Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1119
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Crouch Eron D - - 2002
In acute coronary syndromes, GPIIb/IIIa platelet inhibitors have demonstrated a reduction in recurrent myocardial ischemia. Conversely, one might expect that enhancing platelet activity in patients in acute coronary syndromes would have the opposite effect. We report a patient with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) that had recurrent myocardial ischemia associated with ...
Gómez A - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine whether right ventricular (RV) ischemia is a contributory factor in the development of RV dysfunction in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH). BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced PPH develop RV dysfunction, characterized by a decreased cardiac output, increased right atrial pressure (RAP) ...
Jamal F - - 2001
The objectives of this study were to define the spectrum of regional myocardial function changes during acute ischemia in closed chest animals by using newly developed ultrasonic strain rate and strain indexes derived from regional color Doppler myocardial imaging (CDMI) velocity data. Myocardial ischemia was induced in 18 pigs either ...
Kawabata H - - 2001
Although 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors can protect the myocardium against ischemic injury, the mechanisms of their effect have not yet been characterized at the cellular level. Therefore, we investigated the role of cardiac ATP-sensitive K+ (K(ATP)) channels induced by the HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor known as pravastatin on the ...
Parlapiano C - - 2001
Met-enkephalin (Met-enk) has been demonstrated to modulate myocardial-ischemia mechanisms via the opioid receptors, but no studies are now available on Met-enk levels in the coronary circulation. In this experience Met-enk levels were evaluated in aortic root and in coronary sinus at baseline (T0), during PTCA induced transient ischemia (T1) and ...
Pavel J - - 2001
The regional distribution of catalytic NOS activity was studied in the lumbosacral segments of the spinal cord of the rabbit during single (8-min), twice (8-, 8-min) and thrice repeated (8-, 8-, 9-min) sublethal ischemia followed each time by 1 h of reperfusion. Single ischemia/reperfusion induced a significant increase of cNOS ...
Tzivoni D - - 2001
Ambulatory ECG monitoring (AEM) is the only available method to assess the presence and severity of myocardial ischemia during daily life. Several investigators have shown that the recording systems currently used can detect ischemic changes with similar accuracy as treadmill exercise testing. Ischemic changes on AEM are, however, present in ...
Bing R J - - 2001
This report reviews the author's involvement in the growth of ideas and basic concepts in myocardial ischemia resulting in the histological changes of myocardial infarction. Concepts arising from the study of myocardial substrate utilization, activation of the inducible form of nitric oxide synthase and production of prostacyclin and thromboxane in ...
Medel J - - 2001
After administration of terlipressin to treat hypotension related to induction of general anesthesia, profound hypertension occurred in association with myocardial ischemia and occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. The authors emphasize cautious use of this drug because of such adverse events.
Baykut D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The interruption of myocardial O2-supply in acute myocardial ischemia causes differences in coronary venous O2-content. In this study, the oxygenation status of coronary sinus blood is detected in myocardial ischemia by near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. METHOD: For the intravascular application, a new fiberoptic catheter is developed. After calibration of ...
Rosenberg E L - - 2001
The authors examined whether facial expressions of emotion would predict changes in heart function. One hundred fifteen male patients with coronary artery disease underwent the Type A Structured Interview, during which time measures of transient myocardial ischemia (wall motion abnormality and left ventricular ejection fraction) were obtained. Facial behavior exhibited ...
Landesberg G - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate the nature of the association between silent ischemia and postoperative myocardial infarction (PMI). BACKGROUND: Silent ischemia predicts cardiac morbidity and mortality in both ambulatory and postoperative patients. Whether silent stress-induced ischemia is merely a marker of extensive coronary artery disease or ...
Sasaki S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: To determine the incidence and predictors of postoperative myocardial ischemia in non-coronary risk patients undergoing surgery for thoracic aortic aneurysms. METHODS: DESIGN: a prospective, observational study. SETTING: a general intensive care unit in a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: twenty patients without ischemic heart disease, scheduled for elective surgical repair of ...
Tiessen R G - - 2001
Early detection of myocardial ischemia is of major importance in critical-care medicine. Changes of lactate or glucose levels in the cardial venous efflux may be useful parameters. We succeeded in integrating an ultrafiltration membrane in a cardiac catheter for continuous sampling. The ultrafiltrate was analyzed outside the body, resulting in ...
Xu X H - - 2001
The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the model of rat early acute myocardial ischemia was studied by Strept-Avidin-Biotin-Peroxidase Complex (SABC) immunohistochemical staining. After ligating the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery, an initial rapid (30min) positive expression of VEGF in myocardial ischemic areas was observed, ...
Yaymaci B - - 2001
The pathophysiology of angina pectoris is not precisely known yet in patients who have no coronary lesion but slow coronary flow by angiography. In this study we aim to display metabolic ischemia via atrial pacing to determine the difference of lactate production and arterio-venous O2 content difference (AVO2). Thirty-four patients ...
Mor-Avi V - - 2001
Echocardiographic diagnosis of myocardial ischemia is based on visualizing hypokinesis, which occurs late in the ischemic cascade. We hypothesized that temporal changes in endocardial motion may constitute sensitive early markers of ischemia. Two protocols were performed in 19 anesthetized pigs. Protocol 1 included 54 intracoronary balloon occlusions. Transthoracic images were ...
Serro-Azul J B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Antihypertensive therapy with thiazides decreases coronary events in elderly patients. However, the influence of diuretics on myocardial ischemia has not been fully investigated. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of chlorthalidone and diltiazem on myocardial ischemia. METHODS: Following a randomized, double-blind, crossover protocol, we studied ...
Bing R J - - 2001
This review deals with biochemical changes in infarcted heart muscle. Two main topics are emphasized: changes in substrate metabolism and in myocardial nitric oxide (NO), and prostacyclin and thromboxane formation. Alterations in glucose metabolism in infarcted heart are discussed with special reference to its myocardial utilization in ischemia. The biochemical ...
Luk'yanova I Y - - 2001
Ligation of the posterior interventricular branch of the right coronary artery in rats induced bradyarrhythmia similar by its pathophysiological mechanisms to bradyarrhythmias developed in humans during acute ischemia of the posterior cardiac wall. The type and severity of arrhythmia and conduction disturbances, their latency and duration, and correlation with the ...
Spear J F - - 2001
Little information is available on how acute ischemia modifies the electrophysiologic substrate associated with long Q-T interval conditions. We studied the effects of low-flow ischemia (10 min at 5.0 ml/min followed by 10 min of 2.5 ml/min) in Langendorff perfused rabbit hearts during control and in hearts 20 min after ...
Airaksinen K E - - 2001
Asymptomatic coronary artery disease and myocardial infarctions are common in diabetic subjects. The available clinical and epidemiological data suggest that the increased incidence of asymptomatic myocardial infarctions and coronary artery disease in diabetic patients mainly reflects accelerated coronary atherosclerosis and the proportion of silent disease relative to symptomatic disease or ...
Métais C - - 2001
Since serotonin (5-HT) is implicated in exacerbating acute coronary syndromes, we studied the reactivity of atrial coronary arterioles (70-140 microm) of atherosclerotic patients undergoing cardiac surgery to 5-HT, substance P (Sub P), and sodium nitroprusside by video-microscopy. Before ischemia, 5-HT-induced relaxation was not affected by NS398 (cyclooxygenase inhibitor), H2O2 or ...
Semmoum Y - - 2001
The effect of ischemia on cardiac Leucine enkephalin (Leu-enk) content, degradation and coronary release was studied in the isolated perfused hearts of male Sprague Dawley rats. Hearts were electrically stimulated at 180 beats/min. Cardiac Leu-enk concentrations were increased when hearts were perfused (635 +/- 41 vs 301 +/- 60 fmol/g ...
Omura T - - 2001
There have been many studies concerning the hemodynamics and physiological mechanisms in ischemic heart disease, little is known about molecular mechanisms during myocardial ischemia in in vivo study. As the signal transduction pathway responsible for myocardial hypertrophy and apoptosis, janus kinase (JAK) and signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) ...
