Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1119
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Liang Qiansheng - - 2006
The purpose of this study is to quantitatively characterize major electrical markers of cardiac ischemia in normal mouse hearts to establish a set of baseline parameters for evaluation of genetically altered mouse hearts. Optical and electrical imaging techniques were coupled with impedance measurements to quantify changes induced by global ischemia. ...
Uchino H - - 2006
Brain ischemia leads to severe damage in the form of delayed neuronal cell death. In our study, we show that the marked neuroprotection of the new immunosuppressant FR901495 in forebrain ischemia is due not only to inhibition of calcineurin, but also to protection against mitochondrial damage caused by mitochondrial permeability ...
Seehase Matthias - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Neonatal hearts are less susceptible to developing myocardial dysfunction after hypoxia and/or ischemia than adult hearts. Differences in intracellular calcium homeostasis may be responsible for reduced calcium overload of the immature myocardium leading to the observed protection against ischemia. OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in baseline and post-ischemic gene expression ...
Tsukiji Miwako - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We assessed whether cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) of peri-infarct ischemia provides prognostic information in severe ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) patients referred for revascularization. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with severe ICM were recruited prospectively for combined stress adenosine perfusion, late gadolinium enhancement, and rest perfusion studies. The patients were followed for ...
Blanco Pampín José - - 2006
This study aims to evaluate the effects of ischemia on the myocardial fibers and the expression of the transcriptional factor for angiogenesis hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1alpha) in human heart specimens. We have prospectively analyzed the HIF-1alpha expression in human ischemic hearts with the ABC-inmunohistochemistry technique and amplification by biotinylated tyramide. ...
Inoue Soushin - - 2005
The endothelin-1 (ET-1) is known to cause myocardial ischemia; however, whether this effect is entirely dependent on vasoconstriction is uncertain. The aim of this study was to characterize the myocardial ischemia after the intracoronary administration of endothelin-1, and compare it with that induced by coronary stenosis. In the left anterior ...
Maskali Fatiha - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the changes during ischemia in the myocardial first-pass kinetics of DTPA, an extracellular tracer that is currently used for assessing myocardial perfusion with magnetic resonance imaging (Magnevist). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using an indicator-dilution technique, first-pass kinetics of DTPA were compared between normoxia (n=11) and ...
Ujiki Michael - - 2005
Mesenteric ischemia is a morbid, potentially life-threatening disease that is associated with a relatively high mortality, often due to its late diagnosis. Currently, the incidence of mesenteric ischemia in the United States is low; however, the incidence is predicted to increase because of the aging population. Therefore, whether the presentation ...
Kaufmann B A - - 2006
PURPOSE: Little is known about the relation between severity of ischemia and duration of myocardial stunning. The aim of this study was therefore to characterize the impact of ischemia on myocardial stunning and on its duration. METHODS: 310 patients (pts) who underwent myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) were evaluated. MPS acquired ...
Kuroko Yosuke - - 2005
Catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT) plays an important role for clearance of high catecholamine levels. Although myocardial ischemia evokes similar excessive catecholamine accumulation, it is uncertain whether COMT activity is involved in the removal of accumulated catecholamines evoked by myocardial ischemia. We examined how COMT activity affects myocardial catecholamine levels during myocardial ...
Azzazy Hassan M E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A biomarker that reliably detects myocardial ischemia in the absence of necrosis would be useful for initial identification of unstable angina patients and for differentiating patients with chest pain of an etiology other than coronary ischemia, and could provide clinical utility complementary to that of cardiac troponins, the established ...
Sukoyan G V - - 2005
Structural and conformational changes in myocardial and erythrocyte actin during cardiac ischemia were studied by the method of fluorescence resonance energy transfer with highly selective fluorescent probes. In contrast to 15-min coronary artery occlusion, 120-min ischemia was accompanied by irreversible structural and conformational changes in the small domain of erythrocyte ...
Wang Tracy Y - - 2005
Because biomarkers of myocardial necrosis only become positive in the setting of myocardial necrosis and disruption of cellular integrity, the diagnosis of myocardial infarction can only be made in retrospect. Ideally, one would like to identify patients at risk for complications before myocardial necrosis occurs. Insights into the pathophysiology of ...
Zanoni L Z - - 2005
We examined for myocardial ischemia induced by continuous inhalation of fenoterol in children with severe acute asthma. Thirty children with severe acute asthma were evaluated for signs of myocardial ischemia when treated with 0.5 mg kg dose (maximum 15 mg) of inhaled fenoterol for one hour. The heart rate was ...
MacLeod Robert S - - 2005
Many aspects of ischemia-induced changes in the electrocardiogram lack solid biophysical underpinnings although variations in ST segments form the predominant basis for diagnostic and monitoring of patients. This incomplete knowledge certainly plays a role in the poor performance of some forms of electrocardiogram-based detection and characterization of ischemia, especially when ...
Aspelin T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Fibrinolysis in blood is mainly reflected by the activities of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). The effect of myocardial ischemia on their activities in the coronary circulation is, however, not established. OBJECTIVES: With an improved experimental model, we therefore examined the effect of a ...
Yao Chih-Ta - - 2005
The anomalous origin of the right coronary artery (ARCA) from the main pulmonary artery (MPA) is a rare congenital cardiac malformation and usually associated with other cardiac anomalies. Most patients with isolated ARCA from MPA remain asymptomatic, but they may develop myocardial ischemia and even sudden death. We reported an ...
Kawada Toru - - 2006
Although electrical vagal stimulation exerts beneficial effects on the ischemic heart such as an antiarrhythmic effect, whether it modulates norepinephrine (NE) and acetylcholine (ACh) releases in the ischemic myocardium remains unknown. To clarify the neural modulation in the ischemic region during vagal stimulation, we examined ischemia-induced NE and ACh releases ...
Elhendy Abdou - - 2005
This study assessed the effect of ischemia during dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) on cardiac mortality in patients with heart failure. We studied 528 patients (62 +/- 11 years of age, 402 men) who had heart failure and previous myocardial infarction or known coronary artery disease and underwent DSE. Ischemia was ...
Ozhan Hakan - - 2005
Silent myocardial ischemia is recognized as a common manifestation after percutaneous coronary interventions possibly due to induction of coronary artery spasm. A 54-year-old man was performed primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty with the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. His 18-hour control electrocardiogram showed big-notched inverted T waves in precordial, III, ...
Creteur Jacques - - 2005
Inadequate myocardial performance is a common complication of severe sepsis. Studies in humans strongly argue against a decrease in coronary blood flow in the pathogenesis of this sepsis-induced cardiac injury. Moreover, regional myocardial ischemia may well be present in sepsis patients with coexistent coronary artery disease. Nevertheless, the diagnosis of ...
Cosson E - - 2005
Silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) and silent coronary stenoses (CS) are two to seven times more frequent in diabetic patients than in non-diabetic patients. In addition to this, they have a higher predictive value for cardiovascular events than the classical cardiovascular risk factors, either taken alone or combined. Coronary arterial disease ...
Depre Christophe - - 2005
Myocardial hibernation represents a condition of regional ventricular dysfunction in patients with chronic coronary artery disease, which reverses gradually after revascularization. The precise mechanism mediating the regional dysfunction is still debated. One hypothesis suggests that chronic hypoperfusion results in a self-protecting downregulation in myocardial function and metabolism to match the ...
Sreenarasimhaiah Jayaprakash - - 2005
Chronic mesenteric ischemia is an unusual but important cause of abdominal pain. Although this condition accounts for only 5% of all intestinal ischemic events, it can have significant clinical consequences. Among its many causes, atherosclerotic occlusion or severe stenosis is the most common. This disorder has an indolent course that ...
Parisi Quintino - - 2005
We report hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) expression in myocardium of patients with recent acute myocardial infarction (AMI), supporting the hypothesis of HIF-1 as a possible mediator of response to ischemia. A potential diagnostic role of determining tissue expression of HIF-1 as a marker of ischemia, and potential therapeutic implications by trying ...
Cohn Peter F - - 2005
Silent myocardial ischemia is now in its fourth decade of recognition as a clinical syndrome within the spectrum of coronary artery disease. Prior decades have seen important research into the pathophysiology, detection, prevalence, prognosis, and therapy of this syndrome. More recent developments have continued to add data to each of ...
Landesberg Giora - - 2005
During the last 20 years, studies using continuous perioperative electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring in patients at high risk for postoperative cardiac complications have revolutionized our understanding of the pathophysiology, circumstances, timing and possible prevention of perioperative ischemia and postoperative cardiac morbidity and mortality. The present review attempts to provide a comprehensive ...
García-Villalón Angel Luis - - 2005
The effects of the duration of ischemia on coronary vasoconstriction after ischemia-reperfusion were analysed in rat hearts. After 15, 30 or 45 min of global zero-flow ischemia and 15 min reperfusion, the coronary response to endothelin-1 (10(-10)-10(-7) M) and the thromboxane A2 analogue 9,11-dideoxy-1a,9a-epoxymethanoprostaglandin F2alpha (U46691, 10(-8)-10(-6) M) was recorded. ...
Lawrence M. Agius
Constriction of intramural perforating vessels would induce dynamic episodes of significant myocardial ischemia in patients with atherosclerotic epicardial coronary arteries. Ventricular hypertrophy, both as a primary cardiomyopathy of unknown etiology and also as a secondary consequence or reaction to sustained arterial hypertension or aortic stenosis, would promote ischemia of the ...
M. Lawrence Agius
A basic series of mechanistic steps might actually operate not only in the generation of Ischemia to the myocardium, but particularly in the development of a progressive form of myocardial Ischemia that is determined to a significant degree by a previously established baseline level of sustained myocardial Ischemia. In this ...
Saito Tomoaki - - 2005
The role of cardiac ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels in ischemia-induced electrophysiological alterations has not been thoroughly established. Using mice with homozygous knockout (KO) of Kir6.2 (a pore-forming subunit of cardiac K(ATP) channel) gene, we investigated the potential contribution of K(ATP) channels to electrophysiological alterations and extracellular K(+) accumulation during myocardial ...
You Binquan - - 2005
To study the effect of of lidocaine and amiodarone on the transmural heterogeneity of ventricular repolarization in isolated rabbit hearts model of sustained global ischemia and to explore the mechanisms underlying the antiarrhythmic activity of lidocaine and amiodarone, rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups: control group, ischemia group, lidocaine ...
Kalweit Gerhard - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Activation of coagulation and fibrinolysis is common among patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery. Little is known, however, about the impact of myocardial ischemia and reperfusion on coagulation activation and fibrinolysis in this clinical setting. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We determined the levels of coagulation activation and fibrinolysis markers ...
Mark Jonathan B - - 2005
Cardiac anesthesiologists have the responsibility to detect myocardial ischemia in a timely manner, which can be a challenging task in the perioperative environment. Transesophageal echocardiography pulmonary artery catheterization, and electrocardiography are the 3 major methods available for monitoring perioperative ischemia. Echocardiography, the newest and most sophisticated method, has been shown ...
Thijssen V L J L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctional and normally perfused remote regions show equal myolysis and glycogen accumulation in pig hibernating myocardium. We tested the hypothesis that these arose secondary to elevations in preload rather than ischemia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Expression of structural protein (desmin, desmoplakin, titin, cardiotin, alpha-smooth muscle actin, lamin-A/C, and lamin-B2) in ...
Xia Zhengyuan - - 2004
Previous studies have shown that reactive oxygen species mediated lipid peroxidation in patients undergoing cardiac surgery occurs primarily during cardiopulmonary bypass. We examined whether application of a high concentration of propofol during ischemia could effectively enhance postischemic myocardial functional recovery in the setting of global ischemia and reperfusion in an ...
Park J W - - 2004
In the framework of this study quantitative parameters are presented which, derived from magnetocardiographic maps, aid in making a conclusion about ischemia in the myocardium. The analysis is based on the examination of 86 patients with unstable angina, of which 53 exhibited myocardial ischemia with high probability (Group I: angiographically ...
Pan Hui-Lin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Chest pain is a hallmark of myocardial ischemia, but its underlying signaling mechanisms remain poorly understood. The capsaicin receptor, vanilloid receptor-1 (VR1), is an important cation channel present on primary nociceptive neurons. We have shown that the VR1 is expressed on sensory nerve endings of the heart. In the ...
Novo S - - 2004
The term critical limb ischemia refers to a condition characterized by chronic ischemic at-rest pain, ulcers, or gangrene in one or both legs attributable to objectively proven arterial occlusive disease. Critical limb ischemia implies chronicity and is to be distinguished from acute limb ischemia. Its incidence is approximately 500 to ...
Solomon Hemant - - 2004
Silent ischemia is highly prevalent among patients with ischemic heart disease and is associated with a poor prognosis in moderate/high risk outpatients who either exhibit exercise- or pharmacological-induced myocardial ischemia, or in those patients who demonstrate silent ischemia following an acute coronary syndrome. Pharmacotherapy, including beta-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, statins, ...
Yan Gan-Xin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Phase 2 reentry caused by heterogeneous loss of the transient outward potassium current (I(to))-mediated epicardial action potential (AP) dome can produce a closely coupled R-on-T extrasystole leading to ventricular fibrillation (VF) under conditions of ST-segment elevation unrelated to ischemia. The present study examined the role of phase 2 reentry ...
Wackers Frans J Th - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and clinical predictors of silent myocardial ischemia in asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes and to test the effectiveness of current American Diabetes Association screening guidelines. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In the Detection of Ischemia in Asymptomatic Diabetics (DIAD) study, 1,123 patients with type 2 ...
Wallace Arthur W - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Perioperative myocardial ischemia occurs in 20-40% of patients at risk for cardiac morbidity and is associated with a ninefold increase in risk of cardiac morbidity. METHODS: In a prospective, double-blinded, clinical trial, we studied 190 patients with or at risk for coronary artery disease in two study groups with ...
Arques Stephane - - 2004
The prevalence of coronary artery disease was investigated in 18 patients hospitalized for acute diastolic heart failure without clinical and electrocardiographic evidence of myocardial ischemia on admission. On the basis of coronary angiography, 7 patients had coronary artery disease and 4 had ischemic heart disease. In addition, besides uncontrolled hypertension ...
Adams Jesse - - 2004
Optimal treatment of patients who present with chest pain is predicated on accurate identification of those patients with a cardiac etiology of their discomfort. Serial troponins and electrocardiograms are very sensitive for the detection of myocardial infarction but they are insensitive for the detection of ischemia. There are many analytes ...
Billgren Therese - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiogram-derived grades of ischemia at the time of patient presentation with acute myocardial infarction have proved useful in predicting the salvageability by reperfusion therapy, final infarct size, severity of left ventricular dysfunction, and short- and long-term prognosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The Sclarovsky-Birnbaum Ischemia Grading System based on the relation ...
Kawahito Shinji - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To identify variables associated with perioperative myocardial ischemia in patients undergoing carotid artery endarterectomy (CEA). DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: University-affiliated hospital operating room and intensive care unit. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred twenty-eight consecutive patients who underwent CEA during a 7-year period. INTERVENTIONS: Patients had general anesthesia with sevoflurane or ...
Araz M - - 2004
The aim of the study was to investigate the frequency of silent myocardial ischemia in type 2 diabetic patients without any clinical or laboratory findings of myocardial ischemia and to examine the related factors for silent myocardial ischemia. A total of 116 type 2 diabetic patients (82 women) with a ...
Oldenburg W Andrew - - 2004
Acute mesenteric ischemia is a life-threatening vascular emergency that requires early diagnosis and intervention to adequately restore mesenteric blood flow and to prevent bowel necrosis and patient death. The underlying cause is varied, and the prognosis depends on the precise pathologic findings. Despite the progress in understanding the pathogenesis of ...
Theres Heinz P - - 2004
The first heart sound is generated by vibrations from the myocardium during isovolumic contraction. Peak endocardial acceleration (PEA) has been used previously to measure these vibrations in humans and correlates with myocardial contractility during inotropic interventions. It is unknown if changes in PEA can be used to characterize a reduction ...
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