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Choudhary Sonal - - 2013
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephelopathy is an autosomal dominant disease affecting small vessels and often resulting in subcortical infarcts. A skin biopsy may facilitate its diagnosis as the cutaneous surface is much easier to sample than the central nervous system's tissue. Unfortunately, there is no effective ...
Saraste Antti - - 2012
Positron emission tomography (PET) enables quantitative measurements of myocardial blood flow (MBF) and myocardial flow reserve (MFR). Recent developments and improved availability of PET technology have resulted in growing interest in translation of quantitative flow analysis from mainly a research tool to routine clinical practice. Quantitative PET measurements of absolute ...
Armstrong Anderson C - - 2012
The authors investigated 3 important areas related to the clinical use of left ventricular mass (LVM): accuracy of assessments by echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), the ability to predict cardiovascular outcomes, and the comparative value of different indexing methods. The recommended formula for echocardiographic estimation of LVM uses linear ...
Zarifi Mehdi - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of pregnancy and lactation on echocardiographic parameters in Holstein dairy cows. ANIMALS: Nine multiparous high milk producing (HMP) dairy cows (producing more than 40 kg of milk per day in peak production) and 9 low milk producing (LMP) cows (producing less than 30 kg or milk per ...
Zhang Hehua - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), especially adequate compression depth, is associated with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and is therefore recommended to be measured routinely. In the current study, we investigated the relationship between changes of transthoracic impedance (TTI) measured through the defibrillation electrodes, chest compression depth and ...
Iida Hidehiro - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: (15)O-water-perfusable tissue fraction (PTF) has been shown to be a potential index for assessing myocardial viability in PET, an alternative to (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). This study aimed to directly compare these two independent methods in assessing myocardial viability in patients with abnormal wall motion. METHODS: PET study was performed on ...
Yodwut Chattanong - - 2012
Currently, no real-time three-dimensional echocardiographic (RT3DE) indices are recommended by the official guidelines for the assessment of diastolic dysfunction (DD). We hypothesized that recent developments in RT3DE imaging technology that allow dynamic quantification of both left ventricular (LV) volume and 3D myocardial deformation, could be utilized to objectively assess DD. ...
Colan Steven D - - 2012
Clinical trials often rely on echocardiographic measures of left ventricular size and function as surrogate end points. However, the quantitative impact of factors that affect the reproducibility of these measures is unknown. To address this issue, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-funded Pediatric Heart Network designed a longitudinal observational ...
Oliveira M S - - 2012
Time-domain heart rate variability (HRV) parameters and the correlation between echocardiography and Holter examinations in dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) were determined. Holter examination was also performed at different time frames: an entire 24-hour period, a four-hour period during sleep, and a four-hour period while awake. Ten healthy ...
Caudron Jérôme - - 2012
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate intra- and inter-observer variability of right ventricular (RV) functional parameters as evaluated by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with acquired heart disease (AHD), and to identify factors associated with an increased variability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty consecutive patients were enrolled. Right and left ...
Carroll Christopher - - 2012
BackgroundHeart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) has been proposed as an early biomarker of myocardial infarction (MI). The authors aimed to undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the early sensitivity and specificity of quantitative and qualitative H-FABP assays.MethodsThe authors undertook a systematic search using electronic databases, citation lists ...
Reynolds Joshua C JC Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States. - - 2012
The ventricular fibrillation (VF) waveform is dynamic and predicts defibrillation success. Quantitative waveform measures (QWMs) quantify these changes. Coronary perfusion pressure (CPP), a surrogate for myocardial perfusion, also predicts defibrillation success. The relationship between QWM and CPP has been preliminarily explored. We sought to further delineate this relationship in our ...
Vincenti Gabriella M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To define the relationship between regional coronary vasodilator capacity and myocardial circumferential strain at rest in normal weight, overweight, and obese individuals with normal global left-ventricular function. METHODS AND RESULTS: Myocardial blood flow at rest and during pharmacologic vasodilation was measured with (13)N-ammonia PET/CT in mL/g/minute in normal weight ...
