Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1149
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
French G W - - 1999
One hundred and twenty-seven patients undergoing major lower limb joint replacement surgery were studied to determine the incidence of silent myocardial ischemia and to ascertain any link between pre-operative cardiac risk factors, silent myocardial ischaemia and postoperative morbidity. Patients underwent ambulatory ECG monitoring for 4 days (on the pre-operative night ...
Kinney T R - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Silent infarcts have been reported in 17% of young patients with sickle cell disease and are associated with impaired performance on standardized psychometric tests. Risk factors for the development of these lesions have not been identified. METHODS: Investigators in the Cooperative Study of Sickle Cell Disease performed a brain ...
Adams M G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Ischemia that occurs in the coronary care unit (CCU), whether symptomatic or silent, is associated with significant in-hospital and out-of-hospital complications. Studies have reported that more than 90% of ischemic episodes are silent in patients with unstable angina who are treated in the CCU with maximal medical therapy. Prior ...
Prasch F - - 1999
Reversible silent myocardial ischemia associated with treatment of long-standing hypothyroidism has recently been reported using thallium-201 (201Tl) myocardial single photon emission tomography (SPET). The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether patients with short-term hypothyroidism (serum thyrotropin [TSH] levels above 30 mU/L) have an increased risk of silent ...
Sherwood M C - - 1999
Symptomatic coronary artery fistulas (CAF) are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. With the advent of high-resolution 2-dimensional and color Doppler echocardiography, the detection rate of clinically silent CAF has increased, but their clinical significance and outcome have not been defined. The clinical, echocardiographic, electrocardiographic, and angiographic findings and documented ...
Webb C M - - 1999
The effect of acute testosterone administration on exercise-induced myocardial ischemia was assessed in 14 men with coronary artery disease and low plasma testosterone concentrations in a study of randomized, double-blind, crossover design. Testosterone increased time to 1-mm ST-segment depression compared with placebo by 66 (15 to 117) seconds (p = ...
Turgan N - - 1999
Ischemia leads to impaired ATP metabolism, with increased production of purine degradation products, such as hypoxanthine and xanthine, which are useful markers of tissue hypoxia. These extracellular markers of ischemia have been studied extensively in many clinical conditions of oxidative stress, including perinatal asphyxia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, cerebral ischemia, ...
Huang X D - - 1999
INTRODUCTION: Ischemia causes cell decoupling in the myocardium. Prolonged ischemia activates proteases and causes degradation of structural proteins as well as gap junctions. There is little information about the degradation of gap junction protein during the early time period after acute ischemia. The purpose of the present study was to ...
Blamire A M - - 1999
Myocardial pH has been shown in animal models to be a sensitive indicator of ischemia. In vivo measurement in humans using 31p magnetic resonance spectroscopy is complicated by the overlap of blood 2,3-diphosphoglycerate peaks with the P(i) peak used for pH measurement. A "saturation transfer" method combined with spatial presaturation ...
Akpek G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Myocardial ischemia induced by 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is a relatively rare, but potentially serious, occurrence. Some case reports have indicated that recurrent ischemia may be prevented if 5-FU is resumed after pretreatment with antianginal therapy. METHODS: A 54-year old woman was diagnosed with stage IIA squamous cell carcinoma of the ...
Madias J E - - 1999
We describe a 75-year-old male patient with two-vessel coronary artery disease, who developed transient left posterior hemiblock (LPH) while undergoing an exercise treadmill test (ETT). The intraventricular conduction abnormality initially had the features of alternating LPH, which evolved to stable LPH prior to dissipating, and it occurred at the first ...
Roberts W C - - 1998
Coronary atherosclerosis among patients with symptomatic or fatal myocardial ischemia is a diffuse and extensive process, and it affects all 4 of the major (right, left main, left anterior descending, and left circumflex) epicardial arteries. Histologic evaluation of 5-mm arterial segments reveals involvement of the entire lengths of the epicardial ...
Camici P G - - 1998
Myocardial hibernation is a state of persistently impaired left ventricular function in patients with coronary artery disease that improves after revascularization. It was thought to be caused by a chronic reduction in resting myocardial blood flow in a segment subtended by a diseased coronary artery. However, recent studies using positron ...
