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Brady William J - - 2005
The ECG has limitations in the evaluation of the chest-pain patient, including the presence of confounding ECG patterns; the ECG patterns that confound the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction(AMI) include left bundle branch block (LBBB), ventricular paced rhythms (VPR), and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). These patterns produce new ST-segment/T-wave abnormalities, ...
Kanai Hiroshi - - 2005
Though myocardial viscoelasticity is essential in the evaluation of heart diastolic properties, it has never been noninvasively measured in vivo. By the ultrasonic measurement of the myocardial motion, we have already found that some pulsive waves are spontaneously excited by aortic-valve closure (AVC) at end-systole (T0). These waves may serve ...
Bodí Vicente - - 2006
AIMS: We aimed to characterize the extension of Q-waves after a first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction using body surface map (BSM) and its relationship with infarct size quantified with cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-five patients were studied 6 months after a first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction ...
Harland C J - - 2005
Conventional electrocardiogram (ECG) systems make use of separate electrical connections to the arms and legs. These use a 'long baseline' for the voltage reference potential which in the case of precordial ECG leads is provided using a Wilson central terminal (WCT) wiring configuration. The aims of this project were (a) ...
Punske Bonnie B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Epicardial potentials reveal the strong effects of fiber anisotropy, rotation, imbrication, and coupling on propagation in the intact heart. From the patterns of the surface potentials, we can obtain information about the local fiber orientation, anisotropy, the transmural fiber rotation, and which direction the wave front is traveling through ...
Atar Shaul - - 2005
The standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) remains the most useful tool for the diagnosis, early risk stratification, triage, and guidance of therapy in patients with acute coronary syndromes. However, the initial and the terminal part of the QRS complex, the ST segments, and the T waves are influenced by anatomical and ...
Madias John E - - 2005
A 54-year-old man with congestive heart failure and peripheral edema was monitored during treatment with serial electrocardiograms (ECGs) and two signal-averaged ECGs. Weights and a host of ECG parameters were monitored. ECGs recorded in the 5 years before his index admission were also considered in the quantitative ECG analysis. Amelioration ...
Perez de Isla Leopoldo - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: QRS complex width is not an accurate marker of cardiac asynchrony. Our aims were to determine the prevalence of cardiac asynchrony by Doppler echocardiography for patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and to evaluate whether QRS width is a reliable method for detecting asynchrony. METHODS: In all, 316 consecutive ...
Pierard L A - - 2005
To determine whether persistent versus early or delayed T wave normalisation of negative T waves after acute myocardial infarction is determined by the myocardial state, the treatment strategy, or both. 127 consecutive patients with a first acute myocardial infarction and > or = 2 negative T waves on the 24-36 ...
Haghjoo Majid - - 2006
Microvolt T-wave alternans (TWA) testing involves measuring variation in the morphology of the T-wave on an every other beat basis. The magnitude of the variation observed is typically on the order of a few microvolts. Thus in order to detect microvolt TWA, specialized recording and signal processing methods must be ...
Triola Brian - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We sought to analyze the value of infrequently measured parameters of the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) in predicting cardiovascular events in women with suspected myocardial ischemia who were referred for cardiac catheterization. BACKGROUND: Routinely analyzed ECG parameters have low predictive value for cardiovascular events in women with preserved left ventricular ...
Konno Tetsuo - - 2005
We report regression of the abnormal Q waves of an inferior old myocardial infarction after an additional anterior acute myocardial infarction, and demonstrate the scintigraphic correlation and chronological course of this phenomenon. Scintigraphic findings in the present case here may contribute to an interpretation of regression of abnormal Q waves ...
Petrovici Radu - - 2005
To identify electrocardiogram (ECG) variables predicting the severity of previous posterior wall myocardial infarction as measured by technetium-99m-Sestamibi rest single-photon emission computed tomography, we assessed agreement between ECG criteria and posterior wall perfusion defects (PWPDs) in 236 patients. Established ECG criteria for posterior and posterolateral infarctions were present in 22% ...
Harvey A M - - 2005
The aim of this study was to determine whether changes in body position alter feline electrocardiographic parameters. Forty-seven cats referred to the Feline Unit of the University of Bristol had electrocardiograms (ECGs) recorded. Only cats presenting in sinus rhythm were included in the study (n = 41). ECGs were recorded ...
Rosman Jonathan - - 2005
T-wave inversion in areas of Q-wave myocardial infarction has been advocated as a predictor of myocardial viability. However, the predictive value of this electrocardiographic finding in distinguishing viable from nonviable muscle is not fully defined. Thus, we correlated electrocardiographic Q waves and a measure of T-wave inversion with the results ...
Ono Takuya - - 2005
BACKGROUND: T-wave morphology analysis (TMA) quantifies irregularities of ventricular repolarization based on singular value decomposition of the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). Furthermore, TMA is useful for risk stratification of patients with myocardial infarction (MI), although gender differences in TMA and the relationship between TMA and heart diseases are unknown. The aim ...
Wehling-Henricks Michelle - - 2005
Null mutation of dystrophin causes the lethal pathology of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) in which there is progressive pathology of skeletal and cardiac muscles. A large proportion of DMD patient deaths are attributable to cardiac dysfunction associated with ventricular fibrosis, arrhythmias and conduction abnormalities, although the relationships between the dystrophin ...
Laskey Warren K - - 2005
In-hospital major adverse clinical event (MACE) rates after percutaneous coronary intervention serve as benchmarks of performance. However, accelerated clinical pathways, decreased lengths of stay, and potential delayed effects of percutaneous coronary intervention may result in an underestimation of this traditional measurement of outcome. Records from patients in the first 3 ...
Marcus Frank I - - 2005
T-wave inversion in precordial leads V1 to V3 is present in <3% of apparently healthy subjects who are 19 to 45 years of age but is present in 87% of patients who have arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia. T-wave inversion in lead V2 or V3 in a young or middle-aged patients ...
Kaandorp Theodorus A M - - 2005
Studies have demonstrated that patients with Q-wave infarctions on the electrocardiogram (ECG) frequently have nontransmural scar formation, whereas non-Q-wave infarctions may have transmural scars. The precise pathophysiologic substrate that underlies Q waves remains unclear. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the preferred technique to evaluate patients who have infarction because information ...
Birnbaum Yochai - - 2005
The Electrocardiogram has extensively been used for evaluation and triage of patients with acute chest pain. The clinician admitting a patient with ST elevation acute myocardial infarction should be able to estimate the size and location of the ischemic area at risk, how much of the ischemic myocardium has already ...
Spackman Thomas N - - 2005
Analysis of the high-frequency (HF) components of the QRS complex has been shown to be a more sensitive indicator of myocardial ischemia and infarction than conventional ST segment analysis in settings outside of the operating room. In this study, we documented the effect of general anesthesia on HF QRS analysis ...
Steinberg Benjamin A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Magnetocardiography (MCG) is a noninvasive technology that measures the magnetic field of the heart by superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUID) sensors. The novelty of the present system is that the sensors can be operated without electromagnetic shielding of the examination room, thus allowing the system to be easily installed ...
Hlaing Thinn - - 2005
The electrocardiographic (ECG) manifestation of ventricular repolarization includes J (Osborn), T, and U waves. On the basis of biophysical principles of ECG recording, any wave on the body surface ECG represents a coincident voltage gradient generated by cellular electrical activity within the heart. The J wave is a deflection with ...
Henneberger Alexandra - - 2005
Epidemiologic studies report associations between particulate air pollution and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, but the underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms are still unclear. We tested the hypothesis that patients with preexisting coronary heart disease experience changes in the repolarization parameters in association with rising concentrations of air pollution. A prospective panel study ...
Bianco M - - 2005
The objective of the study was to analyze the presence of myocardial damage in relation to official boxing matches. Low-energy chest wall impact could be responsible for sudden cardiac death, i.e. commotio cordis. As boxing is a traumatic sport in which thoracic hits usually occur, it seems interesting to know ...
Zorio Esther - - 2005
Epsilon wave is an unusual electrocardiographical finding, which may appear in other pathological conditions besides the arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, particularly in the acute myocardial infarction of the right ventricle, the inferior, or the posterior wall of the left ventricle. Its real incidence in these acute coronary syndromes remains unknown ...
Carley Simon D - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine if body surface mapping (BSM) is better than the standard 12 lead ECG in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction amongst emergency department patients. SETTING: A University affiliated inner-city emergency department. PARTICIPANTS: People presenting to an emergency department with symptoms compatible with myocardial ischaemia/infarction. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ...
Shvilkin Alexei - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Postpacing precordial T-wave inversion (TWI), known as cardiac memory (CM), mimics ischemic precordial TWI, and there are no established ECG criteria that adequately distinguish between the two. On the basis of CM properties (postpacing sinus rhythm T vector approaching the direction of the paced QRS vector), we hypothesized that ...
Jowett N I - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Local observation has suggested that placing limb leads on the torso when recording the standard 12-lead resting electrocardiogram (ECG) has become commonplace. This non-standard modification has the important advantages of ease and speed of application, and in an emergency may be applied with minimal undressing. Limb movement artefact is ...
Mischke K - - 2005
To test the feasibility of a small and simple system for telephonic transmission of 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs), 70 patients with acute coronary syndrome admitted to the cardiac care unit (CCU) were included in a feasibility study. The transmission system consisted of a belt with multiple electrodes, which was positioned around ...
Sternick Eduardo Back - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the ECG profile of a cohort of patients with fasciculoventricular pathways and compare the profile with the ECG of patients with anteroseptal and midseptal accessory pathways. BACKGROUND: Electrophysiologic findings suggest fasciculoventricular pathways insert into the septal region. Findings also suggest the ...
Rastenyte Daiva - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the significance of sex in one-year prognosis of death from ischemic heart disease after a first-ever myocardial infarction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Kaunas men and women aged 25-64 years and admitted to the hospitals of Kaunas due to a first-ever myocardial infarction during 1983-1992, and with a first ...
Res Jan C J - - 2005
Bifocal RIGHT ventricular stimulation (BRIGHT) is an ongoing, randomized, single-blind, crossover study of atrial synchronized bi-right ventricular (RV) pacing in patients in New York Heart Association heart failure functional class III, a left ventricular ejection fraction <35%, left bundle branch block and QRS complexes >/=120 ms. This analysis compared the ...
MacKenzie Ross - - 2005
Poor R-wave progression is a common ECG pattern, which is often inconclusively interpreted by medical directors. Although this ECG pattern is commonly attributed to anterior myocardial infarction, it may also be caused by left bundle branch block, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, right and left ventricular hypertrophy as well as by faulty ECG ...
Hoffman Irwin - - 2005
The T-wave of the electrocardiogram (ECG) is generated both from the left and the right ventricles of the heart. Each ventricle may produce a normal, an "ischemic", or a "secondary" T-wave, depending on segmental perfusion, intraventricular pressure, or QRS complex duration. The direction of the T-wave is determined by the ...
Ananthasubramaniam Karthikeyan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The extent of Q wave 'burden' on electrocardiograms (ECGs) has not been correlated with the extent of scarring and hibernation as determined quantitatively by positron emission tomography (PET). OBJECTIVE: A retrospective study was performed to identify if ECG Q wave burden predicts the extent of scarring or mismatch (hibernating ...
Wong Frankie W H - - 2005
Hypothermia can result from exposure to a cold environment (e.g., accidental drowning) or it can be induced and used as a brain protection strategy (e.g., therapeutic hypothermia). One common ECG presentation with hypothermia is the J wave, which is related to the altered cellular activities during hypothermia. A case study ...
Akdemir Ramazan - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia occurring in about 10-20% of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). P-wave dispersion (PWd) and P-wave duration (PWD) have been used to evaluate the discontinuous propagation of sinus impulse and the prolongation of atrial conduction time, respectively. This study was conducted to ...
Yamazaki Takuya - - 2005
The purpose of this study was to validate the prognostic value of computer-derived measurements of the spatial alignment of ventricular depolarization and repolarization from the standard 12-lead ECG in a general medical population. Analyses were performed on the first ECG digitally recorded from 46,573 consecutive patients since 1987. QRS and ...
Aytemir Kudret - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Onset of atrial fibrillation in hypertensive patients is usually associated with a high occurrence of cardiovascular complications. Therefore, it is important to assess non-invasively the risk of developing paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) in hypertensive patients during sinus rhythm. This study was undertaken to determine if hypertensive patients with history ...
Koga Yoshinori - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: To clarify the mechanisms of abnormal Q waves in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), local epicardial electrical activities were assessed by intracoronary electrocardiography (ECG). METHODS AND RESULTS: Unipolar intracoronary ECG was recorded by introducing a guide wire for angioplasty into the left anterior descending artery (LAD) in 20 patients with HCM ...
Correale Ernesto - - 2004
The pathogenesis of U-wave inversion and its clinical value are still not clear, although the U wave was described by Einthoven together with the other electrocardiographic (ECG) waves. Not considered a useful diagnostic clue, it is not usually mentioned in ECG reports. In recent years, stimulated by the long QT ...
Jacobsen Michael D - - 2005
AIMS: To investigate the prognostic value of T-wave abnormalities in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS), and whether such ECG changes may predict benefit from an early coronary angiography. Although ST-segment changes are considered the most important ECG feature in NSTE-ACS, T-wave abnormalities are the most common ECG ...
Finsterer Josef - - 2005
Cardiac involvement (CI) in form of myocardial thickening in a patient with genetically confirmed facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHMD) has not been reported. The patient is a 50-year-old male with a tandem repeat size of 17 and 14 kb in the D4Z4 locus on chromosome 4q35. The clinical cardiologic investigation was ...
Altun Armagan - - 2005
We investigated whether spontaneous normalization of negative T waves (TWN) on infarct-related ECG leads (IRLs) in the chronic phase of Q wave anterior myocardial infarction (MI) could be a predictor of residual viability in infarct areas. We prospectively studied 35 patients (age 60 +/- 8.6 years) in the chronic phase ...
Wong Teck Wee - - 2004
ST-segment elevations in the right ventricular lead and those greater in lead III than in lead II strongly suggest that right, rather than left circumflex, coronary arterial occlusion occurs in acute myocardial infarction in the inferior wall. Our study demonstrated that, in the very early stages of infarction, a T-wave ...
Marrugat Jaume - - 2004
The type of acute coronary syndrome may account for different prognoses between men and women after myocardial infarction. This study assessed gender differences in 28-day mortality rates for first or recurrent Q-wave and non-Q-wave myocardial infarctions and unstable angina by using data from 5 registries that included 20,836 patients (24.8% ...
Nakazawa Kiyoshi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The significance of higher intercostal space electrocardiography (HICS ECG) for the detection of the Brugada sign was investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: The subjects consisted of 113 cases (108 males, 5 females; mean age, 57+/-17 years) with incomplete right bundle branch block type QRS morphology and ST-segment elevation (>0.10 mV) ...
Bursac Nenad - - 2004
A variety of chemical and biological nonlinear excitable media, including heart tissue, can support stable, self-organized waves of activity in a form of rotating single-arm spirals. In particular, heart tissue can support stationary and meandering spirals of electrical excitation, which have been shown to underlie different forms of cardiac arrhythmias. ...
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