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Results 801 - 850 of 2028
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Neurauter Andreas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Countershock outcome prediction using ventricular fibrillation (VF) feature analysis needs undisturbed electrocardiogram (ECG) signals and therefore requires interruption of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Features that originate from higher frequency bands of the VF power spectrum may be less affected by CPR artefacts and as such reduce cumulative hands-off intervals. MATERIALS ...
Batchvarov Velislav N - - 2008
We tested the hypothesis that ventricular repolarization of the first sinus beat following a ventricular premature beat (VPB) can be modulated in the absence of clearly discernible T-wave changes. We applied principal component analysis (PCA) to assess QRS and T-wave complexity of sinus beats preceding and following VPBs in multiple ...
Ariyarajah Vignendra - - 2008
Abnormal U waves (unduly larger or misshapen) are associated with several conditions such as hypokalemia, arrhythmias, cardiac ischemia, ventricular hypertrophy, and hypertension. Abnormal U waves have also been linked to certain cardiac medications, predominantly antiarrhythmics. However, mechanisms of U-wave-abnormality remains debated and perhaps elusive with the true U-wave relationship to ...
Nikas Dimitrios N DN Michaelideion Cardiac Centre, Ioannina Medical School, Ioannina, - - 2008
Background: Several antioxidants have been found to have conflicting results in attenuating myocardial reperfusion injury. These studies were done primarily in experimental protocols that did not approximate clinical situations. Objective: The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of 3 different antioxidants (ascorbic acid [AA], desferrioxamine, and N-acetylcysteine ...
Drew Barbara J - - 2008
Mason-Likar or proprietary reduced lead (RL) configurations are used for continuous 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring. Because each RL set has a different electrode configuration and derivation, they are inherently different and should not be compared with each other or with the Mason-Likar or standard ECG to determine changes in an ...
Gregg Richard E - - 2008
A 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) reconstructed from a reduced subset of leads is desired in continued arrhythmia and ST monitoring for less tangled wires and increased patient comfort. However, the impact of reconstructed 12-lead lead ECG on clinical ECG diagnosis has not been studied thoroughly. This study compares the differences between ...
Vivo Rey P - - 2008
We describe a 65-year-old woman with a history of hypertension and smoking who presented with an acute episode of chest pain precipitated by severe emotional stress. Her initial electrocardiogram done in the emergency room showed non-specific T wave changes in the lateral leads and her cardiac troponin levels were mildly ...
de Luna Antoni Bayés - - 2008
AIMS: To study the different QRS patterns in leads V1 and V2 in first inferior, lateral, and combined inferolateral myocardial infarction (MI) to recognize which are the ECG criteria that best define the presence of lesions isolated to the anatomically lateral wall of the left ventricle. METHODS AND RESULTS: We ...
Kimura Shinpei - - 2010
We describe a 36-year-old woman with inverted Takotsubo cardiomyopathy caused by pheochromocytoma crisis. In the acute phase, her electrocardiogram showed ST segment depression in lead II, III, aVF and V2 through V5. On day 14, tall upright T-waves were observed in leads V2 through V5 despite heart failure and basal ...
Kjaergaard Marie - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of coronary heart disease among Greenland Inuit today is similar to that of western populations. The cardiovascular risk profile among Inuit has changed over the past four decades with the introduction of a western life style. An unaltered prevalence of coronary heart disease has been proposed, but ...
Taylor Allen J - - 2008
Electrocardiographic findings indicating myocardial disease, such as left ventricular hypertrophy or ST-T wave abnormalities, or the presence of coronary artery calcium, indicating atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, are both biomarkers of future cardiovascular (CV) risk. Although the risk factors for myocardial and coronary artery disease are similar, their concomitant expression has ...
Jeon Hui-Kyung - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The present study evaluates the lack of Q waves on the electrocardiogram (ECG) in the prediction of myocardial viability compared with dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) and rest-redistribution thallium-201 (Tl-201) scintigraphy. HYPOTHESIS: The lack of pathologic Q waves (NoQ) may be a readily available and specific marker for the presence ...
Riera Andrés Ricardo Pérez - - 2008
Wellens syndrome is a clinical-electrocardiographic entity also referred to as left anterior descending (LAD) coronary T-wave syndrome or acute coronary T-wave syndrome. It is a complex of symptoms and signals indicating the existence of an undesirable condition secondary to critical high-grade proximal stenosis of the LAD coronary artery characterized by ...
Latha R - - 2008
High sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), a non-specific marker of inflammatory status has considerable interest focused due to its ability to predict myocardial infarction, stroke, peripheral arterial disease and sudden cardiac death. Alcoholics are known to be associated with inflammation of heart. This study was taken up to look for an ...
Viitasalo Matti - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is characterized by risk of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (pVT) and sudden death during stress. Experimental CPVT models show that delayed afterdepolarization (DAD)-induced triggered activity is the initiating mechanism of pVT, whereas an increase in transmural dispersion of repolarization (TDR) controls degeneration of pVT to ...
Ortega-Carnicer Julián - - 2008
A patient in whom moderate hypothermia developed after prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation is described. Hypothermia was manifested by transient electrocardiogram changes, including long QT, precordial J waves, and downsloping ST-segment elevation ending in a negative T wave in leads V(1) and V(2) resembling the Brugada syndrome. The physiopathologic mechanisms of these ...
Janata Andreas - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Long-term monitoring of patients at risk of arrhythmias would benefit from a miniaturized device. This study evaluated the quality of electrocardiogram (ECG) signals recorded by a miniaturized ECG recorder. METHODS: ECG data were concurrently recorded with an investigational device (Philips Medical Systems, Seattle, WA, USA) and a Holter recorder ...
De Roock Sophie - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Tako-tsubo syndrome (TTS) refers to the apical ballooning of the left ventricle observed when angiographic ventriculography is performed in patients presenting with electrocardiographic changes suggestive of acute coronary syndrome (new transient ST-segment deviation (>0.05 mV) or T-wave inversion (>0.2 mV)), mild elevation of cardiac markers, but normal coronary arteries ...
Pahlm Olle - - 2008
For a 12-lead resting electrocardiogram (ECG) to be considered "standard," limb electrodes should be placed distally on the limbs. When resting ECGs are taken in conjunction with an ECG-monitoring situation, so-called monitoring sites (as described by Mason and Likar and also others) on the torso are used. Numerous publication have ...
Man Sum-Che - - 2008
Electrocardiograms (ECGs) made with Mason-Likar electrode configuration (ML-ECGs) show well-known differences from standard 12-lead ECGs (Std-ECGs). We recorded, simultaneously, Std-ECGs and ML-ECGs in 180 subjects. Using these ECGs, 8 x 8 individual and general conversion matrices were created by linear regression, and standard ECGs were reconstructed from ML-ECGs using these ...
Lawless Christine E - - 2008
PURPOSE: Electrocardiography (ECG) has been proposed as a method to enhance the ability of the preparticipation examination (PPE) to detect underlying cardiac conditions that can lead to sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young athletes. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a Medline review of the published medical literature, using the key ...
Kocoglu Hasan H Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Abant Izzet Baysal University, Bolu, - - 2008
Background: Preconditioning might protect the myocardium against ischemia/ reperfusion injury by reducing infarct size and preventing arrhythmias. Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is a highly selective α2-agonist used for sedoanalgesia in daily anesthetic practice. The cardioprotective effects of DEX on infarct size and on the incidence of arrhythmias observed after regional ischemia/reperfusion injury ...
Azawi O I - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis of wave pattern of follicular growth and to monitor the ovarian follicular dynamic in Iraqi buffalo cows. Reproductive tracts were collected at random intervals slaughtered at Mosul abattoir. According to morphological appearance of the corpus luteum, the estrous cycle ...
Hamlin Robert L - - 2008
This article explains the principles of electrocardiography, and explains how it is used by Safety Pharmacology, with a focus on the requirement for multiple leads in Safety Pharmacology assessment. Electrocardiography as used in different disciplines (e.g., medicine, anesthesiology, physiology, and pharmacology/toxicology/safety pharmacology) has different requirements for the number of electrodes ...
Nagase Satoshi - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We examined the relationship between repolarization abnormality and coved-type ST-segment elevation with terminal inverted T-wave (type 1 electrocardiogram [ECG]) in patients with Brugada syndrome (BrS). BACKGROUND: Recent experimental studies have suggested that accentuation of the right ventricular action potential (AP) notch preferentially prolongs epicardial AP causing inversion of the ...
