Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2809
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Bragadeesh T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that myocardial stunning is due to myofibrillar oedema. METHODS: Experiments were performed in anaesthetised closed-chest pigs. In 15 pigs (group 1), myocardial stunning was produced by repetitive ischaemia and reperfusion; 5 pigs each were studied at 2 hours, 2 days, and 5 days later. Circumferential ...
Wasilewski Jarosław - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The no-reperfusion phenomenon occurs in a considerable number of patients despite restoration of the infarct-related artery (IRA) patency. Factors responsible for this phenomenon include myocardial structural changes, whereas haemorheological parameters that significantly contribute to microvascular resistance, have not been studied so far. AIM: To determine the possible relationship between ...
Taki Junichi - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To determine whether mild to moderate ischemia that is not severe enough to induce myocardial infarction will cause myocardial cell damage or apoptosis, the (99m)Tc-Annexin-V (Tc-A) uptake was studied in groups of rats with various intervals of coronary occlusion and reperfusion times. METHODS AND RESULTS: After left coronary artery ...
Xie J-R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence indicates that reperfusion of the heart after a period of ischemia leads to the opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP). The aim of this study was to investigate cardioprotective effects of cyclosporine A (CsA), an inhibitor of the MPTP, in an in vivo model of ...
Wei Geng-Ze - - 2007
The pathogenesis of myocardial stunning caused by brief ischemia and reperfusion remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the underlying mechanism of myocardial stunning. An isolated cell model of myocardial stunning was firstly established in isolated rat ventricular myocytes exposed to 8 min of simulated ischemia ...
Bhuiyan Md Shenuarin - - 2007
VO(OPT), bis(1-oxy-2-pyridinethiolato)oxovanadium(IV), has been shown to increase tyrosine phosphorylation of proteins and promote the insulin receptor signaling, thereby elicit anti-diabetic action. We here investigated the cytoprotective action of VO(OPT) on myocardial infarction and cardiac functional recovery in rats subjected to myocardial ischemia/reperfusion and defined mechanisms underlying its cytoprotective action. Rats ...
Gomez Ludovic - - 2007
Inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening by cyclosporin A or ischemic postconditioning attenuates lethal reperfusion injury. Its impact on major post-myocardial infarction events, including worsening of left ventricular (LV) function and death, remains unknown. We sought to determine whether pharmacological or postconditioning-induced inhibition of mPTP opening might improve ...
Zhu Xiaoguang - - 2007
The exposure of anionic phospholipids is a near-universal molecular signature for cell death. Based on our prior finding that the (99m)Tc-labeled C2A domain of synaptotagmin I accumulates intensely in the area at risk, this study quantitatively characterized the temporal and spatial distribution of the radiotracer in a rat model of ...
Dow Joan - - 2007
In our laboratory, postconditioning reliably reduces lethal ventricular arrhythmias in an in vivo rat model but its effect on necrosis in our model is unknown. In the present analysis, we tested a variety of postconditioning regimens in anesthetized rats subjected to 45 minutes of coronary occlusion and 120 minutes of ...
Oh Kwang-Seok - - 2007
The present study was performed to evaluate the cardioprotective effects of KR-33028, a novel Na+/H+ exchanger subtype 1 (NHE-1) inhibitor, in rat and dog models of coronary artery occlusion and reperfusion. In anesthetized rats subjected to a 45-min coronary occlusion and a 90-min reperfusion, KR-33028 at 5 min before occlusion ...
Takahashi Yosuke - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to investigate whether administration of landiolol before or during ischemia protects the myocardium against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. METHODS: Isolated rat hearts were perfused with Krebs-Henseleit buffer using Langendorff apparatus. Cardiac arrest was achieved using St. Thomas' Hospital cardioplegic solution for 3 min. Each heart was ...
Kubitz Jens Christian - - 2007
Therapy for severe myocardial ischemia/reperfusion sometimes necessitates intermittent positive pressure ventilation, which may impair left ventricular function by reduction of ventricular loading. It is unknown today whether positive airway pressure also affects contractile force after myocardial ischemia/reperfusion. The authors tested whether positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) impairs myocardial contractility in acute ...
Baker John E - - 2007
Erythropoietin is known to stimulate red cell production and has recently been shown to protect the heart against injury from ischemia/reperfusion. However, it is unknown whether darbepoetin alfa (Dpa), a long-acting analog of erythropoietin, can play a protective role against myocardial infarction. We assessed the potential protective role of Dpa ...
Booth Erin A - - 2007
Previous studies have shown that estrogen treatment protects the heart from reperfusion injury. The adverse effects of long-term estrogen treatment limit its clinical use and emphasize the need for the development of specific pharmacological interventions such as pathway-selective estrogen receptor (ER) ligands. Pathway-selective ER ligands are compounds that retain estrogen's ...
Hausenloy Derek J - - 2007
Emerging studies suggest that signaling during the myocardial reperfusion phase contributes to ischemic preconditioning (IPC). Whether the activation of PKC, the opening of the mKATP channel, redox signaling and transient acidosis specifically at the time of myocardial reperfusion are required to mediate IPC-induced protection is not known. Langendorff-perfused rat hearts ...
Garcia Solange C - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Vascular endothelial cells play an important role in the control of vascular tone. The reasons for coronary endothelial dysfunction are complex and may involve ischemia/reperfusion injury. We investigated whether endothelial, smooth muscle, and myocardial dysfunction are independent phenomena. METHODS: Rabbit hearts were rapidly excised without intermittent ischemia, ...
Toma Catalin - - 2007
Erythropoietin (Epo) has anti-apoptotic and pro-angiogenic effects in rodent models of myocardial infarction (MI). We tested the hypothesis that a long-acting Epo derivative (darbepoetin) has a beneficial effect on infarct size and peri-infarct remodeling in a clinically relevant large animal model of ischemia-reperfusion. A human acute MI scenario was simulated ...
Cho Janghyun - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Previously, we demonstrated that a novel opiate peptide, 2',6'-dimethyl-tyrosine-D-Arg-Phe-Lys-NH2, provided cardioprotection against myocardial stunning in vivo. We subsequently showed that this peptide targeted mitochondria and can scavenge reactive oxygen species. The objective of this study was to determine the role of opioid versus antioxidant activity in cardioprotection. METHODS: We ...
Adams Jose A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Nitric oxide (NO) is a critical regulator of vascular tone, and signal transduction. NO is produced via three unique synthases (NOS); endothelial (eNOS), and neuronal (nNOS) are both constitutively expressed and inducible (iNOS) produced primarily after stimulation. NO has been implicated during and after ischemia reperfusion injury as both ...
Zhou Xiaoyang - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The histidine-rich Ca-binding protein (HRC) is a Ca-storage protein in cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum. Recent transgenic studies revealed that this protein inhibits the maximal rates of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca-transport, leading to cardiac dysfunction. In view of the role of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca-cycling in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury, we designed this study ...
Ferrera René - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) in the protection achieved by post-conditioning of hearts submitted to hypothermic cardioplegia and ischemia. METHODS: Isolated rat hearts (n = 30) underwent cold cardioplegia (4 degrees C, Celsior solution) and 8 hours ...
Booth Erin A - - 2007
Previous studies demonstrated the protective effects of estrogen administration in models of cardiovascular disease. However, there is a discrepancy between these data and those from the recent clinical trials with hormone replacement therapy in menopausal women. One possible explanation for the divergent results is the addition of progestin to the ...
Dudek Dariusz - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Time-to-treatment is an important determinant of mortality in primary angioplasty for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Thus, the benefits in outcome observed with transferring for primary angioplasty in comparison with on-site thrombolysis may be reduced or even lost when long-distance transportation is required. Even though pharmacological reperfusion might overcome ...
Prasan Ananth M - - 2007
AIMS: Nitric oxide (NO) may modulate myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, but effects of hypercholesterolaemia on myocardial NO release during I/R are unknown. METHODS: A NO-specific carbon fibre electrode continuously measured coronary sinus [NO] during 60 min low-flow ischaemia (1 ml/min) and 60 min free reperfusion (I/R) in isolated rabbit hearts. ...
Falk Jessica A - - 2007
AIM OF STUDY: Previous reports note an increase in both reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide (*NO) at the onset of myocardial reperfusion. We tested the hypothesis that inhibition of *NO or ROS production at the time of reperfusion improves recovery of post-ischemic myocardial function. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Isolated ...
Sidi Avner - - 2007
OBJECTIVE(S): The effects of hypertonic saline on ventricular function are controversial, whether it is increasing contractility or preload. There are no data, however, on the influence of hypertonic saline in a stunned myocardium. DESIGN: This study was prospective and randomized in order to analyze the effects of hypertonic saline solution ...
Sood Reema - - 2007
Injury to the myocardial tissue due to ischemia and reperfusion occurs because of imbalance between the formation of oxidants and available antioxidants in the heart. Levels of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) and vitamin E (alpha--tocopherol) were evaluated in 52 patients of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) treated by streptokinase. They were ...
Arakawa Masayuki - - 2007
Artificial anti-cell death protein FNK, a Bcl-x(L) derivative with three amino acid-substitutions (Y22F, Q26N, and R165K) has enhanced anti-apoptotic and anti-necrotic activity and facilitates cell survival in many species and cell types. The objectives of this study were (i) to investigate whether the protein conjugated with a protein transduction domain ...
Chen Xuehai - - 2007
BACKGROUND: It is still unclear whether celiprolol, a beta(1)-selective blocker, reduces myocardial infarct size. This study will examine whether celiprolol reduces myocardial infarct size, as well as investigate the mechanisms for its infarct size-reducing effect in rabbits. METHODS AND RESULTS: Japanese white rabbits underwent 30 min of ischemia and 48 ...
Korosoglou Grigorios - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Tissue level reperfusion gauges functional recovery in acute ischemic syndromes. However, its current clinical assessment is based upon visual interpretation of myocardial blush grade (MBG), which is operator dependent. The purpose of the study was to test whether quantification of MBG can enhance the predictive value of visual assessment ...
Kals Jaak - - 2008
Oxidative stress is a crucial pathophysiological mechanism of myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). We evaluated the cardioprotective effects of a novel glutathione analogue, UPF1 (4-methoxy-L-tyrosinyl-gamma-L-glutamyl-L-cysteinyl-glycine; MW 483.5), on an isolated rat heart model of thirty-minute global ischaemia followed by 90 min of reperfusion. Treatment with UPF1 (1 mg/ml) prior to ischaemia ...
Cohen Michael V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: It is unclear how reperfusion of infarcting hearts with alternating cycles of coronary reperfusion/occlusion attenuates infarction, but prevention of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) formation is crucial. Acidosis also suppresses MPTP formation. We tested whether postconditioning protects by maintaining acidosis during early reoxygenation. METHODS AND RESULTS: After 30-minute regional ...
Ueno Takayuki - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The Myocardial protective effects of taurine (TA) are well known. We investigated the optimal phase of giving taurine to reduce myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury in isolated rat hearts. METHODS: Isolated rat hearts were subjected to 20 min of global ischaemia followed by 60 min of reperfusion under three different conditions: ...
Coetzee André - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: An experimental study to examine the effect of verapamil, given into a coronary artery, on reperfusion injury. DESIGN: The study was randomized but not blinded. SETTING: This study was conducted in the animal laboratory of the Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care in an academic institution. PARTICIPANTS: The study ...
Pimenta Márcio Benedito Palma - - 2007
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the hind limbs or intestinal tract is the most important initiator of the inflammatory response secondary aortic clamping and hind limb ischemia/reperfusion injury. METHODS: Blood samples of Wistar rats obtained from posterior cava vein, portal vein, and heart cavity during ...
Wang Peipei - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Perioperative myocardial infarction adversely affects survival after cardiac operations. In animal studies Na+/H+ exchange inhibitors protect hearts against ischemia-reperfusion injury, but human trials have failed to consistently show beneficial effects. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the combination of the Na+/H+ exchange inhibitor cariporide and the ...
Wang Xiaoliang - - 2007
In vivo administration of L-arginine at different time points during the course of myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (MI/R) has been shown to differentially regulate postischemic apoptosis. Cardiac function is one of the most important indexes used to judge the degree of myocardial injury. The present study attempted to determine whether ...
Sasaki Hideki - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Recently, it has been reported that ischemic postconditioning, a brief episode of ischemia-reperfusion performed after prolonged ischemia, can reduce ischemic myocardial injury. However, the effects of ischemic postconditioning on ischemia/reperfusion injury remain unclear. We investigated the effects of brief ischemia-reperfusion before (ischemic preconditioning) and after (ischemic postconditioning) prolonged ischemia ...
