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Daskalaki Maria M Cardiology Department, Elena Venizelou General and Maternity Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
Anthracyclines have been widely used in the treatment of haematological malignancies. Their major adverse effect is cardiomyopathy, but their effect on vascular elasticity has not been completely elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of anthracyclines on aortic elastic properties in patients with lymphomas. We ...
Shih Julia L JL Oradell Animal Hospital, 580 Winters Ave, Paramus, NJ 07652, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Mediastinal lymphoma with neoplastic invasion into the heart was diagnosed in a 9-year-old castrated male domestic short hair cat. The neoplastic infiltrate was seen throughout the atria and atrial septum, surrounded the aortic root, and resulted in narrowing of the right ventricular outflow tract. Chemotherapy resulted in resolution of the ...
Vinicki Juan Pablo - - 2013
Cardiac involvement as an initial presentation of malignant lymphoma is a rare occurrence. We describe the case of a 26 year old man who had initially been diagnosed with myocardial infiltration on an echocardiogram, presenting with a testicular mass and unilateral peripheral facial paralysis. On admission, electrocardiograms (ECG) revealed negative ...
Boztosun B - - 2013
Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has greatly improved outcomes in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and has, therefore, become the preferred reperfusion strategy for this patient group. The goal of primary PCI is to achieve a thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) 3 flow and also to restore adequate perfusion ...
Zlotchenko George - - 2013
A 66-year-old woman presented with complaint of palpable masses throughout her body. A contrast-enhanced, electrocardiogram-gated CT angiogram of the heart using a 256-channel scanner showed a large mass arising from the tricuspid valve. A biopsy of a mass in the patient's breast showed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Cardiac lymphoma usually ...
Kang Yu Y Department of Cardiology, Renji Hospital of Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China Department of Echocardiography, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Disease, Shanghai, China. - - 2013
To examine the subclinical myocardial injury shortly after epirubicin exposure in asymptomatic patients with large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma using 2-dimensional (2D)speckle tracking echocardiography. Sixty-seven patients aged 52.58 ± 13.86 years with large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma treated with epirubicin were studied. Echocardiography was performed at baseline and 1 day after completion ...
Cho Sung Woo - - 2012
Primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) is a rare disorder, but the incidence is increasing and its clinical manifestations are various. We report a case of PCL, which mimics an acute coronary and aortic syndrome. A 51 year-old female was presented with chest pain radiating to the back. Her initial electrocardiogram revealed ...
Jeudy Jean - - 2012
Lymphoma of the heart and pericardium is usually present as one aspect of disseminated disease and rarely occurs as a primary malignancy. It accounts for 1.3% of primary cardiac tumors and 0.5% of extranodal lymphomas. Cardiac lymphomas are most commonly diffuse large cell lymphomas and frequently manifest as an ill-defined, ...
Barison Andrea - - 2011
A 77-year-old man with anterior ST-elevated myocardial infarction and lateral myocardial rupture underwent successful percutaneous revascularization. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) unveiled a disseminated metastatic cancer, likely responsible not only for a prothrombotic paraneoplastic syndrome but also for ventricular metastasis and myocardial rupture. The patient ...
Wein M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular inferoseptal clefts are a localized variant of myocardial structure, easily overlooked but potentially raising concern when identified through imaging. CASE STUDY: Here we illustrate and describe inferoseptal clefts by means of multimodality imaging and consider them in relation to possible differential diagnoses. A 49-year-old male patient was ...
Du Xiao-Jun - - 2011
Left ventricular thrombus (LVT) and rupture are important mechanical complications following myocardial infarction (MI) and are believed to be due to unrelated mechanisms. We studied whether, in fact, wall rupture and LVT are closely related in their pathogenesis with intramural platelet thrombus (IMT) playing a pivotal role. Male 129sv and ...
Ueda Makiko - - 2010
Once atherosclerosis develops, stenosis (or occlusion) may occur in the lumen of various arteries of the living body. This can lead to a range of conditions, including myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction, aortic aneurysm and peripheral artery disease. The acronym 'ATIS' (AtheroThrombosIS) is a collective term for diseases characterized by a ...
