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Tongsong Theera - - 2010
The objective of the study was to compare fetal venous Doppler flow reflecting cardiac function in fetuses with hydrops fetalis between a group of congenital heart defect (low cardiac output) and a fetal anemia group (high cardiac output). This was a prospective cross-sectional analysis. It was conducted at the Maharaj ...
Ståhlberg Marcus - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate an algorithm that estimates changes in cardiac output (CO) from right ventricular (RV) pressure waveforms derived from an implantable hemodynamic monitor (IHM) in heart failure patients. DESIGN: Twelve heart failure patients (NYHA II-III, EF 32%) with an implantable hemodynamic monitor (Chronicle) ...
Versaci Francesco - - 2010
We report a case of a 78-year-old woman admitted to hospital due to cardiac tamponade 3 months after surgical mitral valve repair. The patient developed an early left ventricular dysfunction after removal of the pericardial effusion, with complete recovery within 10 days. Transient ventricular dysfunction after pericardiocentesis is a very ...
Moore John P R - - 2010
Cardiac tamponade is defined as a life-threatening, slow or rapid compression of the heart due to the pericardial accumulation of fluid, pus, thrombus or gas as a result of effusion, trauma, or myocardial rupture. We describe the case of a lady who developed classic signs of cardiac tamponade immediately after ...
Girdauskas Evaldas - - 2010
We report a rare case of late cardiac perforation after percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale with the Cardia Star device (Cardia, Gent, Belgium), which presented as acute pericardial tamponade and was initially misdiagnosed as acute type A aortic dissection. The clinical course was dramatic in our patient and might ...
Young Brian P - - 2010
This article reviews use of partial carbon dioxide rebreathing devices to determine cardiac output and their application for hemodynamic monitoring in the ICU and operating room. The primary focus is on the NICO monitoring device. Compared with conventional cardiac output methods, these techniques are noninvasive, easily automated, and provide real-time ...
Gujjar Arunodaya R - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Thoracic electrical bioimpedance (TEB) for measuring cardiac output (CO) is being explored increasingly as an alternative to pulmonary artery catheter. The major advantage of this technology is that it is non-invasive and easy to perform. Several studies have compared it to thermodilution cardiac output using PA catheter, with variable ...
Dennis A - - 2010
An understanding of cardiovascular changes in parturients is crucial for their anaesthetic management, but few studies have examined the effect of posture on cardiac output in the peripartum period. Cardiac output was measured in four different positions by transthoracic echocardiography (Doppler) in 30 term women undergoing elective caesarean delivery. These ...
Pomerantzeff Pablo M A - - 2010
A 21-year-old woman presented with congestive heart failure caused by congenital mitral and tricuspid insufficiency, associated with great left atrium enlargement. Transthoracic echocardiogram revealed heart dextroversion associated with mitral and tricuspid severe insufficiency and left atrium enlargement (14 cm), confirmed by magnetic resonance study. The left atrium was reduced by ...
Reuter Daniel A - - 2010
The ability to monitor cardiac output is one of the important cornerstones of hemodynamic assessment for managing critically ill patients at increased risk for developing cardiac complications, and in particular in patients with preexisting cardiovascular comorbidities. For >30 years, single-bolus thermodilution measurement through a pulmonary artery catheter for assessment of ...
de Boode Willem-Pieter - - 2010
There is an increased interest in methods of objective cardiac output measurement in critically ill patients. Several techniques are available for measurement of cardiac output in children, although this remains very complex in newborns. Cardiac output monitoring could provide essential information to guide hemodynamic management. An overview is given of ...
Kim Dae Myung - - 2010
Primary cardiac angiosarcoma is a very rare disease with a poor prognosis. We report a case of a patient with a primary cardiac angiosarcoma who presented with cardiac tamponade; the angiosarcoma was successfully resected surgically.
Warwick Richard - - 2010
A mathematical model was developed to predict the cardiac output post left ventricle volume reduction surgery (LVVRS) to establish who should not undergo surgery. Two scenarios were evaluated: dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), and left ventricular wall aneurysm (LVA). In DCM, a left ventricular diastolic volume (LVDV) of 380 ml, ejection fraction ...
Carretero M José - - 2010
AIM: The cardiac output and coronary perfusion pressure generated from chest compressions during resuscitation manoeuvres can predict effectiveness and successful outcome. Until now, there is no good method for haemodynamic monitoring during resuscitation. Noninvasive partial carbon dioxide rebreathing system (NICO, Novametrix Medical Systems, Inc., Wallingford, CT, USA) is a relatively ...
Williamson James Matthew Lloyd - - 2010
Acute gastric volvulus is an uncommon condition which is rarely associated with cardiac impairment. We report a patient with an acute giant gastric volvulus causing cardiac tamponade. Prompt decompression was unsuccessful and the patient died prior to definitive treatment.
Machado Maurício N - - 2010
This paper describes a case of a 44-year-old male patient previously healthy admitted with an unusual spontaneous acute bacterial pericarditis associated with coronary sinus mass. Two-dimensional echocardiography showed large loculated pericardial effusion with signs of diastolic restriction and an image suggesting vegetation in topography of the right atrium coronary sinus. ...
Gewillig Marc - - 2010
In a Fontan circuit the mechanisms involved in control of cardiac output at rest and during exercise differ significantly from normal. The classical model presumes an unlimited preload which is not available in the Fontan circuit. This review critically analyses the role of contractility, heart rate, and afterload and highlights ...
Kinsel-Ziter M L - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess cardiovascular findings in twin-reversed arterial perfusion (TRAP) sequence pre- and post-therapy and compare these findings to traditional obstetric markers, defined as acardius to pump twin weight ratio and presence of polyhydramnios. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 27 cases of TRAP sequence diagnosed between 2004 and ...
Nwaejike Nnamdi - - 2009
Chylopericardium is a rare disorder that can be secondary to thoracic duct injury. Consequences include nutritional, metabolic, and immunologic abnormalities, as well as cardiac complications, such as pericarditis and cardiac tamponade. We present a case of chylopericardium presenting as cardiac tamponade after a median sternotomy for mechanical aortic valve replacement.
Branch Charles Farrell - - 2012
Background: Acute cardiac tamponade can rapidly become a surgical emergency requiring prompt diagnosis and intervention. Common etiologies of acute cardiac tamponade include blunt or penetrating trauma, surgical complications, sequelae from myocardial infarction and effusion. Objectives: This case report illustrates an instance where penetrating trauma mimics non-penetrating blunt force trauma. Case ...
Wong G K - - 2010
A child with cerebral palsy and carnitine deficiency developed ventricular arrhythmias with loss of cardiac output during elective surgery under general anaesthesia with concomitant epidural analgesia. Sinus rhythm was restored on administration of adrenaline, but hypotension persisted despite resuscitation. Bolus administration of 0.8 ml*kg(-1) (20 ml) lipid emulsion resulted in ...
Calbet José A L - - 2009
Maximal cardiac output is reduced in severe acute hypoxia but also in chronic hypoxia by mechanisms that remain poorly understood. In theory, the reduction of maximal cardiac output could result from: (1) a regulatory response from the central nervous system, (2) reduction of maximal pumping capacity of the heart due ...
Barth?l?my Romain - - 2009
Mechanical ventilation of a critical cardiac tamponade is a high-risk situation that can lead to asystolic cardiac arrest. We report a prehospital mechanical ventilation of a penetrating cardiac injury complicated with tamponade. Onset diagnosis of the circulatory arrest allowed by prehospital continuous ultrasonography led to earlier initiation of the resuscitation ...
Lin Jainn-Jim - - 2009
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is the most common hereditary neuromuscular disease in children. It is an X-linked hereditary dystrophinopathy due to the absence of dystrophin. Its onset is often in early childhood and presents with proximal distribution of weakness and a progressive course. Cardiac involvement in DMD is common, and ...
Khalid Sakib K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is characterized by arteriovenous malformations or telangiectasias in multiple organs. Nose bleeding is the most common manifestation of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and can be debilitating. Cardiac involvement in the form of high-output cardiac failure is a poorly studied complication of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. The objective of ...
Holmes David R DR Jr Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA. - - 2009
The number, specific type, and complexity of percutaneous intracardiac procedures continue to evolve. Many of these procedures require left atrial access using transseptal techniques. These approaches carry with them the potential for pericardial effusion (PE) and cardiac tamponade, particularly in the setting when intraprocedural anticoagulation is being administered. PEs and ...
Østergaard Morten - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the agreement between pulmonary artery thermodilution (PA-TD) and a new pulse contour method (PCM), FloTrac/Vigileo version 1.0, and to asses the ability of FloTrac to track sudden changes in cardiac output. METHODS: Cardiac output was determined twice after induction ...
Sakai Shuji - - 2010
To examine the manner in which cardiac function affects the magnitude and timing of aortic contrast enhancement during coronary CT angiography (CTA). Twenty-nine patients (21 men, 8 women; mean age, 64.4+/-13.4 years; mean weight, 59.4+/-10.3 kg) underwent measurement of cardiac output within 2 weeks of coronary CTA. The cardiac output ...
Hanson Linda M - - 2009
The armoured catfish, Pterygoplichthys pardalis, is known to be extremely tolerant of environmental hypercarbia (elevated water CO(2) tensions), which occurs in their natural environment. In addition, previous studies have demonstrated that during exposure to hypercarbia, P. pardalis does not exhibit extracellular pH compensation and thus the heart and other organs ...
Levis Joel T - - 2009
This case report describes a 54-year-old male on warfarin for atrial fibrillation who presented to the emergency department (ED) following a syncopal episode with persistent hypotension. The patient's International Normalized Ratio (INR) returned elevated at 6.0, and a rapid bedside cardiac ultrasound revealed a large pericardial effusion consistent with cardiac ...
Szwast Anita - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In the fetus with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), the single right ventricle (RV) pumps the entire cardiac output in utero. By investigating RV performance in utero, we sought to determine the inherent capabilities of a single RV before the increased metabolic demands of postnatal life and surgical palliation. ...
Kotake Yoshifumi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the accuracy of the NICO monitor equipped with the newer software. Additionally, the effects of the increased dead space produced by the NICO monitor on ventilatory settings were investigated. METHODS: Forty-two patients undergoing elective aortic reconstruction participated in this prospective, observational study at a university hospital. ...
Raman Subha V - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop and test a novel, noninvasive means of estimating cardiac output in patients with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices. METHODS: Based on the indicator dilution principle, we estimated cardiac output from signal intensity versus time recordings during first-pass imaging with contrast-enhanced computed ...
Lorsomradee Sratwadee
<b>Background:</b> Previous studies indicated that acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) was associated with a depression of myocardial function in coronary surgery patients with baseline heart rate faster than 90 bpm. It was suggested that this phenomenon could be explained by the occurrence of myocardial ischemia. In the present study, we hypothesized ...
Malbrain Manu L N G - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) is an important parameter and prognostic indicator of the patient's underlying physiologic status. Correct IAP measurement, therefore, is crucial. Most of the direct and indirect techniques are not free from risks and require some time and skills. This study looks at the possibility of using the ...
Ling Lee Fong - - 2009
Primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) is rare and occurs more commonly in immunocompromised patients. It can present in various ways, and diagnosis is particularly challenging, especially for the unsuspecting physician. We report a case of PCL in an immunocompetent 55-year-old man who initially presented with pyrexia of unknown origin, chest pain, ...
Friesecke Sigrun - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Hemodynamic monitoring with the pulmonary artery catheter is frequently used in the management of severe heart failure. For measurement of cardiac output (CO), transpulmonary thermodilution (TPTD) has recently been adopted into clinical practice as an alternative to pulmonary artery thermodilution. However, no data have been published on the comparability ...
Parmar C D - - 2009
In patients on hemodialysis, cardiovascular disease can be precipitated or worsened by the presence of a high flow arteriovenous fistula. Fistula closure and banding are the traditional treatment methods of dialysis associated high output cardiac failure. We present a case of fistula-related high output cardiac failure treated by revision using ...
Ritter Simon - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: There is limited clinical experience with the single-indicator transpulmonary thermodilution (pulse contour cardiac output, or PiCCO) technique in critically ill medical patients, particularly in those with acute heart failure (AHF). Therefore, we compared the cardiac function of patients with AHF or sepsis using the pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) and ...
Lorsomradee Sratwadee - - 2009
Previous studies indicated that acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) was associated with a depression of myocardial function in coronary surgery patients with baseline heart rate faster than 90 bpm. It was suggested that this phenomenon could be explained by the occurrence of myocardial ischemia. In the present study, we hypothesized that ...
Nguyen Thang - - 2009
Cardiac tamponade is the phenomenon of hemodynamic compromise caused by a pericardial effusion. Following a myocardial infarction, the most common causes of pericardial fluid include early pericarditis, Dressler's syndrome, and hemopericardium secondary to a free wall rupture. On transthoracic echocardiography, pericardial fluid appears as an echo-free space in between the ...
Beaulieu Kim E - - 2009
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the use of a transpulmonary thermodilution (Trans) technique for the measurement of cardiac output, and to determine the agreement between Trans and conventional thermodilution (TD) in anesthetized cats. Using each technique, cardiac output was measured in 5 mature cats (weights 2.4 to ...
Ramachandran Deepa - - 2009
Cardiac tamponade is a condition whereby fluid accumulation in the pericardial sac surrounding the heart causes elevation and equilibration of pericardial and cardiac chamber pressures, reduced cardiac output, changes in hemodynamics, partial chamber collapse, pulsus paradoxus, and arterio-venous acid-base disparity. Our large-scale model of the human cardiovascular-respiratory system (H-CRS) is ...
El-Eshmawi Ahmed - - 2009
Cardiac tamponade is a life-threatening condition that demands prompt diagnosis and emergency intervention to prevent the sequelae of persistent low cardiac output, cardiopulmonary failure, and death. Cardiac tamponade due to pericardial collection of cerebrospinal fluid is a rare but recognized sequela associated with ventriculoatrial shunts used in the management of ...
Mohammed Javed - - 2009
The spectrum of extra-renal involvement secondary to diarrhoeal (D+) haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) includes neurological, gastrointestinal, hepatic, pancreatic and cardiac complications. Among the cardiac complications, myocardial injury has been more commonly reported with HUS. Literature is scarce on HUS-associated pericardial involvement. We report a HUS-induced significant pericardial effusion that resulted ...
Meyer Philippe - - 2008
On September 10, 1898, Empress Elizabeth of Austria, known as Sissi, was stabbed with a stiletto knife in her chest by an Italian anarchist in Geneva, Switzerland, and died 1 hour later. The autopsy revealed a large clot in the pericardial sac due to a perforation of the left ventricular ...
Av┼čar Alaettin - - 2008
A 71-year-old woman was admitted with a diagnosis of cardiac tamponade. Emergency transthoracic echocardiography showed a large amount of pericardial effusion compressing the whole heart. Pericardiocentesis was performed immediately and nearly 1 liter of hemorrhagic fluid was aspirated. Pathological result of the pericardiocentesis material was benign, acid-resistant bacteria were not ...
Molloy Gerard J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that Type-D personality is associated with elevated cortisol levels in patients 4 months after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Salivary cortisol profiles were measured at home in 70 coronary heart disease patients (Mean age = 60.90 years, SD = 10.7, 17% female) 4 months ...
Verheyden Bart - - 2008
BACKGROUND: How much of the hypotension occurring during postural syncope is cardiac output-mediated and how much can be ascribed to a fall in systemic vascular resistance are unknown. The contribution of both determinants may be influenced by the use of vasoactive drugs. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to ...
Sengupta Partho P - - 2008
Constrictive pericarditis (CP) is characterized by scarring and loss of elasticity of the pericardium, resulting in external impedance of cardiac filling. In the developed world, CP is most frequently encountered as a consequence of previous cardiac surgery, thoracic irradiation, viral or idiopathic causes. Tuberculosis still remains a common cause of ...
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