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Mersmann Jan - - 2011
Restoration of myocardial blood flow after ischemia triggers an inflammatory response involving toll-like receptors (TLRs). TLR2(-/-)-mice show short-term advantages upon reperfusion injury as compared with WT controls. Accordingly, it has been shown that transient TLR2-blockade prior to reperfusion is associated with improved left-ventricular performance after myocardial scar formation. We present ...
Hale Sharon L - - 2011
Introduction and Aims: In patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who receive percutaneous coronary intervention and stenting, a large zone with no-reflow is associated with adverse outcomes. During myocardial ischemia/reperfusion, phosphatidylserine (PS) translocates to the surface of endothelial cells triggering attachment of platelets and leukocytes, thus impairing microvascular blood flow. ...
Cour Martin - - 2011
Infarct size is determined not only by the severity of ischemia but also by pathological processes initiated at reperfusion. Accumulating experimental evidence indicates that lethal reperfusion injury might account for up to half of the final size of the myocardial infarct. Ischemic postconditioning (brief repeated periods of ischemia-reperfusion applied at ...
French Christopher J - - 2010
Autophagy in myocardium has been thought to be cardioprotective, but its extent after transient or prolonged myocardial ischemia remains unclear. Accordingly, we characterized its magnitude in myocardium of murine hearts subjected to ischemia with or without reperfusion. Ten-week-old transgenic GFP-LC3 mice and C57Bl6 mice were subjected to coronary ligation for ...
Sun Haimei - - 2010
Recent studies have shown that ischemic postconditioning reduces myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury; however, the effects of inhibiting apoptosis on cardioprotection induced by ischemic postconditioning remain to be determined. The objective of this study was to investigate whether ischemic postconditioning attenuates myocardial I/R injury by reduced apoptosis in a closed-chest pig ...
Kataoka Yu - - 2010
Adrenomedullin (AM) is a 52-amino-acid vasodilator peptide that was originally isolated from human pheochromocytoma. In the previous experimental study with rat ischemia/reperfusion model, AM reduced infarct size and inhibited myocyte apoptosis. AM also suppressed the production of oxygen-free radicals. The present study was designed to evaluate the feasibility of intravenous ...
Mersmann Jan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Restoration of myocardial blood flow after ischemia triggers an inflammatory response involving toll-like receptors. Toll-like receptor 2 deficiency is associated with a reduced infarct size after myocardial ischemia and reperfusion. Because a marked mortality was observed in C3HeN wild-type mice, which was absent in TLR2 mice, we tested whether ...
Mourmoura Evangelia - - 2011
Aging compromises restoration of the cardiac mechanical function during reperfusion. We hypothesized that this was due to an ampler release of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS). This study aimed at characterising ex vivo the mitochondrial ROS release during reperfusion in isolated perfused hearts of middle-aged rats. Causes and consequences on ...
Lee Daniel S DS Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, and Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1218, - - 2010
Ischemic postconditioning (PoC) is a cardio-protective strategy in which initial reperfusion is interrupted by episodes of ischemia. It is unclear whether PoC can be achieved in the Langendorff perfused rat heart model. We investigated (1) whether postconditioning occurs in Langendorff perfused rat heart and (2) whether there is a gender-specific ...
Marenzi Giancarlo - - 2010
In patients with ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI), abrupt reperfusion can induce myocardial injury and apoptotic cell death. Reperfusion-induced myocardial damage, however, cannot be easily evaluated in clinical practice because of the lack of specific biomarkers. Cytochrome c, a mitochondrial protein, is ...
Zhang Yufeng - - 2011
To study the possible anti-inflammatory effect of hydrogen-rich saline (H(2) saline) on rat hearts with regional myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (I/R). Sixty-six rats were equally randomized to three groups: sham-operated group, I/R group (control group) and I/R plus H(2) saline treatment group. Myocardial I/R was established by occlusion of the ...
Moriguchi Akira - - 2010
Although ischemic postconditioning (IPost) confers cardioprotection by protecting the mitochondria though the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), a potential drawback of IPost is impairment of aerobic ATP generation during reperfusion by repeated ischemia. This decrease in ATP might inhibit the restoration of sarcolemmal dystrophin, which is translocated during ischemia, and ...
Mimuro Soichiro - - 2010
Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective α-2 adrenergic agonist used perioperatively. Dexmedetomidine's cardioprotective effect after myocardial ischaemia remains unknown. In this study, we administered dexmedetomidine after ischaemia to investigate its ability to protect the cardiac muscle from ischaemia-reperfusion injury in isolated rat hearts. After a 30-min stop of perfusion, isolated rat ...
Sala-Mercado Javier A JA Cardiovascular Research Institute, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, - - 2010
Emerging evidence suggests that "adaptive" induction of autophagy (the cellular process responsible for the degradation and recycling of proteins and organelles) may confer a cardioprotective phenotype and represent a novel strategy to limit ischemia-reperfusion injury. Our aim was to test this paradigm in a clinically relevant, large animal model of ...
Chu Louis M LM Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, - - 2010
We investigated the efficacy of novel thrombin fragment TP508 on ischemia-reperfusion injury using a porcine model of type 1 diabetes mellitus. Alloxan-induced diabetic male Yucatan swine underwent 60 minutes of mid-left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion, followed by 120 minutes of reperfusion. Fifty minutes into ischemia, animals received either placebo ...
Zhuo Chuanjun - - 2011
Ischemic postconditioning (IPC) represents one of the most effective cardioprotective strategies against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion. Depression is commonly present in patients with coronary heart disease. However, whether depression interferes with the cardioprotection of IPC during myocardial ischemia/reperfusion and their underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Isolated hearts from chronic mild stress induced-depressed ...
Khandelwal Vinoth Kumar Megraj - - 2011
Hemidesmus indicus (L.) R. Br. (HI) and Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. (HRS) are widely used traditional medicine. We investigated cardioprotective effects of these plants applied for 15 min at concentrations of 90, 180, and 360 μg/mL in Langendorff-perfused rat hearts prior to 25-min global ischemia/120-min reperfusion (I/R). Functional recovery (left ventricular developed pressure-LVDP, ...
Paiva M - - 2010
Background During ischaemia, AMPK activation occurs in order to provide energy from alternative resources. However, AMPK activity is known to be impaired in diabetes. We hypothesised that enhancing AMPK activation above physiological levels during ischaemia would protect both the normoglycaemic and the diabetic heart. Methodology Hearts from Wistar and Goto ...
Siddall H - - 2010
PINK1, a kinase localised mainly in mitochondria, can protect neurons against oxidative damage and apoptosis by maintaining mitochondrial structure and function. Although PINK1 is highly expressed in the myocardium, there are no studies investigating the role of this kinase in the heart. We hypothesised that PINK1 could protect cardiomyocytes from ...
Hausenloy D J - - 2010
Rationale The novel anti-diabetic agents, vildagliptin and sitagliptin, reduce blood glucose by augmenting endogenous levels of glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1), a substance which confers cardioprotection. They do this by inhibiting dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP) IV, the enzyme responsible for breaking down GLP-1. We hypothesised that DPPIV inhibitors might have cardioprotective effects. Methodology ...
Yu Li-na - - 2010
Sevoflurane postconditioning reduces myocardial infarct size. The objective of this study was to examine the role of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway in anesthetic postconditioning and to determine whether PI3K/Akt signaling modulates the expression of pro- and antiapoptotic proteins in sevoflurane postconditioning. Isolated and perfused rat hearts were prepared first, and ...
Schiele François - - 2010
The rate and type of reperfusion, as well as time delays to reperfusion are directly associated with mortality and are established as performance measures (PMs) in the treatment of ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). To date, little information exists about PMs for reperfusion in clinical practice in Europe and their ...
Kang Sheng - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: To investigate the expression of FLK1, CD146 and microvessel density of angiogenesis at the first week of reperfused acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods: 16 of mini-swines (20 to 30 Kg) were randomly assigned to the sham-operated group and the AMI group. Pathologic myocardial tissue was collected at day ...
Götberg Matthias - - 2010
Experimental studies have shown that induction of hypothermia before reperfusion of acute coronary occlusion reduces infarct size. Previous clinical studies, however, have not been able to show this effect, which is believed to be mainly because therapeutic temperature was not reached before reperfusion in the majority of the patients. We ...
Yan Yi - - 2011
in this study, we attempted to detect a recent myocardial ischaemic event using ultrasound molecular imaging (UMI) with microbubbles (MB) targeted to intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in the late phase of reperfusion. we created a myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion model in 60 C57/BL male mice to simulate an angina attack (ischaemia for ...
Abarbanell Aaron M - - 2011
High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a mediator of inflammation with dose-dependent effects. In the setting of regional myocardial infarction, a high-dose HMGB1 treatment decreases myocardial function, whereas low-dose HMGB1 improves function; however, it is unknown what role HMGB1 has in the setting of global ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. We hypothesized ...
Bak Istvan - - 2010
ABSTRACT Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), also known as heat shock protein 32 (hsp-32) is a stress induced cytoprotective protein. The present investigation evaluated the capacity of HO-1 to reduce the incidence of reperfusion-induced ventricular fibrillation (VF) and infarct size. HO-1 transgenic (Tg) mice were generated using a rat HO-1 genomic transgene. ...
Sumi Shohei - - 2010
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) has been reported to improve cardiac function after myocardial infarction. However, whether postinfarct acute effect of G-CSF is mediated through the same signaling pathways as those of ischemic postconditioning is still unclear. We examined the postinfarct acute effect of G-CSF on myocardial infarct size and its ...
Lovell Matthew J MJ Centre for Clinical Pharmacology, Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Unit, The William Harvey Research Institute, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London EC1M 6BQ, - - 2010
Adult bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNCs) can restore cardiac function following myocardial necrosis. Protocols used to date have administered cells relatively late after ischaemia/reperfusion injury, but there is the opportunity with elective procedures to infuse cells shortly after restoration of blood flow, for example after angioplasty. Our aim was therefore ...
Ishida Narihiro - - 2011
Objective: We investigated whether omentopexy combined with subcutaneously administered granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) reduces infarction areas and improves left ventricular dysfunction in a rabbit model of coronary occlusion and reperfusion. Methods: A coronary artery of a male Japanese white rabbit was ligated for 30min and then reperfused. An omental pedicle ...
Yang Jun - - 2010
TLR4 has been shown to mediate inflammation in animal models of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MI/RI). Here we hypothesized that TLR4 on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) may be involved in the inflammatory response in this type of clinical event. Seventy two patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) who underwent thrombolysis ...
Allford Mark - - 2010
We describe the case of a neonate who underwent surgery for bowel obstruction. The child was born at 25 weeks postconception, and at the time of surgery, he had a postconceptual age of 44 weeks. He had undergone two previous laparotomy procedures for necrotizing enterocolitis. At laparotomy, there was unexpected ...
Kapoor Amar - - 2010
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-beta/delta (PPAR-beta/delta) is a transcription factor that belongs to the PPAR nuclear hormone receptor family. There is little information about the effects of the immediate administration of specific ligands of PPAR-beta/delta (e.g., GW0742) in animal models of myocardial I/R injury. Using a rat model of regional myocardial I/R ...
Wang Chen - - 2010
Anaesthetic preconditioning (APC) protects against myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury. Nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) has been implicated in APC-induced myocardial protection in vitro. Our study tested the hypothesis that in-vivo APC with sevoflurane is triggered by NF-kappaB through downregulation of inflammatory mediators and upregulation of antiapoptosis factors to prevent myocardial injury during ischaemia/reperfusion. ...
Weil Brent R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Estrogen may protect against the development of cardiovascular disease. Recently, a receptor known as GPR30 that seems to mediate estrogen's nongenomic effects has been identified. We hypothesized that the activation of GPR30 protects cardiac function and decreases myocardial inflammation after global ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). METHODS: Hearts from male Sprague-Dawley rats ...
Di Filippo Clara - - 2010
Determine the cardio-protective properties of a nitric oxide-releasing pravastatin (Ncx-6550), in comparison to pravastatin. A mouse model of myocardial infarct was used assessing tissue damage both at 2 and 24 hour post-reperfusion, administering compounds both prophylactically and therapeutically. Ncx-6550 induced a significant dose-dependent (2.24-22.4 micromol/kg i.p.) cardioprotection in the two ...
Schwiebert Christian - - 2010
Hypothermia protects against myocardial reperfusion injury. However, inducing hypothermia takes time, which makes it unsuitable as an emergency treatment. Combining mild hypothermia with low-dose xenon, applied either simultaneously or one after the other, protects the neonatal rat brain against reperfusion injury. We investigated whether xenon, administered prior to hypothermia or ...
Okada David R - - 2010
(99m)Tc-glucarate is an infarct-avid imaging agent. However, patients may have mixtures of normal, irreversibly injured, stunned, and hibernating myocardium. The purposes were to determine (99m)Tc-glucarate uptake and clearance kinetics in these four conditions, and its ability to determine the extent of injury. Twenty-two perfused rat hearts were studied: controls (n ...
Foadoddini Mohsen - - 2011
Objective: Exposure to normobaric hyperoxia protects the heart against ischemia-reperfusion injury ex vivo. In the present study, we investigated the effect of the early and late phase of hyperoxia on in vivo myocardial infarction and apoptosis. Methods: Rats were exposed to room air preoxygenation (O(2)≥95%) followed by regional ischemia (30min) ...
Brar Bhawanjit K - - 2010
In acute myocardial infarction increased plasma levels of chromogranin A are correlated with decreased survival. At the human chromogranin A gene locus there are two naturally occurring amino acid substitution variants within the catestatin region, i.e. Gly³⁶⁴Ser and Pro³⁷⁰Leu, displaying differential potencies towards inhibition of nicotinic cholinergic agonist-evoked catecholamine secretion ...
Muzumdar Radhika H RH Department of Pediatrics, Children' s Hospital at Montefiore, Diabetes Research and Training Center,, Bronx, NY, USA. 10461. - - 2010
Humanin (HN), an endogenous antiapoptotic peptide, has previously been shown to protect against Alzheimer's disease and a variety of cellular insults. We evaluated the effects of a potent analog of HN (HNG) in an in vivo murine model of myocardial ischemia and reperfusion. Male C57BL6/J mice (8 to 10 week ...
Gonon Adrian T - - 2010
Abstract Aim: To investigate whether ischemic postconditioning (IPoC) combined with i.v. infusion of the nitric oxide (NO) substrate L-arginine at the onset of reperfusion exerts cardioprotective effect that is superior to either treatment given separately. Methods: Twenty-six anesthetized pigs were subjected to coronary artery (LAD) ligation for 40 min followed ...
Formiga Fabio R - - 2010
The use of pro-angiogenic growth factors in ischemia models has been associated with limited success in the clinical setting, in part owing to the short lived effect of the injected cytokine. The use of a microparticle system could allow localized and sustained cytokine release and consequently a prolonged biological effect ...
Guo Jian - - 2011
The purpose of this study is to use diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameters to evaluate cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in the infarct core (IC) and ischemic penumbra (IP) in a rhesus transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model. Seven rhesus monkeys were used to construct the MCAO model. The temporal evolution ...
Jugdutt Bodh I - - 2010
Elderly patients with reperfused ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction are at increased risk for left ventricular remodeling. Extracellular matrix damage has been implicated in early remodeling. We hypothesized that aging results in enhanced early reperfusion injury and left ventricular remodeling after reperfused ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction and that early therapy initiated at the ...
Li Li - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Remote perconditioning has been proved to reduce myocardial infarction and improve ventricular function in vivo. This study aims to determine the protection of remote perconditioning against cardiac reperfusion injury in patients undergoing valve replacement. METHODS: Eighty-one patients admitted for selective valve replacement were divided into three groups randomly. Control ...
Walsh Sarah K - - 2010
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid, with anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects and has recently been shown to exert a tissue sparing effect during chronic myocardial ischaemia and reperfusion (I/R). However, it is not known whether CBD is cardioprotective in the acute phase of I/R injury and the present studies tested ...
Hofmann U - - 2010
Our recent experiments demonstrated that the Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptor agonist FTY720 (2-amino-2-[2-(4-octylphenyl)ethyl]-1,3-propanediol hydrochloride) improves recovery of function after myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion ex vivo. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that pharmacological post-conditioning with FTY720 reduces infarct size after myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion in vivo. Myocardial ischaemia was induced in Wistar rats by ligation of ...
Radovits Tamás - - 2011
Objective: Activation of the nitric oxide-soluble guanylate cyclase-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (NO-sGC-cGMP) pathway can induce potent cardioprotection-like effects against ischaemia-reperfusion injury and nitro-oxidative stress. We investigated the effects of pharmacological pre-conditioning with Cinaciguat (BAY 58-2667), a novel sGC activator on peroxynitrite-induced endothelial dysfunction in vitro, as well as on myocardial and ...
Støttrup Nicolaj Brejnholt - - 2010
Preserved mitochondrial function is essential for protection against ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. The malate-aspartate (MA) shuttle constitutes the principal pathway for transport of reducing cytosolic equivalents for mitochondrial oxidation. We hypothesized that a transient shut-down of the MA-shuttle by aminooxyacetate (AOA) during ischaemia and early reperfusion modulates IR injury by mechanisms ...
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