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Results 401 - 450 of 977
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Pascoe J R - - 1999
Eight horses were fitted surgically with 8 ultrasonic sonomicrometer crystals each attached to their left ventricular pericardia and a left atrial catheter. Three horses returned to treadmill performance with a maximum rate of oxygen consumption similar to their presurgical values. These horses were evaluated to determine how well sonomicrometer estimates ...
Snyder R W - - 1999
Bacterial pericarditis with cardiac tamponade is a life-threatening disorder that has been associated with a variety of organisms. There is usually an associated underlying condition or a seeding of the pericardium from an infection elsewhere. We report the development of cardiac tamponade and a subsequent pericardial constriction due to group ...
Palacios IF - - 1999
Pericardial effusion may occur as a result of a variety of clinical conditions, including viral, bacterial, or fungal infections and inflammatory, postinflammatory, autoreactive, and neoplastic processes. More common causes of pericardial effusion and tamponade include malignancy, renal failure, viral and bacterial infectious processes, radiation, aortic dissection, and hypothyroidism. It can ...
Belzberg H - - 1999
Preoperative preparation of the cardiac patient is based on matching the cardiac reserve to the blood flow demands imposed by surgical stress and the underlying disease state. Evaluation must include functional assessment of any coronary artery disease or other organic cardiac disease that may place myocardial tissue at risk of ...
Jellema W T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: To compare continuous cardiac output obtained by simulation of an aortic input impedance model to bolus injection thermodilution (TDCO) in critically ill patients with septic shock. METHODS: In an open study, mechanically ventilated patients with septic shock were monitored for 1 (32 patients), 2 (15 patients), or 3 (5 ...
Pesce C - - 1999
Central venous catheterization is a reliable technique in neonatal surgery. Nevertheless, the rate of mechanical catheter-related complications remains high. We report a neonate with gastroschisis in which the successful placement of a central venous catheter was followed later by a cardiac tamponade with a fatal outcome. This complication occurred without ...
Cook M A - - 1999
Secondary neoplastic involvement of the heart is common but usually asymptomatic. Malignancy rarely presents as acute pericarditis, cardiac tamponade, and myocardial infarction in the same patient. We report a patient with unsuspected metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma who presented with acute pericarditis and cardiac tamponade and subsequently developed a myocardial infarction due ...
Dalrymple-Hay M J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Following corrective cardiac surgery in infants and children for congenital heart disease, a persistent low cardiac output refractory to conventional modes of treatment is associated with a mortality approaching 100%. We advocate the use of whole body hypothermia to reduce tissue oxygen demand and provide a degree of cellular ...
Crystal E - - 1999
AIMS: To compare empirically programmed and cardiac output-based programming of atrioventricular (AV) interval in patients with dual chamber pacemakers. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 19 patients with implanted dual chamber pacemakers due to AV block but otherwise normal hearts, cardiac output was assessed using an impedance cardiography device. In all patients, ...
Tutar H E - - 1999
A 12-year-old girl presented with recurrent pericardial effusion due to firearm pellet injury to the left ventricle. The pellet was localized by two-dimensional echocardiography within the left ventricular apical wall. Since the patient was asymptomatic, left ventriculotomy was avoided to extract the pellet and only pericardial tube drainage was carried ...
Zimmer H G - - 1999
The basic instruments for measuring functional cardiovascular parameters and the most important discoveries made by Carl Ludwig and his disciples in cardiovascular physiology are described and put into perspective in regard to the further development of his methods and ideas. The most important apparatus was the kymograph, which, for the ...
McCloy K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of 5-mL injectate on cardiac output measurements in critically ill patients with low ventricular ejection fraction (< 35%). METHODS: Thermodilution cardiac output measurements obtained with three 5-mL and three 10-mL (randomly ordered) iced injectates in 50 patients with low ejection fraction were averaged if the ...
Kuvin J T - - 1999
A 37-year-old woman was evaluated for signs and symptoms of cardiac tamponade 11 days after mitral valve replacement and tricuspid valve repair. The transthoracic echocardiogram showed a large, compartmentalized pericardial effusion that resulted in left ventricular apical diastolic collapse. Also noted were right ventricular posterior wall diastolic collapse and hemodynamic ...
Zöllner C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of a new continuous cardiac output monitor in critically ill patients. DESIGN: Criterion standard study. SETTING: Cardiac surgery intensive care unit in a university hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty cardiac surgical patients requiring intensive care treatment with pulmonary artery catheters after surgery. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN ...
Kööbi T - - 1999
This review deals with recent developments in non-invasive cardiac output measurement. In the past few years significant progress has been made with semi-invasive transoesophageal echocardiography; the method now provides advanced facilities to measure cardiac output and other important characteristics of cardiac function. The method is, however, operator-dependent and the equipment ...
Baillard C - - 1999
Ten critically ill patients underwent this prospective study to assess the reliability of the continuous thermodilution versus transoesophageal Doppler techniques in the determination of continuous cardiac output (CO) and systemic vascular resistance (SVR). A total of 145 pairs of CO and SVR measurements were obtained by both a pulmonary artery ...
Albert N M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The reliability of cardiac output obtained with the bolus technique is a problem. OBJECTIVES: To compare measurements of cardiac output measured with bolus and continuous techniques in patients with low cardiac output and to determine if measurements obtained with the continuous technique increased the number of subsequent clinical decisions. ...
Zácek P - - 1999
Thoracic electrical bioimpedance cardiography is a non-invasive, continuous and low-cost method of estimation of cardiac output and other haemodynamic parameters. Though subject to continuous technological refinement controversial opinions exist on its validity in subsets of critically ill patients, patients with heart disease or after cardiac surgery. A comparison study between ...
Steinberger J - - 1999
Pulmonary valvar stenosis with intact ventricular septum is a common anomaly. This lesion poses a fixed obstruction to the right ventricular outflow. The right ventricle ejects the entire cardiac output across the stenotic valve. Right ventricular systolic pressure and oxygen demand are increased at rest and more so with exercise. ...
Sunday R - - 1999
Neoplastic involvement of the pericardium resulting in an effusion and subsequent tamponade is an emergency requiring prompt decompression, generally safely accomplished by subxiphoid pericardiectomy. However, the current case report describes a patient with florid pericardial tamponade who underwent surgical decompression with transient hemodynamic improvement, who then rapidly developed progressive, heart ...
Verrier R L - - 1998
BACKGROUND: A nonsurgical means to access the normal pericardial space could provide opportunities for diagnostic sampling and therapeutic interventions. Because there are currently no approved nonsurgical methods to accomplish this, we tested a new approach in large animals. METHODS AND RESULTS: A catheter system was employed in a percutaneous approach ...
Forster M R - - 1998
We report on a case of a 43-year-old man who developed reversible myocardial depression and pericarditis related to severe sepsis secondary to rectosigmoid colonic perforation. The management of this patient was aided by the use of a continuous thermodilution cardiac output catheter and monitor, recently introduced in clinical practice.
Kasravi B - - 1998
To develop a safe, noninvasive, simple, inexpensive, and clinically adaptable method for estimating cardiac output, we evaluated the potential of lung to finger circulation time (LFCT) and buildup time (Tb) of oxygen as measured by pulse oximetry to estimate cardiac output. Significant correlation was found between cardiac output as measured ...
Rennotte M T - - 1998
The multiple inert gas elimination technique (MIGET) is being increasingly used in respiratory physiology and pathophysiology. Six inert gases are given as an intravenous infusion then measured in samples of expired air and mixed arterial and venous blood. This requires right-sided catheterization, a procedure that is sometimes ethically inappropriate. The ...
Hendrickx J F - - 1998
Sevoflurane uptake (Vsevo) can be predicted by the square root of time model or the four-compartment model. However, Vsevo and the effect of cardiac output on anaesthetic uptake have not been quantified clinically. After obtaining IRB approval and informed consent, 34 adult patients received closed-circuit anaesthesia with sevoflurane for 1 ...
