Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1145
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Cohn Peter F - - 2005
Silent myocardial ischemia is now in its fourth decade of recognition as a clinical syndrome within the spectrum of coronary artery disease. Prior decades have seen important research into the pathophysiology, detection, prevalence, prognosis, and therapy of this syndrome. More recent developments have continued to add data to each of ...
Landesberg Giora - - 2005
During the last 20 years, studies using continuous perioperative electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring in patients at high risk for postoperative cardiac complications have revolutionized our understanding of the pathophysiology, circumstances, timing and possible prevention of perioperative ischemia and postoperative cardiac morbidity and mortality. The present review attempts to provide a comprehensive ...
García-Villalón Angel Luis - - 2005
The effects of the duration of ischemia on coronary vasoconstriction after ischemia-reperfusion were analysed in rat hearts. After 15, 30 or 45 min of global zero-flow ischemia and 15 min reperfusion, the coronary response to endothelin-1 (10(-10)-10(-7) M) and the thromboxane A2 analogue 9,11-dideoxy-1a,9a-epoxymethanoprostaglandin F2alpha (U46691, 10(-8)-10(-6) M) was recorded. ...
Bodí Vicent V Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Clínic i Universitari, Universitat de València, Valencia, - - 2005
After a myocardial infarction, damage to the microcirculation indicates a worse prognosis. We compared the usefulness of the quantitative analysis of myocardial contrast echocardiography with intravenous injection of contrast (MCE-iv) with intracoro-nary injection (MCE-ic) for analyzing coronary perfusion. We studied 42 patients with a first ST-elevation myocardial infarction, single-vessel disease ...
Lawrence M. Agius
Constriction of intramural perforating vessels would induce dynamic episodes of significant myocardial ischemia in patients with atherosclerotic epicardial coronary arteries. Ventricular hypertrophy, both as a primary cardiomyopathy of unknown etiology and also as a secondary consequence or reaction to sustained arterial hypertension or aortic stenosis, would promote ischemia of the ...
M. Lawrence Agius
A basic series of mechanistic steps might actually operate not only in the generation of Ischemia to the myocardium, but particularly in the development of a progressive form of myocardial Ischemia that is determined to a significant degree by a previously established baseline level of sustained myocardial Ischemia. In this ...
Saito Tomoaki - - 2005
The role of cardiac ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels in ischemia-induced electrophysiological alterations has not been thoroughly established. Using mice with homozygous knockout (KO) of Kir6.2 (a pore-forming subunit of cardiac K(ATP) channel) gene, we investigated the potential contribution of K(ATP) channels to electrophysiological alterations and extracellular K(+) accumulation during myocardial ...
You Binquan - - 2005
To study the effect of of lidocaine and amiodarone on the transmural heterogeneity of ventricular repolarization in isolated rabbit hearts model of sustained global ischemia and to explore the mechanisms underlying the antiarrhythmic activity of lidocaine and amiodarone, rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group, ischemia group, lidocaine ...
Kalweit Gerhard - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Activation of coagulation and fibrinolysis is common among patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery. Little is known, however, about the impact of myocardial ischemia and reperfusion on coagulation activation and fibrinolysis in this clinical setting. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We determined the levels of coagulation activation and fibrinolysis markers ...
Mark Jonathan B - - 2005
Cardiac anesthesiologists have the responsibility to detect myocardial ischemia in a timely manner, which can be a challenging task in the perioperative environment. Transesophageal echocardiography pulmonary artery catheterization, and electrocardiography are the 3 major methods available for monitoring perioperative ischemia. Echocardiography, the newest and most sophisticated method, has been shown ...
Thijssen V L J L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctional and normally perfused remote regions show equal myolysis and glycogen accumulation in pig hibernating myocardium. We tested the hypothesis that these arose secondary to elevations in preload rather than ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Expression of structural protein (desmin, desmoplakin, titin, cardiotin, alpha-smooth muscle actin, lamin-A/C, and lamin-B2) in ...
Xia Zhengyuan - - 2004
Previous studies have shown that reactive oxygen species mediated lipid peroxidation in patients undergoing cardiac surgery occurs primarily during cardiopulmonary bypass. We examined whether application of a high concentration of propofol during ischemia could effectively enhance postischemic myocardial functional recovery in the setting of global ischemia and reperfusion in an ...
