Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1004
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Leva Cristian - - 2006
Left ventricular free wall rupture (LVFWR) is one of the most dramatic complications of myocardial infarction. We present our mid-term clinical and echocardiographic results of LVFWR with patch and complete myocardial revascularization on viable tissue. From August 2000 to July 2005, 9 patients underwent surgery for LVFWR. Mean age was ...
Tsai Tsung-Neng - - 2006
Rupture of infective endocarditis-associated perivalvular abscess of left ventricular outlet leading to death is a rare complication of transesophageal echocardiography. We report a case of impending rupture periaortic valve abscess of left ventricular outlet that was initially diagnosed as acute pericarditis at the emergency department in which the patient suddenly ...
Bossert Torsten - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The role of Swan-Ganz catheterization for cardiac surgery and perioperative management has recently been scrutinized. METHODS: Prospective observational study for serious complications related to Swan-Ganz catheterization. 7150 patients undergoing cardiac operations at a major European heart center and academic setting. 3730 Swan-Ganz catheter placements for cardiac surgery (7.5 French ...
Shauq Arjamand - - 2006
Cardiac diverticula are rare and may have a wide spectrum of presentation ranging from an acute rupture and life threatening arrhythmias to being completely asymptomatic. The treatment options may vary but in view of their life threatening potential, the consensus is towards treating them early when the diagnosis was made. ...
Virmani Renu - - 2006
The majority of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) present with unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction, and sudden coronary death. The most common cause of coronary thrombosis is plaque rupture followed by plaque erosion, whereas calcified nodule is infrequent. If advances in coronary disease are to occur, it is important ...
Madjid Mohammad - - 2006
Up to two-thirds of acute myocardial infarctions develop at sites of culprit lesions without a significant stenosis. New imaging techniques are needed to identify those lesions with an increased risk of developing an acute complication in the near future. Inflammation is a hallmark feature of these vulnerable/high-risk plaques. We have ...
Choy Jenny Susana - - 2006
The sudden exposure of veins to arterial pressures during coronary venous retroperfusion may cause rupture of small venules. Our rationale is to first occlude the coronary vein, which will cause an increase in pressure intermediate to arterial and venous values, and hence lead to remodeling and increased wall thickness of ...
Aigner Clemens - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative coronary sinus rupture is a rare event; however, it carries potential mortality and its' management is technically challenging. A repair technique should provide adequate bleeding control while avoiding narrowing or stricture of the coronary sinus. METHODS: We retrospectively review our experience with a new pericardial patch repair technique. ...
Amel Erli - - 2006
Coronary atherosclerosis is the most frequent cause of ischemic heart disease. The composition and vulnerability of the atherosclerotic plaque determines the development of acute coronary syndromes. In this study, 224 advanced atherosclerotic plaques were identified from the main coronary arterial branches of 10 autopsy heart specimens. The plaques were classified ...
Pregowski Jerzy - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Plaque rupture is a substrate for thrombosis, occlusion, and myocardial infarction. The left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) subtends the largest amount of myocardium; therefore, the location of LAD plaque rupture is of particular importance in detecting vulnerable plaques. The aim of our study was to assess the location ...
Panagiotou Matthew - - 2006
Left ventricular free wall rupture is a dramatic complication of myocardial infarction. Sub-acute rupture may be compatible with life for several days or even longer. We present a simple and effective technique of construction of a conical apical patch, Chinese-hat, which was applied successfully to the infracted left ventricular (LV) ...
Han Seung Hwan - - 2006
A 57-year-old man came to the emergency room because of abrupt chest pain for 30min. ST elevations in inferior lead were normalized following sublingual nitroglycerin. He performed an exercise test on Bruce protocol and exercised up to 12min (13 METs) without chest pain and ST-T changes on the next day. ...
Kamohara Keiji - - 2006
We describe a patient with acute mitral regurgitation due to complete rupture of the papillary muscle immediately after successful late reperfusion for inferior myocardial infarction. An 81-year-old woman was admitted complaining of mild chest discomfort. Although the electrocardiograms, biochemical test results, and her clinical history showed that several days had ...
Pink E - - 2006
Ventricular rupture occurs in 10% of acute myocardial infarctions and is associated with significant mortality. We describe two cases of ventricular rupture post myocardial infarction who survived. We highlight salient points in their diagnosis and management and review the existing literature to determine what constitutes optimal management in these difficult ...
Otsubo Roberto - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: A lower incidence of acute myocardial infarction was reported in patients with chronic liver disease. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of chronic liver disease on characteristics associated with vulnerability of human coronary artery atherosclerotic plaques. METHODS: One hundred fourteen hearts were collected from 3 groups of individuals: A--38 chronic ...
Sánchez Magda E - - 2006
We report a 22-year-old man who developed shortness of breath after lifting weights and then developed acute heart failure due to rupture of an aneurysm of the right sinus of Valsalva into the right ventricle. The patient developed dyspnea, and clinical findings included tachycardia, wide pulse pressure, bounding carotid and ...
Ishibashi Fumiyuki - - 2006
Predicting the occurrence of future acute coronary syndromes remains an important challenge of contemporary cardiology. It is thought that detecting the individual vulnerable plaques in patients can be an important step to preventing myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death. Coronary angioscopy can provide detailed information of the luminal surface of ...
Zhang Huai-Jun - - 2006
Left ventricular rupture after mitral valve replacement is a rare but lethal complication. Between 1995 and 2003, left ventricular rupture occurred in 13 of 5,449 patients who underwent mitral valve replacement, with an incidence of 0.24%. There were 4 immediate ruptures and 9 delayed ruptures. Urgent repair of the rupture ...
Liu Peter - - 2006
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of proteolytic enzymes that are regulated by inflammatory signals to mediate changes in extracellular matrix. Members of the MMP family share sequence homology, act on interstitial protein substrates, acutely participate in inflammatory processes and chronically mediate tissue remodelling. MMPs are important in vascular remodelling, ...
Dahm-Kähler Pernilla - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A method for intravital microscopy of the rabbit ovary was developed to enable observations of real-time changes during ovulation in vivo. The aim was to correlate these events to biochemical events at specific stages of ovulation. METHODS: Virgin, female rabbits were primed with equine chorionic gonadotrophin (CG) (30-100 IU) ...
Sano Keiji - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to define tissue characteristics of vulnerable plaques before acute coronary syndrome (ACS) by use of integrated backscatter intravascular ultrasound (IB-IVUS). BACKGROUND: Tissue characterization of coronary plaques is possible with the use of IB-IVUS. METHODS: The subjects were 140 patients with angina pectoris, and we selected 160 ...
Giattina Susanne D - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Current evidence indicates that most plaques classified as vulnerable or ruptured plaque do not lead to unstable angina or myocardial infarction. Improved methods are needed to risk stratify plaques to identify those which lead to most acute coronary syndromes. Collagen depletion in the intima overlying lipid collections appears to ...
Takada Aya - - 2006
We pathologically evaluated endocardial tears and rupture tracts of left ventricular ruptures during acute myocardial infarctions (50 sudden out-of-hospital death cases; 28 men and 22 women; age range 42-88 years; mean age 68.4 years). Endocardial tears were frequently seen at or near the base of the papillary muscles (54%) or ...
Nahrendorf Matthias - - 2006
Inadequate healing of myocardial infarction may contribute to local expansion of the infarct, frequently leading to chamber dilation, heart failure, or myocardial rupture. Experimental evidence in mouse models suggests that Factor XIII might play a key role in wound healing, and low persistent values lead to increased incidence of cardiac ...
Ismailov Rovshan M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Various types of vascular injury have been reported in the medical literature; the isthmic part of the aorta is at particularly high risk of traumatic rupture. Early diagnosis results in better survival, justifying the search for potential risk factors and diagnostic tests. The aim of this research was to ...
Saia Francesco - - 2006
Rupture of a vulnerable plaque is the main cause of acute coronary syndromes and myocardial infarction. The features of rupture-prone atherosclerotic plaques have been previously described by pathologists. However, identification of vulnerable plaques in vivo is essential to study their natural history and to evaluate potential treatment modalities. Coronary angiography ...
Zaremba M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Unstable atherosclerotic plaque is a dangerous clinical state, possibly leading to acute coronary deficiency resulting in cardiac infarction. Inflammatory factor's role in creating pathological lesions in the endothelium of coronary vessels is frequently raised. This state may be caused by bacteria able to initiate clot formation in blood vessel ...
Tanaka Makiko - - 2006
A 74-year-old woman with severe aortic valve stenosis (AS) was admitted to our hospital because of dyspnea on exertion. On day 2, she developed acute anterior wall myocardial infarction (MI) with ST elevation. Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) was administered 10 min after the onset of chest pain, and emergency percutaneous ...
Niimura Hideya - - 2006
We describe a case of 57-year-old man who presented with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and heart failure with rapid progression of cardiomegaly. Cardiac multislice computed tomography and echocardiography showed the ventricular pseudoaneurysm, probably due to cardiac free wall rupture caused by AMI. Cardiac CT is another useful tool for the ...
Malde D J - - 2006
We report a patient with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder who had metastatic nodules in the myocardium of the left ventricle and tumour emboli in the left circumflex artery which caused myocardial infarction with ventricular rupture and haemopericardium. Cardiac metastasis of transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder is discussed ...
Trindade Maria Luciana Zacarias Hannouche da - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular free wall rupture occurs in up to 10% of the in-hospital deaths following myocardial infarction. It is mainly associated with posterolateral myocardial infarction and its antemortem diagnosis is rarely made. Contrast echocardiography has been increasingly used for the evaluation of myocardial perfusion in patients with acute myocardial ...
Lafci Banu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Ventricular septal rupture is a rare but life-threatening complication of acute myocardial infarction. The mortality rate with medical treatment is more than 90%, whereas the mortality rate after surgical repair varies between 19% and 60% in different studies. This study reviews our experience based on early closure of the ...
Raposo Lu?s - - 2006
Left ventricular free wall rupture (LVFWR) is a fearful complication of acute myocardial infarction in which a swift diagnosis and emergency surgery can be crucial for successful treatment. Because a significant number of cases occur subacutely, clinicians should be aware of the risk factors, clinical features and diagnostic criteria of ...
Kaul Pankaj - - 2006
A 58 year old man underwent 6 surgical interventions for various complications of massive biventricular myocardial infarction over a period of 2 years following acute occlusion of a possibly "hyperdominant" left anterior descending coronary artery. These included concomitant repair of apicoanterior post-infarction VSD and right ventricular free wall rupture, repeat ...
Vohra Hunaid A - - 2006
Left ventricular free wall rupture after myocardial infarction has a high mortality. Suturing techniques of repair may be technically difficult and require cardiopulmonary bypass. We report a case of left ventricular rupture in a 47 year old man managed off pump employing a sutureless technique with Gelatine-Resorcin-Formalin glue and bovine ...
Cavasin Maria A - - 2006
Cardiac rupture can be fatal after myocardial infarction (MI). Experiments in animals revealed gender differences in rupture rate; however, patient data are controversial. We found a significantly higher rupture rate in testosterone-treated female mice within 1 wk after MI, whereas castration in males significantly reduced rupture. We hypothesized that testosterone ...
Rouis Mustapha - - 2005
Mature human atherosclerotic plaques are frequently characterized by a lipid-rich core covered by a fibrous cap composed of fibrillar collagens, elastin, proteoglycans and smooth muscle cells (SMC). Most sudden deaths due to acute myocardial infarction are caused by rupture of coronary atheroma, leading to a prothrombotic response followed by rapid ...
Lu Li-Hua - - 2005
Blunt cardiac rupture is highly associated with mortality. In the recent literature, the reported mortality rates of cardiac rupture ranged from 59.7% to 100%. The probability of survival for those with prehospital pulseless electrical activity was extremely low. This case report describes a rare example of survival of a female ...
Vargas-Barrón Jesús - - 2005
Intramyocardial dissecting hematoma is a form of subacute cardiac rupture complicating acute myocardial infarction. Initially contained within the myocardial wall, the hematoma may expand, rupture into adjacent structures, or spontaneously resolve. However, long-term follow-up is unknown because clinical and serial imaging data are lacking. The purpose of this study was ...
Fukuda Daiju - - 2006
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are important for resorption of extracellular matrixes and may degrade the fibrous cap of an atherosclerotic plaque, thus contributing to coronary plaque rupture. Histologic studies have shown MMP expression in lesions of acute coronary syndrome. In this study, we evaluated the relation between plaque morphology as obtained ...
Assiri Ali H - - 2005
An 83-year-old man with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) for 10 years presented with dyspnea and hypotension. Blood investigations and electrocardiogram were consistent with acute myocardial infarction. The patient deteriorated quickly and died shortly thereafter. At autopsy, there was severe atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries and an inferolateral left ventricular wall ...
Ohlmann Patrick - - 2005
The long-term outcome of patients who present with an identified plaque rupture in a nonflow-limiting lesion is not well known. We retrospectively studied 17 consecutive patients in whom intravascular ultrasound identified plaque rupture in nonflow-limiting lesions (minimum lumen area >4.0 mm2) that were not treated with coronary intervention. After a ...
Fitzgerald Mark - - 2005
Blunt cardiac injuries are a leading cause of fatalities following motor-vehicle accidents. Injury to the heart is involved in 20% of road traffic deaths. Structural cardiac injuries (i.e. chamber rupture or perforation) carry a high mortality rate and patients rarely survive long enough to reach hospital. Chamber rupture is present ...
Elsässer A - - 2005
A 65-year old patient was admitted after having sustained a ventricular septum rupture 18 days after an anterior myocardial infarction. He developed acute heart failure. Given the extremely high perioperative risk in surgical approaches in this setting, we decided for a transcatheter closure of the defect with an exclusively venous ...
Bougiouklis Petros A - - 2005
This report describes a case of cardiac right auricle rupture (RAR) in a flock of 11,500 broilers that were 14 days old. The birds were housed at an altitude of 300 m, with an external temperature of -10 degrees C and an internal temperature of 15 degrees C. There was ...
Fuster Valentin - - 2005
Atherothrombosis is a complex disease in which cholesterol deposition, inflammation, and thrombus formation play a major role. Rupture of high-risk, vulnerable plaques is responsible for coronary thrombosis, the main cause of unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death. In addition to rupture, plaque erosion may also lead to ...
Tyczynski Pawel - - 2005
Atherosclerotic plaque rupture is the main cause of acute coronary syndromes. There is no systematic description of ruptured plaques located in the left main coronary artery (LMCA). The aim of our study was to describe ruptured plaques in the LMCA with intravascular ultrasound. We identified 17 LMCA plaque ruptures in ...
Bonello L - - 2005
A 55-year-old man was admitted with a four-month history of lethargy, dyspnea and ascites. An idiopathic liver cirrhosis was suspected to be responsible for these symptoms and for elevated hepatic enzymes on blood tests. A few months before he had an angioplasty on the left anterior descending artery for an ...
Baslaim Ghassan M - - 2005
Cardiac pseudoaneurysm is a contained rupture of the myocardium that can occur after cardiac surgery, chest trauma, and endocarditis. The wall of the pseudoaneurysm consists of fibrous tissue and lacks the structural elements found in a normal cardiac wall, and it is contained by the pericardial adhesions or the epicardial ...
Lobo Francesca V - - 2005
Three patients ranging in age from 58 to 72 years underwent mitral valve replacement for cardiogenic shock and severe mitral insufficiency associated with acute myocardial infarction. Correlation of the gross and microscopic findings confirmed the presence of partial rupture of both papillary muscles in all three cases. Papillary muscle rupture ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >