Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1912
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Gatzoulis Konstantinos A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: -We considered the role of programmed ventricular stimulation (PVS) in primary prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in an idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) population. METHODS AND RESULTS: -158 IDCM patients underwent PVS. Ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) was triggered in 44 patients (group I, 27.8%) versus 114 patients (group II) ...
Bockeria Leo A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the graft patency rate following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) to the left anterior descending artery (LAD) with proximal myocardial bridging (MB). While MB is generally a benign coronary abnormality, ischemia, stunning, and sudden death have been reported. In symptomatic patients with proximal LAD systolic ...
Sapouna Rallou - - 2013
Troponin I (cTnI) is a very sensitive biochemical marker for the diagnosis of myocardial infarction (MI). Cardiac troponin (cTnI or cTnT) has nearly absolute myocardial tissue specificity, thereby reflecting even microscopic zones of myocardial necrosis. The aim of this study is to evaluate the pericardial fluid levels of cTnI in ...
Karpov Andrey A - - 2013
This study aimed to investigate the effect of bone marrow- and adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cell (BM-MSC and AD-MSC respectively) transplantation on left ventricular function and infarct area (IA) in the rat model of ischaemic heart failure. In anaesthetized Wistar rats, the left coronary artery (LCA) was occluded for 40 min ...
Liu Chang - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Myocardial functional recovery after revascularization is considered the "gold standard" for myocardial viability (MV) assessment. However, the patency of the revascularized coronary artery affects myocardial functional recovery in patients subjected to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The influence of graft patency on viability results has not been widely studied. ...
Yuksel V - - 2013
Aims:The aim of this study was to investigate whether normothermic bypass is superior to mild hypothermia in patients with poor left ventricular function. This was achieved by studying defibrillation rates, postoperative requirements of cardiac pacing or other morbidity issues and mortality in patients with left ventricular dysfunction operated upon for ...
RechciƄski T - - 2013
Background: There are no reliable data concerning the safety and benefits of physical rehabilitation in patients with a two-vessel disease before the second stage of angioplasty. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of early cardiac rehabilitation in patients with acute coronary syndromes and with angiographically significant ...
Ma Yi - - 2013
The present study aimed to investigate the factors related to short-term prognosis in patients undergoing direct percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). A total of 805 patients were included and divided into a control group and an adverse cardiovascular events group based on the prognosis, ...
Zhang You - - 2013
The present study examined the optimal timing of tirofiban administration in moderate- or high-risk non-ST segment elevated acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Eligible patients were randomized into two groups. Tirofiban was administered routinely at ≥ 4 h before angiography (routine early group; n = 141 patients) or provisionally only ...
Tan Zheng - - 2013
The aim of this study was to observe and investigate the clinical efficacy of an intravenous drip of isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN) for the treatment of angina pectoris in coronary heart disease. A total of 102 patients with angina pectoris in coronary heart disease were divided into two groups. For the ...
Muschart Xavier - - 2013
Alcohol is the most widely tolerated and consumed drug worldwide. Alcohol consumption is associated with both good and bad cardiovascular effects. The link between drinking alcohol and heart disease, or arrhythmia, in healthy individuals or with existing heart disease has been well demonstrated. We report the case of a patient ...
Lotfi-Tokaldany Masoumeh - - 2013
Several echocardiographic markers have been introduced to assess the left ventricular (LV) mechanical dyssynchrony. We studied dyssynchrony markers and the latest LV activation site in heart failure patients with and without left bundle branch block (LBBB). Conventional echocardiography and tissue velocity imaging were performed for 78 patients (LV ejection fraction ...
Lin Xuefeng X Xuefeng Lin, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Xi'an Jiaotong University; Institute of Cardiovascular Channelopathy, Key Laboratory of Environment & Genes Related to Diseases (Xi'an Jiaotong University), Ministry of Education; Key Laboratory of Molecular Cardiology, Shannxi Province; No.277 Yanta West Road, Xi'an, 710061, P. R. - - 2013
Objective: To explore the effects of preoperative administration of conventional doses of atorvastatin plus trimetazidine on the myocardial injury of patients during the perioperative period of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methodology: 475 cases of acute coronary syndrome patients before PCI were randomly divided into the control group (238 cases) and ...