Pelter M M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The onset of acute myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death has a circadian variation, with the peak occurrence between 6 AM and 12 noon. OBJECTIVES: To determine if a circadian variation exists for transient myocardial ischemia in patients admitted to the coronary care unit with unstable coronary syndromes. METHODS: ...
Lee W L - - 1998
This study was to evaluate the dynamic changes in cardiac autonomic control preceding electrocardiographic (ECG) myocardial ischemia in patients with syndrome X. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory ECG was obtained in 34 consecutive patients in a drug-free state. Fourteen (41%) of them, aged 58.8+/-13.5 years, presented a total of 19 ischemic episodes, mean ...
Hogue C W CW - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The anemia associated with perioperative blood conservation has raised concerns regarding the safety of these strategies in patients with ischemic cardiovascular disease. Therefore the relationship between hematocrit level and myocardial ischemic episodes in a group of elderly patients undergoing elective noncardiac surgery was studied. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: One ...
Deanfield J E - - 1998
The Circadian Anti-ischemia Program in Europe (CAPE) trial was a large, 10-week, double-blind study of the antiischemic effects of the third-generation calcium antagonist, amlodipine, in patients with chronic stable angina. The study showed that, compared with the addition of placebo to conventional medical therapy (if any), the addition of amlodipine ...
Radford N B - - 1998
The hyperfine shift reagent, TmDOTP5-, was used to resolve the 39K NMR resonances of intra- (Ki+) and extracellular (Ke+) potassium in isolated, perfused guinea pig hearts. [Ki+] as measured by 39K NMR was 25.9 +/- 10.3 mM, compared with 114.4 +/- 10.8 mM as measured by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) ...
Shintani S - - 1998
We investigated the risk factors for silent lacunar infarction and etat criblé detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Previous reports have evaluated white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) and periventricular hyperintensities (PVHs) on T2-weighted images, but have not distinguished between lacunar infarcts, état criblé, and leukoaraiosis of Binswanger's type. MRI scans were ...
Taegtmeyer H - - 1998
Myocardial ischemia is essentially a metabolic event. In this review we will try to distill the essence of a complex series of molecular reactions triggered by the sudden reduction or cessation of blood flow to the heart. We recognize that it is difficult to describe even simple metabolic changes occurring ...
Nagahiro S - - 1998
This article describes the pathophysiology of, and treatment strategy for, cerebral ischemia. It is useful to think of an ischemic lesion as a densely ischemic core surrounded by better perfused "penumbra" tissue that is silent electrically but remains viable. Reperfusion plays an important role in the pathophysiology of cerebral ischemia. ...
Abe T - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: We have previously shown that brief myocardial ischemia impairs neural conduction in cardiac sympathetic efferent fibers. However, attenuation of the activity of afferent sympathetic nerves, which may contribute to impaired ischemic nociception and reflex hemodynamic responses, is not well understood. Therefore, we studied the electrophysiological effects of brief myocardial ...
Valeri C R - - 1998
The benefits of a Hct range of 30 to 35 percent include improved oxygen delivery and enhanced hemostasis, which help minimize complications in patients at high risk for ischemia and perioperative nonsurgical bleeding. In these settings, the conservative transfusion practice of using a lower Hct range should be replaced with ...
Gozal Y - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe the perioperative cardiac morbidity in adult patients undergoing retinal surgery using continuous Holter monitoring. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: 56 patients scheduled for elective retinal surgery with local anesthesia. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were monitored continuously for 24 hours using a Holter recorder. Blood samples for ...
Cao Q - - 1998
This paper reports the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) at Neiguan (P 6) on myocardial microcirculation and electrical activity observed in rabbits with acute myocardial ischemia (AMI) by employing the vascular casting method and taking monophasic action potential (MAP) as an index. It was found that in the ischemic border zone ...
Ozgül S - - 1998
The aim of the present study was assessment of the relationship of silent myocardial ischemia with clinical, coronary angiography findings, and left ventricular systolic and diastolic function, and its prognostic significance in patients early after myocardial infarction. One hundred nineteen male patients (mean age 48.2+/-1.2 years) with first Q wave ...
