sotelo J - - 2001
OBJECT: Ventricular shunt placement is the neurosurgical procedure most frequently associated with complications. Over the years, it has been a growing concern that the performance of most shunting devices does not conform to physiological parameters. An open ventriculoperitoneal (VP) bypass with a peritoneal catheter for which the cross-sectional internal diameter ...
Tirilomis T - - 2001
Dilation of the coronary sinus is mostly a congenital lesion. As acquired lesion it was found to be associated with poor left ventricular function. In the present case an angiographic diagnosed posterior left ventricular aneurysm was during surgery found to be a dilated coronary sinus. Preoperative left ventricular function was ...
Reinges M H - - 2001
Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVF) affect predominantly levels of the lower thoracic and lumbar segments; only 13 cases have been reported of DAVF at the foramen magnum. We present three surgically treated patients with DAVF at the foramen magnum. In none of our three patients could the site of the ...
Papagiannis J - - 2001
Congenital left ventricular aneurysm is a poorly understood and potentially lethal entity. Methods and Results In a clinicopathologic study of 7 new cases, the major presenting features in 6 patients were congestive heart failure in 4, ventricular arrhythmias in a 32-week fetus, and multiple congenital anomalies in a fetus with ...
Skinner J - - 2001
This review shows that clinical signs cannot be relied on to reveal left-to-right ductal shunting in the preterm. Echocardiography can define many of the haemodynamic features, including occult ventricular dysfunction, and categorize shunts into small, moderate or large, without defining "significance" which is multifactorial. Large shunts have an elevated left ...
Fujii H - - 2001
Left ventricular pseudo-aneurysm and subepicardial aneurysm are rare complications of myocardial infarction. However, the prognosis of medical treatment is extremely poor and the operative procedure is controversial. We experienced 3 consecutive patients with this unusual left ventricular aneurysm, and described the clinical presentation, operative procedure and its result in these ...
Fontaine A B - - 2001
PURPOSE: To report the endovascular treatment of a relatively uncommon type of deceleration injury to the abdominal aorta. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old backseat passenger was wearing a single lap belt without shoulder harness when the car was involved in a collision. He sustained a transverse (Chance) fracture of the third ...
Guccione J M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The global left ventricular dysfunction characteristic of left ventricular aneurysm is associated with muscle fiber stretching in the adjacent noninfarcted (border zone) region during isovolumic systole. The mechanism of this regional dysfunction is poorly understood. METHODS: An anteroapical transmural myocardial infarct was created by coronary arterial ligation in an ...
Erdöl C - - 2001
Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is a relatively rare disease that may cause angina, myocardial infarction, sudden death due to thrombosis, embolisation, or rupture. This report describes the case of a man aged 65 years old who had an anterior myocardial infarction due to left anterior descending artery (LAD) aneurysm. We ...
Donaldson J W - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Although subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is often associated with electrocardiographic abnormalities, profound effects on cardiac performance are rare. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 57-year-old woman who developed loss of consciousness, respiratory distress, severe hypotension, and left ventricular hypokinesis with minimal coronary artery disease is described. Despite normal appearance of the coronary arteries ...
Burns K E - - 2001
A coronary arteriovenous fistula is a congenital or acquired coronary artery anomaly in which blood is shunted into a cardiac chamber, great vessel or other structure, superceding the myocardial capillary network. The clinical presentation may be heralded by the development of dyspnea, congestive heart failure, angina, endocarditis, dysrhythmias or myocardial ...
Cheung D L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Opinions vary as to whether operation should be offered patients with coronary artery fistula, particularly to those who are asymptomatic. Published studies lacked long-term follow-up data. METHODS: We studied 41 patients with coronary artery fistula operated in our unit in the past 30 years with restudies including coronary angiograms ...
Ansari A - - 2001
An injection study was carried out in sheep hearts to compare the anatomy and distribution of Thebesian veins (venae cordis minimae) in the ventricles. The left azygos, middle cardiac, small cardiac, and anterior cardiac veins were ligated in 36 hearts, and India ink was injected into the right coronary artery ...
Drake J M - - 2000
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts were invented almost 50 years ago. While their introduction revolutionized the treatment of hydrocephalus, their complications have become legendary, and the focus of much investigation and development of new devices. New devices have been based upon improved understanding of the pathophysiology of hydrocephalus or shunt complications. ...
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