Sinno Mohamad C N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Changes in the amplitude of the R wave (RWA) on the electrocardiogram (ECG) have been described during acute myocardial ischemia and infarction. However, this has not been well studied in a controlled setting. We hypothesized that significant increase in RWA occurs during early transmural myocardial ischemia. METHODS: We prospectively ...
Dagres Nikolaos - - 2009
Differentiation between left- and right-sided inferoseptal accessory pathways by existing ECG algorithms is unsatisfactory. We reviewed the 12-lead ECGs of 113 consecutive patients undergoing successful ablation of a single manifest inferoseptal pathway (40% at the mitral, 60% at the tricuspid annulus). For prediction of a right-sided location, the most useful ...
Ariyarajah Vignendra - - 2008
Left atrial enlargement is predictive of cardiovascular events. The predictive power, however, of the combination of electrocardiographic (LAE-ECG) and echocardiographic left atrial enlargement (LAE-Echo) has not been extensively evaluated. We prospectively identified patients admitted with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) who developed new-onset heart failure during admission. Baseline electrocardiograms obtained ...
Toosi Mehrdad Seilanian - - 2008
Precise recording of the standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is technically time consuming. Placing limb leads on the torso has the major advantages of ease of use, increased speed of application, and decreased artifact. This modified ECG frequently substitutes for the standard 12-lead ECG in intensive care units to detect ischemia, ...
Bour Jean - - 2008
Impedance cardiography (ICG) charts the rises and falls of thoracic impedance as the fluid content of the chest changes with each heartbeat. Breathing, arrhythmia, movements and posture interfere with the ICG. Modern pattern recognition software can now produce a composite signal-averaged ICG that considerably simplifies interpretation. The first derivative velocity ...
Marsh Eleanor - - 2008
Many patients with potentially life-threatening cardiac conditions presenting with transient loss of consciousness are referred first to neurology clinics. Therefore, neurologists must remain competent to interpret electrocardiograms (ECGs) and in particular be able to identify those rare conditions that predict sudden cardiac death. A 12-lead ECG is cheap and readily ...
Chutani S - - 2008
Brugada syndrome is one of the important causes of sudden cardiac death in young adults. The condition is associated with typical ECG changes in anteroseptal leads V1 and V2 that can be unmasked by various medications, electrolyte disturbances, and even by the febrile state in susceptible individuals. The case history ...
Atrial flutter (AFl) may exist with or without underlying structural heart disease. Typical AFl presents as a "sawtooth" pattern on the ECG - with inverted flutter (F) waves in the inferior leads and upright F waves in V1. This morphology offers no direct clues as to the underlying cardiac disorder, ...
Kosar Feridun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have documented a variety of electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities in obesity, P-wave alterations, which represent an increased risk for atrial arrhythmia, have not been studied very well in these patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate P-wave duration and P dispersion (Pd) in obese ...
Inan Omer T - - 2008
Unobtrusive and compact methods for monitoring time varying hemodynamic trends can allow physicians to monitor heart failure of outpatients at home. In this paper, the ballistocardiogram (BCG), measured on a modified commercial bathroom scale, is proposed as a viable option for this important need. The BCG measures the reaction force ...
Kríz Jan - - 2008
Noninvasive recording of movements caused by the heartbeat and the blood circulation is known as ballistocardiography. Several studies have shown the capability of a force plate to detect cardiac activity in the human body. The aim of this paper is to present a new method based on differential geometry of ...
Wong Kiing-Ing - - 2008
Extended patient monitoring has become increasingly important for detection of cardiac conditions, such as irregularities in the rhythms of the heart, while patient is practicing normal daily activity. This paper presents a design of a single lead wireless cardiac rhythm interpretive instrument that capable of capture the electrocardiogram (ECG) in ...
Moody Gb - - 2008
The 9th annual PhysioNet/Computers in Cardiology challenge invited participants to measure T-wave alternans (TWA) in a set of 100 two-minute electrocardiograms that included subjects with a variety of risk factors for sudden cardiac death (including ventricular tachyarrhythmias, transient myocardial ischemia, and acute myocardial infarctions), healthy controls, and synthetic ECGs with ...
