Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1667
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Rabbani Shahram - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We report experimental myocardial infarction by occluding coronary arteries in ovine models. METHODS: Twelve ewes were included in the study. After the chest was opened by left lateral thoracotomy incision, the second diagonal branch of the left anterior descending coronary artery was ligated at a point approximately 40% distant ...
Middlemost Shirley - - 2008
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is an acute, reversible form of left ventricular dysfunction precipitated by emotional or physical stress. The condition is important to recognise as it mimics acute myocardial infarction and acute coronary syndrome. Most patients are female and postmenopausal. Presenting symptoms include severe chest pain, acute dyspnoea, hypotension or even ...
Uechi Yoichi - - 2008
A 53-year-old woman with hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy was admitted to our hospital with congestive heart failure, followed by cardiogenic shock and acute renal failure. The patient's neuropathy was a rare entity documented first in a local area of Okinawa, Japan. Intensive supportive therapy was performed and the patient ...
Abuzetun Jamil Y - - 2008
We describe a case of transient left midventricular ballooning in 68-year-old male patient presented with picture of acute coronary syndrome. The left ventriculogram showed mid ventricular akinesis and dilatation along with hypercontractile apex and basal segments. Follow up echocardiogram after one month showed resolution of wall motions abnormalities and normalization ...
Luo Jianwen - - 2008
Myocardial elastography is a novel method for noninvasively assessing regional myocardial function, with the advantages of high resolution and high precision. The purpose in this paper was to isolate the left ventricle from other structures for better displacement and strain visualization. Using a high-resolution (30 MHz) ultrasound system and a ...
Qian Zhen - - 2008
Myocardial deformation is a critical indicator of many cardiac diseases and dysfunctions. The goal of this paper is to use myocardial deformation patterns to identify and localize regional abnormal cardiac function in human subjects. We have developed a novel tensor-based classification framework that better conserves the spatio-temporal structure of the ...
Krittayaphong Rungroj - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The objective was to compare the value of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and end-diastolic wall thickness (EDWT) assessed by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in predicting recovery of left ventricular function after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). METHODS: We enrolled patients with coronary artery disease and left ventricular ejection fraction ...
Migrino Raymond Q - - 2008
Heart failure from adverse ventricular remodeling follows myocardial infarction, but the contribution of periinfarct and remote myocardium to the development of cardiomyopathy remains poorly defined. 2D strain echocardiography (2DSE) is a novel and sensitive tool to measure regional myocardial mechanics. The aim is to quantify radial strain in infarcted (I), ...
Yilmaz Ali - - 2008
Becker-Kiener muscular dystrophy (BMD) represents an X-linked genetic disease associated with myocardial involvement potentially resulting in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Early diagnosis of cardiac involvement may permit earlier institution of heart failure treatment and extend life span in these patients. Both echocardiography and nuclear imaging methods are capable of detecting later ...
Eggleton Simon - - 2008
A 76-year-old woman presents with acute pulmonary oedema and cardiogenic shock 10h after elective electrical cardioversion for atrial fibrillation. Her echocardiogram shows new wall motion abnormalities with akinesis of the apical and mid segments of the left ventricle and her resting ECG contains deep T wave inversion and QTc prolongation. ...
Rigo Fausto - - 2008
AIMS: The aim of the study was to evaluate the prognostic value of Doppler echocardiographic-derived coronary flow reserve (CFR) over regional wall motion in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing dipyridamole echocardiography test (DET). METHODS AND RESULTS: In a prospective, multicentre, observational study, we evaluated 1145 ...
Camastra Giovanni S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Clinical recognition of acute myocarditis is difficult. Late enhancement (LE) detected by magnetic resonance imaging appears to be a valuable tool for evaluating and monitoring inflammatory myocardial diseases. However, patterns of myocardial enhancement and its correlation with systolic function are not yet well defined. The aim of this study ...
Liu Yi - - 2008
The large epicardial coronary arteries and veins span the surface of the heart and gradually penetrate into the myocardium. It has recently been shown that remodeling of the epicardial veins in response to pressure overload strongly depends on the degree of myocardial support. The nontethered regions of the vessel wall ...
Rappaport Dan - - 2008
The objective of this study was to validate a recently developed tissue tracking (TT) method for cardiac motion, by comparing it with precise invasive measurements of motion and to prove its capability to reflect moderate hemodynamic changes induced by asynchronous activation. In four open-chest sheep, sono-crystals measured the left ventricle(LV) ...
Kapetanopoulos Athanasios - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The global left-ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) is a powerful predictor of cardiac death (CD). There are limited data on the prognostic value of regional LV function. We examined the role of visually assessed regional wall motion in risk stratification for future cardiac events. METHODS AND RESULTS: A prospectively ...
Ganame Javier - - 2007
AIMS: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a disease with marked regional differences in wall thickness. However, the relation between myocardial function and wall thickness has not been well studied. Ultrasonic strain rate (SR) imaging makes it possible to study the regional myocardial deformation. We investigated whether regional systolic deformation is reduced ...
Bangalore Sripal - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of assessing right ventricular (RV) wall motion abnormalities during stress echocardiography (SE). BACKGROUND: The results of SE are usually interpreted based on wall motion abnormalities of the left ventricle (LV). There is increasing recognition of the prognostic importance ...
Hakeem Abdul - - 2007
Although a great deal of literature has been generated regarding left ventricular wall abnormalities, ECG changes and cardiac enzyme leaks associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), there have been only a few reports of true transient left ventricular apical ballooning syndrome in patients with SAH. Several pathophysiological mechanisms have been proposed ...
Caselli Stefano - - 2008
We report the clinical case of a 60-year-old woman who referred to our hospital for the occurrence of typical chest pain during mild effort. At admission, the electrocardiogram showed S-T segment elevation from V(3) to V(6), and an increase in troponin I level (11.4 ng/mL). Echocardiogram showed midapical segment akinesia ...
Wu Ed X - - 2007
This study aimed to investigate postinfarct left ventricular (LV) fiber structural alterations by ex vivo diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in a porcine heart model. In vivo cardiac MR imaging was first performed to measure ventricular function in six adult pigs with septal infarction near apex induced by the LAD ligation ...
Zhang Peng - - 2007
Endoventricular patch plasty (Dor procedure) has gained favor as a surgical treatment for heart failure associated with large anteroapical myocardial infarction. We tested the hypotheses that the Dor procedure increases systolic circumferential shortening and longitudinal shortening in noninfarcted left ventricular regions in sheep. In 6 male Dorsett sheep, the left ...
Indik Julia H - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Angiography of the right ventricle (RV) is a standard, reference technique to diagnose wall motion abnormalities in arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C). RV wall motion is usually assessed by qualitative, visual impression, and has lacked a quantitative basis for defining abnormalities. Since the normal RV has a markedly asymmetric ...
Ozer Necla - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the comparison of strain and strain rate parameters with conventional left ventriculography derived regional function. METHOD: Forty patients were included in the study. The study group was selected from patients who had undergone left ventriculography and coronary angiography for clinical indications. Regional myocardial function was ...
Otasevic Petar - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The ventricular partitioning device (VPD) (Cardiokinetix Inc., Redwood City, Calif) is a novel device that is deployed percutaneously in the left ventricle in patients with anteroapical regional wall motion abnormalities after a myocardial infarction (MI) to partition the ventricle and segregate the dysfunctional region. In this case report we ...
Skjold Arne - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate contrast accumulation in left ventricular (LV) myocardium after manganese dipyridoxyl-diphosphate (MnDPDP) administration in patients with recent first time myocardial infarction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MnDPDP (5 micromol/kg) was administered to 10 patients with recent myocardial infarction (three to 12 weeks). One slice of interest (SOI) likely to traverse ...