Farooq Mohsin - - 2007
The last two decades of the 20th century witnessed continuous evolution in the understanding of the pathophysiology of ST elevation myocardial infarction. In parallel, the management of these patients developed steadily throughout this time and into the early years of the 21st century. From humble beginnings involving oxygen therapy, bed ...
Pabla R - - 2007
The role of nitric oxide (NO) in cardiac pathophysiology remains controversial. According to data from several studies using rat and rabbit isolated hearts, NO is an endogenous cardioprotectant against reperfusion-induced ventricular fibrillation (VF). Thus, if cardiac NO production is abolished by perfusion with L-N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME) (100 microM) there is ...
Zhu Z - - 2007
We have investigated the cardioprotective effects of novel tetrahydroisoquinoline nitrobenzylmercaptopurine riboside (NBMPR) analog nucleoside transport (NT) inhibitors, compounds 2 and 4, in isolated perfused rat hearts. Langendorff-perfused heart preparations were subjected to 10 min of treatment with compound 2, compound 4, or vehicle (control) followed by 30 min of global ...
Frangogiannis Nikolaos G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cardiac interstitial fibrosis plays an important role in the pathogenesis of ischemic cardiomyopathy, contributing to systolic and diastolic dysfunction. We have recently developed a mouse model of fibrotic noninfarctive cardiomyopathy due to brief repetitive myocardial ischemia and reperfusion. In this model, fibrotic changes are preceded by marked and selective ...
Schaefer U - - 2007
AIM: Reperfusion after myocardial ischaemia is associated with a distinct ischaemia/reperfusion injury. Since ACE-inhibition, beyond its influence on cardiac angiotensin II formation and kinin metabolism, has been shown to be cardioprotective by decreasing leucocyte adhesion and endothelin-1 (ET-1) release, we investigated the effects of intracoronary (i.c.) enalaprilat during primary angioplasty ...
Kawasumi Hisashi - - 2007
The cardioprotective effect of caldaret, a novel intracellular Ca(2+) handling modulator that acts through reverse-mode Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger inhibition and potential sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) uptake enhancement, against reperfusion injury was investigated. We employed a canine model of myocardial infarction induced by 90-min occlusion of left circumflex (LCX) coronary artery followed ...
Baks Timo - - 2007
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of delayed enhancement 64-MDCT in the assessment of myocardial infarct size in a porcine model of acute reperfused myocardial infarction. CT can be used for noninvasive assessment of coronary artery stenosis, but to our knowledge, evaluation of myocardial viability in ...
Nicolosi Alfred C - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The lanthanide cation, gadolinium (Gd(3+)), accelerates recovery of stunned myocardium when given prior to ischemia. This study sought to determine whether giving Gd(3+) during ischemia or during reperfusion also ameliorates stunning, as these temporal relationships could help determine the clinical utility of this novel agent. METHODS: Regional myocardial stunning ...
Hamid Shabaz A - - 2007
Intracellular signal transduction events in reperfusion following ischemia influence myocardial infarct development. Here we investigate the role of Rho kinase (ROCK) activation as a specific injury signal during reperfusion via attenuation of the reperfusion injury salvage kinase (RISK) pathway phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS). Rat isolated hearts ...
Lujan Heidi L - - 2007
Reperfusion after a brief period of cardiac ischemia can lead to potentially lethal arrhythmias. Clinical observations and experimental work with animals suggest that acupuncture may have therapeutic effects for individuals with coronary heart disease, certain arrhythmias, and myocardial ischemia. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that electroacupuncture reduces the susceptibility to ...
Yildirim Imren
Complement-1 esterase inhibitor (C1-INH), an endogenously derived compound, is a key mediator providing regulation of the complement system. In this study, the protective role of C1-INH was investigated in the setting of myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury. Guinea pig hearts (n = 20) were studied in control (n = 10) and ...
Olivecrona, Göran
Introduction: The mechanism of post ischemic reactive hyperemia is still unknown but now thought to be multifactorial and perhaps involving purinergic signalling. Purines such as ATP and ADP have recently been discovered to play a vital role in the regulation of vascular tone. We postulated that ADP could play a ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >