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Templeton D L DL School of Kinesiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, United States. - - 2012
The primary purpose of this study was to examine the changes in myocardial oxidative stress during the support of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). Myocardial tissue was collected from the lower left ventricle of 15 adult subjects with class IV heart failure (HF) during LVAD placement (n=9) or LVAD ...
Kim Young-Seop - - 2012
During vertebrate heart valve formation, Wnt/β-catenin signaling induces BMP signals in atrioventricular canal (AVC) myocardial cells and underlying AVC endocardial cells then undergo endothelial-mesenchymal transdifferentiation (EMT) by receiving this BMP signals. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) have been implicated in numerous developmental processes by regulating gene expression. However, their specific roles in ...
Tanno Masaya - - 2012
Sirtuins are a highly conserved family of histone/protein deacetylases whose activity can prolong the lifespan of model organisms such as yeast, worms and flies. In mammalian cells, seven sirtuins (SIRT1-7) modulate distinct metabolic and stress-response pathways, SIRT1 and SIRT3 having been most extensively investigated in the cardiovascular system. SIRT1 and ...
De Meyer Simon F - - 2012
Recently, a growing number of studies have revealed a prothrombotic and cytotoxic role for extracellular chromatin. Cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury is characterized by a significant amount of cell death and neutrophil activation, both of which may result in the release of chromatin. The goal of this study was to assess the ...
Tian Rong R Department of Nuclear Medicine, Sichuan University, 37 Guoxuexiang, Chengdu, China - - 2012
The aim of this article is to present the results of an imaging study of myocardial apoptosis induced by ischemia/reperfusion injury. Twenty nude mice were randomly divided into an experimental group (10 mice) and control group (10 mice). In the experimental group, myocardial apoptosis was induced by ligation of the ...
Lehtonen Siri T - - 2012
Although several studies have demonstrated a functional recovery of infarcted myocardial tissue after cell therapy, little is known about the molecular mechanisms behind it. The aim of this study was to characterize the effect of cell therapy at the molecular level to screen for novel target candidates for future therapy ...
Domenichini Giulia - - 2012
Left ventricular (LV) function may be impaired by right ventricular (RV) apical pacing. The interventricular septum is an alternative pacing site, but randomized data are limited. Our aim was to compare ejection fraction (EF) resulting from pacing the interventricular septum versus the RV apex. RV lead implantation was randomized to ...
Zhang Ling - - 2012
We have previously shown that the inhibition of histone deacetylases (HDACs) protects the heart against acute myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury. We also demonstrated that HDAC inhibition stimulates myogenesis and angiogenesis in a cultured embryonic stem cell model. We investigate whether in vivo inhibition of HDAC preserves cardiac performance and ...
Ziegler Melanie - - 2012
BACKGROUND: CXCR4-positive bone marrow cells (BMCs) are critically involved in cardiac repair mechanisms contributing to preserved cardiac function. "Stromal cell-derived factor-1" (SDF-1) is the most prominent BMC homing factor known to augment BMC engraftment which is a limiting step of stem cell-based therapy. Following myocardial infarction (MI), SDF-1 expression is ...
Arslan Uğur - - 2012
To compare coronary blood flow in diabetic, prediabetic and nondiabetic patients with angiographically normal coronary arteries. In the present retrospective study, 759 patients with normal coronary arteries who underwent coronary angiography between January 2010 and July 2011 were enrolled. The angiograms of eligible patients were reviewed again for thrombolysis in ...
Zhang Hong Xiang - - 2012
Background: Whether right ventricular outfow tract septum (RVOTS) pacing is superior to right ventricular apex (RVA) pacing with respect to left ventricular synchrony, cardiac function, and remodelling in the elderly with normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), is still unknown. Aim: To assess the impact of RVOTS vs. RVA pacing ...
Zhang W - - 2012
Background and objectives: Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is the most clinically common type of sleep-related breathing disorders. In this study, the effect of OSAHS on ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) was investigated.Methods: Seventy-five patients with STEMI were included in this study. The patients were divided into two groups: ...
Yamada Shinya - - 2012
Backgrounds. Elevated uric acid (UA) level is reported to be related to the development of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) which is associated with high incidence of ventricular tachycardia (VT) and sudden cardiac death. However, little is known about the association between serum UA levels and the occurrence of VT. Thus, ...
Berdajs D - - 2012
The impact of preoperative impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) in octogenarians following coronary bypass surgery on short-term survival was evaluated in this study. A total of 147 octogenarians (mean age 82.1 ± 1.9 years) with coronary artery diseases underwent elective coronary artery bypass graft between January 2000 and December ...
Kalinauskienė Eglė - - 2012
OBJECTIVE. The aim of this study was to evaluate T-wave normalization during the 6-month follow-up in the patients who underwent early or late mechanical recanalization of the infarct-related artery with and without stent implantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS. A total of 248 consecutive patients were divided into the following groups: early ...
Stankovic Sanja - - 2012
Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) has been suggested as an inflammatory marker of cardiovascular risk. The predictive value of Lp-PLA2 in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been established. The aim of this study was to determine whether plasma Lp-PLA2 is a predictor ...
Li Hong - - 2012
Biomarkers released from the heart at early stage of ischemia are very important to diagnosis of ischemic heart disease and salvage myocytes from death. Known specific markers for blood tests including CK-MB, cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) are released after the onset of significant necrosis instead ...
Cincin Altug - - 2012
Changes in electrocardiography (ECG) parameters, including sinus tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, bundle branch blocks, Q waves and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, are commonly observed in patients with heart failure (HF). To determine whether specific ECG parameters have a diagnostic role in predicting LV systolic dysfunction (LVSD) in patients with suspected HF. ...
Balderas-Munoz Karla - - 2012
Background: The utility of L-arginine and L-citrulline in treatment of arterial hypertension by increasing vascular oxide nitric availability has been demonstrated. Photoplethysmography, a simple and low-cost optical technique, makes it possible to assess vascular function and to detect changes in blood flow, pulse and swelling of the microvascular tissular space. ...
Zhou Ying Chun - - 2012
Buyang Huanwu decoction (BYHWD) is a well-known and canonical Chinese medicine formula from "Correction on Errors in Medical Classics" in Qing dynasty. Here, we show that BYHWD could alleviate the ventricular remodeling induced by left anterior descending (LAD) artery ligation in rats. BYHWD treatment (18 g/kg/day) decreased heart weight/body weight (HW/BW), ...
Pourmoghaddas Ali - - 2012
One of the causes of mortality in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is ventricular tachycardia. Abnormal serum Potassium (K) level is one of the probable causes of ventricular tachycardia in patients with AMI. This study carried out to determine the relationship between serum potassium level and frequency of ventricular tachycardia in ...
Golabchi Allahyar - - 2012
Current guidelines recommend cardiac rehabilitation programs (CRP) as a means to improve functional status of patients after coronary revascularization. However, research supporting this recommendation has been limited and positive effects of CRP on diastolic function are controversial. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of an 8-week ...
Yi Shao-lei - - 2012
In ventricular fibrillation, the uncoupling of gap junctions slows conduction velocity and increases action-potential dispersion, which slows and diminishes defibrillation. We studied how the peptide ZP123, a gap-junction enhancer, might lower defibrillation-energy requirements during ventricular fibrillation in live pigs. We randomly assigned 33 pigs into 3 groups: ZP123 (receiving a ...
Yoshikawa Hisao - - 2012
In patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), LV midwall fractional shortening (FS) is used as a measure of LV systolic performance that is more physiologically appropriate than conventional FS. For evaluation of LV volume and ejection fraction (EF), 2-dimensional (2D) echocardiography is more accurate than M-mode echocardiography. The purpose of ...
Hsu Po-Chao - - 2012
Increased arterial stiffness is associated with left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD), but this association may be influenced by left ventricular (LV) performance. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is not only a significant determinant of LV performance, but is also correlated with LVDD. This study is designed to compare LV diastolic function ...
Angelini Paolo - - 2012
We report a case of severe apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in order to discuss the nature of this unusual condition and the possibility of using selective alcohol ablation to effectively treat symptomatic hypertrophic cardiomyopathy that presents with apical aneurysm. A 73-year-old woman with severe, progressive dyspnea and intermittent chest pain was ...
Atalar Fatmahan - - 2012
Visceral fat deposition and its associated atherogenic complications are mediated by glucocorticoids. Cardiac visceral fat comprises mediastinal adipose tissue (MAT) and epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), and MAT is a potential biomarker of risk for obese patients. Our objective was to evaluate the role of EAT and MAT 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type ...
Di Lascio Gabriella - - 2012
We sought to determine whether skeletal myoblasts, wild-type or engineered to express relaxin, might improve myocardial viability and performance in a rat model of chronic myocardial infarction. Our purpose was to investigate a potential new therapy for heart failure. From October 2005 through September 2009, we surgically induced acute myocardial ...
Dagvasumberel Munkhbaatar - - 2012
Growing evidence suggests that epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) may contribute to the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). In this study, we explored gender disparities in EAT volume (EATV) and its impact on coronary atherosclerosis. The study population consisted of 90 consecutive subjects (age: 63 ± 12 years; men: 47, ...
Wu Xiaolin - - 2012
Abnormal increase in sympathetic nerve sprouting was responsible for the ventricular arrhythmogenesis after myocardial infarction. This study investigated whether the norepinephrine transporter inhibitor, desipramine, can modulate sympathetic remodeling and ventricular fibrillation threshold (VFT) after myocardial ischemia-reperfusion. Rats were administered desipramine (0.8 mg/kg, i.v.) before or after myocardial ischemia. VFT, infarct size, ...
Khan Sher Bahadar - - 2012
To study the effect of thrombolytic therapy in term of success and failure on the type of ST elevation MI, using streptokinase. This was a comparative study, conducted at Department of Cardiology, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, from October 2006 to October 2007. Patients with first acute myocardial infarction were divided ...
Liutkevičienė Rasa R Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania. - - 2012
The aim of our study was to determine if the genotype of the matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) gene might carry the risk of age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) in patients with myocardial infarction. A total of 499 patients with an acute myocardial infarction or with a history of myocardial infarction were enrolled ...
Porter Karen - - 2011
Minimizing damage during reperfusion of the heart following an ischemic event is an important part of the recovery process, as is preventing future recurrences; however, restoring blood perfusion to the heart following ischemia can lead to apoptosis, necrosis, and finally, diminished cardiac function. Exercise reduces risk of heart disease and ...
Agüero Jaime - - 2012
In heart failure (HF), sympathetic hyperactivation induces deleterious effects in myocardial β-adrenergic signaling, with receptor down-regulation and desensitization mediated by G protein receptor-coupled kinases (GRKs). We hypothesised that changes in GRK isoforms may be associated with clinical status in advanced HF, using the Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support ...
Vincent Anne - - 2011
Aims Myocardial infarction leads to heart failure and death. Ischemic preconditioning (PreC) and postconditioning (PostC) reduce infarct size in animal models and human. Zac1 was identified as the only gene related to apoptosis and jointly down regulated upon PreC and PostC. The aim of our study was to investigate the ...
Kuster Diederik W D - - 2011
Despite the apparent appropriateness of left ventricular (LV) remodeling following myocardial infarction (MI), it poses an independent risk factor for development of heart failure. There is a paucity of studies into the molecular mechanisms of LV remodeling in large animal species. We took an unbiased molecular approach to identify candidate ...
Bao Mingwei M Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, - - 2011
Gap junction channels in ventricular myocardium are required for electrical and metabolic coupling between cardiac myocytes and for normal cardiac pump function. Although much is known about expression patterns and remodeling of cardiac connexin(Cx)43, little is known about the less abundant Cx45, which is required for embryonic development and viability, ...
Gladka Monika M - - 2011
Cardiac hypertrophy is a thickening of the heart muscle that results in enlargement of the ventricles, which is the primary response of the myocardium to stress or mechanical overload. Cardiac pathological and physiological hemodynamic overload causes enhanced protein synthesis, sarcomeric reorganization and density, and increased cardiomyocyte size, all culminating into ...
Cao Dian J - - 2011
The heart is a highly plastic organ. In a recent study, we found that autophagy is a required element in load-induced cardiomyocyte growth; when autophagy is suppressed, the heart does not grow. Conversely, afterload stress triggers a transient increase in cardiomyocyte autophagic activity which settles to a new--higher--baseline once the ...
Dhalla Naranjan S - - 2011
Although several risk factors including hypertension, cardiac hypertrophy, coronary artery disease, and diabetes are known to result in heart failure, elderly subjects are more susceptible to myocardial infarction and more likely to develop heart failure. This article is intended to discuss that cardiac dysfunction in hearts failing due to myocardial ...
Li Jie J Division of Basic Biomedical Sciences, Sanford School of Medicine of the University of South Dakota, 414 East Clark Street, Lee Medical Building, Vermillion, South Dakota 57069, - - 2011
The ubiquitin-proteasome system degrades most intracellular proteins, including misfolded proteins. Proteasome functional insufficiency (PFI) has been observed in proteinopathies, such as desmin-related cardiomyopathy, and implicated in many common diseases, including dilated cardiomyopathy and ischemic heart disease. However, the pathogenic role of PFI has not been established. Here we created inducible ...
Ugata Yusuke - - 2012
Postconditioning (PosC), which is a brief period of ischemia performed at the time of reperfusion therapy, reduces the infarct size in animal models. We aim to evaluate the impact of PosC in patients with ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). Between January 2008 and August 2009, 37 STEMI patients received PosC. ...
Wang Zhi-Hua - - 2011
Intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (IHH) protects hearts against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, but the underlying mechanisms are far from clear. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are paradoxically regarded as a major cause of myocardial I/R injury and a trigger of cardioprotection. In the present study, we investigated whether the ROS generated during early ...
Zhang Jiang - - 2011
The rapid increase in the prevalence of chronic heart failure (CHF) worldwide underscores an urgent need to identify biomarkers for the early detection of CHF. Post-translational modifications (PTMs) are associated with many critical signaling events during disease progression and thus offer a plethora of candidate biomarkers. We have employed a ...
Fiedler Jan - - 2011
Background- Myocardial infarction leads to cardiac remodeling and development of heart failure. Insufficient myocardial capillary density after myocardial infarction has been identified as a critical event in this process, although the underlying mechanisms of cardiac angiogenesis are mechanistically not well understood. Methods and Results- Here, we show that the small ...
Ahmed Mushtaq - - 2011
The term non-ST elevated Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) encompasses unstable Angina (USA) and non-ST segment elevated Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI), both of which may end up in death or a fatal/non-fatal Myocardial Infarction (MI). Unfractionated heparin (UFH) has been shown to reduce death and MI in patients with USA and NSTEMI. ...
Weng Shaoxiang - - 2011
In the present study, the myocardial protective effects of erythropoietin (EPO) by inhibition of the expression of caspase-12 were investigated in a myocardial infarction rat model. Thirty male SD rats were divided into three groups: sham-operation group, myocardial infarction group and EPO treatment group. The myocardial infarction model was created ...
Leenders Joost J - - 2011
Cardiac hypertrophy is considered an early hallmark during the clinical course of heart failure and an important risk factor for cardiac morbidity and mortality. Although hypertrophy of individual cardiomyocytes in response to pathological stimuli has traditionally been considered as an adaptive response required to sustain cardiac output, accumulating evidence from ...
Scheller Bertram - - 2011
We studied whether low hemoglobin concentrations during normovolemia change the myocardial electrical current (electrocardiogram) in a pig model. Normovolemic anemia was achieved by stepwise replacing blood with colloids (hydroxyethyl starch 6%). We measured the length of the PQ-, QT-, QTc, and the ST interval as well as the amplitude of ...
Fukumoto Atsushi - - 2011
To evaluate real-world outcomes of PCI in unselected individuals using sirolimus-eluting (SESs) or paclitaxel-eluting stents (PESs) in a single-center randomized trial. Eight hundred consecutive patients (919 lesions) with coronary artery disease were randomized to receive SES or PES implantation. In-hospital, mid-term, and 1-year clinical and angiographical outcomes in both groups ...
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