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Results 351 - 400 of 1322
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Weaver L K - - 2001
We report three cases of pulmonary edema associated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy, including one fatality. All three patients had cardiac disease and reduced left ventricular (LV) ejection fractions (EFs). Two patients had diabetes, and one patient had severe aortic stenosis. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy may contribute to pulmonary edema by increasing ...
Seguin C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Cardiac dysfunction after brain death has been documented, but its mechanisms remain unclear. Myocardial ischemia has been suggested as a possible cause. The aim of the present study was to investigate the existence of an imbalance between myocardial oxygen delivery and demand as a possible cause of myocardial dysfunction ...
Brodeur J C - - 2001
Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed for 24 h to concentrations representing 100, 50 and 25% of the 96 h-LC50 of pentachlorophenol (PCP) or tetrachloroguaiacol (TCG), and their oxygen consumption, cardiac output, heart rate and stroke volume were measured at regular intervals. Oxygen consumption either remained stable at basal levels ...
DeVoe D - - 2001
This study investigated the utility of the Tritrac-R3D accelerometer as a reliable and valid instrument in the quantification of physical activity while backpacking in the field and to evaluate heart-rate responses and oxygen consumption to assess the feasibility of using the Tritrac-R3D to estimate caloric expenditure. Two 7-day backpacking expeditions ...
Derdeyn C P - - 2001
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between the patterns of cerebral infarction that have been associated with hemodynamic impairment and the presence of severe chronic hemodynamic compromise (increased oxygen extraction fraction) in a large prospectively enrolled group of patients with carotid artery occlusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: At enrollment in a prospective ...
Schipke J D - - 2001
This manuscript brings together three newer concepts: myocardial hibernation, heterogeneity in myocardial blood flow and oxidative metabolism, and effects of hibernating animal serum on non-hibernators. Myocardial hibernation is viewed as a protective mechanism that helps to maintain myocardial integrity and viability by down-regulating contractile function as an adaptation to reduced ...
Erb J M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The echocardiographic contrast agent Optison may be useful in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. This study investigates its effects on hemodynamics, cardiac performance, and oxygenation in this group of patients. METHODS: Parameters of hemodynamic stability, cardiac performance, and oxygenation were measured in 57 patients by transesophageal echocardiography, electrocardiography, invasive arterial ...
Yoshitani K - - 2001
This study was conducted to investigate whether jugular bulb venous oxygen saturation (SjVO(2)) predicted cognitive decline after cardiac surgery with hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). We studied 35 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. After the induction of anesthesia, a 5.5F fiberoptic oximetry catheter was retrogradely inserted into the jugular bulb, and SjVO(2) ...
Wallhaus T R - - 2001
Use of beta-adrenoreceptor blockade in the treatment of heart failure has been associated with a reduction in myocardial oxygen consumption and an improvement in myocardial energy efficiency. One potential mechanism for this beneficial effect is a shift in myocardial substrate use from increased free fatty acid (FFA) oxidation to increased ...
Koerner M M - - 2001
Acute heart failure in adults is the unfolding of heart failure in minutes, hours or a few days. Low output heart failure describes a form of heart failure in which the heart pumps blood at a rate at rest or with exertion that is below the physiological range and the ...
Ali M S - - 2001
PURPOSE: Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a promising non-invasive method for continuous monitoring of cerebral oxygenation during cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). This study was designed to study the agreement between tissue oxygen index (TOI) measured by spatially resolved spectroscopy (NIRO-300) and jugular bulb oxygen saturation (SjO2) in patients ...
Klein L J - - 2001
Estimation of myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2) and myocardial blood flow (MBF) is important for the understanding of various (patho)physiological mechanisms and diseases. Clearance rates of carbon-11 labelled acetate, determined with positron emission tomography, allow estimation of MVO2 on a segmental level and non-invasively. In addition, MBF can be determined from ...
Kaye D M - - 2001
The precise mechanism by which beta-adrenoceptor blockers exert their beneficial actions in patients with heart failure remains unclear. Several possibilities have been proposed, including heart rate reduction, beta2-adrenoceptor-mediated modulation of catecholamine release, antagonism of the receptor-mediated toxic actions of norepinephrine on the myocardium, and favorable effects on myocardial energetics. In ...
White J M - - 2001
Music interventions have been used in medicine and nursing throughout history. Music therapy is an easy-to-administer, relatively inexpensive, noninvasive intervention that has been used to reduce heart rate, blood pressure, myocardial oxygen consumption, gastrointestinal function, anxiety, and pain. A review of theoretic and empirical base for the use of music ...
Ukkonen H - - 2001
Carbon-11 acetate positron emission tomography (PET) has been widely used to assess regional oxidative metabolism of the heart. However, the accuracy of [11C]acetate PET in assessing oxidative metabolism in infarcted myocardium remains controversial. Thirteen patients with stable coronary artery disease and old myocardial infarction were studied. The 15O-based PET studies ...
Gygax E - - 2001
A 190-kg patient was referred because of an acute type B aortic dissection. Conservative management was initially performed but the 34-year-old patient was shown to have an increasing aortic diameter 2 months later and was scheduled for elective repair of the thoracoabdominal aorta. To anticipate potential difficulties with perfusion and ...
Zehr K J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: In acute cardiac rejection, changes in myocardial oxygen consumption occur; non-invasive detection of these metabolic changes would have obvious clinical utility. In the classic cervical, heterotopic, canine, transplant model, the heart is non-working. It has a low myocardial oxygen consumption. Creation of a working model with normal myocardial oxygen ...
Loke K E - - 2000
We investigated the role of kinin and nitric oxide (NO) in the modulation of cardiac O(2)consumption in Syrian hamsters with overt heart failure (HF) and age-matched normal hamsters. Using echocardiography, the hamsters with heart failure had reduced ejection fraction [31(+/-8) v 76(+/-5)%] and LV dilation [4.9(+/-0. 2) v 5.7(+/-0.3) mm, ...
Lee M K MK Department of Anesthesia, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, - - 2000
The volatile anesthetics may reduce cardiac contractility by limiting both membrane Ca2+ entry and altering intracellular Ca2+ release. Additional pharmacological effects of calcium channel blockers could potentially enhance anesthetic-induced depression. The aim of this study was to compare the direct cardiac effects of enflurane and a new volatile anesthetic, desflurane, ...
Ukkonen H - - 2000
AIMS: Levosimendan, a novel calcium-dependent calcium sensitizer of the myocardial contractile proteins, also enhances diastolic relaxation and induces peripheral vasodilation by opening potassium channels. To assess the combined energetical effects of levosimendan infusion in vivo, we performed positron emission tomography in patients with decompensated chronic heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Belardinelli R - - 2000
The therapeutic effect of anti-ischemic compounds is related to their ability to improve the oxygen supply-demand balance of the ischemic myocardium by increasing myocardial blood flow (calcium-antagonists), by reducing regional myocardial oxygen consumption (verapamil, betablockers) and increasing peripheral pooling of blood (nitrates, nifedipine). All these actions are also accompanied by ...
Schwanke U - - 2000
In mammalian hearts, local myocardial flow (LMF) varies between 20 and 200% of the mean. It is not clear whether oxidative metabolism has a similar degree of heterogeneity. Therefore, we investigated the relation between LMF and local oxidative metabolism in isolated rabbit hearts. Buffer oxygenation with (18)O(2) resulted in labeled ...
De Backer D - - 2000
Weaning from mechanical ventilation is usually associated with an increase in oxygen consumption (VO2), which may stress the cardiovascular system. We studied relative changes in the cardiac index and oxygen extraction ratio (EO2) during successful weaning in patients after cardiac surgery (n = 52), cardiac transplantation (n = 17), or ...
Cheong K F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare the hemodynamic effects of sevoflurane-fentanyl with etomidate-fentanyl during anesthetic induction in patients with coronary artery disease with good left ventricular function. DESIGN: A prospective randomized trial. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty patients scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were allocated randomly to receive ...
Sunderdiek U - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: In stunned myocardium oxygen consumption is relatively high compared with the reduced ventricular function. On the other hand, inotropic stimulation is frequently required to improve postischemic ventricular dysfunction. However, inotropic agents which act via intracellular increased calcium result in a higher oxygen demand. Therefore Ca(2+)-sensitization might be a favorable ...
Myrmel T - - 2000
This paper gives an overview of mainly new aspects of myocardial oxygen consumption. Experimental models have quantified energy consumption in mechanical work, excitation-contraction coupling and metabolic processes. However, there are still contradictory observations between hemodynamic, thermodynamic and subcellular models and further knowledge of subcellular energy consumption is anticipated. The energy ...
Juillière Y - - 2000
Peak oxygen consumption is of great importance for the decision of heart transplantation in congestive heart failure. Moreover, the level of exercise capacity seems to depend on the etiology of congestive heart failure. This study compared 14 heart failure patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (group 1) to 14 heart failure ...
Kofoed K F - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Preserved myocardial oxygen consumption estimated by carbon 11-acetate and positron emission tomography (PET) in myocardial regions with chronic but reversibly depressed contractile function in patients with ischemic heart disease have been suggested to be caused by repeated short episodes of acute myocardial ischemia. To evaluate this hypothesis myocardial 11C-acetate ...
MacGowan G A - - 2000
Toborinone (OPC-18790, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd, 2(1H) -quinolone,6-[3-[ [3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)methyl] amino]-2-hydroxy prop oxyl]-,(.+-.)-) is a novel iv. inotropic agent. Positive inotropic effects are produced by PDE inhibition with the resulting increase in cAMP and intracellular calcium levels. Unlike other inotropic agents that increase cAMP, there is an absence of positive chronotropic ...
Bengel F M - - 2000
Thyroid hormones influence cardiac performance directly and indirectly via changes in peripheral circulation. Little, however, is known about the effect on myocardial oxidative metabolism and its relation to cardiac function and geometry. Patients with a history of thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer present a unique model to investigate the cardiac effects ...
Gaillard D - - 2000
Myocardial protection during cardiac surgery aims to preserve myocardial function while providing a bloodless and motionless operating field to make surgery easier. Myocardial protection is achieved by decreasing the oxygen needs using hypothermia and producing electromechanical cardiac arrest using potassium infusion which allows surgery to be performed on a non-beating ...
Sherman A J - - 2000
Chronically instrumented dogs underwent 2- or 5-h regional reductions in coronary flow that were followed, respectively, by balanced reductions in myocardial contraction and O(2) consumption ("hibernation") and persistently reduced contraction despite normal myocardial O(2) consumption ("stunning"). Previously unidentified myofibrillar disruption developed during flow reduction in both experimental models and persisted ...
Al-Obaidi M K - - 2000
The supply and utilization of oxygen by the myocardium reflect the dynamic efficiency of the microcirculation. The present study examines these parameters during coronary artery bypass surgery. We used a voltammetric microelectrode technique to assess regional variations in myocardial tissue partial pressure of oxygen (PO(2)) and myocardial tissue perfusion (MTP) ...
Mas A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To describe global hemodynamics and splanchnic perfusion changes in response to acute modifications in Paco2 in hemodynamically stable patients. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized crossover study. SETTING: Medical-surgical intensive care unit at a community hospital (400,000 inhabitants). PATIENTS: Ten critically ill patients who were sedated, paralyzed, and mechanically ventilated. INTERVENTIONS: Hypercapnia ...
Leone R J RJ - - 2000
We tested the hypothesis that increasing myocardial cyclic GMP would attenuate cyclic AMP induced positive inotropy and O2 consumption, in part, through changes in cyclic AMP and that renal hypertension-induced cardiac hypertrophy (HYP) would alter this relationship. Anesthetized, open chest rabbits (N = 48) were divided into four groups of ...
Ratzenhofer-Komenda B - - 2000
PURPOSE: To report the anaesthetic management of a case of tracheal rupture, using different types of ventilation and additional hyperbaric oxygenation (HBO). CLINICAL FEATURES: An 8 cm postintubation tracheal tear was repaired in a 66-yr-old woman with acute myocardial reinfarction, mediastinal and subcutaneous emphysema, cardiac failure and unrecognized lymphoma. Intraoperative ...
Kieler-Jensen N - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The aim was to evaluate the use of clevidipine, a new vascular selective, ultra-short-acting calcium antagonist for blood pressure control after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: The effects of clevidipine on central hemodynamics, myocardial blood flow and metabolism were studied at two different phases after CABG. In phase ...
Schenkman K A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To simultaneously determine the effect of propofol on myocardial oxygenation, mitochondrial function, and whole organ function in an isolated heart model, using optical reflectance spectroscopy. DESIGN: Controlled laboratory investigation. SETTING: Research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Twenty adult guinea pigs. INTERVENTIONS: Isolated hearts were perfused alternately with a modified oxygenated Krebs-Henseleit buffer ...
McGrath J J - - 2000
Several recent epidemiologic studies investigating the short-term effects of particulate matter (PM) concentrations have shown carbon monoxide (CO) to have the strongest and most consistent statistical relationship with hospital admissions for cardiac diseases. This article suggests a potential hypothesis for these epidemiologic observations. Oxygen (O2) is transported, in reversible combination ...
Shinke T - - 1999
It has been shown recently that the force-frequency relationship is blunted in experimental heart failure models. Furthermore, tachycardia is thought to have adverse effects on the diseased heart for several reasons, one of which is an increase in myocardial oxygen consumption. Inversely, the oxygen-saving effects of bradycardia may be beneficial ...
Porenta G - - 1999
The aims of this study were: (1) to measure noninvasively and near simultaneously myocardial blood flow, oxygen consumption, and contractile function and (2) to analyze myocardial energy expenditure and efficiency at rest and during dobutamine stress in normal humans. Dynamic and gated carbon-11 acetate positron emission tomography (PET) imaging was ...
Fukuda S - - 1999
To investigate the beta-adrenoceptor-mediated responses in hypoxic coronary arteries, we studied the effect of isoproterenol (Iso) on isolated porcine coronary arteries contracted with endothelin-1 in media aerated with 0, 5, 7.5, and 95% O(2). The concentration-response curve of Iso was significantly shifted to the left by hypoxia (0 and 5% ...
Ekelund U E - - 1999
Allopurinol, an inhibitor of xanthine oxidase, increases myofilament calcium responsiveness and blunts calcium cycling in isolated cardiac muscle. We sought to extend these observations to conscious dogs with and without pacing-induced heart failure and tested the prediction that allopurinol would have a positive inotropic effect without increasing energy expenditure, thereby ...
Simons M - - 1999
The presence of chronic myocardial ischemia signifies an imbalance between myocardial oxygen supply and demand that usually reflects the existence of advanced atherosclerotis coronary disease. Standard therapies for this condition that have evolved over the past 40 years include drugs primarily designed to reduce myocardial oxygen demand or improve flow ...
Kanellopoulos G K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Creation of non-transmural myocardial channels by lasers transmitted through endovascular fiberoptics is a novel therapeutic option in the management of patients with coronary artery disease. The acute effect of transventricular laser treatment (TvL) on coronary blood flow, myocardial metabolism and left ventricular function are not well established. METHODS: In ...
Holm C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of supplementary oxygen on heart rate and arterial oxygen saturation during colonoscopy. DESIGN: Controlled study. SETTING: Two university hospitals, Denmark. SUBJECTS: 40 patients having colonoscopy. INTERVENTIONS: 20 patients were given supplementary oxygen through nasal prongs (2 L/min), and 20 patients breathed room air during colonoscopy. ...
Svedjeholm R - - 1999
There is increasing evidence that the availability of different metabolic substrates can influence post-ischemic functional recovery of the heart and the damage incurred during episodes of myocardial ischemia. Here we present the rationale for metabolic interventions, describe their mechanisms of action and suggest potential clinical applications. In cardiac surgery, basic ...
Pietersen H G - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to clarify whether myocardial substrate uptake and oxidation change after a period of hypothermic cardioplegic arrest during coronary artery bypass grafting procedures. METHODS: In 30 patients arterial and coronary sinus blood was sampled and coronary sinus flow measurements were performed before and after sternotomy and ...
Mikane T - - 1999
We investigated the effects of myocardial temperature on left ventricular (LV) mechanoenergetics in the excised, cross-circulated canine heart. We used the framework of the LV contractility (E(max))-pressure-volume area (PVA; a measure of total mechanical energy)-myocardial oxygen consumption (VO(2)) relationship. We have shown this framework to be useful to integrative analysis ...
Abdel-Aleem S - - 1999
Hypoxia is characterized by inadequate oxygen delivery to the myocardium with a resulting imbalance between oxygen demand and energy supply. Several adaptive mechanisms occur to preserve myocardial survival during hypoxia. These include both short- and long-term mechanisms, which serve to achieve a new balance between myocardial oxygen demand and energy ...
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