Medvegy Mihály - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that the diagnosis and localization of previous non-Q wave myocardial infarction (NQMI) is possible by body surface potential mapping (BSPM), but the criteria for the discrimination between anteroseptal and inferoseptal middle regions remain to be determined. METHODS: BSPM using 63 unipolar leads was recorded in ...
González-Costello José J Unidad de Hemodinámica y Cardiología Intervencionista, Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, IDIBELL, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, - - 2008
In patients with ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction treated by thrombolysis, both early endothelial dysfunction and long-term improvement in the infarct-related artery have been reported. Our aims were to assess the degree of endothelial dysfunction present after primary angioplasty and to compare it with that after thrombolysis. Endothelial function was assessed ...
Schroh Ana M AM Servicio de Cardiología Infantil, Hospital Pediátrico Dr Humberto J. Notti, Mendoza, - - 2008
To evaluate ventricular function using Doppler echocardiography in patients with an atrial septal defect (ASD). The study involved 158 children, who were divided into 2 groups: group 1 comprised 111 children with an ASD, and group 2, 47 healthy children. Left ventricular systolic function was evaluated by measuring the ejection ...
Holmqvist Fredrik - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Different P-wave morphologies during sinus rhythm as displayed on standard ECGs have been postulated to correspond to differences in interatrial conduction. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the hypothesis by comparing P-wave morphologies using left atrial activation maps. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients (mean age 49 +/- 9 ...
Kui Chen - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The J wave has been seen in idiopathic ventricular fibrillation, Brugada syndrome, and early repolarization syndrome. Although these conditions share some ECG features, the clinical consequences are markedly different. J wave presentation in healthy subjects is not a rare phenomenon, although its characteristics are poorly understood. The aim of ...
Agomuoh , D I; ...
Objective: The aim of the study was to document the pattern of EGG abnormalities in the hypertensive patients in Port Harcourt and to compare their prevalence with what obtains in the apparently normal population as documented in previous studies. Methods: The electrocardiographic profile of one hundred and thirty two consecutive ...
Yang Chung-Chi - - 2010
The 12-lead electrocardiogram is an easily obtained, non-invasive method to assist in the diagnosis of an acute myocardial infarction. Traditional electrocardiographic criteria for diagnosing inferior myocardial infarction emphasize abnormalities of the initial large Q wave or ST segment elevation in leads II, III, and aVF. We report a case that ...
Nakai Kenji - - 2007
Noninvasive risk stratification is important for screening for lethal arrhythmia. We developed a 187-channel signal-averaged vector-projected high-resolution electrocardiograph (187-ch SAVP-ECG) for detecting abnormalities in the spatial location of ventricular high-frequency late potentials (HFLPs) and ventricular repolarization. The subjects consisted of 30 normal controls (CONTROL) and 13 patients with HFLPs (6 ...
Thilén Ulf - - 2007
AIMS: Although atrial fibrillation is a frequent complication of an atrial septal defect (ASD) of the secundum type, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. Atrial conduction disturbances, manifested as a prolonged P-wave duration, have been suggested as a substrate for arrhythmia. Prolongation of the P-wave in unrepaired ASD has been ...
Trägårdh Elin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The electrocardiographic (ECG) diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (MI) should be improved. This might be done either by regarding all 24 aspects (both positive and negative leads), or a subset hereof (e.g. 19-lead ECG), of the conventional 12-lead ECG or by using additional electrodes. The purpose of this study ...
Ten Tusscher Kirsten H W J - - 2007
AIMS: During ageing, after infarction, in cardiomyopathies and other cardiac diseases, the percentage of fibrotic (connective) tissue may increase from 6% up to 10-35%. The presence of increased amounts of connective tissue is strongly correlated with the occurrence of arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this article, ...
Schueller P O - - 2007
Severe pulmonary hypertension (PAH) leads to right ventricular dysfunction and is associated with different atrial arrhythmias. In PAH patients, the echocardiographic Tei-index is used for monitoring right heart function. The P-wave signal-averaged ECG (SA-ECG) has been shown to have a potential role in identifying patients at risk of developing paroxysmal ...
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