Pinto Nigel - - 2011
Ventricular free wall rupture is an acute, severe complication of myocardial infarction (MI). Accounting for 20-30% of MI mortality, ventricular rupture is fatal if not detected early and repaired surgically. The unique case of a delayed, chronic rupture is reported in a 64 year-old male who presented with a painless, ...
Chandrashekhara S H - - 2011
Cardiac injury following blunt trauma is an important cause of morbidity and mortality and is often unsuspected. Isolated chamber rupture and valvular injury are infrequent but recognized consequences of non-penetrating trauma. The diagnosis is generally based on clinical and ECG findings and is further confirmed on echocardiography. This report describes ...
Pawłowski Tomasz - - 2010
Background: Transient left ventricular ballooning syndrome (TLVBS) has been recently recognised as an acute disease mimicking myocardial infarction. Aim: We used greyscale and virtual histology (VH) intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to study the presence and characteristics of atherosclerotic plaque in the left anterior descending (LAD) artery in patients with TLVBS. Methods: ...
Dhand Amar - - 2010
Ventricular free wall rupture is a fatal complication of myocardial infarction (MI). Although described in MI patients who receive thrombolytic therapy, this complication is not well known in ischemic stroke patients who receive intravenous (IV) t-PA. Case report. We present a 93-year-old woman with an acute onset of a right ...
Han Cecilia Sy - - 2010
Left ventricular free wall rupture (LVFWR) is one of the most lethal complications following myocardial infarction. It accounts for approximately 12% to 21% of all in-hospital deaths following myocardial infarction. The majority of patients die shortly after LVFWR from instantaneous pericardial tamponade and hemodynamic collapse. However, up to one-third of ...
Sadat Umar U University Department of Radiology, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge, UK. - - 2010
Atherosclerotic plaques may rupture without warning, causing fatal clinical events such as myocardial infarction and stroke. Degree of stenosis, which is the current criterion for assessment of atherosclerotic disease severity, has been observed to have poor correlation with plaque vulnerability. Under physiological conditions, plaque undertakes mechanical loadings due to blood ...
Ohshima Kousei - - 2011
Plaque rupture plays a critical role for the development of acute myocardial infarction. However, whether quantitative parameters with regard to the cavity size of ruptured plaque are associated with no-reflow (NR) phenomenon following primary angioplasty remains to be elucidated. A total of 53 patients with de novo ST-elevation myocardial infarction ...
Otsuka Fumiyuki - - 2010
Several studies in experimental animals have shown that statins stabilize atheromatous plaques by increasing fibrous-cap thickness. However, direct evidence linking the use of statins to the incidence of plaque rupture in humans is lacking. We investigated whether statin treatment before the onset of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) influences the incidence ...
Ozer Necla - - 2010
In the era of early and invasive therapeutic approaches, myocardial rupture has become an uncommon complication of myocardial infarction. We report an uncommon complication following inferior myocardial infarction with both left ventricular and right ventricular rupture and subsequent communication via a shared pseudoaneurysm.
Hamdan-Challe Marilyne - - 2010
A ventricular septal rupture (VSR) is a rare complication of blunt chest trauma. We describe the case of a 25-year-old man who developed a VSR as a result of a high-speed road accident. The rupture was closed by left ventricular remodeling and replacement of the diseased myocardium with a Dacron ...
Di Bella Isidoro - - 2010
In rare cases of posterior myocardial infarction, septal rupture is the consequence of a dissecting interventricular hematoma that evolves as a fibrotic septal chamber with two separate communications, towards left and right ventricle. This unusual anatomical pattern is generally unsuspected and described as a normal interventricular defect associated with a ...
Shah Dharita - - 2010
Congenital left ventricular diverticulum is a rare cardiac malformation characterized by a localized outpouching from the cardiac chamber. The patient is usually asymptomatic. However, complications like embolism, infective endocarditis, arrhythmia and, rarely, rupture can be the initial presentation. Diagnosis can be established by USG, echocardiography, CT angiography, and MRI. We ...
