Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1145
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Brouwers Arno G A - - 2010
We report a term neonate presenting after birth with shock and cyanosis for which he was intubated. Echocardiography showed no contractions of the left ventricle. Systemic circulation was provided by the right ventricle via shunting through the arterial duct. Left ventricular dysfunction was confirmed by electrocardiography and increased troponin T ...
Kofoed Klaus F - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of a deferred invasive treatment strategy on long-term outcome in patients with a post-thrombolytic Q-wave myocardial infarction and inducible myocardial ischemia. DESIGN: Patients (N=751) with post-thrombolytic Q-wave myocardial infarction and inducible ischemia (angina pectoris or silent myocardial ischemia) ...
Muller Olivier - - 2010
The initial evaluation of chest pain in the emergency department is based on the patient's clinical history, changes in the ECG and necrosis biomarkers. Although management of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction with positive markers of myocardial damage is well defined, exclusion of coronary artery disease ...
Mitchell T - - 2010
A 66-year-old male presented with posterior myocardial infarction and painless rectal bleeding. He was treated for acute coronary event but despite extensive investigations the cause of his lower gastrointestinal bleeding remained elusive. Patient died 5 days after admission. Postmortem examination showed evidence of severe atherosclerosis and thrombosis in branches of ...
Hinkel Rabea - - 2010
Acute myocardial infarction is still one of the leading causes of death in the industrial nations. Even after successful revascularization, myocardial ischemia results in a loss of cardiomyocytes and scar formation. Embryonic EPCs (eEPCs), retroinfused into the ischemic region of the pig heart, provided rapid paracrine benefit to acute and ...
Zhang Hong - - 2010
Ventricular arrhythmias are commonly observed in patients with ischemia. It is reported that the electrophysiological changes evoked by ischemia are greater in the epicardium than in the endocardium. To investigate the effects of this heterogeneity on transmural reentry, the computer simulation method is used. A two-dimensional model which can reproduce ...
Varnavas Varnavas C - - 2010
BACKGROUND/AIM: Application of ischemic injury in a remote organ may provide protection of other tissues against ischemia. We hypothesized that ischemia in the rabbit hind limb protects against myocardial ischemia by increasing angiogenesis/arteriogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the first experiment, severe limb ischemia (LI) was induced in 26 New Zealand ...
Caillaud Dominique - - 2010
Despite much progress in the medical management of myocardial ischemia, several problems remain and experimental models help to improve our understanding of the pathophysiology involved in this domain. The ameroid constrictor model is the most widely used to create ischemia but evaluation of patent ischemia is still under debate. In ...
Ho C P - - 2010
A case report of silent myocardial ischemia in a man with C5 AIS A (American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale) tetraplegia during an episode of autonomic dysreflexia (AD). The aim of this study was to show a clinical presentation of myocardial ischemia in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). A ...
Lee Dong-Hyeon - - 2010
There is little data about the additive effects of ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) on the exercise stress test (EST) used for the screening of ischemic heart disease. The relationship between myocardial ischemic burden and the change in IMA (DeltaIMA) during EST was investigated. EST was performed using the Bruce protocol to ...
Janousek O - - 2010
Three-dimensional electrogram was used for analysis of ischemia manifestation in isolated hearts. Three parameters based on spherical coordination system were used in this study - amplitude of electrical heart vector, its azimuth and elevation. The parameters were presented as a trend. This approach reflected ischemic changes in a manner which ...
Otani Harunori - - 2010
BACKGROUND: No previous study has investigated the association of kidney dysfunction with silent lacunar infarcts and white-matter hyperintensity (WMH) independent of ambulatory blood pressure (BP). METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 1,008 participants (mean age 66 years) from a general population of Ohasama, Japan, was conducted. Calculated creatinine clearance (CCr) was ...
Cocco Giuseppe - - 2010
Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is one of the most common small- and medium-sized necrotizing vasculitides that mainly affects the upper and lower respiratory tract and the kidneys. Cardiac manifestations in WG are relatively rare, and their role and place among different causes of mortality remain largely unknown. Substantially increased number of ...
Odigie-Okon Esosa - - 2010
The aim of this pilot study was to test the hypothesis that myocardial ischemia complicates the management of some patients with chest-pain-free chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations. In this prospective, observational, cohort study, patients admitted to a 350-bed community teaching hospital, with dyspnea and a primary diagnosis of COPD ...
Pinedo Marta M Servicio de Cardiología y Cirugía Cardiaca, Instituto de Ciencias del Corazón (ICICOR), Hospital Clínico Universitario, Valladolid, Spain; Laboratorio de Análisis de Imagen Cardiaca (ICICORELAB), Servicio de Cardiología y Cirugía Cardiaca, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Valladolid, - - 2010
Echocardiographic evaluation of right ventricular systolic function remains subject to debate because of the anatomic peculiarities of the right ventricle. Several methods have been developed for quantifying right ventricular systolic function. The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and reproducibility of a number of echocardiographic parameters by ...
Ootsuji Hiroshi - - 2010
Acute coronary syndrome is sometimes accompanied by accelerated coagulability, lipid metabolism, and inflammatory responses, which are not attributable to the cardiac events alone. We hypothesized that the liver plays a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of acute coronary syndrome. We simultaneously analyzed the gene expression profiles of the liver and ...
Cakar Mehmet Akif - - 2009
Cardiac myxomas are histologically benign tumors but they may be lethal because of their strategic position. They have variable presentations and excellent prognosis after surgical excision. Left atrial myxomas may mimic mitral stenosis and is very rarely associated with pleural effusion. We presented a case of left atrial myxoma blocking ...
Jie Xiao - - 2010
Although ventricular premature beats (VPBs) during acute regional ischemia have been linked to mechanical stretch of ischemic tissue, whether and how ischemia-induced mechanical dysfunction can induce VPBs and facilitate their degradation into reentrant arrhythmias has not been yet addressed. This study used a novel multiscale electromechanical model of the rabbit ...
Yao Zhangyu - - 2009
The anti-anginal drug Ranolazine, a partial fatty acid oxidation (pFOX) inhibitor, is thought to modulate the metabolism during myocardial ischemia by activating pyruvate dehydrogenase activity to promote glucose oxidation. Ranolazine and its five principal metabolites: CVT-2512, CVT-2513, CVT-2514, CVT-2738 and CVT-4786, were synthesized. The effect of Ranolazine and its metabolites ...
Halvorsen Per Steinar - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Myocardial ischemia may be detected with epicardial accelerometers. We developed and tested automated algorithms for real-time detection of myocardial ischemia by accelerometer measurements in both experimental and clinical settings. METHODS: In 10 pigs, an accelerometer was fixed to the epicardium in the area perfused by left anterior descending coronary ...
Song Young-Mok - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the location of subcortical silent infarcts differs from that of symptomatic lacunar infarcts. METHODS: 32 silent infarcts and 59 acute lacunar infarcts located in the corona radiata were examined. The relative anterior-to-posterior locations of the silent infarcts in the corona radiata were compared with those of ...
Ardell Jeffrey L - - 2009
Populations of intrathoracic extracardiac neurons transduce myocardial ischemia, thereby contributing to sympathetic control of regional cardiac indices during such pathology. Our objective was to determine whether electrical neuromodulation using spinal cord stimulation (SCS) modulates such local reflex control. In 10 anesthetized canines, middle cervical ganglion neurons were identified that transduce ...
Romero Lucía - - 2009
During acute myocardial ischemia, reentrant episodes may lead to ventricular fibrillation (VF), giving rise to potentially mortal arrhythmias. VF has been traditionally related to dispersion of refractoriness and more recently to the source-sink relationship. Our goal is to theoretically investigate the relative role of dispersion of refractoriness and source-sink mismatch ...
Walker T Gregory - - 2009
Acute limb ischemia occurs when there is an abrupt interruption of blood flow to an extremity usually because of either embolic or thrombotic vascular occlusion. When profound ischemia ensues, this represents an emergency in which restoration of perfusion through early intervention can lead to limb salvage, whereas delay may result ...
Schoenenberger Andreas Wolfgang - - 2009
The occurrence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with silent ischemia after myocardial infarction (MI) and the factors facilitating SCD are unknown. This study aimed to determine the factors facilitating SCD in patients with silent ischemia after MI. In the Swiss Interventional Study on Silent Ischemia Type II (SWISSI ...
Murphy Brian P - - 2009
Detailed studies over the past 30 years have built up an impressive evidence base for the presence of myocardial ischemia in patients who have hypertension. This relationship ranges from the obvious association with obstructive coronary artery disease to mechanisms related to hemodynamic, microcirculatory, and neuroendocrine abnormalities. All of these factors ...
Hu Qingsong - - 2009
We performed the present study to determine whether hibernating myocardium is chronically protected from ischemia. Myocardial tissue was rapidly excised from hibernating left anterior descending coronary regions (systolic wall thickening = 2.8 +/- 0.2 vs. 5.4 +/- 0.3 mm in remote myocardium), and high-energy phosphates were quantified by HPLC during ...
Sambuceti Gianmario - - 2009
Risk stratification and prevention of future cardiac events is an extremely relevant part of the daily medical practice in the large population of asymptomatic or scarcely symptomatic patients. The strategies available to this purpose encompass programs intended either to reduce progression and complications of atherosclerosis, and revascularization procedures aimed to ...
Scirica Benjamin M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between ischemia detected on continuous electrocardiographic (cECG) recording and cardiovascular outcomes after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). BACKGROUND: The small size of prior studies evaluating cECG prevented full evaluation of the risk associated with ischemia across subpopulations and compared with ...
Wang Sicen - - 2009
A new fluorenone alkaloid (caulophine) was isolated from the radix of Caulophyllum robustum Maxim. (collected from the Qinling mountains) using cell membrane chromatography as the screening method. Caulophine was identified as 3-(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)-4,5-dihydroxy-1,6-dimethoxy-9H-fluoren-9-one based on physicochemic and spectroscopic analyses, particularly by NMR spectroscopic data (i.e., COSY, HMQC, HMBC, NOESY). Caulophine possessed ...
Richard Conti C - - 2009
In this editorial, I would like to share some thoughts about clinical studies, including value and limitations using as an example a recently published randomized clinical trial. Randomized and non-randomized clinical trials, epidemiologic studies, and registries guide our clinical practice. They are good but not perfect. Why is this the ...
Gutterman David D - - 2009
Although much progress has been made in reducing mortality from ischemic cardiovascular disease, this condition remains the leading cause of death throughout the world. This might in part be due to the fact that over half of patients have a catastrophic event (heart attack or sudden death) as their initial ...
Kapur Sunil - - 2009
Cardiac cellular Ca(2+) transient (CaT) alternans and electrocardiographic T-wave alternans (TWA) often develop in myocardial ischemia, but the mechanisms for this relationship have not been elucidated. Acidosis is a major component of ischemia, but there is no direct evidence linking acidosis-induced cellular CaT alternans to ischemia-induced CaT alternans and TWA ...
Dattilo Giuseppe - - 2010
Echocardiographic strain with strain rate imaging is a new technology enabling more reliable and comprehensive assessment of myocardial function. The spectrum of potential clinical applications is very wide due to its ability to differentiate between active and passive movement of myocardial segments, to quantify intraventricular dyssynchrony and to evaluate components ...
Alioglu Emin - - 2011
Erythropoietin provides cellular protection by inhibiting apoptosis. Myocardial damage related to the cardiac ischemia is more prominent especially in the first 6 h. In the present study, circulatory erythropoietin levels in response to cardiac ischemia were evaluated. Patients with stable angina who underwent balloon angioplasty (study group, n=55) and hospitalized for ...
Lee Eunyoung - - 2009
AIMS/METHODS: To investigate whether diastolic third or fourth heart sounds (S3 or S4) detect myocardial ischemia independently or in combination with the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), a prospective comparison study was conducted in a group with ischemia induced by percutaneous coronary intervention (n=19) and a non-ischemia group (n=18) without coronary artery ...
Gaze David C - - 2009
The diagnosis of cardiac ischemia remains a challenge in contemporary emergency medicine. A blood-borne biomarker is an attractive alternative to cardiac imaging or stress testing as it would be cheaper and logistically faster to obtain. A number of candidate biomarkers have been proposed for the detection of cardiac ischemia; however, ...
Bogers Ad J J C - - 2009
In the initial postoperative period after a Fontan-type operation for a univentricular circulation, cardiac output information is important, but cannot be provided by conventional methods due to the surgical reconstruction of the heart. In this regard we investigated the feasibility of epi-aortic Doppler measurements in order to calculate cardiac output. ...
Kolk Mandy V V - - 2009
Research models of infarction and myocardial ischemia are essential to investigate the acute and chronic pathobiological and pathophysiological processes in myocardial ischemia and to develop and optimize future treatment. Two different methods of creating myocardial ischemia are performed in laboratory rodents. The first method is to create cryo infarction, a ...
Augoustides John G T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Acute type A aortic dissection is a surgical emergency, with an operative mortality as high as 25%. Ischemia is a known predictor of mortality. We tested the efficacy of a classification system--the Penn classification, which is based on ischemic pattern at clinical presentation--to stratify operative mortality risk and identify ...
Halvorsen Per Steinar - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the feasibility of continuous detection of myocardial ischemia during cardiac surgery with a 3-axis accelerometer. METHODS: Ten patients with significant left anterior descending coronary artery stenosis underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. A 3-axis accelerometer (11 x 14 x 5 mm) was sutured onto the left anterior ...
Regan Christopher P - - 2009
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a sensory neuropeptide that also has potent vasodilator activity. There are conflicting preclinical reports regarding the effect of CGRP receptor antagonism in the setting of myocardial ischemia. The present study was conducted in a canine model in which regional myocardial ischemia was reproducibly evoked by ...
Stone Peter H - - 2008
Ranolazine, which was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in January 2006, provides a mechanism of action to treat ischemia that has not hitherto been available. Ranolazine is effective in reducing manifestations of ischemia and angina, and it also holds potential promise to be effective in the management ...
Krayenbühl Niklaus - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Silent ischemic events are known to occur during diagnostic and interventional endovascular procedures between 10% and 69% of the time. The occurrence of silent and symptomatic ischemic events in the surgically treated population is not known, although atherosclerotic changes of intracranial vessels or within the aneurysms wall ...
Fu Liang-Wu - - 2008
Clinical and experimental evidence has shown that myocardial ischemia activates cardiac spinal afferents that mediate sympathoexcitatory reflex responses. During myocardial ischemia, thromboxane A2 (TxA2) is released in large quantities by activated platelets in the coronary circulation of patients with coronary artery disease. We hypothesized that endogenous TxA2 contributes to sympathoexcitatory ...
Thygesen Kristian - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Myocardial infarction is a clinical diagnosis based on clinical presentation and laboratory tests. Clinicians have often defined myocardial infarction in different ways. In order to have a consistent universal definition, the four major international cardiac societies recently completed a consensus to define myocardial infarction in a universally ...
Staub Daniel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The role of the arginine-vasopressin (AVP) system in the response to myocardial ischemia is unclear. Copeptin, the C-terminal part of the AVP prohormone is secreted stoichiometrically with AVP. METHODS: A total of 253 consecutive patients with suspected myocardial ischemia referred for rest/ergometry myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) ...
Lee Seung-Hoon - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Both statin and hypothermia protect the brain from focal cerebral ischemia. In this study, we sought to determine whether statin pretreatment enhances the efficacy of hypothermia and extends the therapeutic time window of hypothermia. METHODS: Rats were subjected to focal cerebral ischemia for 2 h. Initially, we tested the ...
Lee Seung Soo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine computed tomographic findings that are helpful in differentiating transmural infarction from nontransmural ischemia in patients with mesenteric ischemia secondary to acute mesenteric venous thrombosis (MVT). METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with symptomatic acute MVT were categorized into 2 groups: a transmural infarction (n = 13) and a nontransmural ischemia ...
Salami Ali - - 2008
Acute limb ischemia is a surgical emergency as a delay in reperfusion is associated with a high risk of irreversible tissue infarction potentially leading to limb loss and death. However, in medically compromised patients, perioperative morbidity and mortality remain high. An elderly woman with multiple comorbidities developed acute bilateral lower ...
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