Dhein S - - 1998
Ischemia leads to intracellular acidification which can be counteracted by the Na+/H+-exchange mechanism. A blockade of this exchanger has been hypothesized to cause stronger intracellular acidification in the course of ischemia thereby protecting the heart from ischemic damage. The aim of our study was to find out (1) whether in ...
Pierdomenico S D - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate whether different circadian blood pressure (BP) changes could influence the occurrence of ischemic episodes in untreated and treated hypertensive patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND: In hypertensive patients with CAD the occurrence of myocardial ischemia could be influenced by either high or low ...
Grzywacz A - - 1998
The aim of this study was to compare fibrinolytic parameters in two subgroups of young survivors of myocardial infarction: group A (n = 14) with silent myocardial ischaemia and group B (n = 15) without silent myocardial ischaemia, as assessed by 24 h Holter electrocardiogram monitoring. Only men aged 33-46 ...
Misfeld M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The clinical benefit in terms of angina reduction after transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMLR) in patients with diffuse coronary artery disease who are not candidates for conventional procedures has been proved. The exact mechanisms of TMLR however, are still unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the cellular ...
Hansen C L - - 1998
Myocardial perfusion imaging with coronary vasodilators is routinely used for patients with suspected coronary disease who are unable to exercise. Since these agents work by increasing blood flow without significantly changing myocardial oxygen demand, they generally do not produce ischemia. A minority of patients show evidence of ischemia which some ...
Assayag P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Both aging and myocardial ischemia are associated with alterations of calcium-regulating proteins. We investigated the effects of graded levels of low-flow ischemia on myocardial function and on SR Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA2), Na(+)-Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) and ryanodine receptor (RyR2), at mRNA and protein levels in both adult and senescent myocardium. METHODS: ...
Hacker T A - - 1998
Previously, we reported, alterations in glucose metabolism in a 4 day model of chronic coronary stenosis similar to those described in patients with hibernating hearts. The purpose of this study was 2 fold: (1) to identify whether an acute model of mild, sustained ischemia could effect similar changes, and (2) ...
Fleisher L A - - 1998
The intraoperative management of the high-risk patient has received a great deal of attention and research during the past decade. Based on the available evidence, there appears to be no one best anesthetic technique or agent. More importantly, the goals of intraoperative management are to avoid myocardial ischemia, which include ...
Gannedahl P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the relation of changes in computerized vectorcardiographic trend parameters indicating perioperative myocardial ischemia with perioperative cardiac complications. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: A single university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-eight patients undergoing elective abdominal aortic surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Computerized vectorcardiography recorded during surgery and for 48 hours postoperatively. MEASUREMENTS AND ...
Nakata T - - 1998
Antimyosin monoclonal antibody is a specific marker of impaired sarcolemmal integrity resulting not only from ischemia but also from non-ischemic myocardial injury, such as infection, inflammatory, or immunologic reactions, and alcohol or drug intoxication. In addition, antimyosin accumulation has been demonstrated in some forms of cardiomyopathy with unknown as well ...
Munyao N - - 1998
To investigate whether sublethal ischemia preserves neuronal function otherwise lost after stroke, anesthesized rabbits were subjected to clamping of abdominal aorta to cause lumbar spinal cord ischemia. An occlusion period of 12.5 min was followed 12 or 48 h later by a second occlusion for 30 min. When scored 24 ...
Stierle U - - 1998
Generalized (multiple) arterio-systemic fistulae are fistulae arising from all three major coronary arteries and drain into the left ventricle are rare and the clinical and hemodynamic sequelae are incompletely understood. This communication is based on the clinical and hemodynamic data of a series of patients (eight cases out of 7262 ...
Bigi R - - 1998
Prevalence and prognostic significance of painful and silent ischemia detected by exercise electrocardiography (ECG) and dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) were evaluated in 407 consecutive patients recovering from acute myocardial infarction. Painful ischemia assessed by both tests was not associated with different clinical characteristics of patients; on the other hand, it ...
MacLeod R S - - 1998
Despite the widespread use of electrocardiogram (ECG), changes in cardiac activity resulting from ischemia or altered recovery characteristics sometimes remain electrocardiographically "silent" or are first detectable by techniques that measure ventricular contractility, such as ultrasound or blood pressure. Especially local changes in repolarization can go undetected when ECG electrodes do ...
Fleg Jerome L. - - 1998
Although clinically manifest CAD is present in about one-fourth of individuals older than 65 years, a like proportion of additional persons have asymptomatic coronary artery stenoses, manifest only by inducible myocardial ischemia. A major challenge to contemporary cardiology is to detect the subset of such asymptomatic subjects at highest risk ...
Grisold M - - 1998
The compound 2,3,5,6-Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP; Ligustrazine), a flavouring component and sweetness enhancer for beverages constitutes a commonly used food additive. Now we studied the effect of TMP on coronary artery dilation during ischemia: In our experiments we used isolated, Langendorff-perfused guinea pig hearts, arrested with K(+)-rich Normal Tyrode solution (in mM: ...
Sanyal S - - 1998
During the management of acute myocardial infarction, we observed that clinical and electrocardiographic indications of myocardial ischemia worsened upon nitroglycerin infusion and were promptly relieved upon streptokinase infusion. Subsequent coronary angiography revealed diffuse ectasia with no significant stenosis. We discuss the possible pathophysiologic mechanisms by which nitroglycerin might exacerbate ischemia ...
Coronel R - - 1997
BACKGROUND: An intracoronary thrombus during regional ischemia is related to life-threatening arrhythmias. The electrophysiological consequences of a thrombus are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: In open chest pigs, regional ischemia was induced by intracoronary injection of a thrombus (protocol 1). In protocol 2, coronary ligation was followed by injection of heparinized ...
Matot I - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To study the incidence of myocardial ischemia and related hemodynamic alterations in sedated patients undergoing fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB). DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary care, university hospital. PATIENTS: Twenty-nine patients, age 50 years or older, undergoing elective FOB. INTERVENTIONS: Myocardial ischemia was assessed by continuous ECG monitoring beginning 30 ...
Whetzel T P - - 1997
The primary critical ischemia time of the hairless mouse ear was determined using a probit analysis. An atraumatic clamp was used across the pedicle base of the ear to induce total ischemia at 0, 2, 4, 6, 7, 7.5, 8.0, 8.5, 9.0, 9.5, and 12 hours of normothermic ischemia. Seventy-seven ...
Hosokawa R - - 1997
To evaluate the clinical utility of 123I-(rho-iodophenyl)-3-R,S-methylpentadecanoic acid (123I-BMIPP) for ischemic heart disease, we investigated the metabolic fate of 123I-BMIPP in canine models with mild and severe ischemia and evaluated the clinical utility of this tracer. METHODS: Using open-chest dogs under anesthesia, we assembled a system that would release all ...
Stone P H - - 1997
Myocardial ischemia identified by ambulatory electrocardiography (AECG), exercising treadmill testing, (ETT), or 12-lead electrocardiogram at rest is associated with an adverse prognosis, but the effect of improving these ischemic manifestations by treatment on outcome is unknown. The Asymptomatic Cardiac Ischemia Pilot (ACIP) study was a National Heart, Lung, and Blood ...
Hecker R B - - 1997
This case study describes myocardial ischemia and stunning after the topical application of phenylephrine-soaked pledgets (0.25%) in a 63-year-old female undergoing elective endoscopic sinus surgery. The patient had no previous history of cardiovascular disease or illicit drug use. Transient myocardial ischemia was associated with acute hypertension, chest pain, and S-T ...
Seeberger M D MD Department of Anesthesia, University of California-San Francisco, USA. - - 1997
New segmental wall motion abnormalities (SWMA) detected by echocardiography are considered sensitive and specific markers of myocardial ischemia. However, we have observed new SWMA during pacing-induced reductions in left ventricular filling, which resolved immediately with cessation of the atrial pacing and simultaneous restoration of filling. Therefore, we designed this study ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >