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Unger Philippe - - 2004
Paradoxical embolism through right-to-left shunts is widely accepted as a potential cause of cerebral ischemia. Contrast echocardiography is an excellent tool for detection of these shunts. The timing of the appearance of bubbles in the left atrium (ie, early vs late) allows differentiation of foramen ovale patency from intrapulmonary shunting ...
White Richard D - - 2004
Magnetic resonance imaging and/or contrast-enhanced multidetector computed tomography may be used separately or, often more effectively, in an integrated fashion, to address important issues in patients with coronary artery disease causing ischemic cardiac disease (ICD). These issues include complications of myocardial infarction, such as ventricular dysfunction, myocardial wall rupture, aneurysm ...
Torres-Corzo J - - 2004
Shunt placement was the most common procedure used for ventricular dilatation, but in many neurosurgical centers it has been substituted by flexible neuroendoscope; however, none of them had solved the problem of the trapped and dilated fourth ventricle. The combination of the ventricle-peritoneal catheter placement in the center of the ...
Castellá Manuel - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the protective effects of retrograde coronary sinus perfusion to offset potential systolic and diastolic dysfunction (myocardial stunning) after temporary regional ischemia needed for off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: Twenty Yorkshire-Duroc pigs (31.8 +/- 3.9 kg) underwent 15 minutes of mid-left anterior descending coronary artery ischemia in ...
Caracciolo Eugene A - - 2004
Myocardial infarction in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is most commonly a consequence of atherosclerosis. Coronary vasculitis with aneurysms is a rare cause of myocardial ischemia in SLE. We present a case of a 22-year-old woman with a 4-year history of SLE who was admitted with acute onset of ...
Karanikis Pavlos - - 2004
Aortocaval fistula (ACF) represents a rare complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) that may lead to hyperdynamic heart failure. We briefly describe a 58-year-old man with an old myocardial infarction, who developed leg oedema and worsening exertional dyspnea due to ACF complicating an AAA. This uncommon case highlights that an ...
Donti Andrea - - 2004
A significant association has been suggested between a residual shunt and the risk of cerebral ischemic recurrences after transcatheter patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure. We report the use of a detachable coil to treat a residual shunt in a patient who had a recurrent cerebral ischemic event after transcatheter closure ...
Yie Kilsoo - - 2004
The surgical treatment for patients with endomyocardial fibrosis consists of resection of endocardial fibrotic tissue and replacement or repair of atrioventricular valve. Even after endocardiectomy and valvular remodeling, some patients exhibit very poor hemodynamic profile because of myocardial failure due to long-standing restriction of ventricle or ventricles. Here, we report ...
Agostoni P - - 2004
A 19 year old pregnant woman presented to the coronary care unit with an acute anterior myocardial infarction. She was treated with primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty of the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery. Ultrasound examination showed patent foramen ovale (PFO) and atrial septal aneurysm. The patient was a ...
Holmes David R DR - - 2004
The recognition, evaluation and treatment of patent foramen ovale has attracted increasing interest as the importance and frequency of paradoxical embolism has become better understood. The interest in this field has been driven largely by the widespread application of echocardiography with identification of a patent foramen ovale and/or an atrial ...
Grotenhuis Heynric B - - 2004
We describe an infant with an anomalous left coronary artery arising from the pulmonary trunk leading to myocardial ischaemia and development of an apical aneurysm of the left ventricle. Clinical presentation in general is based on myocardial hypoperfusion resulting in ischaemia and infarction. When presenting in infancy, however, then the ...
Ahn-Veelken, Lynda
Background: Any disturbance of the functional cardiac anatomy will impair ventricular function and cardiac output. It has been postulated that the Dor surgical ventricular reconstruction procedure for patients with ventricular dysfunction after an infarction for either left ventricular akinesia or dyskinesia results in better clinical outcome than classic aneurysmectomy or ...
Jain Rajan - - 2004
Cardiac complications are well known after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Electrocardiographic changes occur in 50% to 100% of such cases. Arrhythmias, left ventricular dysfunction, and frank myocardial infarction are infrequently observed. Myocardial infarction must be differentiated from neurogenic stunned myocardium, which is a reversible condition. From 1996 to 2001, 105 patients ...
Perek Bartlomiej - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the left ventricular (LV) free wall is usually fatal. In rare instances, hemorrhage is confined, and a false aneurysm (pseudoaneurysm) forms. In this study we reviewed our experience with patients treated surgically for chronic LV pseudoaneurysm. METHODS: Between 1997 and 2001, pseudoaneurysm was diagnosed in 8 patients ...
Ando' Giuseppe - - 2004
The foramen ovale is considered an unidirectional flap-like valvular structure. Yet, it may increase in size and allow a continuous left-to-right shunt in order to reduce left ventricular filling pressures. We report the case of a 63-year-old woman with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, referred for percutaneous closure of a coexisting secundum atrial ...
Fritz Jan - - 2004
We report a case of a 33-year-old Caucasian male who presented with myocardial infarction and a right atrial mass. Coronary catheterization demonstrated a right coronary aneurysm. In this report, we describe magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of a right coronary artery aneurysm with thromboembolism formation, resulting in inferior myocardial infarction.
Aikat Shamik - - 2003
We report a case of posttraumatic left ventricular outflow tract aneurysm in a patient who had a stab injury to the chest requiring emergency operation 40 years previously. After apparent decades without symptoms, the patient presented with exertional dyspnea. Clinical and echocardiographic assessment revealed aortic regurgitation and left ventricular outflow ...
Lundblad Runar - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to identify predictors for survival after repair of postinfarction left ventricular aneurysm. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 149 patients who had an operation for postinfarction left ventricular aneurysm between 1989 and 2001. The following variables were recorded: preoperative clinical, angiographic, and ...
Samadani Uzma - - 2003
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Determining an appropriate site for distal catheter placement for ventricular shunting for some hydrocephalic patients can be difficult. We describe a simplification of the technique for sagittal sinus shunt placement using a guidewire. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 20-month-old infant with hydrocephalus secondary to Alexander's disease developed erosion of ...
Fessler Michael B - - 2003
Inhaled nitric oxide is a selective pulmonary vasodilator that has been used successfully to treat hemodynamic embarrassment and right-to-left interatrial shunting in acute right heart failure. Previous reports have been in the setting of disorders causing elevated right heart afterload, such as pulmonary embolism, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and chronic ...
Casolo G - - 2003
A 35 year old man with a history of transient ischaemic attack and atrial septal aneurysm underwent percutaneous closure of a patent foramen ovale (PFO) with a transcatheter device. After the procedure the patient developed effort angina not present previously. Transoesophageal echocardiography confirmed the absence of residual shunt but showed ...
Koçak Hikmet - - 2003
In this report, a case of a left ventricular (LV) pseudoaneurysm due to a previous myocardial infarction, which was repaired successfully, is described. A 62-year-old man, with a history of acute anterior wall myocardial infarction 6 months previously, was admitted with the complaints of acute dyspnea and palpitation. Echocardiography revealed ...
Topçuoglu M Akif - - 2003
Transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound with the intravenous injection of agitated saline as contrast (cTCD) is an effective method for detecting right-to-left intracardiac and extracardiac shunt (RLS); however, the sensitivity of cTCD in the diagnosis of RLS remains slightly less than that of transesophageal echocardiography, even in patients with adequate transtemporal ...
Loyd Amy - - 2003
Contrast echocardiography is useful to visualize the endocardial borders of the left ventricle and improve the signal intensity of spectral Doppler signals. It can also help to define intracardiac flow dynamics in complex situations. We report 2 cases where contrast echocardiography improved the delineation of complex shunts and also provided ...
Miura Makoto - - 2003
We present a case of a localized left ventricular (LV) aneurysm in a 72-year-old woman with sudden onset of severe chest pain. A left ventriculogram revealed a small saccular outpouching protruding from the apex accompanied with narrow neck connection to the ventricular cavity. Both coronary arteries and global function were ...
Kavalar Rajko - - 2003
Spontaneous dissecting aneurysm of the coronary artery (SDACA) not associated with aortic aneurysm or trauma is a very rare cause of myocardial ischemia. It has a higher prevalence in otherwise healthy women, especially in the peri- and postpartum period. In 80-90% of cases the diagnosis of SDACA is confirmed at ...
Coskun Senol - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the dimensions of atrial septal aneurysm (ASA), the presence and characteristics of interatrial shunt, the movement of the wall of the aneurysm, and correlation between these findings and sign and/or symptoms suggesting embolism in Manisa, a district of a western Anatolian city of Turkey. METHODS: Two thousand ...
Bertges Daniel J - - 2003
This study was performed to determine whether abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) regression is different with various endografts after endovascular repair. A four-center retrospective review of size change after endovascular AAA repair was performed. Consecutive patients with at least 1-year follow-up and available imaging studies were included. Three hundred ninety patients ...
Waller Benjamin R - - 2003
A prenatal echocardiogram revealed a large right ventricular mass. Following birth, there was obstruction to pulmonary blood flow and cyanosis. The tumor's size and location prevented resection. The patient underwent "single ventricle palliation," including placement of a systemic-to-pulmonary shunt as a newborn. This palliation served as a successful bridge to ...
Fox Ervin R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The association of patent foramen ovale (PFO) with cryptogenic stroke is strongest in patients with larger shunts and patients with atrial septal aneurysms (ASAs). We postulated that the potency of ASA as a risk factor for stroke relates to the size of shunt across PFOs associated with mobile atrial ...
Naqvi Tasneem Z - - 2003
Intravenous contrast agents that traverse the pulmonary circulation have been used for endocardial border definition, myocardial perfusion, diagnosis of intracardiac thrombi, and in cardiovascular emergencies such as myocardial rupture. We report a patient who presented with a new inferior myocardial infarction and an extracardiac mass compressing the right atrium, in ...
Deng You-Bin - - 2003
Two-dimensional echocardiography demonstrated a pseudoaneurysm of the lateral wall of the left ventricle in a 13-year-old girl with bacterial pericarditis. The echocardiographic findings included a 5-mm discontinuity in the lateral wall of the left ventricle, an associated anechoic collection (5.6 x 5.1 cm), and a narrow communication between the left ...
Natanzon Alex - - 2003
This study investigated anatomic and pathophysiologic variables that may determine which patent foramen ovale (PFO) are associated with cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs). Anatomic features of a PFO have been identified as risk factors that predispose certain people to cryptogenic strokes (strokes of unknown cause). However, potential pathophysiologic variables that can determine ...
Stoller James K - - 2003
A 50-year-old woman with life-long hypoxemia and digital clubbing had a transient ischemic attack at age 47, without identifiable vascular or cardioembolic source. Extensive work-up revealed a 20% anatomic shunt (while breathing 100% oxygen) and evidence of an intrapulmonary shunt (an agitated saline, contrast-enhanced transesophageal echocardiogram showed bubbles in the ...
Suda Hisao - - 2003
Successful repair of left ventricular (LV) pseudoaneurysm after mitral valve replacement (MVR) is uncommon, with delayed onset showing particularly high mortality. We report a case of delayed LV pseudoaneurysm onset after MVR reoperation. The patient had unique clinical symptoms, including coronary ischemia due to compression of the left main coronary ...
Lucey Brendan P - - 2003
We report the case of a 23-year-old woman who was abused at the age of 5 months. She suffered from complications frequently associated with shaken baby syndrome, such as hydrocephalus secondary to subarachnoid hemorrhage. The patient underwent a procedure to place a ventriculoperitoneal shunt 3 weeks after her presentation with ...
Cantais Emmanuel - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the role of right-to-left shunt with standardized transcranial Doppler ultrasonography in a large population of divers referred for symptoms of decompression illness. DESIGN: Case series compared with a control group. SETTING: Military teaching hospital, hyperbaric unit. PATIENTS: Patients were 101 consecutive divers with clinical evidence of decompression ...
Nakayama Yasunori - - 2003
The authors describe the rare case of a patient with fusiform coronary aneurysm with myocardial infarction in the left circumflex artery complicated by idiopathic thrombopenia. Medical treatment with a combination of warfarin and aspirin could not prevent recurrence of angina pectoris and myocardial infarction, but surgical ligation of the proximal ...
Ross Donald E - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of a snare-related stenosis after beating-heart surgery prompted the search for an alternative method of hemostasis. Because of the shortcomings of commercial coronary shunts a novel custom-made coronary shunting technique was devised. It involves the use of varying lengths of 1.2-mm Silastic tubing secured with a fine ...
Hinterseer Martin - - 2002
We present a case of a 38-year-old patient with angina after direct current (DC) cardioversion. The patient's medical history included documented coronary heart disease with interventional treatment of the LAD and RCA followed by emergency CABG 6 months ago. On recent admission, the coronary angiography revealed a giant pseudoaneurysm of ...
Cubero José M - - 2002
A 47-year-old woman diagnosed with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, was studied at our institution with palpitations, progressive dyspnoea and cyanosis over a 3-year period. Her haemoglobin saturation was 76.1%. The transthoracic echocardiogram showed that both right atrium and ventricle were dilated, with diffuse akinetic and hypokinetic areas. Radionuclide scintigraphy, angiography ...
Hicks James W - - 2002
The morphology of the reptilian heart results in the mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood (cardiac shunts). In birds and mammals cardiac shunts are detrimental, but in reptiles this condition is often considered a derived trait, conveying important physiological functions and favored by natural selection. Alternative views are advanced suggesting ...
Lioulias A G - - 2002
Posterior non-ischemic left ventricular aneurysms are unusual aneurysms of different etiology that develop adjacent to the mitral valve annulus causing mitral regurgitation and progressive heart failure. Surgical correction is mandatory and involves repair of the aneurysm along with repair or replacement of the mitral valve. Two cases of posterior non-ischemic ...
Targa Lucio - - 2002
Post-myocardial infarction left ventricular pseudoaneurysm resulting from free wall rupture is a rare finding and its recognition during life is uncommon. The diagnosis is difficult since symptoms, clinical evaluation and electrocardiographic and X-ray findings are usually non-specific. We herein present a case of a pseudoaneurysm manifesting after a silent myocardial ...
Fayad Ashraf - - 2002
PURPOSE: To describe the utility of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in a patient undergoing thoracoabdominal aneurysm (TAA) surgery using left atrio-femoral bypass (LAFB). CLINICAL FEATURES: A 57-yr-old female patient underwent repair of type II TAA. As per institutional routine, LAFB technique was used. Initial difficulty with the pump flow was encountered. ...
Vento John A - - 2002
A 70-year-old woman was examined because of increasing problems with cognition. She had a history of a cerebral shunt placed surgically 10 years previously. Introduction of Tc-99m DTPA directly into the ventricular cavity revealed good ventricular distribution, followed by progression downward, as though into a previous ventriculoperitoneal shunt. However, a ...
Schoevaerdts D - - 2002
We describe two patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting complicated by postoperative hypoxemia due to a patent foramen ovale with right-to-left shunting. We discuss different hypotheses to explain the shunt: decreased right ventricular compliance, right atrial geometric changes due to septal distension or ischemia, exceeding filling pressure and localised ...
Shima Hidehiro - - 2002
Most recurrences of intracranial pure germinoma occur at the primary site, ventricular wall or subarachnoid space. We report a rare case of intracranial germinoma that recurred along the shunt tube 17 years after prior ventriculoperitoneal shunt and radiotherapy. The recurrent tumor, verified histologically as a pure germinoma, involved the right ...
Peduzzi Trina L - - 2002
Diagnosing atypical Kawasaki disease (AKD) in children is often difficult and frequently delayed. As a result, children may present with life-threatening cardiovascular complications of the disease. Such complications include myocarditis, coronary artery abnormalities (eg, aneurysms), and myocardial infarction. In this report, we describe the case of a 3-month-old infant who ...
Gauthier Gregory M - - 2002
Access site pseudoaneurysms are uncommon but well-known complications of cardiac catheterization. We report the first known case of a pseudoaneurysm mimicking the presentation of a deep venous thrombosis by causing extrinsic compression of the venous system. The patient had complete resolution of the pseudoaneurysm and his symptoms following treatment with ...
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