Lin Kai - - 2012
To detect differences in potential magnetic resonance imaging biomarkers of coronary remodeling between older hypertensive patients and healthy controls. Two-dimensional black-blood coronary wall magnetic resonance imaging and 3-dimensional whole-heart coronary magnetic resonance angiography were performed on 130 participants (65-84 years), including 65 hypertensive patients and 65 healthy controls. Coronary segments ...
Ho Jennifer E - - 2012
Heart failure (HF) is a major public health burden worldwide. Of patients presenting with HF, 30-55% have a preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) rather than a reduced ejection fraction (HFREF). Our objective was to examine discriminating clinical features in new-onset HFPEF vs. HFREF. Of 712 participants in the Framingham Heart Study ...
Ky Bonnie - - 2012
Background: The left ventricle (LV) undergoes significant architectural remodeling in heart failure (HF). However, the fundamental associations between cardiac function and LV size and performance have not been thoroughly characterized in this population. We sought to define the adaptive remodeling that occurs in chronic human HF through the detailed analyses ...
Straka Frantisek - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate systolic dyssynchrony index (SDI) measured by real time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) and Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) dyssynchrony parameters in predicting the hemodynamic response to biventricular (BIV) pacing in the early postoperative period after cardiac surgery. To compare right ventricular (RV) and BIV pacing using invasively measured hemodynamic ...
Bernhardt Peter - - 2012
The objective of this study was to compare quantitative analysis of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) perfusion at 1.5 and 3 T against fractional flow reserve (FFR) as measured invasively. FFR is considered by many investigators to be a reliable standard to determine hemodynamically significant coronary artery stenoses. Quantitative 1.5 and 3 T ...
Baron N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) enables the estimation of myocardial infarct (MI) extent. Nevertheless, manual quantification is time consuming and subjective. We sought to assess MI volume with different quantitative methods in both acute (AMI) and chronic MI (CMI). METHODS: CMR was performed 50±21h after MI ...
Otasevic Petar - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We and others have shown previously that left ventricular (LV) contractile reserve assessed quantitatively by high-dose dobutamine stress-echocardiography (DSE) has prognostic implications in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of semi-quantitative assessment of LV contractile reserve by differently skilled operators in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. METHODS: ...
Li Dong-Ye - - 2012
OBJECTIVES.: To evaluate and compare the diagnostic accuracy of semi-quantitative and quantitative real-time myocardial contrast echocardiography (RT-MCE) with low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography (LD-DSE) in detecting viable myocardium. METHODS.: Thirty in-patients with coronary artery disease and regional wall motion abnormalities underwent RT-MCE without and with LD-DSE. Percutaneous coronary intervention was performed ...
Roten Laurent - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Prolonged ECG monitoring is standard for atrial fibrillation (AF) screening. This study investigated whether 7-day event triggered (tECG) ECG recording is equivalent to 7-day continuous Holter (cECG) ECG recording for AF screening. DESIGN: Both a cECG (Lifecard CF) and a tECG (R.Test Evolution 3) were simultaneously worn for 7 ...
Kjærgaard Jesper - - 2012
This thesis summarizes a series of studies performed in order to assess the clinical usefulness of a novel echocardiographic technology that allows non-invasive assessment of regional right ventricular myocardial velocities and deformation: tissue Doppler echocardiography. While the technology is a promising tool for improving our understanding of right ventricular hemodynamics, ...
Stefano Gregory T - - 2012
Background: Despite the American Society of Echocardiography recommendation to use left atrial volume indexed for body surface area (LAVI) for quantification of left atrial size, a variety of methods are used in clinical practice. Our objectives were to evaluate the accuracy of M-mode and two-dimensional (2D) echocardiographic LA size estimates ...
Parga Filho José Rodrigues - - 2012
We report a dual-source computed tomography study of dynamic and quantitative myocardial perfusion in a 44-year-old patient with previous documented coronary artery disease. Quantitatively, the tomography showed myocardial perfusion deficit in the territories with significant coronary stenosis, confirmed by computed tomography angiography and conventional angiography. Dual-source computed tomography allowed dynamic ...
Heusch Gerd - - 2012
In the present manuscript we critically review the available evidence for pleiotropic effects of dronedarone in settings of myocardial and cerebral ischemia/reperfusion, both from experimental and clinical data.
Kleijn Sebastiaan A - - 2012
AIMS: In a time of controversy regarding the use of echocardiography for assessment of left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony and prediction of response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), this meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the feasibility and reliability of LV dyssynchrony assessment by three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE), determine clinically useful reference values in ...
Smith Danielle N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The presence of left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction may influence prognosis or therapy in dogs with chronic mitral regurgitation (MR). Assessment of LV function in MR by conventional echocardiography is confounded by altered ventricular loading. Myocardial deformation (strain) imaging might offer more sensitive estimates of LV function in this ...
Jaffe Ronen - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Coronary revascularization is commonly based on the angiographic finding of percent diameter stenosis (%DS) >50 while lesion length (LL), which contributes to flow-limitation according to Poiseuille's equation, is disregarded. Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is superior to assessment of %DS for identifying flow-limiting lesions, but the technology is invasive and ...
Wong Jih-Sen - - 2012
Both heart rate variability (HRV) and pulse rate variability (PRV) are noninvasive means for the assessment of autonomic nervous control of the heart. However, it is not settled whether or not the PRV obtained from either hand can be the surrogate of HRV. The HRV measures obtained from electrocardiographic signals ...
Duarte Diana D - - 2012
A crucial method for investigating patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) is the calculation of the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). It is, consequently, imperative to precisely estimate the value of LVEF-a process that can be done with myocardial perfusion scintigraphy. Therefore, the present study aimed to establish and compare ...
Nakauchi Yoshifumi - - 2012
ObjectiveTo assess the feasibility of quantitative myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI), using multi-row detector CT (MDCT) with a model-based deconvolution method.Design, setting, patients and interventionsFifteen normal subjects with normal coronary arteries and 26 patients with AMI after reperfusion therapy underwent MPI with MDCT. Perfusion parameters: tissue ...
Buss Sebastian J - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether cardiac computed tomography (CCT) can determine intraventricular dyssynchrony in comparison to real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) in patients who are considered for cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT). METHODS: 35 patients considered for CRT were examined. Left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony was quantified by calculating the standard deviation index (SDI) ...
Motoki Hirohiko - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Two-dimensional (2D) speckle tracking-derived left atrial (LA) strain (ε) facilitates comprehensive evaluation of LA contractile, reservoir, and conduit function; however, its dependence on the individual software used for assessment has not been evaluated. The aim of this study was to compare LA ε derived from two different speckle-tracking software ...
Gewirtz Henry - - 2012
Considerable awareness has been raised of late of the need to reduce radiation exposure and control costs of x-ray and radionuclide imaging procedures. PET/CT cameras are now widely available and in conjunction with appropriate radionuclides and commercially available software make quantitative measurement of absolute MBF feasible for routine clinical practice. ...
Verschure Derk O - - 2012
The aim of this study was to explore if estimates of renal function could explain variability of (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) assessed myocardial sympathetic activity. Furthermore estimates of renal function were compared to (123)I-MIBG as predictors of cardiac death in chronic heart failure (CHF). Semi-quantitative parameters of (123)I-MIBG myocardial uptake and washout ...
Chaichana Thanapong - - 2012
This study was to investigate the hemodynamic effect of simulated plaques in left coronary artery models, which were generated from a sample patient's data. Plaques were simulated and placed at the left main stem and the left anterior descending (LAD) to produce at least 60% coronary stenosis. Computational fluid dynamics ...
Celutkiene Jelena - - 2012
A number of myocardial Doppler-derived velocity, strain myocardial imaging parameters (DMI) and speckle tracking imaging (STI) have been proposed for the quantification of myocardial ischemia during stress echocardiography. The purpose of the study was to identify the best single ultrasound quantitative parameter for prediction of significant coronary stenosis and compare ...
