Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1002
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Duda A M - - 1999
Blunt cardiac rupture occurs infrequently and is usually lethal. Successful repairs of isolated atrial or ventricular ruptures have been reported when the diagnosis is made early. Our patient sustained blunt cardiac rupture of both ventricles in a motor vehicle accident. The diagnosis was made during emergency exploratory laparotomy when her ...
Schussheim A E - - 1999
The role of inflammatory mechanisms in the initiation, progression and clinical expression of atherosclerosis is increasingly appreciated. With this awareness, the possibility that acute or chronic infection may initiate or modulate these processes in an active area of investigation. Infectious organisms may influence the atherosclerotic process through direct local effects ...
Schaffer R B - - 1999
Isolated rupture of of the ventricular septum after blunt chest trauma is a very rare traumatic affection. A 21-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of blunt chest trauma and a forearm fracture. Initial echocardiography did not show any intracardiac or extracardiac pathologic lesions, but 12 hours later this ...
Rabbani R - - 1999
Acute coronary syndromes result from fissure, erosion or rupture of a vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque. The characteristics of a vulnerable plaque include a large lipid pool, an abundance of inflammatory cells and mediators, a reduced smooth muscle cell and collagen content and a thin overlying fibrous cap. Potential therapeutic strategies at ...
Muller J E - - 1999
Serious adverse cardiovascular events, including myocardial infarction, sudden cardiac death, and stroke, frequently result from thrombotic processes and rupture of atherosclerotic plaques. These events exhibit a pronounced circadian rhythmicity, with a marked peak in the morning hours when the patient assumes an upright posture and begins daily activities. However, it ...
Varbella F - - 1999
Left ventricular free wall rupture (LVFWR) may complicate an acute myocardial infarction (AMI); its frequency ranges from 1 to 6 percent. In the era of coronary care units, LVFWR is the second cause of in-hospital death, after pump failure. The subacute presentation accounts for 2-3 percent of total hospital admissions ...
Becker R C - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence and demographic characteristics of patients experiencing cardiac rupture after thrombolytic and adjunctive anticoagulant therapy and to identify possible associations between the mechanism of thrombin inhibition (indirect, direct) and the intensity of systemic anticoagulation with its occurrence. BACKGROUND Cardiac rupture is ...
Ge J J Department of Cardiology, University Essen, Germany. - - 1999
A plaque that has a large lipid core and a thin fibrous cap may undergo rupture. Once it ruptures, it may lead to thrombus formation and subsequent vessel occlusion. To identify unstable plaques before they rupture is essential for clinical management and patient's prognosis. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) opens a new ...
Zhou J - - 1999
Coronary atherosclerosis is by far the most frequent cause of ischemic heart disease and plaque disruption with superimposed thrombosis is the main cause of the acute coronary syndromes of unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden coronary death. Therefore, for event-free survival, the vital question is not why atherosclerosis develops but ...
Cochrane A D - - 1999
A 4-month-old girl presented with 2 weeks of symptoms and physical signs of heart failure. Echocardiography demonstrated marked left ventricular dilation, thinning of the myocardium with anterolateral akinesis, mitral regurgitation, a moderate pericardial collection, and an anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. At operation there was a tense ...
Dickson T J - - 1999
The development of a clinically correlated human pericardial fluid bank and database is described. A unique feature of this registry is the availability of a large number of pericardial fluid samples for testing with respect to multiple factors and for correlation with angiographic findings and clinical syndromes expressed by the ...
Stanton A V - - 1999
Atherosclerosis, leading to myocardial infarction and stroke, is the major cause of death and morbidity in Western societies. Atheromatous lesions characteristically occur in regions of branching and marked curvature. Low shear stress and increased mural tensile stress may be major determinants underlying atheroma formation at these sites. Furthermore, the distribution ...
