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Funaki B - - 2004
In the past 5 years, there has been a rapid evolution in the endovascular treatment of lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Previously, most bleeding distal to the ligament of Treitz was managed with catheter-directed vasoconstrictive therapy. Currently, microcatheters allow superselective embolization of bleeding vessels, a technique that minimizes potential ischemic complications and ...
Cherrington Candace C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Despite significant progress in the treatment of coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction is still the leading cause of death in the United States. As suggested by Leventhal's Self-Regulation Model of Illness, the continued high morbidity and mortality may be due to a failure to address the role of psychosocial ...
Foley Kathleen A - - 2004
Pharmacologic treatment and goal attainment rates from published literature indicate that lipid management has generally improved for patients with coronary heart disease. The population implications of these changes in lipid management are examined, suggesting that the challenge of lipid management may be shifting from a problem of no treatment to ...
Dahiya Ranjan - - 2004
A coronary artery fistula (CAF) is a rare congenital anomaly first reported by Krause in 1865. It is defined as a direct communication between the coronary artery and any surrounding cardiac chamber or vascular structure, which bypasses the myocardial capillary bed. The incidence of small CAFs in an adult population, ...
De Oliveira Nilto C - - 2004
Alpha blockade with phenoxybenzamine has been used in the postoperative management after the Norwood operation. The principle of this approach is the increase in systemic cardiac output by maximal dilation of the systemic circulation. This effect results in a more stable parallel circulation through prevention of fluctuations in systemic vascular ...
Barber Debra A - - 2003
Of the patients with end-stage cardiomyopathy on a heart transplant list, 95% do not receive a donor heart. Due to this severe shortage of donor organs, an artificial replacement heart has been pursued for several decades. To date, 10 patients have received an Abiocor artificial replacement heart (Abiomed, Inc, Danvers, ...
Toscano E - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The management of subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) is still controversial, as the benefit to risk ratio of prolonged L-thyroxine therapy is not clear cut. Some authors have shown abnormalities of myocardial function and structure in adults with SH, which could be reversed by L-thyroxine therapy. As SH frequently affects children ...
Therrien Judith - - 2003
The number of patients with congenital cardiac disease reaching adulthood is increasing steadily. Many adults with such disease face both medical and surgical difficulties. Most clinicians know very little about basic cardiac defects, their natural history, complications after surgery, and adequate management of these patients. We aim to provide an ...
Wilkinson Neal W - - 2003
Techniques for mobilizing the greater curve of the stomach during laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) include division of the short gastric vessels (SGV). The splenic artery and vein lie directly posterior to the proper plane of dissection. Uncontrolled bleeding during SGV division places the splenic vessels at risk for inadvertent injury ...
Chiu Yu Shin - - 2003
Acute renal failure (ARF) occasionally occurs after intravenous injection of contrast medium, but complications are rare after retrograde pyelography. After reviewing the reports in the English-language literature, the authors found very few on those complications after retrograde pyelography. The authors present a patient who had ARF after the technique. The ...
Babu-Narayan Sonya V - - 2003
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), where available, contributes to the informed management of patients with congenital heart disease. In contrast to echocardiography, CMR becomes easier as patients grow. It is versatile and gives unrestricted access to the heart and intrathoracic vessels, providing functional and structural information. Its relative strengths are discussed, ...
Comerota Anthony J - - 2003
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is defined as atherosclerotic disease of the aorta and arteries of the lower extremities. The most frequent manifestations of ischemia occur in the lower extremity arteries, with intermittent claudication as the most common symptom. Intermittent claudication, which is characterized by temporary pain brought on by muscle ...
Ganapathy K - - 2003
Massive cerebellar infarction accounts for less than 2% of strokes. Unlike massive hemispherical infarctions, in pure cerebellar infarctions, the prognosis is better. This case report discusses, a 61 year old lady who presented with atrial fibrillation and a massive cerebellar infarction. Timely surgical intervention reversed the deterioration in neurological status. ...
