Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1119
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Trénor Beatriz - - 2007
Sudden cardiac death is mainly provoked by arrhythmogenic processes. During myocardial ischemia many malignant arrhythmias, such as reentry, take place and can degenerate into ventricular fibrillation. It is thus of great interest to unravel the intricate mechanisms underlying the initiation and maintenance of a reentry. In this computational study, we ...
Tanaka Hideji - - 2007
Early identification of myocardial ischemia during high-dose dobutamine stress (DOB) has important clinical implications. Myocardial strain imaging can evaluate regional myocardial contractility in the radial, longitudinal, and circumferential directions. The aim of this study was to assess precisely the differences in deterioration of myocardial deformation among the 3 directions in ...
Klein Andrew J - - 2007
The development of acute limb ischemia in patients following intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) placement remains a frequent event that presents a significant management challenge. We report two recent cases of this clinical event from our institution, which demonstrate that endovascular therapies may be used to treat acute limb ischemia in ...
Schramm René - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We developed a model for intravital microscopic analysis of the coronary microcirculation in transplanted murine hearts and assessed the influence of cold ischemia on postischemic microcirculatory dysfunctions. METHODS: Murine hearts were exposed to 60 (n = 12) and 240 minutes (n = 8) of cold ischemia before syngeneic heterotopic ...
Fukushima Kenji - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: (201)Thallium (TL), (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin (TF), and (99m)Tc-sestamibi (MIBI) are extensively used as myocardial perfusion agents. The objective of the present study was to evaluate their kinetics under acute ischemia-reperfusion. METHODS: Isolated rat hearts, perfused by the Langendorff method at a constant flow rate of 10 ml/min, were allotted to normal ...
Takagi Hiromitsu - - 2007
We have recently shown that autophagy is induced by ischemia and reperfusion in the mouse heart in vivo. Ischemia stimulates autophagy through an AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK)-dependent mechanism, whereas reperfusion after ischemia stimulates autophagy through a Beclin 1-dependent, but AMPK-independent, mechanism. Autophagy plays distinct roles during ischemia and reperfusion: ...
Gwirtz Patricia A - - 2007
Studies tested the hypothesis that myocardial ischemia induces increased paraspinal muscular tone localized to the T(2)-T(5) region that can be detected by palpatory means. This is consistent with theories of manual medicine suggesting that disturbances in visceral organ physiology can cause increases in skeletal muscle tone in specific muscle groups. ...
Broner Susan - - 2007
Headache as the presenting symptom of myocardial ischemia has been reported in more than 20 cases. These headaches have been described as of gradual onset, associated with exertion and with EKG changes. We present herein the first case of thunderclap headache occurring at rest as the sole symptom of an ...
Labruto Fausto - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Large burns cause systemic inflammation and myocardial depression. We hypothesized that small burns affect cardiac tolerance to ischemia, and that tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) signaling through endothelin-1 (ET) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF kappaB) are associated. METHODS: Mice were randomly assigned to four groups: burn (caused by ...
Ho John - - 2007
The absence of coronary artery calcium (CAC) is associated with minimal atherosclerosis. Nonetheless, morbid and mortal cardiovascular events occur in patients with low CAC. This study attempts to identify whether calcific deposits outside the coronary arteries or traditional cardiovascular risk variables are associated with myocardial ischemia in patients with low ...
Yang Zhao - - 2007
Ventricular arrhythmias are commonly observed in patients with acute coronary occlusion and ischemia. The purpose of the present study is to determine ischemic electrophysiological effects and their role in ischemia-induced arrhythmia. Optical mapping of the membrane potential with voltage-sensitive dyes was used in the study. The mapping was performed with ...
Gibson C Michael - - 2007
Silent ischemia, the most common expression of atherosclerotic heart disease, affects approximately 30-50% of patients during their activities of daily living. The present review provides a comprehensive and practical summary of current knowledge on perioperative myocardial ischemia through MEDLINE searches up to June 2005, using keywords including "silent ischemia," "transient ...
Wolak Arik - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Failure of ST-segment resolution (STR) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for ST-elevation myocardial infarction is associated with adverse outcome but currently cannot be predicted on admission. Our aim was to determine whether failure of STR can be predicted from clinical and electrocardiographic data available on admission and whether ...
Cho Dae Kyoung - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Ischemia-modified albumin, a new marker of myocardial ischemia, is known to elevate during ischemia induced by percutaneous coronary intervention. It is, however, not known whether ischemia-modified albumin also elevates during transient coronary vasospasm. METHODS: We evaluated ischemia-modified albumin in patients undergoing intracoronary ergonovine spasm provocation test (n=26). For additional ...
Sharma Rajan - - 2007
The outcome of acute coronary syndromes is usually poor in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and the early detection of myocardial ischemia is therefore essential in this group. However, the diagnosis of ischemina is often problematic in patients with ESRD, as cardiac symptoms and electrocardiography are not reliable predictors ...
Wittnich Carin - - 2007
Altered metabolic responses of the newborn heart to ischemia, which may increase irreversible injury, may at least partially explain the greater morbidity and mortality experienced by some children undergoing congenital cardiac repair. The present study compared newborn heart metabolic responses to global ischemia with those of adult, and evaluated whether ...
Wada Amy - - 2007
Indications of myocardial ischemia should be treated quickly and effectively to avoid permanent myocardial damage. This article describes a case of myocardial ischemia detected in the postanesthesia care unit following an excision of a facial/neck hematoma in an 83-year-old male. The patient had undergone extensive facial reconstructive surgery for squamous ...
Kress John P - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of myocardial ischemia in mechanically ventilated patients with coronary risk factors and compare periods of sedative interruption vs. sedative infusion. DESIGN: Prospective, blinded observational study. SETTING: Medical intensive care unit of tertiary care medical center. PATIENTS: Intubated, mechanically ventilated patients with established coronary artery disease ...
Martin Claus - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Nitric oxide (NO) synthesis by NO synthases (NOS) requires oxygen. However, although counterintuitive, NO synthesis is increased in ischemic myocardium. Accordingly, mechanisms independent of the NOS pathway have been suggested to contribute to NO synthesis during ischemia. NO initiates detrimental as well as protective mechanisms in a concentration-dependent manner, ...
Liu Jian-Xun - - 2007
AIM: To develop a new model of myocardial ischemia in Chinese miniature swine and reevaluate the cardioprotective effects of diltiazem. METHODS: Myocardial ischemia was induced by injecting self-embolus into the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery in qualified miniature swine. Diltiazem (5 mg. kg(-1). d(-1)) was orally administered to the ...
Ahmed Amany H - - 2007
Silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) is increasingly being recognized as part of the spectrum of ischemic heart disease. The spectrum of SMI ranges from asymptomatic coronary artery disease to critical illness necessitating intensive care. Although many diagnostic tools have been used to identify low- and high-risk subgroups, their use is limited ...
Ma Longle - - 2007
To investigate the impact of acute subendocardial ischemia on the dispersion of ventricular refractory periods. Acute subendocardial ischemia was induced in sheep by partial ligation of the left circumflex coronary artery and rapid pacing of the left atrium. The ventricular effective refractory period (ERP) was measured in five areas of ...
Guo Z - - 2007
The painful sensation during acute myocardial ischemia or infarction is a common symptom and results from neural activity in humans. Little is known about the role of neuropeptides in this effect of myocardial ischemia. The aim of the current study was to investigate the role of substance P in mediating ...
Suzuki Jun-ichi - - 2007
Tea catechins have many biological functions; these effects are induced by the suppression of several inflammatory factors. However, the effects of catechins on ventricular remodeling after myocardial ischemia have not been well investigated. To test the hypothesis that catechins can attenuate chronic ventricular remodeling after myocardial ischemia, we performed oral ...
Luqman Nazar - - 2007
Ventricular fibrillation (VF) and myocardial ischemia are inseparable. The first clinical manifestation of myocardial ischemia or infarction may be sudden cardiac death in 20-25% of patients. The occurrence of potentially lethal arrhythmia is the end result of a cascade of pathophysiological abnormalities that result from complex interactions between coronary vascular ...
Marazzi Giuseppe - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Free fatty acid inhibition with trimetazidine (TMZ) improves myocardial metabolism and myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Because of its effect on myocardial glucose utilization TMZ may represent a therapeutic option in diabetic patients with CAD. Aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the ...
Ieda Masaki - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Molecular mechanisms regulating the cardiac sensory nervous system remain poorly understood. Cardiac sensory nerve impairment causes silent myocardial ischemia, a main cause of sudden death in diabetes mellitus (DM). The present study focused on the roles of nerve growth factor (NGF) in the regulation of the cardiac sensory nervous ...
Stejskal David - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The need for a laboratory marker of myocardial ischemia has been alluded to for at least the last decade. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic importance of the myosin light chain-1 (MLC-1), clusterin and Reg-Ialpha in patients with suspected myocardial ischemia. METHODS: A group ...
Dzwonczyk Roger - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery is common therapy to completely revascularize diseased hearts. In order to graft posterior arteries in this procedure, the heart must be lifted from the chest cavity and manipulated to expose the surgical field using an apical suction device. This suction device may cause ...
Chen Ying - - 2006
Myocardial ischemia creates abnormal electrophysiological substrates that can result in life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Early clinical identification of ischemia in patients is important to managing their condition. We analyzed electrograms from an ischemia-reperfusion animal model in order to investigate the relationship between myocardial ischemia and variability of electrocardiogram (ECG) multifractality. Ventricular ...
Rodríguez Blanca B Oxford University Computing Laboratory, Wolfson Building, Parks Road, Oxford, UK. - - 2006
Myocardial ischemia is one of the main causes of sudden cardiac death, with 80% of victims suffering from coronary heart disease. In acute myocardial ischemia, the obstruction of coronary flow leads to the interruption of oxygen flow, glucose, and washout in the affected tissue. Cellular metabolism is impaired and severe ...
Friedland Shai - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chronic mesenteric ischemia can be difficult to diagnose by means of currently available clinical techniques. We developed a novel endoscopic device for objective measurement of GI mucosal ischemia. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate the performance of the device in patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia. DESIGN: A fiberoptic catheter-based ...
Jones Robin L - - 2006
Anthracyclines are a well-known cause of cardiotoxicity, but a number of other drugs used to treat cancer can also result in cardiac and cardiovascular adverse effects. Cardiotoxicity can result in the alteration of cardiac rhythm, changes in blood pressure and ischemia, and can also alter the ability of the heart ...
Wagner Galen - - 2006
The ECG is the key clinical test available for the emergency determination of which patients who presenting with acute coronary syndromes indeed have acute myocardial ischemia/infarction. Because typically the etiology is thrombosis, the correct clinical decision regarding reperfusion therapy is crucial. This review follows the efforts of an AHA working ...
Hrovatin Enzo - - 2006
The antimetabolite 5-fluorouracil is frequently used in the therapy of various malignancies. Cardiotoxicity has frequently been described during treatment, but there is no common agreement on the need to perform cardiovascular monitoring of patients during 5-fluorouracil administration. We report the case of a young patient with an head-neck cancer on ...
Dolinsky Vernon W - - 2006
The heart is capable of utilizing a variety of substrates to produce the necessary ATP for cardiac function. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) has emerged as a key regulator of cellular energy homeostasis and coordinates multiple catabolic and anabolic pathways in the heart. During times of acute metabolic stresses, cardiac AMPK ...
Lee Jae-Chul - - 2006
In the present study, we investigated chronological changes of mu-calpain, m-calpain and cleaved spectrin alphaII immunoreactivity in the ventral horn after transient spinal cord ischemia to investigate relationship between calpains and vulnerability to ischemia using abdominal aorta occlusion model in rabbits. Spinal cord sections at the level of L(7) were ...
Slogoff Stephen - - 2006
Does perioperative myocardial ischemia lead to postoperative myocardial infarction? By Stephen Slogoff and Arthur S. Keats. Anesthesiology 1985; 62:107-14. Reprinted with permission. To determine if a relationship exists between perioperative myocardial ischemia (ST segment depression greater than or equal to 0.1 mV) and postoperative myocardial infarction (PMI), nonparticipating observers recorded ...
Namekata Iyuki - - 2006
The cardioprotective effects of SEA0400, a novel Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger inhibitor, were examined in isolated guinea pig myocardial tissue and ventricular myocytes. In a coronary-perfused right ventricular tissue preparation, SEA0400 had no cardiosuppressive effect during normoxia and experimental ischemia, but enhanced the recovery of contractile force during reperfusion. SEA0400 had no ...
Borrego Raúl - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of peripheral and intestinal ischemia associated with arterial catheterization and terlipressin treatment in a child. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Pediatric intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENT: The patient was a 2-month-old female infant with shock refractory to treatment with catecholamines, who received treatment ...
Immanuel Suzanna - - 2006
The biochemical marker of myocardial ischemia is detected prior to the development of myocardial necrosis, i.e. a novel biochemical evaluation based on human serum albumin binding to cobalt, a transitional metal. The evaluation is known as Albumin Cobalt Binding (ACB) Test. ACB Test is applied to detect the presence of ...
Castri Paola - - 2006
Apomorphine was administered by continuous infusion in the mouse following acute inhibition of oxidative metabolism induced by systemic administration of MPTP, and in the gerbil following transient occlusion of the carotid arteries. The dosage employed was comparable to the one used in the treatment of severe on-off fluctuations in Parkinson's ...
Gur Mustafa - - 2006
Intercoronary communication is an exceptionally rare congenital malformation. A 43-year-old male was admitted to our cardiology department with symptomatic stable angina. ECG and echocardiography was normal. Exercise electrocardiography showed ST depression in inferior leads. No atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary arteries was detected on coronary angiography. However, a unidirectional intercoronary ...
Jani Sonal - - 2006
The metabolic pathways of the heart during normoxia and ischemia have been well studied. High plasma fatty acid concentrations and the myocardial accumulation of long-chain fatty acyl metabolites during ischemia correlate with increased morbidity and mortality. However, enhanced glucose use can maintain cell homeostasis, diminish ischemic injury, and be clinically ...
Shanewise Jack S - - 2006
Detection of myocardial ischemia in the perioperative period is important because it allows for intervention that may prevent progression of ischemia to myocardial infarction. Perioperative ischemia is also an important predictor of adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Patients should first be stratified according to their risk of having cardiovascular disease by identifying ...
Elbers Paul W G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord ischemia and visceral ischemia may occur simultaneously during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. The present rabbit study investigated the effect of a temporary interruption of the visceral perfusion on the development of ischemia-reperfusion injury of the spinal cord. METHODS: Spinal cord ischemia was induced by occlusion of the ...
Silber Harry A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Procedures that induce ischemic pre-conditioning during cardiac surgery will require a rapidly visualized hemodynamic monitor of acute ischemia. This study investigated the utility of a continuous loop tracing of left ventricular pressure (LVP) plotted against its derivative (dP/dt) as a visual beat-to-beat monitor of acute changes in myocardial relaxation ...
Hasegawa Hiroshi - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on chronic myocardial ischemia in swine. BACKGROUND: We recently have reported that G-CSF prevents cardiac remodeling and dysfunction after acute myocardial infarction in mice and swine. It remains unclear whether G-CSF has beneficial effects ...
Crisostomo Paul R - - 2006
Chronic endogenous testosterone exposure adversely affects proinflammatory and proapoptotic signaling after ischemia/reperfusion; however, it remains unknown whether a single acute testosterone exposure is equally detrimental. We hypothesized that acute exogenous testosterone infusion before ischemia would worsen myocardial functional recovery, increase the activation of MAPKs and caspase-3, and increase myocardial proinflammatory ...
Tsibiribi Panayota - - 2006
A major risk associated with bupivacaine during myocardial ischemia is ventricular fibrillation. We investigated the influence of ropivacaine on cardiac contractility and the propensity to ventricular fibrillation before and after myocardial ischemia in a placebo-controlled pig study. Anesthetized domestic pigs were administered 1 mg.kg(-1) of ropivacaine intravenously over 1 min ...
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