Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1119
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Schoenenberger Andreas Wolfgang - - 2009
The occurrence of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with silent ischemia after myocardial infarction (MI) and the factors facilitating SCD are unknown. This study aimed to determine the factors facilitating SCD in patients with silent ischemia after MI. In the Swiss Interventional Study on Silent Ischemia Type II (SWISSI ...
Murphy Brian P - - 2009
Detailed studies over the past 30 years have built up an impressive evidence base for the presence of myocardial ischemia in patients who have hypertension. This relationship ranges from the obvious association with obstructive coronary artery disease to mechanisms related to hemodynamic, microcirculatory, and neuroendocrine abnormalities. All of these factors ...
Hu Qingsong - - 2009
We performed the present study to determine whether hibernating myocardium is chronically protected from ischemia. Myocardial tissue was rapidly excised from hibernating left anterior descending coronary regions (systolic wall thickening = 2.8 +/- 0.2 vs. 5.4 +/- 0.3 mm in remote myocardium), and high-energy phosphates were quantified by HPLC during ...
Sambuceti Gianmario - - 2009
Risk stratification and prevention of future cardiac events is an extremely relevant part of the daily medical practice in the large population of asymptomatic or scarcely symptomatic patients. The strategies available to this purpose encompass programs intended either to reduce progression and complications of atherosclerosis, and revascularization procedures aimed to ...
Scirica Benjamin M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between ischemia detected on continuous electrocardiographic (cECG) recording and cardiovascular outcomes after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). BACKGROUND: The small size of prior studies evaluating cECG prevented full evaluation of the risk associated with ischemia across subpopulations and compared with ...
Wang Sicen - - 2009
A new fluorenone alkaloid (caulophine) was isolated from the radix of Caulophyllum robustum Maxim. (collected from the Qinling mountains) using cell membrane chromatography as the screening method. Caulophine was identified as 3-(2-(dimethylamino)ethyl)-4,5-dihydroxy-1,6-dimethoxy-9H-fluoren-9-one based on physicochemic and spectroscopic analyses, particularly by NMR spectroscopic data (i.e., COSY, HMQC, HMBC, NOESY). Caulophine possessed ...
Richard Conti C - - 2009
In this editorial, I would like to share some thoughts about clinical studies, including value and limitations using as an example a recently published randomized clinical trial. Randomized and non-randomized clinical trials, epidemiologic studies, and registries guide our clinical practice. They are good but not perfect. Why is this the ...
Gutterman David D - - 2009
Although much progress has been made in reducing mortality from ischemic cardiovascular disease, this condition remains the leading cause of death throughout the world. This might in part be due to the fact that over half of patients have a catastrophic event (heart attack or sudden death) as their initial ...
Kapur Sunil - - 2009
Cardiac cellular Ca(2+) transient (CaT) alternans and electrocardiographic T-wave alternans (TWA) often develop in myocardial ischemia, but the mechanisms for this relationship have not been elucidated. Acidosis is a major component of ischemia, but there is no direct evidence linking acidosis-induced cellular CaT alternans to ischemia-induced CaT alternans and TWA ...
Dattilo Giuseppe - - 2010
Echocardiographic strain with strain rate imaging is a new technology enabling more reliable and comprehensive assessment of myocardial function. The spectrum of potential clinical applications is very wide due to its ability to differentiate between active and passive movement of myocardial segments, to quantify intraventricular dyssynchrony and to evaluate components ...
Alioglu Emin - - 2011
Erythropoietin provides cellular protection by inhibiting apoptosis. Myocardial damage related to the cardiac ischemia is more prominent especially in the first 6 h. In the present study, circulatory erythropoietin levels in response to cardiac ischemia were evaluated. Patients with stable angina who underwent balloon angioplasty (study group, n=55) and hospitalized for ...
Lee Eunyoung - - 2009
AIMS/METHODS: To investigate whether diastolic third or fourth heart sounds (S3 or S4) detect myocardial ischemia independently or in combination with the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), a prospective comparison study was conducted in a group with ischemia induced by percutaneous coronary intervention (n=19) and a non-ischemia group (n=18) without coronary artery ...
Gaze David C - - 2009
The diagnosis of cardiac ischemia remains a challenge in contemporary emergency medicine. A blood-borne biomarker is an attractive alternative to cardiac imaging or stress testing as it would be cheaper and logistically faster to obtain. A number of candidate biomarkers have been proposed for the detection of cardiac ischemia; however, ...
Bogers Ad J J C - - 2009
In the initial postoperative period after a Fontan-type operation for a univentricular circulation, cardiac output information is important, but cannot be provided by conventional methods due to the surgical reconstruction of the heart. In this regard we investigated the feasibility of epi-aortic Doppler measurements in order to calculate cardiac output. ...
Kolk Mandy V V - - 2009
Research models of infarction and myocardial ischemia are essential to investigate the acute and chronic pathobiological and pathophysiological processes in myocardial ischemia and to develop and optimize future treatment. Two different methods of creating myocardial ischemia are performed in laboratory rodents. The first method is to create cryo infarction, a ...
Augoustides John G T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Acute type A aortic dissection is a surgical emergency, with an operative mortality as high as 25%. Ischemia is a known predictor of mortality. We tested the efficacy of a classification system--the Penn classification, which is based on ischemic pattern at clinical presentation--to stratify operative mortality risk and identify ...
Halvorsen Per Steinar - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the feasibility of continuous detection of myocardial ischemia during cardiac surgery with a 3-axis accelerometer. METHODS: Ten patients with significant left anterior descending coronary artery stenosis underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. A 3-axis accelerometer (11 x 14 x 5 mm) was sutured onto the left anterior ...
Regan Christopher P - - 2009
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a sensory neuropeptide that also has potent vasodilator activity. There are conflicting preclinical reports regarding the effect of CGRP receptor antagonism in the setting of myocardial ischemia. The present study was conducted in a canine model in which regional myocardial ischemia was reproducibly evoked by ...
Stone Peter H - - 2008
Ranolazine, which was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in January 2006, provides a mechanism of action to treat ischemia that has not hitherto been available. Ranolazine is effective in reducing manifestations of ischemia and angina, and it also holds potential promise to be effective in the management ...
Krayenbühl Niklaus - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Silent ischemic events are known to occur during diagnostic and interventional endovascular procedures between 10% and 69% of the time. The occurrence of silent and symptomatic ischemic events in the surgically treated population is not known, although atherosclerotic changes of intracranial vessels or within the aneurysms wall ...
Fu Liang-Wu - - 2008
Clinical and experimental evidence has shown that myocardial ischemia activates cardiac spinal afferents that mediate sympathoexcitatory reflex responses. During myocardial ischemia, thromboxane A2 (TxA2) is released in large quantities by activated platelets in the coronary circulation of patients with coronary artery disease. We hypothesized that endogenous TxA2 contributes to sympathoexcitatory ...
Thygesen Kristian - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Myocardial infarction is a clinical diagnosis based on clinical presentation and laboratory tests. Clinicians have often defined myocardial infarction in different ways. In order to have a consistent universal definition, the four major international cardiac societies recently completed a consensus to define myocardial infarction in a universally ...
Staub Daniel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The role of the arginine-vasopressin (AVP) system in the response to myocardial ischemia is unclear. Copeptin, the C-terminal part of the AVP prohormone is secreted stoichiometrically with AVP. METHODS: A total of 253 consecutive patients with suspected myocardial ischemia referred for rest/ergometry myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) ...
Lee Seung-Hoon - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Both statin and hypothermia protect the brain from focal cerebral ischemia. In this study, we sought to determine whether statin pretreatment enhances the efficacy of hypothermia and extends the therapeutic time window of hypothermia. METHODS: Rats were subjected to focal cerebral ischemia for 2 h. Initially, we tested the ...
Lee Seung Soo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine computed tomographic findings that are helpful in differentiating transmural infarction from nontransmural ischemia in patients with mesenteric ischemia secondary to acute mesenteric venous thrombosis (MVT). METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with symptomatic acute MVT were categorized into 2 groups: a transmural infarction (n = 13) and a nontransmural ischemia ...
Salami Ali - - 2008
Acute limb ischemia is a surgical emergency as a delay in reperfusion is associated with a high risk of irreversible tissue infarction potentially leading to limb loss and death. However, in medically compromised patients, perioperative morbidity and mortality remain high. An elderly woman with multiple comorbidities developed acute bilateral lower ...
Romano Stefania - - 2008
In the acute obstructive syndrome, beyond the evaluation of the morphologic findings of the intestine (e.g. dilation, air-fluid level, whirl sign, transition point), it is important to consider the pathophysiology of the bowel wall in order to better estimate the status of viability, the degree of the obstruction and the ...
Nakagawa Masahiro - - 2008
Cardiac dysfunction during hemorrhagic shock (HS) is associated with myocardial ischemia, during which adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels can be activated. We investigated the role of K(ATP) channels in HS-induced myocardial ischemia. Canine HS was induced using an aortic reservoir to maintain the aortic pressure at a constant 40 ...
Fayad Ashraf - - 2008
Introduction: Isolated Systolic Hypertension (ISH) is increasingly recognized as a cardiovascular risk1. It is associated with aging and accounts for 65% of uncontrolled hypertension. The WHO reports that suboptimal BP (> 115 mm Hg SBP) is responsible for 62% of cerebrovascular disease and 49% of ischemic heart disease. The relationship ...
De Hert S G - - 2008
Ischemic heart disease is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in the Western world. With the advancing age of the surgical population, anesthesiologists increasingly have to treat patients with known or suspected ischemic heart disease in the perioperative period. Over the years various strategies have been developed to prevent ...
Bijlsma Maarten F - - 2008
The developmentally important hedgehog (Hh) pathway is activated in ischemic tissue, and exogenously administered Sonic hedgehog (Shh) supports tissue repair after cardiac ischemia. Hence, it is currently assumed that the endogenous increase in Shh during ischemia serves a beneficial role in limiting cardiac tissue damage. To prove or refute this ...
Hale Sharon L - - 2008
There is increasing evidence that the late sodium current of the sodium channel in myocytes plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of myocardial ischemia and thus is a potential therapeutic target in patients with ischemic heart disease. Ranolazine, an inhibitor of the late sodium current, reduces the frequency and ...
Del Furia Francesca - - 2008
Acute coronary syndromes have been described as potential complications of any type of anaphylactic reaction. The real pathogenic mechanism inducing acute myocardial ischemia in the setting of anaphylaxis is not yet completely understood. Some pathogenic mechanisms, like coronary vasospasm, plaque activation and systemic hypotension, have been suggested. The hypothesis of ...
Knight Richard A - - 2008
This study evaluates whether cardiac ischemia induces release of urocortin, before and independently from myocyte cell death. Urocortin levels rose after 5-min ischemia and peaked after 10-min ischemia, when cell death was not detected. However, myocyte apoptosis and/or necrosis occurred following 20- and 30-min ischemia, which paralleled a fall in ...
Shaw Leslee J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Extent and severity of myocardial ischemia are determinants of risk for patients with coronary artery disease, and ischemia reduction is an important therapeutic goal. The Clinical Outcomes Utilizing Revascularization and Aggressive Drug Evaluation (COURAGE) nuclear substudy compared the effectiveness of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ischemia reduction added to ...
Oi Keiji - - 2008
We have recently demonstrated that the low-energy extracorporeal cardiac shock wave (SW) therapy improves myocardial perfusion and cardiac function in a porcine model of chronic myocardial ischemia and also ameliorates myocardial ischemia in patients with severe coronary artery disease. The present study was designed to examine whether our SW therapy ...
Huang Shijun - - 2008
Arrhythmia-prone epicardial border zone (EBZ) tissues demonstrate decreased G protein-coupled receptor kinase-2 (GRK2) activity and increased sensitivity to isoproterenol 6-24 h after coronary artery ligation in the dog. We previously demonstrated that the ischemia-mediated decrease in GRK2 in cardiac ischemic tissue was largely blocked by proteasome blockade initiated 1 h ...
Chagas Antonio C P - - 2008
Metabolic modulation during myocardial ischemia is possible by the use of specific drugs, which may induce a shift from free fatty acid towards predominantly glucose utilization by the myocardium to increase ATP generation per unit oxygen consumption. Three agents (trimetazidine, ranolazine, and perhexiline) have well-documented anti-ischaemic effects. However, perhexiline, the ...
Sinkiewicz Władysław - - 2008
In the literature there are very few well-documented cases of myocardial ischemia with pathomechanism accompanying allergic reaction. It is defined as Kounis syndrome, i.e. angina pectoris or infarction with allergic etiology. It is suggested, that few few cases of myocardial ischemia after a Hymenoptera sting reported thus far represent only ...
Melloni Chiara - - 2008
Ranolazine is a piperazine derivative believed to reduce anginal symptoms by preventing ischemia-mediated sodium and calcium overload in myocardial cells through inhibition of the late sodium current (late INa). Three small studies demonstrated the antianginal efficacy of ranolazine alone and in combination with betablockers or calcium channel blockers on conventional ...
Vaillant Fanny - - 2008
PURPOSE: Ventricular fibrillation (VF) is a possible consequence of brief myocardial ischemia. Such a short ischemia does not provoke cell damage, but induces changes in intracellular cardiac metabolism due to diminished oxygen supply to the heart. Trimetazidine (TMZ) is a drug able to restore the metabolic balance between fatty acid ...
Brothers Julie A - - 2007
We sought to prospectively evaluate evidence of myocardial ischemia after surgical repair of anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery with an interarterial course (AAOCA). An AAOCA is a rare anomaly associated with increased myocardial ischemia and sudden death risk in children. Data evaluating ischemia after AAOCA repair are limited. ...
Drew Barbara J BJ Department of Physiological Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143-0610, USA. - - 2007
We report on 5 patients who presented to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain, had negative serum troponin levels, and were discharged with a presumed noncardiac diagnosis. Thereafter, retrospective analysis of Holter monitoring data recorded for a clinical trial revealed ST events indicative of transient myocardial ischemia that was ...
Potse Mark - - 2007
Ischemic heart disease is associated with large mortality and morbidity. Understanding of the relations between coronary artery occlusion, geometry of the ischemic region, physiology of ischemia, and the resulting changes in electrocardiogram (ECG) leads and catheter signals is important to support diagnosis and treatment. Computer models play an important role ...
Trapali Christina - - 2008
A case of an 8-day-old preterm neonate with heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, and myocardial ischemia due to hyperthyroidism is reported. Treatment of the disease initially with b-blockers and, upon establishment of hyperthyroidism, with propylthiouracil reversed all cardiac abnormalities. Contrary to the rule, diagnosis of hyperthyroidism in the mother was established ...
Zhao Heng - - 2007
Postconditioning, a series of mechanical interruptions of reperfusion after ischemia, prevents ischemia/reperfusion injury in myocardial infarction. The extensive studies of postconditioning in myocardial infarction have led to clinical trials. This article reviews the protective effects of postconditioning against ischemia from the heart to the brain and provides insights on how ...
Sodha Neel R - - 2008
Chronic myocardial ischemia induces endothelial dysfunction in the coronary microcirculation resulting in impaired nitric oxide signaling. This dysfunction has wide-ranging effects including impaired tissue perfusion and is implicated in impairment of the angiogenic process in settings of endothelial dysfunction. We hypothesized chronic myocardial ischemia results in increased activity of Arginase ...
Aparci Mustafa - - 2007
To improve prognosis in acute coronary syndrome, new clinical applications in terms of diagnosis, risk stratification, and treatment strategies are still under investigation. Ischemia-modified albumin was one of the novel markers of myocardial ischemia. In our study, we aimed to determine the prognostic significance of the albumin cobalt binding capacity ...
Hacker Marcus - - 2007
Ischemia -modified albumin was regarded as an early marker of cardiac ischemia. On the other hand, it has been reported that increased ischemia-modified albumin levels are associated with unstable plaque processes like percutaneous coronary intervention, acute coronary syndrome or myocardial infarction. This prospective study aimed to investigate the role of ...
Phillis Benjamin D - - 2007
Anabolic steroid abuse has been associated with thrombosis and arteriosclerosis, both of which predispose to myocardial ischemia and infarction. However, there are reports of sudden cardiac death in the absence of thrombus and atheroma following anabolic steroid use. Although treatment with the commonly abused steroid, nandrolone, has been shown to ...
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