Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 994
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Williams Simon G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of patients with mild-moderate chronic heart failure (CHF) over a long-term follow-up period is more difficult to predict than for patients with more severe CHF in the short term. This study assessed the prognostic value of various indicators of cardiac pump function to gain insight into how ...
Hofmann D - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Sufficient cardiac pre-load for maintaining adequate cardiac output is a major goal in the treatment of critically ill patients. We studied the effects of increasing cardiac output by fluid loading on the indocyanine green plasma disappearance rate (ICG-PDR) and gastric mucosal regional CO2 tension (PRco2) as an indicator of ...
Cholley Bernard P - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Measuring stroke volume or cardiac output is of paramount importance for the management of critically ill patients in the intensive care unit, or 'high risk' surgical patients in the operating room. The new noninvasive techniques are gaining acceptance among intensivists and anesthesiologists who have been trained almost ...
Vukmir Rade B - - 2005
To evaluate prospectively the effectiveness of monitoring end-diastolic volume (EDV) vs pulmonary artery occlusion pressure (PAO) as an estimate of cardiac preload in hemodynamically unstable critically ill 23 myocardial contusion patients with blunt chest trauma admitted to a university trauma center.. Patients were resuscitated (ATLS guidelines) with intubation and volume ...
Baulig W - - 2005
Summary The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of pulse dye densitometry with that of bolus thermodilution cardiac output measurement in patients before and after elective coronary artery bypass grafting. Twenty-eight patients were studied. Agreement between mean thermodilution and pulse dye densitometry cardiac output values was assessed ...
Christen Thomas - - 2005
We report the case of a 35-year-old man who had a transient ischemic cerebral attack and then underwent a percutaneous closure of the patent foramen ovale (PFO) with a Cardiastar device. One year later, the patient developed a cardiac tamponade due to an important hemorrhagic pericardial effusion. Transoesophageal echocardiography showed ...
Schmidt C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Impedance cardiography (ICG) has been used extensively to estimate stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output (CO) from changes of thoracic electrical bioimpedance (TEB). However, studies comparing ICG with reference methods have questioned the reliability of this approach. Electrical velocimetry (EV) provides a new algorithm to calculate CO from variations ...
Topaloglu Serkan - - 2006
Although pericarditis and pericardial effusion are common cardiac complications of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), cardiac tamponade is a very rare initial manifestation of this disease. We describe a case of a young male patient in whom cardiac tamponade secondary to a loculated pericardial effusion was the presenting symptom of SLE.
Manecke Gerard R - - 2005
Edwards Lifesciences has recently introduced the FloTrac sensor and Vigileo monitor system for monitoring cardiac output continuously. It does not require thermodilution or dye dilution, but rather bases its calculations on arterial waveform characteristics in conjunction with patient demographic data. It is unique among arterial waveform cardiac output systems in ...
Pittman James - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Pulse contour analysis can be used to provide beat-to-beat cardiac output (CO) measurement. The current study sought to evaluate this technique by comparing its results with lithium dilution CO (LiCO) measurements. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Surgical intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Twenty-two patients after cardiac or major noncardiac surgery. ...
Duggal B - - 2005
We assessed the effect of milrinone on myocardial function in pediatric patients with postoperative low cardiac output syndrome by index of myocardial performance in a prospective, open-label, nonrandomized, consecutive study. Fifteen patients with low cardiac output syndrome following cardiac surgical treatment were studied in the tertiary cardiothoracic pediatric intensive care ...
Ozaki Kazuyuki - - 2005
A 70-year-old Japanese woman was admitted to our hospital because of anasarca. At 32 years of age, she had undergone nephrectomy for renal tuberculosis. A continuous abdominal bruit was heard. The chest X-ray showed cardiomegaly and dilatation of the pulmonary artery. Abdominal three-dimensional computed tomography scanning clearly revealed an arteriovenous ...
Ozdogu Hakan - - 2005
Kawasaki disease (KD) is usually a self-limiting condition, but cardiac complications are not uncommon and can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. This article describes the case of an 18-year-old man with rapidly progressive and ultimately fatal KD. Polyserositis syndrome and cardiac tamponade developed during a convalescent phase of the ...
