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Results 151 - 200 of 1670
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Sugiura Emiyo - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of acute right ventricular (RV) pressure overload (RVPO) on RV systolic function and its regional uniformity using speckle-tracking strain analysis in patients with acute pulmonary thromboembolism (APTE). METHODS: Twenty-three patients with APTE (mean age, 59 +/- 16 years) and ...
Hodel Jérôme - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate the value of brain ventricular wall movement assessment with a gated cine trueFISP MR sequence for the diagnosis of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) patency. Sixteen healthy volunteers and ten consecutive patients with noncommunicating hydrocephalus were explored with a MR scanner (Siemens, Avanto ...
Ho Siew Yen - - 2009
The normal left ventricle comprises an inlet, apical trabecular, and an outlet portion although these portions do not have discrete anatomical borders. The ventricular wall is thickest near the cardiac base and thins to 1-2 mm at the apex. Characteristically, the muscle bundles at the apical portion are thin, but ...
Palmieri Vittorio - - 2010
To evaluate the reliability of a regional wall motion score index (WMSI)-based method for assessment of left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF). Two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography was used to assess a LV 16-segment-based regional wall motion. Each segment received a score based on contractility status: 4, normal kinesis; 3, mild; 2.5, ...
Galetta Fabio - - 2010
Phaeochromocytomas are rare neuroendocrine tumours secreting high levels of catecholamines, able to exert serious metabolic and cardiovascular effects. The serious and potentially lethal cardiovascular complications of these tumours are due to the potent effects of secreted catecholamines, especially noradrenaline, the main transmitter released from sympathetic nerve terminals. Hypertension, tachycardia, pallor, ...
Fracasso Tony - - 2010
Pulmonary fat embolism is a life-threatening event that may result to potentially determining right ventricular failure. Even if the pathophysiology of this phenomenon has been widely investigated, no immunohistochemical demonstration of right ventricular failure following pulmonary fat embolism has been reported till now. We performed an immunohistochemical investigation with the ...
Abdelmoneim Sahar S - - 2009
OBJECT: The pathophysiology of myocardial dysfunction after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) remains unclear. Using myocardial real-time perfusion contrast echocardiography (RTP-CE), the authors evaluated microvascular function in patients with acute SAH. METHODS: Over a 15-month period, 10 patients with acute SAH and evidence of cardiac dysfunction were prospectively enrolled. The authors performed ...
Celik T - - 2009
In most patients, the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) feeds the anterior aspect of the interventricular septum and a large segment of the anterior wall of the left ventricle. It then passes around the left ventricular apex to supply that area as well. However, in some cases, the LAD ...
Joshi Subodh B - - 2010
Left ventricular ballooning syndrome (LVBS), also known as Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, is characterized by regional left ventricular dysfunction associated with severe psychological stress. T2 weighted cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) can identify myocardial edema due to ischemia or other insults. A standard clinical CMR scan with double inversion recovery fast spin echo ...
Pan Min - - 2009
The left ventricular radial strain in the inner and outer layers was evaluated by using two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (2DS). Twenty-five piglets were studied. The short axis views were acquired. Peak systolic radial strain was measured from 6 circumferential points related to 6 standard segments in the inner and outer ...
Yilmaz Ali - - 2009
Cardiac involvement in patients with a sarcoglycanopathy (limb-girdle muscular dystrophy) has been described previously; however, this is the first cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) study in such a patient demonstrating an interesting pattern of myocardial damage using late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) imaging. Moreover, the wall motion abnormality and the subepicardial pattern ...
Galetta F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the morpho-functional changes of the myocardium in patients with primary aldosteronism (PA). DESIGN: An observational study in a university referral center for blood pressure diseases. PATIENTS: Twenty- three patients with PA, 24 patients with essential hypertension (EH), and 15 normotensive controls (C) underwent conventional echocardiography with integrated ...
Farahvar Arash - - 2009
The authors report the case of a 74-year-old woman who underwent an L-2 vertebral kyphoplasty. The patient experienced delayed postoperative hemodynamic deterioration that may have been caused by embolization of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) cement through the right cardiac ventricular wall. Cardiac and pulmonary embolization of bone cement can develop as a ...
Kvitting John-Peder Escobar - - 2010
SUMMARY BACKGROUND: Myocardial dynamics are three-dimensional (3D) and time-varying. Cineradiography of surgically implanted makers in animals or patients is accurate for assessing these events, but this invasive method potentially alters myocardial motion. The aim of the study was to quantify myocardial motion using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and hence to ...
Korsheed Shvan - - 2009
Native arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) remain the vascular access of choice for hemodialysis (HD). Despite being associated with superior long-term outcomes (cf. catheter use), little is known about the systemic hemodynamic consequences of AVFs. Repetitive myocardial injury (myocardial stunning) is an under-recognized common consequence of HD. The aim of this study ...
Giusca S - - 2010
AIMS: To quantify right ventricular (RV) function in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) before and after pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA). METHODS: Out of 33 patients, 16 were evaluated clinically and with echocardiography (conventional and myocardial deformation parameters) before PEA (preop) and at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months and ...
Lumens Joost - - 2009
A mathematical model (TriSeg model) of ventricular mechanics incorporating mechanical interaction of the left and right ventricular free walls and the interventricular septum is presented. Global left and right ventricular pump mechanics were related to representative myofiber mechanics in the three ventricular walls, satisfying the principle of conservation of energy. ...
Zhang Qing - - 2011
This study adopted a new multi-layer approach of measuring myocardial deformation by two-dimensional (2D) speckle tracking imaging to examine whether a transmural gradient exists in normal subjects and cardiac diseases. Eighty patients were included with 20 in each group: (1) normal control; (2) acute coronary syndrome (ACS) with ejection fraction ...
Zhang Honghai H Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 USA . - - 2010
In this study, a combination of active shape model (ASM) and active appearance model (AAM) was used to segment the left and right ventricles of normal and Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) hearts on 4-D (3-D+time) MR images. For each ventricle, a 4-D model was first used to achieve robust preliminary ...
Stanton Tony - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although global left ventricular systolic function is an important determinant of mortality, standard measures such as ejection fraction (EF) and wall motion score index (WMSI) have important technical limitations. The aim of this study was to compare global longitudinal speckle strain (GLS), an automated technique for measurement of long-axis ...
Bitarafan-Rajabi Ahmad - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Respiratory motion is a potential cause of artefact and downgrading the quality of ECG-gated single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) images that may result in clinical misinterpretation. We studied qualitatively the effects of respiratory motion on gated SPECT myocardial perfusion and function using Monte Carlo simulated data. METHODS: NCAT ...
Bernhard Michael - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Echocardiography is a useful tool in patients suffering from shock of unknown origin to evaluate cardiac function and volume status in order to decide on further treatment. The aim of the study was to evaluate how well participants could identify function, preload and regional wall motion abnormalities after attending ...
Saba Magdi M - - 2009
AIMS: Reference values exist for endocardial but not for epicardial (EPI) substrate mapping in cases of cardiomyopathy-associated ventricular tachycardia. We sought to establish such values for EPI electrogram voltage, including areas with overlying fat. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ten patients (six males) undergoing cardiac surgery were studied. After opening the pericardium, ...
Iriart Xavier - - 2009
A 13-year-old boy was admitted to our department after an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest during physical exertion. Transitory ST-segment elevation in the anterior chest leads was noted after defibrillation. At 48 h, initial evaluation was performed. Twelve-lead EKG and telemetry were normal. Transthoracic echocardiography showed normal left ventricle (LV) size and ...
Duan Qi - - 2009
Dynamic cardiac metrics, including myocardial strains and displacements, provide a quantitative approach to evaluate cardiac function. However, in current clinical diagnosis, largely 2D strain measures are used despite the fact that cardiac motions are complex 3D volumes over time. Recent advances in 4D ultrasound enable the capability to capture such ...
Liu Yi - - 2009
A quantitative analysis of myocardial mechanics is fundamental to understanding cardiac function, diagnosis of heart disease, and assessment of therapeutic intervention. Displacement encoding with stimulated-echo (DENSE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique was developed to track the three-dimensional (3D) displacement vector of discrete material grid points in the myocardial tissue. Despite ...
Ko S-M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare the measurement of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and regional wall motion using 64-slice multidetector CT (MDCT) with that using two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2D-TTE) in a heterogeneous patient population. In 126 patients with angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction, chronic myocardial infarction, atypical ...
Ardekani Siamak - - 2009
In this study, we used the multi-detector computed tomographic (MDCT) images of heart left ventricles at end-diastole and end-systole to perform quantitative analysis and comparison of heart motion in patients with anterior wall myocardial infarction and ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) versus those with global non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM). MDCT ventricular images of ...
Gianni Monica - - 2009
The apical ballooning syndrome (ABS) is a recently described stress-mediated acute cardiac syndrome characterized by transient wall-motion abnormalities involving the apex and midventricle with hyperkinesis of the basal left ventricular (LV) segments without obstructive epicardial coronary disease. Cardiotoxicity is not an uncommon adverse effect of chemotherapeutic agents. However, there are ...
Ten Cate Tim J F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Myocardial perfusion defects have been shown in patients with abnormal intraventricular conduction. These defects have been ascribed to regional differences in myocardial blood flow caused by the abnormal activation. This proof of the concept study assesses the effects of abnormal electrical activation and subsequent wall motion abnormalities of the ...
O'Regan Declan P DP MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, London, UK. - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to use cardiac MRI to define the morphology of the reversibly injured peri-infarct border zone in patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for acute ST elevation myocardial infarction. In 15 patients, T2-weighted myocardial edema imaging was used to identify the ischemic bed ...
Föll Daniela - - 2009
PURPOSE: To apply high-temporal-resolution tissue phase mapping (TPM) to derive a detailed representation of normal regional myocardial motion in a large cohort of 58 normal subjects (three age groups) and one patient with dilated cardiomyopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis included transformation of the acquired myocardial velocities into radial, circumferential, and ...
Becker Michael - - 2009
AIMS: To evaluate deformation parameters of an endocardial, mid-myocardial, and epicardial myocardial layer in different transmurality of myocardial infarction and assess whether layer-specific deformation analysis allows definition of infarct transmurality. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-six patients (mean age 55 +/- 9 years, 38 men) with chronic ischaemic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction ...
Hor Kan N KN Department of Cardiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229-3039, - - 2009
This study sought to evaluate the natural history of occult cardiac dysfunction in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Duchenne muscular dystrophy is characterized by progressive cardiac dysfunction and myocardial fibrosis late in the disease process. We hypothesized that left ventricular myocardial peak circumferential strain (epsilon(cc)) would decrease in DMD before global ...
Hothi Daljit K DK Department of Nephro-urology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London, UK. - - 2009
In adults, hemodialysis (HD)-induced ischemia causes reversible myocardial dysfunction (myocardial stunning) that is progressive with raised attendant mortality. Children share an increased risk for death from a spectrum of uremia-related cardiovascular abnormalities but in the absence of significant classical atheromatous coronary artery disease; therefore, we elected to assess children who ...
Nichols Kenneth J KJ Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System, Manhasset, New York, USA. - - 2009
Algorithms have been developed to quantify global and regional left ventricular (LV) function and asynchrony from myocardial perfusion (MP) and blood pool (BP)-gated single-photon emission computer-assisted tomography, but relationships between measurements from these two imaging modalities have not been documented. The objective of this investigation was to determine the degree ...
Voigt Jens-Uwe - - 2009
AIMS: Left ventricular (LV) asynchrony assessment is mostly based on delays between regional myocardial velocity peaks. Regional function is barely considered. We propose apical transverse motion (ATM) as a new parameter integrating both temporal and functional information, which was tested in different conduction delays. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 67 ...
Karatzis Emmanouil N - - 2009
We report the case of a 58-year-old man with a recent anterior myocardial infarction, for which he did not receive prompt reperfusion therapy. The patient underwent cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, for the assessment of left ventricular function and myocardial viability, and coronary angiography, two weeks after the acute cardiac ...
Nicol Edward D - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess intraobserver and interobserver variability in cardiac computed tomographic measurements of global biventricular function, left ventricular (LV) regional wall motion, systolic wall thickening, and first pass perfusion in 3 patient cohorts at very low, low to intermediate, and intermediate to high cardiac risk. METHODS: One hundred thirty-three patients ...
Lessick Jonathan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE:: Because most contemporary workstations offer quantitative analysis of regional function by multidetector computed tomography, we aimed to establish typical values for normal, hypokinetic, and akinetic regions, and to establish optimal thresholds to differentiate between normal and abnormal values. METHODS:: For 33 patients, quantitative regional functional parameters were compared with ...
Kanai Hiroshi - - 2009
The ability to noninvasively detect regional dynamic myocardial damage related to action potentials and mechanical properties affected by heart disease is of great clinical importance. Though there are invaluable clinical tools for diagnosis of a broad range of cardiac conditions, such myocardial properties cannot be evaluated. We have previously shown ...
Matsunaga Eriko - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated the quantitative ability of contrast-enhanced multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) to evaluate not only the vessel lumen but also coronary plaque. The aim of this study was to assess the association between coronary wall thickness quantified by 64-slice MDCT and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Husmann Lars - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to describe and characterize the frequency and extent of stair-step artefacts in computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) with prospective electrocardiogram (ECG)-triggering and to identify their determinants. One hundred and forty three consecutive patients (55 women, mean age 57 +/- 13 years) underwent 64-slice CTCA ...
Kukucka Marian - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The authors aimed to examine the feasibility of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) acquisition of a non-Doppler-based, speckle tracking-derived myocardial deformation parameter (strain) immediately before and after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in patients with reduced left ventricular (LV) function. DESIGN: A clinical study. SETTING: The cardiac surgery operating ...
Shimokawahara Hiroto - - 2009
A 60-year-old woman presented with acute pulmonary edema followed by cardiopulmonary arrest due to idiopathic ventricular fibrillation. Owing to immediate cardioversion, her electrocardiogram showed sinus rhythm and echocardiography did not show any wall motion abnormalities. The next day, echocardiographic re-examination was characterized by akinesis of both apical and mid segments ...
Ashikaga Hiroshi H Department of Medicine and Bioengineering, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA. - - 2009
We sought to resolve the 3-dimensional transmural heterogeneity in myocardial mechanics observed during the isovolumic contraction (IC) phase. Although myocardial deformation during IC is expected to be little, recent tissue Doppler imaging studies suggest dynamic myocardial motions during this phase with biphasic longitudinal tissue velocities in left ventricular (LV) long-axis ...
Neizel Mirja - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Strain-encoded imaging (SENC) is a new technique for myocardial deformation analysis in cardiac MRI. The aim of the study was, therefore, to evaluate whether myocardial deformation imaging performed by SENC allows for quantification of regional left ventricular function and is related to transmurality states of infarcted tissue in patients ...
Holland Mark R MR Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA. - - 2009
Embryologically, cardiac chambers differ in their morphologic and contractile properties from the beginning. We hypothesized that a noninvasive ultrasonic backscatter investigation might illustrate the fundamental differences in myocardial morphologic properties of the 2 ventricles during heart development. The goals of this investigation were to 1) explore the feasibility of measuring ...
Zhong Liang - - 2009
Geometric remodeling of the left ventricle (LV) after myocardial infarction is associated with changes in myocardial wall stress. The objective of this study was to determine the regional curvatures and wall stress based on three-dimensional (3-D) reconstructions of the LV using MRI. Ten patients with ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) and ...
Park Yongwhi - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The correlation between parameters of two-dimensional echocardiography and signal-averaged ECG (SAECG) in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is not known well. METHODS: Thirty-three patients (13 females, 40.3 +/- 14.4 years old) were included in this study. Both the right and left ventricular dimensions and systolic function were ...
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