Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1002
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Fujii Hiromichi - - 2003
A Mallory - Weiss tear occurred as a complication of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography carried out in a 62-year-old man who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. Left ventricular function was monitored in the transgastric short-axis view. Postoperative esophagogastroscopy revealed a Mallory - Weiss tear at the gastroesophageal junction and erosions in ...
Straub A - - 2003
After blunt chest trauma, a patient with chronic coronary heart disease sustained an isolated rupture of the right coronary artery. All findings suggested a heart contusion complicated by a non-compromising pericardial effusion and aggravated by anticoagulation with phenprocoumon. After right-ventricular failure occurred, emergency coronary revascularization could not prevent a fatal ...
Canovas Sergio J - - 2003
Left ventricular free wall rupture is a dramatic complication after myocardial infarction. We present our experience with the simple, expedient technique of patch glue repair without extracorporeal circulation. Access is obtained via median sternotomy. Evacuation of blood and haematoma is undertaken and a Goretex patch exceeding the size of infarct ...
Skyschally Andreas - - 2003
Atherosclerotic plaque rupture is a key event in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndromes and during coronary interventions. However, it does not always result in complete thrombotic occlusion of the entire epicardial coronary artery with subsequent acute myocardial infarction; in milder forms the result can be embolization of atherosclerotic and ...
Kumar Krishna - - 2003
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is known to cause acute obstructive hydrocephalus, refractory elevated intracranial pressures (ICPs), and lowered cerebral perfusion pressures, leading to cortical ischemia. Frequent obstruction of external ventricular drains as a result of thrombus is a recurring theme. We present a case of IVH secondary to ...
Lee C H - - 2003
A case of a 37 year old man with cardiac angiosarcoma causing recurrent pericardial effusion, who eventually died of cardiac rupture, is presented. The diagnosis was not established until the postmortem examination despite echocardiography, pericardiocentesis, and pericardial biopsy investigations. There is neither a specific manifestation that enables early recognition nor ...
Benfatto Giuseppe - - 2003
We report a rare clinical case of acute abdomen due to partial infarction of a wandering spleen in the pelvis in a 60-year-old woman. The patient was suffering from stabbing pain in the external lower quadrant of the abdomen, irradiating back to the lumbosacral area, together with an unremitting feverish ...
Fukushima Satsuki - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Left ventricular free wall rupture is a major complication after myocardial infarction. Simple gluing for a rupture site, without a cardiopulmonary bypass, has been reported useful. METHODS: We experienced a left ventricular pseudoaneurysm, of 8 cm in size, emerging at a previous rupture site 1 year after gluing with ...
Takada Aya - - 2003
Cardiac rupture during acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is one of the most frequent causes of sudden cardiac death. However, some reports have indicated the possibility that the cardiac rupture during AMI may occur by external cardiac massage. We pathologically examined the hearts of 77 patients who died suddenly due to ...
Nissen Steven E - - 2003
Although an early invasive strategy (angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention) is the convention in acute coronary syndrome (ACS)/non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI) in the U.S., a conservative pharmacologic approach is common in other countries. Trial evidence has demonstrated a modest benefit with an angiographically guided approach; but patients having negative ...
Tanaka Keiji - - 2003
Cardiac ruptures after myocardial infarction are classified as ventricular free wall ruptures (FWR), ventricular septal ruptures (VSR), and papillary muscle ruptures (PMR). A combination of any two types of rupture is called "ventricular double rupture;" (VDR) and shows a specific clinical course. 3,284 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) were ...
Janson Jacques T - - 2003
Pericardial rupture after blunt chest trauma is rare and is associated with a high mortality rate. We describe a patient with traumatic pericardial rupture and cardiac herniation who was successfully treated surgically. Traumatic pericardial rupture is difficult to diagnose preoperatively but should be suspected whenever there is severe blunt chest ...
Schoenhagen Paul - - 2003
Despite significantly improved preventive and therapeutic options, coronary artery disease remains the major cause of mortality in North America. A large number of acute coronary events, including acute myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death, occur in patients without prior symptoms because these events are initiated by sudden rupture of mildly ...
Mittle Sumit - - 2003
Left ventricular free wall rupture is known to complicate acute myocardial infarction and is the second most common cause of inhospital mortality in this patient population. Contrary to widely held medical belief, this does not always result in immediate fatal pericardial tamponade with hemodynamic collapse. Up to 40% of such ...
Ustun Celatettin - - 2003
The association of sickle cell trait (SCT) and hereditary spherocytosis (HS) has been reported in only 18 patients. Three of these 18 patients experienced splenic infarct or acute splenic sequestration. We report here a 46-year-old African-American male, the oldest reported case to date, who experienced episodes of hemolysis and severe ...
Harada Tomohiro - - 2002
As a complication of myocardial infarction, dual rupture of the left ventricular myocardium and the papillary muscle is a rare condition. In such a case, the heart is predisposed to reduced output because of unloading of the ventricle during systole, resulting in the patient being in danger of deteriorating into ...
Kim Mi Youn - - 2002
Transesophageal echocardiography was performed to evaluate the exact cause of severe mitral regurgitation in a 64-year-old man presented with hypotension and dyspnea after acute inferior wall myocardial infarction. In mid-esophageal two- and four-chamber view, the ruptured stump of papillary muscle could not be visualized. However, in transgastric two-chamber view, we ...
Chang Yih-Leong - - 2002
Primary cardiac tumours are rare, with only one quarter of the patients being malignant. The vast majority of malignant neoplasms of the heart are sarcomas. We describe a patient of primary cardiac rhabdomyosarcoma presented as coronary artery disease and recurrent myocardial infarction. Histopathologic finding of the excised native heart revealed ...
Mariani Massimo A - - 2002
Left ventricular free wall rupture is a well-recognized complication of myocardial infarction and is a frequent cause of death. Immediate surgical repair is the treatment of choice and many different surgical approaches have been reported. We describe an off-pump sutureless technique with the use of a glutaraldehyde-treated bovine pericardial patch ...
Amano Hideki - - 2002
We experienced two cases of left ventricular free wall rupture (LVFWR) following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Case 1, with the blowout type of LVFWR was initially closed by direct suture, followed by hemostasis using a double patch sealing method (DPS) by which the tear was doubly sealed with large and ...
Flajsig Igor - - 2002
AIM: To analyze the results of surgical treatment of left ventricular free wall rupture after acute myocardial infarct in a case series. METHOD: From 1984 to 2001, 25 patients (10 women and 15 men) were surgically treated in our Center for left ventricular free wall rupture after acute myocardial infarction. ...
Pasteuning W Hans - - 2002
We report a patient with an acute rupture of an aneurysm of the right sinus of Valsalva of a bicuspid aortic valve into the right atrium. This congenital disorder is a result of a weak point in the aortic wall resulting from a localized interruption of the media. Because of ...
Tanaka Keiji - - 2002
This study aimed to analyze the clinical course, timing of rupture and relationship with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with cardiac free wall rupture (FWR) following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). FWR was observed in 77 (2.3%) of 3, 284 patients with AMI in our CCU over 28 years. 47 ...
Gao Xiao-Ming - - 2002
This paper addresses whether the enhanced left ventricular (LV) contractility and heart rate, seen in transgenic mice overexpressing beta -adrenergic receptor in the heart, might raise the incidence of LV rupture after myocardial infarct. Transgenic and wild-type mice underwent left coronary artery occlusion. Postinfarct deaths that occurred 1-7 days after ...
Maehara Akiko - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to report the clinical and angiographic correlates of plaque rupture detected by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndromes result from spontaneous plaque rupture and thrombosis. METHODS: We report 300 plaque ruptures in 257 arteries in 254 patients. Plaque ruptures were detected during pre-intervention IVUS. ...
Cohen Yossi - - 2002
This case report deals with an unusual leukostatic complication in a 56-year-old woman with acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) and extreme hyperleukocytosis (316 x 10(9)/L) who presented with acute myocardial infarction (MI). After leukopheresis the patient achieved hemodynamic stabilization and rapid neurologic recovery of encephalopathy that had also developed after the ...
Srichai Monvadi B - - 2002
A 67-year-old woman sustained an acute lateral-wall myocardial infarction and was treated with thrombolytic therapy. Postinfarction hypotension developed 3 days later. Clinical findings at that time were consistent with cardiac tamponade, and an echocardiographic study revealed a moderate-sized pericardial effusion. She underwent urgent pericardiocentesis with transient improvement in hemodynamics, followed ...
Hirai Shinji - - 2002
A 53-year-old man crashed his motorcycle into a vehicle and was transported to our hospital by ambulance after about 30 min. Echocardiography revealed cardiac tamponade. Pericardiocentesis was immediately performed using a 5 Fr catheter via the subxiphoid approach and the results suggested cardiac injury. Surgery was commenced via median sternotomy ...
Higuchi Maria de Lourdes Mde - - 2002
In this review we report our recent findings of histopathological features of plaque instability and the association with Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) and Chlamydia pneumoniae (CP) infection, studying thrombosed coronary artery segments (CAS) of patients who died due to acute myocardial infarction. Vulnerable plaques are known to be associated with fat ...
Lachapelle Kevin - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular free wall rupture is an uncommon but catastrophic event after myocardial infarction and is associated with a high mortality. After prompt diagnosis some patients may be salvaged with immediate surgical intervention. Surgical techniques used to seal the rupture vary, as few surgeons have experience with this pathologic ...
Joho Shuji - - 2002
This report describes a long-term survival case of left ventricular free wall rupture treated with percutaneous intrapericardial fibrin-glue fixation therapy. A 82-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency room because of vomiting and syncope diagnosed as acute posterolateral myocardial infarction complicated by cardiac tamponade. After her hemodynamic condition was stabilized ...
Krakau Ingo - - 2002
Two cases of left ventricular free wall rupture and one case of combined left ventricular free wall and ventricular septal rupture are described where ventriculography played a key role in diagnosis. In all three cases of patients with acute myocardial infarction, identification and localization of the defect was made by ...
Ajith Kumar V K - - 2002
A 52-year-old male developed ventricular septal rupture on the third day after acute anterior wall myocardial infarction. Coronary angiogram showed a single coronary artery (right coronary from left main stem) with significant lesions in left anterior descending and in left circumflex coronary arteries. This association has not been reported so ...
Ahmed Tamzeed - - 2002
Cardiac echinococcosis is a rare condition, and its manifestations are protean depending upon its site of infestation. We report a case of hydatid heart disease presenting like an acute cardiac ischemic episode associated with a rise in serum cardiac enzymes secondary to left ventricular free wall dissection caused by ruptured ...
Altunkeser Bülent B - - 2002
Subacute left ventricular free wall rupture is a rare complication in acute myocardial infarction. With the increasing use of thrombolytic agents and glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors, this complication has been increasing recently. We report a case of subacute cardiac rupture with frank pericardial effusion receiving thrombolytic and glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor therapies.
Tearney Guillermo J - - 2002
Improved methods are needed to identify the vulnerable coronary plaques responsible for acute myocardial infraction or sudden cardiac death. We describe a method for characterizing the structure and biomechanical properties of atherosclerotic plaques based on speckle pattern fluctuations. Near-field speckle images were acquired from five human aortic specimens ex vivo. ...
Ting A C W - - 2002
The management of a 79-year-old man presenting with a ruptured common iliac aneurysm is described. The patient had multiple medical problems including hypertension, ischaemic heart disease, and atrial fibrillation, as well as a left hemispheric stroke 5 years previously. Traditional open surgery was judged unsuitable in this case because of ...
Ribeiro-Silva Alfredo - - 2002
Myocytes in the border zone of myocardial infarction are under severe hypoxia without characteristic morphology of necrosis, and show ultrastructural features similar to those seen within the first hours after coronary occlusion. This study was carried out to evaluate the possibility that immunohistochemical methods could be used for the early ...
Virmani Renu - - 2002
The term "vulnerable" in the context of human coronary plaques was originally intended to provide a morphological description consistent with lesions prone to rupture. Coronary thrombosis is now recognized as a diverse process arising from plaque rupture, erosion, or calcified nodules. These findings have prompted the search for more definitive ...
Hutchins Kenneth D - - 2002
Cardiac rupture as a complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) has been described as occurring infrequently. Because of the recent dramatic decrease in autopsy rates, the authors believe that current studies do not accurately represent the frequency of this catastrophic complication. Autopsy protocols and archived histologic slides of patients with ...
Mulvihill N T - - 2002
Extensive evidence supports a pathogenic role for both local and systemic inflammation in acute coronary syndromes. However, several important questions remain unanswered. Is the observed inflammatory process a precursor or a consequence of coronary plaque rupture? Is the inflammatory component of unstable coronary disease a potential therapeutic target? Finally, do ...
Moreno Pedro R - - 2002
BACKGROUND: A method is needed to identify nonstenotic, lipid-rich coronary plaques that are likely to cause acute coronary events. Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy can provide information on the chemical composition of tissue. We tested the hypothesis that NIR spectroscopy can identify plaque composition and features associated with plaque vulnerability in human ...
Courtney Brian K - - 2002
Acute myocardial infarction is a frequent cause of sudden death, and is typically initiated by the rupture of coronary artery plaques. The likelihood and severity of rupture are influenced by the plaque structures and components. Radiofrequency (RF) intravascular ultrasound (US) (IVUS-RF) measurements extend current IVUS imaging techniques and may eventually ...
Hort W - - 2002
This brief paper is chiefly based on main lectures about a few principal topics presented during the past 75 years at the congresses of the German Society for Circulation Research and its successor, the German Cardiac Society. Rudolf Virchow is often considered as an advocate of an inflammatory theory of ...
Worthley Stephen G - - 2002
Atherosclerotic disease and its thrombotic complications remain the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in Western society. In Australia, cardiovascular disease is responsible for one in every 2.4 (41%) deaths and is the leading single cause of mortality. The crucial final common process for the conversion of a non-occlusive, often ...
Joseph Abed Y - - 2002
This study was undertaken to examine the community hospital experience in managing ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm, and to assess the quality of life in survivors of the abdominal aortic aneurysm procedure. Study parameters included a retrospective chart review with prospective follow-up at a 369-bed, university-affiliated, community teaching hospital. Eighty-one consecutive ...
Davis Nicholas - - 2002
Although a rare complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), ventricular rupture is a serious event associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Patients normally present with hemodynamic instability, often in cardiogenic shock. Despite improvements in surgical techniques and diagnostic tools, post-myocardial infarction ventricular rupture remains a difficult therapeutic challenge. There are ...
Kurusz Mark - - 2002
Coronary sinus (CS) rupture occurring during retrograde cardioplegia (RCP) is a rare complication. Patients with left ventricular hypertrophy are at higher risk for injury to the CS. The patient was a 66-year-old female with hypertension, ischemic cardiomyopathy and dysrhythmias, who had evidence of an anterior wall myocardial infarction, congestive heart ...
Popescu Bogdan A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular pseudoaneurysm (LVPA) is a rare entity characterized by a tendency to spontaneous rupture due to its morphology, a lack of myocardial fibers and fibrous tissue delineating the cavity. An early diagnosis is essential in order to guide appropriate therapy. PURPOSE: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of different ...
Gunasinghe S K - - 2001
Changes in cardiovascular tissue structure can result in alterations in function. This process occurs as a continuum and can be defined as cardiovascular remodeling. A family of zinc dependent proteases known as the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) has been demonstrated to cause tissue remodeling. A number of past studies have demonstrated ...
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