Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 553
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Chandrasekar R - - 1993
Venous gangrene of the upper extremity is rare. It was the mode of presentation in a 41-year-old woman who died 10 days later of heart failure due to acute myocardial infarction. There is evidence from this and previous publications that patients with this condition tend to have characteristics in common. ...
Stambler B S - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Prior studies in experimental canine models have demonstrated that intravenous cocaine administration causes myocardial depression. The purpose of the present study was to establish the mechanisms of cocaine's actions on myocardial and left ventricular performance after single intravenous bolus doses in conscious, chronically instrumented dogs, in which the full ...
Rahman N U - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Massive bilateral infarcts due to deep venous system thrombosis are extremely rare and poorly documented. We present a case with computed tomographic evidence of both thrombosis and infarction of the whole deep venous system. CASE DESCRIPTION: A previously healthy 30-year-old woman who had taken oral contraceptives for 3 years ...
de Lorgeril M - - 1993
The present study is a prospective examination of the relationship between platelet aggregation and the occurrence of graft failure in a single cohort of heart transplantation (HT) recipients. One-hundred-and-twenty-four patients underwent platelet function study and were then followed for 1 to 24 months (mean 6.7 months). There were nine re-transplantations ...
Shannon R P - - 1993
BACKGROUND: The effects of cocaine on the coronary circulation were examined in conscious dogs chronically instrumented to measure arterial and left ventricular pressures, coronary blood flow, and arterial and coronary sinus oxygen content. METHODS AND RESULTS: With heart rate held constant, the peak effects of cocaine (1 mg/kg i.v.) occurred ...
Jørgensen P - - 1993
Antiphospholipid antibodies (APA) have been detected in various conditions including venous and arterial thrombosis, recurrent fetal loss, thrombocytopenia and cardiac valvular lesions. APA were initially found in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) but later have been demonstrated also in patients without connective tissue disease. We report the extensive evaluation ...
Mori S - - 1993
A sixty-seven-year-old man suffered from acute anterior spinal artery syndrome at the level of T-10. Transverse myelopathy developed by the eighth day. Computed tomography of the brain on the thirteenth day demonstrated hemorrhagic infarction in the left occipital lobe and fresh ischemic infarction in the right cerebellar hemisphere. Respiratory distress ...
Clarkson C W - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Previous clinical reports have suggested that cocaine intoxication may produce severe ventricular arrhythmias due to a direct effect on the heart. However, the effects of high plasma levels of cocaine on the electrophysiology of the heart have not been well characterized and remain poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: The ...
Kennedy M C - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between anabolic steroid abuse and cardiac death. We report the first two cases in Australia. They are the only reported cases in which the anabolic steroid oxymesterone has been detected. This compound has never been approved for use in Australia. CLINICAL FEATURES: Two footballers, aged ...
Morcos N C - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine whether cocaine has a direct effect on the myocardium which is independent of coronary vasospasm. METHODS: Cocaine was introduced into the perfusate of the isolated rabbit ventricular septal preparation in the concentration range 10(-5) to 10(-3)M while holding coronary flow of oxygenated Krebs solution ...
Franzeck U K - - 1993
The severity of microangiopathy in patients with chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) determines the extent of the trophic disturbances of the skin. Resulting from valvular incompetence of deep and/or perforating veins and the accompanying venous outflow obstruction caused by deep venous thrombosis (DVT), the increased ambulatory venous pressure heads are transmitted ...
Yuen-Green M S - - 1992
Many clinical cases of cocaine-induced myocardial infarction have been reported in the literature. Of the reported cases, patients tend to be young (in the third decade of life), chronic abusers with myocardial infarction typically involving the anterior left ventricular wall. This case report demonstrates the usefulness of two-phase (symptomatic and ...
Monteiro L - - 1992
We present a retrospective study of 6 patients with spinal cord infarction in the territory of the Adamkiewicz artery. In all patients, the clinical picture was stereotyped: sudden onset of paraplegia and bilateral radicular pain, dissociated sensory loss below the level of infarction and sphincter dysfunction. Emergency neuroradiological investigation ruled ...
Chakko S - - 1992
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of cardiac abnormalities in young, asymptomatic long-term "crack" cocaine abusers. BACKGROUND: Although the cardiac complications of cocaine abuse have received widespread attention, the prevalence of cardiac abnormalities in asymptomatic long-term cocaine abusers is unknown. METHODS: History, physical examination, electrocardiogram ...
Liu S S - - 1992
Cocaine abuse is common among parturients with an incidence of 11.8 to 20%. Myocardial infarction is a rare and lethal event during pregnancy with an incidence of 1 in 10,000 pregnancies. We present the anaesthetic management of a parturient of 36 wk gestation who suffered a myocardial infarction nine hours ...
Sandford P R - - 1992
This report describes a patient who developed spasticity after a medullary infarct. No improvement in her spasticity was achieved by baclofen therapy and the side effects of the drug necessitated its gradual withdrawal. Recent reports of the success of clonidine in the management of spasticity due to spinal cord injury ...
Halbmayer W M - - 1992
One hundred and three patients suffering from recurrent venous thrombosis, recurrent arterial thromboembolism and/or recurrent myocardial infarction and 50 healthy subjects were tested for Hageman factor (FXII) coagulant activity and antigen. Among the 103 patients we identified 15 subjects with FXII deficiency (15%), 3 with protein C deficiency (3%) and ...
Nakazawa K - - 1992
A 73-year-old Japanese man with a history of partial gastrectomy due to gastric cancer 4 years previously was admitted because of intermittent fever. The patient developed abdominal pain, erythema, and myalgia in addition to the fever during the final clinical course, and died of acute heart failure. Autopsy disclosed atrophy ...
Bunn W H - - 1992
Cocaine abuse may lead to serious cardiac complications, including myocardial ischemia and infarction, myocarditis, cardiomyopathy and arrhythmias. With concomitant use of alcohol and cocaine, cocaethylene is produced by hepatic transformation. Cocaethylene is now thought to be primarily responsible for the deaths that occur among cocaine abusers. Treatment of cardiovascular complications ...
Wren B G - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To review the present state of knowledge regarding the effect of oestrogen on the female cardiovascular system (e.g. atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, hypertension and thrombosis). DATA SOURCES: Over 100 articles (most published over the last 10 years) were reviewed. They included epidemiological, biochemical, physiological, animal and clinical studies which related ...
Kuhn F E - - 1992
Studies have demonstrated that cocaine causes coronary vasoconstriction, but this has been unassociated with myocardial ischemia. Therefore, cocaine seems unlikely to precipitate myocardial infarction in the absence of potentiating factors. We hypothesized that injury to coronary endothelium could potentiate cocaine-induced coronary vasoconstriction by decreasing EDRF. The effect of cocaine on ...
Kuwao S - - 1992
Two types of myocardial infarction, transmural and subendocardial, were macroscopically examined, and the gross and microscopic findings were correlated. The transmural type usually consisted of yellowish-brown coagulation necrosis in the center of an infarcted focus and coagulative myocytolysis at the marginal zone. The subendocardial type was characterized by coagulative myocytolysis ...
Pagel P S - - 1992
The direct effects of cocaine on myocardial contractility and isovolumetric relaxation were investigated in conscious dogs (n = 8) chronically instrumented for measurement of hemodynamics, including left ventricular pressure (LVP) and subendocardial segment length. Experiments were performed in the presence of pharmacologic blockade of beta-adrenergic, cholinergic, and ganglionic receptors because ...
McCall R E - - 1992
Spinal decompensation after Cotrel-Dubousset (C-D) instrumentation in the King type II curve pattern has become a recognized complication secondary to progression of the unfused lumbar curve. Twenty-three patients with type II curves who underwent selective thoracic fusion according to the guidelines established by King et al. were reviewed. Mean follow-up ...
Goldberger A L - - 1992
The mathematical concept of fractals provides insights into complex anatomic branching structures that lack a characteristic (single) length scale, and certain complex physiologic processes, such as heart rate regulation, that lack a single time scale. Heart rate control is perturbed by alterations in neuro-autonomic function in a number of important ...
García-Rubira J C - - 1992
Two young men with a history of cocaine addiction were admitted to our Coronary Unit because of acute myocardial infarction, and treated with thrombolytic agents. The involved coronary artery was found to be totally occluded in both of them. We suggest that spasm may constitute one of the primary events ...
Reid W A - - 1992
The post-mortem diagnosis of acute myocardial ischaemia may be difficult to establish in the absence of morphological changes in the myocardium or recent coronary thrombosis. Ischaemic cell injury leads to potassium (K) efflux and sodium (Na) influx and, if the blood is still circulating, the K:Na ratio of the tissue ...
Ross G S - - 1992
A case of a 57-year-old man with hypertension and stable angina, on aspirin therapy, who was treated for epistaxis with intranasal cocaine, and who subsequently suffered a non-Q wave myocardial infarction is reported. Of note, the cocaine was administered in a manner which differs from that advocated in standard references. ...
Om A - - 1992
Cocaine use is escalating in the United States. Cocaine produces sympathomimetic effects and causes generalized vasoconstriction involving multiple organ systems. Its cardiovascular complications may be life-threatening and include myocardial infarction, myocarditis, cardiomyopathy, arrhythmias, and aortic dissection. Accurate diagnosis and prompt management can be life-saving. This review focuses on the current ...
Glowniak J V - - 1992
Metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) is a norepinephrine analog that can be used to study cardiac sympathetic innervation. Most of the kinetic data on MIBG, however, have been obtained in vitro from adrenal chromaffin cells. To elucidate MIBG cardiac kinetics in vivo, we measured the first-pass extraction fraction (EF) of MIBG in pig ...
Brogan W C WC - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To define the temporal characteristics of cocaine-induced coronary vasoconstriction in humans and to assess the relation between cocaine-induced coronary vasoconstriction and the blood concentration of cocaine and its main metabolites. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Cardiac catheterization laboratory of a large teaching hospital. PATIENTS: Eighteen patients (16 ...
Majid P A - - 1992
The pathogenesis of acute myocardial ischemia or infarction following cocaine abuse is not known. Cocaine causes an increase in circulating catecholamines. Therefore alpha-adrenergic mediated focal or generalized coronary artery spasm has been presumed to be the likely mechanism to induce ischemia. However, coronary vasospasm in chronic cocaine abusers has not ...
Cappell M S - - 1992
A 45-yr-old female with mild chronic systemic lupus erythematosus for 20 yr, and with a stroke, digital infarction, and transient vocal cord paralysis during those 20 yr, had severe abdominal pain for 2 wk due to omental infarction associated with the presence of anticardiolipin antibodies. This report suggests that patients ...
Greenfield L J - - 1992
Mechanical approaches to the prevention of pulmonary thromboembolism have evolved from direct operative procedures to the percutaneous insertion of a variety of filter devices. The longest follow-up experience is with the Greenfield vena caval filter (Medi-Tech, Inc, Watertown, MA), which has a long-term vena caval patency rate of 98% and ...
Hollander J E - - 1992
The objectives of this paper are to analyze the case reports of cocaine-induced myocardial infarction and to better define the clinical characteristics of this syndrome. An English language literature search was carried out using MEDLINE, and a bibliographic review of all identified articles and book chapters was conducted. Ninety-one cases ...
Sloan M A - - 1992
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cardiac and cerebrovascular complications associated with cocaine abuse have increasingly been reported, but concurrent development of cocaine-induced cardiac disease and stroke has rarely been reported. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 37-year-old man with a remote history of intravenous heroin and amphetamine use, cardiomyopathy, and recent cocaine use developed chest ...
Boley S J - - 1992
Mesenteric venous occlusion produces a spectrum of clinical presentations, the most common of which is the acute onset of abdominal pain with progressive signs and symptoms of bowel infarction. This acute form of mesenteric venous thrombosis, compared with other forms of acute mesenteric infarction, occurs in younger patients, typically has ...
Miyasaka Y - - 1992
The authors studied the venous drainage system and its impairment in relation to risk of hemorrhage in 108 cases of supratentorial arteriovenous malformation (AVM). The proportion of AVM's undergoing hemorrhage (hemorrhagic rate) was calculated in relation to: 1) the number of draining veins (one, two, or three or more); 2) ...
Kloner R A - - 1992
It is clear that cocaine has cardiotoxic effects. Acute doses of cocaine suppress myocardial contractility, reduce coronary caliber and coronary blood flow, induce electrical abnormalities in the heart, and in conscious preparations increase heart rate and blood pressure. These effects will decrease myocardial oxygen supply and may increase demand (if ...
Gantenberg N S - - 1992
Cocaine abuse increases the susceptibility to cardiovascular complications and sudden cardiac death in man. We used programmed electrical stimulation of the heart to examine the arrhythmogenic influence of cocaine. Twenty-three pentobarbital-anesthetized adult dogs underwent programmed electrical stimulation using one to four extrastimuli before and during cocaine infusion. Autonomic decentralization was ...
Teenan R P - - 1992
Venous thromboembolism is a well recognised complication of air travel, particularly on long haul flights. This has been attributed to relative immobility in cramped surroundings and to dehydration secondary to alcohol consumption and low cabin humidity. Under these conditions thrombosis at other sites would be expected, and indeed myocardial ischaemia ...
Marc B - - 1992
The cardiac risk of cocaine body packing was studied by means of continuous ECG monitoring in 13 cocaine body-packers during spontaneous elimination. The packages were all well manufactured bundles (McCarron type 2) not susceptible to spontaneous breakage. At the beginning of the Holter study, packages were still present in the ...
van Rossem K - - 1992
Continuous recording of changes in local pO2 during and after brain infarction in surviving animals which can be followed for months or years, may provide interesting information concerning pathophysiology and treatment of stroke and thrombosis. We performed such measurements before, during and till 4 weeks after photochemical induction of a ...
Perper J A - - 1992
Cardiovascular complications are among the most common and dangerous complications of cocaine abuse, ranging from episodic arrhythmias to myocardial infarction, strokes, cardiomyopathy, and sudden death. The central nervous system-mediated action of cocaine triggers an increase in circulating catecholamines, resulting in arterial vasoconstriction, increase in myocardial oxygen demand, myocardial ischemia, tachycardia, ...
Kierkegaard A - - 1992
Venous volume and venous outflow of the calf were studied in 49 patients with acute myocardial infarction. Graded compression stockings were randomly applied to one leg, the other serving as a control, and the above parameters were studied with strain gauge plethysmography during six days. Venous volume increased in the ...
Bocchi E A - - 1992
The case history of a heart transplant patient who died of an acute myocardial infarction 6 months after the procedure is described. The finding of contraction bands and thrombosis associated with endarteritis suggests that coronary vasospasm may have contributed to the acute myocardial infarction during an episode of vascular rejection.
Minor R L RL - - 1991
OBJECTIVE: To review the reported cases of myocardial infarction temporally related to recreational and topical anesthetic use of cocaine, with special regard for underlying etiologic factors in patients subsequently found to have normal coronary arteries. DATA SOURCES: Personal records of three cases and a comprehensive literature review using MEDLINE and ...
Shah P K - - 1991
The natural history of coronary artery disease is punctuated by clinical manifestations of unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction, and ischemic sudden death. These acute coronary syndromes share common pathophysiologic mechanisms that include fissuring of a plaque followed by varying degrees of dynamic coronary obstruction, which is due to vasoconstriction and ...
Ratajczyk-Pakalska E - - 1991
For an understanding of the effects of myocardial protection via the coronary sinus and other cardiac veins, study of the angioarchitectonic of these veins in ischemic hearts is of special interest. Venous vessels were filled with radiological contrast material (hearts of decreased patients who died from coronary disease and also ...
Daras M - - 1991
BACKGROUND: Cocaine use in the United States has reached epidemic proportions, and increased availability of "crack" since 1983 has noticeably increased the incidence of neurovascular complications. In this report, we examine the relationship between cocaine use and ischemic infarct. SUMMARY OF COMMENT: This study reports 18 cases of ischemic cerebrovascular ...
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