Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 2035
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Scheller Bertram - - 2011
We studied whether low hemoglobin concentrations during normovolemia change the myocardial electrical current (electrocardiogram) in a pig model. Normovolemic anemia was achieved by stepwise replacing blood with colloids (hydroxyethyl starch 6%). We measured the length of the PQ-, QT-, QTc, and the ST interval as well as the amplitude of ...
Fukumoto Atsushi - - 2011
To evaluate real-world outcomes of PCI in unselected individuals using sirolimus-eluting (SESs) or paclitaxel-eluting stents (PESs) in a single-center randomized trial. Eight hundred consecutive patients (919 lesions) with coronary artery disease were randomized to receive SES or PES implantation. In-hospital, mid-term, and 1-year clinical and angiographical outcomes in both groups ...
Serebruany V L - - 2011
The PLATO trial revealed excess all-cause (4.5%) and vascular (4.0%) mortality after experimental pyrimidine, ticagrelor, and even higher death rates (5.9% and 5.1%, respectively) after clopidogrel, which have never been seen in any previous acute coronary syndrome (ACS) trial. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducted, and recently released the ...
McKinsey Timothy A - - 2011
The heart responds to stresses such as chronic hypertension and myocardial infarction by undergoing a remodeling process that is associated with myocyte hypertrophy, myocyte death, inflammation and fibrosis, often resulting in impaired cardiac function and heart failure. Recent studies have revealed key roles for histone deacetylases (HDACs) as both positive ...
Burattini Laura - - 2011
The aim was to investigate the effect of interferences surviving preprocessing (residual noise, baseline wanderings, respiration modulation, replaced beats, missed beats and T-waves misalignment) on automatic identification of T-wave alternans (TWA), an ECG index of risk for sudden cardiac death. The procedures denominated fast-Fourier-transform spectral method (FFTSM), complex-demodulation method (CDM), ...
Rajasingh Johnson J Department of Pharmacology and Center of Lung and Vascular Biology, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America. - - 2011
To study usefulness of bone marrow progenitor cells (BPCs) epigenetically altered by chromatin modifying agents in mediating heart repair after myocardial infarction in mice. We tested the therapeutic efficacy of bone marrow progenitor cells treated with the clinically-used chromatin modifying agents Trichostatin A (TSA, histone deacetylase inhibitor) and 5Aza-2-deoxycytidine (Aza, ...
van der Velden Jolanda J Laboratory for Physiology, Institute for Cardiovascular Research, VU University Medical Center Amsterdam, - - 2011
Transmural differences in sarcomeric protein composition and function across the left ventricular (LV) wall have been reported. We studied in pigs sarcomeric function and protein phosphorylation in subepicardial (EPI) and subendocardial (ENDO) layers of remote LV myocardium after myocardial infarction (MI), induced by left circumflex coronary artery ligation. EPI and ...
Azarkar Zohreh Z Department of Infectious Disease, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, - - 2011
Coronary Artery Disease is known as the main cause of death in industrialized countries. Relation between this disease and some infections such as Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) has been shown in several studies. The purpose of this study was to dermine the relationship between Hypylori and mycardical infarctions. Seventy-three myocardial infarction ...
Rowland Thomas - - 2011
Strategies for preventing sudden cardiac death in young athletes are predicated on the assumption that: (1) these events reflect pre-existing, clinically silent heart disease, and (2) means for detecting these abnormalities on the pre-participation evaluation are both feasible and accurate. Recent controversy has surrounded both of these presumptions. Some evidence ...
Elgeti Thomas - - 2010
To assess the potential of cardiac magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) for elasticity-based detection of abnormal left ventricular (LV) relaxation. Cardiac MRE was performed in 3 groups: young volunteers (n = 11; mean age, 31.7 years), older volunteers (n = 5; mean age, 54.8 years), and a group with relaxation abnormalities ...
Sorgente Antonio - - 2010
Early repolarization (ER) abnormalities in the inferior-lateral leads are a matter of intense scientific debate because of their demonstrated association with Brugada syndrome (BS) and idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF). To add fuel to the fire, we present a case in which ER abnormalities are associated with BS but in which, ...
