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Wilcox C M - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of gastrointestinal tract endoscopic procedures, there has been concern about cardiovascular complications, especially in patients with coronary heart disease. Although, in general, these procedures are safe, previous studies have documented perturbations in blood pressure, heart documented perturbations in blood pressure, heart rate, and oxygen saturation, as ...
Frishman W H - - 1993
The diagnosis of coronary artery disease in the elderly is problematic because older patients often present atypical symptoms or are asymptomatic. Once coronary disease is diagnosed, the proper course of treatment is not always clear, since few studies have focused on patients older than 65 years. Moreover, older patients often ...
Pepine C J - - 1993
Unrecognized or silent myocardial ischaemia during daily life has generated considerable recent interest as it occurs in all forms of coronary artery disease, ranging from those who are totally asymptomatic to those who have had a myocardial infarction. A characteristic diurnal cycle of both frequency and duration of these ischaemic ...
Harris L - - 1993
Previous studies have shown a close temporal relationship between lipid abnormalities and membrane dysfunction in ischemia and that phospholipase-inhibiting drugs limit such derangements. Amiodarone is a potent phospholipase inhibitor, but its potential or that of any other inhibitor to simultaneously attenuate lipid abnormalities and electrophysiological changes in the very early ...
Scognamiglio R - - 1993
Sixty-seven asymptomatic patients were enrolled after a first uncomplicated myocardial infarction (MI) so as to study the relevance of reversible myocardial dysfunction in determining left ventricular function soon after the acute episodes and 12 months later. Moreover, the potential role of silent ischemia in conditioning the evolutive aspects of contractile ...
Cunningham A J - - 1993
The development of ambulatory electrocardiographic recorders and analysers and the application of transesophageal echocardiography in the mid-1980's enabled investigators to quantify and describe the occurrence of silent as well as symptomatic ischemia in the perioperative period. Several technical advances which have recently occurred in ECG monitoring include the use of ...
Diana P - - 1993
Isoflurane may precipitate ischemia in patients with coronary artery disease, presumably via "coronary steal." We sought to examine whether myocardial ischemia is more common in patients with coronary artery disease receiving isoflurane (0.7%) than in a control group receiving enflurane (0.9%). Thirty-eight patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass surgery were ...
Andrews T C - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Identification of whether episodes of ambulatory ischemia are caused by increases in myocardial oxygen demand or to episodic coronary vasoconstriction in patients with stable coronary disease may be important to guide selection of optimal anti-ischemic therapy and to gain insight into mechanisms responsible for adverse cardiac events. METHODS AND ...
Goldman M D - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether nocturnal respiratory abnormality (cyclic oxygen desaturation and tachycardia) is associated with nocturnal myocardial ischemia in older individuals with ischemic heart disease. DESIGN: Non-invasive monitoring on a single occasion. SETTING: Tertiary care referral hospital. PATIENTS: Thirty four consecutive older (68.5 +/- 6 yrs) patients referred for elective ...
Tanaka H - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: Silent brain infarction is fairly common in the elderly, but predictive factors have not been definitively established. This study focuses attention on ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular risk factors about the frequency of silent brain infarction. DESIGN: The existence of silent brain infarction, the extent of coronary artery stenosis, ...
Neri Serneri G G - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Inferential evidence suggests that silent ischemia might be related to sympathetic activity. Study of [3H]norepinephrine kinetics is a suitable tool to assess the regional sympathetic activity. This method was applied to investigate whether silent myocardial ischemia in unstable angina is related to and depends on cardiac sympathetic overactivity. METHODS ...
Vaage-Nilsen M - - 1993
The purpose of this prospectively conducted study was to determine the prevalence of transient myocardial ischemia, evaluated from 24 h continuous ECG monitoring and exercise test, 6 months after inclusion in the Anglo Scandinavian Study of Early Thrombolysis (the ASSET trial, a randomised, placebo controlled study of alteplase for survival ...
Li C - - 1993
Early detection of asymptomatic myocardial ischemia in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) is very important for the prevention of painless myocardial infarction. The purpose of this study is to explore the clinical significance of asymptomatic transient ST changes in ECG in patients with DM and to further clarify the relation ...
Silva P - - 1993
Early postinfarction angina is generally believed to imply an unfavorable prognosis. However, most of the published information devices from data collected in the prethrombolytic era, with widely differing populations and definitions of early angina, and very little data pertinent to low-risk patients are available. This collaborative study prospectively assessed the ...
Freysz M - - 1993
The impairment of intraventricular conduction by bupivacaine may result in reentrant arrhythmias including ventricular fibrillation. The concentrations responsible for serious accidents are high (5.0 to 8.0 micrograms/ml), but likely to be lowered by myocardial ischemia which gives rise to similar disorders. Therefore we did an electrophysiological study of bupivacaine's effects ...
Ando H - - 1993
A patient with vasospastic angina who developed myocardial ischemia following ethanol ingestion but not after exercise was described. Myocardial ischemia was evidenced by electrocardiograms (ECGs) and thallium-201 scintigrams. The blood acetaldehyde level after ethanol ingestion was abnormally high. The time course and severity of myocardial ischemia coincided with those of ...
Sigurdsson E - - 1993
The prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD) was determined in a general population sample of 9141 Icelandic men aged 34-79 years, and the prevalence of four different forms of CHD was estimated separately: symptomatic infarction fulfilling WHO-MONICA criteria for definite myocardial infarction; myocardial infarction detected by ECG changes only (unrecognized, ...
Bridges S L SL - - 1993
The authors' objective was to determine if, in the absence of known coronary artery disease, ST-T changes suggestive of silent ischemia on the admission electrocardiogram (ECG) identify a group of patients at high risk for cardiac event or death. A prospective cohort study was undertaken at the university hospital of ...
Mueller C - - 1993
Vascular catastrophe resulting in a bowel infarction requiring massive resection is one of the most common indications for long-term total parenteral nutrition (TPN). The causes of mesenteric artery disease include embolic and thrombotic occlusions, nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia, and chronic mesenteric ischemia. This paper describes a case of a patient with ...
Dodds T M - - 1993
We evaluated the impact of prophylactic nitroglycerin on the incidence of perioperative myocardial ischemia in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease who undergo noncardiac surgery. Our goals were to better define the role of nitroglycerin in the management of high-risk patients and to explore the mechanisms of perioperative ...
Aupetit J F - - 1993
The effects of three antiarrhythmic drugs were investigated in anesthetized, open-chest pigs, in a left ventricular area, under pacing at a constant high rate (180 beats/min), in the absence and presence of ischemia. Ischemia was produced by transient complete occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery near its origin. ...
Borruat F X - - 1993
BACKGROUND: The authors define orbital infarction as ischemia of all intraorbital and intraocular structures. It is a rare disorder due to the rich anastomotic vascularization of the orbit. PATIENTS: The authors report three patients with orbital infarction with similar clinical presentations: acute blindness, orbital pain, total ophthalmoplegia, and anterior and ...
Herregods M C - - 1993
The usefulness of echocardiography and Doppler for the detection of acute myocardial ischemia was evaluated during right coronary artery occlusion in 20 patients. The echocardiographic findings were compared with the occurrence of chest pain, and to electrocardiographic and hemodynamic changes obtained during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Our results confirm that, ...
Quyyumi A A - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and prognostic importance of myocardial ischemia detected by ambulatory monitoring in low risk, medically managed patients with coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that certain high risk subsets of patients with coronary artery disease have improved survival ...
Hayase N - - 1993
The effect of amosulalol, a combined alpha 1- and beta-adrenoceptor-blocking agent, on changes in myocardial energy and carbohydrate metabolism during ischemia was studied. Ischemia was induced by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery for 3 or 30 min during open-chest surgery in anesthetized dogs. The myocardial energy stores were ...