Yang Lixia - - 2012
The study aim was to compare two different stress echocardiography interpretation techniques based on the correlation with thrombosis in myocardial infarction (TIMI ) flow grading from acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. Forty-one patients with suspected ACS were studied before diagnostic coronary angiography with myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) at rest and ...
Baraniuk Sarah S Division of Biostatistics, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Public Health, Houston, TX, USA. - - 2012
Multiple outcomes (or multiple endpoints), such as mortality and recurrent myocardial infarction, are increasingly common in clinical trials and are often of interest in secondary analyses. Traditionally, a clinical trial protocol is built around a single event as its primary outcome, with several secondary outcomes specified, the analyses for which ...
Jin Hang - - 2011
This study was aimed to investigate the use of 1.5-T whole-heart 3D coronary MRA employing a T2-prepared SSFP sequence for assessing epicardial coronary artery vasodilation following exogenous nitrates. Navigator-gated whole-heart 3D coronary MRA was performed before and after sublingual nitroglycerin (NTG) in 22 volunteers and a T2-prepared SSFP sequence was ...
Rasmussen C E - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Autonomic modulation of heart rhythm is thought to influence the pathophysiology of myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD). HYPOTHESES: (1) Holter-derived variables reflecting autonomic modulation of heart rhythm change with MMVD severity in Cavalier King Charles Spaniels (CKCS); (2) Holter-derived variables can identify MMVD severity in CKCS; and (3) Holter-derived ...
Hill Randy - - 2012
A low digit ratio (2D:4D) and low 2D:4D in the right compared with the left hand (right-left 2D:4D) are thought to be determined by high in utero concentrations of testosterone, and are related to "masculine" traits such as aggression and performance in sports like running and rugby. Low right-left 2D:4D ...
Klamt Jyrson Guilherme - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To compare the SjO2 (cerebral oxygenation indicator) and SvO2 (cardiac output indicator) during pediatric cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: Retrospective study. Data of SjO2 and SvO2 measured simultaneously at critical time periods during cardiac surgery with CPB were analyzed by the Spearman correlation test and Bland- Altman ...
Van der Veen Frederik M - - 2011
In the present study, we examined the role of fairness and offer size on brain and cardiac responses in the ultimatum game (UG). Twenty healthy volunteers played the role of responder in a computerized version of the UG in which the fairness and size of the offers were systematically varied. ...
Larghat Abdulghani - - 2011
This study aims to quantify subendocardial and subepicardial myocardial blood flow (MBF) from dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI and to compare semi-quantitative and quantitative analysis methods. 17 healthy volunteers (9 males, mean age 34 ± 8) were scanned during adenosine stress and at rest. A "semi-quantitative" myocardial perfusion index (MPI) was calculated based on ...
Hunziker Sabina - - 2011
AIM: Whether mental stress negatively impacts team performance during cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) remains controversial; this may partly be explained by differences in stress measures used in previous studies. Our aim was to compare self-reported, biochemical and physiological stress measures in regard to CPR performance. METHODS: This prospective, observational study was ...
Ahlgren Bryan - - 2011
Objectives. Ischemia time is a risk factor for mortality and right ventricular (RV) failure after heart transplantation. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of ischemia time on known transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) parameters of RV function and on a novel quantitative measurement of RV circumferential shortening. Methods. ...
Rowlands David Duanne - - 2011
The aim of this article was to examine the utility of using the P wave of the electrocardiogram to indicate left atrial enlargement measures determined from the echocardiogram and cardiac magnetic resonance. Wavelet-based features extracted from the beat-averaged P wave were correlated to the left atrial diameter, left atrial area, ...
- - 2011
The following are highlights from the new series, Circulation: Heart Failure Topic Review. This series will summarize the most important manuscripts, as selected by the editors, which have published in the Circulation portfolio. The objective of this new series is to provide our readership with a timely and comprehensive selection ...
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