Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1906
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Wang Yiming - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: There is an increased incidence of major depressive disorder (MDD) in individuals after myocardial infarction (MI), but the pathophysiological processes mediating this association are unclear. Our previous study demonstrated an increase in pro-apoptotic pathways in the myocardium and hippocampus in MDD, which was reversed by venlafaxine. This study ...
Simşek Eda - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the right ventricular functions in patients with nasal polyposis using the strain (S) and strain rate (SR) echocardiography. METHODS: A prospective, cross-sectional observational study was performed. The study included 40 patients with nasal polyposis (NP) (Group 1), and 25 healthy controls ...
Singh Kabir J - - 2013
Heavy alcohol consumption is a risk factor for developing atrial fibrillation, but whether chronic alcohol use affects left atrial volume is unknown. We evaluated the association of self-reported alcohol consumption with 5-year change in left atrial volume among patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). We studied 601 participants with stable ...
Park Sung-Ji - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate intracardiac hemodynamic idiosyncrasies responsible for various presentations of severe aortic stenosis (AS). BACKGROUND: Syncope, dyspnea, and chest pain are well-established indications for aortic valve replacement in patients with severe AS. Patients' survival is limited once they develop symptoms from AS, and ...
Derthoo David - - 2013
We retrospectively followed 250 patients who started dialysis between 2005 and 2009 to clarify the prevalence, the prognosis and the prescribed heart failure treatment of systolic heart failure patients on dialysis. This cohort was divided according to left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF): group A with a reduced LVEF (< or ...
Roubille François - - 2013
Several trials investigating erythropoietin as a novel cytoprotective agent in myocardial infarction (MI) failed to translate promising preclinical results into the clinical setting. These trials could have missed crucial events occurring in the first few minutes of reperfusion. Our study differs by earlier intracoronary administration of a longer-acting erythropoietin analogue ...
He Bo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Atrial ganglionated plexi (GP) have been shown to modulate sinus rate, atrioventricular conduction and atrial electrophysiology. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of low-intensity GP stimulation (GPS) on ventricular electrophysiological properties in normal heart and on ventricular arrhythmogenesis after acute myocardial ischemia (AMI) in canine. ...
Karabay Can Yucel - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The association between oral contraceptives (OC) and myocardial infarction remains controversial. The new generation contraceptive Yasmin (30 µg ethinyl estradiol and 3 mg drospirenone) has a lower estrogen and newer progestin component. To date, there are no data available for the myocardial infarction risk and outcome for drospirenone. We ...
Okumura Satoshi - - 2013
High low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (L/H) ratio is associated with progressions of coronary arteriosclerosis and chronic kidney disease. On the other hand, renal function markedly declined after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The aims of the present study were (1) to identify what type of patients with AMI would have ...
Gao Wen - - 2013
We evaluated the impact of triple antiplatelet therapy on platelet reactivity, reducing cardiovascular events and the safety in obese patients undergoing coronary stenting. Obese patients (n = 428) undergoing coronary stenting were randomly assigned to 2 groups: standard dual group (clopidogrel plus aspirin, n = 215) and triple group (n ...
Teragawa Hiroki - - 2013
To investigate endothelium-dependent and -independent coronary microvascular functions in patients with vasospastic angina (VSA). Thirty-six patients with VSA (30 men and 6 women; mean age, 58 years) were enrolled in this study. VSA was defined as ≥ 90% narrowing of the epicardial coronary arteries on angiography performed during a spasm ...
Geng Wei - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of early angioplasty within 12 h and selective angioplasty 1 week later after successful thrombolysis in acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. METHODS: A total of 224 patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who received thrombolysis with ...
Liu Xiao-Lan - - 2013
The integrin β1 subunit and its downstream molecule focal adhesion kinase have been identified as critical molecules for the inhibition of postinfarction cardiac remodeling, ischemic cardiomyopathy, and heart failure. However, as a component of the integrin pathway, it is still unclear whether Dock180 (dedicator of cytokinesis 1) protein is expressed ...
Li Jing - - 2013
AimsFractional flow reserve (FFR) is the reference standard for the assessment of the functional significance of coronary artery stenoses, but is underutilized in daily clinical practice. We aimed to study long-term outcomes of FFR-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the general clinical practice.Methods and resultsIn this retrospective study, consecutive patients ...
Ozawa Koya - - 2013
PURPOSE: If specific organized substrates of ventricular-fibrillation (VF) are identified, they may provide important-information for prevention of sudden-cardiac-death. To identify specific organized substrates of VF, we compared 320-slice CT heart images in non-ischemic VF subjects with non-ischemic sustained and non-sustained ventricular-tachycardia (VT) subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a ...
Dai Wangde - - 2013
Aims:We determined whether implantation of heart tissue-derived decellularized matrix, which contains native biochemical and structural matrix composition, could thicken the infarcted left ventricular (LV) wall and improve LV function in a rat myocardial infarction model.Methods and RESULTS: Myocardial infarction was induced by left coronary ligation in Fischer rats. One week ...
Bozok S - - 2013
Aim. The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of intracoronary shunt during off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery in patients with isolated left anterior descending coronary artery lesion. Methods. Forty patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass using the left internal mammary artery to bypass the left anterior descending ...
Park Keun-Ho - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the endothelialization and the inflammatory responses depending on the administration duration of triple anti-platelet therapy at overlapping bioabsorbable polymer coated biolimus-eluting stents (BESs) in a porcine coronary model. METHODS: We successfully deployed 36 overlapping BESs for the left anterior descending coronary and left ...
Albayrak Neslihan - - 2013
Recent studies report that cardiovascular mortality is more common in patients with spondyloarthropathy (SpA) compared with the normal population. In this study, we aimed to determine left ventricular systolic and diastolic functions using tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) in addition to conventional methods in undifferentiated SpA (uSpA) patients. A total of ...
Jiang Feng-Xia - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony (LVMD) in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients using two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (2D-STI), and also to compare the usefulness of three patterns of myocardial deformation in mechanical dyssynchrony assessment. Furthermore, the relationships between left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), ...
Itoi Toshiyuki - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The angiotensin type 2 (AT2)-receptor plays a unique role on growth inhibition in adult myocardium via modulation of ceramide synthesis. Angiotensin type 1 (AT1)-receptor blockade results in increased AT2-receptor activation by angiotensin II, and AT1-receptor blockers are sometimes prescribed to children for the treatment of cardiac hypertrophy or heart ...
Erturk Mehmet - - 2013
AIM: The aim of our study was to evaluate atrial electromechanical delay (AEMD) and left atrial mechanical functions (LAMF) in the patients with secundum-type atrial septal defect (ASD). METHOD: We included 72 patients with secundum type ASD in the study group and 35 gender and age-matched healthy volunteers for the ...
Wang Jiang - - 2013
Abstract Objective: We investigated the myocardial protective effect of sevoflurane in patients receiving off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) and the role of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). Design: Forty-eight patients receiving elective OPCABG were randomly assigned to a control group, and 0.75 MAC, 1.0 MAC and 1.5 MAC sevoflurane groups. ...
Youngquist Scott T - - 2013
AIMS: To compare the effects of two TNF-α antagonists, etanercept and infliximab, on post-cardiac arrest haemodynamics and global left ventricular function (LV) in a swine model following ventricular fibrillation (VF) METHODS: Domestic swine (n=30) were placed under general anaesthesia and instrumented before VF was induced electrically. After 7minutes of VF, ...
Barbosa José Augusto A - - 2013
AIMS: Obesity has become a major health problem worldwide. Cardiovascular abnormalities have been described not only in obese adults but also in obese children and adolescents. The aim of the present study was to investigate left and right, systolic and diastolic ventricular dysfunction in obese paediatric patients without comorbidities using ...
Wang Linlin - - 2013
We hypothesized that overexpression of cGMP-dependent protein kinase type 1α (PKG1α) could mimic the effect of tadalafil on the survival of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) contributing to regeneration of the ischemic heart. MSCs from male rats were transduced with adenoviral vector encoding for PKG1α ((PKG1α)MSCs).Controls included native ...
Sasao Hisataka - - 2013
Previous studies based on coronary angiography or computed tomography coronary angiography have demonstrated a high prevalence of coronary stenosis in patients with cerebral infarction and no prior history of coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of the present study was to compare the coronary angiographic findings of patients with prior ...
Jiang Zhi-Hui - - 2013
In recent years, the alleviation of acute myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury (MI/RI) during myocardial reperfusion has presented a significant clinical challenge. This study was performed to investigate the effects of fasudil hydrochloride (FH) postconditioning on MI/RI and the underlying mechanism. Seventy-two rats were randomly divided into four groups: a ...
Ayhan Erkan - - 2013
Incompleted ST segment resolution (STR) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with worse clinical outcomes. To investigate the association between plasma N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels on admission and STR after reperfusion, in a patient with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary PCI. After exclusion, ...
Erer Hatice Betül - - 2013
Ventricular hypertrabeculation/noncompaction is a morphologic and functional anomaly of myocardium characterized by prominent trabeculae accompanied by deep recessus. Dilated cardiomyopathy with left ventricular failure is observed in these patients, while the cause or pathophysiologic nature of this complication is not known. Anti-troponin antibodies are formed against circulating cardiac troponins after ...
Luo Suxin - - 2013
To investigate the correlation between serum adiponectin (ADP) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) as well as risk factors in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). 90 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who were subjected to coronary angiography were involved. Among the patients, 41 had acute myocardial infarction (AMI), ...
Lindefjeld Dante S - - 2013
Distal embolization of thrombus/platelet aggregates decreases myocardial reperfusion during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and is associated with worse immediate and long-term prognosis of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Assess the efficacy of a mesh covered stent (MGuard™ stent, MGS) in preventing distal embolization and microvascular reperfusion impairment during ...
Kim Eun Hyuk - - 2013
Middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory infarct is the most common type of cerebral vascular territory infarct. Accurate prediction of motor outcome is important for stroke rehabilitation. We conducted an investigation of prognostic factors of motor outcome in patients with a large MCAterritory infarction, using diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) of the ...
Chodór Paweł - - 2013
Atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFL) often coexist. In some patients, AF remission is seen after successful percutaneous radiofrequency current ablation of the cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI). To evaluate factors affecting AF remission in patients with typical AFL and concomitant AF who underwent CTI ablation. The study included consecutive 69 ...
Grygier Marek - - 2013
Objectives: The aim of this single-center, randomized placebo-controlled trial in 70 consecutive patients (64 ± 14 years) with acute myocardial infarction was to examine the role of a new protocol of adenosine administration during primary angioplasty on immediate electrocardiographic and angiographic results, clinical outcome and 1-year follow-up. Methods: Group A ...
Sharma Jayendra - - 2013
ABSTRACT: Adderall (amphetamine, dextroamphetamine mixed salts), a widely prescribed stimulant for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents, is considered safe with due precautions. Nonmedical use of Adderall is prevalent and rising in high school and college students. Use of prescribed Adderall without intention to overdose as a ...
Wang Liping - - 2013
Background: The integrin β1 subunit and its downstream molecules such as integrin-linked kinase (ILK) and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) are indispensable to the inhibition of postinfarction cardiac remodeling, ischemic cardiomyopathy, and heart failure. As a component of the integrin pathway, C3G (Crk SH3-domain-binding guanine nucleotide exchange factor) protein may also ...
Fallahi Babak - - 2013
Although it has been shown that acute beta-blocker administration may reduce the presence or severity of myocardial perfusion defects with dipyridamole stress, little information is available about the potential effect of chronic beta-blocker treatment on the sensitivity of dipyridamole myocardial perfusion imaging (DMPI). As a randomized clinical trial, one ...
Chen Bo - - 2013
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is one of the major angiogenic factors being studied for the treatment of ischemic heart diseases. Our previous study demonstrated adenovirus-HGF was effective in myocardial ischemia models. The first clinical safety study showed a positive effect in patients with severe and diffused triple coronary disease. 12 ...
Chen Gui-Bing - - 2013
The aims of this study were to evaluate the diagnostic value of adenosine thallium-201 myocardial perfusion imaging and to compare it with exercise stress thallium-201 myocardial perfusion imaging for detecting coronary artery disease (CAD) at an early stage. Forty-one patients suspected with CAD were randomly divided into two groups. In ...
Kycina P - - 2013
Aim: This study was conducted to study the association between alcohol consumption and cardiovascular events and echocardiographical parameters in 100 consumers with the average daily dose <120 g and ≥120 g of alcohol per day during a 4-year follow-up. Methods: 100 patients/heavy alcohol consumers (on average ≥ 80 g daily), ...
Zeng Xiao-Cong - - 2013
We investigated the potential of telmisartan to improve microvascular dysfunction induced by myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury by activating the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) pathway. Forty-eight male rabbits were randomly allocated into sham-operated, I/R, GW9662, telmisartan, telmisartan-GW9662, or candesartan groups. Rabbits were anesthetized, and the left anterior descending coronary artery ...
Wada Tadashi - - 2013
Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) after percutaneous coronary intervention increases the risk of bleeding. We studied the safety and clinical outcomes of switching from DAPT to aspirin monotherapy at 3 months after ZES implantation. We retrospectively evaluated 168 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease who had been implanted with a ZES ...
Jinnouchi Hiroyuki - - 2013
Clinical features and outcomes of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the young have been poorly investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features and hospital outcomes of AMI in young Japanese. We conducted a case-control study. A total of 53 consecutive AMI patients whose age was ...
Kanno Yoshinori - - 2013
Chlorogenic acid (CGA), which is a key component of coffee, has many biological effects such as anti-inflammation activity. However, the effects of CGA on ventricular remodeling after myocardial ischemia have not been well investigated. To test the hypothesis that CGA can attenuate chronic ventricular remodeling after myocardial ischemia, we orally ...
Grąbczewska Zofia - - 2013
Left ventricular (LV) systolic function is a significant prognostic factor in patients after myocardial infarction (MI). Multiple angiogenic and inflammatory factors are involved in postinfarction LV remodelling process. In addition, CD34+progenitor cells mobilised from bone marrow and tissue niches participate in regeneration of the infarcted myocardium. To examine relationships between ...
Esmaeili Vardanjani Safar Ali - - 2013
Management of risk factors and heart health indexes in the patients who have been diagnosed with myocardial infarction will result in prevention of secondary myocardial infarction, reduction of postimprovement mortality, increase of life span and improvement of life quality. Patient education has been found to be one of the most ...
Xin Xue - - 2013
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the highest mortality diseases in the world. Traditional Chinese medicine compound Danshen dripping pills (CDDPs) have currently made a great achievement in treating CHD. However, the therapeutic mechanism of CDDP is often poorly interpreted. In this study, a GC-MS-based metabonomic study was conducted ...
Ikeda Satoshi - - 2013
Edaravone is a free radical scavenger that protects the adjacent cortex during cerebral infarction. We created a hemiparetic model of cerebral thrombosis from a photochemically induced infarction with the photosensitive dye, rose bengal, in rats. We examined the effects of edaravone on recovery in the model. A total of 36 ...
Cheng Ze-Dong - - 2013
Recent evidence suggests that chloride (CL(-)) channels are involved in myocardial ischemia. In this study, the impact of acupuncture on the protein expressions of Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) and CLC-2 CL(-) channel of the rats with myocardial ischemia were tested and its mechanism was explored. The rats for ...
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