Suzuki Manzo - - 2005
Carbon dioxide insufflation during laparoscopic surgery may interfere with the accuracy of the cardiac output value measured by the NICO2 system. The authors simultaneously measured cardiac output by the thermodilution method and by the carbon dioxide rebreathing technique during laparoscopic adrenalectomy in a patient with a nonfunctional adrenal tumor. There ...
Yamashita Koichi - - 2005
PURPOSE: To investigate the reliability of cardiac output assessed by arterial pressure waveform (PulseCO) in comparison with bolus thermodilution measurements in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB). METHODS: 23 patients who underwent OPCAB were enrolled in this study. After premedication with oral diazepam 10 mg, anesthesia was induced ...
Traen Marijke - - 2005
AIM: We present three cases of neonatal cardiac tamponade due to umbilical venous catheterization, a rare, but potentially fatal complication. METHODS: Timely diagnosis was made by echocardiography, and an urgent pericardiocentesis revealed TPN fluid. Perforation of the cardial wall was proven by contrast X-ray showing contrast diffusing into the pericardial ...
Gulcan Oner - - 2005
A 44-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency service with dyspnea, chest pain, and vomiting. Cardiac tamponade due to right ventricular penetration of a Kirschner wire was detected as a late complication of wire placement in the sternoclavicular joint. Clinicians should be aware of wire migration with cardiac penetration as ...
Kamath Sridhar - - 2005
Pericardial involvement in dermatomyositis is rare and usually asymptomatic. In many instances, a diagnosis of pericardial involvement is not found until autopsy. Renal failure associated with connective tissue disorders can result in or potentially exaggerate pericardial inflammation. We report an unusual case of high-density pericardial effusion in a patient with ...
Enríquez Susana González - - 2005
Delayed pericardial tamponade (PT) after penetrating heart trauma is now a rare condition as a result of advances in medical and surgical management. We report the case of a 32-year-old man with delayed PT after a stab wound from a knife. The initial evaluation was consistent with a traumatic apical ...
Miyauchi Tadamasa - - 2005
Pericardial abscess is rare in healthy individuals, especially the amebic type. We report a case of pericardial abscess and cardiac tamponade due to intrapericardial rupture of an amebic liver abscess. A 31-year old Japanese male complained of fever to a local hospital. A liver mass was discovered in his left ...
Meltser Henry - - 2005
Cardiac tamponade is a common cardiac emergency requiring prompt diagnosis and intervention. A thorough understanding of the spectrum of clinical and hemodynamic changes in patients with pericardial effusion is vital for interventional cardiologists. This review discusses pathophysiology of cardiac tamponade with emphasis on hemodynamic aberrations. Specific clinical situations that lead ...
Sander Michael - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Monitoring of the cardiac output by continuous arterial pulse contour (COPiCCOpulse) analysis is a clinically validated procedure proved to be an alternative to the pulmonary artery catheter thermodilution cardiac output (COPACtherm) in cardiac surgical patients. There is ongoing debate, however, of whether the COPiCCOpulse is accurate after profound hemodynamic ...
Froeschl Michael - - 2005
A 26-year-old man presented with high output heart failure and severe systolic left ventricular dysfunction. The underlying cause was determined to be thyrotoxicosis. With aggressive treatment of the hyperthyroid state, near-normalization of the patient's left ventricular systolic function was achieved. Unfortunately, he succumbed to pancreatitis, followed by multiple ICU complications. ...
Engoren Milo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Cardiac output can be determined by using a variety of methods. OBJECTIVES: To determine the precision and bias between 3 methods for determining cardiac output: bioimpedance, thermodilution, and the Fick method. METHODS: Cardiac output was determined by using bioimpedance via neck and thorax patches and thermodilution via pulmonary artery ...
Mizuguchi Yoshiaki - - 2005
We report a rare case of cardiac tamponade after esophageal resection for esophageal cancer. A 69-year-old man underwent subtotal esophagectomy and reconstruction of the gastric tube with cervical anastomosis via the poststernal route and three-field lymphadectomy via a median sternotomy. On postoperative day 4, the patient developed dyspnea, chest oppression, ...
Weich H S v H - - 2005
The aim of this study was to describe the clinical, echocardiographic and laboratory characteristics of large pericardial effusions and cardiac tamponade secondary to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). An ongoing prospective study was conducted at Tygerberg Academic Hospital, South Africa between 1996 and 2002. All patients older than 13 years presenting ...
Wood John C JC Division of Cardiology, Mailstop 34, Childrens Hospital of Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA. - - 2005
Iron cardiomyopathy remains the leading cause of death in patients with thalassemia major. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is ideally suited for monitoring thalassemia patients because it can detect cardiac and liver iron burdens as well as accurately measure left ventricular dimensions and function. However, patients with thalassemia have unique physiology ...
Price Susanna - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Echocardiography is widely considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of tamponade. While a relatively common complication of cardiac surgery in adults, determining whether haemodynamics are compromised by a pericardial collection early post-operatively can be difficult. The aim of the current study was to determine the nature and magnitude ...
Murray Brian M - - 2004
Creation of either a natural arteriovenous graft or a fistula as a vascular access to support long-term hemodialysis can lead to "high-output" cardiac failure. The authors describe a patient who underwent surgical banding of an upper arm arteriovenous fistula. Access flow and cardiac output were measured not only pre- and ...
Valiatti Jorge Luís dos Santos - - 2004
CONTEXT: Thermodilution, which is considered to be a standard technique for measuring the cardiac output in critically ill patients, is not free from relevant risks. There is a need to find alternative, noninvasive, automatic, simple and accurate methods for monitoring cardiac output at the bedside. OBJECTIVE: To compare cardiac output ...
Sharma Naveen - - 2004
Clinical examination and transthoracic echocardiography play a vital role in the management of patients with pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade physiology. We report patients in advanced phase 3 cardiac tamponade with variant clinical and hemodynamic presentations. These atypical cardiac tamponade cases include: A patient with severe aortic valve regurgitation who ...
Albert Nancy M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: An accurate and reliable noninvasive method for determining cardiac output/cardiac index would be valuable for patients with acutely decompensated advanced systolic heart failure. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a correlation exists for cardiac output and index determined by using bioimpedance and thermodilution in patients with acutely decompensated complex heart failure ...
Nilsson L B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Bolus thermodilution cardiac output measurements have been a mainstay in clinical monitoring of critically ill patients for more than 30 years. Usually the results of an arbitrarily chosen number (1-6) of thermal indicator injections are averaged to increase the reliability of the measurement. The number of injections needed to ...
Yeh Y-H - - 2004
Although cardiac tamponade is an important and emergent complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), purulent pericarditis is rare despite the high frequency of pericardial effusion in SLE. We describe the first SLE case of Haemophilus influenzae type-f pericarditis with cardiac tamponade with SLE as the initial presentation. The pathophysiology and ...
Dark Paul M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity of the esophageal Doppler monitor (EDM) and echo-esophageal Doppler (Echo-ED) in measuring cardiac output in the critically ill. DESIGN: Systematic search of relevant international literature and data synthesis. SEARCH STRATEGY: Literature search (1989-2003) using Ovid interface to Medline, Embase and Cochrane databases aimed at finding ...
Ginsberg Jill P - - 2004
PURPOSE: As the number of pediatric cancer survivors increases, so does the number of survivors previously exposed to anthracyclines as part of their cancer therapy. Because screening is costly, some have suggested that health-related quality of life (HRQL) measures might be useful in focusing screening tests on those patients with ...
Mather Laurence E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Previous evidence from laboratory animal studies indicates that R-thiopental has a greater margin of safety than either the more potent S-thiopental or the clinically used rac-thiopental. Although thiopental can cause cardiovascular depression from direct myocardial effects as well as indirect central nervous system and peripheral effects, no studies have ...
Rendón Felipe - - 2004
Acute cardiac tamponade is very common after penetrating injuries to the chest. However, delayed cardiac tamponade is a rare phenomenon that may appear several days after injury. This paper presents three cases of delayed cardiac tamponade diagnosed weeks after ice pick wounds to the back. These experiences and a review ...
Maarek Jean-Michel I - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cardiac output is an essential parameter for the hemodynamic assessment of patients with cardiovascular disease. The authors tested in an animal model the feasibility of measuring cardiac output by transcutaneous fluorescence monitoring of an intravenous bolus injection of indocyanine green. METHODS: Fluorescence dilution cardiac output was measured in 10 ...
Pattanaik Debendra - - 2004
Cardiac tamponade is an extremely rare manifestation of systemic sclerosis and has been reported to be a risk factor for the subsequent development of renal failure. We report the case of a 37-year-old man with recently diagnosed scleroderma who presented with chest pain and shortness of breath. He was found ...
Pearse Rupert M - - 2004
The LiDCO plus system is a minimally/non-invasive technique of continuous cardiac output measurement. In common with all cardiac output monitors this technology has both strengths and weaknesses. This review discusses the technological basis of the device and its clinical application.
MacRae Jennifer M - - 2004
High-output cardiac failure can be a rare complication of high-output arteriovenous fistula. The authors present a case in which a hemodialysis patient with a high-flow arteriovenous fistula has cardiac failure that improves with fistula closure. The hemodynamic effects of a fistula are reviewed, and the hemodialysis literature regarding high-output cardiac ...
Hofer C K - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Assessment of cardiac output (CO) by the indocyanine green (ICG) dye dilution technique (IDD) with transcutaneous signal detection may be a less invasive alternative to the pulmonary artery catheter (PAC). The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy and reliability of the DDG2001 analyzer (Nihon Kohden Corp, ...
Moshkovitz Yaron - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe recent developments in bioimpedance technique and its application in cardiovascular diseases. Cardiac output determination has been used selectively during recent years because of the need for invasive right heart catheterization. Hence, experience with its application in patients with cardiovascular diseases and especially heart failure is ...
Akamatsu Shigeru - - 2004
Automated cardiac output measurement (ACOM), which integrates digital color Doppler velocities in space and in time, has been validated using transthoracic echocardiography but has not been tested using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Therefore, we determined the feasibility of the ACOM method by TEE in 36 patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery. Regions of ...
Labriola C - - 2004
Following cardiac surgery, low-output syndrome is relatively common. Since this condition can lead to serious consequences, this postsurgical, low-output state should be reversed whenever possible. Patients with low-output syndrome need drug and fluid management aimed at enhancing cardiac contractility and at facilitating optimal myocardial loading. The objective of this pilot ...
Leather H A - - 2004
We evaluated a new, ultra-fast response continuous cardiac output monitor in 34 adult patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Cardiac output was measured with the TruCCOMS continuous cardiac output monitor (Aortech International plc, Lanarkshire, UK), using triplicate cold bolus thermodilution as the criterion standard, at fixed time points ...
Cotter Gad - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Cardiac output (CO) is measured but sparingly due to limitations in its measurement technique (ie, right-heart catheterization). Yet, in recent years it has been suggested that CO may be of value in the diagnosis, risk stratification, and treatment titration of cardiac patients, especially those with congestive heart failure ...
Bein Berthold - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Continuous measurement of cardiac output (CCO) is of great importance in the critically ill. However, pulmonary artery thermodilution has been questioned for possible complications associated with right heart catheterization. Furthermore, measurements are delayed in the continuous mode during rapid hemodynamic changes. A new pulmonary artery catheter CCO device (Aortech, ...
Buffington Charles W - - 2004
Whether measurement of cardiac output using the thermal dilution technique (TDCO) is valid in the presence of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is controversial. We assessed the accuracy and precision of the technique in pigs by comparison with data from an electromagnetic flowmeter on the aorta (EMCO). TR was created with sutures ...
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