Pandey Anil Kumar - - 2013
Obesity is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. A direct effect of isolated obesity on cardiac function is not well established. The study was designed to determine the direct effect of various grades of isolated obesity on Echocardiographic indices of systolic and diastolic left ventricular function. Forty five overweight ...
Apps Andrew - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) programmes vary in admission criteria from open referral to acceptance of electrocardiogram (ECG) protocol positive patients only. Rigid criteria may result in some patients with acutely occluded coronary arteries not receiving timely reperfusion therapy. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of acute coronary occlusion and, ...
Mizukoshi Masato - - 2013
The characteristics of coronary artery calcium responsible for vulnerable plaque remain incompletely elucidated. We used optical coherence tomography to investigate the characteristics of coronary calcium in acute myocardial infarction (AMI), unstable angina pectoris (UAP), and stable angina pectoris (SAP). We evaluated calcium deposits in the culprit lesions (30-mm segment) using ...
Shishikura Daisuke - - 2013
Background: Mechanical reperfusion has proven to be an unquestionably superior treatment strategy over that of thrombolytic therapy in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Excimer laser coronary angioplasty (ELCA) is a unique revascularization device that has a lytic effect on thrombus, in addition to its debulking effect on the atherosclerotic plaque ...
Walker Robin K - - 2013
Since its advent, alcohol has been utilized throughout history socially, for rituals, worship, and for its therapeutic, antibacterial, and analgesic properties. In moderation, alcohol consumption and its use are generally viewed as clinically beneficial. Excessive alcohol consumption on the other hand has been recognized as having several adverse implications. Excessive ...
Ishii Shunsuke - - 2013
Although an increased heart rate (HR) is a strong predictor of poor prognosis in cases of chronic heart failure (HF), the clinical value of HR as a predictor in acute decompensated HF (ADHF) is unclear. Seventy-eight patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDCM) with sinus rhythm who were first hospitalized for ...
Baker Polly - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Many studies have demonstrated a rise in troponin and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels following prolonged and/or strenuous exercise. Only one study looked at athletes who collapse and this showed no difference in cardiac biomarkers between those who collapsed and those who completed without requiring medical attention. We set ...
Lukács Edit - - 2013
The diagnostic characteristics of electromechanical mapping (EMM) were evaluated in porcine myocardial infarction (MI) models with the parallel application of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) from the aspect of different pathophysiology and localization. Balloon occlusion in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD balloon group) or coil deployment in the ...
Alici Gokhan - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is the standard treatment in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Thrombectomy devices are used to remove thrombus or to prevent embolization of thrombus and plaque during PPCI. QT dispersion (the difference between maximal and minimal QT interval calculated on a standard 12-lead ...
Zheng Si-Dao - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the regulatory effects of Shenfu Injection (SFI, ) on hemodynamic parameters and serum proteins in rats with post-infarction chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: Forty-five healthy Wistar rats were randomized into three groups: sham, heart failure (model) and SFI group. The CHF was induced by left coronary artery ...
Xiao Mingyue - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Ischaemia-induced angiogenesis promises to improve neovascularization by delivery of angiogenic factors or endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) to cardiac ischaemic areas. In order to avoid the risk of excessive myocardial ischaemia, therefore, we hypothesized that physiological ischaemic training (PIT) of normal skeletal muscle might contribute to myocardial angiogenesis via nitric ...
Martínez Gonzalo - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hypercholesterolemia is a strong risk factor for myocardial infarction (MI). There is scarce information regarding lipoprotein levels among patients with MI in Latin America as well as about the association of very early statin therapy during the course of acute MI. HYPOTHESIS: Very early statin prescription might be associated ...
Hayashi Daisuke - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether the (99m)Tc-sestamibi (MIBI) washout rate (WR) would predict mitochondrial damage and myocardial dysfunction in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients. BACKGROUND: Myocardial mitochondrial damage reduces ATP production, resulting in myocardial dysfunction. Increased myocardial (99m)Tc-MIBI washout is reportedly caused by mitochondrial dysfunction. METHODS: Twenty DCM patients (NYHA I to ...
Ternacle J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Diuretics are conventionally prohibited in acute right ventricular myocardial infarction. AIMS: To assess the benefit of diuretics compared to fluid expansion in patients with inferior myocardial infarction extended to the right ventricule. METHODS: Of 295 patients admitted for inferior or posterior acute myocardial infarction between November 2008 and November ...
Gullu Hakan - - 2013
SUBJECTS: Thirty-six patients with psoriasis and 56 healthy volunteers were included in this study. METHODS: Echocardiographic examination included transmitral peak flow velocities of the early phase (E) and late phase (A) of the mitral inflow, left ventricular myocardial velocity measurements, and coronary flow reserve (CFR) measurement. RESULTS: Baseline coronary diastolic ...
Grall Sylvain - - 2013
Remote ischemic perconditioning (RIPer) and local ischemic postconditioning (IPost) are promising methods to decrease ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. We tested whether these two methods were effective in reducing infarct size through activation of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response, a potential survival pathway. Rats exposed to myocardial I/R were allocated to one ...
Armstrong Paul W PW Canadian Virtual Coordinating Centre for Global Collaborative Cardiovascular Research, University of Alberta, Edmonton, - - 2013
It is not known whether prehospital fibrinolysis, coupled with timely coronary angiography, provides a clinical outcome similar to that with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) early after acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Among 1892 patients with STEMI who presented within 3 hours after symptom onset and who were unable ...
Lu Minjie - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Our preliminary study suggested that patients with chronic myocardial infarction (MI) and heart failure could potentially benefit from CABG combined with aBM-MNC by improving global left ventricular (LV) function. The purpose of this sub-study was to quantitatively evaluate the effectiveness of aBM-MNC transplantation during CABG in patients with chronic ...
Liu Yu - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) exacerbates coronary artery disease (CAD) morbidity and mortality. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) play an important therapeutic role in myocardial ischemic injury. However, little is known about changes in the cardioprotective characteristics of MSCs from patients with DM. METHODS: Sternal bone marrow aspirates were taken at the ...
Shen Bo - - 2013
The expression level of CC-chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) is enhanced post inflammatory stimulations and might play a crucial role on inflammatory cells infiltration post myocardial ischemia. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of CCR5 on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats. Adult male rats were randomized ...
Gao Xia-Qing - - 2013
To explore mechanism and protective effect of rosiglitazone on myocardial ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury. A total of 48 male Japanese white big-ear rabbits were randomly divided into control group (A), I/R group (B), low dose of rosiglitazone group (C), high dose of rosiglitazone group (D). Plasma concentration of and also ...
Zhang Qi - - 2013
Transradial access has been increasingly used during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in last decade. Clinical benefits of upstream use of tirfiban therapy in STEMI patients treated by primary PCI have been reported. We investigated the merits of transradial vs. transfemoral ...
Chang Zhi-Tang - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to explore the therapeutic effects of peripheral blood-derived endothelial progenitor cells (PB-EPC) in cardiac ischemia-reperfusion infarction models in rats and in in vitro culture systems. METHODS: Rat models of ischemia reperfusion and myocardial infarction were developed using male, Sprague--Dawley rats. Cardiomyocyte and endothelial cell cultures were ...
Lee Cheol Whan - - 2013
We investigated the polarization states of macrophages in coronary atherectomy tissues retrieved from patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI, n = 52) or stable angina pectoris (SAP, n = 22). The specimens were analyzed immunohistochemically using antibodies specific to CD11c (M1 marker), CD206 (M2 marker), and to markers of endothelial ...
Lishmanov Yuri - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to elucidate the role of nuclear medicine imaging in the selection of candidates for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and in the evaluation of CRT effectiveness METHODS: We studied 28 patients (19 male and 9 female) with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and heart failure (HF). ...
Liu Xiao - - 2013
To investigate the effects of tirofiban on the no-reflow phenomenon of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) rats received reperfusion, as well as the underlying mechanisms. Fifty-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: Sham operation group (Sham), AMI/reperfusion group (AMI/R), Tirofiban group (Tiro) and Tiro+N-nitro-L-arginine group (L-NNA; an endothelial ...
Karbasi-Afshar Reza - - 2013
Negative T (NT) wave in electrocardiography (ECG) is one of the important factors in determining short- and long-term outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). In this study, we compared clinical and paraclinical findings in post-MI patients according to presence or absence of NT wave. A cross-sectional study was ...
Sá Michel Pompeu Barros de Oliveira - - 2013
To compare the safety and efficacy at long-term follow-up of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug-eluting stents (DES) in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL/CCTR, SciELO, LILACS, Google Scholar and reference lists of relevant articles were searched for ...
Lee Sang-Rok - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: As most clinical studies measure WBV from peripheral samples, potential differences in WBV obtained from the coronary arteries are often ignored. This study investigated differences in WBV measured from coronary artery specimens in patients with and without acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients with chest pain ...
Abbate Antonio - - 2013
A first pilot study of interleukin-1 blockade in ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction showed improved remodeling. In the present second pilot study, we enrolled 30 patients with clinically stable ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction randomized to anakinra, recombinant interleukin-1 receptor antagonist, 100 mg/day for 14 days or placebo in a ...
Guzel Savas S Department of Biochemistry, Namik Kemal University Faculty of Medicine, Tekirdag, Turkey. - - 2013
Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is characterized by increased inflammatory processes and endothelial activation. We investigated the association between ACS and inflammatory mediators and matrix-degrading enzymes. We prospectively enrolled 55 consecutive patients with ACS: 25 with unstable angina (UA) and 30 with non-ST elevated myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). For comparison, 25 age- ...
Morgera Tullio - - 2013
AIMS: Ventricular tachycardia spreading from the anterior or posterior division of the left bundle branch is generally called fascicular tachycardia (FT). We will present our experience with FT, a type of ventricular tachycardia not necessarily implying the absence of heart disease and/or sensitivity to selective antiarrhythmic drugs, but only particular ...
Mohr Friedrich W - - 2013
We report the 5-year results of the SYNTAX trial, which compared coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for the treatment of patients with left main coronary disease or three-vessel disease, to confirm findings at 1 and 3 years. The randomised, clinical SYNTAX trial with nested ...
Haridasan Vellani - - 2013
Dysfunction of the coronary microcirculation is considered as one of the factors responsible for symptoms and abnormal stress tests in patients with angina and normal coronaries (syndrome X). We sought to evaluate the usefulness of coronary sinus filling time (CSFT) to assess coronary microcirculation in this group of patients. We ...
Miana Leonardo A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Traditional pulmonary artery banding (PAB) is not always suitable for mature subpulmonary ventricle retraining. We sought to assess in detail the myocardial morphologic adaptations of two different protocols for inducing right ventricular (RV) hypertrophy in an adult animal model. METHODS: Eighteen adult goats were distributed into three groups: sham ...
Yamada Shinya - - 2013
Background: It has been shown that sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is associated with adverse prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), but little is known about the relationship between SDB and life-threatening arrhythmias. Methods and Results: Fifty patients with CHF and SDB (33 male; mean age, 61 years) underwent Holter electrocardiogram and ...
Yi Gijong - - 2013
Background We aimed to assess the impact of C-reactive protein (CRP) on clinical outcomes after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG).Methods Seven hundred fifty-five consecutive OPCABG patients were divided into two groups according to their preoperative CRP level (normal CRP [NCRP] group [CRP ≤ 6.0 mg/L] versus high CRP [HCRP] ...
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