Finn Aloke V - - 2010
Today's concept of vulnerable plaque has evolved primarily from the early pioneering work uncovering the pivotal role of plaque rupture and coronary thrombosis as the major cause of acute myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death. Since the first historical description of plaque rupture in 1844, several key studies by leading ...
Jayaranganath M - - 2010
Though ruptured sinuses of Valsalva have been traditionally managed surgically, they are amenable to transcatheter closure. Various devices have been used for closure of these defects. We describe a novel technique of closure of a ruptured right sinus of Valsalva into the right ventricular outflow tract. A muscular ventricular septal ...
Shamshad Faisal - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Myocardial rupture is a relatively rare and usually fatal complication of myocardial infarction (MI). Early recognition of patients at greatest risk of myocardial rupture provides an opportunity for early intervention. METHODS: VALIANT was a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial comparing valsartan, captopril, and their combination in high-risk patients post-MI. Myocardial ...
Donoiu Ionut - - 2010
Ventricular septal rupture is a rare complication of acute myocardial infarction with important hemodynamic consequences. Spontaneous closure is extremely rare. Without a rapid diagnosis and correction by surgical intervention, the short-term mortality of these patients is higher than 90%. We report the case of a patient with acute myocardial infarction ...
Hilfiker-Kleiner Denise - - 2010
BACKGROUND: In patients with myocardial infarction, high serum levels of interleukin-6 cytokines predict a poor outcome. The common receptor of interleukin-6 cytokines, glycoprotein-130 (gp130), signals via janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT), cytoplasmic protein tyrosine phosphatase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase, and phosphoinositide-3-kinase/Akt pathways, and the regulation of these pathways depends ...
Bittencourt Márcio Sommer - - 2010
A 61-year-old female patient presented with sub acute myocardial infarction with an occluded right coronary artery on invasive evaluation and a ventricular septal rupture on echocardiogram. Cardiac computed tomography (CT) was performed to better define the septal anatomy. As the anatomy on cardiac CT was considered unfavorable for percutaneous intervention, ...
Biccard B M - - 2010
It is generally believed that plaque rupture and myocardial oxygen supply-demand imbalance contribute approximately equally to the burden of peri-operative myocardial infarction. This review critically analyses data of post-mortem, pre-operative coronary angiography, troponin surveillance, other pre-operative non-invasive investigations, and peri-operative haemodynamic predictors of myocardial ischaemia and/or myocardial infarction. The current ...
Kan Chung-Ben - - 2010
A 73-year-old diabetic, hypertensive man sustained acute inferolateral wall myocardial infarction 2 days before a syncopal episode, and he was resuscitated on the way to the hospital and during the preoperative examination. An extensive tear of the left posterolateral pericardium with massive left hemothorax and left ventricular free wall rupture ...
Ozer Necla - - 2010
In the era of early and invasive therapeutic approaches, myocardial rupture has become an uncommon complication of myocardial infarction. We report an uncommon complication following inferior myocardial infarction with both left ventricular and right ventricular rupture and subsequent communication via a shared pseudoaneurysm. (Echocardiography, ****;**:E1-E4).
Regar Evelyn - - 2010
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a novel invasive imaging technology that allows in vivo assessment of the coronary wall with high resolution (approximately 15 micron). OCT offers a number of specific diagnostic features to study culprit lesions in patients suffering from acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Clinical OCT studies in patients ...
Ruiz-Bailén Manuel - - 2010
The aim was to evaluate factors associated with the development of heart rupture in a Spanish registry of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. This was a retrospective study of cohorts, including all patients diagnosed with AMI included in the ARIAM Spanish multicenter registry. The study period was from June 1996 ...
Haghi Dariusch - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Plaque rupture with subsequent transient thrombotic coronary occlusion by a fast-dissolving clot is one of the proposed pathogenic mechanisms in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC). HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to seek evidence for the hypothesis of transient coronary thrombosis as the underlying mechanism of TC by means of ...
Endo Mitsuaki M Division of Cardiology, Yokohama City University Medical Center, Yokohama, - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess whether ultrasound attenuation and plaque rupture as detected by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) are associated with the incidence of no-reflow phenomenon after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). No-reflow phenomenon is associated with worse long-term outcomes after STEMI. Therefore, ...
Hong Young Joon - - 2010
We used intravascular ultrasonography to assess plaque morphology and morphometry in 310 patients with acute myocardial infarction (125 with ST-segment elevation and 185 with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction) with varying degrees of renal dysfunction according to the creatinine clearance (CrCl): CrCl >70 ml/min in 153, CrCl of 30 to 69 ...
Basarici Ibrahim - - 2010
Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) is an uncommon but a devastating complication of acute myocardial infarction. Wide implementation of thrombolytic therapy in practice has limited the incidence of this complication and changed its time pattern by accelerating the occurrence. In the era of primary percutaneous coronary intervention, this beneficial effect is ...
Miyajima Masahiro - - 2010
We present the case of a patient with postinfarction ventricular septal rupture (VSR) who underwent delayed repair using a modified infarction exclusion technique. The patient was taken to the operating room 21 days after the first incidence of acute myocardial infarction because the intra-aortic balloon pump maintained a stable circulatory ...
Hong Young Joon - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported diffuse destabilization of atherosclerotic plaques in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We used intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) to assess coronary culprit lesions in ST segment elevation MI (STEMI) vs. in non-ST segment elevation MI (NSTEMI). METHODS: Patient population comprised 125 STEMI and 185 NSTEMI patients. IVUS findings ...
López-Sendón José - - 2010
To determine the incidence and factors associated with heart rupture (HR) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. Among 60 198 patients, 273 (0.45%) had HR (free wall rupture, n = 118; ventricular septal rupture, n = 155). Incidence was 0.9% for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), 0.17% for non-STEMI, and ...
Aggeli Constantina - - 2010
Intramyocardial dissecting haematoma is a rare form of cardiac rupture that can occur as a complication following acute myocardial infarction or during the remodelling process. It is usually caused by a haemorrhagic dissection among the spiral myocardial fibres and needs urgent surgical treatment. Here we report the case of a ...
Levantino Maurizio - - 2010
Ventricular septal defect (VSD) and papillary muscle rupture are severe complications of myocardial infarction which are usually observed individually although their simultaneous occurrence has been observed in pathological studies. An 82-year-old female underwent repair of a post-infarction VSD and 13 days later required mitral valve replacement due to delayed papillary ...
Schram Gernot - - 2010
Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) with dissection of the right ventricular free wall is an extremely rare complication after inferior myocardial infarction. Mortality is 100% without surgical treatment. The optimal surgical strategy remains unclear because of the limited number of cases, but repair of VSR alone might be equally effective as ...
Goldstone Andrew B - - 2010
Left ventricular rupture is a rare but potentially fatal complication of mitral valve replacement. We describe how a modified Cabrol shunt was used to address intractable hemorrhage from a left ventricular rupture after reoperative mitral valve replacement.
Huang Chi-Ming - - 2010
Free wall rupture, the most fearful complication of myocardial infarction, mostly attacks anterior walls. Acute rupture is characterized by rapid development of mechanical arrest accompanied with bradyarrhythmia or electromechanical dissociation. The majority of patients succumb to death as the result of cardiac tamponade. Risk factors are advanced age, female gender, ...
French John K - - 2010
A decrease in mechanical complications after ST-elevation myocardial infarction may have contributed to improved survival rates associated with reperfusion by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Mechanical complications occurred in 52 of 5,745 patients (0.91%) in the largest reported randomized trial in which primary PCI was the reperfusion strategy. The frequencies ...
Lunghetti Stefano - - 2010
Papillary muscle rupture is an infrequent but often fatal mechanical complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We report the case of an AMI complicated by the development of an abrupt cardiogenic shock due to the rupture of the head of the postero-medial papillary muscle with echocardiographic demonstration of severe mitral ...
Hsieh Yu-Cheng - - 2010
Intramyocardial hematoma is a rare sequela of percutaneous coronary intervention after acute myocardial infarction. Clinical outcomes of intramyocardial hematoma vary from asymptomatic remission to cardiac death. Close follow-up is imperative. Herein, we report the case of a 69-year-old man who had sustained an acute inferior myocardial infarction. During primary percutaneous ...
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