Park J W - - 2004
In the framework of this study quantitative parameters are presented which, derived from magnetocardiographic maps, aid in making a conclusion about ischemia in the myocardium. The analysis is based on the examination of 86 patients with unstable angina, of which 53 exhibited myocardial ischemia with high probability (Group I: angiographically ...
Pan Hui-Lin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Chest pain is a hallmark of myocardial ischemia, but its underlying signaling mechanisms remain poorly understood. The capsaicin receptor, vanilloid receptor-1 (VR1), is an important cation channel present on primary nociceptive neurons. We have shown that the VR1 is expressed on sensory nerve endings of the heart. In the ...
Novo S - - 2004
The term critical limb ischemia refers to a condition characterized by chronic ischemic at-rest pain, ulcers, or gangrene in one or both legs attributable to objectively proven arterial occlusive disease. Critical limb ischemia implies chronicity and is to be distinguished from acute limb ischemia. Its incidence is approximately 500 to ...
Solomon Hemant - - 2004
Silent ischemia is highly prevalent among patients with ischemic heart disease and is associated with a poor prognosis in moderate/high risk outpatients who either exhibit exercise- or pharmacological-induced myocardial ischemia, or in those patients who demonstrate silent ischemia following an acute coronary syndrome. Pharmacotherapy, including beta-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, statins, ...
Yan Gan-Xin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Phase 2 reentry caused by heterogeneous loss of the transient outward potassium current (I(to))-mediated epicardial action potential (AP) dome can produce a closely coupled R-on-T extrasystole leading to ventricular fibrillation (VF) under conditions of ST-segment elevation unrelated to ischemia. The present study examined the role of phase 2 reentry ...
Wackers Frans J Th - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and clinical predictors of silent myocardial ischemia in asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes and to test the effectiveness of current American Diabetes Association screening guidelines. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In the Detection of Ischemia in Asymptomatic Diabetics (DIAD) study, 1,123 patients with type 2 ...
Wallace Arthur W - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Perioperative myocardial ischemia occurs in 20-40% of patients at risk for cardiac morbidity and is associated with a ninefold increase in risk of cardiac morbidity. METHODS: In a prospective, double-blinded, clinical trial, we studied 190 patients with or at risk for coronary artery disease in two study groups with ...
Arques Stephane - - 2004
The prevalence of coronary artery disease was investigated in 18 patients hospitalized for acute diastolic heart failure without clinical and electrocardiographic evidence of myocardial ischemia on admission. On the basis of coronary angiography, 7 patients had coronary artery disease and 4 had ischemic heart disease. In addition, besides uncontrolled hypertension ...
Adams Jesse - - 2004
Optimal treatment of patients who present with chest pain is predicated on accurate identification of those patients with a cardiac etiology of their discomfort. Serial troponins and electrocardiograms are very sensitive for the detection of myocardial infarction but they are insensitive for the detection of ischemia. There are many analytes ...
Billgren Therese - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiogram-derived grades of ischemia at the time of patient presentation with acute myocardial infarction have proved useful in predicting the salvageability by reperfusion therapy, final infarct size, severity of left ventricular dysfunction, and short- and long-term prognosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The Sclarovsky-Birnbaum Ischemia Grading System based on the relation ...
Kawahito Shinji - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To identify variables associated with perioperative myocardial ischemia in patients undergoing carotid artery endarterectomy (CEA). DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: University-affiliated hospital operating room and intensive care unit. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred twenty-eight consecutive patients who underwent CEA during a 7-year period. INTERVENTIONS: Patients had general anesthesia with sevoflurane or ...
Araz M - - 2004
The aim of the study was to investigate the frequency of silent myocardial ischemia in type 2 diabetic patients without any clinical or laboratory findings of myocardial ischemia and to examine the related factors for silent myocardial ischemia. A total of 116 type 2 diabetic patients (82 women) with a ...
Oldenburg W Andrew - - 2004
Acute mesenteric ischemia is a life-threatening vascular emergency that requires early diagnosis and intervention to adequately restore mesenteric blood flow and to prevent bowel necrosis and patient death. The underlying cause is varied, and the prognosis depends on the precise pathologic findings. Despite the progress in understanding the pathogenesis of ...
Theres Heinz P - - 2004
The first heart sound is generated by vibrations from the myocardium during isovolumic contraction. Peak endocardial acceleration (PEA) has been used previously to measure these vibrations in humans and correlates with myocardial contractility during inotropic interventions. It is unknown if changes in PEA can be used to characterize a reduction ...
Laitio Timo T - - 2004
Patients with myocardial ischemia after noncardiac surgery have a three- to ninefold increased risk of adverse cardiac events. In this study we tested the hypothesis that altered preoperative heart rate variability (HRV) predicts postoperative prolonged myocardial ischemia (>10 min) in elderly surgical patients. Thirty-two patients, age 60 yr or older, ...
Urasawa Kazushi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Animal models are indispensable in order to investigate the mechanism of various diseases and to explore the counter measures for those disease states. Although there are several animal models of ischemic heart diseases, surgical interventions required to create myocardial ischemia sometimes give rise to a problem in the yield ...
Older Paul - - 2004
Postoperative outcome is mainly influenced by ventricular function. Tests designed to identify myocardial ischemia alone will fail to detect cardiac failure and are thus inadequate as a screening test for identification of cardiac risk in noncardiac surgical patients. We find that the degree of cardiac failure is the most important ...
Ogawa Shunichi - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We used myocardial fractional flow reserve (FFR(myo)) and coronary flow reserve (CFR) to estimate cut-off values for assessment of the functional severity of coronary stenosis and myocardial ischemia, and we tested the usefulness of coronary blood hemodynamic measurements before and after plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA) and coronary artery ...
Roy Debashis - - 2004
Ischemia-modified albumin (IMA), measured with the albumin cobalt binding test, is a marker of myocardial ischemia. We measured IMA concentrations after elective direct-current cardioversion for atrial fibrillation to determine whether transient myocardial ischemia occurs. Patients with electrocardiographic changes after cardioversion (ST-depression and/or T-wave inversion) had significantly higher IMA levels than ...
Almeda Francis Q - - 2004
Silent myocardial ischemia is a relatively common, but poorly understood, clinical entity. The most accurate means of detecting silent myocardial ischemia and the precise treatment endpoints remain unclear. However, the amount of ischemic myocardium appears to correlate with the likelihood of future adverse cardiac events. Evidence suggests that patients at ...
Iskandar Said B - - 2004
Asthma affects 5%-10% of adults in the United States. Older adults (> 65 years) with asthma have higher rates of fatal asthma than younger adults. The occurrence of a respiratory emergency, such as status asthmaticus, would seem likely to create a situation of cardiopulmonary dysfunction conducive to myocardial ischemia. However, ...
Milner Ross - - 2004
Acute mesenteric ischemia continues to be a highly morbid diagnosis with a high mortality rate. Percutaneous management of mesenteric ischemia is being more widely applied. Its utility is limited, though, for patients who present with an acute abdomen from ischemic bowel. The authors report a novel combination of open and ...
Li Jian-Jun - - 2004
Silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) is a common phenomenon in patients with coronary artery diseases, which frequently occurs at rest, during daily life activities or after physical or emotional exertion. Although individual differences in pain threshold may partially explain the variability in pain perception, the mechanisms responsible for SMI are not ...
Weil Joachim - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia is a rare but serious disorder with a high mortality rate; causal factors include cardiac glycosides, digoxin, and digitoxin in addition to severe hypotension, decompensated heart failure, and septic shock. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a patient with digitoxin intoxication who died from autopsy-confirmed ischemic gangrenous colitis. ...
Booker Kathy J - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Critically ill adults admitted for noncardiac conditions are at risk for acute myocardial ischemia. OBJECTIVES: To detect myocardial ischemia and injury in patients admitted for noncardiac conditions and to examine the relationship of myocardial ischemia, injury, and acuity to cardiac events. METHODS: Transient myocardial ischemia, acuity, elevations in serum ...
Kozàkovà Michaela - - 2003
In systemic hypertension, depressed left ventricular midwall shortening predicts an adverse outcome and is associated with increased left ventricular relative wall thickness, which has been proposed as an independent predictor of cardiovascular risk and reduced coronary reserve. This study was designed to investigate whether depressed midwall shortening is associated with ...
Kevin Leo G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Anesthetic preconditioning (APC) is protective for several aspects of cardiac function and structure, including left ventricular pressure, coronary flow, and infarction. APC may be protective, however, only if the duration of ischemia is within a certain, as yet undefined range. Brief ischemia causes minimal injury, and APC would be ...
Li Jian-Jun - - 2003
Circadian rhythms have long been recognized to occur in many biologic phenomena, including secretion of hormones as well as autonomic nervous system. There is increasing evidence that circadian rhythms have been also found in cardiovascular events, for example, myocardial infarction, sudden cardiac death as well as stroke have shown a ...
Zellweger Michael J - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the incidence of silent ischemia versus symptomatic ischemia six months after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and its impact on prognosis and to test the utility of myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), or MPS, for risk stratification in these patients. BACKGROUND: Silent ischemia is ...
Krishnan B S - - 2003
Cardiac ischemia is a well-known and serious complication during surgery. The authors describe a case of acute coronary vasospasm in a young patient undergoing thoracic laminectomy with biopsy of intramedullary tumor. The possible role of the autonomic nervous system in the causation of acute coronary vasospasm is discussed, and this ...
Gorog Diana A - - 2003
Genetically manipulated mouse lines are invaluable to investigate the effects of a single gene on sensitivity to ischemia. When choosing appropriate controls, we were concerned that intrinsic, strain-independent but colony-dependent differences may influence the susceptibility to ischemia. We, therefore, compared the infarct:risk volume ratio (I:R%) after 30-min global ischemia in ...
Wu Alan H B - - 2003
Ischemia-modified albumin is the first biomarker for myocardial ischemia to be approved by the FDA. Other markers are being evaluated such as free fatty acids, pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A, glycogen phosphorylase isoenzyme BB, sphingosine-1-phosphate and whole blood choline. This area of clinical research will continue to grow, given the importance of ...
Xing Yanqiu - - 2003
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is an energy-sensing enzyme that plays a pivotal role in regulating cellular metabolism for sustaining energy homeostasis under stress conditions. Activation of AMPK has been observed in the heart during acute and chronic stresses, but its functional role has not been completely understood because of the ...
Heper Gülümser - - 2003
The pathogenesis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and transient myocardial ischemia (TMI) is not completely understood. Therefore, the authors studied the biological indicators of thrombogenesis and sympathetic activity. The study was conducted on 50 patients with acute coronary syndrome and 30 patients with stable angina pectoris. Treatment was standardized with ...
Song Jong-Min - - 2003
BACKGROUND: We investigated the incidence and temporal changes of postsystolic thickening (PST) during myocardial ischemia and reperfusion to determine factors associated with PST. METHODS: The inferoposterior wall infarction was induced by coronary artery ligation (L) in 22 male cats. Epicardial echocardiographic examination including 2-dimensional, M-mode, and pulsed wave myocardial Doppler ...
Mancuso David J - - 2003
Murine myocardium contains diminutive amounts of calcium-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2) activity (<5% that of human heart), and malignant ventricular tachyarrhythmias are infrequent during acute murine myocardial ischemia. Accordingly we considered the possibility that the mouse was a species-specific knockdown of the human pathologic phenotype of ischemiainduced lethal ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Transgenic ...
Sesti Casilde - - 2003
We recently reported that ATP, coreleased with norepinephrine (NE) from cardiac sympathetic nerves, increases NE exocytosis via a positive feedback mechanism. A neuronal ectonucleotidase (E-NTPDase) metabolizes the released ATP, decreasing NE exocytosis. Excessive NE release in myocardial ischemia exacerbates cardiac dysfunction. Thus, we studied whether the ATP-mediated autocrine amplification of ...
Tendler David A - - 2003
Acute intestinal ischemia is a gastrointestinal emergency resulting from a sudden decrement in intestinal blood flow. It may occur as a consequence of mesenteric vascular occlusion and/or hypoperfusion and may involve the small intestine or colon. Bowel infarction, sepsis, and death may result, making prompt diagnosis and management imperative. Acute ...
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