Sotoodehnia Nona N Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA. - - 2010
The QRS interval, from the beginning of the Q wave to the end of the S wave on an electrocardiogram, reflects ventricular depolarization and conduction time and is a risk factor for mortality, sudden death and heart failure. We performed a genome-wide association meta-analysis in 40,407 individuals of European descent ...
Yoshida Naoki - - 2011
Although several ECG algorithms have been proposed for differentiating the origins of outflow tract ventricular arrhythmia (OT-VA), their accuracy still is limited in cases with cardiac rotation. The purpose of this study was to assess whether a novel "cardiac rotation-corrected" transitional zone (TZ) index would be a useful marker for ...
Lucas Brian P - - 2010
Atherosclerosis is a risk factor for dementia. However, little is known about the association between cognitive performance and a widely used indicator of coronary heart disease, at rest electrocardiography. We identified 839 older residents (mean age 81 years, 58% black) from a geographically defined biracial community in Chicago, Illinois, who ...
Wang Dee Dee - - 2010
To study the association of the fragmented QRS complex versus the Q wave with myocardial scar and viability. A prior study has suggested that the fragmented QRS complex on an electrocardiogram (ECG) is a highly sensitive and specific marker of myocardial scar as detected by regional perfusion abnormalities on a ...
Couade Mathieu - - 2011
Shear wave imaging was evaluated for the in vivo assessment of myocardial biomechanical properties on ten open chest sheep. The use of dedicated ultrasonic sequences implemented on a very high frame rate ultrasonic scanner ( > 5000 frames per second) enables the estimation of the quantitative shear modulus of myocardium ...
Finlay Dewar D - - 2010
In this study, we assess the effects of electrode placement error on the EASI-derived 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). The study data set consisted of 744 body surface potential map (BSPM) recordings. The BSPMs, each of which was made up of 117 leads, were recorded from a mixture of healthy, myocardial infarction, ...
Czaplik Michael - - 2010
Abstract Heart rhythm disturbances are common symptoms of several heart disorders. One of the most effective screening methods is the traditional electrode-based ECG. However, this examination can be both time- and resource-consuming. Capacitive-coupling ECG (cECG) screening - working without any conductive electrical contact with the patient - might help to ...
Romero Daniel - - 2011
Diagnosis and risk stratification of patients with acute coronary syndromes can be improved by adding information from the depolarization phase (QRS complex) to the conventionally used ST-T segment changes. In this study, ischemia-induced changes in the main three slopes of the QRS complex, upward ( ℑ(US)) and downward ( ℑ(DS) ...
Aase Svein Arne - - 2011
automatic detection of the QRS complex on electrocardiogram (ECG) is used on cardiac ultrasound scanners to separate ultrasound image series into cardiac cycles for playback and storage. On small hand-held scanners it is unpractical to connect ECG cables. We therefore aim to do automatic cardiac cycle separation using apical B-mode ...
Faezipour Miad - - 2010
Recent trends in clinical and telemedicine applications highly demand automation in electrocardiogram (ECG) signal processing and heart beat classification. A patient-adaptive cardiac profiling scheme using repetition-detection concept is proposed in this paper. We first employ an efficient wavelet-based beat-detection mechanism to extract precise fiducial ECG points. Then, we implement a ...
Hassanpour Hossein - - 2010
The aim of this study was to describe the normal electrocardiographic patterns and values in conscious golden eagles (Aquila chrysaetos). The standard bipolar and augmented unipolar limb leads' electrocardiograms were recorded in the golden eagles. The waveforms were analyzed in all leads at 50 mm/sec and at 10 mm = ...
Kolipaka Arunark A Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 2010
MR elastography (MRE) is a noninvasive technique in which images of externally generated waves propagating in tissue are used to measure stiffness. The first aim is to determine, from a range of driver configurations, the optimal driver for the purpose of generating waves within the heart in vivo. The second ...
Bauernfeind T - - 2011
Paradoxical Effects of Interatrial Conduction Delay.  We present a unique case where early proarrhythmic and late antiarrhythmic characteristics of interatrial conduction delay were observed during the long-term progression of HCM. Occurrence of AT constantly increased as the interatrial conduction delay became more prominent, while the P-wave width in sinus rhythm ...
