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Jin Yulan - - 2010
While autophagy is induced by myocardial ischemia/reperfusion, it is unclear whether autophagy is detrimental or beneficial to myocardial survival during ischemia/reperfusion. Isolated rat hearts were subjected to 30 min regional ischemia followed by 2 h of reperfusion. Autophagy was determined by the ratio of LC3 -II to LC3-I with Western ...
van der Pals Jesper - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Ectonucleotidase dependent adenosine generation has been implicated in preconditioning related cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion injury, and treatment with a soluble ectonucleotidase has been shown to reduce myocardial infarct size (IS) when applied prior to induction of ischemia. However, ectonucleotidase treatment according to a clinically applicable protocol, with administration only after ...
Jung Christian - - 2010
AIMS: Nitric oxide (NO) is vital for the integrity of the cardiovascular system and protection against ischaemic heart disease. Arginase is up-regulated during ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) and this enzyme might compete with NO synthase (NOS) for arginine. The present study investigated whether arginase blockade protects from myocardial IR injury and whether ...
Luo Yi - - 2010
To investigate changes in the coronary microcirculation during myocardial stunning in dogs. Male mongrel dogs underwent a 15- or 60-min occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery, followed by a 120-min reperfusion. Myocardial contrast echocardiography was performed before and after treatment with acetylcholine (ACH) or nitroglycerin (NG). Peak videointensity ...
Tawa Masashi - - 2010
We investigated whether the cardioprotective effect of ischemic postconditioning (postC) against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced cardiac dysfunction is associated with the negative control of I/R-enhanced norepinephrine (NE) overflow, an aggravating factor of I/R injury, in comparison with the effects induced by ischemic preconditioning (preC). According to the Langendorff technique, isolated rat hearts ...
Zhao Gaixia - - 2010
Reperfusion arrhythmias (RA) especially ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF) remain the most important causes of sudden death following reperfusion. In isolated rat hearts grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) had been proved to reduce the incidence of reperfusion-induced VF and VT. However the mechanism of this protection remained unclear. ...
Bester Dirk J - - 2010
Recent studies have shown that dietary red palm oil (RPO) supplementation improves functional recovery following ischaemia/reperfusion in isolated hearts. The main aim of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary RPO supplementation on myocardial infarct size after ischaemia/reperfusion injury. The effects of dietary RPO supplementation on matrix metalloproteinase-2 ...
Apostolakis Efstratios E - - 2010
Patient's myocardium with post-infarction ventricular septum defect (VSD) is characterized by severe dysfunction. The "additive ischemia" caused by the operating process of cross-clamp ischemia and reperfusion injury, has a significant aggravation to the myocardium and overall negative impact to patient's outcome. We present a useful, safe and advantageous methodology in ...
Veres Gábor - - 2010
Inosine, a break-down product of adenosine has been recently shown to exert inodilatory and anti-inflammatory properties. Furthermore inosine might be a key substrate of pharmacological post-conditioning. In the present pre-clinical study, we investigated the effects of inosine on cardiac function during reperfusion in an experimental model of cardioplegic arrest and ...
van der Pals Jesper - - 2010
Polymorphonuclear neutrophils, stimulated by the activated complement factor C5a, have been implicated in cardiac ischemia/reperfusion injury. ADC-1004 is a competitive C5a receptor antagonist that has been shown to inhibit complement related neutrophil activation. ADC-1004 shields the neutrophils from C5a activation before they enter the reperfused area, which could be a ...
Onuma Mamoru - - 2010
Right lateral position (RL) chest radiograms were obtained from 27 heart disease-free rabbits, and cardiac sizes were compared according to body weight (<1.6 vs. > or =1.6 kg) and gender (female vs. male). Significant differences (P<0.05) were observed in RL-long axis (RL-LA) and RL-vertebral heart size (RL-VHS). RL-LA was 4.22 ...
Arslan Fatih - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Reperfusion therapy for myocardial infarction is hampered by detrimental inflammatory responses partly via Toll-like receptor (TLR) activation. Targeting TLR signaling may optimize reperfusion therapy and enhance cell survival and heart function after myocardial infarction. Here, we evaluated the role of TLR2 as a therapeutic target using a novel monoclonal ...
Couvreur Nicolas - - 2010
To investigate the adaptations of left ventricular function and calcium handling to chronic heart rate reduction with ivabradine in the reperfused heart. Rabbits underwent 20 min coronary artery occlusion followed by 3 weeks of reperfusion. Throughout reperfusion, rabbits received ivabradine (10 mg/kg/day) or vehicle (control). Ivabradine reduced heart rate by ...
Schmidt Katharina K Department of Cardiology, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University, Greifswald, - - 2010
Pre-treatment with mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonists is reported to reduce myocardial infarct size from ischaemia/reperfusion. Here, we tested whether the MR antagonists potassium canrenoate and eplerenone could protect in the more clinically relevant schedule of administration at the end of ischaemia. In all models, hearts were subjected to 30 min ...
Sun Hai-Yan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There are few studies to assess whether propofol attenuates myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury via a mechanism related to nitric oxide (NO) route, so we designed this randomized blinded experiment to observe the changes of NO contents, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity, NOS contents in the myocardium, and cardiac function in ...
Posa A - - 2010
We investigated the protective effect of ischaemic preconditioning (IP) on the maintenance of coronary patency using on-line measurements of coronary pressures and blood flow in a closed-chest reperfused acute myocardial infarction (MI) model in pigs. Catheter-based 90-min occlusion followed by 60-min reperfusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) ...
Tang Wai Ho WH Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, - - 2010
A number of studies have shown that the polyol pathway, consisting of aldose reductase (AR) and sorbitol dehydrogenase (SDH), contributes to ischemia-reperfusion (I/R)-induced myocardial infarction due to depletion of ATP. In this report we show that the polyol pathway in I/R heart also contributes to the impairment of sacro/endoplasmic reticulum ...
Ricci Jason M - - 2009
Patients with acute right ventricular (RV) infarctions are prone to ventricular arrhythmias, but little is known regarding the temporal patterns of these arrhythmias, their impact on outcomes, or their relation to the severity of RV impairment. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of malignant ventricular arrhythmias ...
Durgan David J DJ Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 703 19th St S, ZRB 308, Birmingham, AL 35294, - - 2010
Cardiovascular physiology and pathophysiology vary dramatically over the course of the day. For example, myocardial infarction onset occurs with greater incidence during the early morning hours in humans. However, whether myocardial infarction tolerance exhibits a time-of-day dependence is unknown. To investigate whether time of day of an ischemic insult influences ...
Milano Giuseppina - - 2010
In contrast to the clinical evidence, experimental studies showed that chronic hypoxia (CH) confers a certain degree of protection against ischaemia-reperfusion damage. We studied the effects of daily reoxygenation during CH (CHReox) on hearts exposed to ischaemia-reperfusion. We also separated the intrinsic effects on the myocardium of CH and CHReox ...
Vogt Sebastian - - 2009
Simultaneous measurements of extracellular pH, potassium (K(+)), and calcium (Ca(2+)) activity might be indicative of myocardium vitality or ischemia. Ten consecutive patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting were studied. Epicardial extracellular pH, potassium, and calcium were measured by a miniaturized disposable multi-sensor probe. Blood gases and electrolytes were derived ...
Francone Marco - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the extent and nature of myocardial damage by using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in relation to different time-to-reperfusion intervals. BACKGROUND: Previous studies evaluating the influence of time to reperfusion on infarct size (IS) and myocardial salvage in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) have yielded conflicting ...
Ravingerov? T?na - - 2009
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR), which are key transcriptional regulators of lipid metabolism and energy production, have been suggested to play an important role in myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Their role in cardioprotection, however, is not yet fully elucidated. Statins have shown beneficial effects on I/R damage beyond lipid lowering, and ...
Kasumov Takhar - - 2009
During reperfusion, following myocardial ischemia, uncompensated loss of citric acid cycle (CAC) intermediates may impair CAC flux and energy transduction. Propionate has an anaplerotic effect when converted to the CAC intermediate succinyl-CoA, and may improve contractile recovery during reperfusion. Antioxidant therapy with N-acetylcysteine decreases reperfusion injury. To synergize the antioxidant ...
Fang Jun J Department of Cardiology, Union Hospital, Fujian Medical University, 29 Xin-Quan Road, Fuzhou, 350001, PR - - 2009
It remains unknown whether brief occlusion and relaxation of remote non-infarct-related coronary arteries limits infarct size. We tested the hypothesis that repetitive, brief, non-infarcting ischemia in one remote myocardial region, applied before sustained reperfusion to another intra-cardiac vasculature following infarcting ischemia, attenuates ischemia-reperfusion injury. In anesthetized open-chest rats, the left ...
Ibanez Borja - - 2011
Myocardial infarct size is a strong predictor of cardiovascular events. Intravenous metoprolol before coronary reperfusion has been shown to reduce infarct size; however, it is unknown whether oral metoprolol initiated early after reperfusion, as clinical guidelines recommend, is similarly cardioprotective. We compared the extent of myocardial salvage associated with intravenous ...
Soares Bruno P BP Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology Section, University of California, San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Avenue, Box 0628, San Francisco, CA 94143-0628, - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to compare recanalization and reperfusion in terms of their predictive value for imaging outcomes (follow-up infarct volume, infarct growth, salvaged penumbra) and clinical outcome in acute ischemic stroke patients. Twenty-two patients admitted within 6 hours of stroke onset were retrospectively included in this study. ...
Asanuma Toshihiko - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We sought to investigate the time course of post-systolic thickening (PST) and systolic abnormality after recovery from brief myocardial ischemia. BACKGROUND: Myocardial ischemic memory imaging, denoting the visualization of abnormalities provoked by ischemia and sustained even after restoration of perfusion, is desirable and allows after-the-fact recognition of ischemic insult. ...
Yao Yuntai - - 2009
We evaluated the cardioprotection against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury induced by sevoflurane postconditioning (SpostC) in chronically-infarcted rat hearts, and investigated the roles of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-protein kinase B/Akt (PKB/Akt), mitogen-activated extracellular regulated kinase 1/2 (MEK 1/2)-extracellular regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK 1/2), and mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP). Left anterior descending (LAD) ...
Kaloustian S - - 2009
This study was designed to determine the role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) in apoptosis observed in the myocardium and limbic system after myocardial ischemia. PEG sTNFRI, a recombinant, human, soluble p55 Type 1 TNF receptor (3 mg/kg) or vehicle (saline) was administered s.c. to male Sprague-Dawley rats on days ...
Donato Mart?n - - 2010
The activation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) contributes to myocardial injury at the onset of reperfusion; however, their role in ischaemic postconditioning is unknown. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of ischaemic postconditioning on MMP activity in isolated rabbit hearts. The isolated rabbit hearts were subjected ...
Bopassa Jean Chrisostome - - 2010
Several studies have recently demonstrated that G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPER) can directly bind to estrogen and mediate its action. We investigated the role and the mechanism of estrogen-induced cardioprotection after ischemia-reperfusion using a specific GPER agonist G1. Isolated hearts from male mice were perfused using Langendorff technique with oxygenated ...
Ozturk Tulun - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of levosimendan on apoptosis and infarct size when administered before ischemia in an isolated rat heart model. An in vitro experimental study. Animal laboratory. Isolated perfused rat heart preparation (n = 22). Perfusion with Krebs-Henseleit solution was performed for 30 ...
Aström-Olsson Karin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery occlusion and reperfusion may trigger reversible and irreversible ischemic and reperfusion injury. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate protein release into the myocardium in a porcine model during ischemia and reperfusion to search for clarifying models for reperfusion injury and secondarily to investigate release ...
Borst S E - - 2010
We tested the hypothesis that chronic testosterone treatment would promote a cardioprotective phenotype against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. For this study, 3-month-old F344 male rats underwent sham-surgery, orchiectomy (ORX), or ORX plus 21 days testosterone treatment (1.0 mg testosterone/day). At sacrifice, cardiac performance was assessed in a working heart model of ...
Mihailidou Anastasia S - - 2009
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion leads to significant changes in redox state, decreased postischemic functional recovery, and cardiomyocyte apoptosis, with development and progression of heart failure. Ischemia-reperfusion in the isolated perfused rat heart has been used as a model of heart failure. Clinically, mineralocorticoid receptor blockade in heart failure decreases morbidity and mortality ...
H?nisch Antje - - 2010
Reperfusion injury is strongly involved in the loss of functional heart tissue in patients after acute myocardial infarction. Various signal transduction pathways to reduce infarct size during reperfusion have been characterized. However, so far in the clinical setting no standard therapies are applied due to the lack of suitable drugs. ...
Hein M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although anesthetics have some cardioprotective properties, these benefits are often counterbalanced by their negative inotropic effects. Xenon, on the other hand, does not influence myocardial contractility. Thus, xenon may be a superior treatment for the maintenance of global hemodynamics, especially during right ventricular ischemia, which is generally characterized by ...
Wang Sheng - - 2009
3',4'-dihydroxyflavonol (DiOHF) is a potent antioxidant that reduces infarct size following myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion. Since oxidative stress induced by myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion impairs endothelium-dependent vasodilatation, we investigated whether DiOHF preserved coronary endothelial function following ischemia-reperfusion. One week after surgery conscious, instrumented sheep were subjected to 1h of myocardial ischaemia followed by 7 ...
Mass? St?phane - - 2009
The effect of lack of global coronary perfusion on myocardial activation rate, wavebreak, and its temporal progression during human ventricular fibrillation (VF) is not known. We tested the hypothesis that global myocardial ischemia decreases activation rate and spatiotemporal organization during VF in myopathic human hearts, while increasing wavebreak, and that ...
Bohl Steffen S Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom. - - 2009
Cardiac ischemia-reperfusion experiments in the mouse are important in vivo models of human disease. Infarct size is a particularly important scientific readout as virtually all cardiocirculatory pathways are affected by it. Therefore, such measurements must be exact and valid. The histological analysis, however, remains technically challenging, and the resulting quality ...
Samantaray Aloka - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of prophylactic single-dose amiodarone administered through the pump circuit before releasing the aortic cross-clamp (ACC) in preventing the occurrence of reperfusion ventricular fibrillation (RVF). A prospective, randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled efficacy study. A tertiary level teaching hospital. Seventeen patients received 150 ...
Osipov Robert M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We investigate the impact of different regimens of parenteral hydrogen sulfide (H2S) administration on myocardium during ischemia-reperfusion (IR) and the molecular pathways involved in its cytoprotective effects. METHODS: Eighteen male Yorkshire pigs underwent 60 minutes of mid-left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion followed by 120 minutes of reperfusion. Pigs ...
Ryu Se Min - - 2009
The myocardial protective effects of endothelin antagonist in ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICMP), doxorubicin-induced cardiomyopathy (DOX) and pressure-overload hypertrophy by transverse aortic constriction (TAC) models have been predicted to be different. The objective of this experiment, therefore, is to evaluate the myocardial protective effect of tezosentan, an endothelin receptor antagonist, in various ...
Létienne Robert - - 2009
The specific persistent sodium current blocker F 15845 was tested in two myocardial ischemia-reperfusion models in the pig in order to evaluate its cardioprotective effects. In the first protocol, the left circumflex coronary artery was ligated for 60-min and then reperfused for 48-h. F 15845 (2.5+2.5 and 5+5mg/kg) was administered ...
Salloum Fadi N - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Tadalafil is a novel long-acting inhibitor of phosphodiesterase-5. Because cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) signaling plays a key role in cardioprotection, we hypothesized that PKG activation with tadalafil would limit myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and dysfunction. Additionally, we contemplated that cardioprotection with tadalafil is mediated by hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) signaling ...
Hwang Hyosook - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Ranolazine (Ran), an antianginal agent, inhibits late Na(+) current. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was an added benefit of adding Ran to cardioplegia (CP) in a model of global ischemia/reperfusion. METHODS AND RESULTS: Isolated rat hearts were Langendorff-perfused and exposed to 40-minute normothermic, cardioplegic ...
Osipov Robert M RM Alpert School of Medicine at Brown University, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, 02905, - - 2009
Hypercholesterolemia is prevalent in patients who experience myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (IR). We investigate the impact of dietary-induced hypercholesterolemia on the myocardium in the setting of acute IR. In normocholesterolemic (NC, n=7) and hypercholesterolemic (HC, n=7) Yucatan male pigs, the left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded for 60 minutes, followed ...
Iliodromitis Efstathios K - - 2009
Ischemic postconditioning has emerged as a clinically feasible intervention for limiting infarction in the setting of percutaneous intervention. In ischemic postconditioning, a number of cycles of a brief period of reperfusion followed by a brief period of occlusion are applied immediately upon reperfusion of the ischemic heart. Although ischemic postconditioning ...
O'Donnell J Michael JM Program in Integrative Cardiac Metabolism, Cardiovascular Research Center, Department of Physiology & Biophysics, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, 835 South Wolcott Avenue (M/C 901), Chicago, IL 60612, USA. - - 2009
Myocardial stunning is characterized by a metabolic uncoupling from function as mitochondrial tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and oxygen consumption remain normal despite reduced contractility. Overexpression of the sarco-endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA1) in hearts has recently been reported to reduce dysfunction at reperfusion. In this study we determine whether the metabolic ...
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