Hammerman Haim - - 1999
We describe a patient following acute myocardial infarction with a protracted clinical course presenting transient episodes of hypotension, who eventually developed cardiac tamponade. Echocardiography demonstrated pericardial effusion and emergency pericardiocentesis revealed blood. The patient's condition was stabilized and she underwent emergency thoracotomy with successful repair of left ventricular rupture. We ...
Ikonomidis J S - - 1999
A 23-year-old man presented with hypotension secondary to a left hemothorax. Diagnostic studies revealed a left cervical arch associated with a redundant tortuous pseudocoarctation in the proximal descending thoracic aorta. Operative exploration revealed an aortic rupture just proximal to the pseudocoarctation. Resection of the diseased aorta and tube graft replacement ...
Elnakadi I - - 1998
PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to present a case of an uncommon opportunistic fungal infection that appears in immunologically or metabolically compromised patients and is usually fatal. METHOD: A 54-year-old woman with an acute lymphoblastic leukemia had acute abdominal pain with peritoneal symptoms during her hospital stay. A ...
Yoshida K - - 1998
During a 10-year period, 110 patients underwent mitral valve replacement (MVR). We experienced three left ventricular ruptures among these patients. Two had a type I immediate rupture, and one had a type III delayed rupture. Two patients (type I, III) survived after repair of the rupture. It was possible to ...
Dalager-Pedersen S - - 1998
Without thrombosis, coronary atherosclerosis is generally benign. It is plaque disruption, or fissuring, and subsequent thrombosis that make coronary atherosclerosis dangerous. Small ruptures often remain clinically silent, whereas more extensive plaque rupture may cause the development of unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden death. The risk of plaque disruption depends ...
Pett S B SB - - 1998
Rupture of the ventricular septum following posterior myocardial infarction is an uncommon, but lethal, injury that requires prompt repair. Surgical reconstruction can be complex, demanding, and unfamiliar. Conventional techniques, as described in the literature, are associated with a variety of potential pitfalls. An alternative method we have successfully used in ...
Kawata H - - 1998
Surgical repair of left ventricular diverticulum usually is not required in infancy even though it combines with other anomalies. In addition to prevention of rupture of the diverticulum and thrombus formation, treatment of combined ventricular tachycardia is thought to be an indication for resection of the diverticulum. We describe a ...
Yamada S - - 1998
A 60-year-old Asian man who suffered penetrating thoracoabdominal injuries was admitted to our hospital in a state of shock. Because the results of a chest computed tomogram (CT) strongly suggested a left ventricular injury, an emergency thoracotomy was performed. A laceration of the left ventricle (3 cm) was sutured and ...
Ballantyne C M - - 1998
Clinical trials provide evidence on methods for risk assessment of coronary artery disease and on interventions used to decrease risk. Plaque rupture, which leads to either progression of coronary artery disease or myocardial infarction, is the critical biologic event in the pathophysiology of atherothrombosis that leads to morbidity and mortality. ...
Choy J B - - 1998
Although it is known that patients with polycythemia vera (PV) are at increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) secondary to thrombosis, ventricular septal rupture in this setting has never been reported. Ventricular septal rupture complicating a small anteroseptal MI is reported in a patient with PV and with only minimal ...
Tate D A - - 1998
Ventricular free-wall rupture is a well-known catastrophic complication of acute myocardial infarction. A significant number of patients present in a subacute fashion and can be successfully treated with surgery if diagnosed promptly. We present a case of subacute free-wall rupture that occurred after an undiagnosed myocardial infarction. The findings at ...
Figueras J - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the possible relation between the presence of a hospital admission delay (> or =24 h), undue physical effort or recurrence of anginal pain, alone or in combination, with the development of free wall rupture (FWR), septal rupture (SR) or papillary muscle rupture (PMR) in patients with an ...
Arroyo L H - - 1998
Because the consequences of ischemic vascular disease are projected to be the leading cause of morbidity in the next century, it is critical to continue to develop preventive strategies and therapies for unstable vascular syndromes. A great deal has been learned about the natural history of atherosclerosis in the past ...
Kleber F X - - 1998
Unstable coronary plaques with surface erosion and plaque rupture lead to acute coronary thrombosis, unstable angina pectoris and myocardial infarction. The in-vivo detection of plaque instability by angiography, intravascular ultrasound or angioscopy or by newly developed techniques, such as optical coherence tomography or by the observation of local temperature increases, ...
Guron C W - - 1998
Approximately one third of free wall infarct ruptures are subacute and theoretically accessible for surgery. Two-dimensional echocardiography is an important tool in the early diagnosis of cardiac rupture. We report the successful treatment of a 74-year-old woman with subacute free wall rupture, who is still alive 3 years after surgery.
Bouchart F - - 1998
AIM: This retrospective analysis focuses on predictive factors of operative mortality and long-term survival after surgical repair of postinfarction ventricular septal rupture (VSR). METHODS: Sixty-seven patients (43 males, 24 females) with VSR underwent surgical repair between December 1977 and December 1995. The site of the rupture was anterior in 44 ...
Braile D M - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND AIMS OF THE STUDY: This study was performed to identify the physical and histopathologic characteristics of different sections of glutaraldehyde-tanned bovine pericardium. METHODS: Ten pericardial sacs were obtained from animals aged from 18 to 36 months. Physical tests included shrinkage and mechanical resistance (rupture, elongation, tenacity index). Collagen ...
de Boer H D - - 1998
A surgical technique for safe early repair of ventricular septal rupture is described. The technique consists of exclusion of the infarcted area, septal stabilization, and remodeling of the left ventricle with an internal two-patch method. This technique is simple and reliable, and it appeared favorable in an elderly patient group. ...
Figueras J - - 1998
Patients with ventricular septal (VS) rupture (n = 96) or left ventricular (LV) free wall rupture (n = 97) during acute myocardial infarction had comparable clinical, angiographic, and electrocardiographic features, suggesting similar underlying mechanisms, although the 2 groups differed in the rate of bundle branch block, complete atrioventricular block, atrial ...
Kwong R - - 1998
Ventricular rupture following acute myocardial infarction usually leads to hemopericardium and death from cardiac tamponade. We describe a patient who had cardiac rupture during direct angioplasty for reinfarction 3 days following an acute anterior myocardial infarction. In this instance, ventricular rupture presented as a severe form of reperfusion injury. The ...
Dudra J - - 1998
The occurrence of double cardiac rupture (DCR) after a successful direct infarct coronary angioplasty (DICA) is extremely uncommon. We describe herein the case of a patient who underwent delayed DICA and despite successful recanalization, subsequently suffered DCR, as a postinfarction ventricular septal defect (PIVSD) with left ventricular free wall rupture ...
Imai Y - - 1998
We describe a patient with acute myocardial infarction, which was thought to result from plaque rupture or thrombosis because of coronary artery spasm. The vasospasm was most likely induced by stimulation of the alpha-adrenergic receptors during alternating heat exposure during sauna bathing and rapid cooling during cold water bathing. This ...
Whittaker P - - 1998
Our understanding of what constitutes "normal" collagen organization in wound healing after myocardial injury and how such organization is achieved is still in its infancy. However, once this knowledge has been obtained, it may suggest methods of enhancing or even optimizing healing, and thus provide us with the possibility of ...
Klintschar M - - 1998
An 84-year-old woman was unsuccessfully resuscitated for 3 min using standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), followed by 15 min of active compression-decompression (ACD). The autopsy revealed that death was due to myocardial infarction complicated by rupture of the infarcted area and pericardial tamponade was diagnosed. Furthermore, a series of rib fractures, ...
Lund L - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate a possible decreased strength of the wall of the left internal spermatic vein between patients with varicocele testis and controls. MATERIALS: From 14 patients with varicocele testis, 2 cm of the vein was obtained during operation per varicocele and compared to ...
Marr C M - - 1998
This report describes the history, clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic findings, treatment, outcome and post-mortem findings in seven horses with aorto-cardiac fistula. Affected horses included 5 stallions, one gelding and one mare; 2 each of the Thoroughbred, Arabian and Standardbred breeds and one Thoroughbred-cross with a mean +/- s.d. age of ...
Zeebregts C J - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The natural course of subacute ventricular free wall rupture (FWR) as a complication of acute myocardial infarction (MI) is usually lethal. The aim of this study was to investigate the curability of this entity and to report on five patients successfully treated by rapid diagnosis, hemodynamic stabilization, and emergency ...
Reardon M J - - 1997
Left ventricular free wall rupture is the third leading complication and the second most common cause of death after myocardial infarction. Its occurrence has been considered an unpredictable event usually leading to death. An increased appreciation for the clinical presentation of this syndrome and the nearly ubiquitous use of echocardiography ...
Tofler G H - - 1997
Insight into the pathophysiology of acute coronary syndromes can be gained by studying the role of triggering activities, such as heavy physical exertion and episodes of anger, in promoting plaque rupture and thrombosis, and the determinants of plaque vulnerability to disruption, which include lipid-rich plaque, a thin fibrous cap, and ...
Ohishi M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The clinical usefulness of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in preventing the recurrence of myocardial infarction has been investigated in large randomized trials. Results from many studies using animal models have suggested that ACE inhibitors have vasculoprotective effects, which may contribute to the prevention of coronary atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Shah P K - - 1997
Clinical and pathologic studies have confirmed that disruption or superficial erosion of atherosclerotic plaque is the major cause of coronary thrombosis, which is the primary mechanism responsible for acute coronary syndromes of unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death. Serial angiographic studies have shown that nearly 60-70% of ...
Figueras J - - 1997
Seventeen of 31 patients with papillary muscle rupture (PMR) were admitted with a >24-hour delay since onset of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in contrast to 81 of 1,012 with AMI without cardiac rupture; in 8 of 11 patients with in-hospital PMR it was preceded by new anginal pain in 5 ...
Purcaro A - - 1997
In this prospective study we evaluated the value of the main diagnostic criteria for postinfarction subacute rupture of the ventricular free wall. Two-dimensional echocardiograms and recordings of right atrial pressure and waveform were immediately obtained in every patient exhibiting rapid clinical and/or hemodynamic compromise in the acute infarction setting. The ...
Isono M - - 1997
Three patients presented with brain abscess associated with ventricular rupture. The origins of infection were sepsis, congenital heart disease, and unknown, and the organisms were Gram-negative cocci in one and Streptococcus species in two. Ventricular rupture occurred before administration of antibiotics and caused consciousness disturbance in all three patients. Continuous ...
Poostizadeh A - - 1997
A fragile 72-year-old female with previous coronary artery disease sustained blunt abdominal trauma in a motor vehicle crash. A ruptured duodenum was identified by computed tomography scanning. Exploratory laparotomy revealed that the duodenal rupture was caused by perforation of a diverticulum in the second portion of the duodenum. The surgical ...
Konstantinides S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of Doppler echocardiography in the assessment of right heart hemodynamics and the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension in patients with ventricular septal rupture due to acute myocardial infarction. DESIGN: A prospective, echocardiographic and right-heart catheterization study. SETTING: Medical intensive care unit (ICU) of a university ...
Kalangos A - - 1997
We present a case of left ventricular (LV) rupture that occurred on the second day after inferolateral myocardial infarction (MI). An aggressive diagnostic approach with rapid coronary angiography prior to surgical repair provides a benefit characterized postoperatively by complete recovery of myocardial contractility in the akinetic infarcted area. We believe ...
Naik A M - - 1997
Autopsy reports and clinical data of 226 consecutive myocardial infarction deaths in whom postmortem studies could be carried out during the period 1980 to 1996 were analyzed retrospectively for the presence of haemorrhagic myocardial infarction (HMI). Of 53 autopsies done from 1980 to 1986 [prior to use of streptokinase (SK) ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >