Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2809
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Kupai Krisztina - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to investigate if hyperlipidemia interferes with the infarct size-limiting effect of postconditioning and to study the involvement of peroxynitrite in this phenomenon. Rats were fed a 2% cholesterol-enriched or normal diet for 12 wk. Infarct size by triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining was measured in ...
Kilter H - - 2009
Results on the cardiovascular effects of PPAR-gamma agonists are conflicting. On one hand, it was suggested that the PPAR-gamma agonist rosiglitazone may increase the risk of cardiovascular events. On the other hand, PPAR-gamma agonists reduce myocardial infarct size and improve myocardial function during ischemia/reperfusion in animal studies in vivo. However, ...
Riess Matthias L ML Anesthesiology Research Laboratories, Department of Anesthesiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53226, USA. - - 2009
Infarct size (IS) is an important variable to estimate cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury in animal models. Triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) stains viable cells red while leaving infarcted cells unstained. To quantify IS, infarcted and non-infarcted tissue is often manually dissected and weighed (IS-DW). An alternative is to measure infarcted areas by cumulative ...
Zhang Fengjiang - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Recent studies showed that ischaemic postconditioning converted persistent ventricular fibrillation to sinus rhythm. The influence of anaesthetic postconditioning on ventricular fibrillation has not yet been determined. In the present study, we studied the possible effect of sevoflurane postconditioning on persistent reperfusion-induced ventricular fibrillation in the isolated rat ...
Hartner William C - - 2009
A major obstacle to drug therapy for treatment of potential myocardial infarction is the limited access to the ischemic myocardium by drugs in an active form. Encouraging results have been reported with liposomes loaded with ATP in a variety of in vitro and in vivo models. We describe methods for ...
Ragone María Inés - - 2009
The role of mitochondrial transporters in the cardioprotection of rat hearts exposed to high [K+]-low [Ca2+]-cardioplegia (CPG) and ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) was studied through the mechano-energetic consequences of target drugs. The total heat rate (Ht) and the left intraventricular pressure (LVP) were simultaneously measured in isolated perfused hearts (30 ...
Hamid Shabaz A - - 2010
We demonstrated previously that adrenomedullin (AM), when given during early reperfusion, limited infarct size in rat heart. The present study was undertaken to provide direct evidence of the NO-dependency of AM's cardioprotective action by assessing NO biosynthesis and involvement of the soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) pathway. Perfused hearts from male ...
Andrews D T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) pressure-volume (PV) loops were used to compare the functional effects that accompany the cardioprotection seen with desflurane, sevoflurane, and propofol in a rabbit preparation of coronary ischaemia-reperfusion (IR). METHODS: Male New Zealand White rabbits (n=48) were anaesthetized with propofol (70 mg kg(-1) h(-1)), desflurane (8.9%), or ...
Park Haengnam - - 2011
Although β-blockers are used to prevent myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury, the risk of heart failure has limited β-blocker therapy in patients with acute myocardial infarction. This study evaluated efficacy of intracoronary administration of the short-acting β-blocker, landiolol, during reperfusion in pigs with acute myocardial ischemia. In the non-ischemic model landiolol administered ...
Nakamura Yoshinori - - 2009
Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndrome. We have recently demonstrated that the administration of edaravone before reperfusion attenuated reperfusion injury in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Plasma MCP-1 levels were measured in 45 consecutive patients with AMI (edaravone group, n=25; ...
Liu Hui-min - - 2011
15-F(2t)-isoprostane (IsoP), a marker of reactive oxygen species-induced oxidative stress, is increased after myocardial ischemia and reperfusion. It exerts deleterious effects on postischemic myocardium accompanied with increased release of endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor. We hypothesized that IsoP exacerbates myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury by stimulating ET-1 production, and that ET-1 blockade ...
Petrosillo Giuseppe - - 2009
Melatonin, a well-known antioxidant, has been shown to protect against ischemia-reperfusion myocardial damage. Mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) opening is an important event in cardiomyocyte cell death occurring during ischemia-reperfusion and therefore a possible target for cardioprotection. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that melatonin could protect heart ...
Metzsch C - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Levosimendan and volatile anesthetics have myocardial pre-conditioning effects. beta-1 adrenergic receptor antagonists may inhibit the protective effect of volatile anesthetics. No information exists as to whether this also applies to the pre-conditioning effect of levosimendan. We therefore investigated whether levosimendan added to metoprolol would demonstrate a cardioprotective effect. METHODS: ...
Braunersreuther Vincent - - 2010
Although beneficial for cardiomyocyte salvage and to limit myocardial damage and cardiac dysfunction, restoration of blood flow after prolonged ischemia exacerbates myocardial injuries. Several deleterious processes that contribute to cardiomyocyte death have been proposed, including massive release of reactive oxygen species, calcium overload and hypercontracture development or leukocyte infiltration within ...
Ferrera R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There is not general agreement concerning the optimal time of reperfusion necessary to assess myocardial function and necrosis on isolated perfused heart model. Nevertheless, the study of cardioprotection (especially, pre- and postconditioning) requires a reliable and standardized assessment of myocardial necrosis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was thus ...
Le Grand Bruno - - 2009
We report the discovery of a selective, potent inhibitor of the late current mediated by the cardiac isoform of the sodium channel (Na(V)1.5). The compound, 3,4-dihydro-N-[(2S)-3-[(2-hydroxy-3-methylphenyl)thio]-2-methylpropyl]-2H-(3R)-1,5-benzoxathiepin-3-amine (2d) (F 15741), blocks the late component of the Na(+) currents and greatly reduces veratridine- or ischemia-induced contracture in isolated tissue and whole heart. ...
Tamareille Sophie - - 2009
Ischemic postconditioning (IPost) and erythropoietin (EPO) have been shown to attenuate myocardial reperfusion injury using similar signaling pathways. The aim of this study was to examine whether EPO is as effective as IPost in decreasing postischemic myocardial injury in both Langendorff-isolated-heart and in vivo ischemia-reperfusion rat models. Rat hearts were ...
Schwarz Ernst R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Early studies in different stress models have shown potential beneficial effects of exogenous zinc application with reduction in the rate of apoptotic cell death. This has not been shown in models of myocardial infarction. METHODS: Rats were exposed to either brief episodes of acute ischemia followed by reperfusion (phase ...
Zhao Huan-Xin - - 2010
Postconditioning (PostC) has regenerated interest as a mechanical intervention against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury, but its molecular mechanisms remain elusive. This study tested the hypothesis that hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) plays a role in PostC-induced cardioprotection. Male Wistar rats were subjected to 30 min ischemia followed by 3 h of reperfusion ...
Sun Qiang - - 2009
Protective effect of hydrogen (H(2)) gas on cardiac ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury has been demonstrated previously. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that hydrogen-rich saline (saline saturated with molecular hydrogen), which is easy to use, induces cardioprotection against ischemia (30 min) and reperfusion (24 h) injury in rats. Adult ...
Methner C - - 2009
AIM: The endogenous autacoid bradykinin (BK) reportedly reduces myocardial infarct size when given exogenously at reperfusion. Muscarinic and opioid G-protein-coupled receptors are equally protective and have been shown to couple through a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-dependent transactivation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Here we test whether BK protects the ...
Mourouzis Iordanis - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We explored the effects of morphine administration during reperfusion period after an index ischaemia as well as potential molecular mechanisms underlying this response. This is of important clinical value, as morphine is used routinely in cardiovascular anaesthesia and in the emergency management of cardiac infarction. METHODS: Male ...
Oates Aris - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We previously evaluated cardioprotective effects of glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) in a porcine ischemia-reperfusion model; our results showed less myocardial pH decrease during ischemia and reperfusion and faster normalization of ATP and glucose during reperfusion. The proposed protective mechanism was facilitation of glucose transport for myocardial metabolism. The objective of this ...
Urdaneta Felipe - - 2009
Propofol and isoflurane may be used during fast track anesthesia for off-pump bypass, where transient ischemia is common. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of propofol vs isoflurane in a porcine model of acute coronary occlusion. Twenty five pigs were randomized to receive general anesthesia with ...
Minatoguchi Shinya - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Acarbose, an antidiabetic drug, is an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor that can inhibit glucose absorption in the intestine. A recent large-scale clinical trial, STOP-NIDDM, showed that acarbose reduces the risk of myocardial infarction. We examined whether acarbose reduces myocardial infarct size and investigated its mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rabbits were fed ...
Sodha Neel R NR Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass., - - 2009
Hydrogen sulfide is produced endogenously in response to myocardial ischemia and thought to be cardioprotective. The mechanism underlying this protection has yet to be fully elucidated, but it may be related to sulfide's ability to limit inflammation. This study investigates the cardioprotection provided by exogenous hydrogen sulfide and its potential ...
Vié Bruno - - 2009
The present study investigates whether 3-(R)-[3-(2-methoxyphenylthio-2-(S)-methylpropyl]amino-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,5-benzoxathiepine bromhydrate (F 15845), a new, persistent sodium current blocker, can reduce the ischemic Na(+) accumulation and exert short- and long-term cardioprotection after myocardial infarction. First, F 15845 concentration-dependently reduced veratrine-induced diastolic contracture (IC(50) = 0.14 microM) in isolated atria. Second, F 15845 from 1 ...
Patel Rajan A G RA Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, - - 2009
This study was undertaken to determine whether the myocardial infarct-sparing effect of ATL-146e, a selective adenosine A(2A) receptor agonist, persists without a rebound effect for at least 48 h and to determine the optimal duration of ATL-146e treatment in anesthetized dogs. Reperfusion injury after myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with ...
Kang Sheng - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expressions of eNOS3 and Ve-cadherin at the first week of reperfused acute myocardial infarction (AMI). METHODS: 16 of mini-swines (20 to 30 Kg) were randomly assigned to the sham-operated group and the AMI group. Pathologic myocardial tissue was collected at 7-day of LAD reperfusion and assessed ...
Liang Ying - - 2009
Reperfusion arrhythmia (RA) is one of the main complications which are also an important cause of sudden cardiac death. The aim of this study was to clarify whether grape seed proanthocyanidins extracts (GSPE) were therapeutic agents against RA. The models of cardiac ischemic reperfusion injury were established in rabbits. GSPE ...
French Christopher J - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Erythropoietin (EPO) has been thought to be capable of potentiating protection of jeopardized myocardium by reperfusion in evolving myocardial infarction. However, diversity in study design and measurements of infarct size in studies evaluating EPO has led to inconsistent results. We sought to characterize the effect of EPO on infarct ...
Salloum Fadi N - - 2009
PURPOSE: Myocardial ischemia induces cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) expression. We evaluated the effects of parecoxib, a COX-2 inhibitor, in 2 different mouse models of myocardial ischemia: permanent left coronary artery ligation (PI) and transient ligation (30 minutes ischemia) followed by reperfusion (I/R). METHODS: Forty adult male Institute of Cancer Research mice ...
Maden Orhan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Elevated values of mean platelet volume (MPV) and elevated white blood cell (WBC) count are predictors of an unfavourable outcome among survivors of ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, their relationship with reperfusion abnormalities is less clear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of admission MPV and WBC count ...
Pérez de Prado Armando - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Progress in cardiovascular regenerative medicine research requires the availability of appropriate experimental animal models that are as close to humans as feasible. Our objective was to assess the validity of a porcine endovascular model of myocardial infarction and reperfusion. METHODS: Fifteen domestic pigs (Large White race) were anesthetized and ...
Rodr??guez-Sinovas Antonio - - 2009
Previous studies suggested that prolongation of acidosis during reperfusion is protective and may be an important mechanism of postconditioning protection. The aim of this study was to analyze the therapeutic value of this intervention during in vivo coronary reperfusion, and to compare it with ischemic postconditioning. Pigs were submitted to ...
Hein M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Right ventricular (RV) function is an important determinant of survival after myocardial infarction. The efficacy of reperfusion therapy might be increased by the cardioprotective action of inotropic agents, which are used for symptomatic therapy in situations with compromised hemodynamics. Therefore, we used a porcine model of RV ischemia and ...
Jin Yong Chun - - 2009
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective effect of cryptotanshinone (CTS), one of active ingredients of Salvia miltiorrhiza root, on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat due to inhibition of some inflammatory events that occur by NF-kappaB-activation during ischemia and reperfusion. Myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury was ...
Rong Fan - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It remains unclear whether U50488H (a selective kappa-opioid receptor agonist) produces anti-apoptotic effect during ischemia and reperfusion (I/R). Therefore, the effect of U50488H on myocardial apoptosis was investigated in the present study. METHODS: Rats were subjected to 45min coronary artery occlusion and 180min of reperfusion. U50488H (1.5mg/kg ...
Martín Abraham - - 2009
Glucose consumption is severely depressed in the ischemic core, whereas it is maintained or even increased in penumbral regions during ischemia. Conversely, glucose utilization is severely reduced early after reperfusion in spite that glucose and oxygen are available. Experimental studies suggest that glucose hypometabolism might be an early predictor of ...
Paiva Marta M The Hatter Cardiovascular Institute, University College London Medical School, London, United - - 2009
Metformin improves cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes compared with other glucose-lowering drugs. Experimental studies have shown that metformin can increase the intracellular concentration of adenosine monophosphate, which is a major determinant of the intracellular formation of adenosine. We hypothesize that metformin, given at reperfusion, can limit myocardial ...
Krieg Thomas - - 2009
AIMS: BAY 58-2667 (BAY-58) directly activates soluble guanylyl cyclase without tolerance in a nitric oxide (NO)-independent manner, and its haemodynamic effect is similar to that of nitroglycerin. We tested whether BAY-58 could make both rabbit and rat hearts resistant to infarction when given at the end of an ischaemic insult. ...
Jintapakorn Woravut - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Varied reasons existed for not offering reperfusion therapy in ST elevation myocardial infarction and results in poor outcomes, and if related factors could be delineated, corrective measures can be attempted. METHOD: We compared variables between participants not receiving reperfusion therapy and those receiving single reperfusion therapy. Multivariate analysis examined ...
Phrommintikul Arintaya A Baker Heart Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia. - - 2010
The accurate measurement of myocardial salvage is critical to the ongoing refinement of reperfusion strategies in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) can define the area at risk in AMI by the presence of myocardial oedema, identified by high signal intensity on T(2)-weighted imaging with a short ...
Osipov Robert M - - 2009
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury occurs frequently in the setting of hypercholesterolemia. We investigated the potential efficacy of a novel thrombin fragment (TP508) on IR injury in a hypercholesterolemic porcine model. Twenty-one hypercholesterolemic male Yucatan pigs underwent 60 min of mid-left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion followed by 120 min of ...
Matsubara Muneaki M Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19036, - - 2011
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) has insulinomimetic, insulinotropic, and antiapoptotic properties that may make it a useful adjunct to reperfusion therapy for myocardial infarction (MI); however, GLP-1 has a short plasma half-life. Fusion of GLP-1 to human transferrin (GLP-1-Tf) significantly prolongs drug half-life. We tested the ability of single dose GLP-1-Tf to ...
Kaminski Karol A KA Medical University of Bialystok, Department of Cardiology, Bialystok, Poland. - - 2009
Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine involved in both inflammatory reaction and myocardial response to stress. Its effects largely depend on the concentration of the soluble receptors (sIL-6R and sgp130). We investigated the production of IL-6, sIL-6R and sgp130 by the heart during ischemia and reperfusion. The levels of ...
Abdel-Rahman U - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: In clinical practice, reperfusion of ischemic myocardium usually occurs under high arterial oxygen levels. However, this might aggravate cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury caused by excessive oxidative stress. In an experimental in vivo study, the cardioprotective role of hypoxic reoxygenation during initial reperfusion was assessed. METHODS: Twenty-one adult pigs were started ...
Kaul Sanjiv - - 2009
Percutanous interventions and pharmacological thrombolysis are the current options for treatment of acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The former is limited by its availability and the latter by its efficacy. Sonothrombolysis has been demonstrated to be effective in achieving tissue perfusion in the peripheral arteries as well as in cerebral arteries. ...
Hausenloy Derek J - - 2009
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death globally. Following an acute coronary artery occlusion, timely myocardial reperfusion using either primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or thrombolytic therapy remains the most effective treatment strategy for reducing myocardial infarct size, preventing left ventricular remodelling, preserving left ventricular systolic function ...
Acikel Sadik - - 2010
Despite substantial advances in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction, ischemic cardiac injury and ventricular dysfunction may develop in patients undergoing reperfusion therapy. In the past few years, several experimental and clinical studies have investigated ways of enhancing myocardial salvage and regeneration. Although clinical evidence suggests that some treatment strategies ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >