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Results 751 - 800 of 2029
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Voulgari Christina - - 2009
The concept of the ventricular gradient (VG) was conceived in the 1930s and its calculation yielded information that was not otherwise obtainable. The VG was not utilized by clinicians at large because it was not easy to understand and its computation time-consuming. Spatial vectorcardiography is based on the concept of ...
Taneja Anil Kumar - - 2010
Controversy exists regarding the significance of pathological 'Q' waves on electrocardiography (ECG) following established acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in predicting non-viable myocardium. The aim of the study was to ascertain the reliability of 'Q' waves on ECG to predict myocardial viability following AMI. 176 patients underwent both ECG and DSE, ...
Huang Hui-Chun - - 2009
AIMS: The objective was to investigate the prognostic value of T-wave morphology in systolic heart failure patients. T-wave morphology descriptors on standard 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECG) have been shown to have prognostic importance concerning the arrhythmic susceptibility of patients with previous myocardial infarction. However, these descriptors have not been considered with ...
Homsi Mohamed - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Fragmented QRS complexes (fQRS) on a 12-lead ECG are a marker of myocardial scar in patients with coronary artery disease. Cardiac sarcoidosis is also associated with myocardial granuloma formation and scarring. We evaluated the significance of fQRS on a 12-lead ECG compared to Gadolinium-delayed enhancement images (GDE) in cardiac ...
Kumar Saurabh - - 2009
Q waves can develop early in infarction and indicate infarct progression better than symptom duration. ST resolution (STR) is a predictor of reperfusion success. Our aim was to assess the prognostic impact of Q waves on presentation and STR after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for ST-elevation myocardial infarction. The ...
Lin Yen-Hung - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Whether T-wave morphology descriptors on the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) can predict the occurrence of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia in patients with advanced congestive heart failure is unclear. METHODS: Standard 12-lead ECGs were photoscanned and digitized for analysis in 27 heart failure patients with ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF; study group), as ...
Schmied C - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To screen all players registered for the 8th CAF African Under-17 Championship for risk factors of sudden cardiac death. DESIGN: Standardised cardiac evaluation prior to the start of the competition. STUDY POPULATION: 155 male football players from all eight qualified teams; mean age 16.4 (SD 0.68) years (range 14 ...
Mead Nicole E - - 2009
Wellen's syndrome is a characteristic T-wave on an electrocardiogram during a pain-free period in a patient with intermittent chest pain. This finding suggests a high-degree stenosis of the proximal left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery that will soon result in an acute anterior wall myocardial infarction (MI) if the patient ...
Chen-Scarabelli Carol - - 2009
This article presents a case report of a 74-year-old man with T-wave inversion (TwI) in atrial fibrillation noted during routine pacemaker interrogation. The patient was seen for routine pacemaker interrogation, at which time he was noted to have underlying atrial fibrillation. A12-lead electrocardiogram of the atrial fibrillation revealed significant TwIs. ...
Morita Hiroshi - - 2009
Brugada syndrome (BrS), caused by ion channel abnormalities, is characterized by ST segment elevation and negative T waves in the right precordial electrocardiographic (ECG) leads recorded over the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT). BrS is sensitive to body temperature and can lead to T-wave alternans (TWA), ventricular tachycardia, and sudden ...
Corrado D - - 2009
Participation in sports activity and regular physical training is associated with physiological structural and electrical changes in the heart (athlete's heart) that enable sustained increases in cardiac output for prolonged periods. Cardiovascular remodelling in the conditioned athlete is often associated with ECG changes. In rare cases, abnormalities of an athlete's ...
Stec Sebastian - - 2010
We report a novel technique for diagnosing a new cause of esophageal dysphagia in a patient without organic heart and esophageal disease. A coincidence between intermittent esophageal dysphagia and cardiac arrhythmia, frequent premature ventricular complexes (PVC) were confirmed by clinical observation, simultaneous ECG monitoring, and motility study. High-resolution esophageal manometry ...