Adams J E - - 2001
There is a need for blood-based analytic techniques that allow for the detection of patients either with reversible myocardial ischemia or who are at risk for myocardial ischemia. However, given the diverse etiologies of unstable angina and the complex interactions among various cell types, the term "marker for ischemia" should ...
Birnbaum Y - - 2001
Patients with acute myocardial infarction who have terminal QRS distortion in addition to ST-segment elevation (grade III ischemia) on their presenting electrocardiogram have higher mortality and larger final infarct size than patients with ST-segment elevation without changes in the terminal portion of the QRS complex (grade II ischemia). This article ...
Wittnich C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: This study examines the effect of neonatal exposure to clinically relevant hyperoxia levels on both in vivo myocardial metabolism and the subsequent metabolic response to global ischemia. METHODS: Three-day-old pigs were ventilated to normoxia (80 mm Hg, 2 or 5 hours, n = 11), mild hyperoxia (250 mm Hg, ...
Meissner A - - 2000
Volatile anesthetics exert a protective role in myocardial ischemia. An increase in sympathetic tone might exert deleterious effects on the ischemic myocardium. The use of the volatile anesthetic desflurane in myocardial ischemia is controversial because of its sympathetic activation. We compared propofol and desflurane on myocardial stunning in chronically instrumented ...
Marzilli M - - 2000
Patients with Angina Pectoris benefit from therapy with nitrates, beta-blockers, and calcium channel antagonists. All these drugs, through different action mechanisms, tend to reduce cardiac work and restore the balance between myocardial metabolic demand and blood supply. Failure of this conventional haemodynamic treatment in controlling symptoms and preventing ischemia is ...
De Paulis R - - 2000
This report describes the different clinical and instrumental manifestations of coronary ischemia in a patient with left main coronary artery atresia. Exercise test and thallium-201 perfusion scintigraphy during isometric exercise test were negative for angina and electrocardiographic changes. Conversely, dipyridamole infusion caused severe angina, marked ST-segment changes and diffuse thallium-201 ...
Lockowandt U - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possibility of using microdialysis of blood from the great cardiac vein for detecting myocardial ischemia. DESIGN: Microdialysis catheters were placed in the great cardiac vein and the left atrium of pigs for analysis of lactate, glycerol, pyruvate and glucose. Blood samples were drawn for measurement of ...
Fujishima M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Silent or asymptomatic cerebrovascular disease is believed to be an important risk factor for symptomatic stroke and vascular dementia. Although non-specific complaints such as mild to moderate headache and/or dizziness may also be caused by silent stroke, which remains a topic of controversy. METHODS: To investigate the relationship between ...
Dhekne R D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of indium-111 leukocyte (In-111 WBC) scintigraphy in a large number of patients with suspected bowel ischemia. METHODS: All patients who underwent In-111 WBC scintigraphy for possible bowel ischemia over a 4-yr period and had subsequent endoscopic or surgical biopsy ...
Madias J E - - 2000
A 72-year-old man with exertional angina had a strongly positive exercise electrocardiogram (EECG) with a negative thallium-201 myocardial perfusion scintigram (Tl). Arteriography revealed triple-vessel coronary artery disease, for which he underwent aortocoronary bypass grafting. Repeat EECG was negative, and it was again associated with a negative Tl. The false-negative Tl ...
Munger M A - - 2000
Adverse cardiac and pulmonary events are frequently observed during hemodialysis and contribute to significant morbidity and mortality. The temporal relationship between these events during the intradialytic period has not been well defined. To examine the event rate and timing of silent ischemia, cardiac ectopy, and hypoxemia, we conducted a prospective, ...
Orford J L - - 2000
Obstructive coronary artery disease is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in the developed world. Our understanding of the pathobiology of coronary atherosclerosis provides us with new opportunities to reduce myocardial ischemia by interventions that address these mechanisms directly. These interventions include lipid-lowering therapies that improve local coronary ...
Katsumata1 N - - 2000
Diltiazem has cardioprotective properties following myocardial ischemic injury. However, there are controversial results regarding the beneficial effects of diltiazem on regional myocardial flow after ischemia. Therefore, we investigated the effect of diltiazem on changes in regional myocardial flow due to ischemia for different periods. Non-radioactive colored microspheres were used for ...
Piro F R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate and quantify the presence of apoptosis in early myocardial ischemia in humans. METHODS: Histologic sections from the left and right ventricles of 16 hearts with impending myocardial infarction were stained with terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine 5-triphosphate nick end labeling (TUNEL) method and with antibodies to p53, bcl-2, ...
Balaguru D - - 2000
We used continuous intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) monitoring to detect intraoperative myocardial ischemia in children after they had been weaned from cardiopulmonary bypass for cardiac surgery. Three pediatric patients are described here to illustrate the usefulness of such TEE monitoring in surgical procedures involving coronary arteries. The indications for intraoperative ...
Miraliakbari R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Recent clinical use of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the treatment of both myocardial and peripheral ischemia has suggested the possibility of tissue specific coregulation of VEGF and its receptors (eg, kinase domain region [KDR]). The present study was performed to detect the relationship between VEGF and KDR ...
Zhang Y - - 2000
36 cases of coronary heart disease with silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) were treated sequentially with Tong Xin Luo (TXL) capsule and isosorbide dinitrate in random order. The results showed that both drugs were effective in decreasing episodes of SMI and shortening the duration of asymptomatic myocardial ischemia. TXL, however, was ...
Tabuchi K - - 2000
The objective of the present study was to examine whether mepacrine, a commonly used phospholipase A2 inhibitor, decreases ischemic damage to the cochlea. Transient ischemia of the cochlea was induced in albino guinea pigs for 15, 30 or 60 min by pressing the labyrinthine artery at the porus acusticus internus. ...
Sunagawa O - - 2000
The objective of the present study was to investigate the differences between coronary hyperresponsiveness without ischemia and vasospastic angina in an ergonovine provocation test using multivariate analysis. We have sometimes experienced a more than 50% narrowing response of vascular diameter without ischemia in a coronary response to ergonovine. We studied ...
Shehadeh A A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Mortality after acute myocardial ischemia has been reduced by aspirin (ASA) but mechanisms other than the antiplatelet effect have not been established. This article evaluates an antiarrhythmic action during sympathetic stimulation in the intact anesthetized dog with and without ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: The ventricular fibrillation threshold (VFT) was ...
Akkerhuis K M - - 2000
Computer-assisted continuous monitoring of the ST-segment allows detection and quantification of recurrent ischemia in patients with acute coronary syndromes. In a substudy of the PURSUIT (Platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in Unstable angina: Receptor Suppression Using Integrilin Therapy) trial, this technique was used to evaluate the effects of the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor ...
Umeno Y - - 2000
We herein describe a 70-year-old male patient who developed colonic necrosis following severe acute pancreatitis. He was referred to our hospital with a diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. In the course of the disease, he developed sudden and massive hematochezia and died. The autopsy findings revealed large bowel ischemia with transmural ...
Colonna P - - 2000
Myocardial contraction behaves heterogeneously, being greater in subendocardial than in subepicardial layers. Similarly, during acute myocardial ischemia or infarction, the subendocardium is the first myocardial layer to suffer. Conventional two-dimensional echocardiography cannot distinguish the transmural extension of myocardial ischemia or infarction, showing akinesia also when only the subendocardium is affected. ...
Tanonaka K - - 2000
Contribution of sodium channels and sodium/hydrogen exchangers (NHEs) to sodium accumulation during ischemia in the ischemic/reperfused heart was examined. Ischemia increased the myocardial sodium. Reperfusion elicited a further increase in the myocardial sodium, which was associated with little recovery of the left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP) of the perfused heart. ...
Lubarsky D A - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between perioperative ischemia and serial concentrations of D-dimer, which is a sensitive and specific marker of fibrinolytic activity. Myocardial ischemia and infarction are well-recognized complications of peripheral vascular surgery. We hypothesized that patients at increased risk of perioperative myocardial ischemia might be identified preoperatively ...
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