Benhorin J - - 1993
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of ischemic episodes during daily activity has been reported to exhibit a bimodal circadian distribution, yet its relation to the ischemic threshold (heart rate at 1-mm ST segment depression) has not been explored. METHODS AND RESULTS: To determine whether the ischemic threshold during daily activity exhibits a ...
Ichihara K - - 1993
Effects of iloprost, which is a stable prostacyclin analogue, on the ischemic myocardium were examined in the open-chest dog heart in terms of biochemical parameters. Ischemia was initiated by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery. When the coronary artery was ligated for 3 min, the levels or glycogen, fructose-1,6-diphosphate ...
Harris S N - - 1993
BACKGROUND: The pressure rate quotient (PRQ; mean arterial pressure/heart rate [MAP/HR]) less than one (PRQ < 1) has been proposed as a simple, clinically available hemodynamic index of myocardial ischemia. Recent investigations using electrocardiography (ECG) detection of myocardial ischemia have not found this index reliable. We prospectively compared PRQ < ...
Igawa M - - 1993
Cisplatin exerts an additional influence on myocardial ischemia induced by the cardiovascular effects of etoposide. Two cases of myocardial ischemia related to combination chemotherapy with methotrexate, etoposide and cisplatin are reported. While the major toxicity associated with systemic chemotherapy is hematologic, it is suggested that, in elderly patients with increased ...
Pijl A J - - 1993
Cardiac ischemia can be provoked by different methods in animal models and in isolated organs. Accordingly, three different procedures were followed to find the most sensitive model for the analysis of the anti-ischemic activity of calcium antagonists. The experiments were performed in the isolated working heart preparation of the rat, ...
Adams M E - - 1993
This introduction and the three essays that follow examine ambulatory cardiac monitoring for specific clinical indications. They also examine the ways in which evidence from the literature may be synthesized through the framework of decision analysis to guide its appropriate use and identify areas in which more research is needed. ...
Kirwin J D - - 1993
Continuous ambulatory ECG (CAECG) monitoring has been advocated as an effective low-cost preoperative method for detecting silent myocardial ischemia in patients undergoing peripheral vascular surgery. In addition, silent ischemic events are associated with an increased incidence of postoperative myocardial infarctions. Ninety-six patients (mean age 73 years) admitted for elective aortic ...
Dellborg M - - 1993
Silent myocardial ischemia is a marker in patients with coronary artery disease identifying those at high risk for subsequent cardiac events. During provoked myocardial ischemia some patients with angina pectoris do not develop chest pain. Are there clinical, angiographic or electrocardiographic differences between patients with chest pain as compared with ...
Abi-Aad A S - - 1993
Substitution enterocystoplasty is becoming more common in a selected group of patients. Acute or chronic ischemia is an exceptional event. We describe the clinical manifestations and management of chronic ischemia of a neobladder that occurred weeks after a successful initial operation. The possible mechanisms responsible for this complication are reviewed.
Solimene M C - - 1993
Forty asymptomatic patients were studied after a first uncomplicated myocardial infarction. They were 36 men and 4 women, with a mean age of 52.6 yr; the location of myocardial infarction was in the anterior wall in 18 (45%) patients and in the inferior wall in 22 (55%). The patients were ...
Lau J - - 1993
This decision analysis estimates the overall gain in life expectancy and the relative efficacy of predischarge submaximal exercise electrocardiography, ambulatory cardiac monitoring, and thallium-201 scintigraphy for the identification of silent ischemia in asymptomatic postinfarct patients. A small, virtually equal increase in life expectancy can be obtained from any of the ...
SmoleĊ„ski R T - - 1993
The influence of ischemia on purine nucleotide and their catabolite concentration in human myocardium was investigated during surgery of acquired and congenital heart defects. This was compared with the influence of ischemia on rat heart. Concentrations of adenine and guanine nucleotides and their catabolites were measured in the extracts of ...
Cohn J N - - 1992
Nitrates exert both hemodynamic and nonhemodynamic effects that help explain the mechanisms by which these drugs benefit patients with myocardial ischemia. The hemodynamic effects of nitrates include relaxation of conduit arteries, increased arterial compliance, increased venous capacitance, dilation of collateral vessels in the myocardium, and, possibly, increased myocardial compliance. A ...
Pepine C J - - 1992
Myocardial ischemia may be defined as myocellular dysfunction resulting from hypoxia usually due to limited coronary blood flow. The methods commonly used to make a diagnosis of myocardial ischemia employ either clinical findings (e.g., angina, myocardial infarction) or signals from laboratory tests. Since ischemia is often clinically silent and since ...
Weiner D A - - 1992
The prevalence and prognostic significance of transient myocardial ischemia after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were evaluated. In 3 studies, ischemia was found in an average of 24% of patients by ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring at 3-12 months after CABG. An average of 36% of patients in 3 other studies experienced ...
Munoz del Romeral L - - 1992
To evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic value of continuous ambulatory ECG (AECG) monitoring, we studied 124 patients with chest pain syndromes by stress myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) and AECG. MPS was classified as normal or with fixed or reversible defects involving one or more than one vascular territory. Positive AECGs ...
Panza J A - - 1992
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate the role of increases in heart rate in the development of ischemic episodes recorded during ambulatory electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring in patients with stable coronary artery disease and to establish the importance of such increases in determining the frequency of ambulatory myocardial ...
- - 1992
Ischemia can lead to myocardial necrosis, arrhythmias and death. Current practice suggests that asymptomatic or silent myocardial ischemia be treated as though it were symptomatic ischemia. This practice is associated with a growing trend of more frequent use of electrocardiographic monitoring, more complex therapeutic drug regimens and more frequent use ...
DeLaurentis D A - - 1992
Prospective and retrospective analyses of 1,182 consecutive patients undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were performed to determine (1) the incidence of chronic lower extremity ischemia (CLEI); (2) the effect of tourniquet occlusion; and (3) guidelines that will allow TKA to be performed safely. Despite the appropriately advanced age of ...
Kan M N - - 1992
The effects of the stereoisomers of naloxone during myocardial ischemia were studied. (-)-Naloxone (but not the (+)-isomer naloxone) attenuated the ischemia-induced cardiac arrhythmias, hypotension, and bradycardia that result from coronary artery occlusion in anesthetized rats. From these findings, it may be inferred that endogenous opioid peptides may play a role ...
Bertolet B D - - 1992
Recent investigations of SMI occurring during daily life have advanced our understanding of the pathophysiology of myocardial ischemia. These contributions have directed our attention away from "chest pain" alone and physical exertion as the central provoking factor toward transient myocardial ischemia and its broader triggers and consequences. Transient myocardial ischemic ...
Lenihan D J - - 1992
Late potentials detected by signal-averaged electrocardiography (SAECG) are an important noninvasive indicator identifying patients with previous myocardial infarction at risk for developing ventricular tachycardia. The role of myocardial ischemia in the development of late potentials is undefined. This study attempts to determine if late potentials on SAECG can be produced ...
Cohn P F - - 1992
Until recently, it has not been possible to combine both ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring, monitoring and ambulatory left ventricular function monitoring, but new developments have helped solve this problem. A technique based on the nuclear probe was introduced in the early 1980s to allow continuous recording of left ventricular volumes and ...
Bayés de Luna A J - - 1992
The relationship between silent myocardial ischemia and sudden death depends on the severity and duration of the ischemia. Severe, transmural and persistent ischemia, as occurs in myocardial infarction, can trigger sudden death. When the ischemia is severe and transmural but not long-standing (e.g., Prinzmetal angina), ventricular arrhythmias appear frequently, but ...
van der Wall E E - - 1992
Radionuclide techniques have added substantial information to aid detection and heighten the clinical significance of silent ischaemia. While non-invasive assessment of myocardial perfusion, metabolism and wall motion have increased the knowledge of the pathophysiology of silent ischaemia, radioisotope techniques may provide information far beyond that obtained by electrocardiographic criteria alone. ...
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