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Luckraz H - - 2004
Clinically significant pericardial effusion is an uncommon complication after cardiac surgery. Pericardiocentesis can be performed either through a mini-sternotomy or under echocardiography guidance. Echocardiography guidance is a relatively safe procedure and it avoids the need for another general anaesthetic. However, in this post cardiac surgical patient echocardiography guided pericardiocentesis was ...
Faust Heather A - - 2004
All of our previous work, and that of other investigators, shows that the trout heart only partially recovers following brief exposure to severe hypoxia or anoxia (i.e. it is hypoxia-sensitive). However, in preliminary studies, we found evidence to suggest that rainbow trout reared at a farm in Oregon (USA) have ...
Terajima K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Hypertonic saline-dextran (HSD) has been utilized for small-volume resuscitation in acute circulatory shock. However, HSD has also been reported to induce myocardial depression. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of HSD on cardiac performance and splanchnic perfusion in a low cardiac output model based on ...
Yelderman Mark - - 2004
Indicator dilutions techniques offer the most reliable methods of determining clinical cardiac output because of the elastic nature of the cardiac vessels. A catheter-mounted beating filament affords a simple means of supplying "heat" indicator, but is power and temperature limited because of possible patient injury. A stochastic signal processing method ...
Ooi A - - 2003
A 65-year-old retired professional boxer presented with progressively worsening shortness of breath, peripheral oedema and mild abdominal swelling over a period of 6 months. His only past medical history was hypertension. Subsequent investigations revealed chylous ascites, pericardial constriction and bilateral chylothorax. He had uneventful pericardectomy, and post-operatively the chylothorax resolved ...
Hullett Bruce - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare CardioQ esophageal Doppler cardiac output and thermodilution cardiac output during off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: University-affiliated teaching hospital PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients (n = 20) undergoing elective coronary artery bypass surgery without cardiopulmonary bypass. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Three hundred thirty-one comparisons of ...
Eblen-Zajjur Antonio - - 2003
Ballistocardiography is an old, noninvasive technique used to record the movements of the body synchronous with the heartbeat due to left ventricular pump activity. Despite the fact that this technique to measure cardiac output has been superseded by more advanced and precise techniques, it is useful for teaching cardiac cycle ...
Peterson Polly B - - 2003
A 7-year-old, female spayed rottweiler was referred with a history of an acute onset of collapse attributable to cardiac tamponade. Thoracic radiographs revealed an enlarged cardiac silhouette compatible with pericardial effusion, sternal osteomyelitis, and an unusual mineralized lesion determined later to be within the aortic wall. The pericardial effusion was ...
Cholley Bernard P - - 2003
In this article we describe the esophageal Doppler, a noninvasive, instantaneous cardiac output monitor. Its reliability has been demonstrated to be comparable to that of other current techniques used in the clinical arena to measure cardiac output. It helps guiding intravascular fluid resuscitation by quantifying the increase in flow in ...
Webster J Anne - - 2003
PURPOSE: To present a case report of anesthesia for pericardial window surgery for acute cardiac tamponade in a patient with an anterior mediastinal mass in late pregnancy. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 34-yr-old gravida 2, para 1 patient presented at 29 weeks gestation with dyspnea, orthopnea, chest pain, and cough. Investigations showed ...
Van Mieghem Carlos - - 2003
A case of intramyocardial hematoma and cardiac tamponade after complicated percutaneous coronary intervention is reported. Hemorrhage as a result of the antiplatelet effect of IIb/IIIa receptor antagonists is the considered underlying mechanism.
Thierry Stéphane - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare measurements of cardiac output using a new pulmonary artery catheter with those obtained using two "gold standard" methods: the periaortic transit time ultrasonic flow probe and the conventional pulmonary artery thermodilution. DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial. SETTING: Cardiac surgery operating room and surgical ICU in a university hospital. ...
Sharma Sanjay - - 2003
Regular physical training is associated with several physiological and biochemical adaptations which enable an increase in cardiac output and widening of the systemic arterio-venous oxygen difference. An increase in cardiac chamber size is fundamental to the generation of a sustained increase in cardiac output for prolonged periods. Echocardiographic studies have ...
Scarfone Richard J - - 2003
We present 2 children who developed postpericardiotomy syndrome (PPS) and the rare complication of cardiac tamponade after cardiac surgery, each requiring life-saving pericardiocentesis in the emergency department (ED). Each child presented with vomiting as a chief complaint, an initial sign that has not been reported previously. As the frequency of ...
Moxon D - - 2003
The HemoSonic monitor (HemoSonic 100, Arrow International, Reading, PA, U.S.A.) is a minimally invasive device to determine cardiac output by means of M-mode and pulsed Doppler ultrasound. We evaluated the HemoSonic monitor by comparing its output to paired measurements obtained by the standard thermodilution technique in patients who had recently ...
Beardsall K - - 2003
Aim: To estimate the frequency of pericardial effusion/cardiac tamponade associated with the use of neonatal percutaneous long lines (PLLs) over the past five years. METHOD: A retrospective nationwide postal survey, of all neonatal and special care units in the United Kingdom. RESULTS: Eighty two cases of pericardial effusion/cardiac tamponade were ...
Pons Sandrine - - 2003
We investigated in mice whether atherosclerosis exacerbates the development of post-ischemic heart failure and alters the beneficial effects of long-term angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockade in this model. ApoE-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) and C57BL/6J (C57) mice with myocardial infarction (coronary ligation) received vehicle (C57 and ApoE(-/-)) or irbesartan (Ir, 50mg/kg/d orally, ...
Adachi Hitoshi - - 2003
An 83-year-old woman presented with dilated cardiomyopathy. Cardiac resynchronization therapy was performed. Two weeks later, cardiac output and ventricular wall motion were estimated using impedance cardiography and tissue Doppler echocardiography with and without pacing. Cardiac output increased from 3.5 to 4.5 l/min during biventricular pacing with a 120 msec atrioventricular ...
Olkowski A A - - 2003
The present study focuses on lesions of the pericardium commonly observed in fast growing broilers. These lesions are examined in the context of electrophysiological and functional changes associated with cardiac performance and patho-physiology in broilers succumbing to acute or chronic heart failure. Typical lesions involving the pericardium in fast growing ...
Rose David D - - 2003
Transesophageal echocardiography was first described and used to monitor cardiac function in 1976. Initially adopted by cardiac anesthesiologists and cardiologists, it has gained acceptance as an important diagnostic tool in the monitoring and assessment of cardiac status in the critically ill and trauma patient population. Comparative data suggest that transesophageal ...
Andersen Ulrik B - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Measurement of cardiac output in hyperkinetic patients with cirrhosis by Doppler echocardiography is increasingly reported, but has not been validated. We have compared simultaneous measurements of cardiac output by Doppler echocardiography (CO(d)) and by the indicator dilution technique (CO(I)). METHODS: Twelve patients with cirrhosis were studied. CO(d) was measured ...
Ceron Loris - - 2003
Pericardiocentesis was introduced during the 19th century, and reached its current level of development with the introduction of two-dimensional echocardiography. Although there is general agreement that complications are rare with skilled operators, a diagnostic and therapeutic problem often occurs when there is a posterior pericardial effusion, as it is not ...
Karlsson M G D - - 2003
Laser Doppler perfusion monitoring (LDPM) can be used for monitoring myocardial perfusion in the non-beating heart. However, the movement of the beating heart generates large artifacts. Therefore the aim of the study was to develop an LDPM system capable of correlating the laser Doppler signals to the cardiac cycle and ...
Mielck Frank - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate in a direct comparison accuracy and precision of continuous cardiac output measurements assessed by continuous pulmonary artery thermodilution technique (TDCCO), continuous pulse contour analysis (PCCO), and noninvasive partial CO(2)-rebreathing technique (NICO) in patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) during the postoperative period. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled clinical ...
Wright Jeremy J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Dizziness and loss of consciousness are common clinical problems presenting in general practice. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to provide the practitioner with a pragmatic and logical approach to identifying the cardiovascular causes of dizziness and loss of consciousness. DISCUSSION: A range of disorders with varying pathology cause a transient ...
Jaeggi Philip - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Assessment of hemodynamics by transesophageal Doppler devices (TDD) may be a less invasive alternative to the pulmonary artery catheter. In contrast to the TDD evaluated so far, a new monitor (HemoSonic100) measures both blood flow velocity and the diameter of the descending aorta. The aim of this study was ...
Zhao Xiaoqin - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of measuring cardiac output (CO) in the early post-cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) period by comparing thermodilution with Doppler methods. DESIGN: Prospective and blinded human trial. SETTING: Academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty adult patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Thermodilution CO ...
Katara Avinash N - - 2003
We report the case of a 60-year-old man presenting with a symptomatic, posteriorly loculated, pericardial effusion, and a concomitant pleural effusion a month after coronary artery bypass grafting. Following the initial insertion of an intercostal drain, he was treated by thoracoscopic creation of a pericardial window. His postoperative recovery was ...
Akdemir Ramazan - - 2003
A 52-year-old man presented with severe dyspnea 6 months after a thoracic firearm injury. Many pellets distributed in the thoracic wall and an enlarged cardiac silhouette were detected on chest X-ray. There was low voltage in all 12 leads and electrical alternans on electrocardiography. Echocardiography showed a massive pericardial effusion ...
Forauer Andrew R - - 2003
Cardiac tamponade is defined as an accumulation of fluid within the pericardial sac that is large enough to impair the diastolic filling of the ventricles. There are numerous causes, including cardiac disease, malignancy, and trauma (penetrating, blunt, and iatrogenic). With increasing complexity of percutaneous endovascular interventions, interventional radiologists must learn ...
Lundell Dwight C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Certain heart manipulations carried out to access anastomotic sites during beating heart coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) compromise hemodynamics, and these risks can affect end-organ perfusion and limit patient selection. Evidence suggests that right heart support (RHS) augments left ventricular preload and provides hemodynamic stability. This study evaluated hemodynamic measures ...
Tibby S M - - 2003
Systolic cardiac function results from the interaction of four interdependent factors: heart rate, preload, contractility, and afterload. Heart rate can be quantified easily at the bedside, while preload estimation has traditionally relied on invasive pressure measurements, both central venous and pulmonary artery wedge. These have significant clinical limitations; however, adult ...
Babic Z - - 2003
The authors have conducted a prospective investigation on 15 patients with hemodynamically unstable pericardial effusion (main criteria: echocardiographic signs of various degrees of right ventricular diastolic collapse and clinical instability) hospitalized in the Intensive Cardiac Unit (1.97% of all patients) for one year and have compared the results with literature ...
Hove Jens D - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possibility of measuring cardiac output during positron emission tomography (PET) examination of myocardial perfusion with nitrogen 13 ammonia. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 7 patients undergoing right-sided cardiac catheterization for evaluation of heart failure and 6 patients who had undergone heart ...
Oliva Ana Paula Vilcinsky - - 2003
This study was done to analyze the association between defining characteristics of decreased cardiac output (DCO) identified by noninvasive methods and the cardiac index (CI) estimated by thermodilution. Two defining characteristics were associated with DCO: decreased peripheral pulse and decreased peripheral perfusion. This study points out the relevance of peripheral ...
Handke Michael - - 2003
Determination of cardiac output is a potentially important clinical application of three-dimensional (3-D) echocardiography since it could replace invasive measurements with the Swan-Ganz-catheter. To date, there are no studies available to determine whether cardiac output measured by thermodilution can be predicted reliably under changing hemodynamic conditions. Fifteen pigs with ischemic ...
Husedzinović Ino - - 2002
AIM: To compare transesophageal echo-Doppler with thermodilution method for measuring cardiac output during dobutamine infusion after off-pump coronary artery bypass. METHOD: Using transesophageal echo-Doppler and thermodilution methods, we measured cardiac output in 30 patients after off-pump coronary artery bypass, immediately before and 5, 15, and 30 min after the introduction ...
Byrne John G - - 2002
Constrictive cardiac physiology typically does not occur in the absence of parietal pericardium. However, we report eight patients who, after left extrapleural pneumonectomy and removal of the parietal pericardium for malignancy, presented with dyspnea, jugular venous distension, and peripheral or generalized edema unresponsive to diuretics. Cardiac decortication (epicardiectomy) was performed ...
Mets B - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of a continuous cardiac output (CCO) monitor against an independent, intravascular measurement of flow as can be performed in patients fitted with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: Academic tertiary-care center. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients (n = 15) presenting for ...
Goyle Krishan K - - 2002
Pericarditis, or inflammation of the pericardium, is most often caused by viral infection. It can also develop as a result of bacterial or other infection, autoimmune disease, renal failure, injury to the mediastinal area, and the effects of certain drugs (notably hydralazine and procainamide). The clinical features of pericarditis depend ...
Masetti Paolo - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Hypotension refractory to maximal doses of alpha-adrenergic drugs after cardiac operations employing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been referred as "vasoplegic syndrome." Vasopressin has been used for its therapy with encouraging results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 16 patients (mean age 71, range 47 to 84 years) were treated with intravenous vasopressin ...
Cohen Marc - - 2002
Intra-aortic balloon (IAB) counterpulsation can augment the cardiac output. However, the effect of different IAB volumes on cardiac performance has not been adequately evaluated in humans. Eighty-two patients (52 males [63%]; mean age, 65 +/- 12 years; mean body surface area [BSA], 1.8 +/- 0.2 m(2)) had IAB counterpulsation for ...
Yang Tianen - - 2002
Iron-overload cardiomyopathy is the most common cause of death in patients with thalassemia major, yet the associated changes in cardiac function have not been quantified. We studied the effects of iron overload on cardiac function in Mongolian gerbils, a species that responds to iron overload in the same manner as ...
Hamilton Timothy T - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Cardiac output is often monitored after cardiac operations with a pulmonary artery catheter. A new method has been introduced that measures cardiac output by lithium dilution (LiDCO) and uses these data to calibrate a system (PulseCO) that calculates cardiac output continuously from the energy of the arterial pressure waveform. ...
Corley K T T - - 2002
Knowledge of cardiac output is expected to help guide the treatment of hypotension associated with critical illness and/or anaesthesia in neonatal foals. However, a practical and safe method of measuring cardiac output has not been described for the foal. Lithum dilution, a new method of cardiac output determination not requiring ...
Su Nuan-Yen NY Department of Anesthesiology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, 92 Sec. 2 Chung San N. Road, Taipei 10449, Taiwan, - - 2002
Bolus thermodilution cardiac output (BCO) measurement has been considered as the "gold standard" for cardiac output (CO) measurement. However, it requires placement of a pulmonary artery (PA) catheter, and questions have been raised regarding the risk/benefit ratio of this invasive technique. Furthermore, great variations between measurements have been reported. Continuous ...
Ozeki Shin-ichiro - - 2002
In August 1998, the patient, a 75-year-old woman, was diagnosed with pericardial effusion (PE) during an investigation of cardiomegaly. The PE disappeared after the administration of diuretics, but in February 1999, shortness of breath and general fatigue developed, and PE was again present. Diagnostic pericardiocentesis revealed bloody fluid. Chest computed ...
Araki Tsutomu - - 2002
A 64-year-old woman was admitted with systemic edema and exertional dyspnea. High-output heart failure was diagnosed by right heart catheterization and she was treated with diuretics. After 3 weeks, her symptoms disappeared but a high cardiac output state persisted. A diagnosis of Crow-Fukase syndrome was made based on the presence ...
Zhang H B - - 2002
To examine the haemodynamic effects of somatostatin (SS) and octreotide (OC) versus pitressin plus nitroglycerine (PN) in the control of variceal bleeding, 224 patients with acute oesophageal and gastric variceal haemorrhage were randomly divided into three groups and treated with SS, OC and PN; they also had their Doppler ultrasound ...
Schäfer G E - - 2002
Among the uremia-associated risk factor, which can be influenced today, anemia is considered most relevant because it induces functional and organic alterations of cardiac/circulatory function. Research concerning influence of the anemia on the pulmonary hemodynamic and cardiac output (CO) in pre-uremic patients are not available up to now. Cardiac and ...
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