Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1149
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Staub Daniel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The role of the arginine-vasopressin (AVP) system in the response to myocardial ischemia is unclear. Copeptin, the C-terminal part of the AVP prohormone is secreted stoichiometrically with AVP. METHODS: A total of 253 consecutive patients with suspected myocardial ischemia referred for rest/ergometry myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) ...
Lee Seung-Hoon - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Both statin and hypothermia protect the brain from focal cerebral ischemia. In this study, we sought to determine whether statin pretreatment enhances the efficacy of hypothermia and extends the therapeutic time window of hypothermia. METHODS: Rats were subjected to focal cerebral ischemia for 2 h. Initially, we tested the ...
Lee Seung Soo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine computed tomographic findings that are helpful in differentiating transmural infarction from nontransmural ischemia in patients with mesenteric ischemia secondary to acute mesenteric venous thrombosis (MVT). METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with symptomatic acute MVT were categorized into 2 groups: a transmural infarction (n = 13) and a nontransmural ischemia ...
Salami Ali - - 2008
Acute limb ischemia is a surgical emergency as a delay in reperfusion is associated with a high risk of irreversible tissue infarction potentially leading to limb loss and death. However, in medically compromised patients, perioperative morbidity and mortality remain high. An elderly woman with multiple comorbidities developed acute bilateral lower ...
Romano Stefania - - 2008
In the acute obstructive syndrome, beyond the evaluation of the morphologic findings of the intestine (e.g. dilation, air-fluid level, whirl sign, transition point), it is important to consider the pathophysiology of the bowel wall in order to better estimate the status of viability, the degree of the obstruction and the ...
Nakagawa Masahiro - - 2008
Cardiac dysfunction during hemorrhagic shock (HS) is associated with myocardial ischemia, during which adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels can be activated. We investigated the role of K(ATP) channels in HS-induced myocardial ischemia. Canine HS was induced using an aortic reservoir to maintain the aortic pressure at a constant 40 ...
Fayad Ashraf - - 2008
Introduction: Isolated Systolic Hypertension (ISH) is increasingly recognized as a cardiovascular risk1. It is associated with aging and accounts for 65% of uncontrolled hypertension. The WHO reports that suboptimal BP (> 115 mm Hg SBP) is responsible for 62% of cerebrovascular disease and 49% of ischemic heart disease. The relationship ...
De Hert S G - - 2008
Ischemic heart disease is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in the Western world. With the advancing age of the surgical population, anesthesiologists increasingly have to treat patients with known or suspected ischemic heart disease in the perioperative period. Over the years various strategies have been developed to prevent ...
Bijlsma Maarten F - - 2008
The developmentally important hedgehog (Hh) pathway is activated in ischemic tissue, and exogenously administered Sonic hedgehog (Shh) supports tissue repair after cardiac ischemia. Hence, it is currently assumed that the endogenous increase in Shh during ischemia serves a beneficial role in limiting cardiac tissue damage. To prove or refute this ...
Hale Sharon L - - 2008
There is increasing evidence that the late sodium current of the sodium channel in myocytes plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of myocardial ischemia and thus is a potential therapeutic target in patients with ischemic heart disease. Ranolazine, an inhibitor of the late sodium current, reduces the frequency and ...
Del Furia Francesca - - 2008
Acute coronary syndromes have been described as potential complications of any type of anaphylactic reaction. The real pathogenic mechanism inducing acute myocardial ischemia in the setting of anaphylaxis is not yet completely understood. Some pathogenic mechanisms, like coronary vasospasm, plaque activation and systemic hypotension, have been suggested. The hypothesis of ...
Knight Richard A - - 2008
This study evaluates whether cardiac ischemia induces release of urocortin, before and independently from myocyte cell death. Urocortin levels rose after 5-min ischemia and peaked after 10-min ischemia, when cell death was not detected. However, myocyte apoptosis and/or necrosis occurred following 20- and 30-min ischemia, which paralleled a fall in ...
Shaw Leslee J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Extent and severity of myocardial ischemia are determinants of risk for patients with coronary artery disease, and ischemia reduction is an important therapeutic goal. The Clinical Outcomes Utilizing Revascularization and Aggressive Drug Evaluation (COURAGE) nuclear substudy compared the effectiveness of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ischemia reduction added to ...
Oi Keiji - - 2008
We have recently demonstrated that the low-energy extracorporeal cardiac shock wave (SW) therapy improves myocardial perfusion and cardiac function in a porcine model of chronic myocardial ischemia and also ameliorates myocardial ischemia in patients with severe coronary artery disease. The present study was designed to examine whether our SW therapy ...
Huang Shijun - - 2008
Arrhythmia-prone epicardial border zone (EBZ) tissues demonstrate decreased G protein-coupled receptor kinase-2 (GRK2) activity and increased sensitivity to isoproterenol 6-24 h after coronary artery ligation in the dog. We previously demonstrated that the ischemia-mediated decrease in GRK2 in cardiac ischemic tissue was largely blocked by proteasome blockade initiated 1 h ...
Chagas Antonio C P - - 2008
Metabolic modulation during myocardial ischemia is possible by the use of specific drugs, which may induce a shift from free fatty acid towards predominantly glucose utilization by the myocardium to increase ATP generation per unit oxygen consumption. Three agents (trimetazidine, ranolazine, and perhexiline) have well-documented anti-ischaemic effects. However, perhexiline, the ...
Sinkiewicz Władysław - - 2008
In the literature there are very few well-documented cases of myocardial ischemia with pathomechanism accompanying allergic reaction. It is defined as Kounis syndrome, i.e. angina pectoris or infarction with allergic etiology. It is suggested, that few few cases of myocardial ischemia after a Hymenoptera sting reported thus far represent only ...
Melloni Chiara - - 2008
Ranolazine is a piperazine derivative believed to reduce anginal symptoms by preventing ischemia-mediated sodium and calcium overload in myocardial cells through inhibition of the late sodium current (late INa). Three small studies demonstrated the antianginal efficacy of ranolazine alone and in combination with betablockers or calcium channel blockers on conventional ...
Vaillant Fanny - - 2008
PURPOSE: Ventricular fibrillation (VF) is a possible consequence of brief myocardial ischemia. Such a short ischemia does not provoke cell damage, but induces changes in intracellular cardiac metabolism due to diminished oxygen supply to the heart. Trimetazidine (TMZ) is a drug able to restore the metabolic balance between fatty acid ...
Brothers Julie A - - 2007
We sought to prospectively evaluate evidence of myocardial ischemia after surgical repair of anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery with an interarterial course (AAOCA). An AAOCA is a rare anomaly associated with increased myocardial ischemia and sudden death risk in children. Data evaluating ischemia after AAOCA repair are limited. ...
Drew Barbara J BJ Department of Physiological Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143-0610, USA. - - 2007
We report on 5 patients who presented to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain, had negative serum troponin levels, and were discharged with a presumed noncardiac diagnosis. Thereafter, retrospective analysis of Holter monitoring data recorded for a clinical trial revealed ST events indicative of transient myocardial ischemia that was ...
Potse Mark - - 2007
Ischemic heart disease is associated with large mortality and morbidity. Understanding of the relations between coronary artery occlusion, geometry of the ischemic region, physiology of ischemia, and the resulting changes in electrocardiogram (ECG) leads and catheter signals is important to support diagnosis and treatment. Computer models play an important role ...
Trapali Christina - - 2008
A case of an 8-day-old preterm neonate with heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, and myocardial ischemia due to hyperthyroidism is reported. Treatment of the disease initially with b-blockers and, upon establishment of hyperthyroidism, with propylthiouracil reversed all cardiac abnormalities. Contrary to the rule, diagnosis of hyperthyroidism in the mother was established ...
Zhao Heng - - 2007
Postconditioning, a series of mechanical interruptions of reperfusion after ischemia, prevents ischemia/reperfusion injury in myocardial infarction. The extensive studies of postconditioning in myocardial infarction have led to clinical trials. This article reviews the protective effects of postconditioning against ischemia from the heart to the brain and provides insights on how ...
Sodha Neel R - - 2008
Chronic myocardial ischemia induces endothelial dysfunction in the coronary microcirculation resulting in impaired nitric oxide signaling. This dysfunction has wide-ranging effects including impaired tissue perfusion and is implicated in impairment of the angiogenic process in settings of endothelial dysfunction. We hypothesized chronic myocardial ischemia results in increased activity of Arginase ...
Aparci Mustafa - - 2007
To improve prognosis in acute coronary syndrome, new clinical applications in terms of diagnosis, risk stratification, and treatment strategies are still under investigation. Ischemia-modified albumin was one of the novel markers of myocardial ischemia. In our study, we aimed to determine the prognostic significance of the albumin cobalt binding capacity ...
Hacker Marcus - - 2007
Ischemia -modified albumin was regarded as an early marker of cardiac ischemia. On the other hand, it has been reported that increased ischemia-modified albumin levels are associated with unstable plaque processes like percutaneous coronary intervention, acute coronary syndrome or myocardial infarction. This prospective study aimed to investigate the role of ...
Phillis Benjamin D - - 2007
Anabolic steroid abuse has been associated with thrombosis and arteriosclerosis, both of which predispose to myocardial ischemia and infarction. However, there are reports of sudden cardiac death in the absence of thrombus and atheroma following anabolic steroid use. Although treatment with the commonly abused steroid, nandrolone, has been shown to ...
Trénor Beatriz - - 2007
Sudden cardiac death is mainly provoked by arrhythmogenic processes. During myocardial ischemia many malignant arrhythmias, such as reentry, take place and can degenerate into ventricular fibrillation. It is thus of great interest to unravel the intricate mechanisms underlying the initiation and maintenance of a reentry. In this computational study, we ...
Tanaka Hideji - - 2007
Early identification of myocardial ischemia during high-dose dobutamine stress (DOB) has important clinical implications. Myocardial strain imaging can evaluate regional myocardial contractility in the radial, longitudinal, and circumferential directions. The aim of this study was to assess precisely the differences in deterioration of myocardial deformation among the 3 directions in ...
Klein Andrew J - - 2007
The development of acute limb ischemia in patients following intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) placement remains a frequent event that presents a significant management challenge. We report two recent cases of this clinical event from our institution, which demonstrate that endovascular therapies may be used to treat acute limb ischemia in ...
Schramm René - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We developed a model for intravital microscopic analysis of the coronary microcirculation in transplanted murine hearts and assessed the influence of cold ischemia on postischemic microcirculatory dysfunctions. METHODS: Murine hearts were exposed to 60 (n = 12) and 240 minutes (n = 8) of cold ischemia before syngeneic heterotopic ...
Fukushima Kenji - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: (201)Thallium (TL), (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin (TF), and (99m)Tc-sestamibi (MIBI) are extensively used as myocardial perfusion agents. The objective of the present study was to evaluate their kinetics under acute ischemia-reperfusion. METHODS: Isolated rat hearts, perfused by the Langendorff method at a constant flow rate of 10 ml/min, were allotted to normal ...
Takagi Hiromitsu - - 2007
We have recently shown that autophagy is induced by ischemia and reperfusion in the mouse heart in vivo. Ischemia stimulates autophagy through an AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK)-dependent mechanism, whereas reperfusion after ischemia stimulates autophagy through a Beclin 1-dependent, but AMPK-independent, mechanism. Autophagy plays distinct roles during ischemia and reperfusion: ...
Gwirtz Patricia A - - 2007
Studies tested the hypothesis that myocardial ischemia induces increased paraspinal muscular tone localized to the T(2)-T(5) region that can be detected by palpatory means. This is consistent with theories of manual medicine suggesting that disturbances in visceral organ physiology can cause increases in skeletal muscle tone in specific muscle groups. ...
Broner Susan - - 2007
Headache as the presenting symptom of myocardial ischemia has been reported in more than 20 cases. These headaches have been described as of gradual onset, associated with exertion and with EKG changes. We present herein the first case of thunderclap headache occurring at rest as the sole symptom of an ...
Labruto Fausto - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Large burns cause systemic inflammation and myocardial depression. We hypothesized that small burns affect cardiac tolerance to ischemia, and that tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) signaling through endothelin-1 (ET) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF kappaB) are associated. METHODS: Mice were randomly assigned to four groups: burn (caused by ...
Ho John - - 2007
The absence of coronary artery calcium (CAC) is associated with minimal atherosclerosis. Nonetheless, morbid and mortal cardiovascular events occur in patients with low CAC. This study attempts to identify whether calcific deposits outside the coronary arteries or traditional cardiovascular risk variables are associated with myocardial ischemia in patients with low ...
Yang Zhao - - 2007
Ventricular arrhythmias are commonly observed in patients with acute coronary occlusion and ischemia. The purpose of the present study is to determine ischemic electrophysiological effects and their role in ischemia-induced arrhythmia. Optical mapping of the membrane potential with voltage-sensitive dyes was used in the study. The mapping was performed with ...
Gibson C Michael - - 2007
Silent ischemia, the most common expression of atherosclerotic heart disease, affects approximately 30-50% of patients during their activities of daily living. The present review provides a comprehensive and practical summary of current knowledge on perioperative myocardial ischemia through MEDLINE searches up to June 2005, using keywords including "silent ischemia," "transient ...
Wolak Arik - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Failure of ST-segment resolution (STR) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) for ST-elevation myocardial infarction is associated with adverse outcome but currently cannot be predicted on admission. Our aim was to determine whether failure of STR can be predicted from clinical and electrocardiographic data available on admission and whether ...
Cho Dae Kyoung - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Ischemia-modified albumin, a new marker of myocardial ischemia, is known to elevate during ischemia induced by percutaneous coronary intervention. It is, however, not known whether ischemia-modified albumin also elevates during transient coronary vasospasm. METHODS: We evaluated ischemia-modified albumin in patients undergoing intracoronary ergonovine spasm provocation test (n=26). For additional ...
Sharma Rajan - - 2007
The outcome of acute coronary syndromes is usually poor in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and the early detection of myocardial ischemia is therefore essential in this group. However, the diagnosis of ischemina is often problematic in patients with ESRD, as cardiac symptoms and electrocardiography are not reliable predictors ...
Wittnich Carin - - 2007
Altered metabolic responses of the newborn heart to ischemia, which may increase irreversible injury, may at least partially explain the greater morbidity and mortality experienced by some children undergoing congenital cardiac repair. The present study compared newborn heart metabolic responses to global ischemia with those of adult, and evaluated whether ...
Wada Amy - - 2007
Indications of myocardial ischemia should be treated quickly and effectively to avoid permanent myocardial damage. This article describes a case of myocardial ischemia detected in the postanesthesia care unit following an excision of a facial/neck hematoma in an 83-year-old male. The patient had undergone extensive facial reconstructive surgery for squamous ...
Kress John P - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of myocardial ischemia in mechanically ventilated patients with coronary risk factors and compare periods of sedative interruption vs. sedative infusion. DESIGN: Prospective, blinded observational study. SETTING: Medical intensive care unit of tertiary care medical center. PATIENTS: Intubated, mechanically ventilated patients with established coronary artery disease ...
Martin Claus - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Nitric oxide (NO) synthesis by NO synthases (NOS) requires oxygen. However, although counterintuitive, NO synthesis is increased in ischemic myocardium. Accordingly, mechanisms independent of the NOS pathway have been suggested to contribute to NO synthesis during ischemia. NO initiates detrimental as well as protective mechanisms in a concentration-dependent manner, ...
Liu Jian-Xun - - 2007
AIM: To develop a new model of myocardial ischemia in Chinese miniature swine and reevaluate the cardioprotective effects of diltiazem. METHODS: Myocardial ischemia was induced by injecting self-embolus into the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery in qualified miniature swine. Diltiazem (5 mg. kg(-1). d(-1)) was orally administered to the ...
Ahmed Amany H - - 2007
Silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) is increasingly being recognized as part of the spectrum of ischemic heart disease. The spectrum of SMI ranges from asymptomatic coronary artery disease to critical illness necessitating intensive care. Although many diagnostic tools have been used to identify low- and high-risk subgroups, their use is limited ...
Ma Longle - - 2007
To investigate the impact of acute subendocardial ischemia on the dispersion of ventricular refractory periods. Acute subendocardial ischemia was induced in sheep by partial ligation of the left circumflex coronary artery and rapid pacing of the left atrium. The ventricular effective refractory period (ERP) was measured in five areas of ...
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