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Zieleń P - - 2010
We report a case of a 53-year-old hypertensive male with takotsubo cardiomyopathy in the setting of pheochromocytoma. Pheochromocytoma presenting as takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a recognized but uncommon occurrence with recently increasing number of published cases. We present typical apical ballooning syndrome, with transient left ventricular apical ballooning in contrast to ...
Trio Olimpia - - 2010
The frequent occurrence of a reversible left ventricular dysfunction complicating subarachnoid haemorrhage raises a number of issues about the clinical and pathophysiological similarities with the transient left ventricular apical ballooning syndrome (TLVABS) or tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC). Given the latest clinical and pathophysiological evidence about neurogenic cardiomyopathies, the diagnosis of TTC ...
Chockalingam Anand - - 2010
Widespread use of echocardiography has contributed to more frequent recognition of takotsubo stress cardiomyopathy. Initial presentation is similar to acute coronary syndrome and the acute course can be complicated by heart failure, arrhythmias, dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, hypotension and death. We briefly review the clinical presentation and propose ...
Nykamp Diane - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of takotsubo cardiomyopathy, also known as apical ballooning syndrome or stress cardiomyopathy. CASE SUMMARY: A 68-year-old female with a history of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and anxiety presented with symptoms that mimicked acute coronary syndrome (ACS); the chief symptom was chest tightness. An electrocardiogram showed normal sinus ...
Caliskan Kadir - - 2010
A 28-year-old man presented with progressive fatigue. Physical examination and ECG revealed severe sinus bradycardia. Echocardiography showed features of noncompaction cardiomyopathy and moderate aortic valve regurgitation. We hypothesized that the chronic volume overload exaggerated by prolonged diastole due to the bradycardia resulted in heart failure and noncompaction cardiomyopathy look-alike features. ...
Bachner Noa - - 2010
Treatment of cardiomyopathy, when detected early, may slow myocardial deterioration and even reverse its course. However, no efficient, noninvasive measure of cardiac function is yet able to detect the early signs of cardiomyopathy. The aim of this study was to determine whether ultrasound speckle tracking analysis is a more sensitive ...
Karatayli-Ozgursoy Selmin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, also known as left ventricular apical ballooning syndrome, ampulla cardiomyopathy, or transient left ventricular dysfunction is characterized by chest pain, electrocardiographic changes, transient left ventricular apical aneurysm, and normal coronary arteries. Takotsubo is a round-bottomed, narrow-necked Japanese octopus trap and lends its name to takotsubo cardiomyopathy because ...
Choi Soo-Han - - 2010
Intracardiac thrombosis in patients with a dilated cardiomyopathy can be life threatening. This study investigated the incidence, risk factors, and outcome of intracardiac thrombosis in children with dilated cardiomyopathy. A retrospective review of the clinical records was performed in 83 children with dilated cardiomyopathy diagnosed from January 1995 to December ...
Griffith Suzanne C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The severe abdominal pain associated with acute adnexal torsion causes physical stress, which may precipitate a clinical syndrome of acute cardiomyopathy mimicking myocardial infarction. CASE: A postmenopausal woman presented to the emergency department with acute abdominal pain. Clinical and ultrasonographic evaluation suggested acute adnexal torsion. Surgical intervention revealed acute ...
Timmer Stefan A J - - 2010
PURPOSE: Next to hypertrophy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by alterations in myocardial energetics. A small number of studies have shown that myocardial external efficiency (MEE), defined by external work (EW) in relation to myocardial oxidative metabolism (MVO(2)), is reduced. The present study was conducted to identify determinants of MEE ...
Rajan Sudarsan S Department of Molecular Genetics, Biochemistry, and Microbiology, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0524, - - 2010
Tropomyosin (TM), an essential actin-binding protein, is central to the control of calcium-regulated striated muscle contraction. Although TPM1alpha (also called alpha-TM) is the predominant TM isoform in human hearts, the precise TM isoform composition remains unclear. In this study, we quantified for the first time the levels of striated muscle ...
