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Possick Stephen E - - 2004
Almost 2 billion passengers embark on international and domestic air travel each year. An increasing number of travelers will have cardiovascular disease as the population continues to age and our ability to treat cardiac disease improves. Guidelines for safe air travel in this population vary and are supported by few ...
Semba Charles P - - 2004
Catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) has been proposed as an alternative mode of therapy to anticoagulation in patients with massive, symptomatic deep vein thrombosis of the extremity. The major goal of therapy is to rapidly restore venous blood flow, reduce the pain and edema of the extremity, preserve venous valve function, and ...
Schaar Johannes A - - 2004
A group of investigators met for two days in Santorini, Greece, to discuss progress in the field of identification and treatment of high risk/vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques and patients. Many differences in the manner in which terms are being utilized were noted. It was recognized that increased understanding of the pathophysiology ...
Sheehan Daniel J - - 2004
A 43-year-old black man with pemphigus vulgaris was started on intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy after his disease was found to be refractorry to prednisone alone and prednisone in combination with mycophenolate mofetil, azathioprine, methotrexate, cyclosporine, and oral cyclophosphamide. The patient subsequently developed a deep venous thrombosis (DVT) that was attributed ...
Kuzmanovska Dafina B - - 2004
Although patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), especially those with antiphospholipid antibodies, have a high incidence of arterial and venous thrombotic manifestations, renal infarction has been rarely reported in these patients and is probably underestimated. A 9-year-old boy with renal infarction, diagnosed by computed tomography and scintigraphy, is described. Initially ...
Mone Suzanne M - - 2004
Exposures to drugs, chemical and biological agents, therapeutic radiation, and other factors before and after birth can lead to pediatric or adult cardiovascular anomalies. Furthermore, nutritional deficiencies in the perinatal period can cause cardiovascular anomalies. These anomalies may affect heart structure, the conduction system, the myocardium, blood pressure, or cholesterol ...
Kang Bor-Hwang - - 2005
Nitric oxide (NO) is a molecule involved in multiple functions including vasodilatation, neural transmission, immune response and inflammation. However, the role of NO in the pathophysiology of vocal cord diseases is not clear. The present study investigated the possible involvement of NO and its toxic metabolite, peroxynitrite, in the pathogenesis ...
Dettmeyer R - - 2004
Well known complications related to cocaine use are myocardial insufficiency, myocardial infarction, myocarditis, aortic dissection, neurologic damages, ischemic colitis, thrombotic phenomenons, renal infarction and acute liver failure. Cases of splenic infarctions related to cocaine use are extremely rare. A 17-year-old drug addict was found by her boy-friend liveless in her ...
Riza Altiparmak M - - 2004
Chylous ascites and chylothorax are rare clinical entities and usually caused by neoplasms, particularly lymphomas, liver cirrhosis, superior vena cava thrombosis, nephrotic syndrome, and some cardiac events such as dilated cardiomyopathy or right heart failure. Constrictive pericarditis is an extremely rare cause of this clinical state. We report a 41-year-old ...
Izhevsky D - - 2004
A 29-year-old man with history of antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) and two prior episodes of acute rheumatic fever developed a third episode of acute rheumatic fever. This was complicated by acute myocardial infarction due to spontaneous arterial thrombosis of the left anterior descending and right coronary arteries. We postulate that ...
Uppal Shweta - - 2004
Nucleus pulposus (NP) embolism is an extremely rare cause of spinal cord infarction. To our knowledge, it has not been reported in pregnancy in the English literature. A 41-year-old pregnant woman presented with clinical symptoms initially attributed to a transverse myelitis. After a complicated clinical course, she expired, and was ...
Vucic S - - 2004
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) preparations are increasingly being used in the treatment of neuroautoimmune diseases. Although for most part this treatment is safe, serious side effects such as thromboembolic events have been reported. We report on 7 patients who suffered a thromboembolic event while being treated with IVIg. Four patients suffered ...
Meltser Henry - - 2004
Cocaine use has been associated with a significant risk of myocardial ischemia and myocardial infarction (MI). The previous approach to the treatment of cocaine-induced MI focused on medical treatment with verapamil, nitroglycerine and thrombolytics. Percutaneous revascularization for the cocaine-associated MI has been reported and is the preferred treatment modality. Identification ...
