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Results 101 - 150 of 1295
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Yoshinaga Keiichiro - - 2011
Background: Myocardial blood flow (MBF) can be measured with positron emission tomography (PET) and its quantification should provide diagnostic information beyond that obtained through standard visual analysis. However, this possibility has not been fully studied with PET and generator-produced rubidium-82 ((82)Rb). We evaluated regional MBF in segments with and without ...
Wu Ting - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether polarized arrest using adenosine/lidocaine cold crystalloid cardioplegia in combination with the hibernation inductor δ-opioid receptor agonist pentazocine would give satisfactory myocardial protection rather than using depolarized supranormal potassium cardioplegia, supranormal potassium cardioplegia with pentazocine, or adenosine/lidocaine cardioplegia. Twenty pigs were randomly ...
Liu Chengxiao - - 2011
The objective of this study was to investigate, in a rabbit model, the cardioprotective effect of morphine preconditioning against cardiac remodelling. In male New Zealand rabbits myocardial I/R injury was established by ligating the left descending coronary artery followed by perfusion. The rabbits were randomly divided into: (i) a normal ...
Chen Jian-Jun - - 2011
Background: This study was designed to examine whether transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) overexpressing miR-126 enhances angiogenesis in the infarcted myocardium of mice. Methods: MSCs were harvested from mice using density gradient centrifugation and adherent culture. MSCs were transfected with lentiviral vectors carrying mature miR-126. Mice models of myocardial ...
Avalli Leonello - - 2011
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is often applied for acute cardiorespiratory failure. Left ventricular distension can compromise recovery of the failing heart. To overcome this complication, we describe a new technique to decompress the left heart through the insertion of a venting cannula in the pulmonary artery. A 43-year-old woman was ...
Patterson A J - - 2010
Fetal hearts show a remarkable ability to develop under hypoxic conditions. The metabolic flexibility of fetal hearts allows sustained development under low oxygen conditions. In fact, hypoxia is critical for proper myocardial formation. Particularly, hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor play central roles in hypoxia-dependent signaling ...
Zausig York A - - 2010
In septic patients, myocardial depression-the so-called septic cardiomyopathy-needing inotropic support is common. The aim of this study was to compare the dose-responsive electrophysiological and mechanical properties concerning metabolic effects of clinically available inotropic agents in an isolated septic rat heart model. After 20 h of incubation, both sham-operated and septic ...
Bugger Heiko - - 2011
Doxorubicin-based chemotherapy is limited by the development of dose-dependent left ventricular dysfunction and congestive heart failure caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS). Uncoupling proteins (UCP) can inhibit mitochondrial ROS production as well as decrease myocyte damage from exogenous ROS. Prior studies have shown that cardiac UCP2 and UCP3 mRNA expression ...
Moslehi Javid - - 2010
Ischemic cardiomyopathy is the major cause of heart failure and a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. The degree of left ventricular dysfunction in this setting is often out of proportion to the amount of overtly infarcted tissue, and how decreased delivery of oxygen and nutrients leads to impaired contractility ...
Jorge Miguel A - - 2010
The high mortality rate of cardiogenic shock in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) implies that debate over the correct haemodynamic management is still unresolved. The purpose of this review is to re-evaluate the reciprocal relationships between oxygen-related variables and response to treatment in a large number of patients with AMI. A ...
Pedersen Claus Lunde - - 2010
The roles of nitric oxide synthase activity (NOS), nitrite and myoglobin (Mb) in the regulation of myocardial function during hypoxia were examined in trout and goldfish, a hypoxia-intolerant and hypoxia-tolerant species, respectively. We measured the effect of NOS inhibition, adrenaline and nitrite on the O(2) consumption rate and isometric twitch ...
van den Brink Olivier Wv - - 2010
Background: Cardiac opioid peptides have been identified to exert important adaptive metabolic signalling for cardioprotection against ischaemia or hypoxia-related injury. Aims: To determine myocardial methionine-enkephalin content in children with hypoxemic congenital heart defects and to correlate myocardial content of methionine-enkephalin with the extent of arterial oxygen desaturation. Methods: Children (n ...
Khan Mahmood - - 2010
Myocardial infarction (MI) is caused by deprivation of oxygen and nutrients to the cardiac tissue due to blockade of coronary artery. It is a major contributor to chronic heart disease, a leading cause of mortality in the modern world. Oxygen is required to meet the constant energy demands for heart ...
Panzeri Claudia - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Yew (Taxus baccata) is a conifer known to be toxic since ancient times. Taxine A and taxine B, the toxic alkaloids of Taxus, block cardiac sodium and calcium channels causing nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, cardiac arrhythmias, respiratory distress, coma, seizures, and death in yew poisoning. CASE REPORT: A 44-year-old ...
McCommis Kyle S - - 2010
A new (17)O-labeled blood contrast agent was injected intravenously in control dogs. Electrocardiogram (ECG)-triggered myocardial T(1)rho imaging was performed to obtain spin-locking T(1)rho-weighted myocardial signals for the detection of resultant metabolite H(2) (17)O water in the heart. Bolus and slow injection methods of various doses of the (17)O-labeled and (16)O-labeled ...
Carmona Maria José Carvalho MJ Discipline of Anesthesiology of the Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP), SP. - - 2010
Several classes of inotropic drugs with different hemodynamic effects are used in the treatment of low cardiac output in patients with diastolic dysfunction undergoing cardiac surgery. The objective of the present study was to compare the effects of dobutamine and milrinone on hemodynamic parameters and oxygen supply in this population ...
Du Wei-Guo - - 2010
In natural nests, the eggs of squamate reptiles (lizards and snakes) sometimes experience unpredictable shifts in oxygen availability as a function of nest flooding, or the details of egg location within a nest. We experimentally investigated whether embryos can facultatively adjust cardiac function to cope with such challenges by imposing ...
Skierczynska A - - 2010
In failing hearts, coronary flow is normal, but the coronary flow reserve (CFR) is reduced, so demand-induced ischemia (DII) may occur in response to greater demand for O(2). The objectives of this study were: (i) to verify that dobutamine stimulation produces DII in isolated rat hearts having, like failing hearts, ...
Burls Amanda - - 2010
There is growing interest in the safety of oxygen therapy in emergency patients. A Cochrane review of oxygen versus air for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) showed a potentially important, but statistically non-significant, increase in mortality (RR 3.03 (95% CI 0.93 to 9.83)) and concluded a definitive randomised controlled ...
Jilkina Olga - - 2011
Disruption of ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel activity results in the development of dilated cardiomyopathy in response to different forms of stress, likely due to the underlying metabolic defects. To further understand the role of Kir6.2-containing channels in the development of cardiac disease, we analysed the left ventricular (LV) wall oxygenation ...
Lindbergh Tobias - - 2010
Intramyocardial oxygen transport was assessed during open-chest surgery in calves by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy using a small intramuscular fiber-optic probe. The sum of hemo- and myoglobin tissue fraction and oxygen saturation, the tissue fraction and oxidation of cytochrome aa3, and the tissue fraction of methemoglobin were estimated using a calibrated ...
Petersen L H - - 2010
Recent in vivo experiments on Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) acclimated to chronic hypoxia (6-12 weeks at 10 degrees C; Pw(O(2)) approximately 8-9 kPa) revealed a considerable decrease in the pumping capacity of the heart. To examine whether this diminished cardiac performance was due to the direct effects of chronic moderate ...
Guirgis Mina - - 2010
Decompression of the left-heart following initiation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, is at times required. In the setting of a closed chest this can present a challenge. We present a minimally invasive approach to left-heart decompression in an adult-sized patient, where a percutaneous option was not feasible.
Dupin João Bosco - - 2010
Isoflurane is chosen as an anesthesia drug for cardiac surgeries, and its effectiveness and safety have been proved in countless clinical studies. Clonidine, a central alpha-agonist, has recently been added to isoflurane to attenuate sympathetic hyperactivity by acting directly on its site of origin in the central nervous system. The ...
Te Lintel Hekkert Maaike - - 2010
Because of their ability to perfuse remote regions and deliver oxygen, hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) may be considered in the treatment of several ischemic conditions such as acute coronary syndromes or high-risk percutaneous intervention. Here we studied the effects of intracoronary infusion of ex vivo preoxygenated HBOC-201 during brief total ...
Kastorini C-M - - 2010
The aim of the present work was to evaluate the association between fish consumption and the development of left ventricular systolic dysfunction in patients who have had an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). During 2006 to 2009, 934 consecutive ACS patients were included in the study; 437 patients who developed LVSD, ...
McCommis Kyle S - - 2010
To assess the feasibility of our newly developed cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) methods to quantify global and/or regional myocardial oxygen consumption rate (MVO2) at rest and during pharmacologically-induced vasodilation in normal volunteers. A breath-hold T2 quantification method is developed to calculate oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) and MVO2 rate at rest ...
Calmettes Guillaume - - 2010
Hypoxic states of the cardiovacular system are undoubtedly associated with the most frequent diseases of modern time. Therefore, understanding hypoxic resistance encountered after physiological adaptation such as chronic hypoxia, is crucial to better deal with hypoxic insult. In this study, we examine the role of energetic modifications induced by chronic ...
Bitter T - - 2010
A high prevalence of nocturnal Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) has been documented in patients with heart failure with normal left ventricular ejection fraction (HFNEF). The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of adaptive servoventilation (ASV) for treatment of CSR in these patients. In 60 patients with HFNEF, ...
Di Filippo Clara - - 2010
The antiarrhythmic effects of 100; 150; and 300microg/kg i.p. oxygen/ozone mixture were tested on arrhythmias induced by i) ischemia; ii) ischemia/reperfusion; iii) aconitine (15microg/kg/i.v.); potassium chloride (1.5% i.v.) in rats. 25min of cardiac left descending coronary artery ischemia caused severe incidence of ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation and mortality. These were ...
Ellestad Myrvin H - - 2009
Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) was first used by placing a patient with the "bends" in a pressure chamber and increasing the pressure to 3 atm with 100% oxygen. It was soon recognized that HBO could also facilitate wound healing in infected ischemic extremities. Before the pump oxygenator was developed, it was ...
Simkhovich Boris Z - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Air pollution poses a significant health risk. The article focuses on the adverse effects of air pollution on the cardiovascular system. RECENT FINDINGS: Short-term and long-term studies clearly indicate that relatively modest exposures to particulate matter in the ambient air are associated with increased morbidity and mortality ...
McCommis Kyle S - - 2009
Understanding the oxygen consumption of the left ventricular myocardium provides important insight into the relationship between myocardial oxygen supply and demand. In other territories, cardiac magnetic resonance has been utilized to measure myocardial oxygen consumption with a blood level oxygen dependent (BOLD) technique. The BOLD technology requires repetitive sampling of ...
Hendgen-Cotta Ulrike B - - 2010
Myoglobin, famous as an important intracellular oxygen binding hemeprotein, displays a variety of functions. The first pioneering review on myoglobin was published as early as 1939, in which Millikan concluded that "muscle hemoglobin" acts primarily as a short-term dioxygen store, tiding the muscle over from one contraction to the next. ...
Wikenheiser Jamie - - 2009
The outflow tract myocardium and other regions corresponding to the location of the major coronary vessels of the developing chicken heart, display a high level of hypoxia as assessed by the hypoxia indicator EF5. The EF5-positive tissues were also specifically positive for nuclear-localized hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1alpha), the oxygen-sensitive ...
Vogt Sebastian - - 2009
Effective myocardial oxygen supply should not be compromised during cardiac surgery as it is essential to avoid circulatory and cardiac dysfunction. Local measurement of myocardial oxygen partial pressure (pO2) was therefore introduced into the operative monitoring of myocardial ischemia. The aim of the present study was to assess whether myocardial ...
Williams Ismee A - - 2009
Despite improvements in outcomes after completion of the Fontan circulation, long-term functional state varies. We sought to identify pre- and postoperative characteristics associated with overall function. We analyzed data from 476 survivors with the Fontan circulation enrolled in the Pediatric Heart Network Fontan Cross-sectional Study. Mean age at creation of ...
Doroszko Adrian - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine if decreased heart function after hypoxia followed by reoxygenation (H-R) is associated with increased degradation of cardiac myosin light chain 1 (MLC1) by matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), and to investigate the effects of the increased level of peroxynitrite in the hearts of H-R ...
van der Meer Rutger W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cardiac disease is the leading cause of mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Pioglitazone has been associated with improved cardiac outcome but also with an elevated risk of heart failure. We determined the effects of pioglitazone on myocardial function in relation to cardiac high-energy phosphate, glucose, and fatty ...
Nieminen Markku S - - 2009
Levosimendan is a novel inodilator agent, which enhances myocardial performance without substantial changes in oxygen consumption. The combination of positive inotropic and vasodilator effects of levosimendan relates to its Ca-sensitizing and K channel opening effects. Levosimendan is one of the best documented pharmacological agents used in the management of acute ...
Pedersen Peter L - - 2009
The human/animal heart, comprised of cells called "myocytes" is an incredible organ that to remain beating must be fueled constantly via the hydrolysis of adenosine tri-phosphate (ATP). Deriving most of its ATP from mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (ox phos), and a smaller amount from "glycolysis", i.e., glucose conversion to pyruvate or ...
Meloni Antonella - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine whether T2* measurements quantifying myocardial iron overload in thalassemia patients are influenced by myocardial fibrosis and blood oxygenation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multislice multiecho T2* was performed in 94 thalassemia patients in order to quantify myocardial iron overload. The left ventricle was automatically segmented into a 16-segment standardized ...
De Hert S G - - 2009
When myocardial oxygen demand is increased by elevated heart rate in patients undergoing coronary artery surgery under total intravenous anaesthesia, acute isovolaemic haemodilution may be associated with a deterioration of cardiac function. We investigated the effects of acute isovolaemic haemodilution during volatile inhalational anaesthesia. Forty patients undergoing coronary surgery were ...
Skhirtladze Keso - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of brief periods of cardiac arrest (CA) on regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) in patients with low left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF <30%). DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Cardiac surgery room at a university hospital. PATIENTS: Seventy-seven consecutive patients undergoing elective implantation of a cardioverter/defibrillator ...
Kastorini Christina-Maria - - 2009
The aim of the present work was to evaluate the association between coffee consumption and the development of left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) in patients who had had an acute coronary syndrome. During 2006-2007, 144 male (65 +/- 14 years) and 50 female (71 +/- 12 years) post-acute coronary syndrome ...
Salvatorelli Emanuela - - 2009
Secondary alcohol metabolites and reactive oxygen species mediate cardiomyopathy induced by cumulative doses of antitumor anthracyclines, such as doxorubicin and epirubicin. Epirubicin exhibits a defective conversion to both toxic species, thereby inducing cardiotoxicity at doses higher than equiactive to doxorubicin; however, the gain in cardiac tolerability seems to be marginal ...
Zausig York A - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The current debate about the side effects of induction agents, e.g. possible adrenal suppression through etomidate, emphasizes the relevance of choosing the correct induction agent in septic patients. However, cardiovascular depression is still the most prominent adverse effect of these agents, and might be especially hazardous in septic patients ...
Funada Junichi - - 2009
Metabolic substrate utilization of the human failing heart is an area of controversy. The purpose of this study is to directly quantify myocardial substrate utilization in moderately severe heart failure, type 2 diabetes and healthy controls using simultaneous coronary sinus and arterial blood sampling. Patients with heart failure (n = ...
Carvalho Vitor Oliveira - - 2008
The relationship between the percentage of oxygen consumption reserve and percentage of heart rate reserve in heart failure patients either on non-optimized or off beta-blocker therapy is known to be unreliable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the percentage of oxygen consumption reserve and percentage ...
Kisner Dilek - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Monitoring of cardiac surgical patients after transfer from the intensive care unit to the normal ward is incomplete. Undetected hypoxia, however, is known to be a risk factor for occurrence of atrial fibrillation. We have utilized Auricall for continuous wireless monitoring of oxygen saturation and heart rate until discharge. ...
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