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Marsh Eleanor - - 2008
Many patients with potentially life-threatening cardiac conditions presenting with transient loss of consciousness are referred first to neurology clinics. Therefore, neurologists must remain competent to interpret electrocardiograms (ECGs) and in particular be able to identify those rare conditions that predict sudden cardiac death. A 12-lead ECG is cheap and readily ...
Chutani S - - 2008
Brugada syndrome is one of the important causes of sudden cardiac death in young adults. The condition is associated with typical ECG changes in anteroseptal leads V1 and V2 that can be unmasked by various medications, electrolyte disturbances, and even by the febrile state in susceptible individuals. The case history ...
Atrial flutter (AFl) may exist with or without underlying structural heart disease. Typical AFl presents as a "sawtooth" pattern on the ECG - with inverted flutter (F) waves in the inferior leads and upright F waves in V1. This morphology offers no direct clues as to the underlying cardiac disorder, ...
Kosar Feridun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have documented a variety of electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities in obesity, P-wave alterations, which represent an increased risk for atrial arrhythmia, have not been studied very well in these patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate P-wave duration and P dispersion (Pd) in obese ...
Kríz Jan - - 2008
Noninvasive recording of movements caused by the heartbeat and the blood circulation is known as ballistocardiography. Several studies have shown the capability of a force plate to detect cardiac activity in the human body. The aim of this paper is to present a new method based on differential geometry of ...
Moody Gb - - 2008
The 9th annual PhysioNet/Computers in Cardiology challenge invited participants to measure T-wave alternans (TWA) in a set of 100 two-minute electrocardiograms that included subjects with a variety of risk factors for sudden cardiac death (including ventricular tachyarrhythmias, transient myocardial ischemia, and acute myocardial infarctions), healthy controls, and synthetic ECGs with ...
Medvegy Mihály - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that the diagnosis and localization of previous non-Q wave myocardial infarction (NQMI) is possible by body surface potential mapping (BSPM), but the criteria for the discrimination between anteroseptal and inferoseptal middle regions remain to be determined. METHODS: BSPM using 63 unipolar leads was recorded in ...
González-Costello José J Unidad de Hemodinámica y Cardiología Intervencionista, Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, IDIBELL, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, - - 2008
In patients with ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction treated by thrombolysis, both early endothelial dysfunction and long-term improvement in the infarct-related artery have been reported. Our aims were to assess the degree of endothelial dysfunction present after primary angioplasty and to compare it with that after thrombolysis. Endothelial function was assessed ...
Schroh Ana M AM Servicio de Cardiología Infantil, Hospital Pediátrico Dr Humberto J. Notti, Mendoza, - - 2008
To evaluate ventricular function using Doppler echocardiography in patients with an atrial septal defect (ASD). The study involved 158 children, who were divided into 2 groups: group 1 comprised 111 children with an ASD, and group 2, 47 healthy children. Left ventricular systolic function was evaluated by measuring the ejection ...
Wong Kiing-Ing KI Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Curtin University of Technology, CDT 250, 98009, Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia. - - 2008
Extended patient monitoring has become increasingly important for detection of cardiac conditions, such as irregularities in the rhythms of the heart, while patient is practicing normal daily activity. This paper presents a design of a single lead wireless cardiac rhythm interpretive instrument that capable of capture the electrocardiogram (ECG) in ...
Inan Omer T OT Stanford University Electrical Engineering Department, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. - - 2008
Unobtrusive and compact methods for monitoring time varying hemodynamic trends can allow physicians to monitor heart failure of outpatients at home. In this paper, the ballistocardiogram (BCG), measured on a modified commercial bathroom scale, is proposed as a viable option for this important need. The BCG measures the reaction force ...
Holmqvist Fredrik - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Different P-wave morphologies during sinus rhythm as displayed on standard ECGs have been postulated to correspond to differences in interatrial conduction. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hypothesis by comparing P-wave morphologies using left atrial activation maps. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients (mean age 49 +/- 9 ...
Kui Chen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The J wave has been seen in idiopathic ventricular fibrillation, Brugada syndrome, and early repolarization syndrome. Although these conditions share some ECG features, the clinical consequences are markedly different. J wave presentation in healthy subjects is not a rare phenomenon, although its characteristics are poorly understood. The aim of ...
Agomuoh , D I; ...
Objective: The aim of the study was to document the pattern of EGG abnormalities in the hypertensive patients in Port Harcourt and to compare their prevalence with what obtains in the apparently normal population as documented in previous studies. Methods: The electrocardiographic profile of one hundred and thirty two consecutive ...
Yang Chung-Chi - - 2010
The 12-lead electrocardiogram is an easily obtained, non-invasive method to assist in the diagnosis of an acute myocardial infarction. Traditional electrocardiographic criteria for diagnosing inferior myocardial infarction emphasize abnormalities of the initial large Q wave or ST segment elevation in leads II, III, and aVF. We report a case that ...
Nakai Kenji - - 2007
Noninvasive risk stratification is important for screening for lethal arrhythmia. We developed a 187-channel signal-averaged vector-projected high-resolution electrocardiograph (187-ch SAVP-ECG) for detecting abnormalities in the spatial location of ventricular high-frequency late potentials (HFLPs) and ventricular repolarization. The subjects consisted of 30 normal controls (CONTROL) and 13 patients with HFLPs (6 ...
Thilén Ulf - - 2007
AIMS: Although atrial fibrillation is a frequent complication of an atrial septal defect (ASD) of the secundum type, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Atrial conduction disturbances, manifested as a prolonged P-wave duration, have been suggested as a substrate for arrhythmia. Prolongation of the P-wave in unrepaired ASD has been ...
Trägårdh Elin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The electrocardiographic (ECG) diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (MI) should be improved. This might be done either by regarding all 24 aspects (both positive and negative leads), or a subset hereof (e.g. 19-lead ECG), of the conventional 12-lead ECG or by using additional electrodes. The purpose of this study ...
Ten Tusscher Kirsten H W J - - 2007
AIMS: During ageing, after infarction, in cardiomyopathies and other cardiac diseases, the percentage of fibrotic (connective) tissue may increase from 6% up to 10-35%. The presence of increased amounts of connective tissue is strongly correlated with the occurrence of arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this article, ...
Schueller P O - - 2007
Severe pulmonary hypertension (PAH) leads to right ventricular dysfunction and is associated with different atrial arrhythmias. In PAH patients, the echocardiographic Tei-index is used for monitoring right heart function. The P-wave signal-averaged ECG (SA-ECG) has been shown to have a potential role in identifying patients at risk of developing paroxysmal ...
Perron Annick - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates whether sequential addition of inverted (negative) leads from the 24-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) to the orderly sequenced 12-lead ECG would identify a number of leads with which the sensitivity for diagnosis of acute transmural ischemia is significantly increased with minimal loss of specificity. BACKGROUND: Acute transmural ischemia ...
Yavuzkir M - - 2007
It has been emphasized recently that there is a strong association between atrial fibrillation and inflammation. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), characterized by ongoing inflammatory activity, can increase the risk of atrial arrhythmia. P-wave dispersion has been encountered as a risk factor for atrial fibrillation and the effect of inflammation on P-wave ...
Li Daxiang - - 2008
In this study, the effects of tea catechins and tea theaflavins on myocardial contraction were examined in isolated rat hearts using a Langendorff-perfusion system. We found that both tea catechins and theaflavins had positive inotropic effects on the myocardium. Of the tested chemicals, epicatechin-3-gallate (ECG) and theaflavin-3,3'-digallate (TF(4)) appear to ...
Batchvarov Velislav N - - 2007
Incorrect electrode cable connections during electrocardiographic (ECG) recording can simulate rhythm or conduction disturbance, myocardial ischaemia and infarction, as well as other clinically important abnormalities. When only precordial or only limb cables, excluding the neutral cable, have been interchanged the waveforms in the different leads are re-arranged, inverted, or unchanged, ...
Kawasaki Tatsuya - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: R-wave amplitude change during exercise has been reported to enhance diagnostic value for myocardial ischemia in coronary heart disease. METHODS: We summed up R-wave amplitude in all the 12 leads during exercise testing and correlated the results with regional myocardial ischemia or diffuse subendocardial ischemia as detected ...
Bellazzini Marc A - - 2010
Hyperkalemia-induced electrocardiogram changes such as dysrhythmias and altered T wave morphology are well described in the medical literature. Pseudo-infarction hyperkalemia-induced changes are less well known, but present a unique danger for the clinician treating these critically ill patients. This article describes a case of pseudo anteroseptal myocardial infarction in a ...
Wylie John V JV - - 2007
Propafenone toxicity can cause significant QRS widening and markedly abnormal ventricular activation pattern. Aberrant ventricular activation upon its resolution is known to produce persistent T-wave changes known as "cardiac memory" (CM). A 74-year-old woman presented with a severely abnormal electrocardiogram consistent with propafenone toxicity. As her QRS complex narrowed, T-wave ...
Azizova O A - - 2007
The diagnostic and prognostic potentialities of the parameters of free-radical processes and high resolution ECG in coronary disease were evaluated. A relationship between oxidative resistance of the plasma (MDA concentration after 24-h copper-induced oxidation) and clinical characteristics of coronary disease (functional class of angina and high-resolution ECG parameters) was detected. ...
Sovari Ali A - - 2007
We present a 61-year-old patient who showed deep T wave inversion on her electrocardiogram (ECG) after cardioversion of her atrial flutter to sinus rhythm. A cardiac catheterization showed normal coronary arteries. The T wave inversion on her ECG is thought to be due to a cardiac memory phenomenon. Cardiac memory ...
Krasteva Vessela - - 2007
We propose a quasi real-time method for discrimination of ventricular ectopic beats from both supraventricular and paced beats in the electrocardiogram (ECG). The heartbeat waveforms were evaluated within a fixed-length window around the fiducial points (100 ms before, 450 ms after). Our algorithm was designed to operate with minimal expert ...
Bucciarelli-Ducci Chiara - - 2008
Wellens' syndrome is characterized by symmetrically inverted T-waves in the precordial leads suggestive of impending myocardial infarction due to a critical proximal left anterior descending (LAD) stenosis. We describe three unusual cases of patients with such electrocardiographic abnormality in which coronary angiography ruled out the presence of critical coronary stenosis ...
Tabereaux Paul B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The roles of Purkinje fibers (PFs) and focal wave fronts, if any, in the maintenance of ventricular fibrillation (VF) are unknown. If PFs are involved in VF maintenance, it should be possible to map wave fronts propagating from PFs into the working ventricular myocardium during VF. If wave fronts ...
Yamada Takumi - - 2007
A 63-year-old woman with symptomatic premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) underwent electrophysiologic testing. The PVCs were suggested to originate from the infra-aortic valvular left ventricular outflow tract because the PVCs had S-waves in leads I, V5, and V6, and an R/S ratio >1 in lead V(1). However, during some PVCs without ...
Otten Richard F - - 2007
Brugada pattern ECG changes have been described in various disease states and drug therapies, including electrolyte abnormalities, myocardial pathology, medications, and mechanical abnormalities. Therefore, the diagnosis of Brugada syndrome cannot be made in the presence of confounding variables according to prevailing guidelines. We present a case report which illustrates two ...
Couderc Jean-Philippe - - 2007
QT variability has been reported to be associated with ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. There is limited data regarding variability in T-wave morphology and its prognostic value. In this study, we present a novel approach for the measurement of T-wave variability (TWV) reflecting changes in T-wave morphology, and we ...
Scalise Lorenzo - - 2008
The aim of the present work is to establish a protocol for monitoring the cardiac activity measuring the skin surface vibrations of the main neck vessels, caused by vascular wall motion in carotid artery. The method is based on the optical recording of the movements of the neck by means ...
Ariyarajah Vignendra - - 2007
A proportionate and incremental association between left atrial (LA) dilatation on a transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) and increasing severity in abnormal atrial depolarization can be described by the regression formula: LA dimension in parasternal long-axis view (in millimeters) = 2.47 + 0.29 [P-wave duration (in milliseconds)]. However, prospective testing of this ...
Trägårdh Elin - - 2007
The standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is one of the most commonly used methods for diagnosing heart disease. Standard ECG is not always optimal, however, and new ECG methods can provide additional information. Analysis of high-frequency QRS components (HF-QRS) has been shown to increase the diagnostic performance of the ECG. Several ...
Pietrasik Grzegorz - - 2007
There are limited data regarding the prognostic value of QRS complex fragmentation, defined as changes in QRS morphology (<120 ms) with different RSR' patterns: additional R waves, notched S wave, or >1 R' wave. The purpose of our analysis was to assess the prognostic value of presence of Q waves ...
Ting P - - 2007
A 45-year-old man was found to have an abnormal myocardial perfusion scan. He was asymptomatic, with no chest pain, breathlessness or palpitations. Clinical examination was unremarkable. The 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) showed increased QRS voltage in leads V3-V6, and deep T-wave inversions noted in leads V3-V6, with an absence of septal ...
Shinde Rituparna R Department of Cardiology, Grant Medical Foundation, Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune, Maharashtra 411001, - - 2007
The "J wave" (also referred to as "the Osborn wave,""the J deflection," or "the camel's hump") is a distinctive deflection occurring at the QRS-ST junction. In 1953, Dr. John Osborn described the "J wave" as an "injury current" resulting in ventricular fibrillation during experimental hypothermia. Although "J Wave" is supposed ...
Baranchuk Adrian - - 2007
Inappropriate shocks delivered by the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) are an increasingly recognized complication. The most frequent cause is related to supraventricular rhythms associated with fast conduction to the ventricles that are incorrectly detected as ventricular tachycardia leading to inappropriate antitachycardia pacing and/or shocks. Oversensing is a frequent cause of ...
Brown Jason P - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to separate focal from atypical macro-re-entrant atrial tachycardia (AT) on the electrocardiogram (ECG). BACKGROUND: Focal AT often cannot be distinguished from macro-re-entrant AT until the time of electrophysiology study (EPS). We hypothesized that quantitative ECG metrics should separate focal AT, using its short activation relative ...
You Chun-Chi - - 2007
A 53-year-old male presented to our emergency department with a sudden onset of ventricular tachycardia with left bundle branch block and right axis deviation. After the tachyarrhythmia converting to sinus rhythm, the ECG displayed sinus rhythm with a typical epsilon wave in leads V1 and V2. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy ...
Talavera J - - 2008
The aim of this study was to describe normal ECG patterns and values in four species of conscious raptors (Eurasian kestrel, Griffon vulture, Little owl, and Eurasian Eagle owl). Electrocardiograms were carried out in 75 conscious birds belonging to four species of raptors. Lead II waveforms were analysed to determine ...
Perez M V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and prognostic values of electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities in Hispanics have not been compared to other ethnicities in a large population. Despite a worse cardiovascular risk profile, the prevalence of cardiovascular disease is lower in Hispanics compared to non-Hispanics. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that ECG abnormalities were less common ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2008
Tako-tsubo-like (Japanese word for octopus-catcher) left ventricular dysfunction is an enigmatic cardiomyopathy. Typically, the patients have a history of recent stressful incidents immediately preceding onset of mild to moderate chest pain, have ST-segment elevation in leads V3 through V6, ECG changes that typically demonstrate diffuse T-wave inversions and abnormal QS-wave ...
Ariyarajah Vignendra - - 2007
The association between left atrial (LA) dilation and fundamental exercise parameters has not shared equal extensive investigation as its clinical correlate, interatrial block (IAB; P waves > or =110 ms). We prospectively identified 94 consecutive patients with LA dilation on 2-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography but without atrioventricular valvular disease, hypertension, or ...
Lee Kun-Tai - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The interaction between long-and short-term cardiac memory (CM) is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: The T-wave areas and QTc intervals in each ECG lead were analyzed in 11 patients with manifest Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome with posterior or septal accessory pathway (4 females; mean age: 47+/-12 years) in the following ECGs: (1) ...
Zhou Yifeng - - 2008
A case of ventricular noncompaction with Giant P waves and focal atrial tachycardia is presented. A 36-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of palpitations and a progressive worsening of heart failure. A 12 lead rest electrocardiogram showed large positive waves followed by smaller negative waves in limb leads ...
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