Fazio Giovanni - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy was described for the first time in Japan in the 1990s. It is very similar to the ischemic cardiopathy both for clinical and instrumental characteristics. His peculiarity is an alteration of the ventricular contraction mechanism with hypo-akinesis of the apex and lateral segments of the left ventricle, ...
Bielecka-Dabrowa Agata - - 2010
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is defined as acute chest pain during stressful incidents which is associated with ST-segment abnormalities and/or increased serum troponin levels. There is also regressive systolic dysfunction which is usually localized in the apical and medial left ventricles but there are no significant coronary artery lesions. The ventricular asynergy ...
Okayama Satoshi - - 2010
Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is an uncommon variant of HCM characterized by hypertrophy located in the left ventricular apex that occurs at a rate of about 30% in the Japanese population. Although the prognosis of most patients with apical HCM is relatively benign, it can be poor if apical left ...
Ono Hitomi - - 2010
It is known that patients with myocarditis of unknown etiology and with dilated cardiomyopathy show a high incidence of serum autoantibodies (M7) directed against mitochondrial flavoproteins. The tissue concentration of mitochondrial flavoproteins in the myocardium obtained from patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) was examined to further investigate the immunopathological mechanism ...
Migliore Federico - - 2010
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a genetic heart muscle disease characterized by the peculiar right ventricular (RV) involvement. Distinctive pathologic features are myocardial atrophy and fibro-fatty replacement of the RV free wall, and clinical presentation is usually related to ventricular tachycardias with a left bundle branch block pattern or ...
Meyer Gerd Peter - - 2010
Peripartum cardiomyopathy is a rare form of cardiomyopathy, with heterogeneous presentation occurring in women between one-month antepartum and six months postpartum. It carries a poor prognosis and a high risk of mortality. We report the development of peripartum cardiomyopathy in two sisters, 27- and 35-year-old African women, one of whom ...
Saatçi Yaşar Ayşe - - 2010
We aimed to evaluate coronary blood flow by means of the TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) frame count in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy who had angiographically proven normal coronary arteries and compare the results with those of healthy subjects. This retrospective study included 62 patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy ...
Riera Maria - - 2010
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy or "apical ballooning syndrome" is characterized by an acute onset of transient akinesia of the apical portion of the left ventricle accompanied by electrocardiographic changes and minimal myocardial enzymatic release mimicking acute myocardial infarction without significant stenosis on the coronary angiogram. Emotional or physical stress might trigger this ...
Tsarouhas Kostantinos - - 2010
We present a patient without primary heart disease in whom subclinical hyperthyroidism was accompanied by manifestations of dilated cardiomyopathy, as evaluated by echocardiography, coronary angiography, and radionuclide ventriculography. His condition was reversed 6 months after conventional treatment (furosemide, carvedilol, angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor and thiamazole administration). This patient represents an exceptional case, ...
Aqel Raed - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although alcohol septal ablation (ASA) is increasingly used in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) patients who are refractory to medical therapy, the amount of alcohol that is required has not been well studied. This study sought to determine the amount of alcohol that is necessary to achieve clinical benefits of ASA. ...
Paterick Timothy E - - 2010
Noncompaction is a rare and primary genetic cardiomyopathy affecting the left ventricle. The diagnosis is usually established by echocardiography, or, less frequently, by left ventriculography. Cardiac magnetic resonance and electrocardiography-gated multi-detector computed tomography are evolving noninvasive modalities to image cardiac structures, and have the utility to detect noncompacted myocardium. Estimates ...
Oellers Patrick - - 2010
Transaortic myectomy is the standard treatment for symptomatic patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy that proves to be refractive to medical therapy. We encountered a case that required a modified surgical approach to relieve a left ventricular outflow tract obstruction that could not be adequately resected through the aortic annulus because ...
Mongiovì Maurizio - - 2010
Cardiomyopathies (CM) are a very rare disease in fetuses with a very poor outcome. Only isolated case reports and small case series were reported. According with published studies we will describe the fetal CM starting from their echocardiographic presentation: dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with dilatation of either or both ventricles and ...