Arab Dinesh - - 2003
The objective of this article was to review the effects of acute intracranial lesions on myocardial function. The authors reviewed scientific and clinical literature retrieved from a computerized MEDLINE search from January 1965 through January 2002. Pertinent literature was referenced, including clinical and laboratory investigations, to demonstrate the effects of ...
Rigatelli Gianluca - - 2003
The anatomic details and pathophysiological patterns of most coronary artery anomalies (CAAs) are presently well known. On the contrary, few data exist on the clinical relevance of different CAAs which necessitate a proper management and follow-up protocol. Clinical, invasive and interventional cardiologists often continue to encounter CAAs as incidental findings ...
Williams S G - - 2003
Following recently published recommendations and guidelines, a prospective audit of 222 consecutive patients referred for open access echocardiography was conducted over a period of three months in a large district general hospital in the UK. Our study demonstrated the waiting time for an open access echocardiogram to be shorter than ...
Kadakia Rajan A - - 2003
Recent large-scale trials have demonstrated superior clinical outcomes associated with the use of enoxaparin in patients with acute coronary syndromes and have led to its incorporation into the recent American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines for the management of patients with unstable angina/non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. Despite clinical trial ...
Becker Richard C. - - 2003
The treatment of acute myocardial infarction is centered on pharmacology-based strategies designed to prevent or attenuate thrombotic processes occurring within the coronary arterial system. Antithrombotic therapies used currently in clinical practice represent the "fruits of labor" derived from randomized trials and carefully constructed patient management guidelines.
Chaithiraphan Vithaya - - 2003
Acute myocardial infarction in pregnancy and puerperium is an uncommon event with substantial morbidity and mortality rates. Atherosclerosis may be the cause, but often the coronary arteries are healthy at angiography. In such cases, the suggested mechanism is a decreased coronary perfusion related to coronary spasm or in situ thrombosis. ...
Bali Harinder K - - 2003
A 30-year-old man had multiple pellet injuries after being shot. An asymptomatic, acute, inferior-wall myocardial infarction was detected on an electrocardiogram at the time of a pre-anesthetic evaluation for eye surgery. A computed tomographic scan of the chest confirmed the presence of an intracardiac foreign body. Coronary angiography showed occlusion ...
Kahwaji I Y - - 2002
In 1994, the American Heart Association (AHA) published the most recent guidelines for long-term cardiovascular management of Kawasaki disease. Since then, recent publications have shed new light on different diagnostic, prognostic, and management issues. We sought the opinion of pediatric cardiologists practicing in U.S. fellowship programs on the subject by ...
Capomolla Soccorso - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the effectiveness and cost/utility ratio between a heart failure (HF) management program delivered by day-hospital (DH) and usual care in chronic heart failure (CHF) outpatients. BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed that about 50% of readmissions for CHF can be prevented by a multidisciplinary approach. However, the performance, ...
Norcini John J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether successful certifying examination performances of doctors are associated with their patients' mortality and length of stay following acute myocardial infarction. DESIGN: Risk adjusted mortality and survivors' length of stay were compared for doctors who had satisfactorily completed training in internal medicine or cardiology and attempted the ...
Becker A - - 2002
Polyarteritis nodosa involves necrotising vasculitis of small and medium-sized arteries. Multiple organ systems are involved. A non-specific and slow course of disease is common. Gastrointestinal involvement is characterised by abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Bowel infarction and perforation, cholecystitis and hepatic infarction are well known complications. However, bowel infarction as ...
Forrester James S JS - - 2002
The primary management strategy for the post-myocardial infarction patient continues to be controversial despite published guidelines. In part, this is the consequence of study designs that are not directly applicable to individual patients, but also to the rapidly changing pharmacological and mechanical device armamentarium that rapidly renders clinical trial results ...
Murugan S Jothi - - 2002
We describe two neonates presenting with myocardial infarction, due to two different aetiologies of this extremely rare but potentially treatable condition, and discuss the management. One neonate had myocardial infarction complicating enteroviral myocarditis and recovered completely. The second had fatal myocardial infarction due to thrombosis of the left coronary artery. ...
Sherman Richard A - - 2002
The etiology and management of intradialytic hypotension has become an increasingly complex issue. Volume depletion due to ultrafiltration remains the predominant underlying etiologic factor. However, patients vary markedly in their hemodynamic tolerance to fluid removal. While many risk factors have been identified, the issues of sodium and thermal balance and ...
Jacobs Ira A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Acute barium poisoning is most often the result of accidental or suicidal ingestion of the rodenticide, barium carbonate. We describe a trauma patient whose condition was complicated by severe acute barium toxicity from an explosion of the propellant, barium styphnate. In addition to critical injuries, the patient manifested classic ...
Jama Ali Hassan Al - - 2002
Splenic infarcts are common in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA), but these are usually small and repetitive, leading ultimately to autosplenectomy. Massive splenic infarcts on the other hand are extremely rare. This is a report of our experience with 8 (4 males and 4 females) cases of massive splenic ...
Lucas David G DG - - 2002
The spontaneous infarction of a parathyroid adenoma is an uncommon event, although it has been previously described. Patients may present symptomatically or experience resolution of their hyperparathyroidism. As such the appropriate clinical management of these patients remains unclear. We present two cases of spontaneous infarction of parathyroid adenomas. The first ...
Kaye P - - 2002
Cardiac contusion is an infrequent but occasionally serious complication of deceleration injury. According to ATLS teaching, the true diagnosis of contusion can only be established by direct inspection of the myocardium. The clinically important sequelae of myocardial contusion are hypotension and arrhythmia. Despite recent advances in investigative techniques, myocardial trauma ...
Weitz H H - - 2001
Although infrequent, perioperative cardiac complications are a source of major morbidity and mortality. As the population ages, the prevalence of cardiovascular disease is increasing. For physicians who refer patients for surgery as well as for clinicians directly involved in perioperative medical care, an understanding of perioperative cardiac complications, reduction of ...
Wongcharatrawee S - - 2001
Development of ascites is a poor prognostic sign with a 1 year mortality rate of up to 50%. Cirrhotic patients who develop ascites should therefore be evaluated for liver transplantation. Even though current therapies of ascites are not associated with a survival benefit, the elimination of ascites will improve quality ...
Tan H P - - 2001
Portopulmonary hypertension (PPHTN) is no longer an absolute contraindication to orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). The pre-OLT management of patients with PPHTN requires early diagnosis and chronic therapy with intravenous epoprostenol to decrease pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). Close follow-up is necessary to reassess pulmonary artery pressures (PAPs) and evaluate right ventricular ...
Roberts H W - - 2001
Traditional dental management guidelines of myocardial infarction survivors mandate a 6-month waiting period before elective treatment can be considered. Technological advances in cardiac disease diagnosis, management, and revascularization treatment may make this older mandatory 6-month waiting period obsolete. The purposes of this literature review are to provide an overview of ...
Appere-De Vecchi C - - 2001
A young patient presented with a small bowel infarction with pneumatosis intestinalis in the early course of life-threatening severe acute asthma. Low cardiac output with severe congestive right heart failure combined with the use of high doses of epinephrine to reverse the near-fatal bronchospasm probably contributed to this previously unreported ...
Brady W J WJ - - 2001
Bradyarrhythmias arising in the setting of myocardial infarction occur in a significant minority of patients with AMI. In the majority of cases, these abnormalities are owing to myocardial ischemia or infarction with necrosis of the cardiac pacemaker sites and/or conduction system. Other factors responsible for these bradyarrhythmias include altered autonomic ...
Fei L - - 2001
Significant advances have been made in the management of cardiac arrhythmias. New technology has enhanced the ability to understand and treat a variety of tachycardias. Excitement and caution surround ablative approaches for atrial fibrillation. The role of ICDs and class III antiarrhythmic drugs in the management of patients at risk ...
De Backer A I - - 2001
Colonic involvement is an uncommon but potentially lethal complication of severe acute pancreatitis. The spectrum of colonic complications includes localized ileus with "pseudo-obstruction", obstruction, necrosis, hemorrhage, fistula, and ischemic colitis. We report on a patient who developed pancreatocolonic fistulization in the course of protracted severe acute pancreatitis. Emphasis is made ...
Fanshawe M - - 2001
We describe a case of severe myocardial ischaemia in the setting of thrombotic thrombocytopoenic purpura (TTP). In this report, we discuss the potential difficulties in the diagnosis and management of acute myocardial ischaemia with TTP, particularly relating to the use of antiplatelet agents. We also highlight the importance of careful ...
Waksman J J Rocky Mountain Poison and Drug Center, Denver Health Authority, Colo 80230-6800, USA. - - 2001
Myocardial infarction is a rarely reported complication of amphetamine use. We report the case of a healthy 31-year-old man who presented to our emergency department with no clinical evidence of an acute coronary event after intravenous injection of amphetamines. However, he subsequently experienced a non-Q-wave anterior wall myocardial infarction associated ...
Archer D P - - 2001
PURPOSE: Since venous air embolism may occur during many different types of surgery, management of this clinical emergency can be required in patients who do not have a previously established central venous access for aspiration of air. Recent reviews suggest that management of right heart syndromes in patients with embolism ...
Qureshi A M - - 2000
The presentation of myocardial infarction in the elderly is often atypical and there is therefore a broad range of clinical presentations where this diagnosis should be actively considered and the appropriate investigations arranged. The early use of aspirin and thrombolytic therapy has revolutionised management and efforts should be made to ...
Schwartz G G - - 2000
Patients who present today with an acute coronary syndrome face a substantially lower risk of death, recurrent myocardial infarction, or severe ischemia than patients did a decade ago. Researchers are pursuing new strategies to further improve the outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndromes. These strategies may be grouped into ...
Johnson J S - - 2000
Primary hyperoxaluria is a rare genetic disorder characterised by calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis and nephrocalcinosis leading to renal failure, often with extra-renal oxalate deposition (systemic oxalosis). Although ischaemic complications of crystal deposition in vessel walls are well recognised clinically, these usually take the form of peripheral limb or cutaneous ischaemia. This ...
Bowker T J - - 2000
AIMS: To assess the clinical characteristics, management and outcome of women compared to men with acute myocardial infarction or ischaemia. DESIGN: A prospective clinical survey was made in a random sample of 94 District General Hospitals in the U.K. 1064 patients, <70 years of age, comprising six consecutive females and ...
Krasuski RA - - 2000
Radiographic contrast agents have undergone a tremendous evolution over the past several decades. The creation of contrast agents with greater iodine carrying capacity and lower osmolality has improved imaging quality and reduced complications, including nausea, vomiting, congestive heart failure, and cardiac rhythm abnormalities. Whether differences exist among agents in terms ...
Tanser P - - 2000
A 50-year-old man arrives in the emergency room with signs and symptoms occurring intermittently over a period of 48 h consistent with a myocardial infarction. He has several major risk factors for a recurrent event. A number of management strategies have already been attempted. Two opinions for further management are ...
Ng P C - - 2000
The minimally invasive anterior thoracotomy for beating heart coronary bypass offers a modest 10-cm incision and avoids the morbidity of extracorporeal circulation. This study examines minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) wound complications and contributing comorbid factors. A retrospective, single-institution review of 165 consecutive MIDCAB cases performed between March ...
Chetham P M - - 2000
Providing an anesthetic for patients undergoing heart or a single or double lung transplantation may represent a challenge even to the most experienced anesthesiologist. Patients with end-stage cardiac dysfunction have an impaired response to beta-agonist due to receptor downregulation. These patient will have isolated left ventricular dysfunction secondary to ischemic ...
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