G??ne?? Yilmaz - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Coronary slow flow (CSF) is characterized by delayed opacification of coronary arteries in the absence epicardial occlusive disease. P wave duration and dispersion have been reported to be longer in patients with CSF. Nebivolol, besides its selective beta1-blocking activity, causes an endothelium dependent vasodilatation through nitric oxide release. In ...
Markiewicz-Łoskot Grazyna - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is the most common primary valvular abnormality in a young population. In some individuals, MVP is silent or associated with palpitations, dizziness, chest pain, and abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) repolarization with or without ventricular arrhythmias. HYPOTHESIS: The aim of the present study was to assess the ...
Salcido David D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Quantitative measures of the ventricular fibrillation (VF) electrocardiogram (ECG) have been correlated with the success of rescue shocks, making them ideal measures for guiding resuscitative interventions. Correlation of intramyocardial energy stores with the change in quantitative VF ECG measures would provide mechanistic insight into their utility. We sought to ...
Madias John E - - 2009
Attenuation of the QRS voltage (QRSV) in patients with decompensated heart failure (HF) has been known for a long time, but its mechanism has been elusive. In a canine model of HF, QRSV was seen in intracardiac and epicardial electrograms (ECGs), but no surface ECGs were recorded in that study ...
Chiavistelli Patrizio - - 2009
Abnormal ST T-wave changes can be found at presentation in various noncoronary disorders; misinterpretation of these patterns as ischemic heart disease can lead to erroneous diagnosis and treatment. Here we present a case of myasthenia gravis (MG) with thymoma, in which the resting electrocardiogram (ECG) led to a misleading diagnosis ...
Zhao Qingyan Q Cardiovascular Research Institute of Wuhan University, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, People's Republic of - - 2009
Recent studies have shown that rapid atrial pacing causes atrial electrical remodeling. However, the influence of the vagus nerve on atrial electrical remodeling is not clear. This study involved 24 dogs divided into 3 groups. In the control group, the inducibility of atrial fibrillation (AF) during vagal stimulation (VS1) was ...
Erice B - - 2009
Differences in the diagnostic value of various electrocardiographic (ECG) voltage indices for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are yet to be elucidated. The objective of this study was to examine the strongest predictor within ECG voltage criteria for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in HCM to be applied in cardiovascular examination of young ...
Jayachandran E S - - 2010
Myocardial infarction (MI), is commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when the blood supply to the portion of the heart is blocked causing some heart cells to die. This information is depicted in the elevated ST wave, increased Q wave amplitude and inverted T wave of the electrocardiogram (ECG) ...
Noda Takashi - - 2009
Evaluation of: Sudden cardiac arrest associated with early repolarization. Haiissaguerre M, Derval N, Saccher F et al.: N. Engl. J. Med. 358, 2016-2023 (2008). In patients with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation, several kinds of electrocardiographic findings have been reported. Brugada electrocardiogram (ECG), a coved-type ST-segment elevation in the right precordial leads, ...
Armstrong Paul W - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the incremental value of baseline Q waves over time from symptom onset as a marker of clinical outcome in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). BACKGROUND: Time from symptom onset is a central focus in STEMI patients. The presence of Q waves on the baseline electrocardiogram (ECG) has ...
Kim Han W - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Unrecognized myocardial infarction (UMI) is known to constitute a substantial portion of potentially lethal coronary heart disease. However, the diagnosis of UMI is based on the appearance of incidental Q-waves on 12-lead electrocardiography. Thus, the syndrome of non-Q-wave UMI has not been investigated. Delayed-enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance (DE-CMR) can ...
Maliepaard Dirk - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on the monitoring for rare but potentially serious cardiac adverse events associated with cholinesterase inhibitor drugs in the treatment of dementia. Different protocols have been proposed, with and without ECG examination. We surveyed an urban old age psychiatry service to investigate the variables that may ...
van der Vleuten Pieter A - - 2009
DESIGN: The data used for the present study were obtained as part of a clinical trial evaluating the effect of thrombus aspiration after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). SETTING: The study was conducted at a tertiary referral facility for primary PCI at a University Medical Center Groningen in The Netherlands. ...
Letsas Konstantinos P - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated a high incidence of atrial tachyarrhythmias (ATs) in patients with Brugada syndrome (BS). The present study aimed to investigate whether various 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) and electrophysiological parameters may help to differentiate subjects with a high probability to develop ATs. METHODS AND RESULTS: The clinical records ...
Chandra Preeti A - - 2009
A 70-year-old woman with extensive psychiatric history, including depression and bipolar disorder, and past medical history of mitral valve prolapse repair (3 years ago) was brought in from the psychiatry ward to the emergency department for evaluation of ECG changes following electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). ECG done after the procedure showed ...
Steriotis Alexandros Klavdios - - 2009
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a cardiac disease characterized by progressive myocardial atrophy and fibrofatty replacement. Standard electrocardiograms (ECGs) and signal-averaged ECGs (SAECGs) were relatively low cost and repeatable diagnostic tools. In this study, ECGs and SAECGs of patients with ARVC were analyzed with the aim to assess the ...
Korhonen Petri - - 2009
AIMS: Heterogeneous ventricular repolarization is associated with sudden cardiac death after myocardial infarction (MI). This prospective study investigated repolarization disparity with parameters based on T-wave morphology in body surface potential mapping (BSPM) in the assessment of arrhythmia risk in patients with a recent MI and cardiac dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Gorgels Anton P M - - 2009
Recently, an important electrocardiogram picture indicating anterior wall ischemia was discussed, characterized by (1) loss of R wave and (2) not infrequently a notch in the negative limb of the QRS complexes in the precordial leads, combined with (3) ST depression and (4) a tall peaked T wave. An explanation ...
Park Chan Seok - - 2009
Percutaneous coronary intervention for chronic total occlusion lesions is technically difficult despite equipment advances. Changes in electrocardiographic patterns, such as Q and T waves, during chronic total occlusion can provide information about procedural success and myocardial viability. In this study, we investigated clinical, electrocardiographic, and procedural characteristics of chronic total ...
Ghista Dhanjoo N - - 2010
The electrocardiogram (ECG) is a representative signal containing information about the condition of the heart. The shape and size of the P-QRS-T wave, the time intervals between its various peaks, may contain useful information about the nature of disease afflicting the heart. However, these subtle details cannot be directly monitored ...
Yu Jian - - 2009
1. The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationship between electrocardiogram (ECG) patterns of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) premature ventricular contractions and the three-dimensional distribution of the target sites. 2. Thirty-three consecutive patients were included in the study. The target sites were identified by non-contact mapping ...
LaBounty Troy - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Q-waves in ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes carry adverse implications. We sought to determine the frequency, predictors, and implications of Q-waves in the current era that includes primary percutaneous coronary interventions. METHODS: There were 14,916 patients evaluated in a multicenter observational study. They presented with ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes between ...
Patanè Salvatore - - 2010
The prevalence of the Brugada-type ECG and its natural history are still unclear. The Brugada syndrome is usually identified by a characteristic Brugada-type ECG that consists of ST elevation of a coved type in the precordial leads V1 to V3 and ventricular fibrillation that can lead to sudden cardiac death, ...
Lumlertgul Suthaporn - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Attenuation of electrocardiogram (ECG) QRS complexes is observed in patients with a variety of illnesses and peripheral edema (PERED), and augmentation with alleviation of PERED. Serial ECGs in stable individuals display variation in the amplitude of QRS complexes in leads V1-V6, stemming from careless placement of recording electrodes on ...
Dota Corina-Dana - - 2009
BACKGROUND: PC-based ECG measurements must cope with normal as well as pathological ECGs in a reliable manner. EClysis, a software for ECG measurements was tested against reference values from the Common Standards for Quantitative Electrocardiography (CSE) database. METHODS: Digital ECGs (12 leads, 500 Hz) were recorded by the CSE project. ...
Farha Khalid Abou - - 2009
Myocardial injury is one of the most notorious complications of a hypertensive crisis. Key electrocardiograph signs used to detect cardiac injury such as ST segment changes and cardiac arrhythmias usually indicate acute ongoing end-organ damage. Lack of early signs to predict end-organ damage might lead to a delay in the ...
Karsikas Mari - - 2009
Principal component analysis of vectorcardio-graphic T-wave loop has been shown to be a potential tool to describe the abnormality of the cardiac repolarization and to predict cardiac events in patients with cardiac disease. In this paper a new method for estimating the non-planarity of the T-wave loop is introduced and ...
Sedkowska Agnieszka - - 2009
Microvolt T-wave alternans (MTWA) is a promising non-invasive method of evaluating repolarization abnormalities. Its presence is strongly related to the occurrence of malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmias and is therefore regarded as a risk marker for sudden cardiac death. Most recent studies have described the usefulness of MTWA in selecting patients who ...
Nenadic Ivan - - 2009
Stiffening of the left ventricle can compromise the ability of the heart to pump sufficient amounts of blood into the systemic circulation and could lead to heart failure. Quantifying mechanical properties of the left ventricular (LV) myocardium using a noninvasive technique would be of great benefit in clinical settings. We ...
Pislaru Cristina - - 2009
Diastolic properties of the myocardium are important for normal cardiac function and may contribute to the condition of heart failure. Measuring the viscoelastic properties of the left ventricular myocardium is difficult in vivo using noninvasive methods. In this study, we used a mechanical actuator to create harmonic, propagating mechanical waves ...
Venkitachalam Lakshmi - - 2009
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has undergone rapid progress, both in technology and adjunct therapy. However, documentation of long-term temporal trends in relation to contemporary practice is lacking. We analyzed PCI use and outcomes in 8976 consecutive patients in the multicenter, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-sponsored 1985-1986 percutaneous transluminal coronary ...
Minns Alicia B - - 2010
Background: Marathon running has surged in popularity in the last quarter century. A small percentage of marathon runners develop increases of myocardial-specific markers with exercise, sometimes in the diagnostic range for acute myocardial infarction. A spectrum of abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) patterns has also been described. Objective: ECG change specifically after ...
Calloe Kirstine - - 2009
Transient outward potassium current (I(to)) is thought to be central to the pathogenesis of the Brugada syndrome (BrS). However, an I((to)) activator has not been available with which to validate this hypothesis. Here, we provide a direct test of the hypothesis using a novel I(to) activator, NS5806. Isolated canine ventricular ...
Strauss David G - - 2008
Myocardial scarring from infarction or nonischemic fibrosis forms an arrhythmogenic substrate. The Selvester QRS score has been extensively validated for estimating myocardial infarction scar size in the absence of ECG confounders, but has not been tested to quantify scar in patients with hypertrophy, bundle branch/fascicular blocks, or nonischemic cardiomyopathy. We ...
Puurtinen Merja - - 2009
New miniaturized portable electrocardiogram (ECG) measuring devices may require small interelectrode distance. However, finding a suitable location for a tiny measurement device may prove tedious, as reducing interelectrode distance reduces signal strength. The objective of the study was to define the optimal location for a very closely located (5 cm) ...
Goernig Matthias - - 2009
Electrocardiogram (ECG) particular from tiny, non Q-wave myocardial infarction may lack striking infarct pattern. Spatiotemporal correlation analysis (SCA) of multichannel magnetocardiogram (MCG) is a high-resolution "magnifying glass" to analyze homogeneity of repolarization. SCA involves full 4D spatiotemporal information to identify abnormalities as empirically done by eye in conventional ECG-but on ...
Madias John E - - 2008
A 63-year-old male patient with inferior infarction revealed transient attenuation of the Q-waves in II, III, and aVF, and R-waves in V1-V3 during an exercise stress test. Myocardial scintigraphy disclosed ischemia of the anterior wall and coronary arteriography, a 90% stenosis of the left main coronary artery (LMCA). The mechanism ...
Horácek B Milan - - 2008
Currently used electrocardiographic criteria for identifying patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) perform with high specificity but low sensitivity. Our aim was to enhance ischemia-detection ability of conventional STEMI criteria based on 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) by adding new criteria using 3 vessel-specific leads (VSLs) derived from 12-lead ECG. Study data ...
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