Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2817
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Phrommintikul Arintaya A Baker Heart Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia. - - 2010
The accurate measurement of myocardial salvage is critical to the ongoing refinement of reperfusion strategies in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) can define the area at risk in AMI by the presence of myocardial oedema, identified by high signal intensity on T(2)-weighted imaging with a short ...
Osipov Robert M - - 2009
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury occurs frequently in the setting of hypercholesterolemia. We investigated the potential efficacy of a novel thrombin fragment (TP508) on IR injury in a hypercholesterolemic porcine model. Twenty-one hypercholesterolemic male Yucatan pigs underwent 60 min of mid-left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion followed by 120 min of ...
Matsubara Muneaki M Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19036, - - 2011
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) has insulinomimetic, insulinotropic, and antiapoptotic properties that may make it a useful adjunct to reperfusion therapy for myocardial infarction (MI); however, GLP-1 has a short plasma half-life. Fusion of GLP-1 to human transferrin (GLP-1-Tf) significantly prolongs drug half-life. We tested the ability of single dose GLP-1-Tf to ...
Kaminski Karol A KA Medical University of Bialystok, Department of Cardiology, Bialystok, Poland. - - 2009
Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine involved in both inflammatory reaction and myocardial response to stress. Its effects largely depend on the concentration of the soluble receptors (sIL-6R and sgp130). We investigated the production of IL-6, sIL-6R and sgp130 by the heart during ischemia and reperfusion. The levels of ...
Abdel-Rahman U - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In clinical practice, reperfusion of ischemic myocardium usually occurs under high arterial oxygen levels. However, this might aggravate cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury caused by excessive oxidative stress. In an experimental in vivo study, the cardioprotective role of hypoxic reoxygenation during initial reperfusion was assessed. METHODS: Twenty-one adult pigs were started ...
Kaul Sanjiv - - 2009
Percutanous interventions and pharmacological thrombolysis are the current options for treatment of acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The former is limited by its availability and the latter by its efficacy. Sonothrombolysis has been demonstrated to be effective in achieving tissue perfusion in the peripheral arteries as well as in cerebral arteries. ...
Hausenloy Derek J - - 2009
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death globally. Following an acute coronary artery occlusion, timely myocardial reperfusion using either primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or thrombolytic therapy remains the most effective treatment strategy for reducing myocardial infarct size, preventing left ventricular remodelling, preserving left ventricular systolic function ...
Acikel Sadik - - 2010
Despite substantial advances in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction, ischemic cardiac injury and ventricular dysfunction may develop in patients undergoing reperfusion therapy. In the past few years, several experimental and clinical studies have investigated ways of enhancing myocardial salvage and regeneration. Although clinical evidence suggests that some treatment strategies ...
Turer Aslan T AT Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Box 31297, Erwin Rd, Durham, NC 27710, USA. - - 2009
Human myocardial metabolism has been incompletely characterized in the setting of surgical cardioplegic arrest and ischemia/reperfusion. Furthermore, the effect of preexisting ventricular state on ischemia-induced metabolic derangements has not been established. We applied a mass spectrometry-based platform to profile 63 intermediary metabolites in serial paired peripheral arterial and coronary sinus ...
Kambe Masaru - - 2009
Sivelestat, a neutrophil elastase inhibitor, has been shown to attenuate pulmonary injury during ischemia and reperfusion by improving microcirculation and may be effective as a cardioprotective agent. Isolated rat hearts were Langendorff-perfused (constant pressure, 75 mmHg) with oxygenated Krebs-Henseleit bicarbonate buffer (KHB). The optimal sivelestat concentration at 19 micromol/l was ...
Lauten Alexander - - 2009
Acute ischemia is a well-known inductor of extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling, which leads to the development of congestive heart failure and is associated with left ventricular dilatation. Here we investigate the timecourse of ECM processing with release of endostatin (ES) and other low-molecular-weight fragments during early ischemia-reperfusion of the heart. ...
Gross Garrett J - - 2009
Arachidonic acid is metabolized to a number of bioactive eicosanoid molecules by several enzymes, including enzymes of the COX, lipoxygenase and cytochrome P450 (CYP) monooxygenase pathways. Inhibition of the CYP omega-hydroxylase pathway, stimulation of the CYP-epoxygenase pathway and administration of exogenous epoxyeicosatrienoic acids resulted in cardioprotection in animal models of ...
Kong Wei W Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, - - 2009
Knowledge of transmural V(m) changes is important for understanding the mechanism of long-duration ventricular fibrillation (LDVF). The purpose of this study was to measure transmural V(m) changes during LDVF. V(m) was recorded optically at up to 8 transmural points separated by 1.5 mm in the left ventricle of Langendorff-perfused canine ...
Souktani Richard - - 2009
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the potential cardioprotective effects of an original approach based on the properties of the X chromosome-linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis (XIAP), the most effective endogenous inhibitor of apoptosis. For this purpose, the C-terminal part of XIAP (BIR3 and RING domains) was fused ...
Timmers Leo - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine whether exenatide is capable of reducing myocardial infarct size. BACKGROUND: Exenatide is a glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 analogue with insulinotropic and insulinomimetic properties. Because insulin and GLP-1 have been described as reducing apoptosis, exenatide might confer cardioprotection after acute myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: Pigs were ...
Tissier Renaud R INSERM U955, Equipe 3, 94010 Créteil cedex, - - 2009
We investigated whether rapid cooling instituted by total liquid ventilation (TLV) improves cardiac and mitochondrial function in rabbits submitted to ischaemia-reperfusion. Rabbits were chronically instrumented with a coronary artery occluder and myocardial ultrasonic crystals for assessment of segment length-shortening. Two weeks later they were re-anaesthetized and underwent either a normothermic ...
Rao Yan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the protective effects of 8% emulsified isoflurane after myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury and its mechanism in rabbits. METHODS: Twenty-four male adult New Zealand white rabbits were anesthetized with intravenous injection of 30 mg/kg pentobarbital followed by 5 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1) infusion. All rabbits were subjected to ...
Roesner Jan P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The fibrin-derived peptide Bbeta15-42 (also called FX06) has been shown to reduce myocardial infarct size following ischemia/reperfusion. Hemorrhagic shock (HS) followed by volume resuscitation represents a similar scenario, whereby a whole organism is vulnerable to reperfusion injury. DESIGN: We subjected male farm-bred landrace pigs ( approximately 30 kg) to ...
Smul Thorsten M - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The authors tested the hypothesis that desflurane-induced cardioprotection depends on the timing of application and whether desflurane-induced postconditioning is mediated by nitric oxide. DESIGN: A prospective randomized vehicle-controlled study. SETTING: A university research laboratory. SUBJECTS: New Zealand White rabbits (N = 56). INTERVENTIONS: Rabbits were instrumented and subjected to ...
Wang Qi-qi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Cyclophosphamide has a role of decreasing high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in the treatment of autoimmune disorders. The effect of cyclophosphasmide on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein was investigated in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion rat. METHODS: Open-chest rats were submitted to 30 minutes of ischemia and followed for 3, 12, or 24 hours of reperfusion. ...
Odenstedt Jacob - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The ventricular repolarization (VR) response to short-lasting coronary occlusion has been characterized by 3-dimensional vectorcardiography during angioplasty in humans; the T-vector loop becomes distorted (increased T(avplan)) and more circular (decreased T(eigenvalue)), but these changes have not been related to ventricular arrhythmias. PURPOSE: The VR response was therefore explored in ...
Yang Zequan Z Department of Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA. - - 2009
Acute hyperglycemia is independently associated with larger myocardial infarct size in both diabetic and nondiabetic patients. We hypothesized that the oxidative stress imposed by acute hyperglycemia contributes to the exacerbation of infarct size during reperfusion. C57BL/6 mice underwent 30 minutes of occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery followed ...
Montecucco Fabrizio - - 2009
Preventive treatment with cannabinoid agonists has been reported to reduce the infarct size in a mouse model of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion. Here we investigated the possible cardioprotective effect of selective CB(2) cannabinoid receptor activation during ischemia. We performed left coronary artery ligature in C57Bl/6 mice for 30 min, followed by 24 ...
Indrambarya Toonchai - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Arginine vasopressin is a vasoactive drug commonly used in distributive shock states including mixed shock with a cardiac component. However, the direct effect of arginine vasopressin on the function of the ischemia/reperfusion injured heart has not been clearly elucidated. METHODS: We measured left ventricular ejection fraction using trans-thoracic echocardiography ...
Vosseler M - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Clinical differentiation between infarcted and viable myocardium in the ischemic area at risk is controversial. We investigated the potential of contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (ceCMRI) in determining the area at risk 24 h after ischemia. METHODS: Myocardial ischemia was induced by percutaneous coronary intervention of the left anterior ...
Molina Carlos A - - 2009
Arterial recanalization and subsequent reperfusion have extensively demonstrated the ability to restore the brain function when performed shortly after acute ischemic stroke. Experimental and human studies have consistently demonstrated that early tissue reperfusion may limit ischemic tissue enlargement, leading to a reduced infarct size and favorable clinical outcome. However, arterial ...
Kristensen Jens - - 2009
Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1) analogues are promising new treatment options for patients with type 2 diabetes, but may have both potentially beneficial and harmful cardiovascular effects. This may also be the case for the analogues of GLP1 for clinical use. The present study examined the effect of treatment with liraglutide, ...
Dai Wangde - - 2009
The cardioprotective effects of activation of the A(2A) adenosine receptor (A(2A)AR) on ischemia/reperfusion injury in the heart remain controversial. We investigated whether ATL 313, a new selective A(2A)AR agonist, could reduce myocardial infarct size in a rat ischemia/reperfusion model. Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to a 40 minute occlusion of the ...
Carnieto Alberto A - - 2009
Acute myocardial infarction is associated with tissue inflammation. Early coronary reperfusion clearly improves the outcome but may help propagate the inflammatory response and enhance tissue damage. Cyclooxygenase-2 is an enzyme that catalyzes the initial step in the formation of inflammatory prostaglandins from arachidonic acid. Cyclooxygenase-2 levels are increased when ischemic ...
Hamamoto Hirotsugu H Harrison Department of Surgical Research, Glenolden Research Laboratory, Glenolden, Pennsylvania 19036, - - 2009
Mild hypothermia (< 4 degrees C) improves myocardial salvage after infarct reperfusion in animals and in early clinical studies. In this experiment the effect of mild hypothermia during ischemia and early reperfusion on long-term postinfarction left ventricular (LV) remodeling was assessed in an ovine infarct model. In the initial phase ...
Kanemoto Shinya S Harrison Department of Surgical Research, Glenolden Research Laboratory, University of Pennsylvania, Glenolden, Pennsylvania 19036, - - 2009
Hypothermia during ischemia has been shown to reduce myocardial reperfusion injury. We sought to establish the cardioprotective effect of very mild total-body hypothermia (<or= 2.5 degrees C) and to determine whether the application of hypothermia at different points during the ischemia-reperfusion period influenced the degree of myocardial salvage. Rabbits were ...
Hu Zhao-Yang - - 2009
PURPOSE: Pretreatment with volatile anesthetics has been demonstrated to exert cardioprotective effects. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of emulsified isoflurane, a new formulation of isoflurane in lipid emulsion, administered intravenously in an ischemia and reperfusion model of myocardial injury. METHODS: Thirty-two Sprague Dawley rats of ...
Burley Dwaine S - - 2009
Postconditioning is an intervention in which controlled, brief, intermittent periods of ischaemia at the onset of reperfusion protect myocardium from the lethal consequences of reperfusion ('reperfusion injury'). Postconditioning has been demonstrated in humans with acute myocardial infarction and offers the possibility of further limiting infarct size in patients undergoing reperfusion ...
Gundewar Susheel S Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, - - 2009
Clinical studies have reported that the widely used antihyperglycemic drug metformin significantly reduces cardiac risk factors and improves clinical outcomes in patients with heart failure. The mechanisms by which metformin exerts these cardioprotective effects remain unclear and may be independent of antihyperglycemic effects. We tested the hypothesis that chronic activation ...
Isaka Mitsuhiro - - 2008
Perfluoro-octyl bromide (PFOB), one of the perfluorochemical oxygen transporters, improved postischemic cardiac dysfunctions. Also norepinephrine (NE) is one of the important inducible factors on reperfusion arrhythmias (ventricular fibrillation [VF]). We used these methods to evaluate the relationship between PFOB emulsion and NE release on reperfusion arrhythmias. The perfusion of isolated ...
Skyschally Andreas - - 2009
Ischemic postconditioning (IPoC) reduces infarct size following ischemia/reperfusion. Whether or not phosphorylation of RISK (reperfusion injury salvage kinases) (AKT, ERK1/2, P70S6K, GSK3beta) is causal for protection by IPoC is controversial. We therefore studied the impact of RISK on IPoC in anesthetized pigs subjected to 90 minutes of left anterior descending ...
García-Villalón Angel Luis - - 2009
AIMS: Diadenosine polyphosphates are vasoactive mediators that may be released from platelet granules and which may be present at higher concentrations during coronary ischaemia-reperfusion. The objective of this study was to analyse their effects in such conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rat hearts were perfused in a Langendorff preparation and the ...
Penna Claudia - - 2009
Whether cardioprotection by postconditioning (PostC) is gender dependent is not clear. We studied the effect of PostC in terms of both infarct size (IS) and post-ischemic systolic dysfunction (PSD) reduction. Isolated male and female rat hearts were subjected to 10- or 30-min of global ischemia and 120-min of reperfusion, with ...
de Diego Carlos C UCLA Cardiovascular Research Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2008
Electrophysiological changes promoting arrhythmias during acute regional ischemia/reperfusion are challenging to study in intact cardiac tissue because of complex 3-dimensional myocardial and vascular geometry. We characterized electrophysiological alterations and arrhythmias during regional ischemia/reperfusion in a simpler 2-dimensional geometry of cultured neonatal rat ventricular myocyte monolayers. Optical mapping of intracellular Ca ...
Henninger Nils - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) is increasingly used to assess adequate occlusion after embolic stroke (ES) in rats. METHODS: Employing LDF, relative regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was continuously monitored during the first 2 h following ES and correlated with 24 h 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC)-staining of corrected infarct ...
Gibson C Michael - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Among patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), rapid reperfusion is associated with improved mortality. As such, door-to-needle (D2N) and door-to-balloon (D2B) times have become metrics of quality of care and targets for intense quality improvement. METHODS: The National Registry of Myocardial Infarction (NRMI) collected data regarding reperfusion therapy, ...
Larsen J R - - 2008
AIMS: Volatile anaesthetics prevent experimental myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury (I/R) in several species, but this finding is partially inconsistent with clinical evidence. Some experimental models may not accurately represent the complex signal transduction pathways triggered by volatile anaesthetics. We therefore investigated sevoflurane I/R prevention in vivo in a porcine model with ...
Merritt Matthew E ME Advanced Imaging Research Center, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA. - - 2008
Isolated rat hearts were studied by (31)P NMR and (13)C NMR. Hyperpolarized [1-(13)C]pyruvate was supplied to control normoxic hearts and production of [1-(13)C]lactate, [1-(13)C]alanine, (13)CO(2) and H(13)CO(-) (3) was monitored with 1-s temporal resolution. Hearts were also subjected to 10 min of global ischemia followed by reperfusion. Developed pressure, heart ...
Mohan Iyyapu K - - 2009
Many cardiac interventional procedures, such as coronary angioplasty, stenting, and thrombolysis, attempt to reintroduce blood flow (reperfusion) to an ischemic region of myocardium. However, the reperfusion is accompanied by a complex cascade of cellular and molecular events resulting in oxidative damage, termed myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. In this study, we ...
McCully James D JD Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Institutes of Medicine, 77 Ave. Louis Pasteur, Rm. 144, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2009
Previously, we demonstrated that ischemia induces mitochondrial damage and dysfunction that persist throughout reperfusion and impact negatively on postischemic functional recovery and cellular viability. We hypothesized that viable respiration-competent mitochondria, isolated from tissue unaffected by ischemia and then injected into the ischemic zone just before reperfusion, would enhance postischemic functional ...
Yang Zequan - - 2008
The activation of adenosine 2A receptors before reperfusion following coronary artery occlusion reduces infarct size and improves ejection fraction (EF). In this study, we examined the effects of delaying treatment with the adenosine 2A receptor agonist ATL146e (ATL) until 1 h postreperfusion. The infarct size and EF were serially assessed ...
Motoki Atsuko - - 2008
Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) metabolizes epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) to dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids. EETs are formed from arachidonic acid during myocardial ischemia and play a protective role against ischemic cell death. Deletion of sEH has been shown to be protective against myocardial ischemia in the isolated heart preparation. We tested the hypothesis ...
Lie R H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Timely reperfusion is a prerequisite for myocardial salvage; however, re-oxygenation of the ischemic myocardium initiates reperfusion injury. Post-conditioning diminishes the detrimental aftermath of an acute myocardial infarction through alleviation of reperfusion injury. Ischemic post-conditioning consists of a series of brief interruptions in the coronary blood supply that has to ...
LeDoux John F - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that unloading the left ventricle with intra-aortic balloon counter-pulsation just prior to reperfusion provides infarct salvage compared with left ventricular (LV) unloading postreperfusion or reperfusion alone. BACKGROUND: Previous reports demonstrated infarct salvage with complete LV unloading with an LVAD prior to reperfusion; however, partial LV ...
Inserte Javier - - 2009
AIMS: Indirect data suggest that delayed recovery of intracellular pH (pHi) during reperfusion is involved in postconditioning protection, and calpain activity has been shown to be pH-dependent. We sought to characterize the effect of ischaemic postconditioning on pHi recovery during reperfusion and on calpain-dependent proteolysis, an important mechanism of myocardial ...
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