Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 978
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Dunsire M F - - 2001
Traumatic haemopericardium is an uncommon but life threatening condition. It is usually caused by penetrating cardiac injuries or cardiac rupture from blunt chest trauma. We report haemopericardium and cardiac tamponade in a young girl after blunt abdominal trauma. She presented with mild upper abdominal pain, tachycardia and hypotension having been ...
Hoeper M M - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare catheter studies using a right ventricular ejection fraction (REF) catheter together with echocardiography and MRI in patients with pulmonary hypertension. Patients and methods: We compared hemodynamic findings, echocardiography, and MRI studies in 16 patients with pulmonary hypertension. Six healthy volunteers served as control subjects ...
Aller R - - 2001
The correction of hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) after liver transplantation (LT) remains controversial. The aims of our study were to: 1) analyze whether LT reverses HPS; 2) note any relationship between HPS and the systemic hemodynamic disturbance; and 3) note changes in circulating sex hormones and the possible association with pulmonary ...
Bruch C - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to define the association between low QRS voltage and cardiac tamponade or pericardial effusion and to assess the reversibility of low QRS voltage after therapeutic procedures. BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether low QRS voltage is a sign of cardiac tamponade or whether it ...
Lee C - - 2001
Successful management of pediatric cardiac emergencies requires an accurate diagnosis to institute an appropriate plan of therapy. The diagnosis, however, is not always straightforward, as evidenced by the nonspecific clinical picture that can be presented by congenital heart defects. Entertaining the possibility of a cardiac problem in neonates with pulmonary ...
Mixon T A - - 2001
Pericardial tamponade is a rare complication of acute myocardial infarction. The authors present the case of a patient with a large anterior myocardial infarction administered thrombolytics who developed postinfarction pericarditis. Because of a stuttering course with concomitant postinfarction angina, urgent angiography, leading to percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and stent implantation, ...
Ito M M First Department of Internal Medicine, Niigata University School of Medicine, 1-757 Asahimachi-dori, Niigata 951-8517, Niigata, Japan. - - 2001
A 60-year-old woman who had undergone repair of an atrial septal defect was readmitted to the hospital with dyspnea, abdominal distention, and leg edema 31 months after surgery. An echocardiogram demonstrated massive pericardial effusion. Cardiac catheterization revealed elevation and equilibrium of the 4-chamber diastolic pressure and a dip-and-plateau pattern in ...
Linton N W - - 2001
We have developed a new pulse contour cardiac output (PulseCO) algorithm based on frequency analysis studies of the arterial system. PulseCO was compared with thermodilution cardiac output (TDCO) in 10 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Results from one patient were unsuitable for analysis. In the remaining nine patients, 142 TDCO determinations ...
Anand Inder S. - - 2001
Congestive heart failure describes a syndrome with complex and variable symptoms and signs, including dyspnea, increased fatigability, tachypnea, tachycardia, pulmonary rales, and peripheral edema. Although this syndrome usually is associated with low cardiac output, it may occur in a number of so-called high output states, when the cardiac output is ...
Gentles T L - - 2001
Noninvasive Doppler cardiac output measurements are clinical standards in adults and children. Presently, these standard Doppler methods generally require relatively expensive and large imaging equipment with complex signal-processing techniques. Thus, universal access to these important measurements has been limited. Simple, portable Doppler methods have been validated previously and applied to ...
Aizawa K - - 2001
Screw-in atrial pacing leads are widely used. Cardiac tamponade is a complication. An 81-year-old woman with advanced atrioventricular block underwent permanent pacemaker implantation and subsequently developed cardiac tamponade. At surgery, the lead-tip screw was found penetrated through the right atrium but not through the pericardium. The source of bleeding was ...
Tsai-Goodman B - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive measurement of left ventricular output has been shown to be a repeatable technique. Little is known about the repeatability using echocardiography in determining pulmonary arterial diameters or right ventricular output. AIMS: To find the most repeatable point at which to measure pulmonary arterial diameter, and to compare the ...
McMahon B R - - 2001
Work in the last decade has shown that crustacean open circulatory systems are highly efficient and controlled in a complex manner. Control occurs at several levels. Myocardial contraction is initiated in the cardiac ganglion but constantly modulated by the central nervous system, both directly via the cardioregulatory nerves and indirectly ...
Goldman J H - - 2001
Left ventricular outflow tract stroke distance (SD) can be measured using pulsed-wave Doppler echocardiography, and is independent of body size. Moreover, persons with structurally normal hearts (heart rate < 55 beats/min) had SD > 0.18 m, and those with a heart rate > 95 beats/min had SD < 0.22 m; ...
Dekker A L - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Tilting the heart during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) causes a strong decrease in cardiac output. It is hypothesized that this decrease is caused by reduced right ventricular filling and that right ventricular support is thus the best way to restore cardiac output. Simultaneous left and right ventricular ...
Smedema J P JP Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiology Unit, Tygerberg Hospital, Western Cape, South - - 2001
This study is part of an ongoing initiative started in 1995 to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of adjuvant corticosteroids in the management of tuberculosis (TB) pericarditis. In this retrospective, descriptive study we describe the changes found on the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) in patients with TB pericarditis, with and without cardiac ...
de Backer T L - - 2001
Total arterial compliance (TAC, defined as dV/dP), is a major component of the arterial system. A decreased TAC increases left ventricular load and has a detrimental effect on coronary perfusion. We sought to assess the influence of TAC on the functional reserve (VO2max). Fourteen patients (mean age 64 +/- 14y) ...
Frazier S K - - 2001
Hemodynamic instability during weaning from mechanical ventilation is one proposed cause of weaning failure. This study evaluated cardiac power output (CPO) as an indicator of significant hemodynamic alteration and cardiac reserve during the transition from controlled mechanical ventilation to spontaneous ventilation using three clinical weaning modes. It also compared CPO ...
Südkamp M - - 2000
Patients with penetrating cardiac injury usually present with cardiac tamponade and shock upon hospital arrival. However, absence of hemodynamic depression does not exclude a potentially fatal injury of the heart. This article reports on a patient who developed neither hemodynamic depression nor ECG changes for several hours, despite two left ...
Kriz N G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of deconditioning on cardiac dimensions and indices of cardiac function in horses. ANIMALS: Thirteen 3-to 4-year-old Standardbred geldings. PROCEDURE: All horses had echocardiographic measurements performed at the conclusion of 9 months of intense training and at weeks 1.5, 4, 8, and 12 of deconditioning. Direct ...
Moosdorf R - - 2000
Constrictive pericarditis is a rare disease with an often unclear etiology. There may be a long delay between the onset of the underlying disease and the onset of clinical symptoms, which are fatigue, abdominal swelling, peripheral edema and breathlessness. However, if clinically apparent, these symptoms may progress rapidly and severely ...
Ishikawa S - - 2000
A 56-year-old Japanese male with delayed cardiac tamponade which occurred 13 months after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is presented. The patient was admitted to our hospital suffering from dypnea due to cardiac tamponade. Pericardiocentesis yielded a viscous bloody fluid. The patient recovered after continuous drainage followed by an intra-pericardial ...
Chinchoy E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Isolated heart models separate cardiac characteristics from systemic characteristics with subsequent findings used in cardiac research, including responses to pharmacologic, mechanical, and electrical components. The model objective was to develop the ability to represent in situ physiologic cardiac function ex vivo. METHODS: Swine hearts were chosen over rat or ...
Morita Y - - 2000
Rats are often used to study hemodynamics in animal research. We have established an alternative method to measure cardiac output in a conscious rat using a thermodilution technique via a left ventricular injection. The validity of this method was evaluated in conscious rats and compared with the results obtained using ...
van Heerden P V - - 2000
The Non-invasive Cardiac Output (NICO) monitor (Novametrix Medical Systems Inc., Wallingford, CT, U.S.A.) utilizes a minimally-invasive partial rebreathing method to determine cardiac output by means of a differential form of the Fick equation. We evaluated the NICO monitor by comparing its output to paired measurements obtained by the standard thermodilution ...
Ashavaid T F - - 2000
Coronary constriction, proliferation of smooth muscle cells and arrhythmia are involved in the pathophysiology of coronary heart disease and its complications such as myocardial infarction and sudden death. All these effects are favoured by high angiotensin II levels. Angiotensin II is the main effector molecule of the renin angiotensin system ...
Hsin S T - - 2000
PURPOSE: To present a patient who developed cardiac tamponade during insertion of an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was used as a means to diagnose the cardiac tamponade and to facilitate guiding of pericardiocentesis. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 45-yr-old man with protein S deficiency complicated by repeated ...
Johnston L J - - 2000
The incidence of cardiac tamponade after cardiac surgery is reported as ranging from 0.04% to 7%. Although a relatively infrequent complication, tamponade is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Reports of tamponade after pediatric cardiac surgery are few and generally associated with postcardiotomy syndrome or, less commonly, removal of left ...
Linton R A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess the suitability of lithium dilution as a method for measuring cardiac output in anesthetized horses, compared with thermodilution and transesophageal Doppler echocardiography. ANIMALS: 6 horses (3 Thoroughbreds, 3 crossbreeds). PROCEDURE: Cardiac output was measured in 6 anesthetized horses as lithium dilution cardiac output (LiDCO), thermodilution cardiac output ...
Keefe D L - - 2000
Cardiovascular emergencies in oncology patients include all of the usual cardiac problems, as well as complications of cancer and its therapy. Pericardial effusions and tamponade, cardiac masses, and extrinsic compression of the heart and great vessels by tumor masses, or fluid collections may all occur. Certain tumors may secrete mediators ...
Zöllner C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of a new pulse contour method of measuring cardiac output in critically ill patients. DESIGN: A prospective criterion standard study. SETTING: Cardiac surgery intensive care unit in a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen cardiac surgery patients requiring intensive care treatment with pulmonary artery catheters after surgery. ...
Johnson J L - - 2000
In patients with cardiomegaly and signs and symptoms compatible with CHF, unilateral right-sided or bilateral pleural effusions of similar size are likely to be due to left-sided CHF. Isolated right ventricular failure or chronic pulmonary hypertension is not usually associated with pleural effusions, and unrecognized or new-onset left ventricular dysfunction ...
Steiner M A - - 2000
Coronary perforation and resultant cardiac tamponade are well-known but rare complications of percutaneous coronary interventions. We present a case that demonstrates coronary sinus compression caused by increasing pericardial pressure as a new sign of impending cardiac tamponade. This previously unreported angiographic sign preceded hemodynamic, symptomatic, and echocardiographic evidence of tamponade.
Barin E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy and precision of an advanced thoracic bioimpedance cardiac output monitor by comparing it with conventional thermodilution. DESIGN: Prospective data collected from 47 patients undergoing routine cardiac catheterization. The new bioimpedance system differs from its predecessors in electrode system configuration, advanced signal processing, use of a ...
De Maria A N - - 2000
Cardiac output, usually expressed as liters of blood ejected by the left ventricle per minute, is a fundamental measure of the adequacy of myocardial function to meet the perfusion needs of tissue at any time. Decreases in cardiac output over time (when cardiac output is measured under similar conditions) may ...
Wooten M D - - 2000
Cardiac tamponade is a rare manifestation of systemic sclerosis. We report a man with diffuse systemic sclerosis with a hemorrhagic pericardial effusion who developed cardiac tamponade. He was treated successfully with corticosteroids, subtotal pericardectomy, and methotrexate. While pericardial effusion is common in patients with systemic sclerosis, the development of cardiac ...
Shekerdemian L S - - 2000
A low cardiac output state is an important cause of morbidity and mortality following repair of tetralogy of Fallot (ToF). This is often refractory to conventional measures. The cardiac output of these patients is highly dependent on diastolic pulmonary arterial flow which is enhanced during spontaneous respiration, but much reduced ...
Mazzoni V - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of pericardial effusion in acute myocardial infarction and the different prognosis associated with distinct patterns of pericardial effusion (anechoic/hypoechoic vs hyperechoic effusion). METHODS: Five hundred eighty-five consecutive patients admitted to the Coronary Care Unit for acute myocardial infarction were ...
Prielipp R C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Pulse oximetry (SpO2) is the non-invasive standard for monitoring arterial oxygen saturation in patients undergoing anesthesia, but is subject to external interference by motion artifact, peripheral vasoconstriction, and low cardiac output. We hypothesized that oximetry signals could be acquired from the esophagus when peripheral pulse oximetry is unobtainable. Therefore, ...
Neto E P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To compare semicontinuous cardiac output (CCO) with bolus cardiac output (BCO), in the immediate postoperative period after valvular surgery, under hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass with two CCO pulmonary artery catheters, based on the pulsed warm thermodilution technique, i.e., Opti-Q from Abbott or IntelliCath from Baxter-Edwards (Abbott and Baxter groups, respectively). ...
Royse C F - - 1999
This study assessed the agreement between three methods of cardiac output (CO) measurement, thermodilution, the current clinical standard, and two transoesophageal echocardiographic techniques. Measurements were performed in 37 patients using thermodilution, continuous wave Doppler across the aortic valve and pulsed wave Doppler positioned in the left ventricular outflow tract. The ...
Stepien R L - - 1999
Right lateral, left lateral and ventrodorsal radiographs were obtained in 20 normal ferrets (11 male). Three independent observers recorded measurements of the cardiac silhouette and results for each parameter were averaged. Long axis (length), short axis (width) and total of length plus width (L+W) were recorded in each view. Comparative ...
Kööbi T - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability of whole-body impedance cardiography in the measurement of cardiac output after coronary artery bypass grafting operation in comparison with the thermodilution method. DESIGN: Prospective, consecutive sampling. PATIENTS: A total of 82 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery were investigated. In a group of 41 patients ...
Mercé J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Clinical data are of unquestionable value for management purposes in cardiac tamponade, whereas the precise value of Doppler echocardiographic findings is not yet fully understood. We aimed to prospectively assess the correlation between clinical and Doppler echocardiographic signs in the diagnosis of cardiac tamponade in a large series of ...
Velmahos G C - - 1999
Pulmonary artery catheterization is usually not available to critically injured patients before admission to the intensive care unit, where action to correct values derived from such monitoring may be too late. Methods allowing hemodynamic monitoring during the early stages after trauma need to be explored. We used non-invasive monitoring systems ...
Summers R L - - 1999
Differentiation of the central haemodynamic state is often critical during acute resuscitation. A clinical case series is presented in which the use of thoracic electrical bioimpedance (TEB) was pivotal in the diagnostic determination of the pathophysiology. This new technology allows the emergency physician to rapidly determine cardiac output, total peripheral ...
Kuralay E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the effectiveness of posterior pericardiotomy from the point of pericardial effusion related with supraventricular tachycardia and development of delayed posterior cardiac effusions. Materials and methods: This prospective randomized study was carried out in 200 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery ...
Hoeper M M - - 1999
Assessment of cardiac output is an important part of the management of patients with pulmonary hypertension. The accuracy of the thermodilution technique in patients with low cardiac output or severe tricuspid regurgitation has been questioned. To address this issue, we simultaneously compared 105 cardiac output measurements by the Fick method ...
Jaffe M B - - 1999
The partial rebreathing method of cardiac output estimation is reviewed with a particular focus on its application for continuous monitoring, rebreathing and implementations and from both a historical and technical perspective. The assumptions of the method are discussed as well as the various implementations. The NICO monitor and rebreathing valve ...
Buhre W - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the precision and accuracy of continuous pulse contour cardiac output (PCCO) compared with intermittent transcardiopulmonary (TCPCO) and pulmonary artery thermodilution (TDCO) measurements in patients undergoing minimally invasive coronary bypass surgery (MIDCAB). DESIGN: Prospective, controlled, clinical study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve patients undergoing MIDCAB. INTERVENTIONS: Thirty-six measurements ...
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