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Results 551 - 600 of 1146
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Jensen S M SM Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Umeå, Sweden. - - 1997
On-line computerized vectorcardiography (cVCG) is increasingly being used for continuous monitoring of myocardial ischemia, however, little is known about factors other than ischemia causing electrocardiographic abnormalities. This paper describes how three important cVCG parameters, STC-VM, ST-VM and QRS-VD, are affected by different body positions, myocardial ischemia, contrast injection and increasing ...
Sakamoto K - - 1997
During myocardial ischemia, the extracellular potassium concentration increases in a triphasic pattern, an initial early increase, a constant phase, and a late increasing phase. The aim of this study was to determine whether diltiazem inhibits the late increasing phase by maintaining glycolytic adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesis in ischemic myocardium. The ...
Bailey B - - 1997
Chlorinated hydrocarbons are well known to produce ventricular arrhythmias because of myocardial sensitization to endogenous catecholamines, but cases of myocardial ischemia have not been described frequently. We report 2 cases of myocardial ischemia after exposure to chlorinated hydrocarbons. The first patient developed an asymptomatic myocardial infarction after inhalation of 1,1,1-trichloroethane ...
Drew B J - - 1997
To determine the frequency, duration, magnitude, and possible adverse effects of ischemia during intracoronary ultrasonography, real-time standard 12-lead electrocardiograms were recorded before, during, and after ultrasonography. Ischemia was defined as new-onset ST segment deviation of > or = 1 mm in one or more leads, measured at J + 80 ...
Lipton R B - - 1997
We report two patients with exertional headaches beginning with vigorous exercise and relieved by rest. Neurologic evaluation and neuroimaging were normal in both. During exercise stress testing, the onset of the patients' typical headaches correlated with ECG changes indicative of myocardial ischemia. In both patients coronary angiography revealed three-vessel disease, ...
Deedwania P C - - 1997
Myocardial ischemia occurs frequently during daily life and has a circadian pattern similar to that reported for myocardial infarction and sudden death. Because of the increased risk of myocardial ischemia in the morning hours, it has been suggested that the administration of anti-ischemic medication before bedtime may be more effective ...
Fisman D N - - 1997
Polyvalent intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is considered to be standard therapy for a variety of autoimmune and idiopathic disorders. Several reports have emphasized the temporal association between administration of IVIg and thrombotic events. Recent experience with a patient who suffered a large myocardial infarction shortly after receiving IVIg led the authors ...
Cinca J - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The myocardium bordering a healed infarction undergoes electrophysiological and autonomic neural derangements that may interact with a new ischemic episode to promote arrhythmias. Therefore, peri-infarction ischemia may be more arrhythmogenic than ischemia at a distance from the infarct zone, but this is not known. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-two anesthetized ...
Seeberger M D - - 1997
A major reason for the relatively low sensitivity of Holter electrocardiography (ECG) for detecting ischemia is that the sensitivity of bipolar leads used for Holter ischemia monitoring has not been systematically evaluated, making lead selection difficult. Therefore, this study evaluated the sensitivity of 6 bipolar Holter leads for detecting ischemia ...
Tzivoni D - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess whether the severity of myocardial ischemia would be attenuated by repeated daily ischemic episodes, recorded by ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring (AEM). BACKGROUND: Repetitive ischemic episodes induced by brief coronary occlusions in animal experiments and in humans during balloon coronary angioplasty produce preconditioning. ...
Brosius F C FC - - 1997
Persistently ischemic myocardium exhibits increased glucose uptake which may contribute to the preservation of myocardial function and viability. Little is known about the specific molecular events which are responsible for this increase in uptake. Therefore, we investigated whether myocardial ischemia induces the gene expression of the major cardiac facilitative glucose ...
Alfonso F - - 1997
Coronary angioscopy was used to elucidate the underlying substrate of the culprit lesion in 20 patients with postinfarction ischemia and in 19 patients with other types of unstable angina. Plaque characteristics were similar in both groups, but red thrombi and occlusive thrombi were more frequently seen in patients with postinfarction ...
Maurer I - - 1997
Cardiac ischemia is associated with an impairment in long-chain fatty acid metabolism. We studied carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) in left ventricular biopsies of 6 transplant recipients with ischemia due to atherosclerosis, 4 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, and 5 donor hearts. Total CPT activity was not significantly different between the three groups ...
Boley S J - - 1997
This article has traced the evolution of our knowledge of mesenteric ischemia from the initial stage of recognition of the condition and its manifestations, through the phase of treatment after the fact-resection of gangrenous intestine, to our present-day attempts to diagnose and treat the ischemic episode before death of the ...
Eltchaninoff H - - 1997
It has been shown that brief episodes of myocardial ischemia can render the heart more resistant to a prolonged subsequent ischemic episode. This phenomenon, called "preconditioning," has been described in human beings during coronary angioplasty with the use of clinical, electrocardiographic (ECG), or metabolic parameters. The goal of this study ...
Narins C R - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to better understand the functional and prognostic significance of silent relative to symptomatic ischemia. BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reached conflicting conclusions as to whether painless ischemia identified during noninvasive cardiac testing is related to a lesser extent of myocardial ischemia or a different prognosis than ...
Patel D J - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Transient ischemia in stable coronary disease peaks in the morning, reflecting increased myocardial oxygen demand and coronary vasomotor tone after walking. In acute coronary syndromes, however, ischemia may result from transient thrombus formation or coronary spasm at the site of a ruptured plaque. We report on the pathophysiological mechanisms ...
Sorimachi T - - 1997
The protective effect of prior ischemia on focal cerebral infarction produced by permanent middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion was studied in a gerbil model. Forebrain ischemia for 2 and 5 minutes at an interval of 48 hours was used as the prior ischemic insult. Forty-eight hours after the second forebrain ...
Ascheim D D - - 1997
INTRODUCTION: Vasodepressor syncope is a common cause of syncope, but the initiating event that triggers the vasodepressor response remains incompletely understood. Although ischemia due to acute right coronary occlusion may precipitate hypotension and bradycardia through the Bezold-Jarisch reflex, an ischemic precipitant for the common vasodepressor faint has not been previously ...
- - 1997
BACKGROUND: Mivazerol hydrochloride is a new alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist. In vitro and animal studies have demonstrated both sympatholytic and antiischemic properties. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of mivazerol in patients during perioperative stress, this multicenter phase II clinical trial studied hemodynamic stability and myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary ...
Sharaf B L - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this Asymptomatic Cardiac Ischemia Pilot (ACIP) data bank study was to characterize angiographic features of coronary pathology of patients enrolled in the ACIP study. BACKGROUND: Ischemia during ambulatory electrocardiographic (AECG) monitoring is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Reports relating AECG ischemia to severity or complexity ...
Ch'en F - - 1997
Arrhythmias are caused by the interdependent processes of change in energy metabolism and alterations in sarcolemmal ion gradients that occur during ischemia. Depletion of energy metabolites and increased proton concentrations in ischemic heart may underlie the observed phenomena of reduced contractile force and also of malignant ventricular arrhythmias that can ...
de Mol B A - - 1997
The Björk-Shiley convexo-concave artificial heart valve has a significant risk of failure which is often fatal.Elective explantation has a mortality of approximately 5%. Follow-up studies provide the basis for clinical decision making whether or not to explant the valve. So far, the contribution of technical, organizational, ethical, and professional considerations ...
Okazaki Y - - 1997
BACKGROUND: OG-VI is a solution composed of 30 mmol/l inosine, 30 mmol/l sodium 5'-guanylate, 30 mmol/l cytidine, 22.5 mmol/l uridine, and 7.5 mmol/l thymidine, which is known to improve myocardial stunning. OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of OG-VI on myocardial energy and carbohydrate metabolism during ischemia. METHODS: Ischemia was induced ...
Cohn P F - - 1997
Silent myocardial ischemia, whether it occurs at rest or during exercise, is associated with an unfavorable prognosis and may lead to sudden cardiac death. Agents used to treat silent myocardial ischemia have included nitrates, beta-blockers, and calcium antagonists (CAs). Despite treatment with traditional anti-ischemic agents, studies have shown that up ...
Wong D H - - 1996
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of new episodes of myocardial ischemia in patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). DESIGN: Prospective, nonrandomized study. SETTING: Veterans Administration medical center. PATIENTS: 39 patients undergoing elective TURP. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Myocardial ischemia was detected with a 3-channel ambulatory ...
Parthenakis F - - 1996
This study investigated the relationship between silent myocardial ischaemia during daily life and ventricular ectopic activity in patients with angiographically confirmed coronary artery disease and preserved left ventricular function. We studied 45 patients (37 men, 8 women, aged 42-70 years) who satisfied the above criteria. All underwent 72-h continuous electrocardiographic ...
Marin-Garcia J - - 1996
The effect of myocardial ischemia on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) structure and the presence of specific mtDNA deletions was determined using the model of Ameroid constriction of canine coronary arteries. The incidence of specific deletions was high in both the endocardial and epicardial tissues perfused by the occluded vessel as compared ...
Nishioka N - - 1996
Exercise testing (EX) and Holter ECG (DCG) were performed consecutively in 52 patients with ischemic heart disease. A total of 100 episodes of myocardial ischemia (IE) were recorded during DCG in 30 patients, who constituted 94% of the patients with myocardial ischemia under 6 metabolic equivalents (METs) during EX. A ...
Stühmeier K D - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Most new perioperative myocardial ischemic episodes occur in the absence of hypertension or tachycardia. The ability of alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonists to inhibit central sympathetic outflow may benefit patients with coronary artery disease by increasing the myocardial oxygen supply and -demand ratio. METHODS: A randomized double-blind study design was used ...
van Boven A J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Lipid-lowering therapy reduces cardiac morbidity and mortality. Less is known about its potential anti-ischemic effect. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a 2-year prospective randomized placebo-controlled study, the effect of pravastatin 40 mg on transient myocardial ischemia was assessed. Forty-eight-hour ambulatory ECGs with continuous ST-segment analysis were performed in 768 male ...
O'Neill C A - - 1996
We previously showed that generation of reactive oxygen species during myocardial ischemia and reperfusion stimulates cardiac sympathetic afferent nerve endings. We hypothesized that, in this feline model of brief ischemia and reperfusion, HO. is produced during ischemia and the rate and concentration of production of HO.during reperfusion is dependent on ...
Nakada T - - 1996
Recent research reveals that some patients with a normal coronary arteriogram present with myocardial ischemia in the late stages of Kawasaki disease (KD). The present paper reports a patient who developed ventricular arrhythmia and possible myocardial ischemia in the late stages of KD but whose coronary arteriogram was normal. The ...
Windsor A - - 1996
Ninety four patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate underwent Holter electrocardiographic monitoring pre- and postoperatively. There was no difference in silent myocardial ischaemia incidence or load between the spinal (n = 60) and the general anaesthesia (n = 34) groups. Ischaemic heart disease and a higher Detsky score both ...
Botero C - - 1996
We present a case in which an anemic patient with religious objections to blood transfusion experienced three episodes of severe myocardial ischemia during the perioperative period. The first episode of ischemia was successfully treated by discontinuing isoflurane and resolving the hypotension. The second and third episodes were successfully treated by ...
Ogawa S - - 1996
We investigated myocardial ischemia and old myocardial infarction noninvasively using signal-averaged electrocardiographic late potentials (LPs) in patients with Kawasaki disease. Patients were divided into 4 groups: a noncoronary artery lesion group (n=136), a coronary artery lesion group (without myocardial ischemia and an old myocardial infarction; n=33), an ischemia group (n=16), ...
Earle K A - - 1996
Insulin-dependent diabetic (IDDM) subjects with microalbuminuria have an increased long-term risk of overt cardiovascular disease; however, the early exposure to cardiovascular risk factors may increase their predisposition to current silent myocardial ischaemia. The frequency of silent myocardial ischaemia detected by stress echocardiography and electrocardiography was significantly greater in 32 asymptomatic ...
Plunkett M D - - 1996
The effect of chronic hypoxia on neonatal myocardial metabolism remains undefined. With a new neonatal piglet model, we determined changes in myocardial metabolism during global ischemia after chronic hypoxia. Five-day-old piglets (N = 30) were randomly assigned to two groups and exposed to an atmosphere of 8% oxygen or to ...
Mauney M C - - 1996
4ACKGROUND. Non-heart-beating donors (NHBDs) have been proposed for the critical shortage of donors for cardiac and pulmonary transplantation. We determined the effects of prearrest hypoxia and postarrest warm ischemia on cardiac and pulmonary allografts procured from NHBDs undergoing hypoxic arrest. METHODS. Rabbit hearts and lungs were procured from separate donors ...
Tønnessen T - - 1996
Plasma endothelin (ET) is increased in association with myocardial infarction. The aim of the present study was to get insight into the mechanisms behind this ischemia-induced increase in plasma ET. Since granulocytes increase ET production in vitro, we examined to what extent inhibition of granulocyte-derived proteases could reduce the increase ...
Pratt C M - - 1996
This report focuses on the subset of 235 patients from the Asymptomatic Cardiac Ischemia Pilot (ACIP) study receiving randomly assigned medical therapy to treat angina and suppress ischemia detected on ambulatory electrocardiography: 121 patients received the sequence of atenolol and nifedipine, and 114 diltiazem and isosorbide dinitrate. After 12 weeks ...
Mulcahy D - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare the circadian variations in transient ischemic activity, mean heart rate and ischemic threshold between women and men with coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: There is a circadian variation in ischemic activity, onset of myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death in patients with coronary artery disease, ...
Vesterqvist O - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To study calcium-independent phospholipase A2 activity during global ischemia in isolated rabbit hearts by measuring the hydrolysis of the endogenous choline phospholipids. METHODS: Langendorff perfused rabbit hearts were exposed to global ischemia for 15 or 60 min, or control perfusion for the same length of time. The hearts were ...
Azhari H - - 1996
Many methods for mapping ischemic myocardial regions by functional analysis have been suggested. However, the complicated relationship between myocardial function and perfusion, and the inherent limitations of the imaging techniques used, have led to a generally low mapping accuracy. We show herein, that highly accurate mapping can be obtained by ...
Stanley W C - - 1996
The purposes of this study were to: (1) assess myocardial pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) activity and substrate exchange under well-perfused and ischemic conditions; (2) determine the metabolic effects of an intra-coronary infusion of the PDH activator, dichloroacetate (DCA); and (3) measure the effects of ischemia and DCA on malonyl CoA levels. ...
Antoniucci D - - 1996
The accuracy of sequential testing in the noninvasive diagnosis of coronary artery disease has been established in the symptomatic clinical populations, while little is known about its value when applied to low prevalence groups, such as totally asymptomatic men. To evaluate the accuracy of noninvasive sequential testing in the diagnosis ...
Krantz D S DS Department of Medical and Clinical Psychology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814-4799, USA. - - 1996
The morning peak in myocardial ischemia has been related to diurnal variations in physical and mental activities and to postural changes upon awakening. This study assesses (1) the effects of exogenous activity triggers at different times of the day and (2) the contribution of an endogenous (ie, activity- and posture-independent) ...
Ogawa K - - 1996
It has been postulated that impairment of cochlear blood flow (CoBF) is one of the most important causes of hearing loss occurring during acoustic neuroma (AN) surgery. However, it remains unclear how the degree of cochlear ischemia influences the evoked responses in electrocochleography. (ECochG) which has been used for monitoring ...
Lawson T M - - 1996
Histological cardiac abnormalities in Wegener's granulomatosis can frequently be demonstrated at post-mortem examination, but clinically significant cardiac involvement is rare. We describe a massive silent myocardial infarction leading to intractable heart failure and death in a young man with Wegener's granulomatosis, occurring at a time when other features of the ...
Güllü I H - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Behçet's disease (BD) is a multisystemic disorder usually described as a triple symptom complex consisting of aphthous stomatitis, genital ulcerations, and uveitis. Vasculitis is a key feature of the disease, which may lead to functional disturbances in highly vascularized organs. However, cardiac involvement is seldom recognized. We investigated the ...
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