Myojo Takuya - - 2012
We describe a case of a myocardial infarction, in which prominent ischemic J waves were documented during recurrent ventricular fibrillation attacks. The patient was referred to our hospital to treat an out-of hospital cardiac arrest. Although the 12-lead electrocardiogram obtained just after the first cardioversion did not show any apparent ...
Welinder Annika - - 2010
We tested whether the "Lund" (LU) electrode-placement system compared to the Mason-Likar (M-L) electrode-placement system would produce waveforms more similar to those of standard electrocardiograms (ECGs) with regard to the QRS axis in the frontal plane and QRS changes of inferior myocardial infarction (MI). We also tested whether LU was ...
Kayrak Mehmet - - 2010
Cardiotoxicity that results from lithium overdose is uncommon and electrocardiographic (ECG) changes are rarely reported. However, some authors have specifically reported the occurrence of ischemic ECG changes due to a lithium overdose. This article describes a case that is demonstrating ECG changes that mimic inferior myocardial infarction during the course ...
Pollonini Luca - - 2012
Remote patient monitoring (RPM) holds great promise for reducing the burden of congestive heart failure (CHF). Improved sensor technology and effective predictive algorithms can anticipate sudden decompensation events. Enhanced telemonitoring systems would promote patient independence and facilitate communication between patients and their physicians. We report the development of a novel ...
Cappato Riccardo - - 2010
QRS-ST changes in the inferior and lateral ECG leads are frequently observed in athletes. Recent studies have suggested a potential arrhythmogenic significance of these findings in the general population. The aim of our study was to investigate whether QRS-ST changes are markers of cardiac arrest (CA) of unexplained cause or ...
Shvilkin Alexei - - 2010
There are no established criteria to differentiate new from old left bundle branch block (LBBB). This complicates management of patients with LBBB and suspected acute coronary syndrome. The purpose of this study was to develop electrocardiographic (ECG) criteria to differentiate new and old LBBB. All LBBB tracings (n = 3,706) ...
Zhang Zhu-ming - - 2010
Electrocardiographic (ECG) Q- and ST-T-wave abnormalities predict coronary heart disease (CHD) and total mortality. No comparison has been made of the classification of these abnormalities by the 2 most widely used ECG coding systems for epidemiologic studies-the Minnesota Code (MC) and Novacode (NC). We evaluated 12-lead electrocardiograms from 64,597 participants ...
Sanoski Cynthia A - - 2010
PURPOSE: To review the components and interpretation of the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) and compare and contrast the ECG waveforms and clinical presentation associated with major cardiac arrhythmias. SUMMARY: A 12-lead ECG reflects the electrical activity of the heart from many different perspectives, and individual leads may reveal conduction disturbances and ...
Kim Won Young - - 2010
It is important to analyze right-sided chest electrocardiograms (ECGs) to rule out combined right ventricular infarction in patients with inferior wall infarction. However, the patterns of right-sided chest ECGs in healthy adults have not been thoroughly investigated. This study was conducted to analyze the normal patterns of ECGs and the ...
Wang Wei - - 2010
Congenital diverticulum of the ventricle is a rare disease, but most cases of congenital left ventricular diverticula are asymptomatic. We present a child with congenital left ventricular diverticulum whose routine electrocardiographic examination showed T-wave inversion in inferior and V4 to V6 leads. He was successfully repaired surgically.
Lee Jong Jin JJ Department of Nuclear Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yeongeon-dong, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744 - - 2010
We evaluated the short-term and mid-term differences in perfusion and function after off-pump and on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using gated myocardial single photon emission computed tomography. A total of 70 patients with coronary artery disease who underwent CABG were included based on the propensity score matching results from ...
Oresko Joseph J - - 2010
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the single leading cause of global mortality and is projected to remain so. Cardiac arrhythmia is a very common type of CVD and may indicate an increased risk of stroke or sudden cardiac death. The ECG is the most widely adopted clinical tool to diagnose and ...
Carey Mary G MG School of Nursing, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, - - 2010
Infarct volume independently predicts cardiovascular events. Fragmented QRS complexes (fQRS) may complement Q waves for identifying infarction; however, their utility in advanced coronary disease is unknown. We tested whether fQRS could improve the electrocardiographic prediction of infarct volume by positron emission tomography in 138 patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ejection fraction, ...
Katsuno Tetsuya - - 2010
BACKGROUND: An abnormal Q wave is usually defined as an initial depression of the QRS complex having a duration of > or =40 ms and amplitude exceeding 25% of the following R wave in any contiguous leads on the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). However, much smaller Q waves are sometimes recorded ...
Kireyev Dmitriy - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Several studies suggest that electrocardiographers tend to neglect lead aVR during the reading of electrocardiograms (ECGs). Our objective was to provide a systematic review of the most important diagnostic and prognostic uses of lead aVR. METHODS: We performed a thorough review of the literature about the lead aVR using ...
Yan Su-hua - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the value of changes in P wave morphology and duration detected by surface electrocardiogram (ECG) during proximal coronary sinus (PCS) and low lateral right atrial (LLRA) stimulation as a marker for complete bidirectional isthmus conduction block in the procedure of typical atrial flutter ablation. METHODS: Morphology, duration, ...
Kurokawa Sayaka - - 2010
Although bepridil is a useful anti-arrhythmic agent for atrial fibrillation, the appearance of serious ventricular arrhythmia, such as torsades de pointes, might be a problem. In this study, T-U wave morphology was evaluated during bepridil therapy and was examined as a predictor of ventricular arrhythmic events. The study population consisted ...
Sheridan Paul J - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the rate-dependent measures of repolarization in patients with and without inducible ventricular arrhythmias, and so to assess the potential arrhythmogenic role of rate-dependent heterogeneities in cardiac repolarization. METHODS: Two groups of patients were studied during invasive electrophysiological procedures for standard clinical ...
Wess G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Ventricular premature contractions (VPCs) are common in the occult stage of cardiomyopathy in Doberman Pinschers. Although the gold standard for detecting arrhythmia is the 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiography (ECG) (Holter), this method is more expensive, time-consuming and often not as readily available as common ECG. OBJECTIVES: Comparison of 5-minute ECGs ...
Burattini Laura - - 2010
Enhanced modified moving average method (EMMAM) and correlation method (CM) for microvolt TWA identification are compared by aid of simulated ECG tracings (cases of absence of TWA and presence of stationary or time-varying TWA) and ECG recordings from healthy subjects (H-group) and patients who survived an acute myocardial infarction (AMI-group). ...
Samol Alexander - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate whether interventricular asynchrony (IVA) can be measured by electrocardiography. METHODS: Sixty-two patients (New York Heart Association heart failure functional class III: age, mean +/- SD: 64 +/- 9 years; ejection fraction, mean +/- SD: 24% +/- 8%; dilative cardiomyopathy/ischemic cardiomyopathy, n ...
Holmqvist Fredrik - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Several ECG-based approaches have been shown to add value when risk-stratifying patients with congestive heart failure, but little attention has been paid to the prognostic value of abnormal atrial depolarization in this context. The aim of this study was to noninvasively analyze the atrial depolarization phase to identify markers ...
Chauhan Krati - - 2010
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCM) is a unique cardiomyopathy characterized by chest pain, ECG, and regional wall motion abnormalities closely mimicking acute myocardial infarction, in the absence of significant coronary artery disease. Classic ECG changes of TCM include ST elevation or T wave inversion. However, ECG abnormalities of TCM in patients with ...
Yagihara Nobue - - 2010
A 75-year-old man was admitted to our hospital in January 2010 for evaluation of syncope and abnormal ECG. ECG showed type 1 ST elevation in lead V(1) and he was diagnosed as Brugada syndrome. During cardiac catheterization, baseline coronary angiography was normal, but intracoronary ergonovine maleate induced spasms of the ...
Das Mithilesh K - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Several invasive and noninvasive tests for risk stratification of sudden cardiac death (SCD) have been studied. Tests such as microwave T wave alternans (repolarization abnormality) and signal-averaged ECG (depolarization abnormality) have high negative predictive values but low positive predictive values in patients with heart disease. The presence ...
Ficili Sabina - - 2010
A 48-year-old man with an episode of syncope and family history of sudden cardiac death was evaluated. The ECG showed negative T waves from V1 to V3 with evidence of epsilon-wave. Magnetic resonance imaging showed replacement with fibrofatty tissue in midapical regions of free wall of the right ventricle with ...
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