Gjesdal Ola - - 2007
2D-STE (two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography) is a novel echocardiographic modality that enables angle-independent assessment of myocardial deformation indices. In the present study, we tested whether peak systolic epsilon(parallel) (longitudinal strain) values measured by 2D-STE could identify areas of MI (myocardial infarction) as determined by CE MRI (contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging). ...
Yosefy Chaim - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Dyskinesis is diagnosed by outward systolic bulging, but a similar inferior wall (IW) motion is sometimes observed in patients without infarction. Such diastolic flattening of the IW is followed by systolic rounding and outward bulging, consistent with extrinsic diastolic compression that is overcome by systolic contraction. HYPOTHESIS: Pseudodyskinesis (PD) ...
Maron Martin S - - 2007
The aim of this study was to assess, using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), whether morphologic right ventricular (RV) abnormalities are present in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC). Left ventricular hypertrophy has been considered the predominant phenotypic expression of HC. Whether structural abnormalities of the right ventricle are also present in ...
Kawada Toru - - 2007
Knowledge of the regional differences in myocardial interstitial noradrenaline (NA) and acetylcholine (ACh) levels during ischaemia would be important to understand the abnormality of neuronal environment surrounding the ischaemic heart. Using a cardiac microdialysis technique, we compared ischaemia-induced changes in the myocardial interstitial NA and ACh levels among three groups ...
Claus Piet - - 2007
In the setting of regional ischemia, the "at-risk" myocardium exhibits a flow-related reduction in systolic thickening with a concomitant development of abnormal thickening after aortic valve closure (postsystolic thickening [PST]). With the introduction of high time-resolution ultrasonic-based strain/strain-rate imaging, this short lived phenomenon can be measured accurately in the clinical ...
INABA, Tadashi
The cardiac contractility in human heart was investigated by analyzing deformation of the left ventricular wall during systole using a magnetic resonance tagging technique. Subjects were ten normal humans, eight patients with a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and seven patients with a hypertensive heart disease (HHD). The circumferential strain at a ...
Iltumur Kenan - - 2007
Ischemic electrocardiographic changes, elevations in cardiac-specific markers such as troponin and creatinine phosphokinase MB, segmental wall motion abnormalities, and myocardial dysfunction may occur after central nervous system events such as subarachnoid hemorrhage, subdural hematoma, and ischemic stroke. The pathophysiology remains unclear, but a catecholamine-induced neurocardiogenic injury has been mentioned as ...
Salgado Víctor - - 2007
We present a case of a 52 y/o male with history of hypertension and high cholesterol who suffered an acute myocardial infarction. His catheterization revealed severe 3-vessel coronary artery disease with total occlusion of left anterior descending (LAD) artery at the mid segment with anterior and apical wall dyskinesia and ...
Mori Kazuhiro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In patients with Duchenne's progressive muscular dystrophy (DMD), myocardial fibrosis begins from the epicardial half of the left ventricular posterior wall. Myocardial strain imaging by tissue Doppler echocardiography is a new method for assessing regional myocardial function. We hypothesized that this method might be useful for the early detection ...
Momtahen Mahmoud - - 2007
This study assessed changes in global and regional systolic left ventricular function after successful percutaneous recanalization of coronary artery occlusions. A consecutive series of 110 patients with mean+/-SD age of 53.6+/-9.1 years, in whom a complete angiographic evaluation was available before angioplasty, underwent successful percutaneous recanalization of significant occlusions of ...
Zhu Xiang-Yang - - 2007
Changes in the structure of the artery wall commence shortly after exposure to cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypercholesterolemia (HC), but may be difficult to detect. The ability to study vascular wall structure could be helpful in evaluation of the factors that instigate atherosclerosis and its pathomechanisms. The present study ...
Potter D Dean - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The pacing model of heart failure produces heterogeneous changes in wall stress and myocyte diameter. The purpose of this study was to measure regional changes in cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1), a cytokine thought to play a role in LV remodeling, and regional changes in LV strain as measured with magnetic resonance ...
Luo Jianwen - - 2007
Myocardial elastography is a novel method for noninvasively assessing regional myocardial function, with the advantages of high spatial and temporal resolution and high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). In this paper, in-vivo experiments were performed in anesthetized normal and infarcted mice (one day after left anterior descending coronary artery [LAD] ligation) using ...
Winter Reidar - - 2007
Analysis of rotational myocardial motion has been reported to be a sensitive index of myocardial ischemia. In this study, circumferential and radial myocardial strain and displacement was monitored during angioplasty balloon-induced myocardial ischemia in 8 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. The circumferential and radial variables were measured simultaneously in parasternal ...
Yalonetsky Sergey - - 2007
Percutaneous patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure is performed for the prevention of paradoxical emboli. Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) was performed before and following transcatheter PFO closure in patients with an otherwise structurally normal heart to detect alterations in regional myocardial motion. The analysis revealed a mild, but statistically significant, reduction ...
Chung A - - 2007
The aim of the study was to assess, by echocardiography, the cardiac abnormalities in a group of patients with chronic renal failure and to determine the cardiovascular predictors of mortality. The study comprised forty-five patients from the Renal Unit, University Hospital of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica, and was undertaken ...
Brodoefel H - - 2007
The purpose was to assess 64-slice CT in the analysis of global and regional ventricular function, using a model of acute and subacute myocardial infarction in comparison with cine-MRI. Seven pigs underwent standard MSCT and MRI examination a median 1 and 21 days following creation of reperfused myocardial infarction. Endocardial ...
Barletta Giuseppe - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of primary coronary angioplasty (PCA) on regional left ventricular (LV) contractile dysfunction and deformation, and on global remodeling. METHODS: In 99 consecutive patients (81 males, aged 61+/-11 years) who underwent successful PCA of left anterior descending (LAD) and right coronary (RCA) arteries for treatment of ...
Akashi Y J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although in reversible takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC), wall motion generally recovers dramatically within a few weeks, there are few data on changes in autonomic function in this condition. AIM: To investigate cardiac autonomic function in the acute and chronic phases of TC. METHODS: Ten patients with TC (mean age 70.1 ...
Artis N J - - 2008
Over the past two decades the quest for quantitative evaluation of left ventricular function and regional wall motion has escalated, allowing several aspects of myocardial contractile patterns to be quantified, both during stress echocardiography and in the assessment of dyssynchrony. Most of the literature to date has used Tissue Doppler ...
Terkelsen Christian Juhl - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether presence of postsystolic motion or shortening defined by Doppler tissue imaging may predict recovery of regional myocardial function in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction. METHODS: Echocardiography was performed a few hours after primary percutanous coronary intervention and at a 3-month ...
Jagsi Reshma - - 2007
To reduce cardiotoxicity from breast radiotherapy (RT), innovative techniques are under investigation. Information about cardiac motion with respiration and positional reproducibility under active breathing control (ABC) is necessary to evaluate these techniques. Patients requiring loco-regional RT for breast cancer were scanned by computed tomography using an ABC device at various ...
Macedo Robson - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to describe the structure and function of the heart in the presence of marked lipomatous infiltration of the right ventricular wall in 13 patients referred for second opinions about fatty infiltration of the right ventricular wall and suspected arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. Lipomatous infiltration ...
Reuss Christina S - - 2007
This report describes a variant of transient regional left ventricular dysfunction in which isolated basal left ventricular akinesia with normal mid-ventricular (papillary-level) wall motion and apical hypercontractility were noted in young women (mean age 31 years). This finding was demonstrated in 3 consecutive patients; the first patient was experiencing emotional ...
Vartdal Trond - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate whether strain Doppler echocardiography performed immediately after revascularization by percutaneous coronary intervention could predict the extent of myocardial scar, determined by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). BACKGROUND: There is considerable variability in survival rate after percutaneous coronary intervention, and accurate early ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >