Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 844
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Yoshida Minako - - 2005
We attempted to clarify the usefulness of transesophageal echocardiography performed using a standardized Valsalva maneuver to detect the presence of a patent foramen ovale in Japanese patients with ischemic stroke. Four hundred ninety six patients with ischemic stroke who were admitted to the Yokohama City Brain and Stroke Center between ...
Alexi-Meskishvili Vladimir V - - 2005
In the dawn of cardiac surgery in the 1940s to 1950s, Alexander A. Vishnevsky assembled together a fine team of surgeons and conducted intense surgical research that resulted in clinical application of modified Blalock-Taussig shunt, cavo-pulmonary shunt, and paved the way to clinical orthotopic heart and lung transplantation and coronary ...
Varvarigos Nikolaos - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular pseudoaneurysm is a rare and extremely fatal complication of acute myocardial infarction. It is defined as a rupture of the myocardium contained by epicardial adhesions or the epicardial wall. CASE REPORT: A 76-year-old woman was brought to our department suffering from acute pulmonary edema and left ventricular ...
Thanigaraj Srihari - - 2005
Agitated saline contrast studies (bubble studies) can be performed with either transthoracic or transesophageal echocardiography for the detection of right-to-left atrial shunts. The echocardiograms of 94 consecutive patients who underwent saline contrast studies with transthoracic and transesophageal approaches were reviewed to compare the ability of these modalities to detect right-to-left ...
Miyaji Kagami - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: There is a risk of myocardial ischemia in patients with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum associated with the right ventricle-dependent coronary circulation. In this patient group, the oxygen delivery to the myocardium depends on the oxygen saturation of the right ventricular cavity. We hypothesized that bidirectional Glenn shunt ...
Tonn P - - 2005
Insertion of ventriculoperitoneal and ventriculoatrial shunts is routinely performed. Infarction pneumonia and atrial thrombus formation are described as very rare complications of ventriculoatrial shunts. We present the case of a female patient with ventriculoatrial shunt insertion as long term treatment for aequeductal stenosis who presented with recurrent episodes of dyspnoea, ...
Hong Soon Jun - - 2005
We describe a case in which a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-covered stent was implanted to treat impending rupture of a coronary artery pseudoaneurysm related to a chest stab wound. In this case, transthoracic echocardiography was used to verify the characteristics of the pseudoaneurysm, and we concluded that a PTFE-covered stent may prevent ...
Yilmazlar Selcuk - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The selection of patients and treatment criteria for acute hydrocephalus and intracranial pressure (ICP) after intracranial hemorrhage remains unclear. In general neurosurgical practice, there is a tendency to use external ventricular drainage (EVD) for the patients. This study was undertaken to analyse the complications and efficiency of the different ...
Narayanan S Noel - - 2005
We report 72 patients with Kawasaki disease seen at this Centre over 7 years. Cardiac involvement in the form of mild pancarditis was seen in 28 % patients, but disappeared subsequently. Thirteen (18.5 percent) children developed coronary artery disease, out of which 4 resolved by the end of two months ...
Grandmougin Daniel - - 2005
Giant atheromatous coronary aneurysms mimicking a cardiac tumor remain exceptional. We report the case of a patient who experienced a severe inferior myocardial infarction related to a giant thrombosed coronary aneurysm masquerading a cardiac tumor and compressing right cardiac cavities with mechanical detrimental consequences on tricuspid, mitral and aortic valvular ...
MacDonald Simon T - - 2005
A 50-year-old man had a large lateral left ventricular wall pseudoaneurysm with rupture after a limited myocardial infarction. This was diagnosed by the combination of flow in and out of the aneurysm and pulsatile flow in the pericardial cavity using color flow and continuous wave Doppler ultrasound. This report describes ...
Ozeke Ozcan - - 2005
Left ventricular pseudoaneurysm is a false aneurysm, which results from a left ventricle rupture contained by adherent pericardium or scar tissue. The most common etiology of left ventricular pseudoaneurysm is acute myocardial infarction but one-third of pseudoaneurysms develop following surgery. We present a case report of a patient who developed ...
Bashir Faran - - 2005
We report the first case of the use of an Amplatzer septal occluder device to close a large ascending aortic pseudoaneurysm. The patient had a complex cardiac history with redo coronary artery bypass graft surgery, severe left ventricular dysfunction, and end-stage renal disease requiring hemodialysis. The procedure was successfully performed ...
Tanke Ronald B RB Children's Heart Center and Department of Neonatology, University Medical Center St Radboud, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. - - 2005
Our aim was to analyze left ventricular fractional shortening during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation under the influence of changing volume loading conditions induced by a ductal left-to-right shunt. In all patients, the fractional shortening was observed using echocardiography before, during, and after bypass, irrespective of the presence or absence of the ...
Al-Faleh H - - 2005
The presence of a patent foramen ovale has been recognized as a risk factor for embolic stroke, and transcatheter device closure of patent foramen ovales is increasingly performed to reduce future neurological events. The present report discusses a patient who continued to have residual shunting following percutanous closure because of ...
Mookadam F - - 2005
Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm (SVA) is a rare congenital lesion described first in 1840 by John Thurnam (Cited by Boutefou JM, Moret PR, Hahn C, Hanf E. Aneurysms of the sinus of Valsalva: report of seven cases and review of the literature. Am J Med 1978;65:18-24). In most cases unruptured ...
Cavusoglu Yuksel - - 2005
The present report discusses a case of noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium in a 51-year-old woman with dilated cardiomyopathy of unknown etiology. Multiple transthoracic echocardiography examinations had failed to show myocardial noncompaction, but subsequently performed transesophageal echocardiography clearly demonstrated the characteristic findings of this unusual disease. Also, an atrial septal ...
Heatlie G J - - 2005
AIM: To demonstrate that cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) techniques provide unique and definitive information on the presence, location, size and nature of left ventricular aneurysm and pseudoaneurysm, the presence of thrombus and the viability of myocardium. METHOD: A retrospective study of 27 patients with a final diagnosis of left ventricular ...
Chen Chung-Chang - - 2005
Annular subvalvular left ventricular aneurysm was first reported in 1962. This type of aneurysm usually arises from the annular subaortic or submitral region of the left ventricle. It should be differentiated from the left ventricular false aneurysm, which was caused by myocardial necrosis. The etiology of subvalvular aneurysm remains unclear. ...
Hadsaitong Damrong - - 2005
We report a case of successful, long-term pleurovenous shunt (PVS) in treating refractory nonmalignant hepatic hydrothorax. An 82-year-old woman with liver cirrhosis, hypertension complicated with chronic renal failure while on hemodialysis, presented with progressive dyspnea in association with a recurrent right-sided pleural effusion, occurring secondary to transdiaphragmatic migration of ascites. ...
Davutoglu Vedat - - 2005
We report a very rare case of a 36-year-old diabetic man who had a silent myocardial infarction, a ruptured myocardial wall, and an unruptured left ventricular pseudoaneurysm. The patient admitted with a 3-month history of dyspnea on exertion, without evidence of acute coronary syndrome. Coronary angiography showed severe stenosis of ...
Augoustides John G - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to document the perioperative prevalence of anatomic variants of the interatrial septum (IAS), to classify atrial septal aneurysm based on mobility pattern, and to correlate anatomic variants of IAS with patent foramen ovale (PFO). DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: University hospital (single ...
Sato Motoki - - 2005
A case of true aneurysm of the left ventricle associated with pseudoaneurysm was treated surgically. The condition was detected five years and nine months following repair of an oozing type left ventricular free wall rupture due to myocardial infarction. Over this period, chest radiographs showed gradual cardiomegaly with prominence of ...
Antunes Manuel J - - 2005
Myocardial infarction may be complicated by the formation of a left-ventricular aneurysm that distorts the normal elliptical geometry of the ventricle to produce a dilated spherical ventricle with limited contractile and filling capacities. One of the consequences is congestive heart failure, which may be refractory to medical therapy and require ...
Walker Joseph C - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: It has been proposed that successful left ventricular surgical restoration should restore normal helical myofiber orientation. A magnetic resonance imaging technique, magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging, has been developed to measure myocyte orientation. By using magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging, this study tested the hypothesis that (1) myocyte orientation ...
Fleetwood Ian G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To reduce postoperative hydrocephalus following surgery in the region of the fourth ventricle. METHOD/TECHNIQUE: We describe the use of a conventionally placed lateral ventricular catheter to facilitate anterograde ventricular irrigation during surgery in the region of the fourth ventricle. This technique offers a safe alternative to more conventional approaches ...
Singh Tej M - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report stent-graft repair of a traumatic aortic pseudoaneurysm in proximity to a celiacomesenteric trunk. CASE REPORT: An 18-year-old woman suffered a large gunshot wound to the right flank. At laparotomy, only a large, nonexpanding right retroperitoneal hematoma was found, which was thought to represent significant penetrating trauma to ...
Grandjean J G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: There is currently consensus that endoventriculoplasty is the treatment of choice for an anterior left ventricular aneurysm. We describe here a new technique of endoventriculoplasty using autologous endocardium for left ventricular anterior aneurysm. METHOD: From 1990 until 2003, 49 patients underwent endoventriculoplasty using autologous pericardium at the Thoraxcenter of ...
Nadkarni Trimurti D - - 2005
CASE REPORT: A 20-year-old female born with a thoracic level myelomeningocele, Chiari II malformation, and hydrocephalus treated at birth developed clinical features of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) due to shunt malfunction. The patient became comatose. Her ICP remained high despite a functioning shunt and even after the ventricular catheter was ...
Mustafa K. D.
Several surgical techniques are employed in the surgical treatment of left ventricular aneurysm, which is one of the probable complications peculiar to transmural myocardial infarctions. A total of 41 patients on whom left ventricular aneurysm had been diagnosed between January 1992 and December 2002 were examined retrospectively in our clinic. ...
Hatice Selcuk, MD
Left ventricular pseudoaneurysm is a rare and potentially fatal complication of myocardial infarction. We report a case of a unruptured giant left ventricular pseudoaneurysm in a 72-year-old woman possibly after a silent myocardial infarction. The patient admitted to our clinic for progressive dyspnea and anginal pain for 7 years. Echocardiography ...
Meling Torstein R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: A single-center, prospective, nonrandomized pilot study was performed to assess the Paedi-Gav gravity-assisted valve for the treatment of pediatric patients with hydrocephalus. METHODS: Participants were pediatric patients (age <16 years) who were candidates for a hydrocephalus shunt system that required a valve insertion at the time of enrollment. The ...
Patwardhan Ravish V - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To characterize admissions related to ventricular shunts in the year 2000 in terms of diagnoses, procedures, socioeconomic status, and other related data. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample database (year 2000) was analyzed retrospectively. We reviewed 7.45 million patient admissions for primary International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, procedure codes ...
Tran Thao - - 2005
A pseudoaneurysm occurs when incomplete rupture of the heart seals within organizing thrombus, hematoma, and pericardium and maintains communication with the left ventricle. A pseudoaneurysm may cause arterial emboli and drain off a considerable portion of ventricular stroke volume. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging proves to be an adequate technique to ...
Lakkireddy Dhanunjaya R - - 2005
Rupture of the cardiac wall is usually a fatal complication of acute myocardial infarction within the first 2 weeks. However, in certain cases a ruptured ventricular wall is contained by overlying adherent pericardium called pseudoaneurysm, whereas a true aneurysm is one that is caused by scar formation resulting in thinning ...
James Thomas N - - 2005
Throughout the cardiac conduction system of each heart there were numerous destructive lesions including focal inflammatory infiltration with lymphocytes and in neighboring regions extensive focal fibrotic degeneration. These lesions involved myocytes, nerves and blood vessels. They were adequate explanation for the familiar disturbances in cardiac rhythm and conduction typical of ...
Neven Kars G E J - - 2005
We describe a patient with a subacute inferior myocardial infarction who developed a pseudo-aneurysm more than 18 days after the acute event. This is an unusual case with three different complications of a myocardial infarction: Firstly, ventricular rupture is usually the result following transmural myocardial infarction without reperfusion. However, coronary ...
Kazemi Babak - - 2005
Annular submitral aneurysms have been rarely reported in Caucasians. They are typically diagnosed in non-white adults who present with severe mitral regurgitation, heart failure, systemic embolism, ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death. In this article, we describe the case of a white woman, presenting with ventricular tachycardia, who had a ...
Ionita Catalina C - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: A 51-year-old woman on warfarin thromboprophylaxis for transient ischemic attacks developed sudden onset nausea, vomiting, and decreased mental status, rapidly becoming comatose. Head computed tomography (CT) showed intracerebral hemorrhage, extending into all ventricular chambers, and acute obstructive hematocephalus requiring urgent ventricular drainage. CT angiogram showed no evidence of an ...
Kim Doojin - - 2005
Paradoxical embolism through a patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a commonly identified mechanism of ischemic stroke, especially in young patients. The ability to detect PFOs in life improved dramatically with the development of aerated ultrasound contrast, transesophageal echocardiography, and transcranial Doppler ultrasound. Similarly, the ability to detect source venous thromboemboli ...
Miss Jacob C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is associated with cardiac injury and dysfunction. Whether aneurysm clipping versus coiling has a differential effect on the risk of troponin release and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction after SAH is unknown. It is hypothesized that aneurysm treatment does not affect the risk of developing cardiac injury ...
Lindblad B - - 2004
The pulsatile wall motion (PWM) of AAA is reduced after endovascular stent-graft placement. The purpose of this study was to identify whether PWM after endografting was useful in the classification of endoleak. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 162 patients treated with EVAR underwent pre- and post-operative PWM assessment with ultrasonography. Follow-up was ...
Courtis Javier - - 2004
Cardiac lipomas are rare tumors. They usually remain asymptomatic for a long time and cause angina, arrhythmia, dysfunction of the ventricles or valves, and peripheral embolization during the later stages of development. There is little or no information about right-to-left interatrial shunt with normal pulmonary artery pressure, produced as a ...
Daniëls Cathy - - 2004
AIM: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is still considered as the reference method for the non-invasive detection of right-to-left shunts. Echocardiographic laboratories are spending most of their time performing TEE studies to exclude a thromboembolic cardiac disease. In a considerable proportion of these patients the question can be simplified to exclude a ...
Daglar Bahadir - - 2004
In this report, we present two cases who had left ventricular pseudoaneurysm, resection, and repair was done successfully. The repair was performed with the aid of cardiopulmonary bypass. The neck of the pseudoaneurysm was closed with autologous fresh pericardial patch. The surgical treatment of ventricular pseudoaneurysm depends upon their origin, ...
Hirasawa Yujiro - - 2004
Left ventricular pseudoaneurysm is a rare but serious complication of mitral valve replacement or myocardial infarction. Prompt surgical correction is mandatory in cases of a large left ventricular pseudoaneurysm. A 70-year-old man had a giant left ventricular pseudoaneurysm after myocardial infarction and mitral valve replacement. The orifice of the pseudoaneurysm ...
Yasuda Fuyuhiko - - 2004
PURPOSE: In cooperation with JMS Co., Ltd. (Hiroshima, Japan), we have developed a new intraluminal coronary shunt tube to allow easier, safer, and more accurate off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG). DESCRIPTION: Between September 2000 and July 2002, the new shunt tube was used in 100 consecutive patients undergoing OPCABG. ...
Davutoglu Vedat - - 2004
Pseudoaneurysms of the left ventricle are rare complications of acute myocardial infarction or cardiac surgery. Three years after aneurysmectomy of a true left ventricular aneurysm, a 66 years old man presented with clinical features of congestive heart failure. The echocardiography showed an extra large chamber next to the posterolateral region ...
Tefera Girma - - 2004
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates use of endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) and minimal incision aortic surgery (MIAS) for treatment of high-risk patients with infrarenal aneurysms. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients treated with EVAR or MIAS between 2000 and 2002 was performed. High-risk criteria included age older than 80 years, creatinine ...
Clift P - - 2004
The percutaneous device closure of a left ventricular pseudoaneurysm is described in a 60 year old man with a history of myocardial infarction complicated by ventricular tachycardia and left ventricular aneurysm treated by coronary artery bypass grafting and aneursymectomy with ventricular tachycardia ablation. He subsequently developed a vast pseudoaneurysm of ...
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