Keskin Abdulgazi - - 2010
Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (stress-induced cardiomyopathy or transient left ventricular ballooning) is characterized by clinical suspicion of an acute myocardial infarction with transient apical or midventricular dyskinesia of the left ventricle without significant coronary stenosis on angiography. The etiology of this disease remains obscure. One of the possible causes is myocardial ischemia ...
Altamirano Eugenia - - 2010
Arrhythmogenic ventricular cardiomyopathy (AVC) presents with fat replacement of the myocardium, most commonly of the right ventricle, and ventricular arrhythmias. We report an 11-year-old boy with Noonan syndrome, ventricular arrhythmias, and an ultrasound depicting hypertrophy of the ventricular septum with subaortic stenosis. A surgical resection of the left side of ...
Al-Hamdi Amar - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVC/D) is a disorder that involves replacement of the right ventricular myocardium with fibro-fatty tissue. Ventricular tachycardia is a main presenting feature. There are no known reports of this disease from the Arab countries in the Middle East. This is the first report of 34 ...
Palecek Tomas - - 2010
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) is a condition most prevalent in postmenopausal women, characterized by transient left ventricular dysfunction following acute emotional or physical stress. Direct catecholamine-mediated myocyte injury and microvascular dysfunction leading to myocardial stunning are believed to play a major role in its pathogenesis. The treatment of TC remains empirical. ...
Akashi Yoshihiro J - - 2010
Recently, an increasing number of cases of stress cardiomyopathy, mainly occurring in elderly women, have been documented in many parts of the world. In Japan, this disease is known as takotsubo cardiomyopathy (named after the fishing pot used for trapping octopus). Symptoms of this condition are akin to those of ...
Chiu Brian - - 2010
The heart is the first organ to form and to function during vertebrate embryogenesis and its correct functionality is a "conditio sine qua non" for life. If the heart's pumping power is compromised, chambers dilate and pulmonary and systemic circulations are altered. Dilated cardiomyopathy can appear along a wide spectrum ...
Vitarelli Antonio - - 2010
Cardiovascular involvement is the leading cause of morbidity and death in Churg-Strauss syndrome. Herein, we describe the case of a 47-year-old man with Churg-Strauss syndrome, in whom the use of novel echocardiographic techniques revealed segmental cardiomyopathy. Tissue Doppler and speckle-tracking imaging showed that both longitudinal and radial strain were impaired ...
Mariscalco Giovanni - - 2010
Tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy is a form of reversible left ventricular dysfunction, with a clinical and electrocardiographic picture of acute myocardial infarction in the absence of significant coronary disease. The precise clinical features and etiologic basis of this syndrome remain unclear, although an association with emotional or stressful triggers has been recognized. ...
Sarma Radha J - - 2010
According to the World Health Organization classification of cardiomyopathies, left ventricular noncompaction is still an unclassified cardiomyopathy. In 2006, the American Heart Association classified this entity as a primary cardiomyopathy of genetic origin. In 2008, the European Society of Cardiology updated the classification scheme similar to the World Health Organization ...
Franco C - - 2010
Cardiac abnormalities can be seen with subarachnoid hemorrhage. To date, there have been isolated case reports of transient left ventricular apical ballooning cardiomyopathy, also known as Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in patients suffering from subarachnoid hemorrhage. An adult female was brought to the emergency department with somnolence. A 3 x 3 mm ...
Herda Lars R - - 2009
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized by ventricular enlargement and progressive systolic and diastolic dysfunction. Disturbances of the cellular and humoral immune system are frequently observed in DCM. Circulating antibodies of the IgG class against diverse myocardial antigens have been identified and are thought to play a causative role in the ...
Moriyama Tomoyuki - - 2010
In the pathogenesis of doxorubicin (DXR)-induced cardiomyopathy, oxidative stress appears to play an important role. It has been reported that pentosidine and N(epsilon)-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML), advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), are formed by the combined processes of glycation and oxidation and play a significant role in the process of complications of diabetic ...
Del Ry Silvia - - 2010
In patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) abnormal myocardial blood flow (MBF) has been associated with coronary microvascular dysfunction. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that osteopontin (OPN) plasma levels could be associated with the activation of the renin-aldosterone system (RAS) in these patients and be involved ...