Yamakage M - - 1998
PURPOSE: Although thromboelastography is useful for measuring both coagulability and fibrinolysis, it takes about two hours to measure all parameters including fibrinolytic rate. The present study aimed to investigate the usefulness of celite-activated thromboelastography (TEGc) to evaluate fibrinolytic status in non-cardiac surgery. METHODS: Whole blood samples were obtained from 30 ...
Kislukhin V - - 1998
In complex therapy of acute or chronic cardiac failure, the use of valve-free centrifugal pumps or artificial heart ventricles takes place. In these cases, simultaneous monitoring of cardiac and pump performance is very important. In this study, an ultrasound dilution method based on the registration of two dilution curves after ...
Gawlinski A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Nursing care of patients with advanced heart failure with low ejection fraction requires strict management of IV fluids. Measurement of mixed venous oxygen saturation offers advantages over measurement of cardiac output because no administration of fluid is required and data are obtained continuously. OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between ...
Burfeind W R WR - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Mechanical cardiac stabilization is beneficial for precise coronary anastomoses on the beating heart. However, the effect of mechanical cardiac stabilization on hemodynamics, left ventricular performance, and the degree of injury to underlying tissue are uncertain. METHODS: Twelve swine (20-30 kg) underwent median sternotomy and a mechanical stabilizing device (United ...
Dulai G - - 1998
For the last two decades, peritoneovenous shunts (PVS) have commonly been used in the management of refractory ascites. However, these devices are associated with a wide variety of complications. We report a case of cardiac tamponade due to ventricular perforation by a PVS. Given the substantial morbidity associated with PVS, ...
Mihm F G - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To validate a new system of continuous cardiac output monitoring. DESIGN: Multicenter, prospective, nonrandomized clinical study. SETTING: Four university hospitals. PATIENTS: Forty-seven adult intensive care unit patients. INTERVENTIONS: Pulmonary artery catheterization. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Continuous and bolus cardiac output measurements were obtained over 72 hrs. The 327 continuous ...
Kikura M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of 1.5 mg/kg bolus of amrinone on low cardiac output (CO) state following emergence from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in cardiac surgical patients. METHODS: Immediately after emergency from CPB, 14 patients with a cardiac index (CI) less than 2.2 l.min-1.m-2 ...
Collier P E - - 1998
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study was undertaken to determine the mechanism by which cardiac tamponade (CT) occurs after placement of central venous catheters (CVC), and to determine if physicians are aware of this potentially lethal complication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five previously unreported cases of CT from CVC were reviewed. The chest ...
Cohen A J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: A new device, using whole body bioresistance measurements and a new equation for calculating stroke volume has been developed. Using this equation, an attempt was made to correlate whole body bioresistance cardiac output with thermodilution cardiac output in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: Thirty-one adults undergoing elective ...
Herzog E - - 1998
Pericardial effusion is a common disorder associated with a variety of medical disorders. Diagnostic methods of choice include echocardiography, CT, and MRI. However, diagnosing pericardial effusion with radionuclides is uncommon. A pericardial effusion under pressure may result in tamponade and hemodynamic compromise, which constitutes a cardiac emergency, necessitating emergency intervention ...
Edner M - - 1998
In the Cooperative New Scandinavian Enalapril Survival Study (CONSENSUS II), in which enalapril treatment was initiated intravenously within 24 h after acute myocardial infarction, there was a neutral effect on 6-month mortality, whereas a beneficial effect on the progression of congestive heart failure was noted. We studied the effect of ...
Levitt M A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Thoracoabdominal esophagogastrectomy is associated with a number of potential life-threatening complications. PATIENTS: We describe a patient with intraoperative hypotension in which a number of therapeutic maneuvers eventually led to the diagnosis of cardiac tamponade. RESULTS: Once the diagnosis of tamponade was made, it was successfully treated by the release ...
Oe H - - 1998
We report here on a 73-year-old woman who ingested 3.6 g (40 mg x 90 tablets) of verapamil in a suicide attempt. On arrival, the patient was awake and well oriented. Two and a half hours after ingestion, she lost consciousness, as her heart rate and blood pressure began to ...
Shivalkar B - - 1998
Thiamine deficiency can have cardiovascular and neurological manifestations. Cardiac beriberi is classically thought to represent a high-output state with oliguria and lactic acidosis. The condition can, however, also present itself with a low cardiac output and fulminant vascular collapse, or as an acute fatal form, causing sudden death, without clear-cut ...
Jones P E - - 1998
Laparoscopic procedures are becoming increasingly popular, even in the severely ill patient. We present a case of a cardiac transplant candidate with an ejection fraction of less than 15% who underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. This is the first case in which intraoperative hemodynamic measurements were recorded in a patient with ...
Jin H - - 1998
Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1), a newly discovered cytokine, has been shown to induce cardiac hypertrophy in vitro and in vivo. The present study examined the effects of CT-1 on haemodynamics and cardiac function. The measurements of haemodynamic parameters were made using in-dwelling catheters and flow probes in conscious, unrestrained rats. Intravenous administration ...
Isobe M - - 1998
Acquired hypothyroidism is known to cause cardiac tamponade. However, pericardial effusion in cretinism in adulthood has rarely been reported. A 27-year-old dwarfish woman suffering from congestive heart failure was diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism due to the presence of a sublingual thyroid. The patient had never received thyroid therapy until the ...
Fam A G - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical features of acute gouty synovitis associated with thick, milky white, "chalky," urate laden synovial effusions, and to investigate the effects on synovial white blood cell (WBC) counts when leukocyte-rich rheumatoid effusions are incubated with a urate packed milky synovial fluid. METHODS: Five patients (all men, ...
Seo H - - 1997
An enhanced method for determining cardiac output using Doppler color flow imaging techniques to measure mitral orifice diameter was developed and validated in an experimental model and in clinical patients. In an in vitro circuit model, color jet width correlated well with actual orifice dimension from 12 to 24 mm ...
Lazzara R R - - 1997
We report a case of cardiac tamponade resulting in a death following minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass. Despite absence of clinical symptoms at the time of hospital discharge, cardiac tamponade physiology may have been evident on close evaluation of Doppler studies of the left internal mammary artery. Performance of ...
Franken N A - - 1997
The aim of the study was to compare in vivo cardiac function with ex vivo cardiac performance after local heart irradiation in the same rat. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was measured in vivo by radionuclide ventriculography in Sprague-Dawley rats up to 16 months after a single dose of 20 ...
Liu S C - - 1997
A 76-year-old woman suffered from sudden loss of consciousness while sitting in a chair. She was sent to a local hospital and found to be in shock. After a brief period of external cardiac massage, she was transferred to our hospital. In our emergency department she was lethargic with cool, ...
Greim C A - - 1997
Continuous thermodilution (CT) using a pulmonary artery (PA) catheter with a thermal filament has the potential for intraoperative on-line monitoring of cardiac output. Liver transplantation frequently requires rapid fluid administration and often includes the use of an extracorporeal veno-venous bypass. To assess the agreement between CT and bolus thermodilution (BT) ...
Lachapelle M F - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to establish whether index values of cardiac performance could discriminate between the twin-twin transfusion syndrome and placental insufficiency as the etiology of the polyhydramnios-oligohydramnios sequence in monochorionic diamniotic twins. STUDY DESIGN: Thirteen monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies with ultrasonographic evidence of polyhydramnios-oligohydramnios sequence had a complete echocardiography. ...
Krishnamurthy B - - 1997
This study was carried out to evaluate the ease of use and reliability of cardiac output estimations performed by an oesophageal Doppler monitor and to compare its use with that of a continuous cardiac output pulmonary flotation catheter. Measurements were made during and after surgery in 16 patients scheduled to ...
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