Brandenburg Vincent M - - 2004
A case of postpartum acute myocardial infarction with intraventricular thrombus occurred in a woman with HELLP syndrome. Since coronary artery disease was ruled out angiographically, the assumed pathophysiological mechanism for myocardial malperfusion was intermittend coronary vasospasm and thrombosis. There were several thrombophilic risk factors detectable (heterozygous factor V Leiden, low ...
Lange Richard A - - 2004
As cocaine abuse has become widespread, it has been associated with various cardiovascular complications, including angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death. Cocaine's principal effects on the cardiovascular system are mediated via alpha-adrenergic stimulation and include (a) an increase in the determinants of myocardial oxygen demand (heart rate and ...
Wijetunga Mevan - - 2004
"Ice" is a form of methamphetamine commonly used as a recreational drug in Hawaii and the Philippines, but seldom encountered in the continental United States. It differs in appearance from methamphetamine tablets, but otherwise has exactly the same molecules, only arranged in a crystalline structure. A sizeable body of in ...
Hua Fang - - 2004
Antibody-coated microprobes were inserted into the thoracic (T3-4) spinal cord in urethane-anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats to detect the differences in the release of immunoreactive substance P-like (irSP) substances in response to differential activation of cardiac nociceptive sensory neurons (CNAN). CNAN were stimulated either by intrapericardial infusion of an inflammatory ischemic exudate ...
Wakita M - - 2003
A 54-year-old man developed left hemiparesis and tactile and deep sensory disturbance following onset of rightside cervical pain. These symptoms resulted from an isolated infarct in the right medial area of the upper medulla oblongata and intracranial vertebral artery (VA) dissection. Atherosclerotic disease of the VA is the most common ...
Monagle Paul - - 2003
Cardiac disease and thrombosis are intimately related in adults, but primary myocardial infarction in children is rare. Homozygous familial hyperlipidemia occurs in approximately 1 million children, and causes severe coronary artery disease during childhood. Kawasaki's disease is an acquired inflammatory disorder, which, if untreated, leads to coronary artery aneurysms and ...
Lai Ting-I - - 2003
Methylene 3, 4 dioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) has been gaining popularity as a recreational drug over the past few decades around the globe. Although once thought to be safer than its mother compound, amphetamine, several life-threatening adverse reactions have been reported. Among the cardiovascular toxicities documented, MDMA commonly causes various forms of ...
Moritz Fabienne - - 2003
Cocaine abuse causes myocardial dysfunction and induces oxidative stress. However, the reversibility of these effects is unknown. We evaluated myocardial function and oxidative stress after cocaine withdrawal, in a rat model of chronic cocaine exposure. Standard echocardiography and Doppler tissue imaging were performed after 4 weeks (W4) of cocaine administration ...
Keller Kathryn Buchanan - - 2003
Recreational use of cocaine dates back to the Incas in South America 5000 years ago. Cocaine is derived from the leaves of Erythroxylon coca, a shrub native to South America. In the late 1800s, Sigmund Freud popularized the drug in Europe. He used cocaine to treat depression, asthma, cachexia, and ...
Yu C W - - 2003
We describe a case of extensive mesenteric venous thrombosis with small bowel infarction. Multidetector row computed tomography with curved planar reformation clearly demonstrated the full extents of the mesenteric venous thrombus and the infarcted bowel loops. The length of infarcted segment could be estimated from the curved planar reformatted image ...
Shinodholimath V V - - 2003
Acute bowel infarction is a major complication in patients with superior mesenteric vein and portal vein thrombosis. However, in some patients, sufficient collaterals can prevent acute bowel infraction. We present a case of mesenteric vein and portal vein thrombosis with intestinal obstruction due to acute bowel oedema and ischaemic adhesion ...
Berneis Kaspar - - 2003
We describe a rare case of bilateral hemorrhagic infarction of the adrenal glands diagnosed in the context of positive antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). The patient presented atypical clinical symptoms of adrenal insufficiency. Laboratory investigation showed complete adrenal failure and increased aPL, both manifestations persisted 1 yr after the initial event. MR ...
Van Egeraat S.C.I. - - 2003
Spinal cord infarction is a rare complication of bacterial meningitis and is, therefore, generally unknown. We describe a patient who developed a flaccid paraparesis 2 weeks after being diagnosed with meningococcal meningitis. The etiology of spinal cord infarction is multifactorial, but vascular mechanisms and coagulation abnormalities play an important role. ...
Mochizuki Y - - 2003
Emergency room visits related to cocaine use have been increasing over the past 10 years, with the cost of cocaine-related hospitalization now more than 80 million dollars per year. Well-recognized and common complications associated with cocaine use include hypertension, cardiac ischemia, cerebrovascular accidents and rhabdomyolysis. Renal infarction is uncommon, while ...
Osula S - - 2003
A 73 year old man developed chest pains 5 minutes after fibreoptic bronchoscopy. The procedure had been performed without sedation following an intratracheal injection of 5 ml 2.5% cocaine solution and xylocaine spray to the pharynx for topical anaesthesia. A 12-lead electrocardiogram showed an evolving anterior myocardial infarction. Cardiac catheterisation ...
Wong Nina N - - 2003
Fondaparinux is the first synthetic selective factor-Xa inhibitor. It is indicated for prophylaxis of deep vein thrombosis in patients undergoing hip fracture, hip replacement, and knee replacement surgeries. In these patients, fondaparinux appears to be more efficacious than enoxaparin. It is a safe and effective, but expensive, alternative to the ...
Frishman William H - - 2003
The abuse of alcohol is associated with chronic cardiomyopathy, hypertension, and arrhythmia. Abstinence or using alcohol in moderation can reverse these cardiovascular problems. Alcohol is also distinguished among the substances of abuse by having possible protective effects against coronary artery disease and stroke when used in moderate amounts. Amphetamines (eg, ...
Kelly Russell F - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Cocaine produces adverse cardiovascular effects, some of which cannot be explained by epicardial coronary artery disease (CAD) or spasm. HYPOTHESIS: The hypothesis of this study was that cocaine users would have increased coronary microvascular resistance, even in the absence of recent myocardial infarction (MI), CAD, or spasm. METHODS: Microvascular ...
Rochelson Burton - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Ovarian vein and inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis are rare but life-threatening complications of severe obstetric infections. IVC filters have been used to reduce the risk of pulmonary embolus in patients who have recurrent thrombotic and embolic events or underlying risk factors. More recently, retrievable IVC filters have been ...
Roberts D R D - - 2003
A patient developed persistent symptoms and signs suggestive of partial spinal cord infarction after an operation involving the use of the hyperlordotic position. This position involves extension at the waist, such that both the head and feet are below the level of the waist. It is employed to increase surgical ...
Silver J R - - 2003
In 1825 Astley Cooper described the first account of ligation of the abdominal aorta. The patient developed loss of feeling in his lower limbs, incontinence of urine and died after several days. A post mortem was carried out but not, unfortunately, of the spinal cord. This case was recorded again ...
Frishman William H - - 2003
Substance abuse with cocaine is associated with multiple cardiovascular conditions, including myocardial infarction, dissection, left ventricular hypertrophy, arrhythmias, sudden death, and cardiomyopathy. Cocaine has effects to potentiate the physiologic actions of catecholamines and has direct effects on voltage-dependent sodium ion channels related to local anesthetic properties. The effects of cocaine ...
Su Ho-Ming - - 2003
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an uncommon prothrombotic disorder that has been increasingly recognized in recent years. The diagnosis of APS must be associated with venous or arterial thrombosis or both. Patients with APS usually present with recurrent deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary thromboembolism, thromboembolic stroke, or myocardial infarction. Here, we report ...
Weber Jim Edward - - 2003
'With the absence of clearly defined management guidelines, up to 15% of patients who sustaincocaine-associated myocardial infarction are inadvertently released prior to the discovery of acute myocardial infarction.'
Bizzarri Federico - - 2003
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is an unusual trigger for acute coronary syndrome or sudden death, occurring more frequently in relatively young people and mainly in the female sex. The underlying mechanism is not completely understood, but predisposing factors may include metabolism and collagen synthesis disorders. The case of a 34-year-old ...
Vikoren Thomas H - - 2003
A case is described of a 20-year-old college student in whom open reduction and internal fixation of a Weber B fibula fracture was complicated by arterial thrombosis and gangrene of the foot. The patient subsequently required a below-knee amputation. A hypercoagulability workup revealed the presence of an anticardiolipin antibody. Although ...
Vucic S - - 2003
Neuropsychological manifestation has been reported with lesions of the anterior and non-specific thalamic nuclei and mammilothalamic tract (MMT). These have been reported in the setting of arterial infarction and/or haemorrhage. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVT) is a rare cause of brain infarction. It occurs in the setting of oral contraceptive ...
Tiong I Y - - 2003
Protein C deficiency is a disorder in the coagulation cascade that results in predominantly venous thromboembolism. However, recent studies have implicated this disorder as a possible contributor to arterial thrombosis, especially myocardial infarction. There are six reported cases of myocardial infarction secondary to protein C deficiency in the literature. This ...
Wilson Lance D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Cocaine toxicity causes myocardial depression, malignant dysrhythmias, and sudden death, partially due to cocaine-related myocardial sodium channel blockade. Because of cocaine's ability to block cardiac sodium channels, sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) has been proposed as an antidote. The hypothesis of this study was that NaHCO3 would correct cocaine-induced conduction abnormalities ...
Riaz Kamran - - 2003
When a previously healthy, middle-aged patient presents with apparent seizures, what should alert the physician to the possibility of underlying cardiac disease? This report describes a case of long QT syndrome, initially presenting as seizures, which expressed itself at an atypically advanced age as a result of cocaine use, global ...
Cakir Omer - - 2002
Protein C and protein S deficiencies increase the risk of thromboembolic events. We report a case of combined protein C and S deficiency in a young woman, with resulted in acute myocardial infarction and asymptomatic jugular vein thrombosis. The patient was treated successfully with coronary artery bypass graft surgery and ...
Dong Charles C J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Postoperative paraplegia is one of the most dreaded complications after descending thoracic and thoracoabdominal aneurysm surgery. In this study, intraoperative monitoring was applied during resection of descending thoracic and thoracoabdominal aneurysms to detect spinal cord ischemia and help prevent paraplegia. METHODS: Fifty-six patients (descending thoracic, 25; thoracoabdominal, 31) were ...
Vasica Gabriella - - 2002
In Australia, the lifetime use of cocaine is rising, with 3% of the population aged over 14 using cocaine in 1991, increasing to 4.5% in 1998, and cocaine use accounting for 10% of all deaths secondary to illicit drug use in 1998. Cocaine is prepared from the leaves of the ...
Wahl A - - 2002
Vasovagal episodes occur frequently in young healthy patients undergoing venous cannulation and loco-regional anaesthesia. We report two cases of severe coronary vasospasm and non-Q-wave infarction in healthy young women after administration of ephedrine for vasovagal symptoms at the onset of spinal anaesthesia. In the light of unopposed vagal predominance pre-disposing ...
Eren Mesut - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) regulates fibrinolysis and has been reported to be an independent risk factor for ischemic cardiovascular events. This study describes the age-dependent development of spontaneous coronary arterial thrombi that are associated with evidence of subendocardial myocardial infarction in mice transgenic for human PAI-1. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Sharma Arvind K - - 2002
Cocaine-associated myocardial infarction (CAMI) is a well-reported entity. Most previous reports on CAMI have been limited to conservative care utilizing benzodiazepines, aspirin, nitroglycerin, calcium channel blockers, and thrombolytics. Current guidelines on CAMI advocate immediate use of angiography and angioplasty if available rather than routine administration of thrombolytics. However, based on ...
Bauman Jerry L - - 2002
Sudden death due to cocaine in the absence of myocardial infarction has been attributed to the precipitation of life-threatening arrhythmias not unlike that due to antiarrhythmic drugs. Cocaine is a slow on-off sodium blocker and a fast on-off potassium blocker. Effects on repolarization are biphasic: At low concentrations, cocaine delays ...
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