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Results 51 - 100 of 1145
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Igarashi Yuko - - 2013
Background: The detection of significant coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with heart failure (HF) from left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction is crucial. We evaluated the usefulness of LV mechanical dyssynchrony as assessed by phase analysis compared with conventional gated single-photon emission computed tomography to identify ischemic etiology in patients with ...
Opolski Maksymilian P - - 2013
To determine the application of advanced coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) plaque analysis for predicting invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) in intermediate coronary lesions. Sixty-one patients with 71 single intermediate coronary lesions (≥50-80% stenosis) on CCTA prospectively underwent coronary angiography and FFR. Advanced anatomical and morphometric plaque analysis was performed ...
Dizon José M JM Columbia University, New York, NY, - - 2014
ST-segment resolution (STR) after reperfusion therapy has been shown to correlate with prognosis in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We investigated whether acute ECG measurements also correlate with ultimate infarct size. The INFUSE-AMI trial randomized 452 patients with anterior STEMI to intracoronary bolus abciximab vs. no abciximab, and ...
Fernández Peralbo María Auxiliadora - - 2013
A targeted approach has been applied to quantitative analysis of eicosanoids derived from omega-6 fatty acids in serum from individuals diagnosed with coronary artery disease (CAD). The target metabolites were series-2 prostaglandins, thromboxane B2, hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids, and hydroxyoctadecadienoic acids. The method was based on SPELC-MS/MS in selected reaction monitoring mode ...
Leibundgut Gregor - - 2013
In ISAR-REACT-4 (abciximab and heparin vs. bivalirudin for non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction [NSTEMI]), bivalirudin reduced the risk of bleeding after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) compared with unfractionated heparin plus abciximab (UFH + abciximab). Vascular closure devices (VCDs) may also prevent bleeding complications, and thus attenuate the benefit of bivalirudin. This analysis examined whether ...
Nasario-Junior O O Laboratório de Processamento de Sinais, Programa de Engenharia Biomédica, COPPE, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, PO box: 68510, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21941-972, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2013
The athlete's heart represents a reversible structural and functional adaptations of myocardial tissue developed through physical conditioning. Surface electrocardiogram (ECG) has the capability to detect myocardial hypertrophy but has limited performance in monitoring physical conditioning-induced myocardial remodeling. The aim of this study was to develop an ECG-derived test for detecting ...
Nakaura Takeshi - - 2013
Myocardial bridging is a common finding on multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT). The segment proximal to a myocardial bridge is frequently atherosclerotic, although the tunneled segment is spared. This study aimed to investigate whether myocardial bridging identified by MDCT is an independent risk factor for coronary atherosclerosis. Patients (n=188) with suspected ...
Ceelen Felix - - 2013
Restoration of sinus rhythm may result in an improvement of left heart function in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) feature tracking (FT) technique may help detect subtle wall-motion abnormalities. Consequently this study aimed to analyse existence and reversibility of subclinical cardiac dysfunction following atrial fibrillation ablation. ...
Xu Jian-Qiang - - 2013
No clinical study has systematically analyzed and compared circumferential neointimal and plaque distribution of stent neointimal proliferation and in native atherosclerotic plaques. This study aimed to investigate and compare the pattern of instent neointimal formation and native atherosclerosis in the coronary bifurcation lesions by volumetric analysis using systematic intravascular ultrasound ...
Hu Feng-Huan - - 2013
Previous studies have shown that the combination of cilostazol and aspirin may be a more effective regimen than ticlopidine plus aspirin in the prevention of late restenosis and acute or subacute stent thrombosis following coronary stenting; however, individually published results are inconclusive. The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare ...
Liang Xinyue - - 2013
The angiotensinogen (AGT) gene M235T polymorphism has been reported to be associated with myocardial infarction (MI) and brain infarction (BI), but the results remain inconclusive. This meta-analysis was designed to clarify these controversies. Electronic databases were systematically searched before February 2013. A total of 38 studies with 17304 subjects met ...
Sudarski Sonja - - 2013
To quantitatively assess coronary atherosclerotic plaque composition in patients with acute non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) by coronary computed tomography angiography (cCTA) correlated with virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS). Sixty patients (35 with NSTEMI) were included. Corresponding plaques were assessed by dual-source ...
Vivo Rey P - - 2013
Predictors of right ventricular failure (RVF) in patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) have not been fully elucidated and are comprised mostly of clinical variables. We evaluated echocardiographic parameters associated with adverse outcomes in this population. Transthoracic echocardiograms (TTEs) before continuous-flow LVAD implantation were analyzed in 109 patients. Twenty-six ...
Qiao Y - - 2013
To compare by meta-analysis the efficacy and safety of sirolimus-eluting and bare-metal stents in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with diabetes. PubMed, MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched from 1971 to 2012. Data on the efficacy and safety of sirolimus-eluting and bare-metal stents in patients with diabetes were collected. A meta-analysis ...
Ozdemir Semra S On Sekiz Mart University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Çanakkale, - - 2013
The myocardial perfusion scintigraphy acquisition and analysis present some technical differences in the rare dextrocardia cases. Here we report a case of a 38 year-old woman with dextrocardia who had been applied myocardial perfusion scintigraphy. Presented case showed that the thoracic and abdominal organs had a mirror image with situs ...
Cleland John G - - 2013
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) with or without a defibrillator reduces morbidity and mortality in selected patients with heart failure (HF) but response can be variable. We sought to identify pre-implantation variables that predict the response to CRT in a meta-analysis using individual patient-data. An individual patient meta-analysis of five randomized ...
Lupi Alessandro - - 2013
Drug eluting balloons (DEB) have been developed to overcome the limitations of drug eluting stents (DES), but clinic results of various DEB studies are still not consistent. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis to compare outcomes of DEB and DES for the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD). Medline/Web databases were ...
Lyu Ting - - 2013
To achieve sufficient myocardial perfusion in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients receiving primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI), many adjunctive therapies have been proposed. Previous trials have reported variances in myocardial perfusion improvement for statin pretreatment, which made it inconvincible to confirm the beneficial effects of statins. Therefore, we performed ...
Dacher J-N - - 2013
The analysis of myocardial perfusion is a key step in the cardiac MRI examination. In routine work, this exploration carried out at rest is based on the qualitative first pass study of gadolinium with an ECG-triggered saturation recovery bFFE sequence. In view of recent knowledge, the analysis of the myocardial ...
Kampf Thomas - - 2013
The quantification of myocardial perfusion using a Look-Locker flow-sensitive alternating inversion recovery- arterial spin labeling experiment is considered. Due to the anatomy of the heart, a substantial but unintended partial inversion of the inflowing blood occurs during the slice-selective inversion. Both, the partial inversion as well as the Look-Locker pulse ...
Repessé Xavier - - 2013
The meta-analysis of Huang and coworkers failed to find any evidence for a protective effect of a decreased left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF). These results have to be interpreted with caution since in most studies included in the meta-analysis patients with LV systolic dysfunction received inotropic drugs. We have ...
Toumanidis Savvas T - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine whether left ventricular (LV) apical rotation assessed by speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) can predict global LV systolic dysfunction after acute anterior myocardial infarction (AMI). STE analysis was applied to LV short-axis images at the basal and apical levels in 21 open-chest pigs, ...
Wang Lei - - 2013
Objective: The aim of present analysis was to evaluate the effect of postconditioning in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). Background: Although postconditioning in pPCI has shown potential favorable effects on reperfusion injury, recent trials have yielded divergent results. Methods: Randomized controlled trials were identified using relevant databases published up to ...
Simsek Ziya - - 2013
In individuals who exercise regularly and for extended periods of time, some structural alterations in the heart, called the athlete's heart, develop in time. These alterations vary in type, can be eccentric or concentric, depending on the nature of exercise. Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) is a novel, angle-independent method that ...
Sun Gang - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the regulation of numerous physiological and pathological processes. However, little information is available with regard to miRNAs in the left ventricular myocardium of the renovascular angiotensin-dependent hypertensive rat. In this study, miRNA expression profiles in the left ventricular myocardium of two-kidney one-clip (2K1C) hypertensive rats were analyzed ...
Hsu Tang-Ho - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic dyssynchrony parameters measured by phase analysis on gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with those measured by speckle tracking echocardiography (STE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two patient groups were enrolled from the ...
Rosado-Muñoz Alfredo - - 2013
Detection of ventricular fibrillation (VF) at an early stage is being deeply studied in order to lower the risk of sudden death and allows the specialist to have greater reaction time to give the patient a good recovering therapy. Some works are focusing on detecting VF based on numerical analysis ...
Hoshi Rosangela Akemi - - 2013
The Poincaré plot for heart rate variability analysis is a technique considered geometrical and non-linear, that can be used to assess the dynamics of heart rate variability by a representation of the values of each pair of R-R intervals into a simplified phase space that describes the system's evolution. The ...
Yang S-S - - 2013
Coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) is the end stage of coronary artery atherosclerosis. CTO revascularization can be performed by percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), bare metal stent (BMS) or drug-eluting stent (DES). It is important to scientifically evaluate the effectiveness of CTO interventional treatments. Relevant studies of long term outcomes ...
Rozen Guy - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Contemporary implantable cardiac defibrillators (ICD) enable storage of multiple, preepisode R-R recordings in patients who suffered from ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VTA). Timely prediction of VTA, using heart rate variability (HRV) analysis techniques, may facilitate the implementation of preventive and therapeutic strategies. AIM: To evaluate the novel multipole method of the ...
Rezeli Melinda - - 2013
As part of a Swedish national cardiological research initiative, the development of a quantitative MRM assay is reported for the quantification of eleven putative cardiovascular disease markers. Within the study, patient samples from the LUNDHEARTGENE biobank were processed and nanoLC-MS/MS analysis were performed together with stable isotope dilution strategy for ...
Qureshi Waqas - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hyponatremia has significant prognostic implications in patients with heart, failure. However, little data are available regarding its significance in patients presenting with myocardial infarction. In addition, it is not known if correction of hyponatremia impacts outcomes in these patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic ...
Riezzo Irene - - 2013
Cardiac muscle necrosis is associated with inflammatory cascade that clears the infarct from dead cells and matrix debris, and then replaces the damaged tissue with scar, through three overlapping phases: the inflammatory phase, the proliferative phase and the maturation phase. Western Blotting, Laser Confocal Microscopy, Raman Microscopy are valuable tools ...
Schlett Christopher L - - 2013
PURPOSE: In coronary computed tomographic angiography (CTA), low attenuation of coronary atherosclerotic plaque is associated with lipid-rich plaques. However, an overlap in Hounsfield units (HU) between fibrous and lipid-rich plaque as well as an influence of luminal enhancement on plaque attenuation was observed and may limit accurate detection of lipid-rich ...
Feldman Arthur M AM Department of Medicine, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA. - - 2013
Patients with heart failure and coronary artery disease often undergo coronary artery bypass grafting, but assessment of the risk of an adverse outcome in these patients is difficult. To evaluate the ability of biomarkers to contribute independent prognostic information in these patients, we measured levels in patients enrolled in the ...
Chiribiri Amedeo A Division of Imaging Sciences and Biomedical Engineering, King's College London British Heart Foundation Centre of Excellence, London, United Kingdom. - - 2013
This study sought to test the hypothesis that transmural perfusion gradients (TPG) on adenosine stress myocardial perfusion cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) predict hemodynamically significant coronary artery disease (CAD) as defined by fractional flow reserve (FFR). Myocardial ischemia affects the subendocardial layers of the left ventricular myocardium earlier and more severely ...
Salinet Jr J L - - 2013
This paper presents a QRS-T subtraction approach for atrial fibrillation (AF) intracardiac atrial electrograms (AEG). It also presents a comparison between the proposed method and two alternative ventricular subtraction techniques: average beat subtraction (ABS) using a fixed length window and an approach based on flat interpolation for QRS cancellation. Areas ...
Vis Marije M MM Department of Cardiology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, the - - 2013
This study sought to evaluate 30-day all-cause mortality of patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) presenting with an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) due to an unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) culprit lesion. In addition, an average estimated mortality rate was extrapolated from the available data. There are ...
Cardinaels Eline P M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) is widely used for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, it is still unclear whether degraded cTnT forms circulate in the patient's blood. We therefore aimed to elucidate which cTnT forms are detected by the clinical assay.METHODS: Separation of cTnT forms by gel ...
Zhou Xue - - 2013
The ability of statins to prevent atrial fibrillation (AF) in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients is controversial. To elucidate this problem, we conducted a meta-analysis. Electronic databases were searched through October 2011 to identify relevant studies. Either a fixed- or a random-effects model was used to calculate the overall combined ...
Doukky Rami - - 2013
PURPOSE: To investigate whether plasma B-type Natriuretic peptide (BNP), a surrogate of left ventricular filling pressure (LVFP), is predictive of left atrial appendage thrombus (LAAT) in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF) independent of known clinical risk predictors. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 297 consecutive subjects with ...
De Silva Kalpa K King's College London British Heart Foundation Centre of Excellence, National Institute for Health Research Biomedical Research Centre at Guy's and St. Thomas' National Health Service Foundation Trust, Cardiovascular Division, London, United - - 2013
Revascularization after acute coronary syndromes provides prognostic benefit, provided that the subtended myocardium is viable. The microcirculation and contractility of the subtended myocardium affect propagation of coronary flow, which can be characterized by wave intensity analysis. The study objective was to determine in acute coronary syndromes whether early wave intensity ...
Li Lei - - 2013
As an adipocytokine, resistin has been proposed as a link between inflammation, metabolic disorder and atherosclerosis. The aim of the study is to evaluate whether serum resistin is associated with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) among postmenopausal women with ACS undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). ...
Azevedo Jader Cunha de - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Coronary multidetector CT angiography (CTA) has shown good accuracy for detection of coronary stenosis. Although this is a promising technique for the evaluation of CAD, its correlation with the functional expression of the disease is not yet well established. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the presence of CAD and the ...
Charlier Philippe - - 2013
During the Middle Ages, the partition of the cadaver of the elite members was a current practice, with highly technical treatment given to symbolic organs such as the heart. Considered mostly from a theoretical point of view, this notion of dilaceratio corporis has never been biologically explored. To assess the ...
Mattoso Angele A A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Quantification of myocardial blood flow reserve in patients with coronary artery disease using real-time myocardial perfusion echocardiography (RTMPE) has been demonstrated to further improve accuracy over the analysis of wall motion and qualitative analysis of myocardial perfusion. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic value of ...
Karacalioglu Alper O - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: A count-based new technique from gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission tomography (gMPS) was developed to allow the phase analysis providing information about the left ventricular (LV) regional discordance in contractility which is a measure of LV dyssynchrony. Since the phase analysis provides data for evaluating the dyssynchronous LV contraction, ...
Meluzin Jaroslav - - 2013
AIMS: Plasma levels of some biomarkers and markers of collagen turnover may reflect myocardial structural abnormalities associated with diastolic dysfunction. The aim of this study was to determine whether these markers could contribute to the diagnostics of heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFNEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: 91 patients with ...
Uebleis Christopher - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony (LVMD) in patients with known left bundle branch block (LBBB) using gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) phase analysis. METHODS: 81 patients (74% male, 70 ± 10 years) with LBBB and suspected or known coronary artery disease underwent ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPECT. LV perfusion ...
Larghat Abdulghani M - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess the reproducibility of semiquantitative and quantitative analysis of first-pass myocardial perfusion cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in healthy volunteers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven volunteers underwent myocardial perfusion CMR during adenosine stress and rest on 2 separate days. Perfusion data were acquired in a single mid-ventricular section in two ...
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