Aquaro Giovanni Donato - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to evaluate, in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC), the association between late gadolinium enhancement and clinical end points, such as nonsustained ventricular tachycardia, arrhythmic risk factors, New York Heart Association class, symptoms, and left ventricular functional parameters. A total of 20 normal subjects ...
Dresios Christos - - 2010
We present a rare case of multiple coronary artery-left ventricular (LV) fistulae, associated with apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in an 83-year-old woman with electrocardiographic abnormalities and a history of arterial hypertension and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. In order to evaluate the clinical significance and obtain further insights into this unusual disease, the ...
Nihoyannopoulos Petros - - 2009
Restrictive cardiomyopathies constitute a heterogenous group of heart muscle conditions that all have, in common, the symptoms of heart failure. Diastolic dysfunction with preserved systolic function is often the only echocardiographic abnormality that may be noted, although systolic dysfunction may also be an integral part of some specific pathologies, particularly ...
Yiğiner Omer - - 2009
Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) may be overlooked during routine echocardiography. A 54-year-old male patient with dyslipidemia and positive family history presented with atypical chest pain. The 12-lead electrocardiogram showed increased QRS voltage and deep T-wave inversions in precordial leads. Transthoracic echocardiography performed with poor echocardiographic windows demonstrated normal findings. Coronary ...
Williams L K - - 2009
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is diagnosed on the basis of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy for which there is insufficient explanation (e.g. mild hypertension or mild aortic stenosis with marked hypertrophy). Echocardiography is an invaluable tool in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with HCM. Echocardiographic assessment requires a comprehensive assessment in ...
Noordam C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The clinical hallmarks of Noonan syndrome (NS) are facial dysmorphism, short stature and cardiac defects. As one of the common cardiac defects in NS is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, there have been concerns regarding cardiac safety since the start of human growth hormone (hGH) therapy for NS. METHODS: Review of currently ...
Hussain Jamal - - 2009
Stress-induced cardiomyopathy is an increasingly recognized syndrome characterized by transient apical or midventricular dysfunction that mimics myocardial infarction in the absence of significant coronary artery disease. We describe a case of takotsubo syndrome that developed in an anxious patient within a few hours after a coronary interventional procedure. We believe ...
Bozi? Ivo - - 2009
Isolated left ventricular non-compaction (ILVNC) is one of the most misclassified cardiomyopathies. It is caused by failure of normal embryonic development of the myocardium from loosely arranged muscle fibers to the mature compacted form of myocardium, but it seems that etiology is not exclusively congenital. Diagnosis of ILVNC is mostly ...
Chao Tze-Fan - - 2009
The electrocardiographic presentation of Q waves is an important diagnostic indication of myocardial infarction and other differential diagnoses. We report a case in which the electrocardiography revealed significant Q waves in V1 to V4. In addition, echocardiography disclosed an encapsulated mass lesion over the interventricular septum. Rather than confirm a ...
Yacoub Magdi H - - 2009
Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) is one of the defining features of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and one of the main determinants of prognosis. Although the importance of obstruction was recognized since the original description by Teare and Brock, its exact cause and methods for its relief are still being ...
Karch Rudolf - - 2010
In the present study, descriptors from the theory of random heterogeneous media were used to characterize the morphology of the myocardial interstitial space in histological sections from hearts of healthy subjects and of patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Histological sections from resected DCM hearts (n = 9) were compared ...
von Knobelsdorff-Brenkenhoff Florian - - 2010
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC), which is characterized by transient left ventricular impairment in absence of coronary artery disease, is usually associated with emotional or physical stress, supposing that catecholamines are involved in pathophysiology. The present article reports on two cases with characteristic features of TTC following nasal application of epinephrine during ...
Ramirez F Daniel - - 2011
We present the case of a 20-year old male that underwent a surgical ventricular septal myectomy at 8months of age for symptomatic and drug-refractory obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Though he has remained asymptomatic since the operation, he now demonstrates findings of cardiac arrhythmia and left ventricular dysfunction. His case is ...
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